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O    R 

Hiftory  of  England, 

From  the  earlieft  TIMES, 

T  O    T  H  E 

Refloration  of  King  CHARLES  II. 


From  the  RECORDS,  the  ROLLS  of  Parliament,  the  JOURNALS 
of  both  Houfes,  the  Public  LIBRARIES,  Original  MANU- 
SCRIPTS, fcarce  SPEECHES,  and  TRACTS  ;  all  compared  with 
the  feveral  Contemporary  Writers,  and  connected,  through- 
out, with  the  Hiftory  of  the  Times. 



VOL.    XVI. 

From  June  23,  1647,  to  &&•  IO<  l^i- 

L    O     N    D     O    JV, 

Printed  for  J.  and  R.  TON  SON,    and  A.  MILLAR,  in  the 
Strand  j  and  W.   S  A  N  D  B  Y,  in  Fleet-Jlreet. 




O  F 


N  the  23d  of  June  the  Lords  pafled  An.  43"  Cat.  ft 
an  Ordinance,  fent  up  by  the  Com-        l647- 
mons,  for  raifing  Monies  for  the         .  {    ~~ 
Service    of  England  and    Ireland. 
This  was  laying  aTax  of  bOjCOol.  An  Ordinance 
a  Month,  to  continue  for  one  Year,  &*_»  monthly 
viz.  from  the  25th  of  March  then 

paft,  to  the  25th  of  March  enfuing  :  A  heavy  Load, 
after  all  their  former  Preffures,  on  this  'miferable 

The  refpecYive  Sums,  charged  upon  each  County       * 
by  the  faid  Ordinance,  were  as  follows  : 

/.     s.     d. 

Berk/hire,          — 
Me  of  Ely 

673  14  u| 
683  15     9 
8*5     8     o 
1462  16    6^ 
490  18    oj 


2               The  Parliamentary  HIST 


An.  *;  Car.  I. 





t          •    J     Chejhire,         —                 •—        —  - 




jui£              Chejter  City  and  County  thereof, 




Cornwall,         —             •  —             — 




Cumberland,         —             —        —  — 




Derby/hire  (a),         —       —         — 

Devon/hire,         —           —           —  — 

Exeter  City  and-County  thereof, 




Dorfetjhire,              —         —          — 




PW*,  Town  and  County,         — 




Durham,             —              —         — 




E/ex,             -             -             - 




Gloucejlerjhire,                —              — 




Gloucejler  City    and  County    1 
thereof,            —             —    J 




Hertfordjhire,         —         —         — 




Hereford/hire,         —         —  •         —  — 




Huntingdonjhire,              —              — 




Kent  and  Canterbury,    with   the  1 
Cinque  Ports         —         —       J 


Lancajhire,             —         —         — 




Leicejlerjhire,                 —  -              — 




Lincolnjhire,          —           —         — 




Lincoln  City  and  County  thereof, 
Middlefex  and  Weflminjler, 





London,         —             —  •          — 



Monmouthjhire,              —              — 




Northampton/hire,           —             —  5911111- 

Nottingbamjhire,             —             ~~  353  J9     3 

Nottingham,  Town  and  County  1 

thereof,             —             —  )  "   H     & 

Mr/M*,              —              —          —  4763     I      I 

Norwich   City    and   County     1  6     r       * 

thereof,  —  —    J 

Northumberland,          —                —  1001610* 

Newcajlle  Town            —         —  29  17     O 

Oxford/hire,                — '                —  779   13   xi£ 

Rutkndjhire,                  — •               —  128      I     o£ 

Shropjhire,                  —                  —  553   1 9     9* 

(j)  The  Suma  affefled  upon  Dtrbjfhire,  Dtvonjhire,  and  Ter1tjkiret 
are  omitted, 

tf   ENGLAND. 

/.     j. 

Stafford/hire,        —         —          —     454  1 5 

Lit  ch field^  —         —         —       JO  14 

Somerfetjbifi,  —  —  205011 

Eriflol  City  and  County  thereof,        112  12 
Southampton  County,          —          —  J5H     4 

Southampton  Town  and  Coun- 1         ,        0 
ty  thereof,         —         —       J 

Ifle  of  Wight)  — •         '    —     208 

Suffolk,  —  — -  4763 

Surrey  and  Southwark,         —        —  1347 
Sujfex  and  the  Ports,          —         —  2646 
Warwick/hire,         —         —         —     621     3 
Coventry  City  and  County  thereof,         679   10 
Worcejlerjhire,  —     704  i 8 

Worcester   City    and   County    1  ,f 

thereof,  —         —    J         4-35 

Wiltlhire,         —  —  1421   18     9! 

Wejlmoreland,  —  —       66     9     2~ 

King/Ion  upon  Hull,         —      —       50     18     9 

Anglefey,              —            *-          —  501710 

Brecknock/hire,          —          — •*        —  50   I O     o 

Cardiganfoire,  —               • —  122     9   10^ 

Carmarthen/hire,  —             —  100   15     6 

Carnarvon/hire,  —               —  42     6     5^ 

Denbigh/Jure^                —                 —  54     6   IO 

Flint/hire^        —               —        —  33     9     4^ 

Glamorgan/hire,  —               -—  1311510 

Merioneth/hire,  —               —  31    n      6 

Montgomery/hire^  —              —  123     2     8{: 

Pembroke/hire,         —         —         -—  11647^ 

Haverford-Wejl,           —          —  10     2     6| 

Radnor/hire,          —          —         —  73     *     7l 

y«»*  24.  A  Packet  was  prefented  to  the  Houfe 
»f  Lords,  from  the  Earl  of  Nottingham,  one  of 
their  Commiffioners  refiding  with  the  Army,  ad- 
«lrefled  to  the  Earl  of  Manchejler,  containing, 

A  2  An 

.  43 





Parliamentary  tl  i  s  T  o  R  Y 

n  HUMBLE  REMONSTRANCE  from  his  Excellency 
Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  and  the  Army  under  his 
Command^  concerning  the  prefent  State  of  Affairs 
in  relation  to  them/elves  and  the  Kingdom  ,  with 
their  Defires  and  prefent  Reflations  thereupon  (b}. 

Sf.  dlbans,  June  23,  1647. 
U  R  Defires,  as  Soldiers,   in  behalf  of  our- 
felves  and  other  Sobers  that  have  faithfully 
'  ferved  the  Parliament  in  this  Kingdom  j  as   alfo 
'  our  remaining  DifTatisfa&ions,  in  relation  there- 

*  unto,  may  be  clearly  collected  out  of  our  fevera! 

*  Papers  that  have  formerly  been  prefentecf  to  the 
'  Parliament  concerning  the  fame,  to  which  Par- 

*  ticulars  we  have  not  yet  received  any  further  Sa- 
'  tisfa&ton. 

'  In  our  late  Reprefentation  (c]  it  may  appear 

*  what  our  Defires  are,  as  Members  of  the  Common  - 

*  wealth,  in  behalf  of  our/elves  and  all  others,  for 

*  the  clearing,  fettling,  and  fecuring  of  the  Rights', 
4  Liberties,   and  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  ;   for  the 

*  Juftnefs,    Reafonablenefs,  Neceffity,    and    com- 
'  mon  Concernment  whereof  unto  all,  we  dare  ap- 

*  peal  to  the  whole  Kingdom  and  the  World  j  yet 
'  we  have  hitherto  received  no  Anfwer  thereunto, 

*  nor  can  we  hear  of  any  Confideration  taken  there- 

*  upon,  to  put  the  Things  contained  therein  into 

*  any  Way  of  Refolution  or  Difpatch. 

'  We  have  fmce  that,  in   purfuance  of  the  firft 

*  and  fecond  Heads  of  our  Defires  in'  the  fafd  Re- 

*  prefentation,  delivered  in  a  Charge  (d]  againft  di- 
'  vers  Perfons,  Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons, 

*  for  divers  Defigns  and  Practices  to  the  Abufe  and 

*  Dishonour  of  the  Parliament,    the  unfufferable 

*  Injury  of  the   Army,   the   Infringement    of  the 
'  Rights  an  J  Liberties  both  of  Soldiers  and  Subje6lsr 

*  the  Breach  or  Hazard  of  the  Peace  of  this  King- 
'  dom,   and    the  Hindering   of  the  Relief  of  Ire- 

(l>)  Printed  for  George  JVbrttltigton,  at  the  Sign  of  the  Blue  Anchor, 
in  Ccrr.liH,  nttr  the  Royal  Exchange,  London,  1647.  This  Re- 
monffrancf  ;s  not  entered  in  the  Journals  of  either  Houfe. 

W  Vol.  XV.  p.  45S.  (d}Md.  P.  470. 

*  landt 


6  land,  &c.  Upon  which,  though  the  main  Things  An.  43  Car.  I. 

*  charged,  with  the  mifchievous  Effects  and  fur-    t    *647'   ^ 

*  ther  dangerous  Confequences  of  them,  as   alfo         june< 
f  the  conftant  and  continued  Activity  of  all  or  moft 

*  of  the  Perfons  charg'd,  in  relation  to  thofeThings, 
c  for  the  moft  part  are  fufficiently  and  notorioufly 
'  known,   efpecially  to   the   Parliament  itfelf ;  yet 

*  we  find  neither  any  Thing  done  upon   what  is  fo 
'  known,  nor  any  Way  refolved  on  or  admitted  by 
'  the  Parliament,  for  the  Examination  or  Difco- 

*  very  of  what  is  lefs  evident  unto  them ;  but  ra- 
'  ther  (as  if  neither  the  Things  charged,  nor  the 
'  prefent  fad  Effects,  nor  future   ill  Confequences 
'  thereof,  were  at  all  confiderable)  the  whole  JBufi- 
'  nefs  feems  to  be  flightly  pafled  over,  or  fet  afide. 

Loftly,  '  We  did,  with  thefe,  deliver  in  another 
c  Paper  (>),  whereof  here  is  a  Copy  annexed,  con- 
c  taining  divers  juft  and  neceflary  Things,  which  we 

*  did  defire  might  be  provided  for  and  done  for  the 

*  better  Proceeding    in   the  Premifles,   with  more 

*  Safety  to  ourfelves  and  the  Kingdom,  and  with 

*  more  Aflurance  or  Hopes  of  a  timely  and  happy 
'  IfTue  :  To  which  Things  defired  (which  we  think 
'  all  Men  will  judge  reafonable,  juft,  and  ncceflary) 
'  we  have  yet  received  no  Anfwer  or  Refoludon ;  nor 

*  can  find  any  Confideration  at  all  had  of  them,  fave 
'  that  a  Month's  Pay  is  fent  down   for  the  Army  ; 
6  whilft  thofe  that  have  deferted  the  Army  receive,' at 

*  London^  much  more  ;  and  that  fome  Votes  have 
*.  been  pafled  for  annulling  the  Orders  of  the  pre- 
6  tended  Committee  of  Safety  about  lifting  Men  an,d 
'  drawing  of  Forces  together  ;  which  Votes  we  find 
•'  rendered  but  vain  and  delufiye  by  the  continued 
e  under-hand   Practices  of   thofe  whom   we   haye 

*  charged,  and  their  Accomplices,  in  lifting  and  en- 
'  gaging  Men  for  a  new  War;  and,  by  a  later  Day's 

*  Votes,  not  admitting  that  the  Forces  fo  lifted  or 
'  engaged  fhouJd,  by  public  Order,  be  difmilTed  or 
'  difcharged  ;  which,  with  other  Things,   we  can- 
'  not  but  attribute  chiefly  to  the  prevalent  Influence 
4  qf  the  fame  Perfons. 

(c)  Vol.  XV.   p.  473. 

A  3 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'  Now,  whereas  we  find  that  our  firft  Defire  in 
the  Paper  laft  meniioned,  for  prefent  fufpending 
the  Perfons  impeached  from  fitting  in  the  Houfe, 
is  judged,  by  fome,  to  be  againft  the  Courfe  and 
c  Privilege  of  Parliament ;  or  of  ill  Confequcnce  in 

*  the  Precedent  of  it,  the  Charge  being  but  gene- 
c  ral,  and  no  particular  Proofs  as  yet  produced  to 
'  render  the  Proceeding  legal  j  we  cannot  but  re- 
c  mind  the  Parliament, 

j.  '  That  as  the  moft  and  main  Things  charged, 

*  with  the  fad  Effe&s  and  Confequences  of  them, 
'  fo  the  conftant  and  continued  Activity  of  all,  or 
c  moft  of  the  Perfons  charged,  in   relation   there- 
4  unto,  in  mifinforming,  deluding,  abufmg,  or  fur- 
'  prizing  the  Houfe,  and  otherwife,  are  fufficiently 
'  known  to  the  Parliament  itfelf ;  fo  as  the  Houfe 
'  might  upon  their  paft  and  prefent  Cognizance  of 
c  the  fame,  moft  juftly  proceed  to  fufpend  them  ; 
'  as  in  many  other  Cafes,  upon  far  lefs  Occafions, 
'  which  nerer  could  have  produced  fuch  fad  Effects 
'  to  the  Kingdom,  they  have  done  many  other  of 
( .their    Members,   meerly   for  Words   fpoken,  or 
'  Things  moved  in  the  Houfe,  alledged  to  be  but 
'  againft  Order  or  Cuftom  of  the  Houfe  ;  and  this 
'  without  any  Trial,  Proof,  or  Charge,  but  meerly 
'  upon  the  Houfes  own  Cognizance  of  the  Things, 
'  as  we  could  inftance  in  many  Cafes  fmce  this  Par- 
'  liament  began. 

2.  '  Whereas  many  of  the  Things  to  which  the 
'  Charge  relates,   are  Things   fpoke,    moved,    or 

*  done  in  the  Houfe,  fo   as  we  have  yet  no  clear 
'  Way  opened  particularly  to   charge  or  mention 

*  them,  or  produce  Proofs  to  them,  without  fome 
'  Pretence  againft  us  of  Breach  of  Privilege  ;  and 
'  therefore  (though  we  think  no  Privilege  ought  to 
'  protect  evil  Men  in  doing  Wrong  to  Particulars  or 

*  Mifchief  to  the  Public,  yet)  we  have  been  hither- 
'  to  fo  tender  of  Parliament  Privileges,  as  that  we 
'  have  only  remonftrated  the  Evil  of  fuch  Things 

*  done ;  and  fuppofing  the  Houfe  to  have  been  (as 
'  we  did  and  do  believe,  and  if  the  Way  were  open 

*  without  Breach  of  Privilege,  {hould  not  doubt  to 

'  prove 


'  prove  it  was)  feme  ways  misinformed,  deluded,  An«  2 3  Car. 

*  furprized,  or  otherwife  abufed  in  thofe  Things    t  J  *7'_f 
'  by  evil  Members,  we  have  frequently,  in  former        jm^ 

'  Papers  before  the   Charge,    put  the  Parliament 
'  upon  it,  who,  without  Colour  of  Breach  of  Pri- 

*  vilege,  might  do  it,  to  find  out  and  difcover  who 
'  they  were  that  had  fo  abufed  them,  and  to  difen- 

*  gage   the  Honour  of   Parliament  from   the  evil 
'  Practices  and  Defigns  of  fuch  Incendiaries.  Now 

*  fmce  the  fame  Difficulties  or  Prejudices  be  yet  in 
'  our  Way,  as   to  the  particular  Charge  or  Proof 
'  of  thofe  Things  againft  the  Members  ;  and   the 
'  Parliament  (though  fo  often  put  upon  it  in  our 
'  former  Papers,  yet  through   the  powerful  Inte- 

*  reft  of  the  Perfons  guilty)  hath  not  taken  any 
'  Cognizance   what  Members    or  others   have  fo 

*  abufed  them,  to  draw  the  Parliament  to  fuch  Dif- 
c  honour  and  Inconveniencies ;  we  cannot  but  again 

*  more  fully  and  clearly  aflert,  (as  we  have  in  for- 
'  mer  Papers,  and  (hall  yet  more  particularly,  if 
'  Need  be,  remonftrate)  that  divers  Things   lately 

'  done  and  pafTed  from  the  Parliament  againft  this  , 

*  Army  (as  particularly  the  Order  for  fuppreffing 
'  the  Petition  (/)•,  that  high  Declaration  againft  it, 
'  and  againft  all  that  mould  proceed  in  it,  putting 
'  the  faithful  Servants  of  the  Parliament  and  King- 
'  dom  out  of  the  Protection  of  Law,  and  expofmg 
'  them  as  Enemies  to  the  State,  &c.  to   the  For- 
'  feitures  of  theEftates,  Liberties,  Life  and  all,  but 
'  for  going  about  in  an  humble,  peaceable,  and  inof- 
'  fenfive  Way  to  defire  what  was  undeniably  their 

*  Due,  and  dearly  earned,  and  many  other  fuch  like 
4  Proceedings,   both  againft  the  Army  and  others) 
c  do  carry  with  them  fuch  a  Face  of  Injuftice,  Op- 
'  preflion,    Arbitrarinefs,    and    Tyranny,    as,   we 
'  think,    is    not   to    be   paralleled  in    any   former 
*•  Proceedings  of  the  moft  arbitrary  Courts   againft 
'  any  private  Men  ;  but  have  brought   in  infuf- 
*.  ferable  Dimonour  upon  the  Parliamentary  Au- 

*  thority  and  Proceedings  (which  we  are,  and  others 
'  ought  to    be,   deeply  fenfible  of)  ;  hath  tended 

*  to   difoblige   all   Men,  efpecially   Soldiers,  from 

(f)  Vol.  XV.  P.  345,  ctftj.  *  the 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*  the  fame;  to  deftroy  all  juft  Freedom  either  of 

4  Soldiers  or  Subjects,  and   hath  conduced   to  all 

*  other  the  fad  Effects  and  worfe  Confequences  ex- 
'  prefled  in  the  Charge  ;  and  gives  us  and  others 
'  Caufe  to  conclude  that  thofe  Worthies  who  have 
'  formerly  acted  and  carried  on  Things  in  Parlia- 

*  ment  for  public  Good,  Right,  and  Freedom,  are 

5  now  awed  or  overborne  by  a  prevailing  Party  of 

*  Men  of  other  private  Interefts  crept  in  ;  and  that 
'  neither   we"  nor  any  other  can   reafonabiy    ex- 
'  pect  Right,  Freedom,  or  Safety,  as  private  Men, 
'  or  to  have  Things  acted  in  Parliament  for  public 
f  Good,  while  the  fame  Perfons  continue  there  in 
'  the  fame  Power  to  abufe  the  Name  and  Autho- 

*  rity  of  Parliament,  to  ferve  and   profecute  their 
'  private    Interefts   and  Paffions;    and,    under   the 
e  Privilege    of   Parliament,    to    fhclter    themfelves 
8  under  the  worft  of  Evils  or  Mifchiefs  they  can  do, 

*  though  to  the  Ruin  of  the  Kingdom. 

'  We  are  in  this  Cafe  forced,  to  our  great  Grief 

*  of  Heart,  thus  plainly  to  afiert  the  prefent  Evil 
(  and   Mifchief,  together    with    the   future    worfe 
'  Confequences  of  the  Things  lately  done,  even  in 
'  the  Parliament  itfelf,  which  are  too  evident  and 

*  vifible  to  all ;  and  fo,  in  their  proper  Colours,   to 
'  lay  the  fame  at  the  Parliament's  Doors   until  the 

*  Parliament  (hall  be  pleafed,  either  of  themfelves 
'  to  take  Notice  and  rid  the  Houfes  of  thofe  who 
'  have  any  ways  mifmformed,  deluded,  furprized, 
'  or  otherwife  abufed  the  Parliament,  to  the  vehe- 

*  ment  preffing    and    paffing  of  fuch   foul  Things 

*  there  ;  or  fhall  open  to  us  and  others  fome  Way 

*  how  we  may  regularly,  and  without  the  Scandal 
'  of  breaking  Privileges,  come  to  charge  and  pro- 

*  fecute   thofe    particular  Perfons   that,  in  Truth, 
'  have  fo   abufed  the  Parliament,  as  well  as   our- 

*  felves,  even  for  thofe  Mifinformations  and  other 
'  evil  and  indirect  Practices  or  Proceedings  in  Par- 
'  liament,  whereby  they  have  fo  abufed  the  fame,  « 
4  in  our  faid  Charge  and  former  Papers  is  fet  forth. 

*  And  here,  if  we  may,  we  fhould  humbly  offer 
'  to  Confideration,  whether  it  were  not  a  neceilary 

4  Ex- 


Expedient,  for  Prevention   or  Remedy  of  fuch  An.  23  Car.  I. 

Evils  in  future,  that,  in  Things  fo  clearly  de-    s *     ''  j 

ftruclive  to  the  common  Rights  and  Liberties  of  jul",e> 
the  People  and  Safety  of  the  Kingdom,  there 
be  a  Liberty  for  diffenting  Members  in  the  Houfe 
of  Commons,  as  it  is  allowed  in  the  Houfe  of 
Peers,  to  enter  their  Diffent,  and  thereby  acquit 
themfelves  f:om  the  Guilt  or  Blame  of  what 
Evils  may  enfue  ;  that  fo  the  Kingdom  may  re- 
gularly  come  to  know  who  they  are  that  perform 
their  Truft  faithfully,  and  who  not :  And  this 
Provifion  for  the  future,  as  alfo  our  Defires  for 
Remedy  in  the  prefent  Cafes,  as  it  were  clearly 
good  and  neceflary  in  the  Refpedls  premifed,  fo, 
we  think,  the  fame  may  well  be  without  future 
Prejudice  or  Difcouragemcnt,  in  cny  other  Re- 
fpe&s,  to  fucceeding  Members  of  Parliament ; 
provided  always,  that  no  Man  {hall  be  queftioned 
or  cenfured  for  any  Thing  faid  or  done  in  Parlia- 
ment, any  further  than  to  Exclufion  from  that 
Truft,  which  is  all  that  in  the  prefent  Cafe  we 
fhould  defire  upon  any  fuch  Grounds.  And  that 
future  Liberty  of  entering  Diflents  we  do  not 
here  propofe  as  a  Thing  we  any  way  infiit  on  to 
the  Prejudice  of  Parliament  Privileges  ;  we  only 
offer  it  to  Confideration,  and  that  from  good 
Wifhes  to  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  to  render 
them  more  lafting  by  being  lefs  nocent.  And, 
indeed,  whoever  moft  adores  or  tenders  thofe  Pri- 
vileges will  beft  exprefs  his  Zeal  towards  them  in 
taking  Care  they  be  not  abufed,  or  extended,  to 
private  Wrongs  or  public  Mifchiefs  ;  for  we  clear- 
ly find,  and  all  wife  Men  may  fee  it,  that  Parlia- 
ment Privileges,  as  well  as  Royal  Prerogative, 
may  be  perverted  and  abufed,  or  extended  to 
the  Dcftruclion  of  thofe  greater  Ends  for  whofe 
Protection  and  Prefervation  they  were  admitted 
or  intended,  viz.  the  Rights  and  Privileges  of  the 
People,  and  Safety  of  the  whole  ;  and  in  cafe  it 
be  fo,  the  Abufe,  Evil,  or  Danger  of  them  is 
no  lefs  to  be  contended  againft,  and  a  Remedy 

'  there- 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

4  thereof  no  lefs  to  be  endeavoured,   than  of  the 
«  other. 

«  And  whereas  the  Injuftice  in  that  Particular  of 

*  the  Declaration  againft  the  Army,   for  their  juft 
'  and  innocent  Petition,  may  feem  to  have  been  re- 
'  compenced  in  the  late  Expunging  thereof  out  of 

*  the  Journal  Books,  we  confefs  it  hath  been  fo  in 

*  great   Meafure,  as    to  the   particular  or  prefent 
'  injury  done   the  Army  therein  ;  and  we  cannot 
'  but  acknowledge,  fo  far,  the  Juftice  that  lies  in 
'  thofe  Votes  for  expunging  thereof;  but  for  our 
'  own   or  the  Army's  particular  Reparation,    we 
(  fhould  never  wifh  more,  nor  fcarce  have  infifted 
'  on  fo  much,   to  any  Difhpnour  of  Parliament  in 
6  future  ;  we  fhould  rather  have  been  fatisfied  with 

*  the  Parliament's  declaring  how,   and  by  whom, 

*  they  have  been  misinformed,  furprized,  or  other- 

*  wife  abufed  in   framing  the  Propofal,  or  paffing 

*  thereof,  as  it  was  :  But  as  to  that  Particular,  or 

*  any  other  of  that  Nature,  we  fay  as  followeth  : 

1.  *  We  never  did,  nor  do,  value  or  regard  our 
'  own  Injury  or  Reparation  in  any  Comparifon  to 
'  the  Confequence  of  the  one,  or  the  Prejudice  of 
'  the  other,  but  to  the  future  Security  of  the  com- 

*  mon  Right  and  Freedom  of  this   Nation  ;  and 
'  accordingly  we  do  not  account  any  Reparation 
'  confiderable  that  extends  but  to  ourfelves  in  the 

*  prefent  Cafe,  and  does  not,  in  fome  fort,  fecure 
'  ourfelves  and  all  others  from  Danger  of  the  fame 

*  or  worfe  Injuries  or  Oppreffions,  as  private  Men, 
'  from  the  Wills  or  Pailions  of  the  fame  Perfons 

*  that  have  offered  and  a&ed  fuch  Things  againft 

*  us  while  an  Army. 

2.  '  We  cannot  but  imagine  and  confider,  ac-. 
'  cording  to  general  Report,  how  the  Expunging 
4  of  that  Declaration  was  carried  and  obtained,  and 
'  upon  what  Grounds  and  Intentions  it  was  given 
'  Way  to  ;  but  had  thofe  that  procured  it  been  all 

*  for  expunging  it,  and  that  freely,  yet  how  can 

*  we  expect  better  but  that  the  fame  Men,  who  at 
'  one  Time  carried  fuch  a  Declaration,  and   ano- 
e  ther  Time  expunged  it,  may  the  next  Day  obtain 

*  the 

of    ENGLAND.  i  r 

*  the  like  or  worfe,  upon  any  Occafion  wherein  it  An;  23  Car.  I. 
'  may  fcrve  their  private  Ends  or  Interefts,  if  they    , l_     r'    t 

*  continue  in  the  fame  Power  and  Sway,  and  be        junev 
e  let  pafs  in  deluding  and  furprizing  the  Parliament, 

'  as  they  have  done  in  the  paft  Particulars  ? 

3.  '  The  apparent  Difhonour  and  Prejudice 
'  brought  upon  the  Parliament,  in  having  fuch  aDe- 
'  claration  fo  pafTed,  as  that  they  fhould  foon  after, 

*  without  any  Alteration  in  the  pretended  Ground 
'  of  it,  find  Caufe,  for   Shame  of  the  World,  to 
'  expunge,  we  think  fhould  engage  thofe  Mem- 
'  bers  that  love  Parliaments,  in  point  of  Honour, 
'  to  find  out  and  difcover  how,  and  by  whom,  the 
6  Parliament  had  been  abufed  or  otherwife  brought 
'  into  fuch  an  Inconvenien^y.    And  the  Parliament 
'  may  in  this  fee  the  Temper,  as  Bye-ftanders  do 
4  the  Prevalence,  of  thofe  Members    that  abufed 
'  the  Parliament  in  that  Declaration,  who  will  and 
'  can  make  the  Authority  of  Parliament  ftill  lie  un- 
£  der  the  Difhonour  of  it,  in  a  bare  expunging  or 
'  retracting,  rather  than  admit  of  any  Confideration 
c  to  acquit  the  Authority  of  Parliament,  that  would 
'  tend  to  fix  the  Blame  on  thofe  particular  Members 

*  that  had  deferved  it :  And  this  certainly  would  be 
'  admitted  and  done,  rather  than  to  flight  it  over 
'  with  a  bare  expunging,  were  not  fome  Men  more 
'  tender  of,  and  more  fwayed  with,  fuch  Confidera- 
'  tions  and  Confequences  as  may  tend  to  the  Pre- 
'  judice  of  Perfons,  than  fuch  as  tend  to  the  gene- 
'  ral  Prejudice  and  Difhonour  of  Parliaments. 

'  As  to  thofe  Particulars  included  in  our  Charge, 

*  which   do  depend    upon  Things    done    without 
'  the  Parliament,  we  are  ready,  and  fhould   moft 

*  willingly  proceed  in  the  particular  charging  and 

*  proving  thereof,  if  firft  (from  the  Juftice  of  the 
'  Houfe  in  a  prefent  Proceeding  againrl  the  Perfons 
'  charged  for  the  Things  that  are  already  known  to 
'  the  Houfe  to  have  been  done  in  it)  we  could  find 

*  Encouragement  to  expect  any  good  Iflue  upon 

*  thofe  other  Things  ;  and  did  we  not,  on  the  con- 
'  trary,  find  that  (notwithftanding  what  is  fo  known 

*  to  the  Houfe,  as  before  expreffed)  the  fame  Per- 

'  fons 

1 2  ¥he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

i.  23  Car.  I.  <  fons  continue  in  fuch  Power  and  Prevalence,  both 

l647'    ,     '  in  the  Houfe  and  in  all  Committees  of  the  high- 

~~^T     '  eft  Truft,  as  leaves  little  Hope  of  Right  or  Sa- 

'  tisfa&ion  to  the  Army    or  Kingdom    in    other 

*  Things,  and  much   lefs  in  any  juft  Proceedings 
'  againft   themfelves,  while   they  continue  Judges 
'  of  their  own  and  our  Concernments  ;  fo  as  we 
c  cannot,  while   they  remain   in  the   fame  Power, 
'  expect  any  Thing  but  a  continued  perverting  and 
'  making  Advantage  of  all  Things,  (and  efpccially 

*  of  thole  Delays  which  a  regular  Proceeding  againil 
'  them  would  neceflarily  induce)  altogether  to  our 
'  own  and  the  Kingdom's  Prejudice  and  Danger, 

*  to  difable  or  weaken  us  for  thofe  Things  which 

*  the  Safety  and  Settling  of  the  Rights,  Liberties, 
'  and  Peace   of  the   Kingdom  requires :    And  to 
'  ftrengthen   themfelves,  by  under-hand  Practices 

*  and  Preparations  both   at  home  and  abroad,  the 
'  batter  to  oppofe  us  and  engage  the  Kingdom  in  a 
'  new  War  ;  thereby  to  accomplifh  their  Dcfigns, 
'  or  at  leaft  to  fave  themfelves  from  Juftice  in  a 
'  common  Confufion  :  We  fay,  were  it  not  for  thefe 
'  and  fuch  other  Confiderations,  that  leave  little 

*  Hopes  of  Juftice  to  ourfelves  or  the  Kingdom, 

*  while  they  continue  in  the  fame  Power,  and  ren- 

*  der  all  Delays  dangerous  and  deftru&ive  to  our- 
'  felves  and  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  we  fhould 
6  be  contented  that    the  Bufinefs  concerning  the 
'  Members   we  have  charged  fhould   be  kid  afide 
'  till  thofe  other  Things  were  firft  fettled,  which 
'  our  Declaration  does  propound  for  the  common 
'  Rights  and  Liberties  of  the  Kingdom. 

'  But  finding  Things  ftill  fo  carried  as  they  are, 
'  and  as  we  have  before  exprefled,  and  that  while 
c  they  are  Judges  in  their  own  Caufes,  they,  with 
6  that  Party  which  they  make,  will  do  what  they 

*  plcafe,  and  yet  render  it  a  Breach  of  Privilege 
'  to  be  accufed  for  it  ;  we  cannot  but,   upon  all 
'  thefe  Confiderations,  and  for  all  the  Reafons  be- 
'  fore  expreiied,  infifl  upon  it  that  the  Members 
'  charged    may   firft  be  forthwith   fufpendcd  from 
'  fitting  in  the  Houfe  ;  otherwife  we  cannot  expecl 

'  any 



«  any  fair  Proceedings  againft  them  upon  a  more  An- 

*  particular  Charge,  nor  think  there  is  any  Good 

*  intended  to  ourfelves  or  the  Kingdom. 

*  As  to  our  Defires  of  having  the  Army  prefently 

*  paid  up  equally  with  thofe  that'  have  deferted  it, 
«  we  appeal  to  all  Men  for  the  Juftice,  Reafon- 
4  ablenefs,  and  Neceflity  thereof. 

4  The  Juftice  ;  in  that  the  former  Service,  for 

*  which  thefe  Arrears  are  due,  hath  been,  at  leaft, 

*  as  faithfully  and  diligently  performed  by  the  Ar- 

*  my  as  by  thofe  late  Deferters  of  it  ;  and  in  our  pre- 

*  fent  Pofture,  tho'  they  have  appeared  indeed  more 

*  officious  and  ferviceable  to  the  Intereft  and  Will 

*  of  particular  Men  than  we,  yet  we  are  fure  the 
4  Army  is,  and  we  hope  will  at  laft  appear  to  be, 

*  more  faithful  to  the  true  Intereft  of  Parliaments 

*  and  the  Kingdom,  which  we  were  at  firft  called 
c  out  and  engaged  for,  than  they  in  deferting  the 

*  Army  have  hitherto  appeared. 

4  For  the  Reafonablenefs  of  our  Defires  ;  tho* 

*  we  have  Ground   to  claim  more  than  they,  or 
'  rather  that  they,    or  fome  of  them,  flioula  for- 
4  feit  their  Arrears,  yet  we  afk,  for  prefent,  but 
c  equal  ;  nor  fhould  we  at  prefent  infift  on  that  fo 
4  much,  as  to  our  Officers,  if  our  Soldiers  were  but 
4  firft  paid  up.     Our  Neceflity  to  infift  on  that  is 
4  obvious  to  every  Man  ;  and  therefore,  unlefs  we 

*  fliould  betray  our  own  and  the  Kingdom's  Caufe, 
1  we  cannot  but  pofitively  infift  upon  it  that  the 
4  Army  mould  forthwith  be  paid  up,  at  leaft  equal- 
4  ly  to  thofe  Deferters  of  it  ;  which,  if  denied  or 
4  delayed,  we  (hall  be  thereby  inforced  upon  pre- 

*  fent  Ways  of  Remedy  and  Right  to  the  Army 
4  therein. 

*  And  whereas  the  Parliament  hath  lately  or- 
4  dercd  and  publickly  declared,  that  all  that  (hall 
4  defert  the  Army  {hall  have  prefent  Satisfaction  in 
4  their  Arrears,  (the  Officers  three  Months  Pay, 

*  the  Soldiers  all   their  Arrears,  deducting  for  free 
4  Quarter)    which    ftill    continues  unrecalled  ;   we 

*  cannot  but  look  upon  it  as  a  moft  clear  Evidence 
'  of  the  continuing  Malice  and  Prevalence  of  our 

4  and 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

c  and  the  Kingdom's  Enemies.  And  we  muft  and 
4  do  infift  upon  it,  that  that  Order  or  Declaration 
~"tjne  '  may  forthwith  be  publickly  recalled  ;  otherwife 
'  we  cannot  believe  that  any  Thing  but  Ruin  and 
4  Deftru&ion  is  defigned  to  ourfelves  and  all  others 
4  in  the  Kingdom,  who  every  where  call  upon  us 
4  not  to  difband  till  we  fee  the  Rights,  Liberties, 

*  and  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  fettled,  according  to 

*  the   many  Declarations  by   which  we  were   firft 
4  called  forth,   and  invited  to   engage  in  the  late 
4  war. 

'  Next  we  cannot  but  take  Notice,  (inftead  of 
'  granting  or  anfwering  our  Defires  in  the  laft  Pa- 
4  per)  in  order  to  the  better  and  more  fafe  proceed- 

*  ing  to  a  Compofure  and  Settlement  of  all  Things 
4  for  the  Good  and  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  and 

*  for  the  Prevention  of  a  new  War,  the  Army  be- 

*  ing  firft  commanded  to  forty  Miles  Diflance  from 

*  London^  his  Majefty's  Perfon  is  demanded  imme- 
'  diately  to  Richmond  Houfe  within  eight  Miles  of 

*  London-,   which,  as  we  cannot  but  impute  it  to 

*  the  prevailing  Intereft   of  the  fame  Enemies  to 

*  our  and  the  Kingdom's  Peace,  fo  all  Men  may 

*  eafily  difcern,  with  us,  how  directly  it  tends  (in 

*  Purfuance  of  their  former  private  Defigns  upon 

*  the  King  ere  he  came  from  HolJenly)  to  put    his 

*  Majefty  within  Reach   of  thofe   Men's  Power, 
4  who  have  already  under-hand  lifted  about  Lon-> 

*  don  a  very  confiderable  Number  both  of  Horfe 
'  and    Foot,  and   are    daily  lifting  and  engageing 
«  more,  both  there  and  in  many  Parts  of  the  King- 

*  dom,  to  ferve  their  Defigns  j    and  therefore  we 

*  appeal  to  all  unengaged  Men,  whether  we  can 

*  in  this  give  way  to  have  the  King  put  fo  far  with- 
4  in  thofe  Men's  Power,  without  giving  them  the 
4  long-fought-for  Advantage  of  his  Majefty's  Per- 
4  fon  ;  thereby  to  embroil  the  Kingdom  in  a  new 
4  and  bloody  war,   and   to    ftrengthen  themfelve* 

*  in   their  mifchievous  Defigns,  the  better  to  up- 

*  hold  and  eftablifti  their  Faction  and  intended  Do- 
4  mination  j  fo  that,  in  this  Cafe^  we  cannot  but 
4  importune   the  Parliament,   (as  they  tender  the 

«  Peace 

of   ENGLAND.  i$ 

*  Peace  and  Quiet  of  the  Kingdom,  and  the  avoid-  An-  a3  Car.  l« 

*  ino-  of  Jealoufies  or  worfe  Inconveniences  in  the  \_^         ^ 

*  Arlny)  that  they  would  refume  the  Confideration        june. 
«  of  that  Bufmefs   concerning  the   Perfon  of  the 

'  King,  and  not  propofe  any  Place  for  him  nearer 
«  to  London  than  they  would  have  the  Quarters  of 
«  the  Army  to  be. 

*  And  whereas    (by  Procurement  of  the  fame 
'  Perfons,    or   others    of   their   Party)   there  hath 

*  been   fcandalous    Informations  prefented  to  the 
'  Houfes,  and  induftrioufly  publiflied  in  Print,  im- 
'  porting  as  if  his  Majefty  were  kept  as  a  Prifoner 
'  amongft  us,  and  barbaroufly  and  uncivilly  ufed  ; 

*  we  cannot  but  declare  that  the  fame,  and  all  other 
'  Suggeftions  of  that  Sort,  are  moft  falfe  and  fcan- 
«  dalous,  and  abfolutely  contrary,  not  only  to  our 

*  declared    Defires,    but    alfo   to    our    Principles, 
'  which  are  moft  clearly  for  a  general  Right  and 

*  juft  Freedom  to  all  Men  :  And  therefore,  upon 
'  this  Occafion,  we  cannot  but  declare  particular- 

*  ly,  that  we  defire  the  fame  for  the  King  and  others 

*  of  his  Party,   fd  far  as  can  conflft  with  common 
«  Right  or  Freedom,  and  with  the  Security  of  the 
'  fame  for  the  future :  And  we  farther  clearly  pro- 
'  fefs  we  do  not  fee  how  there  can  be  any  firm  or 

*  lafting  Peace  to  this  Kingdom,   without  a  due 
'  Confideration  of  and  Provifion  for  the  Rights, 
«  Quiet,  and  Immunity  of  his  Majefty,  his  Royal 
c  Family,  and  his  late  Partakers ;    and  herein  we 

*  think  that  tender  and  equitable  Dealing,  (as  fup- 
c  pofing  their  Cafes  had  been  ours)  and  a  Spirit  of 
«  common  Love  and  Juftice  diffufing  itfelf  to  the 
c  Good  and  Prefervation  of  all,  will  make  up  the 
'  moft  glorious  Conquefts  over  their  Hearts,  if  God 

*  in  his  Mercy  fee  it  good,  to  make  them  and  the 

*  whole  People  of  the  Land  lafting  Friends. 

'  Now  to  draw  to  a  Conclufton  :  Since  we  can  yet 
'  obtain  no  Satisfaction  or  An  fwer  to  the  Things  de- 

*  fired  as  before,  but,  contrarywife,  find  all  Things 
'  carried  on  by  the  prevailing  Intereft  of  thofe  our 

*  Enemies,  to  the  Prejudice  and  Danger  of  ourfelves 
«  and  the  Kingdom  :  fince,  (notwithftanding  fome 

2  <  Votes 

1 6  *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2_3  car.  I.  e  yotes  ofr  parliament  againft  the  late  Orders   6f 

t  __,  *  the   Committee  of  Safety   for  lifting  of  Forces, 

June.        '  and  notwithftanding  the  earneft  Defires  and  En- 

'  deavours  of  the  City,  concurrent  with  our  own, 

'  to  have  the  fame  prevented  or  remedied,  yet  the 

*  Committee  of  Safety  being  ftill  continued  in   the 
'  fame  Power)  we  find  that,  by  the  Appointment 

*  or  Contrivance,     and    under   the   Protection   or 
'  Countenance,   of  the    fame   Perfons    whom   we 
'  have  charged  and  their  Accomplices,  there   are 
'  ftill  manifold  Practices   under-hand,  to  lift   and 
'  raife  new  Forces  ;   and,  notwithftanding  the  Dif- 

*  covery  thereof  to  the  Parliament  from  the  City, 
c  yet  the  fame  Perfons  have  prevailed  fo  far  in  the 
'  Houfe  as  not  to  admit  the  Queftion  for  difcharging 
'  of  them,    but  the  fame  Practices  ftill  continue, 

*  and  with  double  Diligence  are  inforcedj  fince  alfo 

*  divers   Forces,  pretended  to   have   been  engaged 
'  for  Ireland^  are,  by  the  fame  Perfons,  ordered  to 
'  rendezvous    about    Worcejier,    there  to    lay    the 
'  Foundation  of  a  new  Army  ;  and  to  that  Purpofe 

*  their  Emiflaries   and  Correfpondents  in  all  Coun- 
'  ties  are  bufy  and  active  to  raife  Forces  for  them. 

*  And  though  for  thefe  Things  the  Actors  of  them 
'  have  no  prefent  public  Authority,  yet  they  have 
'  fome  way  fuch  Countenance  and  Allurance  to  be 
'juftified  in  Parliament,  ifqueftioned  for  it,  as  that 

*  they  have  the  Confidence  to  act  openly  :  Since 
'  they    have   likewife   their    Emiflaries    or  Agents 
'  abroad  in  Scotland,  France,  and  other  Countries, 

*  very  active  to  draw  in  foreign  Forces  for  their 
c  Afliftance :    Since,  in  the  mean  Time,  they  are 
'  endeavouring,  by   Spies  and  fecret  Agents  in  all 
'  our  Quarters,  to  inveigle  and  invite  the  Soldiers 
'  of  this  Army  to  defert  their  Officers  and  come  to 

*  London;  and,  for  that  Purpofe,  do  improve  the 
'  Advantage  of  the  Order  or  Declaration  of  Par- 

*  liament  afore -mentioned,  for  Satisfaction  of  Ar- 

*  rears,  to  fuch  as  {hall  defert  the  Army :  And  we 

*  find  they  have  the  public  Purfe  fo  much  at  their 
4  Difpofal,  as  to  make  good  that  and  other  their 

*  Undertakings  of  that  Nature  j  and  yet  fuch  as 

«  have 

of   ENGLAND. 

c  have  fo  deferted  the  Army  and  received  their  Ar- 
rears,  are  not  difcharged  or  difperfed,  but  con- 
tinued  together  in  Bodies,  and  under  Command,. 
in  and  near  the  City,  as  in  particular,  ferns  of 
Sir  Robert  Pye's  Men,  Col.  Greaves's  Capt.  Far- 
mer''s,  and  others  ftill  quartered  upon  Kent: 
Since,  likewife,  they  have  their  Agents  and  Cor- 
refpondents  labouring  with  the'  King  to  make 
Contracts  with  him  to  draw  his  Majefty  to  en-" 
gage  and  declare  for  them,  or  at  leaft  to  declare 
himfelf  a  Prifoner  amongft  us,  thereby  to  ftir 
up  and  engage  his  Party  againft  us  ;  fince,  in  alt 
thefe  Refpects,  we  find  all  dilatory  Ways,  which 
they  induftrioufly  devife,  to  be  deiigned  and 
made  ufe  of  only  to  our  Difadvantage,  Weaken- 
ing, and  Ruin  ;  to  the  Kingdom's  Prejudice,  and 
to  their  own  Advantage,  and  ftrengthening  their 
Defigns  ;  the  better  to  prepare  fora  new  War. 

*  And,  laftly,  confidering  the  Multitudes  of  Re- 
formadoes  and  other  Soldiers  fvvarming  about  the 
City,  whom  the  Perfons  we  have  charged,  and  their 
Accomplices,  have  at  their   Beck  to   bring  up  to 
Wejlminjler  when  they  pleafe ;  and  that,  by  their 
frequent  tumultuous  Confluences  thither  (befet- 
ting  and  fometimes  blocking  up,  the  Parliament's 
Doors,  threatening  and  offering  Violence  to  the 
Perfons    of  the    moft    faithful  Parliament-Men) 
the  juft  Freedom  of  Parliament  feems  to  be  takenr 
away,  or  at  leaft,  for  the  prefent,  abridged  ;    in- 
fomuch  that  thofe  Members  who  have  ferved  the 
Kingdom  hitherto    with   moft  Fakhlulnefs,    Di- 
ligence and  Integrity  for  the  Public  Good,  ma- 
ny of  them  dare  fcarce  come  to  the   Houfdj  or,- 
if  they  do,  they  come  in  Fear  and  Peril  of  their 
Lives ;   and,  when  they  are  there,  are  awed,  dif- 
couraged,  or  difabled  from  difcharging  their  Con- 
fciences,  or  doing  their  Duties  to  the  Kingdom. 

*  Upon  all  thefe  Confiderations,  we  are  clearly 
convinced  and  fatisfied  that  both  cur  Duty  and 
Trmt  for  the  Parliament  and  Kingdom   calis  up- 
on us  and  warrants  us,  and  an  imminent  Necef-; 
fity  (for  our  own  arid  die  Kingdoi'vi's  Safety,  and 

Voi,.  XVI.  li  ''Pre- 

1 8  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2;?  car.  I.  *  Prevention  of  a  new  War)  enforceth  us,  to  make 
t    l64-7-        '  or  admit  of  no  longer  Delays  ;  but,    upon  thofe 

*  Foundations  God  hath  given  us,  with  Vigour  and 

*  Speed  to  endeavour,  in  fome  extraordinary  Way, 

*  the  Vindicating  of  Parliament  Freedom  from  tu- 

*  multuous  Violence,  the  Breaking  of  thofe  Dcfigns 

*  and  Preparations   that  otherv.-ife  threaten  a   pre- 

*  fent  Embroilment  of  the  Kingdom  in  more  Blood 

*  and  War,   and  a  future  perpetual  Enflaving  of  it 
'  under  Faction  and  Tyranny  :  And  fo,  if  God  fee 

*  it  good,  to  put  the  Parliament  into  a  Freedom 

*  and  Capacity,  with  his  Ma]efty's  wifhed  and  hoped 

*  for  Concurrence,  to  fettle  the  Rights,  Liberties, 
'  and  Peace  of  the  Kingdom. 

'  Upon  all  thefe  Grounds,  and  for  all  thefe  Ends 

*  premifed,  wefhall  be  ill  forced  to  take  fuch  Courfes 

*  extraordinary   as   God  (hall   enable  and  direct  us 

*  unto,  to  put  Things  to  a  fpeedy  Ifiue  ;  unlefs,  by 
'  Thitrfday  Night  n-^xt,  we  receive  Aflurance  and 

*  Security   to   ourfelvcs   and   the  Kingdom,    for   a 

*  more  fafe  and  hopeful  Proceeding  in  an  ordinary 
'  Way,  by   having  thofe  Things   granted  which, 

*  in  order  thereunto,  we  have  before  infifted  on ; 
'  and  fhall  here,   for  more  Brevity  and  Clearnefs, 
4  repeat  as  follcweth  : 

1.  '  That  the  Declaration,  inviting  Men  to  de- 

*  fert  the  Army,  and  promifing  their  Arrears  in  cafe 
4  they  do  fo,  may  be  annulled. 

2.  '  That  the  Army  may  be  prefently  paid  up 

*  equally  to  thofe  that  have  deferted  it. 

3.  '  That   his   Majefty's   Coming   to   Richmond 

*  may  be  fufpended  until  Affairs  be  better  fettled 

*  and  compofed  ;  and,  in  the  mean  Time,  no  Place 

*  maybe  appointed  fjrhis  Majefty's  Refidence  that 

*  may  be  any  nearer  to  London  than  the  Parliament 

*  will  allow  the  Quarters  of  the  Army  to  be. 

4.  *  That  the  Members  charged  may  be  forthwith 

*  fufpended  or  fequeftered  the  Houfe. 

5.  c  That  thofe  that  have  deferted  the  Army  may 
'  be  inftantly  discharged  and  difperfed,   and  receive 

*  no  more  of  their  Arrears  till  the  Army  be  firft 
«  fatisfied. 

«  That 

c/*    ENGLAND.  19 

6.   {  That  both  Parliament  and   City   may  be,  An.  23  Car.  I. 
«  fpeedily  and   effeaually,  freed  from  thofe  Multi-     t    l6*7' , 
'  tudes  of  Reformadoes    and  other  Soldiers  before-          ,ne 

*  mentioned,   that  flock  together  about  London,  by 

*  a  fpeedy  Difpatch  and  Difcharging   of  them  from 

*  the  City. 

j.  '  That  all  fuch  Liftings  or  Raifings  of  new 
4  Forces,  or  Drawing  together  of  anv,  as  is  before- 
'  mentioned,  and  all  Preparations  towards  a  new 
'  War,  may  be  effectually  declared  againft  and 
'  fuppreffed  ;  as  alfo  all  Invitations  or  Endeavours 
'  to  draw  in  foreign  forces. 

8.  *  That  the  prefent  perplexed  Affairs  of  the 

*  Kingdom   and   thofe   concerning    the  Army,    as 

<  alfo  all  the  Things  defired  in  our  late  Reprefen- 

<  tation  in  Behalf  of  the  Kingdom,  may  be  put  into 

*  fome  fpeedy  Way  of  Settlement  and  Compofure. 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  J^ar. 

JOHN  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

It  may  be  Matter  of  Surprize  who  were  the  prin- 
cipal Penmen  that  drew  up  and  wrote  all  thefe 
Remonftrances,  &t.  from  the  Army,  fince  they 
are  put  in  much  better  Drefs  and  Form  than  could 
be  expected  from  a  Body  of  Men,  moftly  Mecha- 
nicks,  and  more  ufed  to  the  Sword  than  the  Pen : 
But  Mr.  JVhitlocke  informs  us,  '  That  it  was  Col. 
Ireton  who  was  chiefly  employed  and  t^ok  on  him 
this  Bufmefs  :  That  he  had  been  bred  in  the  Mid- 
dle-Temple, and  had  learned  fome  Grounds  of  the 
Law  ;  and,  being  of  a  working  laborious  Brain 
and  Fancy,  he  fet  himfelf  much  upon  thefe  Af- 
fairs, and  was  therein  encouraged  by  Lieutenant- 
Gcneral  Cromivell,  his  Father-in-Law  ;  znd  by 
Colonel  Lambert,  who  had  likewi  e  fiudied  in  the 
Inns  of  Court,  and  was  alfo  of  a  fubcle  and  work- 
ing Brain.' 

The  fame  Day  that   the  foregoing  Reprefenta- 

tion  from  the  Army  was  prefemed  to  the  Lords,  a 

Letter   from  the  Lord  Montague,  brought  by  Sir 

B  2  Peter 

20  *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  Peter  Killigrnv^  was  alfo  read,  with  ievcral  Papers 
'647-         inclofed. 

June.          For  the  Right  Hon.  ths  Earl  of  M  A  K  c  H  E  s  T  E  R, 
Speaker  of  the  Houje  of  Piers  pro  Tempore. 

My  Ltrtl,  Newmarket^  June  23,  1647. 

Letters  from  the  '   I  Received  your  Letters  Yeileraay  by    Sir  Pftsr 

Comm  fliotK-rs,    '  fi    Killigrew,  who  arrived  here  at  Twelve.     We 

thCeKin*nd'n*      *  forthwith   delivered  the  Letter  from  both  Houfes 

'  to  his  Majefty  ;  who,  having  read  it  in  our  Pre- 

*  fence,  told  us  that  it  was  a  very  fair  and  civil  In- 
'  vitation,    that  he  was  glad  of  it,  and   confirmed 
'  thereby  his   Rcfolution   of  coming   to   Richmond ; 
4  iince  he  found  the  Addrefs,  we  had  made  to  him, 
'  was  according  to  the  Intentions  of  both  Houfes. 

4  We  have  this  Day  fe-nt  Part  of  his  Majefty's 
'  Stuff  from  hence    to  Royfton,    the   King   having- 

*  appointed  to  lodge  there  on  Thurjday  Night,  and 
4  at  Theobalds  on  Friday,  rcfolving  to  march  thence 
4  upon    Saturday   to  Richmond.      Upon  the   Orders 

*  we  difpatched  to  the  Commanders,  on  the  Place, 
'  of  Col.  Rojfiter's  Regiment,  which  were  received 
4  by  Major  TiviJJ^ton^  near  Grant/jam,  upon  Monday 

*  lad,  we  had  the  inclofed  in  Anfwer  from  himfelf ; 

*  whereupon  we  have  written  to  him  to  attend  the 

*  King  at  Roy/ion  upon  Thursday  Night  without  fail, 

*  as  you  may  fee  by  thefe  our  fecond  Orders,  a  Copy 

*  whereof  I  have  here  lent  you  ;  an;J,  bein"  encou- 
*•  rage  j  in  your  Approbation  of  my  Service  to  be  dj.- 
«  ligent  therein,  1  remain 

Your  Lord/hip's  humble  Servant^ 

Major  Tvjijleton  s  Letter  mentioned  in  the  fore- 

For  ike  Right  Hon.  the  COMMITTEE  of  PARLIA- 
MENT at  Newmarket. 

June  21,  1647, 
May  it  pleafe  your  Honours^ 

'  If  Have  received    your  Letter,  with  the  Orders 
'  J    inclofed  from  the  Parliament.     There  is  not 

*  any  Ibali  be  more  obfervant  of  their  Commands 

*  than 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D,  21 

than  myielf;  but  it  is  altogether  impoflible  for  An<  2i  Car« 
me  to  be  with  the  Regiment  at  Newmarket  on  ,  _  *7' 
We  due  j  day  ^  altho'  we  are  npw  upon  our  March,  June, 
and  intend  to  quarter  this  Night  not  far  from 
Grantham.  The  Occafion  of  our  prefent  March 
is,  thar  I  have  received  Orders  from  the  General 
to  march  with  the  Regiment  up  to  the  Army  with 
all  convenient  Speed.  I  humbly  entreat  you  to 
give  Notice  to  the  General  of  the  Parliament's 
Order  concerning  my  Colonel's  Regiment,  that 
we  may  have  Orders  from  him  to  obferve  your 
furiher  Commands.  I  intend  to  march  with  all 
the  Speed  I  can,  and  hope  to  be  with  the  Regi- 
men;: at  Huntingdon  on  Wednefday  about  Noon, 
where  I  {hall  ^e  glad  to  receive  your  further  Orders, 
which  flaall  be  carefully  obferved,  and  punctually 
pbcyed.  by  who  is 

Your  Honour's  mo 

and  faithful  Servant^ 


•  P.  S.  c  I  receive'l  your  Honour's  Letter  about 
'  Eleven  upon  the  Road  not  far  from  Grantbamft 

The  Orders  given  to  Major-General  'Tivijleton  by 
the  Committee  thereupon. 

For  our  loving  Friend  Major  PHILIP  TWISLETON, 
Major  to  Col.  Rofliter's  Regiment  of  Horfe  at 

S  I  R^  Newmarket  ',  June  22,   1647. 

1H  E  King  intends  to  begin  his  Journey  on 
Thurfday^  and   will  be  that  Night  at  Roy- 
Jfon  ;  we   therefore  defire  you,  if  you  cannot  be 
at    Newmarket    on    Wednefday    with    your  Rcji- 
mcnt,  according  to  our  former  Orders,  that  you 

22  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a^  Car.  L  <  do  not  fail  to  be  at  Royfton  on  Thurfday  Night    to 
.  l6*7'    j    '  attend  hio  Majefty  thence  the  next  Day  j  and  we 
June.         '  remain,  ^.^  ^.^  ^.-^ 

J.  COKE. 

which,  with  the      After  reit]jn2;  th.,  forcg0ing  Letters,  the  Lords 

foregoing  Re-  r  .  .  ^      °     .  .       . 

mon  trance,  be-  rcfolved  themielves  into  a  Committee,  to  read  the 
ing  read,  the  Rcprcfentotion  from  the  Army  again;  and  ,the 
Lord. ^fire  his  Houfe  ^-  refumcc!  a  Motion  was  made,  That 

MaKfty  not  to          _  p  •  '     .  _.   .    _  _  .         ,. 

ccme  towards  a  Letter  be  fent  to  his  Majeltjf,  to  dcfire  him  ror 
Richmond.  fome  Time  to  truk,e  a  Sta"  at  Rov/lon,  or  to  go  to 
Newmarket^  as  he  ihall  think  fit,  in  regard  of  fome 
Things  that  are  lately  fallen  out ;  which  being  re- 
folved  in  the  Affirmative,  the  following  Lords  en- 
tered their  DifTcnt  by  fubfcribing  their  Names  : 






The  Speaker  having  prepared  a  Draught  of  a 
Letter  in  rurfuance  of  the  abovefaid  Vote,  and  the 
fame  being  read,  the  Queftion  was  put,  Whether 
to  fend  this  Letter  to  the  King,  or  not  ?  and  it  was 
refolved  in  the  Affirmative.  Agrunft  this  Refolu- 
tion  all  the  foregoing  Peers  entered  their  Diflent  j 
but  their  Reafons  for  it  are  not  given. 

And  orJ-r  Let-       Next  the  Lords  ordered   a  Letter  to  be  written 
ten  to  be  fent     to  the  General  from  both  Houfes,  and  their  Speaker 
according  y.       to  prepare  jt .  wm'cb.  was  done  accordingly  in  b#c 
Verla  : 

S  1  £, 

'  HP*  HE  Lords  and   Commons   have  written  a 

'     J.      Letter  unto  his  Majefty,  to  dcfire  him  that 

'  he  would  be  pleafed  to  ftay  at  Ro\ftont  or  to  re- 

r  «  turn 

^/ENGLAND.  23 

*  tyrn  to  Newmarket  ;  and   they   have  commanded  An.  23  car.  I, 

*  ,us  to  give  you  this  Notice,  and   to  fend  you  here 
.'  inclofcd  a  Copy  thereof.     This  being  all  we  have 

*  in  Command,  we  remain 

Tour  Friends  and  Servants^  &c, 
The  Letter  to  be  fent  to  the  King. 
May  It  pleafe  yo 

*  \7  Our  Majefty's  loyal  Subjeds,  the  Lords  and 
'    \     Commons   in  Parliament  aflembled,   in  rer 

*  fpedl:  of  fome  Occurrences  lately   fallen  out,  dp 

*  humbly  defire  your  Majefty  that  you  would  be 

*  pleafed  to  flay  at   Roy/Ion^  or  to  return  to  New- 
'  market  for  fome  Time  ;  and  they  hope  that  this 
..*  Delay  of  your  Majefty's  Coming  to  your  Houfe 

*  at  Richmond  will  be  no  ways   prejudicial  to  your 
«  Majefty,  or  make  any  Retardment  of  the  prefent 
«  fettling  of  the  Peace  of  your  Kingdoms,  which 
«  is  the  Defire  of 

Your  Majejlys  loyal  Subjefls 

and  bumble  Servant  sy  &c. 

This  Letter  to  the  King  was  ordered  to  be  fent 
under  Cover  to  the  Lord  Montague^  to  be  prefented 
by  his  Lordmip  and  the  reft  of  the  Commiffioners  ; 
and  a  Copy  of  it  was  inclofed  to  them. 

Then  the  foregoing  Vote  of  the  Lords  relating  To  which  tk 
to  the  King,  the  Letter  to  his  Majefty,  and  to  Sir  Comi"ons  a 
Thomas  Fairfax,  being  communicated  to  the  Com- 
mons  for  their  Concurrence,  they  agreed  to  them 
all  immediately. 

The  fame  Day  (June  24)  Aklcrman  Foiuke  and 
others,  from  the  Lord-Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Com- 
mon-Council of  the  City  of  London,  prefented  to 
both  Houfes  Copies  of  two  Letters  which  they  had 
received  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax* 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

fbf    LoRD-M  AYOR,     ALDERMEN,     and    Co  Mr 

MoN-CouNCJL  c/  //;<?  CiVy  of  London. 


iV.  A&atfs,  June  21,   1647, 

.&£/'*  Honourable, 

Letters  from  sir*  * -jr  ^  £  received  yours  of  the  i8th  of  this  In- 
^thTcitLcnsof '  VV  {taut,  whereof  tho'  all  Paflages  are  not 
Lono..n,  enfor-  fo  anfwcrable  to  our  Expectation  as  we  hoped, 
ring  their  late  yet  we  apprehend  the  fame  good  AfFecTion  in  you 

Keir.on.'rancc  to  jf  •          ,   • 

the  Parliament.  '  *°^'ar^s  Ws  ariTiy  as  was  expreiled  in  your  tor- 
4  mer  Letter,  that  (not  from  the  Ailurancc  of 
.'  the  worthy  Gentlemen  your  Commiffioners,  a- 
.*  gain  fcnt  tQ  us,  but  al'o  from  that  Information 
'  we  ha,vc  received  of  your  extraordinary  Endea- 
4  vours  to  procure  Money. for  the  Army,  to  prevent 
6  further  raiding  or  lifting  of  Scldiers,  and  to  pror 
'  cure  thofe  already  lifted  to  be  diflbanded)  fon\c 

*  Perfons    of  your  Militia  only   have    been   active 

*  for  the  raifing  of  them  without  your  Privity  ;  as 

*  likev/ife    from    that    Letter  filled  with    Refpect, 
'  which  y°u  prepared  and  intended  to  fend  to   us ; 

*  but  beino;  fcnt  to  the  parliament,  was   obftrucled 
.*  by  fome   Perfons,  who  labouring   to  embroil  the 
'  Kingdom  in   a  new    War,  would  not   have  the 

*  Forces  already  railed  to  be  difbanded  ;  who   ex- 
.*  cepted   againft  your  Difcovery  to   the  IJoufe  ihat 

*  forne    Perfons  only  of  the  Militia   had  joined  in 
'  the  raifing  of  the   new  Forces  ;    who  alfo  would 

*  prevent  a  right  Undcrftanding  between  your  City 
'  and  this  Army,  knowing   a  firm  Correfpondence 
.*  between   them   would   make    the   Dcfigns   of  all 
'  fuch  Men  hopelefs  :  And  tho'  our  taking  Notice 

*  of  ihde  Things  feejrjs  not  regular,   yet  being    fo 

*  publickly   done,   we  thought  fit   to  mind   you  of 
?  them. 

*  Now,  altho'  the  Confidence  we  have  of  the 
f  real  and  clear  Intentions  of  your  Lordfhip,  and  the 
?  Alderirxen  and  Commons  of  your  City  of  Lon- 
'  eij>;.  to  prijnic.te  the  Peace  of  this  Kingdom  and 
*juil  Defires  of  this  Army  j  alfo  to  prevent  ail 
4  Tendencies  to  anew  War,  or  any  further  Bfo'v! ; 

'  and 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  25 

*  and  therefore  hold  ourfelves  obliged  to  yield  all  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  pofiible  Compliance  to  what  you   defire   of  us  »   ( *     [] , 

x  yet  adding  to  the  former  Grounds  the  many  In-        junc> 

formations  which   daily  come'to  us  of  the  conti- 
nued under-hand  Workings  of  fome  Perfons  ftill 

*  to  lift   Men,  that  divers  '-•  gents  are  fent  into  fer 
'  veral   Parts   of  the  Kingdom  to  levy  Forces,  and 

*  Worcefter  the  Place  appointed   for  a  general  Ren- 
'  dezvous,    whither    the   Troops   defigned    for   Ire- 
1  land,  that  were  Part  of  this  Army,  are,  by  fome 
'  of   the    Committee    at    Derby-koufe,    ordered    to 
4  inarch ;    and    feveral   of    thofe    Companies    that 

*  went  from    us   for  the  Service  of  Ireland  having 

*  it   intimated  to  them,   and,  by  divers  Carriages, 
•'  perceiving  they  were  intended  as  a  Foundation  for 
*N  a  new  Army,  and  of  a  ne\V  War,  they  fo  much  ab- 

*  horred  the  Thoughts  of  it,  as  both  the  Officers  and 
e  Soldiers  of  divers  Companies  are  of  late  entirely 
4  returned  to  the  Army;  Hkewife  that  no  Means  is 

*  left  unattempted  to  bring  in  Forces  from  Ireland, 

*  France  and   Scotland,    againft   the  Peace    of   this 
4  poor  Kingdom  :    We,  upon   the  whole   Matter, 
'  offer  to  your  and  all  Men's  Confideration,  \vhe- 

*  thcr   with    your,  our,  or   the  Public  Safety,  we 

*  can  remove  further  backwards,  until,   upon  your 
'  and  our  joint  Endeavours   with  the  Parliament, 
4  thofe  Things   of  immediate  and   preffing  Necef- 
4  fity  be    provided  for,  which   we,   defired   in    oijr 
'Paper  laft  given  in  to   the  Parliament's  Comrnif- 

*  fioners,  in   order  to  the  better  Proceeding  upon 
c  the  Heads  of  the  Reprefentation  and  Charge  with 
'  more  Hopes  of  Safety,  and  of  a  timely  and  happy 
•*  Iflue  to  ourfelves  and  the  Kingdom,  viz. 

'  That  the  Perfons  impeached  by  us  may  not 
4  continue  in  Power  and  Capacity  to  obftrucl  due 
'  Proceedings  agninft  themfelves,  and,  by  their  own 
'  Efcape  from  Juftice,  to  threaten  Ruin  to  the  whole 
'  Nation. 

'  That  all  Forces  lately  raifed  or  lifted,  in  or 
4  about  the  City,  may  be  forthwith  difcharged,  ex- 
4  cept  the  ufual  Number  of  Train'd  Bands  and 

*  Auxiliaries  j  and  that  all  Endeavours,  publicldy 


26  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.An.  2^  Or.  I.  <  Or  privately,  to  raife  any  further  Forces,  may  ceafe 
4  and  be  fupprefs'd  :  And  that  the  fame  Meafure 
4  may  be  allowed  to  this  Army,  in  paying  them  up 
4  to  the  fame  Foot  of  Account  as  is  already  given 
4  to  thofe  who  have  deferted  the  fame. 

4  And  for  the  Things  exprefled  in  our  Repre- 

*  fentation,  though   of   weighty    Importance,    yet, 

*  becaufe  they  will  require  much   Time,  they  {hall 

*  be   no   Occafion  to   impede  our  Remove  ;    and, 
4  in  the  mean    Time,  both   by  Proclamation  from 

*  his  Excellency,  and  all  other  Ways,  we  (hall  en- 

*  deavour  that  the  accuftomed  Supplies  to  your  City 
4  may  be  fpeedily  fent  up. 

4  To  conclude  :  We  fay  from  our  Hearts,  That 

*  as  our  fpecial  Ends  are  the  Glory  of  God   and 
c  the  Good  of  the  whole  Land,  fo  our  Endeavours 

*  (hall  be  to  profecute  the  fame,  without  Prejudice 
'  to  the  Being  or  Well-being  of  the  Parliament  in 

*  general,  the  Maintenance  whereof  we  value  a- 

*  bove  all  our  own  Lives,  as  we  have  formerly  faid 

*  of   this  Parliament  in  particular,  but  altogether 

*  in  order  to  the  Good  and   Peace  of  this  Nation, 

*  and  with  a  moft  tender  Regard  to  your  City  ;  to 

*  which  we  profefs  we  {hall,  by  all  Actions,  make 

*  good   all   Engagements   tending  to   the   Security 
c  thereof,    in   what  Way    yourfelves    {hall    defire, 

*  confuting  with  the  Good  of  the  whole  Kingdom, 

*  you  making  good   your  mutual   Correfpondence 

*  with  us,  and  not  doing  any  Thing  to  our  Preju- 

*  dice,  in  the  Profecution  of  our  juft  Defires  and 

*  Endeavours.' 

June  22,   1647. 

P.  S.   4  We  hear,  even  now,  ilnce  the  writing 

*  of  this  Letter,  that  Ycjlerday  divers  of  the  Re- 

*  formadoes    came  again  in  a  threatening  Manner 

*  to  Weftminfier^   the  Houfe  of  Commons   then  fit- 

*  ting,   to  the   great   Afirightment  and  Terror  of 
'  divers  faithful  Members   then  prefent,  and  to  the 
4  Difcouragement  of  others  from  their  Attendance 

*  there  ;  fo  that  we  cannot  but  perceive  that  the 

*  Freedom  of  this  Parliament  js  no  longer ;   that 

.-.L-'irs    who    fiiaJl,  .according    to  their, 
<  Con- 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  27 

Confcience,    endeavour  to  prevent  a  fecond  War,  An-  *3.  Car- 
and   aft   contrary  to  their  Ways,  who  for  their  t      *  47' 
own  Prefervation  intend   it,  muft  do  it   with  the         june. 
Hazard  of  their  Lives  ;  which  is  a  Thing  indeed 
to  deftruclive  to  Parliaments  and  Freedom,  that 
we  conceive  ourfelves   in  Duty  bound   to  endea- 
vour, to  the  utmoft,  to  procure  Redrefs  therein. 
By  ihf  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax,  and  the  Council  of  War. 

JO.  RUSHWORTH,  -Secretary. 

For  Alderman  WARNER,  and -the  reft  of 'the  Honour*  , 

able   Committee,  fent  from  the   City  of  London  to 
the  Army. 

Gentlemen,  St.  Allan's,  June  23,  ,1647. 

*  \\  I  ^  defire,   to  the  end  we  may  keep  a  right 

*  W     Underftanding  with   the  City  of  London, 

*  that  fome  cf  your  Number  may  continually  re- 

*  fide  with  us  in  the  Head  Quarters,   until  it  fhall 

*  pleaie  Ood  to  put  an  End  to  the  prefent  Diftrac- 
c  tions.     I  fhall,  as  I  told  you,   remove  my  Head 

*  Quarters  to  Berkhamftefld,  expecting  to  hear  from 

*  you  To-morrow  Night ;  being  refolved  to  order 

*  my  Affairs  the  next  Morning,   as  I  may  not  pre- 

*  judice   a  Bufmefs  of  fuch   Concernment  to  the 
e  Kingdom  by  the  Lofs  of  a  Day. 

Your  offered  loving  Friend, 


The  Anfwer  given,  in  the  Name  of  both  Houfes,  which  being 
by  their  refpe&ive  Speakers,  was  to  this  Effect,  read  in  both 
1  That  thev  took  well  this  RefpecT:  of  the  City  in  H°uj«'  ^ 

.     '  •  i       /^  i  >     T  inii  Pa"  leveralVotes 

communicating  the  General  s  Letters  ;    and  fhould  jn  favour  ^  the 
leave  them   freely  to   their  own   Liberty   to  fend  Army, 
down  what  Committee  they  fhall  think  fit  to  the 
Army  :'    That   they   have  voted,    '  That  if   any 
Forces   be  lifted  by  the  Committee  of  Lords  and 
Commons,  and   Committee  of  the  Militia,  or  of 
the  Committee  of  Safety,    that  they  be  difcharged  : 
And,   as  to  the  Reformadoes  and  Soldiers  about 


2  8  The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  R  v 

An.  23  Car.  I.  the  Town,  the   Houfes  have  put  the  Bufmefs  info 

t     *  47'       (  fuch    a  Way   as    they,    in    their   Wifdoms,  have 

June.          thought    fit :    And   that    they  return  the  Citizens 

Thanks  for  their  good  Affections  exprefled  upon  all 


'June  25.  The  Lords  ordered  an  Ordinance  to 
be  drawn  up  for  fending  all  Perfons  out  of  the 
Lines  of  Communication  who  had  ever  borne  Arms 
againft  the  Parliament ;  which,  after  being  read 
thrice  and  put  to  the  Queftion,  pafled  that  Houfe  ; 
the  Lord  Hundfen,  only,  entering  his  Difient  againft 

Next,  the  Lords  took  into  Confideration  the  De- 
fire  of  the  City,  in  regard  to  the  Reformado  Officers  ; 
and  ordered  fome  Lords  to  prepare  an  Ordinance 
to  appoint  a  Day  when  they  fhould  depart  the  Town, 
after  their  being  paid  off,  and  fome  Diftinction  to  be 
made  amongft  them.  This  alfo  being  put  to  the  Que- 
ftion, it  was  carried  in  the  Affirmative,  the  Earl  of 
Stamford,  only,  dificnting. 

Votes  of  the  There  had  been   great  Debates  in  the  Houfe  of 

Commons  re-     Commons  for    feveral    Days    together,    about  the 

Jatmg  to  the  ele-  _,  •  '  Vi      L         i  *  / 

ven  Members      Army  s  Charge  agamit  the  eleven  Members. 

charged  by  the     They  had  wrote  to   the  General    to  inform  him, 
Army.  That  what    fhould  be  particularly   charged  againft 

their  Members,  with  Teftimony  of  Witnefles, 
fhould  be  received  ;  and  the  Houfe  would  proceed 
in  a  legal  Way  therein.  On  the  25th,  after  De- 
bate, they  voted,  *  That,  by  the  Law  of  the  Land, 
no  Judgment  could  be  given  to  fufpend  thofe  Mem- 
bers from  fitting  in  the  Houfe  upon  the  Papers  pre- 
fented  from  the  Army,  before  the  Particulars  be 
produced  and  Proof  made  ;  and  that  it  did  not  ap- 
pear that  any  Thing  had  been  faid  or  done  in  the 
Houfe  by  any  of  thofe  Members,  touching  any 
Matters  in  the  Papers  fent  from  the  Army,  for 
which  the  Houfe  could  in  Juftice  fufpend  them.' 
But,  on  the  26th,  upon  the  Army's  Advance 
nearer  to  London,  which  they  gave  out  was  not  to 
over-awe  the  Parliament  or  the  City,  but  only 


o/*ENGLAND.  29 

to  fee  that  the  Members  charged  by  them  fhould    An.  *;  Car.  I. 

be  fufpencled  the  Hcufe  ;  and  that  then  they  would  . y    '    v 

give  in  a  more  particular  Charge,  with  the  Proofs  june. 
to  make  it  good  againft  them,  the  Commons  had 
no  other  Way  left,  to  fcve  their  own  Honour,  than 
to  fufrer  thefe  impeached  Members,  at  their  own 
Pefires,  to  leave  the  Houfe,  and  thereby  efcape  their 

It  is  reirark:\ble  that  the  very  Day  thefe  Members 
withdrew,  a  Queftion  for  proceeding  immediately 
upon  the  DC  fires  of  the  Army  was  carried  by  a  Ma- 
jority of  53  againft  27  :  And  the  next  Day  another 
Queftion  in  favour  of  the  Army  parted  by  121  againft 
85.     Which  fully  juftifies  an  Obfervation  made  by 
Mr.  Ludlow  (/;,  '  That  the  great  End  of  this 
Charge  of  Treafon  being  rather  to  keep  thefe  Mem- 
bers from  ufmg  their  Power  with   the  Parliament, 
in  Oppofition  to  the  Proceedings  of  the  Army,  than 
from  any  Defign  to  proceed  capitally  againft  them, 
they  refolved  rather  to  withdraw  themfelves  volun- 
tarily than  to  put  the  Parliament  or  Army  to  any 
further  Trouble,  or  their  Perfons  to  any  more  Ha-> 
zard.     By  thefe  Means  the  Army,  in  which  there 
were  too  many  who  had  no  other  Defign  but  the 
Advancement  of  themfelves,  having  made  the  Par- 
liament, the  Scots,  and  the  City  of  London,  their 
Enemies,    thought  it  convenient  to  enlarge  their 
Conceffions  to  the  King;  giving  his  Chaplains  Leave 
to  come  to  him,  and  to  officiate  in  their  Way, 
which  had  been  denied  before.' 

To  return  to  our  Journals. 

June  26.  It  being  moved  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords 
to  take  the  Demands  of  the  Army,  in  their  laft  Re- 
monftrance,  into  Confideration ;  after  fome  Time 
fpent  therein,  a  Menage  came  up  from  the  Houfe  of 
Commons,  deliring  Concurrence  to  an  Order  for 
giving  further  Power  to  their  Commiflioners  ren- 
ding in  the  Army.  The  Queftion  being  put,  Whe- 
ther to  agree  to  this  Order,  as  it  came  from  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  it  pafled  in  the  Affirmative, 
(/)  Mamin,  Vol.  I.  p,  197,  8,  9. 


30  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  the   following  Lords   fubfcribing  their   Names   ajf 

C_ ll4!—;  Anting, 





An  Order  for  The  Order  was  in  thefe  Words  : 
powJr  tothT  '  Ordered,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons,  fcfV.That 
parliament's  the  Commiffioners  appointed  to  refide  with  the 
Army  fhall  have  Power  to  treat  and  debate  with 
the  General,  and  fuch  of  the  Army  as  he  (hall 
appoint,  in  fuch  Manner  as  they  (hall  think  beft, 
upon  the  Papers  and  Defires  fent  from  the  Army 
to  both  Houfes,  and  the  Votes  fent  to  them  ;  and  to 
Jet  them  know,  from  Time  to  Time,  the  Re- 
fuk  of  their  Debates  for  their  Confideration,  that 
a  Conclufion  thereupon  may  be  more  fpeedily  ef- 

The  fame  Day  the  following  Letters  \vere  read 
in  the  Houfe  of  Lords :  And  rirft, 

A  LETTER  from  -the  Commiffioners  with  the  Army  it 
ibc  Earl  of  Mancheftcr, 

Berkhamftead,  June  25,   1647, 

Three  c  Clock,  p&Ji  Merid. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lord/hip, 

c  TT  HIS  Morning  the  General  acquainted  us 
General,  relating  c     A     that  the  Army  intended  to  be  this  Night  at 
'0"3   '  Uxf>r^Se-     We  defired  to  know  the  Reafon  there- 
4  of,  and  endeavoured  to  prevent  it.     The  General 
«  hath  juft  now  given  us    this  Account  inclofed, 
4  which  I  thought  it  my  Duty  immediately  to  tranf- 
*  mit  to  your  Lordfhip  3  and  reft 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lordjhip's  humble  Servant, 



of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  31 

t,  General  Fairfax's  Letter  referred  to  in  the  An-  23  Car.  i. 
ir         •  J  1647. 

Foregoing.  t  , 

Berkbamjiead>  June  25,  1647.         June' 
My  Lords  and  Gentlemen^ 

N  Anfvver  to  your  Defire  of  a  Reafon  for  the 
Army's  Motion  this  Day>  we  thought  fit  to  let 
ou  know  that  our  Quarters  are  more  contracted, 
ut  not  nearer  London   than  before,  viz.  at  Wat- 
Uxbridge^  and  the  Towns  about  it^  where 


we  wait  for  an  Anfwer  to  our  juft  Demands  pre- 
fented  to  the  Parliament.  We  have  often  faid, 
we  cannot  ftand  as  Lookers  on,  and  fee  the 
Kingdom  ruined  by  the  Obftru&ion  and  Denial 
of  Juftice  ;  and  therefore  we  defire  you  to  move 
the  Parliament  that  we  may  not  be  held  ftill 
in  Doubts  and  upon  Difputes  of  their  Commands, 
to  which  we  fhall  yield  ready  Obedience  when 
we  fee  the  Kingdom  in  a  Poflibility  of  Settle- 
ment ;  which  we  conceive  cannot  be,  unlefs  that 
the  Fountain  of  Juftice  be  delivered  from  thofe  that 
corrupt  it.' 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War. 


Then  a  Letter  from  the  Commiilioners  with  the 

For  the  Right  Hon.    the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tempore. 

My  Lord,  Royjlon,  June  15,  1647. 

*  V\7  E    received    yours    this    Morning   at    Six 
'     VV     o'Clock,    and  have   delivered  the   Letter 

*  from  both  Houfes  to  the  King  accordingly  :  His 

*  Majefty,  though  much  prefled    to  the  contrary, 

*  was  fully  refolved  upon  his  Journey  to  Richmond; 
c  and  had  given  Orders  for  his  dining  at  Ware, 
'  whither  the  Provifion  of  his  Houfe  was  gone  be- 

*  fore ;  but  he  hath  now  pleafed  to  let  us  know 

*  that  he  will  ftay  here  this  Day,  and  that  we  mall 

*  under- 

3  2  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  »3  c»r.  I.  <  underftand  his  further  Pleafure  hereafter.     Co!. 

L  ^  '  Rojfiter's    Regiment  is  upon   their  March  to   the 

June.        *  Army  by  the  General's  Orders  ;  and  Col.  IVbaley 

*  commands  the  fame  Guards  here  which  attended 
'  at  Newmarket :  This  is  all  I  have  to  return  to  you 

*  at  prefent,  remaining, 

My  Lcrdy 

Tour  mojl  humble  Servant, 


Laftly,  a  Letter  from  the  Commiilioners  with  the 

Uxbridge^  June  26,   1647. 
Two  in  the  Afternoon. 

May  it  phafe  your  Lordjhip, 

*  \\J  E  came  hither  laft  Night,  where  we  found 
'    VV    the  General  with  three  Regiments  of  Foot, 
'  the  Train  of  Artillery,  and  fome  Horfe  ;  four  Re- 

*  giments  of  Foot  more  being  quartered  at  lVatfordy 

*  three  at   Colebrook,  and  moft   Part  of  the  Horfe1 
'  behind  and  on  the  Sides  of  the  Foot ;  and  that,  by 
'  Order,  the  Soldiers  came  provided  with  four  Days 
'  Viduals. 

*  This  Morning  Sir  Thomas  JViddrington  and  Mr. 
'  Povey  came  to  us  very  early,  and  brought  us  the 
'  Votes  of  the  Houfes  that  paffed  Yefterday  con- 
'  cerning  the  Members  charged  by  the  Army. 

*  We  having  fome  Intimation   that  the  Army  was 
'  to  march    this  Morning,    went  jnftantly   to  the 
'  General,    and   communicated   thefe    Votes,    and 
'  fuch  other  Proceedings  of  the  Houfes   as  came 

*  to  our  Knowledge  in  relation  to  the  Army,  the 
'  better   to    let   them   fee   the  Inclinations  of  the 

*  Houfes    towards    the    Army's    Satisfaction ;    and 

*  did  defire  that  nothing  might  arife  from  them  that 

*  might  difturb   the  Houfes  or  their  Councils,  or 

*  minifter  further  occafion  of  Jealoufy,  which  w£ 

*  told  them   we  very  much  fear'd   the  Army's  mcv- 

*  ving  nearer  London  would  doj  a  Report  of  which 

«  had 

'^/ENGLAND.  33 

'  had  lately  come  to  us,  the  Certainty  whereof  we  An-  *3  Car- 
'  deflred  to  know,  and  what  their  Intentions  were  •  t  .' 
'  therein,  and  of  their  Removing.     We  then  un-         juae< 

*  clerftood   from  the  General  and  his  Officers  that, 
1  at  Twelve  laft  Night,  Orders  were  given,  upon 
'  Confideration  that  the  whole  Body  of  t-  e  Foot 

*  were    fo    clofely   contracted,    that  the  Quarters 

*  fhould  be   enlarged  every  Way,  as  well  towards 
«  London  as  otherwife,  for  the  mutual  Eafe  of  the 
1  Country  and  Soldiery.     Againft  this  Refolution 
'  we   immediately  declared   our    Objections,    and 
'  very  'earneftly  expoftulated  the  Bufmefs  with   the 
'  General  and  Officers,  as  that  which,  according 
'  to  our  Apprehenfions,  would  minifter  Jealoufies 
'  and  Difcontent  to  the  Houfes,  and  obftruct  the 
'  Compofure  of   Things,    which  we   found    your 
'  Inclinations  and  Actions  leading  unto.    In  Reply 

*  to  which,  the  General  and  Officers  prayed  us  to 
'  reprefent,    that  though,  in  their  Proceedings  in 

*  this  Bufinefs,   they  might  have  been  neceffit.ited 

*  to  fome  Actions  of  this  Nature,  that  might  carry 
'  in  the  Face  of  them  Occafion  of  Jealouly,  yet  in 

*  Truth  they  were  done  for  the  Eafe  of  the  Country 

*  and  Soldiers  ;  and   they  did  alfo  defire   that  this 

*  Action   might  be  fo  looked  upon  by  the  Parlia- 

*  ment :  But  withal,  in  this  Conference,  we  fo  far 

*  prevailed    with    the   General   and  Officers,  that 
'  though  the  Quarter-Mafters   were  gone  before, 

*  and  fome  Regiments   were  on  their  March  to- 

*  Wards  Harro^v  on  the  Hill,  and  other  Places  there- 

*  abouts,  the  Orders  were    immediately  counter- 
'  manded,  and  new  Quarters  affigned  them,  with 
'  this  Declaration,  That  none  of  them  are  appoint- 

*  ed  to  be  nearer  London  than  15  Miles. 

'  In  this  Debate,  we  labouring  to  pofTefs  them 
'  with  our  good  Intentions  for  their  Satisfaction, 

*  and  to  draw  them  to  a  Certainty  that  their  Re-> 

*  moval  from  hence  may  be  at  a  further  Diftance 

*  from  London^  they  made  this  Anfwer,  That  there 

*  were  fome  Things   unrefolved  by  the    Houfes, 
•contained  in  their  late  Remonftrance,  that  were 

VOL.  XVI.  C  *  of 

j4  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY* 

An.  23  Car.  I.  <  of  immediate  and  abfolute  Necefllty  to  the  Being 

^j   '  of  the  Army,  viz.  the  firft  Article  concerning  the 

~~  June.         '  recalling  of  the   Declaration   inviting   Men   to 

'  defert  their  Army.    The  fecond,  for  equal  Pay  for 

«  for  the  Army  with  thofe  that  have  deferted  it.   And 

'  the  fifth  Article,  for  difcharging  and  difperfmg  of 

*  fuch  as   have  deferted  this  Army  ;  in  which,  if 

*  they  may  receive  the  Houfes  Pleafure  fpeedily, 

*  they  give  us  Hope  of  a  certain  Anfwer  touching 

*  the  Motion  of  the  Army  to  a  further  Diftance 
«  from  London.     Thefe  Things  I  thought   fit  to 

*  acquaint  your  Lordfhip  with,  finding  the  Army's 

*  Expectations  to  be  very  great  upon  the  Refolu- 
'  tions  of  Parliament  this  Day  to  be  taken.     The 
'  General  told  us  that  the  King  was  unwilling  to 

*  go  back  to  Newmarket,  and  that  he  would  be  this 
«  Night  at  Hatfield.     Thus  I  reft, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lordjhip's  mojl  bumble^ 
and  faithful  Servant, 


After  reading  thefe  Letters,  the  Lords  ordered 
all  private  Bufinefs  to  be  put  off  for  ten  Days. 

June  28.  Several  more  Letters  were  read,  ad- 
dreffed,  as  ufual,  to  the  Earl  of  Manchejler,  Speaker 
of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro  Tcmpore  :  And  firft, 

A  Letter  from  the  Lord  Montage. 

My  Lord,  Hatfield,  June  27,  1647. 

Others  concern- '  HP  HE  King  marched  hither  Yefterday,  being 
ing  the  King's  <  X  not  willing  to  ftay  at  Royjlon,  or  to  return) 
Sadmined  *  to  Newmarket.  The  Duke  of  Richmond  came 
|»  attend  him.  '  to  his  Majefty  laft  Night;  others  in  like  Con- 
«  dition  are  here  -,  Dr.  Shtlden  and  Dr.  Hammond 


of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  3$ 

*  followed  from  Royjlcn^  and  the  latter  preached  be-  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  fore  the  King  this  Morning;  which  Account  is     t    '  ^7'    f 
«  all  I  can  give  you,  remaining        '  junCf    ' 

Tiwr  Lordjbip's  bumble  Servant, 


Next,  a  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Nottingham^ 
imd  the  Lord  f^harton^  with  a  Paper  inclofed  from 
the  General  and  his  Council  of  War* 

Uxlritlgf,  June  27,  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  LordJJnp^ 
4  "~IP  HE  Letters  fent  laft  Night,  with  the  Votes  And  the  Negoti 

*  X     inclofed,  we  have  communicated  this  Morn-  atiot!S  between 

*  ing  to  the  General,  and  defired  him  to  put  the  ^mriffumcrt 

*  Bufinefs  of  the  Treaty  into  a  fpeedy  Way ;  which  and  the  Army, 

*  he  promifed  to  confider  of  with  his  Council  of 
«  War. 

*  This  Afternoon  the  General  fent  us,  by  Com- 
c  miuary-General  Jreton,  and  fome  others  of  h^s 

*  Officers,  this  inclofed,  in  Anfwer  to  our  Defires, 

*  Yefterday,  to  know  what  Things  they  defired  to 

*  have  granted  before  the  Army  drew  back  ;  upon 

*  Perufal  of  which  we  told  them,  That  there  were 

*  fome  Things   expreffed  in  the  Paper  which   the 
1  Houfes   had   already  granted.      To  which  they 

*  gave  us  this  Reply,  That  the  Heads  of  this  were 
4  refolved  at  a  Council  of  War,  before  your  laft 

*  Refolutions  came  to  their  Knowledge  ;  that  the 
'  Council  of  War  had  not  fince  met ;  and  therefore 

*  the  Paper  might  contain  fome  Things  that  the 

*  Houfes  had  already  anfwered. 

*  And,  upon  Conference,  they  did  difcover  thus 
'  much  of  their  Intentions  touching  their  Remove, 

*  that  they  intended  to  make  Reading  their  Head- 

*  Quarters,  and  that  the  Body  of  the  Army  {hould 

*  lie  behind  and  on  the  Sides  of  Reading ;  but  that 
4  to  be  their  neareft  Quarters  towards  London. 

1  We  conceive  that  the  Treaty  is  little  likely  to 

*  advance  while  the  Army  remains  here  ;  therefore 

C  2  *  your 

36  ?/jf  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  c  yOUr  fpeccjy  Refolutions  as  to  thefe  Things  coru- 

..      l6*7'         *  tained  in  the  inclofed  Paper,  will  fpeed  both  the 

June.        '  Remove  of  the  Army  from  hence,  and  draw  on 

*  the  Treaty ;  in  which,  when  Things  are  ready 

*  for  it,  we  (hall  ferve  you  with  all  Diligence  and 
'  Fidelity  to  the  utmoft  of  our  Power  and  Intereft, 
«  as  befit, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lor  djhi ps  faithful 
and  bumble  Servants, 


The  Paper  Inclofed  in  the  above,  was  intituled, 

jf  DECLARATION  of  the  ARMY,  upon  the  Parlia- 
ment's Commiffioners  Defire  to  know  what  they 
would  have  *. 

*  TTTHereas    the  Right    Honourable    the   Com- 
e   W    miflioners   of  Parliament  have  defired    to 
c  know  from  us  what  Things  we  do  defire  to  be 
e  granted  before  the  drawing  back  the  Quarters  of 

*  the   Army  to  a  further  Diftance  from  London, 

*  upon  the    granting  whereof  we  will  engage  to 
'  draw  back  :  We  do,  in  Anfwer  thereunto,  pro- 

*  pofe   thefe  Particulars  following,  as  what  are  of 
'  prelent  Neccffity  to  us,  and  we  do  defire  at  pre- 
'  lent  to  be  granted,  in  order  to  the  Army's  and 

*  Kingdom's   prefent  Safety  in  the  further  Debate, 
c  Tranfa£Hon,  and  Settlement  of  thofeotherThings 

*  contained  in  our  former  Papers  and  Reprefenta- 
'  tions,    which   will  require  and  may   admit  more 
'  Time  ;  upon  the  granting  of  which  Things  we 
c  (hall  willingly  draw  back  as  is  defired,  to  have 

*  thole  other  Matters  debated   and  tranfa&ed  at  a 
'  further  Diftance  with  Deliberation,  anfwerable  to 
'  the  Nature  and  Weight  of  them. 

I.  *  That  the  Parliament  would   be  plecifed  to 
c  recall  the  Declaration,  inviting  Men  to  defert  the 
*  Omitted  in  R.  594. 

«  Army, 

tf  E  N  G  I  A  NP,  37 

*  Army,  and  prQmifmg  their  Arrears  in  cafe  they  Aa-  *3  Car.  I. 
'  fo  do  j  and  to  declare  for  the  future,  That  who-     L  *  *7-l*v 

'  foever  {hall  dcfcrt  their  Colours  and  Charge  in  the        '  j'iw, 
'  Army,  without  the  General's  particular  Licenfe 
«  and  Difcharge,  ftiall  not  have  any  of  their  Arrears 

*  paid  them. 

2.  c  That  the  Army  may  be   paid  up  equally 

*  with  thofe  that  have  deferted.     Tkis   we  dcfirc 
f  may    be  immediately  granted  or  refolved  before 
'  we  draw  back,  and  to  be  performed  at  leaft  to  the 

*  private  Soldiers  fully,  and  in  part  to  the  Officers, 
'  with  all  convenient  Speed. 

3.  *  That  thofe   that  have  'deferted  the  Army, 
4  may  be  inftandy  difcha.rged    and  tiifperfed,  and 
'  receive  no  more  of  their  Arrears  till  the  Army  be 

*  firft  fatisfied. 

4.  *  That  both  the  Parliament  and  City  may.  bo 
'  fpeedily  and  effectually  freed  from  the  Multitudes 

*  of  Reformadoes,  and  other  Soldiers  before  men- 

*  tioned,  that  flock  together  in  and  about  London^  by 
4  a  fpeedy  Difpatch  and  Difcharging  of  them  from 

*  the  City. 

5.  *  That  all  fuch  Liftings  and  Raifmgs  of  new 

*  Forces,  or  Drawing  together  of  any,  as  in  our 
'  Remonftrances  and  Papers  are  cxprefled,  and  all 
'  Preparations  towards  a  new  War,  may  be  effec- 
'  tually  declared  againft  and    fupprefled  ;  and   alfo 
'  all  Endeavours  and  Invitations  to  draw  in  foreign 
'  Forces,    either  from    Scotland,    or  other  foreign. 

*  Parts. 

6.  c  That  the  Continuance  of  the  Army  in  the 
'  Pay   of   the    State   for  fome    competent   Time, 
'  while  the  Maters  in  Debate,  relating  both  to  tbc 
'  Army  and  the  Kingdom,  may  be  concluded  anJ 
'  fettled,    be   at   prcfent  ordered   and,  declared  for 
'  before  our  drawing  back  ;  and  the  fa,rne,  with  all 

*  Speed,  efFeclually  to  be  put  in  an  eft^bli^hed  Way, 

*  that  the  Army  may  be  enabled  to  pay  Quarter,-,, 

*  for  the  Eafe   of  the  Country  where  it  mult  lye, 
'  and  the  Soldiery  better  kept   from  Abufc  to   the 

*  Country,  and  reduced   to  that  good  Order  and 

*  Difcinline  which  has  been  formerly  happily  kept 

C  3  *  in 

3  8  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  in  this  Country;  though  of  late,  through  Want 
1647-         «  of  Pay  and  other  juft  Diicontents,  with  the  late 
c  Provocations    put  upon  them,    unhappily   inter- 
'  rupted. 

j.  c  That,  during  the  fame  Srace,  the  Parlia- 
'  ment  would  refolve  not  to  propofe  any  Place  for 

*  his  Majefty's  Refidence  nearer  London  than   they 
'  will  allow  the  Quarters  of  the  Army  to  be. 

*  Now,  for  our  former  Defire  of  a  prefent  Suf- 
e  pending  the  impeached  Members  from  fitting  in 
«  the  Houfe : 

1.  '  Whereas  we  undcrftand  the  Houfe  hath  vo- 

*  ted,  That  it  doth  not  appear  that  any  Thing  hath 
'  been  faid,  or  done,  by  the  eleven  Members,  with- 
'  in  the  Houfe,  touching  any  Matter  contained  in 

*  the  Papers  from  the  Army, "for  which  the  Houfe 
'  can  in  Juftice  fufpend  them ;  though  if  Way  were 

*  given  and  opened,  without  Breach  of  Privilege, 

*  for  us  to  charge  them  with,  and  for  others  to  be 
6  examined  freely  to  teftify   unto  fuch  Things,  we 

*  {hould  not  doubt  to  make  fuch  Proceedings  and 
'  Practices  of  theirs   in  the  Houfe  to   appear,  for 

*  which,  according  to  former  Precedents,  they  juftly 

*  might  and  ought  to  be  fufpended  ;  yet  we  are  fo 
'  tender  of  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,   as  that 

*  we  (hall,  at  prefent,  forbear  to  reply  or  prefs  fur- 
'  ther  upon  that  Point,  for  the  Houfes  Proceed- 
'  ings  therein  upon  their  own  Cognizance. 

2.  '  Whereas    the    Houfe   of    Commons   hath 
'  voted,  That,  by  the  Laws  of  the  Land,  no  Judg- 
'  ment  can   be  given  to  fufpend  thofe   Members 
'  from  fitting  in  the  Houfe,  upon  the  Papers  pre- 

*  fented  by  the  Army,  before  Particulars  produced 

*  and  Proofs  made ;  though  we  think  good  Reafons 

*  may  be  given,  and  Precedents  found,  to  the  con- 

*  trary,  even  in  the  Proceedings  of  this  Parliament, 
'  (as  in  the  Cafe  of  the  Earl  of  Straffird^  the  Arch- 

*  bifhop  of  Canterbury^  the  Lord-Keeper  Finch^  and 

*  others)  yet  we  declare  that  we  have  both  Par- 
'  ticulars  and   Proofs  againft  them  ready  to  pro- 
'  duce  ;  but  confidtring  that  the  Proceedings  there- 

*  upon  will  probably  take  up  much  Time,  and  the 

*  pre- 

of   ENGLAND. 

c  prefent  unfettled  Affairs  of  the  Kingdom,  in  re-  An 
'  lation  to  thofe  great  Matters  propofed  by  us,  do 
4  require  a  fpeedy  Confideration  :  We  fhall  be  will- 

*  ing  that  thefe  greater  and  more  general  Matters 
'  of  the  Kingdom  be  firft  confidered  of  and  fettled 
6  before  the  Cenfure  of  thofe  Members  be  deter- 

*  mined ;  and   therefore,  becaufe  they  may  appre- 
'  hend  it  fome  Prejudice  to  them  to  have  their  par- 
'  ticular  Charges  given  in,  and  lie  on  them  fo  long 
'  undetermined,  we  fhall  be  willing  to  forbear  the 

*  giving  in  of  the  Particulars  againft  them,  till  they 

*  may,  without  Interruption  to  the  general  Affairs, 

*  be  immediately  proceeded  upon  :  But,  if  the  Houfe 
'  do  think  fit  that  the  Particulars  againft  them  be 
1  firft  delivered  in,  we  (hall  be  ready  to  do  it. 

3.  *  Whereas  we  underftand  that  the  Members 
4  charged   have  defired  Leave  from  the  Houfes  to 

*  withdraw  themfelves,  we  cannot  but  take  Notice 
'  of  the  Modefty  thereof,  fo  far  as  that  we  are  con- 

*  tented  therewith,  for  the  prefent  more  quiet  pro- 

*  ceeding  to  fettle  the  perplexed  Affairs  of  the  King- 
4  dom  (which,  without  any  private  Animofities  a-r 
4  gainft  Perfons,  is  our  greateftEnd  in  what  we  do) } 

*  only  we  declare  that,  as  we  fuppofe  the  Gentle- 
«  men  themfelves,  from  the  fame  Grounds  that  in- 
f  duced  them  to  offer  this,  will  ftill  forbear  to  offer 
«  the  contrary,  till  the  Matters  concerning  them  be 
«  heard  and  determined,  or  to  make  any  new  Inter- 

*  ruption  or  Difturbance  to  the  Proceeding  there- 

*  upon,  or  Settlement  of  the  general  Affairs  of  the 
«  Kingdom  ;  fo  we  hope,  and  fhall  confidently  ex- 

*  peel,  that  the  Wifdom  and  Juftice  of  the  Houfe 

*  will  not  admit  any  Things  to  the  contrary,  or  leave 
f  it  to  an  Hazard  thereof;  but  will  ufe  fufficient  Care 

*  and  Caution  againft  fuchThings,and  for  the  bringr 
'  ing  thofe  Members  to  Trial,  when  the  Houfe  fhall 
4  judge  it  reafonable  and  lafe,  as  before  expreffed,' 

By  the  Appointment  of  bis  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax,  and  his  Council  of  War. 

June  27)  JQHN    RUSHWQRTH. 

C  4  The 

40  ^he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.       The  fame  Day  another  Letter  from  the  Earl  of 

v_l6*^ ,   Nottingham  and  the  Lord  IVbarton  was  read  in  the 

June.         Houfe  of  Lords. 

For  the  fpeclal  Service  of  the  Parliament. 

For  the  Right  Hon.  E  D  w  A  R  D  Earl  of  M  A  N- 
CHESTER,  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS. 

Uxbrldge^  June  27,   1647. 

Twelve  at  Night. 
May  It  pleafe  pur  Lordjfnp^ 

«    \\/  ^  kad>  very  late  this  Afternoon,  Informa- 

*  \V    tion  given  us,  that  Dr.  Sheldon,   and  Dr. 

*  Hammond,   two   of  the   King's  Chaplains,    Mr. 
c  Kirk)  Mr.  Leiiingjlone,  and  Mr.  Henry  Murray, 
'  all  of  the  Bed-Chamber  to  the  King,  were  gone 

*  to  his  Majefty  at  Hatfidd^  and  had  Accefs  to  his 

*  Perfon  ;    which  we  thought  ourfelves  in  Duty 
*•  obliged    immediately  to  know    of  the  General, 
'  efpecially  in  regard  that  the  two  Chaplains  were 

*  defired  formerly,  and  the  Houfes  forbore  to   give 

*  any  Refolution  therein.   This  we  have  done  fmce 

*  our  Difpatch  this  Day  by  Col.   White,  and  Mr. 

*  Povey ;  and  the  General  tells  us,  That  it  is  very 

*  true  that  the  King  wrote  to  him  about  a  Fort- 
4  night  iince  about  thofe  two  Chaplains,  and  he 

*  never  gave  him   an  Anfwer;    whereat  the  King 
'  was  angry  :  That  he  hears  they  are  at  Hatfield^ 
'  but  by  no  Order  of  his  ;  and  that  the  Commif- 

*  fioners  there,  who  have  Power  to  reftrain  their 
'  Coming,  will  not  direct  Colonel  Wbalty  fo  to  do; 
'  and  Colonel  IVhaley,  on  the  other  Hand,  con- 
'  ceives  he  hath  not  Power  to  debar  their  Accefs 

*  without    the    Commiflioners   Order  ;   and   thus, 

*  between  both,  they  have  Freedom  :  Herewith  we 

*  thought  fit  to  acquaint  your  Lordfhip,   as   alfo 
'  that  the  General  then  told  us,  that  a  Refolution 
'  was  taker)  to  draw  back  fomc  of  the  Quarters  of 
'  the  Army  as  far  as  Wickham,  Bcconsfisldy  Oking- 
'  ham,  MarloW)  and  Henley  ;  but  the  Head-Quarters 
6  will  remain  here,  in  Expectation  of  your  further 

«  An- 

*/*   ENGLAND,  <  41 

*  Anfwer  to  their  Defires  fent  up  this  Day  by  Co-  An.  a  3  Car.  I. 

«  loncl  White  and  Mr.  Pomy.     Thus  we  reft,  t  '  *7'    . 

Lord/hip's  faithful 
and  bumble  Servants^ 


After  a  long  Debate,  the  Queftion  being  put, 
Whether  to  inforce  the  former  Vote  of  the  24th 
of  y^ne  Inftant,  concerning  the  King's  being  at 
Roy/Ion  or  Newmarket^  by  a  Letter  to  the  Com- 
miffioners  with  the  King  at  Hatfeld  and  to  Sir 
Thomas  Fairfax  ?  it  was  refolved  in  the  Affirma- 
tive ;  the  following  Lords  entering  their  DifTents 
by  fubfcribing  their  Names  : 




Then  it  was  ordered,  that  a  Letter  be  written 
to  the  Commiflioners  refiding  with  the  King,  in 
Purfuance  of  the  abovefaid  Vote.  This  was  done, 
and  fent  to  the  Commons  for  their  Concurrence, 
which  that  Houfe  having  immediately  given,  the 
Letter  was  fent  to  the  Commiflioners  accordingly, 
in  h<ze  Verba  : 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemen^ 

are  commanded  by  both  Houfcs   to  let  Both  Houfes  for- 
you  know  the  great  Danger  of  admitting  bid  admitting  of 
any  fuch  Perfons  to  the  Prefence  of  the  King,  as  [fj'jj"?1  pl* 
are  prohibited  by  your  former  Inftrudtions.    And,  fence. 
for  your  more  pofitive  Direction   therein,  they 
have  fent  you  the  inclofed  Order,  requiring  your 
utmoft  Care  in  the  fpeedy  and  effectual  Execution 
thereof.  Thus,  having  nothing  further  in  Charge, 
we1  remain,  £3V, 

A  Letter 


Ihe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

A  Letter  to  the  General  was  alfo  agreed  to,  for 
him  to  command  the  Guards  that  attended  the 
King,  to  be  obedient  to  the  Direction  of  the  Com- 

Two  Resolutions  fent  up  by  the  Commons  were 
likewife  agreed  to,  and  ordered  to  be  font  to  the 
General,  viz, 

They  pafs  federal  Refohed,  &c.  f  That  they  do  declare  that  no 
Officer  or  Soldier,  from  and  after  the  Publication  of 
this  Order  in  the  Army,  ftiall  leave  it  without  the 
particular  Leave  and  Difcharge  of  the  General. 

Refolved)  &c.  '  That  they  do  declare  they  own 
this  Army  as  their  Army  ;  will  make  Provifion  for 
their  Maintenance  ;  and  will  take  Order,  fo  fooa 
as  Money  can  conveniently  be  raifed,  that  they 
(hall  be  paid  up  equally  with  thofe  that  have  left 
the  Army.' 

And  require  the       june  29>  Both  Houfes  agreed  in  a  Vote  this  Day, 

te  HcLnby       that  the  KinS  ^ould  not  come  from  Halfield  to 

Richmond,  but  go  back  to  Holdenby  ;  and  ordered  3 

Letter  to  be  fent  to  their  Commifiioners,  with  ano- 

ther to  the  General  for  that  Purpofe. 

June  30.    A  Letter  from  Lord   Montague  was 
read,  addrefled,  as  ufual,  to  the  Earl 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers. 

A  Letter  from 
Lord  Montague, 
relating  to  De- 
linquents being 
almittcd  to  the 

Hatfield-,  'June  29,   1647, 
My  Lord, 

E  received  this  Day  .your  Letter  of  the 
28th  Inftant,  with  the  Votes  inclofedx 
whereby  the  Duke  of  Richmond,  Dr.  iS/W.O.T, 
Dr.  Hammond,  and  others  in  like  Condition  \,  icli 
them,  are  to  be  removed  from  about  the  King  ; 
for  which  Purpofe  we  have  required  the  Guards 
here  to  obey  us,  and  directed  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax 
to  give  them  Orders  therein,  Before  we  had  not 
any  Power  at  all  to  command  Colonel  Wh&lty,  or 
the  Regiment  under  him,  neither  could  we  af- 
fume  an  Authority  which  you  had  not  given  us  j 
and  therefore  we  hope  that  this  Refort  to  the 
4  '  King 

cf   ENGLAND.  43 

*  King  will  not  in  any  ways  be  imputed  to  us.  An-  23  c"'  I. 
f  Upon  the  Receipt  of  thefe  new  Orders  to  us,  ^^  l647- 

'  we    have    imparted   them   to  Colonel    Whaley  j        june> 
4  whofe  Anfwer  to  us  is,  That  when  he  receives 
'the  General's  Orders  herein,  which,  according 
'  to  the  Votes,  he  conceives  he  is  to  expect,  he 

*  fhall  be  very  ready  to  obferve  the  Directions  we 

*  fhall  give  him  ;  tho*  as  yet,  having  not  heard  from 

*  his  Excellency,  he  cannot  give  us  further  Satis- 
4  faction  j  but  fhall  forthwith  fend  to  the  General 
'  and   acquaint  him  therewith,  being  very  ready, 

*  according  to  the  Orders  he  fhall  receive  from  his 

*  Excellency,  to  perform  his  Duty  to  the  Parlia- 

*  inent.     In  the  mean  Time  we  are  not  in  a  Ca- 
'  pacity  to  difcharge  your  Commands,    and  hope 

*  you   will  not  expect  that  which  is  not  in  the 

*  Power  of 

Tour  Lord/tip's  bumble  Servant, 


A  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  was  alfo  read, 
addreffed  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Koufe  of  Peers, 
concerning  a  Complaint  made  by  the  Scots  Com- 
miflioners  of  the  intercepting  a  Packet  of  theirs  by 
the  Army. 

My  Lord)  TJxbridge^'Jiine  29,  1647. 

T  Can  aflure  your  Lordfhip  I  am  altogether  ig-  Another  from 
•*•  norant  of  feizing  the  Packet  between  Hun-  F^irfax^ncem, 
tingdon  and  Stilton,  which  was  going   to  Scotland  ing  the'feizing  a 
from   the    Scots  Commiffioners  ;    neither  was  it  Packet  of  tlie 
ever  brought  to  the  Head -Quarters  that  I  could  goners. 0" 
hear :  Had  I  known  of  any  fuch  Thing,  I  fhould 
not  have  let  it  pafs,  without  making  the  Ac- 
tor in  fo  foul  a  Bufmefs  an  Example.     I  fhall  be 
very  careful,  as  much  as  in  me  lies,  that  none  of 
the  Army  under  my   Command   fhall   offer  any 
Interruption    to  the  Intercourfe   of  Packets  be- 
tween the  Kingdom  of  Scotland  and  their  Com- 

*  miffioners  at  London ;  and  fhould  be  very  loath  to. 

«  be 

44  *?be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  <  be  an  Occafion  of  a  Breach  of  the  good  Corre- 
'  fpondency  betwixt  the  two  Nations. 

*  About  a  Week  fince  there  happened  a  Bufi- 
'  nefs  at  Ware^  which  perhaps  is   the  Thing  iij- 

*  tended  in  your  Letter  :  There  came  one  to  the 
'  Guard,  who,    being  examined,  faid  firft  he  was 

*  going  to  Scotland.     Being  defired   to  produce  his 
'  Pafs,  it  was  only  from  Major-General  Webb^  to 

*  go  to  Royjton.     Then  being  demanded  whither 

*  he  was  to  go  ?    he  faid,  To  Newmarket  to  Mr. 

*  Maxwell.     Lieutenant-Colonel  Jubb  being   then 

*  upon    the    Guard,    and   finding   him   in   feveral 

*  Stories,    fent  him,  with  two  Troopers,    to   the 

*  Head-Quarters  at  St.  Albarfs^  with  a  Bundle  of 

*  Papers,  fealed  up  in  a  blank  Paper,  without  any 

*  Direction  at  all ;    neither  had  he  any  Pafs  from 

*  the  Commiffioners  of  Scotland  \  yet  he  no  fooner 
'  came  to  the  Head-Quarters  but  he  was  permit- 
'  ted  to  go  to  Newmarket  accordingly,    with  the 

*  Bundle  of  Papers  he  had  with  him.     I   thought 
'  fit  to  mention  this   Particular,  left  there   fhould 

*  be  a  Mifconft ruction  had  thereof.      This  being 

*  all  I  have  to  trouble  your  Lordmip  with,  I  re-. 

*  main 

Your  Lord/hip's  mnjl  bumble  Servant^ 


A  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Nottingham  was  read, 
addreffed,  as  ufual,  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of 

Uxbridge,  June  29,   5647. 
May  it  phafe  your  Lordjbip^ 
Mote  Letters  and  «  \\7  E  ^ave  received  yours,    dated  Yefterday, 

ni    *  W'th    thC    V°teS    °f    b°th  H°ufeS    inclofe^ 

"-  *  That  no  Officers  or  Soldiers  fhould  leave  the  Ar- 
and  the  *  my  without  the   General's   Leave,    and   of  the 
t  Houfes  owning  the   Army  and  providing  for  it. 
'  We  have   this    Morning  communicated  them   to 

*  Sir  Thomas   Fairfax  ;  and   took   that  Occzfion  to 

*  move  him   that  the  Bu£nefs  of  the  Treaty  may 

*  be 

c/*   ENGLAND.  45 

«  be  put  into  a  Way,  and  the  Head-Quarters  to  be  An.  a^ 
«  removed  at  a  further  Diftance  from  London  j  both 
e  which  the  General  told  us  {hould  be  taken  into 
«  fpeedy  Confideration,  and  that  he  would  give  us 
«  an  Account  of  their  Refolutions  with  all  Conve- 

*  niency.     I  am, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  humble  and  faithful  Servant, 

Next  was  read  another  Letter  from  the  Commif- 
fioners  of  Parliament  refiding  with  the  Army. 

WiMam,  June  29,  1647. 

It  pleafe  your  Lordjhip, 

N  the  Way  from  this  Town  to  TJxbridge,  this 
Afternoon  about  Six  o'Clock,  we  received 

*  this  inclofed  Paper  by  a  Meflenger  from  the  Ge- 
'  neral,  which  we  thought  ourfelves  in  Duty  obliged 

*  to  fend  your  Lordfhip,  and  reft 

Your  Lordjhip's  bumble  Servants, 


The  Paper  fent  by  General  Fairfax  to  the  Earl 
•»f  Nottingham  and  the  Lord  IVkarton. 

Uxbridge,  June  29,  1647. 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemen, 

*  T3  Y  the  Votes  you  were  pleafed   to  commu- 

*  JD  nicate  to  me  this  Morning,   I  find  the  Par- 

*  liament  hath  taken  into  their  Confideratioh  thofe 

*  Proportions  of  the  Army,   which  necefTariFy  cra- 

*  ved  feme  Satisfaction  before  the  withdrawing  of 

*  it ;  and  that  their  Progrefs  already  made,  though 

*  but  in  part,  meets  with   fuch  a  Compliance  in 

*  my  Council   of  War,  that  it  begets  in  them  a 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'  general  Confidence  of  the  Houfes  fpeedy  and  full 
c  Anfwer  to  their  remaining  Propofitions  j  and 
'  therefore,  to  teftify  the  Readinefs  of  this  Army 
'  to  obferve  the  Commands  of  the  Parliament* 
'  they  have  refolved  to  move  the  Army  to  a  fur- 
'  ther  Diftance,  and  the  Head-Quarters  to  be  this 
'  Night  at  Wickham  \  believing  this  Forwardnefs 

*  on  their  Part  to  fatisfy  both  Parliament  and  City, 

*  will  not  retard  but  rather  haften  the  Refolutiona 

*  of  the  Houfes,  with  a  full  Satisfaction  to  the  Par- 
c  ticulars  not  yet  anfwered  ;   and  alfo  to  acquit  this 
'  Army  of  any  Jealoufies  and  unjuft  Afperfions  caft 

*  upon  it* 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  War. 


July  i.  Divers  Letters  were  read  in  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  all  directed  to  the  Earl  of  Manchejler  aa 
Speaker,  the  Tenor  whereof  was  as  follows  : 

from  the  Lord  MONTAGUE. 

My  Lord)  Hatfald  June  29,   1647*' 

tad  the  King's  *  T  Mmediately  after  we  received  the  Votes  con- 
Rtmovalj          c  J.  cerning  his   Majefty's  Remove  to   Holdenby9 

*  we   acquainted   him    therewith.     He    anfwered, 
«  That  he  had  already   refolved  to  move  to  IVtnd- 
*fort   and   fent   Part  of  his  Stuff  thither  ;  and  on 

*  'Thurfday   intends   to  fet  forwards   to  that  Place, 

*  which  he  would  have  done  To-morrow  had  it  not 
«  been  the  Faft  after  his  coming  hither.    If  he  were" 
c  moved,  he  faid  we  fhould  have  his  farther  An* 

*  fwer.      Col.  Wbaley  hath  not  yet  received  any 

*  Direction  from  the  General,  fo  as  we  cannot  give 

*  you   any  other  Account  of  the   Commands  you 

*  have  laid  upon  us,  either  in  this  of  his  Majefty's 

*  Removal  or  by  your  former  Votes  j  but  remain 

Your  Lordjhip't  nwjl  humble  Servant^ 


of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  47 

A  LfitTFR  from  Col.  WHICHCOT,  Governor  of  Ant23Car,J» 
Windfor  Co/lie.  \  '  „',.»< 

JVindfor  June  30,  1647.  "* 

Right  Honourable, 

*  A   T  this  Inftant  Mr.  Dowfett,  with  others  at- 

*  JLJL  tending  upon    the  King,   are  come  to  give 
«  me  Notice  that  his  Majefty  intends  to.  be  here 
<  To-morrow  Night,  with  the  Commiffioners  of 
'  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and  that  from  them 

*  they  have  Orders  to  haften  the  Preparing  of  his 
«  Majefty's  Houfe,  within  this  Caftle,  for  his  En- 

*  tertainment ;  that  I  fhall  receive  further  Direc- 

*  tions  concerning^  this   from   the  General  Sir  Tbo- 
€  mas  Fairfax,  and  Col,  Whaley ;  and  that  Dinner  is 
'  to  be  made  ready  To-morrow  at  the  Lord  Grey's 

*  Houfe,  near  Watford^  for  his  Majefty  as  he  pafleth. 

*  All  which  I  thought  it  my  Duty  to  inform  the. 

*  Parliament  of,    and,   as  I   am  obliged,  fufcribc 
«  myfelf 

Tour  Lard/hip's  moft  bumble  Servant, 


A  L  E  T  T  E  R  from  Sir  THOMAS  FAIRFAX. 

JMy  Lord  TVickbam-,  June  30,  1647. 

*  1  Received  a  Letter  this  Evening  from  the  Go- 
«  A   vernor   of  Windfor^    and    alfo   an  Intimation 

*  from  Col.  Wbahy^   who  I  have  appointed  for  his 

*  Majefty's    Guard,    that   the    King    defires,    and 

*  intends,  to  go  To-morrow  for  Wtndfor^    to  re- 

*  main  there  for  four  or  five  Days  ;  having  Hopes 
'  by  your  Commiflioners,  as  he  himfelf  faith,  to 
'  fee  his  Children,    who    he    expects  fhall    meet 

*  him  there  ;  and,  after,  he  is  willing  to  remove  to 

*  fome  other  convenient  Place  at  a  greater  Diftancc 

*  from  London.      I  muft  confefs  I  find   myfelf  in  a 
4  great  Strait  what  to  do   herein,   knowing  his  In- 

*  teaitions  contrary   to  your  late  Votes ;    and  not 

*  having  your  further  Commands  or  Directions  to 

*  advife 

Y6e  Parliamentary  H  t  s  T  o  R  y 

*2  Cir'  *'  "  ac^v'k  h's  Majefty  herein,  I  could  do  no  more  thart 

7'  .    *  give  a  fpeedy  Account  of  his   Refolutions,  and 

July.         c  defire  you  to  believe  that  I  (hall   be  very  careful 

*  to  place  a  very  trufly  Guard  about  him  for  the 

*  Security  of  his  Perfon. 

*  I  have  fent  to  his  Majefty,  to  defire  that  ha 
'  would  alter  his  Refolutions,  and  goto  fome  Place 
'  which  might  be  more  convenient  to  your  prefent 

*  Affairs  ;  but  do  conceive  he  will  fcarcely  be  per- 
'  fuaded  thereunto  till   four  or  five   Days  be  paft  : 

*  After  that  I  {hall,  in  Purfuance  of  your  Votes, 
ft  ufe  all  Diligence  for  his    fafe  Remove   to   fome 

*  convenient    Place    further    diftant  from   London* 
'  until  the  Settlement  of  the  Affairs  of  the  Kingdom 

*  and  your  Commands  {hall  otherwife  difpofe  of  him. 
e  I  remain 

Tour  Lord/hip's  mojl  humble  Servant, 

Another  LETTER  from  the  Lord  MONTAGUE. 

My  Lord)  Hatfield)  June  30,  1647. 

HIS  Afternoon  about  Four  o'Clock,  fup- 

pofing  by  that  Time  an  Anfwer  might  be 
'  received  from  the  General,  we  again  defired  to 
'  fpeak  with  Col.  H'haley>  who  affured  us  that  he 

*  had  not  as  yet  received  any  Order  from  his  Ex- 

*  cellency  concerning  the  Removal  of  fuch  Perfons 
'  as,  contrary  to  our  Inftru&ions,  reforted  to  the 

*  King.     We  replied,    That  it  lay  upon  us  to  re- 
'  quire  the  Performance  of  the  Commands  laid  up- 
'  on  us  by  your  Votes,  which  we  defired  might  be 

*  done  in  that  Courfe  which  we  had  taken  at  Hoi- 
'  denby,  to  wit,  that  when  any  Perfon  fufpefted  to 

*  have  been  in   Arms   againft    the  Parliament,  of 

*  otherwife  within  the  Fifth  Article  of  our  Inftruc- 

*  tions,  was  difcoverod  to  be  in  the  Court,  he  was  in- 
'  ftantly,  by  our  Directions  given  to  the  Chief  Com- 
'  mander  of  the  Guards  prefent,  to  be  brought  be- 
'  before  us ;  and  upon  Examination,  if  the  Informa- 

^ENGLAND.  49 

*  tion  proved  to  be  true,  he  was  appointed  by  us  to  An>  jLCar-  ** 

*  be  removed  or  comrhitted  as  the  Cafe  required  j     y__   y7'  .-» 
k  which  was  accordingly  put  iri  Execution  by  the         Julj. 

*  Chief  Commander  of  the  Guards  prefent,  in  pur- 

*  fuance  of  the  Orders  we1  gave  "him.     Conform- 

*  ably  thereunto  we  named   unto  him   Dr.   Sheldon 

*  and  Dr.    Hammond^  to    be  proceeded  a»ainft  iu 

*  like  Manner.     Col.  Jffiaky  anfwered,  That  he 
»  was  to  obey  the  Orders  of  the  General,  and,   by 
«  exprefs  Authority  of  the  Houfes,  was  queftion- 

*  able  at  a  Council  of  War  for  his  Life,  if  he  did 

*  otherwife  ;    that    he    was    to    expect    particular 

*  Commands  from  the  General,  even  by  the  Votes 

*  which  at  prefeht  we  infifted  upon  ;    aud  that  our 

*  Orders  were  not  fatisfa&ory  to  him  till   he  had 

*  received  his,  wherein   he  fuppofed  the    Senfe  of 

*  the  Houfes  would   not   be  otherwife    taken  ;    ft  r 
'  that   they  would  not  impofe  upon  him  an  Obe- 

*  dience  which  might  involve  him  in  a  Contradic- 
'  tiori  to  the  General's  Orders,  which,  if  he   ob- 
'  ferved  not,  his   Life  was  at  Stake  :  But  it  was 
'  clear  they  intended  not  to  enfnare  him  therein, 

*  having  pofitively  referred  him  to  Orders  which  he 
8  was  to  receive  from  his  Excellency  fii'ft  ;  to  whom 
e  he  fhould  make    a  fpecdy  Addrefs  to  that  Pur- 
«  pofe. 

*  Hereby  your  Lordfhips  may   well  underflahd 

*  that  we  are  in  no  Capacity  of  ferving  you,  either 

*  in  this  or  what  concerns  his  Majefty's  Removal  ; 

*  prefuming  you  will  not  expect  we  fliould  take 

*  this  Employment  upon  our  own  Hands,  without 
c  the  Miniftry  of  thofe  you  have  appointed  to  obey 
«  us.     We  have   now    fix  Months  conftantly  at- 

*  tended   upon  this  Service^  and  do  earneflly  wilh 

*  to  be  difcharged,  which  (hall  be  taken  as  a  F;i- 

*  vour  to, 


Tonr  mo/t  bumllc 

VOL.  XVI.  D  After 

hi«  Majefty's 


50  tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2}  C»r.  1.      After  reading  all  the  foregoing  Papers,  the  Lords 

t    l647'    j    refolved  that  a  Letter  be  fent  to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax? 

TV          requiring  him  to  fee  the  two  Votes  of  the  28th  andf 

2gth  of  June  laff   put    in  Execution,  and   to  give 

Order  to  the  Guards  now  with  the  King  to  obfervc 

Both  Howf«in-all  Direchorrs  they   fhould   receive  from  the  Com- 

for«theirOrdersmjuloncrs  of  Parliament  ;    alfo  another    Letter  to 

for   keerlng  L)e-      ,,-/-,  ..,-  L       r  •  i1  i  r  •        T* 

linquents  from  thole  Commilhoaers  to  put  the  laid  Votes  in  Lxc- 
cution.  Two  Letters  were  accordingly  drawn  up 
^  thc  Eaii  of  Ma}}cke/}fr,  and  fent  to  the  Com- 
mons for  their  Concurrence,  who  agreed  to  them 
without  Alteration. 

A  Complaint  being  alfo  made  that  Dr.  Hatnmoru? 
and  Dr.  Sheldon  had  oftentimes^  of  late,  ufed  the 
Common  Prayer  Book,  and  officiated  before  the 
King  with  divers  fuperftitious  Geftures  contrary  to 
the  Directory^  thereby  incurring  the  Penalty  pre- 
fcribed  by  Ordinance  of  Parliament  for  the  fame, 
the  Lords  ordered  that  they  do  forthwith  appear  at 
their  Bar  to  anfwer  fuch  Matters-  as  fhould  be  ob- 
jected againft  them. 

Next  a  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Nottingham  and 
the  Lord  Jl^harton^  with  two  Papers  inclofed,  was 

For  the  Right  Hon.    the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER^ 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS. 

JPickhamy  July  I,  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lordjhip, 


to  the  intended 
Treaty  beten 

'  \7  Efterday  being  the  Faft,  we  put  the  Genera! 
*    i    in  mind  of  the    Treaty,  and  did   earneftly 
Treaty   et^en  <        r.  hjm  thereunto  by  Letters,   a  Copy  whereof 

the  Commiilion-  ,rr.  -A/-  I-L  -11 

eriof  the  Par-  we  tend  you  ;  in  Anfwer  to  which  we  received  thc 
<  inclofed  about  One  o'Clock  this  Morning.  This 
'  being  all  at  prefent,  we  reft, 

litment  aad  the 

Lordjhip's  humble  Servant  t% 


of   ENGLAND.  jr 

A  Copy  of  the  Commiflioners  Letter  to  the  Ge-  An.  z3  Car.  I. 
fceral,  mentioned  in  the  foregoing.  t   l6*7'  _. 

trtckbam  June  30,  1647;  July' 

May  it  pleafe  your  Excellency, 

*  T  T  Aving  received  Power  from  both  Houfes  to 
«  1  1  treat  with  your  Excellency,  and  fuch  of  the 
<  Army  as  you  fliall  appoint,  upon  the  Papers  and 

*  Defires  fent  from  the  Army  to  the  Houfes*  and  the 

*  Votes  fent  to  us  and  the  Commiflioners,  where- 

*  with  we  acquainted   your  Excellency  on  Sunday 

*  laft  j  and  did  then  defire  your  Excellency  to  put 
'  the  Treaty  into  a  Way,  which  Defires  we  have 
«  every  Day  fmce  renewed  : 

'  Forafmuch  as  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  is 

*  highly  concerned  in  the  fpeedy  Difpatch  thereof, 

*  and  the  Expectations  of  the  Houfes,  the  City,  and 

*  the  Kingdom  are  much  fet  thereon,  your  Quar- 

*  ters  being  now  removed  at  fome  reafonable  Dif- 

*  tance  further  from  the  City  ;  we  defire  to  know 
«  from  your  Excellency  with  what  Perfons  we  are  to 

*  treat,  and  the  Time  and  Place  of  Meeting,  for 
«  the  bringing  this  Bufinefs  to  a  fpeedy  Conclufion  ; 
«  in  this  we  are  the  more  earneft  becaufe  we  are 
«  very  fenfible  that  all  Delays  herein  will  be  unac- 
«  ceptable  to  the  Houfes,  and  thus  we  reft, 


Tour  Excellency's  bumble  Servants, 



Sir  Thomas  Fairfax's  Anfwer  to  the  Parliament's 
Commiflioners  < 

IVickham  June  30,  1647. 
My  Lerds,  and  Gentlemen, 

*  T  Am  very  fenfible  of  the  great  Inconveniences 

*  1  which  Delay  in  the  fpeedy  Settlement  of  the 
'  Affairs  of  the  Kingdom  may  produce,  and  there- 

D  2  «fore 

*fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

«  fore  I  am  ready,  according  to  the  Parliament's  Dc- 
'  fires,  to  appoint  Officers  ta  treat  and  attend  your 
'  Lordfhips  for  that  Purpofe  with  all  poffible  Speed, 
4  that  Delay  may  not  reft  on  my  Part :  But  I  muft 

*  needs  tell  you  that  the  Army  is  unfatisfied,  and 
'  do  conceive  thcmfelves  and  the  Kingdom  unfafe, 
'  until    their    laft  Proportion    delivered    into    this 

*  Houfe  be  fully  anfwered  ;   which  they  hope  will 

*  be  the  Parliament's  next  Care,  and  therefore  de- 

*  lire  to  know  their  Pleafure  concerning  them  before 
4  they  come  to  a  Concluhon  in  any  Thing  j   which 
4  being  done,  I  am  confident  they  will  proceed  with 
4  unanimous  Intention  to   obferve  their  Commands 
'  in  all  Things  which  may  tend  to  the  Good  of  the 
4  Kingdom.' 

By  appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas  Fair- 
fax and  his  Council  of  War. 


'July  2.  The  Commons  fent  up  a  Vote  they  had 
paifed,  and  defired  their  Lordfhips  Concurrence  to- 
it,  viz.  *  That  the  King  fhould  not  refide  nearer 
to  London  than  where  the  Quarters  of  the  Army 
(hall  be  allowed  to  be.'  After  fome  Debate,  the 
Lords,  on  the  Qucftion,  pafled  it  alfo,  the  Earls  of 
Rutland,  Suffolk ,  and  Stamford,  only  diffenting. 

The  fame  Day  a  Petition  from  the  City  of  Lcn~ 
don  was  prefented  and  read  in  btsc  Verba  : 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  ajjembled  in  the 
High  Court  ef  Parliament, 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  cf  the  Lord  Mayor,  Alder- 
men, and  Commons  of  th»  City  of  London  in  Com- 
mon Council  ajjembled, 

Humbly  Jhewethy 

A  Petition  from  t  >-ip  HAT  the  Petitioners  cannot  but  call  to 
don  forP^mTnt4  *  Mind  the  Deliverance  which  they  and  the 
of  the  Soldiery,  *  whole  Kingdom  did  juftly  expect  from  this  Par- 
*  fpeeay  Settle-  ( jiament.  after  fo  many  Years  Suffering  under  the 

mcnt  of  the  Na-  •       .  r. 

tion,  &c.  rower 

*/*    ENGLAND.  53 

e  Power  of  an  arbitrary  Government,  both  in  their  An.  a?  Car.  I. 
c  Spiritual  and  Temporal  Concernments ;  and  they        1647- 

*  do    humbly   acknowledge    that   this    Parliament     *     T^ 
<  hath  removed  many  Obftacles,  and  are  confident  y 

*  would,  by  this  Time,  with  God's  Blcffing,  have 

*  reftored  the  Kingdom,  to  its  juft  Liberties,  and 

*  fettled  a  fare  Foundation  for  its  future  Happinefs, 
'  if  they   had  not  been  diverted  by  the  great  Coa- 

*  trivers  of  the  Kingdom's  Slavery ;    who,  rather 

*  than   fubmit  to  the  Juftice  of  this  High  Court, 

*  have  raifed  and  maintained  a  bloody,   unnatural, 

*  and  long  War  againft  the  Parliament  of  England ; 
'  in  the   Supprefllon  whereof  as  much  Blood  hath 

*  been  fpilt,  fo  a  great  Treafure  hath  been  fpent ; 

*  and  the  Kingdom  is   fti-11  left  involved  in  many 

*  Engagements  and  Debts,  both  to  their  Brethren 

*  of  Scotland,   (who,   like  true  Chriftian  Brethren,* 
'  came  in  to  our  Aid  againft  the  common  Enemy) 

*  and  alib  to  a  Multitude  of  Officers,  Soldiers,  and 

*  others  the  well-affecled  People  of  this  Land,  who 
'  did  engage  in  the  Defence  and  Support  thereof, 

'  And  although  the  Petitioners,  in  the  Obligation  - 
'  which' the  Caufe  of  God  and  the  Public  Safety 
'did   caft  upon   them,    have  all   this  Time  both 

*  freely  contributed,  and  chearfully  fubmitted,  to- 
'  many  great  and  unufual  AflefTments,  which  alia 

*  could  not  be  levied  but  in  an  extraordinary  Way; 
'  yet  they  cannot  but  be  fenftble  how  arbitrary  Power 

*  hath  been,   during  thefe  Diftempers,  exercifed  by 

*  Committees  and  others,  by  whom  the  good  Sub- 

*  ject  hath  been  oftentimes  more  oppreflea  than  the 

*  Delinquent  fupprefled  ;    and  who  have  managed 

*  the  Receipts  and  Revenues,  which  were  defigned 
'  to  maintain  the  Public  Charge,  fo  diforderly  and 

*  ineffectually,  that   the  Kingdom  cannot  but  be 
'  unfatisfied  concerning  the  due  Employment  there- 

*  of;  and   doubt  that  much  of  the  public  Money 

*  hath  been  employed  to  private  Ends,  and  remains 
«  obfcured  in  the  Hands  of  fuch  as  were  intruded 
'  with  the  Collection  of  thofe  AfTeflments,  and  thr 

*  Improvement  of  all  Sequeftrations  to  the  beft  Ad'- 

*  vantage  of  the  Public.  And  indeed  the  Petitioner"; 

D  3  *  hav« 

54  y&e  Parliamentary  H I  s  T  o  R  v 

a*  Car.  I.  <  have  Reafon  to  attribute  much  of  the  late  Dif* 
'  *7'  .  *  content  and  Diforders  of  divers  Officers  and  Sol- 
jujy4  *  diers  ur»to  the  Want  of  fuch  Money  as,  if  duly 

*  collected  and   faithfully  managed  might  have,  in 

*  good  Parr,  if  not  fully,  fatibfied  the  Soldiery  ;  and 

*  do  humbly  conceive  that  the  Parliament  hath  fo 

*  much  the  more  Reafon  to  enquire  into  the   fame, 

*  becaufe  that,  from  this  Defect,  hath    rifen  thofe 

*  late  Attempts  of  fome  of  the  Soldiery  \  and  there 

*  is  fuch  Ule  made  of  the  Vote  patted  by  the  Par- 

*  liament  for  their  Satisfaction,  to  invite  and  draw 

*  together  very  great  Numbers  of  Officers  and  Sol- 
e  diers  from  all  Parts  of  the  Kingdom,  under  Pre-r 

*  fence  of  fharing  the  Money  fo  obtained,  that  it 
'  may  very  much  endanger  the  Peace  and  Safety  of 

*  the  City.    The  Petitioners,  therefore,  for  Remedy 

*  of  the  faid  Grievances,  and  Prevention  of  thofe 
'  Dangers  which  otherwife  may  be  feared,  and  for 
'  Settlement  of  this  miferable  and  diftrafted  King- 

*  dom,  do  humbly  pray, 

1.  *  That  prefent  Command  be  given,  that  no 

*  Officers  of  War  nor  Soldiers,  other  than  fuch  as 
«  are  already  come  in,  do  enter  the  Line  of  Commu- 

*  nication,    under  any   Pretence  of  fharing  in  the 

*  Monies  lately  appointed  by  Parliament  towards  the 
'  Satisfaction  of  any  Arrears. 

2.  '    That  fuch  Officers  and  Soldiers,  who  are 

*  already  paid  according  to  the  late  feveral  Ordi- 

*  nances  of  Parliament  in  this  Behalf  made,  if  their 

*  ufual   Habitation    and   Employment   have    been 

*  within  the  Line,  be  enjoined  forthwith  to  betake 

*  themfelves  to  their  Calling,  or  fome  honeft  Con* 

*  dition  of  Living ;  and  be  prohibited  from  their 
'  loofe  and  tumultuous  Wandering  and  Meeting 
'  within  this  Cjty,  aad  other  Places  adjacent,  un- 

*  der  Penalty  of  lofmg  their  Arrears.     And  that 

*  fuch  Officers  and  Soldiers  as  have  Dwellings  or 

*  other  Relations  in  the  Country,   be  required  to 
?  depart  the  Line  within  two  Days  after  Publica- 

*  tion,  and  to  return  to  their  Homes  or  Habitations, 
'  and  there  apply  themfelves  to  their  feveral  Calr 

*  lings,  on  the  l}ke  Forfeiture  of  their  Arrears ; 

5  < except 

*f   ENGLAND,  55 

r  except  fuch  whofe  prefent  and  lawful  Occafions  An.  13  Car.  I. 
'  may  require  their  Continuance,  to  be  approved  of     ^  ' 647> 

*  by  a  Committee  for  that  Purpofe  to  be  appointed.         jul^ 

*  And  that  the  Parliament  would  pleafe  to  make  fome 

*  fpeedy  and  certain  Provifion  for  the  fatisfying  of 
*"  all  Arrears  unto  the  Soldiery,  who  have  ferved  the 
4  Parliament,    within    fome  {hort    and   convenient 
'  Time,  to  be  paid   in   the  feveral   Counties   and 
4  Places  of  their  Abode,  according  to  the  Conditions 

*  of  their  Entertainment. 

3. '  *  That   all  Officers  and  Soldiers,  who  have 

*  been  in  Arms  againft  the  Parliament,  or  others 

*  who   have  affifted  or  contributed   thereunto,  be 

*  enjoined,    upon   Pain   of   Imprifonment,    within 
4  twenty  four  Hours  after  Publication,  to  repair  to 
4  their  feveral  Habitations,  and  to  fall  to  their  law- 
'  ful   Callings  j   and  that  fuch  Officers,    Soldiers, 

*  and  others,   as  have  no  Habitations  nearer,    be 

*  commanded    forthwith  to   withdraw  themfelves, 

*  and  to  continue  at  leaft  twenty  Miles  from  Lon- 
4  don  for  the  Space  of  forty  Days ;  except  fuch  as, 

*  by  a  Committee  authorized  and  appointed  for  that 

*  Purpofe,  fhall  have  Licence,  upon  juft  Caufe  by 
'  them  allowed,  to  remain,  in  or  near  London,   fo 

*  long  Time  yntill  they  have  difpatched  fuch  Bu- 
c  fineries  as  they  fhall  have  in  or  near  the  City;  which 
4  ended    then    prefently    to   retire    twenty   Miles 
'  from   the  City  upon  Pain   of  Imprifonment  as 

*  aforefaid. 

4.  '  That  fuch  Commanders  and  Soldiers  as,  ac- 

*  cording  to  former  Orders  of  the  Parliament,  have 
4  come  in  from   the  Army,   having  received  their 
•*  Monies,  may  be  otherwife  difpofed  of  as  the  Par*- 
4  liament  fhall  think  fit, 

5.  *  That  all  Perfons  whatfoever  that  are  po£- 
4  fefled  of  any   Monies  or  Goods  belonging  to  the 
4  Public,  may  be  enjoined  to  bring  the  fame,  with*- 

*  in  one  Month  after  Publication,  into  fuch  pub- 

*  lie  Treafury  as  is  or  fhall  be  appointed  for  that 

*  Purpofe  j  under  Penalty  to  forfeit  treble  the  Value 
4  of  that  which  fhall  be  duly  proyed  to  be  fo  con- 

*  cealed,  the  Half  of  the  Forfeiture  to  be  given 

P  4  'to 

56  f/je  parliamentary  HISTQRY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  <  to  fucb,  Perfons  as  {hall  make  Proof  of  fuch  Con-i 
1  l647'  -^   *  cealmenti  and tne  other  Half  to  be  applied  to  thq 
jvj"  *  Service  of  the  State. 

6.  '  That  all  Revenues,  as  well  fuch  as  are  due 

*  by  Sequeftration  or  otherwife,  be  managed  under 

*  fuch  Commiflion?,  and  by  fuch  Perfons 'as,  not- 
'  WKhftandi^g  any  Privilege  of  parliament  or  other- 
c.  wife,   may  be  held  to  Rules  as  are,  or  {hall 
(  be,  pre.c:ib:d   therein,   b/   Ordinance  of  Parlia- 
'  ment ;  anl  be  liable,  for  Breach  thereof,  to  anfwcr 
'  the  fame  in  due  Courfe  of  Law  ;  and  that  no  ar- 
4  bitrary  Power  may  be  exercifed  to  the  contrary  by 
4  any  Perfon  whatfoever. 

7.  *  That  the  Parliament  would,  for  the  prefent, 

*  pleafe  to  lay  afide   all  Bufmeffes  of  lefler  Confe- 

*  quence,    or  private    Concernment,   and   improve 
4  their    Time    and    utmbfl   Endeavour    that    fuch 

*  Laws  may  be  prepared  'for  his   Majefry's  Royal 
'  Concurrence  as  may   {ettle   the    Government  of 

*  the  Church,  fecure  the  People  from  all   unlaw- 
'  ful    and    arbitrary  Power  whatfoever  in   future, 
4  and  reflore  his  Majefty  to  his  juft  Rights  and  Au- 

*  thority,  according  to  the  Covenants  without  all 

*  which  the  Petitioners  can  neyer  expert  any  laft- 

*  ing  Eftablifliment ;  that  fo  this  long  divided  and 

*  diftraclcd  Kingdom  may   attain  to  the  Bleflings 

*  of  Peace  and  Unity  in  Church  and  Common- 
1  wealth. 

8.  *  And,  that  the  People  may  be  the  better  fe- 

*  cured  to  enjoy  the  Intended  Effects  of  fuch  Laws 

*  as  {hall  be  fo  made  with  the  Royal' AfTent,  thaf 

*  efpecial  Care  b,e  taken  that  all  Officers  of  State, 

*  and  other  Minifters  of  Juftice,  rnay  be  Perfons  of 

*  Honour,  of  confiderable  Interefr,  and  of  known. 
4  Integrity  to  the  Parliament  and  Kingdom. 

9.  '  That  the  Parliament  would  pleafe  to  pro- 

*  vide  for  the  carrying  on  pf  the  Affairs  in  Ireland^ 
'  by   a   fpeedy   tranfporting  the  Forces  which   lie 

*  rerdy  on  the  Sea-fide,  and  fuch  others  as  {hall  be 
c  willing  to  engage  in  that  Service,  and  by  fuch 
1  continual  Supplies  as  are  requifite  to  reduce  that 
4  Kingdom    to  the   Obedknce    of  the  Crown   of 

^ENGLAND.  57 

.'  England,  and  refcue  the  good  Party  left  there  out  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  of  the  bloody  Hands  of  thofe  barbarous  Rebels. 
i*  And,  for  the  better  Kncouragement  of  the  Subje&s 
£  of  this   Kingdom  to  continue    their  Supplies    for 

*  that  Service,  that,  with  as  much  Speed  as  conve- 

*  niently  may  be,  the  Parliament  will  pleafc  to  take 

*  Care  that  the  People  be  cafed  of  fuch  extraordinary 
.'  Charges  and  Burdens  as  have  long  lain,  and  flill 

*  remain,    upon  this  Kingdom. 

10.  '  That,  by  juft  and  good  Means,  the  Cor- 

*  refpondence  with  our  Brethren  of  Scotland  may,  ac- 
'  cording  to  the  National  Covenant,  be  maintained 

*  and  preferved. 

II.'  That  this  Honourable  Houfe  would  pleafe 

*  to  give  Order  for  a  fpeedy  Examination  of  all 

*  unlawful  Elections  and  Returns  of  the  Members 

*  thereof,  and  purge  the  Houfe  of  all  fuch  as  have 
'  been  unduly  chofen,   or  have  been  in  Arms  or  in 

*  Action  againft  the  Parliament  j  and  provide  for  the 

*  'Supply  of  their  Rooms,  according  to  the  Laws  of 
'  the  Land. 

12.  '  That  feme  fpeedy  Courfe  maybe  taken  for 
4  the  deciding  of  all  Caufes  formerly  determinable 
f  in  the  Court  of  Admiralty;  the  Trade  and  Navi- 
'  gation  qf  this  Kingdom,  an4  the  jCorrefpondence 
4  with  foreign  Nations,  being  very  much  prejudiced, 
'  difturbed,  and  endangered  for  Want  of  due  Pro- 
c  vifion  herein,  as  hath  formerly  been  at  large  repre- 
'  fented  unto  this  Honourable  Houfe. 

13.  «  And  laftly,  that  Satisfaction  being  made 
'  by  Delinquents,  according  to  the  Wifdom  of  Par- 

*  liament,  an  Adi  of  Oblivion  may  be  paffed,  for 
'  an  utter  Abolition  and  final  Reconcilement  of  all 

*  Parties  and  Differences,  and  for  the  quiet  fettling 

*  of  Peace,  Love,   and  Unity  among  the  Subjects 

*  of   this   Kingdom.      All   which    the   Petitioners 

*  fubmit    unto    the  Wifdom  of  this   Honourable 

*  Houfe.' 

The  above  Petition  was   prefented  alfo   to   the 
Commons,  and  had  only  this  Anfwer  returned  to 

5 8  The  Parliamentary  HIST  OR  Y 

An.  aj  Car.  i.  }t  from  both  Houfes,  «  That  the  Prefenters  had  their 

i.  *  A*7l_f    Thanks  for  their  conflant  and  good  Affeclions  to  the 

July.         Parliament  j  that  the  Particulars  of  the  Petition  were 

many  and  long,  and  a  great  Part  thereof  under  Con- 

fideration  already  j    and  the  reft  they  would  fpeedily 

confider  on,' Mr.  JWitlock  obferves  here,  (f) 

*  That  feveral  Members  attended  the  Houfe  lefs 
when  thefe  Matters  were  in  Agitation,  being  unfa- 
tisfied  that  the  Army  and  City  mould  thus  feem  to 

impofe  upon  the  Parliament. This  is  confirmed 

by  the  frequent  Inilances  in  the  Journal^  about 
this  Time,  of  Orders  of  Leave  for  Members  to  go 
into  the  Country. 


The  Commiflloners  refiding  with  the  Army  hav- 
ing fent  up  feveral  Papers  to  the  Houfe  of  Lords, 
they  were  read  as  follows  : 

For  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHEST  £  R, 
Copies  of  feveral  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS. 

Papers  prepara-  ,  „ 

tory  to  the  Trea-  frtcxaam,  July  J,    1647. 

?J£S  %        M«y  It  pleafe  your  Lcrdjhlp, 
tkt  Army.         *  T  T  Pon  Confideration  of  the  General's  Papers, 
«   \-J    which  we  fent  you  this  Morning,  we  have 

*  this  Day  made  a  further  Addrefs  to  the  General, 

*  defiring  him  to  make  known  unto  us  the  Perfons 

*  who  fhould  treat  with  us  upon   the  Papers  and 

*  Defires  fent  from  the  Army  to  the  Houfes,  and 

*  the  Votes  fent  to  us,  and  the  Time  and  Place  of 

*  meeting  ;  a  Copy  of  which  Letter  of  ours  to  the 
'  General  I  fend  you  here  inclofed  :  In  Anfwer  to 
'  which  the  General  fent  unto  us  this  Evening,  by 
'  Colonel  Fleetwood,  a  Commiflion  under  his  Hand 

*  and  Seal  for  certain  of  his  Officers  to  treat  with  us, 

*  beginning  in  the  Morning  at  our  Lodgings  by  eight 
1  o'Clock  ;  a  Copy  whereof  I  alfo  fend  you.  Of  our 

*  Proceeding  herein  your  Lordfhip  fhall  receive  frc» 
'  quent  Account. 

*  We  have  likewife  received  this  Day,  from  the 
4  General,  a  Vindication  of  the  Army  from  a  print- 
«•  cd  Pamphlet,  publifhed  to  the  Scandal  and  Pre^ 
(f)  Mtaieriah,  p.  260. 

« judicc 

of   ENGLAND.  59 

*  judicc  of  the  Army,  a  Copy  whereof  you  receive  An.  23  Car.  I* 

*  inclofed  from  ^_ 

Tour  Lordjhtp's  bumble  Servant,  July. 


COPY  -of  a  LETTER  from  the  CommiJJioncrs  to  the 
General,  mentioned  above. 

May  It  pleafc  your  Excellency, 

WE  have  confidered  your  Letter  to  us,  dated 
Yefterday,  in  which  we  perceive  your  Ex- 
cellency is  ready  to  appoint  Officers  to  treat  with 
us  upon  the  Papers  and  Defires  fent  from  the 
Army  to  the  Houfes,  and  the  Votes  fent  to  us  ; 
and  therefore  we  defire  again  that  the  Perfons, 
Time,  and  Place  may  be  made  known  unto  us, 
the  principal  of  our  laft  Propofitions  being,  to 
our  Apprehenfions,  already  fully  anfwered,  and 
the  reft  under  Confideration  ;  which,  we  hope, 
will  be  this  Pay  perfected.  We  are, 

S  I  R, 

Your  humble  Servants, 




Copy  of  the  GENERAL'S  COMMISSION  to  treat 
with  the  Commijfioners  of  Parliament, 

'  I  Hereby  appoint  Lieutenant-General  Cromwell^ 

*  A  Commiflary-General  Ireton,    Colonel    Fleet- 

*  wood,   Colonel   Rain/borough,   Colonel    Harrifon, 

*  Colonel  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller,  Colonel  Rich,  Co- 

*  lonel  Lambert,  Colonel  Hammond,  and  Major  Def- 

*  borough  ;  thefe  ten  or  any  five  of  them,  of  which 

*  the  major  Part  to  be  of  the  five  Jaft,  to  treat  and 

*  debate   with    the  Right  Honourable  the  Com- 

*  miffioners  of  Parliament  rending  with  the  Army* 
'  upon  the  Papers  and  Defires  fent  from  the  Army  to 

*  both  Houfes,  and  the  Votes  fent  to  the  Army,  ac- 

'  cording 

60  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a.  Car.  I.  f  cording  to  the  Effeft  pf  the  Order  of  both  Houfcs, 

t    '  *7'    ,     *  dated  the  26th  of  June,  1647  ;  and,  for  that  Pur- 

jaiy.          '  P°fe»  to  attend  the  faid  Cpmmiffioners  at  their 

'  lodgings    at    the   £ath,er.ine  IWecl^    To-morrow 

c  Morning  at  eight  o'Clock,  and  fo,  from  Time  to 

*  Time,  and  PJace  to  Place,  as  fliall  be  mutually 

*  agreed  upon. 

Given  under  my  Hand  and  Seal  at  Wickham,  tht 
frji  Day  of  July,  1647. 


POPY  of  a  DECLARATION  in   Vindication  of  tht 

Wickham^  July  i.  1647. 

TheUttcc\Vin-  c  TTTHereas  we  find  a  Paper,  lately  printed  and 

SSjJJfJf.  *    "         publiflied,  bearing  the  Title  of  Heads  prer 

private  Treaty     *  fented  by  the  Army  to  the  King's  Majcfly^  on  Satur- 

^f"^*01     '  day,  June  19,   1647  :  Though  we  think  it  will, 

KlDg>     «  of  itfelf,  appear  fuch  a  confufed  headlefs  Piece, 

'  fo  furreptitioufly  crept  forth,  and  in  fuch  a  pure 

4  Pamphlet  Drefs,  as  we  hope  it  will  gain  little 

f  Belief  to  our  Prejudice ;  yet,  to  avoid  any  Jea- 

'  loufies    or  doubtful  Thoughts   which    it  might 

'  poffibly  breed  in  any  honeft  Mind,  we  cannot  but 

'  take  Notice  of  it  j  and,  for  the  Vindication  of 

'  the  Army,  we  do  hereby  declare,  that  the  faid 

'  printed  Pamphlet  is  mqft  falfe,  fcandalous,  and 

*  injurious  to  us    and   this  Army  :    neither   hath 

*  there  been  any  fuch  Paper  prefented  to  his  Mar 
'  jefty,  by  or  from  this  Army  :  And  the  fame  we 

*  profefs  and  declare,  with  great  Deteftation,  con- 
'  cerning  another  written  Paper,  whereof  wp  had 
'  a  Copy  fhewed  to  us  Yefterday  by  the  Commif- 

*  miffioners  of  the  City,  intituled,  Articles  agreed  upon 

*  between  the  Army  and  the  King  the  i6tb  of  June. 

*  And  we  defire  all  that  wifti  well  ito  this  Army, 

*  the  King,  Parliament,  or  Peace  of  the  Kingdom, 

*  that  they  will  do  their  beft  to  find  out  and  difco- 

*  ver  the  Authors  and  Publishers  of  the  faid  Paper 

*  and  Pamphlet,  or  any  Thing  elfe  of  that  Na- 

*  turc 

*/*   ENGLAND.  61 

*  lure  that  may  be  divulged  concerning  the  Army,  An-  *3  Car>  r* 
'  to  interrupt  or  prejudice  the  prefent  Settling  and    t    *  *7'  ^ 

<  £ompofure  of  Affairs.  juiy. 

'  And  we  hope  it  will  not  be  further  needful,  or 

*  expected  from  us,  that  we  fhould  give  particular 
c  Anfwer  to  every  fcandalous  Paper  which  the  Ma- 

*  lice  of  our  Enemies  may  forge  againft  us  ;  but 

*  that  what  we  have  publiflied  to  the  World  in  our 

*  Reprefentation,  and  other  Papers  avowed  by  us, 

*  may  ferve  to  clear  our  Intentions  untill  we  fhall 
'  appear  to  adl  fomething  to  the  contrary. 

By  the  Appointment  of  bis  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War. 


This  Vindication  of  the  Army  was  ordered  by 
both  Houfes  to  be  printed,  and  is  in  Mr.  Rujh- 
worth's  Collegians  ;  though  neither  of  the  Papers, 
which  gave  ib  great  Difguft  to  that  formidable 
Body,  are  entered  there  in  the  Journals  :  But  we 
have  met  with  a  Copy  of  the  firft  of  them  in  the 
Library  of  the  late  Sir  John  Goodricke.  There  is 
not  the  Name  of  the  Printer  fubjoined  ;  nor  is  it 
reafonable  to  fuppofe  any  one  would  dare  to  own 
it  fo  publickly  ;  but  it  is  printed  on  a  broad  Sheet, 
and  runs  thus  : 

HEADS  prefented  by  the  ARMY  tt  the  KIN  c's 
June  19,  1647. 

I.  «  T^HAT  Dominion  Is  in  the  King,  and  The  pretcn-ted 
<     1      Property  in  the  Subject.  Articles  th«of. 

II.  '  That  they  will  reftore  his  Majefty  to  his 
'  Crown  and  Dignity. 

III.  *  That  his  Royal  Function  doth  not  take 

*  away  his  natural  Relation  ;  he  is   to  have  the 
c  Breeding  of  his  Children,  and  difpofmg  of  them 

*  in  Marriage. 

IV.  <  That  he  will  be  pleafed  to  invite  his  Royal 

*  Confort  the  Queen,  that  he  may  have  the  Com- 

*  fort  of  her  Society  ;  and  that  (he  fliall  have  the 

'  Exercifc 

6  2  ne  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  t-  *  Exercife  of  her  Religion  according  to  th«  Article! 

1647.        t  of  the  Marriage. 

*"f~rf     '         V.  *  That  they  will  not  meddle  with  the  Go- 
*  vernment  of  the  Church,  but  leave  it  in  Statu  quo 

VI.  c  That  he  be  pleafed  to  call  them  his  Army  ; 
'  and,  if  this  be  not  fufficient  Aflurance  of  their 

*  Loyalty  and  Fidelity,  that  his  Majefty  will   be 
«  pleafed  to  fet  upon  them  any   other  Character, 

*  whereby  they  may  be  more  notorioufly  known  to 

*  be  his  Servants. 

VII.  «•  Whereas  there  is  now  a  Difference  be- 

*  tween  the  Parliament  and  the  Army,  that  his 

*  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  be  the  Umpire  ;  for 

*  they  will  have  no  other  Judge  between  them  but 

*  his  Majefty. 

VIII.  «  That  his   Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to 

*  confent  to  the  Diflblution  of  this  Parliament  ;  and 

*  that,  by  the  firft  of  Augujl  next,  Writs  be  iflued 

*  out  for  the  calling  of  a  new  one. 

IX.  *  That  his  Majefty  will  be  pleafed  to  con- 
c  Tent  to  an  Act  of  Oblivion,  wherein  they  may  be 

*  fecured  as  well  as  his  own  Party,  with  a  fpecial 
«  Regard  had  to  tender  Confciences. 

'  Thefe  Heads  are  drawn  to  a  Declaration,  whichr 
c  is  expected  to  come  forth,  printed  at  Cambridge.  \g} 

Whether  fuch  a  Treaty  was  actually  on  Foot  or 
not  between  the  King  and  the  Army,  and  they 
might,  upon  the  Difcovery  thereof,  think  proper  to 
deny  it  ;  or  whether  it  was  a  Device  of  the  King's 
Party  to  render  the  Breach  wider  between  the 
Parliament  and  the  Army,  is  left  to  the  Reader's- 
Judgment  :  But  it  is  evident  from  the  Letters  we 
have  lately  given,  and  other  foregoing  Circum- 
ftances,  that  the  King  was  treated  with  much  more 
Refpect  at  this  Time  by  the  Army  than  he  had 
been  at  Holdenby  by  the  Parliament's  Commif- 
fioners.  General  Ludlmv's  Account  of  the  Army'f 

(g)  The  Army  was  then  at  Nnvgtarket,  and  their  Remonftrancet, 
ftfc.  at  that  Time  were  printed  at  Ceuniriilre,  by  Regtr  Daniel,  the 
Univerfity  Printer,  of  which  there  are  levera!  Inftanees  In  ouf 
Fifteenth  Volume, 


^/ENGLAND.  63 

Conduct  towards  the  King  we  have  already  men-  Am  43  Car.  I. 
lioned  :  And  Lord  Clarendon's  will  fall  not  impro- 
perly  in  this  Place  (h). 

'  The  King  found  himfelf,  when  at  Newmarket^ 
attended  by  greaterTroops  and  fuperior  Officers  ;  fo 
that  he  was  prefently  freed  from  any  Subjection  to 
Mr.  Joyce*  which  was  no  fmall  Satisfaction  to 
him  ;  and  they  who  were  about  him  appeared  Men 
of  better  Breeding  than  the  former,  and  paid  his 
Majefty  all  the  Refpect  imaginable,  and  feemed  to 
cbfire  to  pleafe  him  in  all  Things.  All  Reftraint 
was  taken  off  from  Perfons  reforting  to  him,  and 
he  faw  every  Day  the  Faces  of  many  who  were 
grateful  to  him  ;  and  he  no  fooner  defired  that  fome 
tof  his  Chaplains  might  have  Leave  to  attend  upon 
him  for  his  Devotion,  but  it  was  yielded  to  j  and 
they  who  were  named  by  him  (who  were  Dr.  Shel- 
<&«,  Dr.  Morley,  Dr.  Sanderfon^  and  Dr.  Ham* 
rnond)  were  prefently  fent,  and  gave  their  attend- 
ance, and  performed  their  Function  at  the  ordi- 
nary Hours,  in  their  accuftomed  Formalities  ;  all 
Perfons  who  had  a  Mind  to  it  being  fuffered  to  be 
prefent,  to  his  Majefty's  infinite  Satisfaction  }  who 
begun  to  believe  that  the  Army  was  not  fo  much 
his  Enemy  as  it  was  reported  to  be  ;  and  the  Army 
had  fent  an  Addrefs  to  him  full  of  Proteftation  of 
Duty,  and  befought  him,  *  That  ne  would  be  con- 

*  tent,  for  fome  Time,  to  reiide  among  them,  un- 
'  til  the  Affairs  of  the  Kingdom  were  put  into  fuch 

*  a  Pofture  as  he  might  find  all  Things  to  his  own 
c  Content  and  Security  ;  which  they  infinitely  de-> 

*  fired  to  fee  as  foon  as  might  be,  and  to  that  Pur- 

*  pofe  made  daily  Inftances  to  the  Parliament.'     In 
the  mean  Time  his  Majefty  fat  ftill,  or  removed 
to  fuch  Places  as  were  moft  convenient  for  the 
March  of  the  Army,  being  in  all  Places  as  well 
provided  for  and  accommodated  as  he  had  ufed  to 
be  in  any  Progrefs  ;  the  beft  Gentlemen  of  the  fe- 
veral  Counties  through  which  he  pafTed  daily  re- 
fbrted  to  him  without  Diftin&ion  ;    he  was  at- 

(b)  Hiflorj,  Vol.  V.  p.  50.  SOT  Edit. 


64  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.   ten(3eci  by  fome  of  his  old  trufty  Servants   in  the 

t    .  T  47'     ,   Places  neareft  his  Perfon  ;  and   that  which    gave" 

July.         him    moft   Encouragement   to    belreve    that   they 

meant   well,  was   that,  in  the  Army's  Addrefs  to 

the  Parliament,  they  defircd,  *  That  Care   might 

c  be  taken  for  fettling  the  King's  Rights  according 

*  to  the  feveral  Profeffions  they  had  made  in  their 

*  Declarations  ;  and  that  the  Royal  Party   might 
'  be  treated  with  more  Candour  and   lefs  Rigour;' 
and  many  good  Officers,  who  had  fcrved  his  Ma- 
jefty  faithfully,  were  civilly  received  by  the  Offi- 
cers of  the  Army,  and  lived  quietly  in  their  Quar- 
ters, which  they  could  not  do  any  where  elfe  ; 
which    raifed    a    great    reputation    to    the    Army 
throughout  the  Kingdom,  and  as  much  Reproach' 
upon  the  Parliament.' 

The  fame  Day  that  the  foregoing  Letters  and 
Papers  from  the  Parliament's  and  the  Army's 
Commimoners  were  read  in  both  Houfes,  a  Letteik 
was  alfo  prefented  to  them  from  the  Elector  Pala- 
tine^ fignifying  his  Intentions  to  vifit  his  Majefty. 
That  unhappy  Prince,  whofe  principal  Support,  at 
this  Time,  was  a  Penfion  of  8000  /.  per  Annum 
from  the  Parliament,  had  taken  Part  wfth  them 
againft  his  Royal  Uncle,  and  had  even  ctmde- 
fcended  to  accept  of  a  Seat  in  the  Aflembly  of  Di- 

The  Copy  of  this  Letter,  as  entered  in  the  Lords 
Journals,  addrefled  to  their  Speaker,  runs  thus  : 

My  Lord,  July  2,  1647. 

The  Elector  Pa- c  Tp  HE  unhappy  Differences  between  the  King 
latine  defires  c  J|  anj  t^e  Parliament  being  in  an  hopeful 
^meMtovifir'  Way  of  Compofure,  and  his  Majefty,  for  the 
bis  Majefty.  <  prefent,  near  thefe  Parts,  it  is  looked  upon  as 
c  what  may  well  become  my  Duty,  in  the  near 

*  Relation  I  have  to  him,  to  make  a  Journey  to 
<  kifshis  Hands;  yet,  out  of  my  Refpe&s  (which 
c  are  unalterable)  to  this  Houfe,  I  thought  fit  to 
«  forbear  it,  until  I  know  whether  they  wiH  ap- 
6  prove  of  it :  I  do  therefore  defire  your  Lordfhip 

4  to 

^ENGLAND.  65 

c  to  acquaint  them  therewith,  that,  in  cafe  it  ftand  Aa-  23  Ca*  I' 

*  with   their  Liking,   I  may  fend  alfo  to  know  his 
'  Majefty's  Pleafure  therein ;  thus  I  reft 

Tour  Lordjhips  moji  affectionate  Friend, 

Both  Houfcs  ordered  that  it  be  left  to  the  Prince 
Elector  to  do  as  he  fhould  think  fir :  That  a  Com- 
mittee be  appointed  to  acquaint  his  Highnefs  there- 
with ;  and  that  they  took  well  the  Refpecl  he  had 
ftiewn  to  the  Parliament  on  this  Occafion.  —  A  few 
Days  after,  the  Elector  waited  upon  the  King  at  the 
Lord  Craven's  Houfe,  near  Caverfham. 

July  3.  In  the  Houfe  of  Lords  feveral  more 
Letters  were  read  addrefs'd  to  their  Speaker.  And 

A  Letter  from  the  Lord  Montague. 

My  Lord,  Windfor  July  2,   164.7. 

1  TH  HE  King  removed  Yeftcrday  from  HatfeklMartlcttenit- 
c    JL     to  Jfmdfir,  where   Colonel   Whichcot,  be-'" 

*  ing  Governor,  hath  the  Command  of  the  prefent 

*  Guard  j   and  we  have  given  him  our  Orders  to 

*  remove  Dr.  Sheldon  and  Dr.  Hammond  from  about 

*  the  Perfon  of  the  King,  with  all    others   that, 

*  by  your  late  Votes  and   the  fifth  Article  of  our 

*  Inftrudlions,  are  not  permitted  to  have  Accefs  to 

*  his   Majefty.     Thefe  Orders  he  hath    willingly 

*  received  from  us,   and  undertaken  to  obey  them 
'  accordingly. 

*  The  Duke  of  Richmond  went  away  from  Hat- 
'•field  two  Days  ago.  This  is  all  at  prefent  we  have 

*  to  acquaint  you  with,  being  very  defirous,  as  far  as 

*  in  us  lies,  toobferve  your  Commands,  remaining, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lordjhip's  mojt  humble  Servant, 

?.  S. 


.  S.  «  The  King  intends  to  remove  from  hence 

Caver  fliam,  near  Reading,  To-morrow.' 

OL.  XVI.  E  Nex^ 


6  6  T/-t'  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  ft  V 

An'iV  Car-t'       Next,  a  Letter  from  the  Commiflioners  r 

, _    ,  with  the  Armyj  with  feveral  Papers  inclofed,  was1 

jBly.          read. 

Wickbam  Jufy  2j  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lordfhi^ 

ty  be-  '  "T^  ^11  o  Day  we  have  entered  upon  the  Treaty, 
tween  the  Par-  '  X  The  Commiifions  on  both  Parts  have  beert 
JSJ^^J"  c  read>  and  fome  Propofitions  touching  the  Me- 
thofe  of  the  Ar-  *  thod  of  our  Proceeding  in  the  Treaty  mutually 
nay.  *  confented  unto,  the  Copies  whereof  we  fend  here 

*  inclofed. 

*  We  have  Notice  given  us  that  the  General  and 
'  his  Council  of  War  are  refolved   to  remove  the 

*  Head-Qtrarters"  To-morrow  to  Reading  ;•  at  which 
4  Place,   they   allure  us,    they  will   proceed  in  thfe 

*  Treaty  with   all    Diligence    and   Expedition   oa 
4  Monday  Morning  by    feven  oJC-lock ;     thus  we 
1  reft 

Your  Lsrdjhip's  bumble  Servant, 


The  Papers  above-referred  to   in  the  Commu- 
fioners  Letter : 

At  the  Treaty  begun  at  Wiclcham,  July  2,  1647, 
prefenty  of  the  C&nimijjioners  of  the  Parliament ,  the 
Earl  of  Nottingham,  Lord  Wharton,  Field-Mar* 
yfta/'Slcippon,  Sir  Henry  Vane  jun.  Sir  Thomas 
Widdrington,  Colonel  White,  Thomas  Scawen, 
Efq ;  and  Thomas  Povey,  Efq ; 

Prffent,  of  the  Commijfioners  of  the  Arrny^  CommiJJary- 
General  Ireton,  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller,  Col.  Rich, 
Col.  Lambert,  Major  Defborough. 

c  TT1  OR  the  Method  of  Proceedings,  it  is  offer'd 
'  JL    by  the   Commiflioners  of  Parliament,  that 

*  feeing  the  Treaty  is  to  be  had  upon  the  Papers  and 
'  Defires  fent  from  the  Army  to  the  Houfes,  and 
«  the  Votes  of  the  Houfes  fent  to  their  CommilTi- 

*  oners  refiding  with  the  Army, 

5  i.  «  That 

of   E'  N  G  L  A  N  O.  67 

1.  e  That  in  all  Matters  to  be  treated  on,  there  An.  23  Car.  1. 
t  fllall  be  a  free  Debate  had  by  Conference.  v_l!*7' 

2.  '  That  the  Refults  of  fuch  Debates,  in  Points      "  July. 

*  that  relate  to  the  Defires  of  the  Army,  fhall  be, 
'  by  the  Commiflioners  of  Parliament,  delivered  to 

*  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Army  in  Waiting  to  be 

*  prefented  to  the  Council  of  War  for  their  Con- 
'  fideration,  that  a  fpeedy  Conclufion  may  be  there- 
'  upon  had, 

3.  '  That  in  this  Treaty  nothing  fhall  be  taken 

*  for  the    Defire,  Opinion,  or  Refolution  of  the 
'  Commiflioners,  ort  either  Part,  but  what  is  given 

*  in  Waiting,  figned  by  their  refpecSlive  Secretaries. 

4.  *  That  in  the  managing  of  the  Treaty,  and 
1  for  the  more  fpeedy  Expedition,    at  any  Time, 

*  Papers  figned  as  aforefaid  may  be  fent  arid  re- 
'  ceived  betwixt  the  Commiflioners  upon  emergent 
'  Occafions. 

5.  '  That  we  fhall  be  defirous  to  hear  from  the 
8  Commiflioners  of  the  Army  the  Way  and  Method 

*  wherein  they  intend  to   proceed  in  the  managing 

*  of  the  Defires  of  the  Army  \  wherein  we  {hall  not 
'  doubt  but  that  they  will  take  fuch  Courfe  as  may 
'  tend  to  the  greateft  Expedition. 

6.  c  That  Meetings  of  the  Commiflioners  fhall 

*  be,  from  Time  to  Time;  by  mutual  Agreement 
'  of  the  Commiflioners,  or  upon  the  Defires  of  ei- 

*  ther  Party  reflectively,  at  fuch  Place  within  the 
'  Head-Quarters  as  the  Commiflioners  for  the  Par- 

*  liament  fhall  appoint. 

Signed  by  the  Appointment  of  the  Ccmmijfionen  of 

GEO.  PYKE,  Secretary. 

JPickham,  Catherine-JPheel,  July  2,   1647. 
O  the  Offers  of  the  Right  Honourable  the 
Commiflioners  of  Parliament,  for  the  Me- 

*  thod  of  Proceeding,    the  Commiflioners   of  the 

*  Army  do  anfwer : 

«  To  the  firft  we  agree  fully.     To  the  fecond 

*  we  agree.     To  the  third  We  wholly  agree. '   To 

£2  «  the 

68  ¥he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ar.  13  Car.l.  <  the  fourth  we  agree.     To  the  fifth  we  fhall  wil- 

*  lingly   perform  what  is  dcfired,  at  leaft  in  Parts, 
'  from  Time  to  Time  as  there  is  Occafion  ;  but  we 

*  defire  that  there  may  be  no  Stop  to  the  Procced- 

*  ings  in  the  Treaty,  upon  any  Part  of  the  Things 

*  to  be  treated  on,    in  Expectation   of  a  general 
4  Method  for  the  Whole.     To  the  fixth  we  wholly 
4  agree. 

Signed  by  the  Appointment  of  the  CommiJ/ionen  of 
of  the  Army.  CLERKE< 

The  Lords  received  Advice  this  Day,  that  a 
Meflenger  had  been  lent  to  JVlndfor  to  enquire  after 
Dr.  Sheldon  and  Dr.  Hammond,  and  to  ferve  their 
Lordmips  Order  upon  them,  requiring  them  to 
appear  before  that  Houfe,  but  that  they  were  gone 
from  thence. 

July  6.  A  Letter  from  the  Lord  Montague  was 
read,  directed  as  ufual. 

My  Lardy  Cavcrjham  July  4,    1647, 

4  "\T  Efterday  the  King  removed  from  It'indfcr  to 
4  JL  Cavcrjham,  where  now  he  is.  Dr.  Sheldon, 
4  Dr.  Hammond^  and  others  in  like  Condition,  have 

*  the  fame  Liberty  'of  Accefs  as  they  had  before  his 
c  Majefty  cam?  to  fPfruflor.  This  is  all  the  Account 

*  I  can  give  you,  remaining, 

My  Lord, 

Tour  Lordjhip1!:  vwjl  humble  Servant, 

A  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Nottingham  was  read. 

Readin?,  July  5,    1647. 
Eleven  at  Night. 

May  it  pleafi  ysur  Lord/hip, 

4  VT7  E  acquainted  you,  by  our  laft,  that  this 
4  W  Morning,  at  Seven,  we  were  again  to 
4  maet  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Army,  to  make 

£  farther 

of    ENGLAND. 

'  farther  Proceeding  upon  the  Treaty;  in  Expec- An. 

*  tation  whereof  we  continued  until  pad  Twelve  of 

*  the  Clock  this  Day,  when  we  had  Notice  given 

*  us  by  Commiffary-General  Irtton^   Sir  Ilardrefe 
'  Waller,  and  fome  others  of  the  Commiflioners, 
'  that  the  Bufinefs   of  the  Charge  concerning  the 

*  eleven  Members,  and  fome  other  intervening  Qc~ 

*  cafions,  had   taken  up  fo  much    Time  that   they 

*  could  not  poflibly   come  to  us  fooner  ;    but  they 
4  allured    us    that    this    Afternoon,    about    Two 
'  o'Clock,  they  would  give  us  a  Meeting ;   about 

*  which  Time  they  came  accordingly,  and,  in  the 

*  firft  Place,    propounded    for   our    Debate   fome 

*  Things  which  they  affirmed  to  be  wanting  in  the 

*  late  Votes  of  the  tioufes,  in  relation  to  the  De- 

*  fires  of  the  Army  lent  from  Uxbridge,  "June  the 
'  27111,    1647.     At  this    Meeting  alfo  Intimation 
<  was  given  unto  us,  that  they  have  feveral  Things 
c  of  Weight    to  offer,    very  much  conducing,  as 

*  they  fay,  to  the  preferving  of  the  Peace  and  Safety 

*  of  the  Kingdom  :  Unto  which  we  replied,  That 
'  if  the  Things   they   had  to  offer  were  contained 
'  within  the  Papers  and  Defires  of  the  Army,  to 

*  which  our  Commiffion  refers,  we  ftiould  then  he 

*  ready  to  debate  upon  them  when  they  were  com- 
'  municated  to  us. 

4  We  are  in  continual  Expectation  to  have  what 

*  they  have  to  offer  to  us  hereupon  ;  but  it  is  fo  late 

*  at  Night  that  we  cannot  hope  to  come  to  any  De- 

*  bate  thereof  till  To-morrow  Morning  ;  and  there - 

*  fore  hojd  it  our  Duty  to  give  you  this  Account  at 
«  prefent,  and  reft 

Your  Lord/hip's  humble  Servant y 


•  The  fame  Day,   July  6,   a  particular  Charge  of 

Impeachment,  for  high  Crimes  and  Mifdemeanors, 

was  prefented,  by  feveral  Officers  of  the  Army,  to 

the  Houfe  of  Commons  againft  the  Eleven  Mem- 

E  3  bers, 

70  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  C»r.  I.bcrs,  whom  we  have  lately  mentioned,  and    (hall 

L  l6*7'.    i    have  Occafion  to  do  more  frequently  hereafter. 

jujyt  The  Officers   being  withdrawn,   the  impeached 

Members,  (who,  at  their  own  Dcfue,  had  Leave  to 

abfent  themfelvcs  from  the  Service  of  the  Houfe  on 

the  26th  of  laft  Month)  being  fent  for,  and  call'd 

in,  the  Charge  was  read  ;    and  they  gave  a  general 

Anfwer  to  the  Particulars  they  were   refpe&ively 

concern'4    in,       A    Day  was   alfo   appointed   for 

taking  this  Matter  into  farther  Confideration. 

Thus  far  the  Journals :  But  the  Articles  of  this 
Charge  are  not  entered  there,  nor  in  Mr.  Ru/h~ 
wortb's  Qollcftians^  although  fubfcribed  by  himfel*, 
as  Secretary  to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and  the  Council 
pf  War,  and  printed  by  their  Appointment  at 
the  Time ;  from  which  Edition  the  following  is 
a  Copy  (a). 

4  particular  CHARGE  or  I  MPEACHMEN  T,  in 
the  Name  of  bis  Excellency  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax, 
and  the  Army  under  bis  Command  againji  Denzil 
Holies,  Efq;  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  Sir  William 
Lewis,  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  Sir  William 
Waller,  Sir  John  Maynard,  Knights,  Major 
General  MafTey,  John  Glynne,  Efq  ;  Recorder  of 
London,  Walter  Long  Efq ;  Colonel  Edward 
Harley,  and  Antony  Nicholl,  Efa  ;  Members  of 
the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

A  particular  c  "IT  7  Hereas  on  the  i5th  Day  of  June  laft,  the 
charge  of  im-  t  \\  Heads  of  a  Charge  were  Delivered,  in  the 
SSuTSie1"*" c  Nam?  of  the  faid  Armyx  unto  the  Commfffioners  of 
Commons,  in  '  Parliament,  to  be  fent  up  to  the  Parliament  againft 
the  Name  of  the  <  the  Perfons  above-named  :  Now,  in  Profecution 
tie'ra  Members '  an<^  Maintenance  thereof,  and  according  to  the 
«f  that  Houfe,  '  Power  thereby  referved,  it  is,  in  the  Name  of  the 

'  faid  Army,    more  particularly  charged  againft  the 

*  faid  Perfons  as  followeth  : 

I,  «  That  the  faid  Mr,    Denzil  Holies,    during 

<  the  late  War,  in  Profecution  of  the  evil  Defigns 

(a)  Printed  for  Gccrgt  Whittingtan,  at  the  Bht  Anchor  in   Corn- 
bill,  near  the  Royal  Exchange,  1647. . 

«  cxpreflcd 

^ENGLAND.  71 

*.exprefled   in  the  general   Heads  of  Articles  for>  An-  *3  Car.  I 
-*  merly   exhibited,  contrary  to  the  Truft  repofed 
f  in  him,  contrary  to  his  Oath  taken  in  June  1643, 

*  and  contrary   to    the  Ordinance   of  Parliament, 
«  dated  in  Otfober   1643,  hath  aflifted  the  King  in 

*  the  late  unnatural  War,  and  held  Correfpondence 

*  and  Intelligence  with  the  Enemy  againft  the  Par- 

*  liament,  jn  Manner  following,   viz.     He?  being 

*  one  of  the  fpecial  Commiflioners  for  the  Parlia- 

*  ment,  to  prefent  Propofidons  of  both   Houfes  to 

*  the  King  at  Oxford,  did  privately,  and  contrary 
<  to  his  Inftrudions,  at   feveral  Times,  make  his 

*  Addrefles  unto  the  King's  Party  there,  then  in 
.*  Arms  againft   the   Parliament,    namely,   to  the 
•c  Earl  of  Lindfey,   the    Earl   of  Southampton,    the 
5  Lord  Saville  and  others ;  and  did  ,(ecretly  pjot  and 

*  advife  with  them  againft  the  Parliament ;    and 

*  did  intimate  unto  them,  or  on,e  pf  them,   that 

*  the  faid  Proppfitions,  then  fent  unto  his  Majefty 

*  by  the  Parliament,  were  unreafonable :  And  be- 
'  ing  demanded  wj?at  Anfwer  he  would   advife  the 
'  King  ,to  make  to  the  faid  Propofitions,  he  did 
4  advife  that  the   King  fliould  demand  a  Treaty 
«  howeyer,  and  then  declare  how  unreafonable  the 

*  Propofitions  were  ;  and  that  yet,  for  the  Peace  of 

*  the  Kingdom,  his  Majefty  would  treat  upon  them  ; 

*  but  withall  wifhed  the  Treaty  might  be  in  Lon- 
f-  don,  whither  the  King  himfelr  fhould  come  upon 

*  Security :    Adding,   That  there  was  nothing  in 

*  the  World  that  the  violent  Party  (meaning  the 

*  well-affe.tSted  Party  to  the  Parliament  againft  the 

*  Enemy)  did  fo  much  fear  as  his  Majefty's  coming 
'  to  London^  which  would  be  a  certain  Diflblution  of 
.'  their  Authority  and  Power :   And  the  faid  Mr. 

*  Holies  bad  thofe  faid    Perfons,  or  one   of  them, 

*  aflure  the  King,  That  if  his    Majefty  knew  as 

*  much  as  he  knew,  his  Majefty  would  take  his 
'  Horle  and  be  at  London  the  next  Day,  or  Wqrds 
'  to  that  EfFeil. 

'  And  it  being  again  demanded,  whether,  (if  the 

f  J£ing  fhould  be  willing  to  come)  it  would  be  ac- 

E  4  *  cepted 

72  *f he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  43  Car.  I.  «  cepted   of?  he  thereto  anfwered,  That  certainly 

v  l6*7'    t    *  it  would  be  much  oppofed,  but  yet  he  was  con- 

juj  '  fident  that  he  and  his  Party  (meaning  fome  of  the 

'  Members  above-named,  and  others)  fhould  carry 

*  it,  anJ  wifhed  the  King  to  put  it  upon  that  Trial. 

*  And  the  faid  Mr.  Holies  was  defiled  by   the  Earl 

*  of  Lindfey,\\\e,  Earl  of  Southampton^^  Lord  Savilley 

*  or  one  cf  them,  that  he  would  be  pleafed  to  draw 

*  fuch  an  Anfwer  in  Writing  to  the  faid  Propofi- 

*  tiom,  as   he  dcfired  the  King  fhould   fend  ;  and 

*  the  faid  Earl  of  Southampton,  who  was  that  Night 

*  to  lie  in  the  King's  Bed-Chamber,  would  per- 

*  fuade  the  King  to  condefcend  unto  it ;  and  there- 

*  upon  he  withdrew,   and,  either  the  fame  Day  or 

*  the  next,  accordingly  carried  unto  the  faid  Lords, 

*  or  one  of  them,  a  Paper  ready  written  ;  which, 

*  as  he  faid,  was  fuch  an  Anfwer  to  the  faid  Pro- 

*  portions  as   he  had  drawn   for  the  King  to  fend 
'  to  the  Parliament ;  which  was  taken  by  the  faid 

*  Lords,  'or  one  of  them,  and  carried  to  the  King 

*  to  be  confidered  of;  and-fo  much  thereof  as  ad- 

*  vifed  the  King's  Coming  to  London  was  laid  by, 

*  the  King  fearing  to   adventure  himfelf,  but   the 

*  reft  of  the  faid  Paper  the  Lord  Digby  (who  wrote 

*  the  King's  Anfwer  to  the  Proportions)  made  ufe 

*  of  in  the    fame  Words,    as    Mr.  Holies  had  fet 
'  down  ;  who,  to  ingratiate  hfmfelf  with  the  King's 

*  Party,    did,    about    the   fame    Time,   revile   the 
'  well-affected    Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
4  mons,  declaring  unto  the  King's  Party  at  Oxford, 
'  or  fome  of  them,  that  thofe  well -affected  Mem- 

*  bers  (which,  to  render  them  the  more  odious   as 

*  he  conceived,  he  named  the  violent  Independent 
'  Party)  had  ill  Intentions,  and  great  Averfnefs  to 

*  Peace  ;  and  that  nothing  would  be  more  pleafing 
f  to  them  than  for  the  King  to  refufe  the  Propofi- 

*  tions,  how  unreafonable   (oever  the  fame  were  : 

*  And  he  alfo  then  faid,  That  the  Commiflioners 
'  of  Scotland  were  very  weary  of  that  violent  Party  ; 

*  and  that  they,  being  defperate  to  eftablifh  their 

*  Prcfbvtery  here  as  in  Scotland,  made  their  Ad- 

*  drelTes 

^ENGLAND.  73 

'  dreffes  to  him  and  his  Party.     All  which  tended  An>  23  c«.  i. 

*  to  the  protra&ing  of  the  faid   late  War,  and  to 

*  the  Hinderance  of  a  happy  Peace. 

'  And  the  faid   Mr.  Holies  did  alfo,    after  that, 

*  receive  from  the  Earl  of  Lindfey  at  Oxford,  a  Let- 

*  ter  written  in  white  Ink,  concerning  fome  fecret 
'  Defign  ;  and  kept  it  from   the  Knowledge  of  the 
'  Houle  from   February  till  about  July  after,  when 
'  k  was  difcovered  by  him  that  brought  it ;  but  the 
'  Letter  itfelf  was  by  Mr.  Holies,  after  he  had  read 
'  it,  burnt ;  and  the  Earl  of  Linfey  moved  the  King 

*  for  a  Pals  for  Mr.  Holies  to  go  to  Oxford;  but  the 
'  King  refufed  to  grant  it,  faying,  That  Holies  did 
'  him  better  Service  in  the  Parliament  than  he  could 
'  do  him  at  Oxford. 

II.  «  That  the  faid  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  Philip 
'  Stapylton,  during  the  faid  late  Wars,  when  the 
c  Earl  of  Lindfey  went  from  the  Tower  of  London 

*  to  Oxford,  fent  feveral    Meflafjes  of  Intelligence 

*  to   the  Earl  of  Dorfet  and  Lord  Digby  ;  thereby 

*  afluring  them,    that  they  did  better   Service  for 

*  the  King  here  in  Parliament  than   they  could  do 

*  him  if  they  were  at  Oxford;    and  Sir  Philip  Sta- 
'  pylton  defired  that  the   Earl  of  Dorfet  would  pre- 
'  ferve  him  and  his  Friends  in  the  good  Opinion  of 

*  his  Party  at  Oxford,  which  was  then  the  King's 
'  Garrifon,  and  he    would    do   as   much    for    his 
'  Lordfhip   and  his  Frinds   here  with  the  Parlia- 

*  ment. 

'  And  the  faid  Mr.    "HoUes  and  Sir  Philip  Stapyl- 

*  ton,  the  more  to  ingratiate   themfelves  into  the 

*  Favour  of  the  Enemy,  did,  of  their  own  Accord, 
'  without  any  Direction  of  the   Parliament,  draw 
'  up  other   Propohrions    than   thofe  mentioned   hi 

*  the  preceding  Articles,  which  they  affirmed  were, 
'  in  their  Judgments,  fit  for  the  King  to  grant,  and 

*  for  the  Parliament  to  ciefire  ;  and  being  fo  drawn 
4  up,  fent  them  privately   to  his  Majefty,  without 

*  any    Authority    of    Parliament    to    warrant    the 
4  fame. 

III.  «  That  the  faid  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  Philip  Sta- 

*  pylton,  Sir  William  Lewis,  Sir   John   Clotworthv, 


74  T&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  27  Car.  I.  (.  SJr  ffTtlliam  Waller,  Sir  John  Maynard,  Major- 

•  .    '  f^'_.    c  General  M.ijjlc,  Mr.  Glynne,  Mr.  Long,  Col.  £</- 

July.         *  ward  Harley,    and   Anthony   Nicboll,    in    March, 

*  April,  May,  and  JHW  laft,  and  at   other  Times, 

*  in  profecution  of  the  eyil  Defigns  in  the  fever- 

*  al    general    Heads   mentioned,    have    frequently 

*  aflernblcd   and  met  together  at  the  Lady  Car  life's 

*  Lodgings  in  Whitehall,  and  in  other  places,  with 
'  divers  other  Perfons  difafFe&ed  to  the  State,  (  with- 
4  out    any   Authority  of  Parliament)   for  holding 

*  Correfpondency  with  the  Queen  of  England  now 
?  in  France,  and  her  Participants  ;  with  an  Intent, 
'  by  fuch  fecret  and  clandeftine  Treaties  amongft 

*  themfelves,  to   put  Conditions   upon  the  Parlia- 
'  ment,  and  to  bring  in  the  King  upon  their  own 

*  Terms  ;  and  having  a  great  Power  upon  the  Trea- 
'  fure  of  this  Kingdom,  have  therewith  maintained 

*  and  encouraged,  by  Penfions  and  otherwife,  the 
'  Queen's    Party    in  France,    thereby   to  beget  a 

*  fecond  and  more  bloody  War  in  this  Kingdom  : 

*  And  they,  or  fome,  or  one  of  them,  afTur'd  the 

*  Queen  of  40,000  /.  per  Annum,  if  fhe  would  aflift 

*  them   in  their  Defign  ;    and   that  they  would  do 
more  for  the  King  than  the  Army  would  do  ;  and 
that  they  would  find  out  fome  Means  to  deftroy  the 

<  Army  and  their  Friends. 

IV.  «  That  in  further  Purfuance   of  the  fame 
«  evil  Defigns,  the  faid  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  Ph'nip  Sta~ 

*  pylton,  Sir  IVilUam  Lewis,  Sir  "John  Clotworthy,  Sir 
«  William  Waller,  and  Major-General  Majjie,  by  the 

*  Combination  aforefaid,  within  three  Months  laft 
'  paft,  without  any  Authority  of  Parliament,  invited 

*  the  Scots  and  other  foreign  Forces    to  come  into 

*  this  Kingdom  in  a  hoftile  Manner,  to  abet  and 

*  aflift  them  in  the  profecuting  and  effecting  of  their 

*  faid  Defigns. 

«  And  the  faid  Mr.  Wolks  very  lately  fent  to  the 
'  faid  Queen  of  England,  then  and  ftill  in  France, 

*  advifing  her,  amongft  other  Things,  fpeedily  to 

*  fend  the  Prince  into  Scotland,  to  march  into  this 

*  kingdom  at  the  Head  of  an  Army  3  and  did  fend 

f  a  fpeciaj 


of   ENGLAND.  75 

*  a  fpec'ul  Meflenger  to  her  for  fuch  Ends  and  Pur-  An.  •>••>.  Car.  i. 
4  pofes. 

4  And  ,the  faid  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  Philip  Stapyhon, 

*  Sir  miliam  Leivis,  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  Sir  Wii- 
^  ll<nn  Waller •,  Sir  ^Aw  Maynar'dt  Mr.  Glynne,  Ma- 

*  jor-General    Alaffie,    Mr.    Z0/7£,    Col.    Edward 
4  tiarlcy,  and   Antbwy  Nicholl,    have    under-hand, 

*  of  their  own  Accord,  without  Authority  of  Par- 

*  liament,  lifted,  or  caufed  or  procured  to  be  lifted, 

*  divers  Commanders  and   Soldiers,   endeavouring 

*  thereby  to  levy  and  mile  a  new  War  in  this  King- 

*  dom,  to  protect  themfelves  in  their  unjuft  Oppref- 
4  fions  and  factious  defigns  j   and  have,  at  feveral 

*  Times  within  two  Months  laft  paft,  invited,  en- 

*  couraged,  abetted,  and  counfelled  Multitudes  of 
'  Reformado  Officers  and  Soldiers,  and  other  rude 

*  Perfons,  tumultuoufly  and  violently  to  gather  to- 

*  gether  at  JPeJlmin/lery  to  affright  and   affaujt  the 
1  Members  of  Parliament  in  their  Paffage  to  and 
.?  from  the  Houfe  ;  to  ofFer  Violence  to  the  Houfe 
4  itfelf,   by  locking  the  Door  thereof  upon  them, 

*  and  fo  imprifpning  them ;  and,  by  fuch  Violen- 

*  ces,  Outrages,  and  Threats,  to  awe  and  inforcc 

*  the  Parliament. 

V.  «  That  the  faid  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  Philip  Sta~ 

*  pylton,  and  MK  Gjynne,  'have  been,  and  are,  Ob- 
'.  ftruclers  and  Prejudgers  of  feveral  Petitions  to 

*  the  Parliament  for  Redrefs  of  public  Grievances. 
'  And  the  faid  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  Philip  Stapyltont 
'  in  May  laft  paft,  did  abufe  and  affront  divers  Pe- 
'  titioners,    who,    in   a   peaceable  Manner,    then 
'  attended  the  Committee,  whereof  Col.  Lee  was 
'  Chairman  ;    not   only   reviling   and  reproaching 

*  them,    but  violently  haling  and  boifteroufly  af- 

*  faulting  them,  and   offered  to  draw  their  Swords 

*  upon  Major  Tuleday  and  others  of  the  faid  Peti- 
'  tioners  j  and,   without  any  Power  or  Authority, 

*  committed  Nicholas  Teiv,  one  qf  the  faid  Peti- 

*  tioners ;  and,   foon  afterwards,  by  the  Procure- 
'  ment  of  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  and 
4  upon  their  Mifmformation  to  the  Houfe,  the  faid 
<  Major  Tukday  and  Nicholas  Tew  were  imprifon- 

j6  tte  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  »3  Car.  I. «  ed,  not  being  permitted  to  fpeak  for  themfelves. 

i     ' 647'       ,  *  And  Mr.  Giynne,  about  three  Months  fmce.  caufed 

~~ ~ju  '  the  faid  Nicholas  Tew  to  be  imprifoned  in  Newgate, 

*  and  to  be  detained  a  long  Time  there,  for  no 
4  other  Caufe  but  for  having  a  Petition  about  him 

*  which  was  to  be  prefented  to  the  Houfe. 

VI.  «  That  the  faid  Sir  John  Clot-worthy,  Sir  Wil- 

*  Ham   Waller,   and  Major-General    Maffie,    have 

*  lately,  in  profecution  of  the  faid  Dcfigns,  in  the 

*  faid  general  Heads  mentioned,  (againft  the  known 

*  Laws  of  this  Realm,  and  Rules  and  Articles  of  War 

*  made  by  the  Parliament)  by   an  arbitrary  Power 

*  imprifoned  fome  Members  of  the  Army  without 

*  any  Authority  j  particularly  Enfign  Nichols,  whofe 
c  Pockets  they,    without  Authority,  caufed  to  be 

*  fearched,  and  feveral  Papers  to  be  taken  from  him, 

*  contrary  to  the  Liberty  of  every  Subject  ;  and  cau- 

*  fed  him  to  be  fent  a  Prifoner  from  the  Head-Quar- 

*  ters  to  London,  without  the  Authority  or  Privity 

*  of  the  General,  or  the  chief  Officers  of  the  Army 
'  commanding  in  his  Abfence. 

VII.  *  That  in  or  about  March  laft,  there  be- 
c  ing  a  Petition  intern' cd  from  the  Officers  and  Sol- 
'  diers  of  the  Army  to  their  General,  for  fuch 

*  Things  only  as  were  juftly  due  unto  them,  and 

*  concerning   them   meerly    as    Soldiers,    the    faid 
«  Sir    William    Waller,    Sir    John    Clotivoriby,  and 

*  Col.  Edward  Harley,  a  Member   of  -the  Army, 

*  having  gotten  into  their  Hands  a  Copy  of  the  faid 

*  Petition,   by  Combination  with  the  other  Mem- 

*  bers  above  mentioned,    and    with   an  Intent    to 

*  abufe  the    Parliament  into    Prejudices    and  Jea- 

*  loufies  ?gamft  the  Proceedings  of  the  Army  con- 

*  cerning  the   faid   Petition,    (they  well  knowing 
c  that  the  faid  Army  flood  in  their  Way,  and  hin- 
'  dered  them  from  bringing  to  pafs  the  Defigns  in 
s  the  faid   general    Charge  expreffed)    did   untruly 

*  and  Malicioufly  inform  the  Houfe,  that  the  faid 

*  Petition  was  contrived  and  promoted  to  debauch 

*  and  difoblige  the  Army,  from  the  Parliament ;  and 

*  that  it  was   managed    and   carried  on   by  divers 
'  principal  Officers  in  the  Army  j  that  Orders  were 

'  given 

^ENGLAND.  77 

*  given  out  for  reading  of  it  in  the  Head  of  every  An.  *3  car.  I. 

*  Regiment,  and  whofoever  would  not  fubfcribe  it    ..  j6*7'  _M 
'  fhould  be  put  out  of  the  Mufters,  and  caftviered       jul 

*  the  Army;  and,  by  thofe  and  other  Aggravations, 

*  did  represent  it  to  the  Houfe  as  a  Defign  againft  the 

*  Parliament:   Further  adding,    That  fome  Regi- 
'  ments,  which  were  remote,  were  fent  for  to  join 

*  with  the  reft  of  the  Army  for   that  Purpofe,   by 
'  which  Mifmformation  they  did,  the  fame  Day, 
'  procure  a  peremptory  Order  to  the  General  to  fup- 
«  prefs  the  faid  Petition. 

VIII.  '  That  fome  few  Days  after,  Col.  Edr 

*  ward  Harley^  by  the  Combination  aforefaid,  antj 

*  in  purfuance  of  the  fame  Defigns,  did  produce  to 
'  the  Houfe  a  Letter,  fuppofed  to  be  written  from; 

*  within  the  Quarters  of  the  Army  to   him,  by  9. 

*  Perfon  not  named ;    whereby  it  was    informed, 
«  That  Colonel   Barley's  Lieutenant-Colonel  hac| 
'  drawn  his  Regiment  to  a  rendezvous,  and  ha4 
<  caufed  the  faid  Petition  to  be  read  at  the  Head  of 

*  it ;  and  that  he  threatened  to  cafhier  and  put  out 

*  of  the  Mufters  all   that  would   not  fubfcribe  it ; 

*  and  that  the  Defign  of  the  Army  therein  was  to 

*  enflave  the  Parliament  and  Kingdom,  if  the  Par- 

*  Hament  proceeded  not  to  fome  high  Refolutions, 

*  or  to  that  Effect,  as  by  the  faid  Letter,  Relatiogi 

*  being  thereunto  had,  may  appear.     And  although 
'  the  Subftance  of  the  faid  Letter  was  moft  untrue, 

*  and  no  Author  thereof  appeared  nor  could   bp 

*  produced,  although  a  Committee  was  appointed 
«  for  Examination  thereof,  and  it  was  much  preflej 
«  the  Author  fhould  be    difcovered  ;   yet  the  faid 

*  Col.   Harlty,    Sir  John  Clotzvorthy,  and  Sir  #77- 

*  Ham  Waller  did  fo  avow  the  Reality  of  the  faid 
'  Letter,  and  that  the  Contents  thereof  would  be 
«  made  good,    as  that  thereby,  and  by  other  falfe 

<  Suggestions  of  theirs  againft  the  Army,  they  pro- 

<  cured  the  Houfe  (upon  long  Debate,  which  held 
4  till  about  Eight  at  Night)  to  order,  That  a  Com- 
*  mittee  of  five  Members,  whereof  the   faid  Mr. 
«  Holies  was  one,  ihoulcl  prepare  a  Declaration  to  be 
«  brought  into  the  Houfe  the  next  Morning,  figni- 

4  '  fying 

7  8  The  .Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Car.  I.  '  fying  the  Houfe's  Diflike  of  the  Proceedings  of* 
'  the  Army  upon  that  Petition,  as  by  the  faid  Or- 
'  der,  dated  the  30th  Day.  of  March  laft,  may  ap~ 
'pear;  upon  which  fettling  of  the  faid  Bufinefs 
'  for  that  Night,  moft  of  the  Members  departed, 
4  as  conceiving  nothing  would  be  done  thereupon 

*  till  the  next  Day,   and  that  then  they  might  have 

*  a  free   Debate   concerning    the   fame ;    but  the 

*  Houfe  ftill  continuing  to  fit  upon  Difpatch  of  fome 

*  Letters  formerly  ordered,  the  faid  Mr.  Holies^  by 

*  the  fame  Combination,  and  in  farther  Profecu- 

*  tion  of  the  faid  evil  Defigns,  having  of  himfelf, 
'  without  the  Committee,  prepared  a  Declaration 

*  againft  the  Petition  itfelf,  contrary  to  the  Inten- 
'  tion  and  Direction  of  the  faid  Order,  and  con- 

*  trary  to  the  Rules  of  Juftice  and  ufual  Courfe  of 

*  Parliament,  did,  the  fame  Night,    about  Ten  of 

*  the  Clock,  on  purpofe  to  furprize  the  Houfe,  pre- 

*  fent  the  fame  Declaration  to  the  Houfe,  whereby 
c  the  faid  Petitioners  were,  without  befng  heard,  dt- 

*  clared  Enemies  to  the  State,  and  Obftructers  of 
«  the  Relief  of  Ireland^  if  they  ftill  perfifted  there- 

*  in,  as  by  the  fame  Declaration,  whereto  Relation 

*  being  had,  may  appear  ;  and  did  proeure  it  to  be 
«  then  patted  accordingly,  to   the  great  Dishonour 
c  of  the  Parliament  and  their  Proceedings  ;  to  the 
«  infufferable  Injury,  the  juft  Provocation,  Difcou- 

*  ragement,  and  Difcontent  of  the  Army  ;   to  the 
4  Trouble  and  Danger  of  the  whole  Kingdom  ;  to 

*  the  hindering  of  the  Relief  of  Ireland^  and  other 

*  the  evil  Confluences  in  the  faid  general  Charge 

*  exprefled. 

IX.  «  That,  by  the  fame  and  the  like  falfe  In- 
«  formations  and  Suggeftions,  the  faid  Col.  Harley, 

*  then  a  Member  of   the  Army,    Sir  John   Clot* 

*  worthey,   Sir  William  Waller^  and   the  faid  other 
c  Perfons,  did,  fhortly  after   the  faid  Declaration 
<  fo  made  as  aforefaid,  procure  divers  eminent  and 
«  faithful   Officers   of    the  Army,    namely   Lieut, 

*  Gen.   Hammond^  Col.    Hammond^  Col.  Lilburne, 
«  Lieut.  Col.  Pride ^  and  others,  to  be  fent  for  from 
e  their  Charges  in  the  Army,  to  appear  at  the  Bar 

«  of 

of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  7<j 

*  "of  the  Houfe,  to  make  Anfwer  in  relation  to  the  Am  23  Car,  I* 

*  faid  Petition ;    againft  whom  when   they    came     L  l6*7' 
'  thither,  they  could  charge  or  prove  nothing  all ;  i 

*  fomuch  as  the  Houfe  thought  fit  immediately 

*  discharge  them. 

*  And  whereas  there  was  a  Committee  appoint- 
'  ed  to  examine   and   confider   of   the  Truth  or 

*  Falfliood  of  them,  and  the  faid  Members  inform- 

*  ing  were  appointed   to  produce  their  Proofs  and 
'  Evidence    to    the   fame    before  the   Committee ; 

*  though  they  have  fmce  then  been  often  urged, 

*  called    upon^    and  demanded    to    produce    their 

*  Proofs    aild  Evidence  thereto,  if  they  had   anyj 
'  and  have  been  plainly  told.  That  if  they  did  not 

*  proceed  effectually  to  do  it,  they  fliould  be  ac*- 
'  counted    the   Authors   and  Devifers  of  the  faid 

*  Falfliood,  and  Reparation  would  accordingly  be 
'  demanded  againft  them  ;  yet  they  have  not  to  this 

*  Day  produced  any  Proofs   or  Evidence  to  any  of 

*  the  faid   Informations  or    Suggeftions,   .whereby 

*  the  Parliament  and   the  Army  were   fo    much 
'  abiifed  afc  before  is  declared  j.  nor  could  they,  or 

*  any  of  them,  be  hitherto  perfuaded  to  give  into 
'  the  faid  Committee  any  Charge  againft  the  faid 

*  Officers  of  the  Army,  which  they  had  then  or 

*  fince  procured  to  be  fent  for  as  aforefaid  ;  but  have 
€  held  divers  of  them  in  a  long  and  chargeable  At- 

*  tendance  Upon  the  Houfe,  without  any  Thing  laid 
'  to  their  Charge,  untill  the  Houfe  was  pleafed  to 

*  difcharge  them. 

X.  «  That  the  faid  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  Philip  Sta- 

*  pylton,    Sir  William   Lewis,  Sir   William    Waller* 
'  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  and  Major  General  MaJJis9 
'  in  further  Purfuance  of  the  Defigns  mentioned  in 
'  the  general  Heads  charged  againft  them,   have 
«  been  great  Inftruments  in  the  obftru&ing  the  Re- 
'  lief  of  Ireland ;  and,  within  two  Months  laft  paft, 
'  did  untruly  inform  the  Houfe,   That,   by  their 

*  Procurement,    there   were    fifty    Companies   of 
c  Foot  and  ten  Troops  of  Horfe  of  this  Army  en- 

*  gaged  for  Ireland,  upon  the  Terms  and  under 

«  the 

So  *rhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

AD.  23  Car.  I.  <  the  Conduct  then  by  the  Parliament  propound- 

*  ed  j    and,   the   more   to   delude   the   Parliament 
«  therein,  they,  or  fome  of  them,  by  the  Combi- 

*  nation  aforefaid,  did  procure  divers  Officers  then 

*  in  this  Army,  namely  Col.  Butler,  Lieut.  Coli 
'  Jackfon,  Major  Gooday,  and  others,  to  let  the  faid 

*  Members  give  in  the  faid  Officers  Names,  as  lift* 
'  ing  themfelves  for  Ireland  on  the  faid  Terms  and 

*  Conduct  propounded  ;  when  as  thofe  Officers  did 

*  at  the  fame  Time  declare  themfelves  unwilling 
c  thereunto,  and  refolved  not  to  go  to  ferve  in  Ire- 
'  land  on  any  Terms  whatfoevef,  tho'   they  the  faid 

*  Members  under-hand  allured  them,  That  though 

*  they  made  ufe  of  their  Names,  yet  they  fhould  not 
'  go  for  the  Service. 

*  They  havelikewife  untruly  informed  theHoufe* 
'  and  given  in  the  Names  of  many  confiderable  Of- 

*  ficers  of    this  Army,    namely  Capt.  Pennyfatber 

*  and  Capt.  BurgesofCol.  Butler's  Regiment,  Capt* 

*  Clarke,  and  four  or  more  Commiffion-Officers  of 

*  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller's  Regiment,  and  others,   as 

*  having  been  fubfcribed  for  Ireland,  who  did  not  fo 

*  engage  or  fubfcribe,  nor  give  any  Confent  there- 

*  unto ;  but  did  then,  and  have  ever  fince  utterly 

*  difavowed  and  denied  the  fame. 

*  And  about  the  fame  Time  they  alfo  reported 
c  to  the  Houfe  the  Name  and  Offer  of  Lieut.  Col, 

*  Farringtori)  as  being  their  Lieutenant-Colonel  of 

*  this  Army,  and  engaging  for  himfelf  and  his  Re- 

*  giment  for  Ireland  j   whereas  the  faid  Farrington 

*  had  been  cafhiered  the  Army  a  Year  and  an  ha/f 

*  before.     By  which,  and  other  their  untrue  Infor- 

*  mations  and  Reports  of  that  Nature,  the  Parlia- 
'  ment  was  abufed  and  mifled  into  a  Conceit  and 

*  Confidence  of  a  Strength  out  of  the  Army,  then 

*  fuppofed  to  be  engaged  and  ready  for  Ireland  on 
c  their  own  Terms,  when  as,  in  Truth,  the  fame 
«  was  but  a  meer  Delufion,  and  which  was  fo  con- 

*  trived  on  purpofe  to  occafion  a  flighting  and  ne- 

*  gle&ing  of  the  Army,  as  fuppofing  no  further  Ufe 

*  for  them. 

XL  *  Where- 

*/*    ENGLAND.  81 

XI.  '  Whereas   Part    of  three    Regiments    of  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  Foot,    viz.    Col.    Herbert's,    Col.    Kemp's,    and  > 
4  Col.  Graye's,  were,  by  Order  of  the  Houfe,  ad- 

*  vanced  towards   the  Rt  lief  of  Ireland  as  far  as 
4  Bromefgrove,  in    the  Cc  unty  of  Wcrcefter  ;    the 

*  faid   Sir  Philip   Stapylto.- i,  Mr.   Holies,  Sir  >&« 
'  Clotwortty,  Sir  William  L,eivis,  Major  Gen.  Maf- 
^  fie,  Sir  *P?&«w  Waller i  sjid  Mr.  Gty«^,  by  Com- 

*  bination   aforefaid,   did,    of  their  own   Accord, 
'  without  the  Knowledge  or  Direction  of  the  Houfe, 

*  on  the  6th  of  June  laft,  (being   Sabbath-Day, 
'  and  without  fummonin  5  a  Committee)  command 
;  thofe  Forces   back  agai.n  as  far  as  Reading,  with 
"  an  evil  Intent  to  draw  forces  together  to  beget  a 

*  new  War  in  England. 

XII.  *  That  the  faM  Sir  John  Cloiworthy,    in 

*  Profecution    of  the  D.;figns   in  the  faid  general 

*  Charge  exprefTed,  hath,  in  the  Years  1642,  1643, 
;  164.4,  and   fince,  converted   feveral    great  Sums 

*  of  Money  (which,  by  feveral  Orders  of  Parlia- 

*  ment,  and  of  the  7/v/fe  Committee,  were  defigned 

*  for  the  Relief  of  Ireland)  to  his  own  particular 
4  Ufe;  namely,  the  Sum  of  280 /.  which,  by  Or- 

*  der  of  both  Houfes,  datnl  the  nth  of  February, 
'  1642,  was   to  be  paifJ   for  twenty  Butts  of  Sack 

*  for  Ireland;  700 /.  v/liich  the  fame  Day  was  alfo 
'  ordered  for  2000  Swords  ;  300  /.  which,  by  Or- 

*  der  of  the  faid  Ir'ijb  Committee,  dated  the  5th  of 

*  April  1643,  was  defigned  for  120  Pair  of  Piftols  ; 

*  and   divers  other  Sums  of   Money,  upon  feveral 

*  Orders,  which  he,  from  Time  to  Time,  received 

*  for  the  Ufe  and  Relief  of  Ireland ;  but  were  not 
4  employed  to  the  Ufes  by  the  faid  Orders  intended 

*  and  directed,  but  to  his  o\vn  private  Ufe  as  afore- 
1  faid  :  And  that  he  hath,  within  two  Years  laft 

*  paft,  received  feveral   Sums    of  Money,    Arms, 
'  and  other  Provifions  for  a  Troop  of  Horfe,  which 

*  he  pretended   he  had  raifed  in  Ireland;  whereas 

*  he  had  not,  nor  did   raife  or  furnifh  any  fuch 

*  Troop  as  he  pretended.     And  that  he,  for  Mo- 

*  ney   and   other   Rewards,    hath   preferred    Jchn 
"•  Davis,  tPilliam  Summers,  and  others,  to   be  in- 

VOL.  XVI,  F  <trufted 

82  *fbe  Parliament  fary  HISTORY 

An.  2  3  Car.  I.  «  trufted  with    the   Irijb  Affairs,    who  have  kept 

l647-        <  Correfpondcncy  with  the  Enemy,  and  have  de- 

Tj  *  frauded  the  State  of  o  ther  great  Sums  of  Money  ; 

4  and  he  hath  been  priv  f  to,  and  a  Sharer  in,  fuch 

*  their  Actions. 

XIII.  '  That,    about  November  laft    paft,    the 
4  faid   Sir  John  Clotwo;  'thy  being,  by   the   Parlia- 

*  ment,  fent  a   Commi  flioner,    with  others,    into 

*  Ireland,  who  all  had  a  joint  Power  and  Authority 
'  to  treat  with  the  Earl  t  >f  Ormond  for  the  Space  of 
4  four  Days,  jand   no  in  ore  ;  he,  contrary  to   the 
4  fpecial  Truft  rcpofed  in  him,  held  fecret  Intelli- 

*  gence  with  the  faid  Ea  rl  of  Ormond,  by  Cypher, 

*  or  Character,  without  the  Confent  or  Knowledge 

*  of  thofe  others   in  Conimiflion  with  him,  many 
4  Weeks  after  the  Time  fo  limited  was  expired  ; 
4  and  about  the  fame  Ti  me  he  hrld  the  like  fecret 

*  Intelligence  with  the   Lord   George  Digh,  then 
1  in  Ireland,  beyond  the  Time  prefixed,  and  with-- 
4  out  the  Confent  of  the  faid  other  Commiflioners  ; 
'  and,  in  order  thereun':o,  the  Lords  Ormond  and 

*  Dlgby  lately  employed  one  Siing/ly,  who  pretends 
4  a  Defign  about  the  Prince,  to  come  into  this 
4  Kingdom. 

XIV.  '  That  the  faid  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  Mr. 

*  Holies,  and    Sir  PhiJip   Stapylton,    by  Combina- 
4  tion  with  the  reft  of  the  Members  before-named, 

*  in  further  Profecution  of  the  Defigns  mentioned 

*  in  the  fame,  well  Knowing  that  the  Lord  Life* 
4  late  Prefident  of  Ireland,  was  both  faithful  and 
4  vigilant  while  he  was  trufted  in  the  fame  King- 
'  dom,  and  had  now  this  laft  Spring  made  Provi- 

*  flons  ready  to  march  into  the  Field  ;  and  that  the 
4  Lord  Baron  of  Brogbill,  General  of  the  Parlia- 
c  ment's  Horfe  in  Munfter^  and   Col.  Sir  Arthur 

*  Loft  us,  Perfons  of  Honour  and  Reputation,  and 

*  of  great  Fortunes  in  the  laid  Kingdom,    lately 
4  came  purpofely  into   this  Kingdom  to  exhibit, 
£  and  did  exhibit,  many  Articles  of  High  Treafon 
'  againft  the  Lord  Inchequin,  for  betraying  the  Par- 

*  liament's  Army  to  the  Enemy,  as'  formerly  he 
4  had  done  j  yet,  by  the  great  Power  and  violent 

4  In- 

of   ENGLAND.  8. 

*  Interpolation  of  the  faid  Sir  "John.  Clotwortky^  Mr.  An.  a^  Car.  !• 
'  Holies  j  and  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  by  the  Pradiee      t    l6*7- 

'  and  Combination  aforefoid,  the  faid  Articles  have        ""tT 

*  been  obftrucled,  and  the  Bufincfs  not  fufFered  to 

*  come  to  a  Hearing,   and  the  faid  Lord  Lijte  ha- 

*  ftily   called  out  of  Ireland,  and  the   Power   and 

*  Command    of   the  Parliament's  Forces    in   that 

*  Kingdom  committed   to  the  faid  Lord   of  Incbe- 
'  quiri^  to  the  Lofs  of  this  Summer's   Service,  and 

*  the  Expence  of  much  Treafure  to  make  new  Pre- 

*  parations  of  War.     And  whereas   the  faid  Lord 
'  Lijle^  being  fo   fuddenly  called  from  thence    as 
'  aforefaid,    did    defign    and   depute    Sir    Hardrefs 
'  Waller^  Knight,    Major-General  of   the  Forces 

*  there,  a  Man   of  known  Integrity    and    Courage 

*  both  for  his  Service  in  England  and  in   Ireland, 

*  and  of  confiderable  Fortune  there,  to  take  Care 
4  of  the  faid  Lord  Life's  Forces  till   the  Pleafure 

*  of  the  Parliament  might  be  further  known,  the 

*  faid  Lord  Incbequin^  upon  the  Receipt  of  a  Letter 

*  from  the  faid  Sir  John   Clotwortfy,   Mr.  Holies  > 
'  and  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  or  one  of  them,  or  from 

*  fome  other  Perfon  by  their,  or  one  of  their,  Di- 

*  region,  Privity,  or  Procurement,  did  exprefs  that 
'  he  had  an  Order  or  Direction  from  Lcr.dsn  that 

*  no  Man  that   favoured   the  Independents   (under 

*  which  Name  the  faid  Lord  of  Incbequin  hath  com- 
'  prehended  all  Men  that  have  fliewcd  themfelves 

*  oppofite  to  Tyranny  and  arbitrary  Government) 

*  fhould  have  any  Truft  or  Command  there  j  nay, 

*  though  they   were  of  another  Judgment,  yet  if 

*  they  would  not  profecute  the  Independents,  they 

*  fhould  not  be  employed  there,  or  Words  to  that 

*  Effect  j  and,  under  Colour  thereof,  the  faid  Sir 

*  Hardrefs  Waller,    and   all    others   that  formerly 

*  had  held  their  CommiiTions  from  the  faid  Lord 

*  Life  while  he  commanded,  were  difplaced,  to  the 
4  Difcouragement  of  thofe  and  orher  faithful  Perfons 

*  to  the  Parliament,  and  to  the  great  DifTervice  anJ 

*  Danger  of  lofmg  that  Kingdom. 

XV.  *  That  whereas  a  Committee  of  the  Houfc 

*  of  Commons  hath  been  lately  appointed  bv  the* 

F  2  '  Par- 

84  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Car.i.  c  parliament,  to  confider  of  Propofitions  for  the 
4  fettling  and  Prefervation  of  Wales,  whereof  the 
4  fcid  Sir  William  Lewis  and  Mr.  Gfynne  were  and 
4  are  Members,  and  to  report  the  fame  to  the  Houfe  j 

*  they,  the  fa  id  Sir  Jf'iHiam  Lewis  and  Mr.   Glynne^ 

*  with  others  of  the  faid   Committee,  did,  on  the 
4  3<Dth   of  April  now  laft  paft,  without  any  Au- 

*  thority  of  Parliament,  before  any  Report   made 

*  to  the  Houfe,  of  their  own  Accord   (inflead  of 

*  fettling  ,  and    preferring    Wales)  order    that   all 
4  Committees  for  Sequeftration  fhould  forbear  all 
4  Proceedinzs  of  Sequeftration  againft  all,  or  any, 
4  of  the  Inhabitants  of  Wales ;  and  although  fome 

*  few  Perfons  were  upon   general  Heads  excepted, 

*  yet,  by  Virtue  of  that  illegal  Order,  all  the  Com- 

*  miflioners    of  the   Peace  and    Commiffioners    of 

*  AfTociations,  who  were  as  a£ive   in  raifing  Mo- 

*  ney  and  prefiing   Men  to   ferve   againft  the  Par- 

*  liament  as  any  others  j  all  the  Commiffioners  of 

*  Array,  that  did  or  fhould  at  any  Time  come  in 

*  and  fubmit  to    the  Parliament,    or  their    Com- 

*  manders  in   Chief,    without   any  Limitation    of 

*  Time;  all  that  had  borne  Arms  againft  theParlia- 
4  ment,  unlefs  they  were  Governors,  and  other  Of- 
4  ficers  of  War,  that  held  out  fome  Town,  Caftle, 

*  or  Fort  againft  the   Parliament ;  all   difaffcctcd 
4  and  fcandalous  Minifters,  though  in  their  Sermons 
4  they  ufually  reviled   and   fcandalized  the  Parlia- 
4  ment  and  their  Proceedings,  calling  them  Rebels 
4  and  Traitors,  and  not  only  incenfing  the  People 
*•  againft   the   Parliament,  but   ufually    taking   up 
4  Arms,  and  leading  their  Parimioners  in  Arms  up- 
'  on  any  Alarm  againft  the  Parliament ;  and  many 
'  other  defperate  Delinquents  have  been,  and  ftill 
4  are,  taken  off  and  freed  from  Sequeftration  ;  and 
4  the  faid  Order  was   fent  to  every  Committee  in 
'  Wales^  in  feveral  Letters,  contrary  to  feveral  Or- 
4  dsrs  and  Ordinances  of  Parliament,  and  contrary 
4  to  the  Rules  of  Juftice  and  Equitv,  which  fhould 
4  impartially  be  adminifricd  as  well  in  Wales  as  in 

*  other  Places  of  this  Kingdom  -,  whereby  the  ill- 

*  affected  Gentry  and  Miniflry  of  that  Country  are 


of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

*  grown  fo  high  and  infolent,  that  honeft  Men  dare  An. 

*  fcarce  lire  amongft  them  ;    fo  as  that  which  was 

*  intended   by  the  Parliament,   to  fettle  and    pre- 
<  ferve  Wales,  is,  by  the  Praaice  of  the  faid   Sir 
'  William  Lewis  and  Mr.   Glynne,  perverted  to  the 
c  Danger  and  Deftru£Hon  of  it. 

XVI.  '  That  the  faid  Sir  William  Lewis  and  Mr., 
4  Glynne  have  further  ingratiated  themfelves  with 
4  the  Delinquents  of  Wales,  and  prepared  them  for 

*  their  faid  Defigns  in  Manner  following,  viz.  He 
'  the  faid   Sir    William   Lewis  hath,    within   two 
c  Yeqrs  laft  pair,  countenanced  and  protected  many 

*  of  the  moft  notorious  and  dangerous  Delinquents 

*  within    the    feveral    Counties    of   South-  Wales ; 

*  namely,   the  Lord   Carbery,  and  others  in  Caer- 

*  marthenjhire ;  Mr.  Carew,  and  others  in  Glamor- 
4  ganjhlre ;  Mr.  Morgan,  late  Knight  of  the  Shire, 
'  Mr.  John  Herbert,  and   others  in  Brccknockjhire  ; 
4  Mr.  Gwyn,  Mr.  Lewis,  and  divers  others  in  Rod- 
4  nor/hire  ;  by  freeipg  fome  of  them  altogether  from 

*  Compofitions,  tho'  fequeftred  ;  by  labouring  with 
4  divers  Members  of  the  Hotife  and  of  Committees 
4  to  be  favourable  in  compounding  with  others, 

*  and  to  admit  of  fuch  to   their  Compofitions  as 

*  were  uncapable   thereof;  and  he  hath  animated 

*  and  encouraged  fome  of  the  faid  Perfons  to  con- 
'  tinue  their  Fidelity  to  the  King's  Caufe,  promi- 
1  fmg  them,  that  if  they  would  engage  their  P'riends 
1  with  the  King  for  him,  he  and  his  would  be  their 

*  Friends  in    the   Parliament ;  in   fo  much  as  his 
'  Friends,  the    Delinquents   in   thofe    Parts,   have 

*  lately  looked  upon  him  as  a  rifing  Man  when  the 
4  King  (hall  come  to  London  j  which  hath  lately 
'  been  their  conftant  Boafting. 

'  And  the  faid  Sir  William  Lewis  hath,  within 

*  two  Years  laft  part,  caufed  divers  that  had  been 
'  Commiflioners  for  the  King,  and    preffed  Men, 
4  and  raifed  Money  to  promote  the  late  War  againft 
4  the  Parliament :  namely,  his  Brother,  Mr.T/wmas 

*  Lewis,    Mr.    Gwyn,  Mr.    Charles  Walwyn,  Mr. 
'  Meredith   Lewis,    Mr.    Edward    Williams,    and 

F  3  '  many 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

t  miny  other:;,  to  be  Commiffioners  of  the  Peace, 
'  anc!  u^°  Committee-Men  for  the  fa  id  County  of 
'  Brecknock  ;  infomuch  as  thofe  that  have  beer; 

*  molt  active  and  faithful  to  the  Parliament,  have 

*  been,  and  fl ill  are,  out- voted  in  thofe  Places,  and 
«  can  do  no  cohfiderabie  Service  for  the  Parliament , 
4  ?.nd  the  rathtr  for  that  he  hath  alfo  procured  one 

*  Ed-ward  Williams  ^  hb  own   Kjufeian,  and   one 

*  much  difafvccied   to   the  Parliament,   to  be  Soii- 

*  citor  of  Sequcftraiions  in   the  faid  County,   who 

*  is,  and  hath  been,  very  remifs  and  corrupt  there-. 

'•'Ami  the  faid  Sir  William  Lewis  hath,  by  the 
6 'Means    afore  faid,  lately    procured  Mr.    Ed-ward 

*  LC-MS*  his  Son,  though  unfit  fpr  that  Em  ploy  - 

*  mcnt,  to   be   chcfen   and  returned   Burgefs   for 

*  Brecknock  ;  which  that  he  might  the  better  ef- 

*  feet,  he  kept  the  Writ  fpr  Election  of  the  faid 
1  Bargefs  above  eight  Months  in  his  own  Cuftody 
6  before  it  was  delivered  to  the   Sheriff  of  the.  faid 
4  County, 

<•  And  likewife  that  the  faid  Mr.  %$*  Glynne, 

*  within  two  Years  laft  paft,  hath  procured  feveral 

*  Perfons,  that  have  lately  been  Commiffioners  of 

*  Array,  and  in   Arms   againft  the  Parliament   in 
4  North  Walss^  to  be  named   in  the  Commifiions 

*  of  'the  Peace  for  the   Counties   of  Dmbigh   and 
«•  Caernarvon^  and  other  Counties  there,  and  to  be 
1  put  in  other  great  Places  of  Truft  and  Command 
4  there;  and,  amongft  others,  Colonel  Glynne,  his 

*  Brother,  who  was  lately  a  Colonel  in  the  King's 

*  Army,  is,  by  his  Procurement,  become  Governor 
<•  of  the'Towa  and  Caftle  of  Caernarvon,  and  Ad- 

*  miral  or  Vice- Admiral  of  the  Irifh  Seas;  to  the 

*  endangering    of  thofe    Counties  lying  upon  the 
«  Coafts  towr.rds  Ireland,  and  to  the  Fear  and  Dif- 
'  cDufagemcnt  of  the   well -affected  Inhabitants  of 
''thofe  Places. 

XVII.  *  That  the  faid  Sjr  William  Lewis,  be- 
«  ing  heretofore,  during  thcfe  Troubles,  Governor 

*  (.f  Po-trrr>ouih>    a  Garrifon   for   the  Parliament, 

'  (ill 

of    ENGLAND.  87 

*  (in  which  Time  he  receive  .'d  much  of  the  Public  An.  13  cur.'  r. 
c  Trcafure,  for  which  he  h  ath  not  yet  given  an          l6^- 

4  Account)    did,    while  he     was  Governor  there,         juj~ 

4  frequently  hold  Correfpcn  dence  and  Intelligence 

4  with   the   King's  Party,  a  bout   the  Delivery  up 

4  of  the  faid  Garrifon  ;  into  .much  as,  although  Sir 

4  lyilliam   Waller^  and  dive  rs  others  in  that  Gar» 

*•  rifon,   were  proclaimed  1  'raitors   to    the  King, 

<•  yet  he,  by  the    King's    i  pecial  Command,  was 

6  fpared  ;  the  King  affirming  he  was  his  Friend, 

4  and  that  he  was  confident  he  would  do  him  good 

*  Service,  or  to  that  Effect  :  And  although  he  then 

*  was  a  Parliament  Man,  and  Governor  of  Porff- 

*  mouth  as   aforefatd,  and  *  '/as  three  Years   in  the 

*  King's  Quarters,  yet  his  Eftate  in  the  County 
4  of  Brecon,  being   of  the    Value  of  above  600 /. 
4  per  Annum,   was   never  fequeftred,      And  fmca 

*  the  Parliament  hath    prey  ailed.  Colonel  Herbert 

*  Price  (having  been  Governor   of  Brecknock  for 
4  the  King  againft  the    Parliament)  being  feque- 
'  ftred,  the  faid  Sir  William  Lewis,  by  his  Soiici- 
«  tations  to  the  Committee,  procured  the  perforiat 

*  Eftate  of  the  faid  Colonel  Price  (which  the  Com  - 

*  raittee  of  the  County  had  found  out,  and  caufed 

*  to  be  brought  to  Morgan  dubrty'sHouk  in  Brecon) 
4  to  be  reftored  unto  him  without  any  Satisfaction 

*  to  the  State ;  and  hath  caufed  the  faid  Colonel 

*  Price's  Lands  in  the  faid  County  of  Brecon^  being 

*  worth  about  300  /.  per  Annum  ^  to  be  let  tq  u. 
«  Friend  of  the  f.iid   Colonel  Price ^  to  his  .Wife'* 
'  Ufe,  at  50  /.  per  Annum ^  contrary  to  the  Direc- 

*  tions  of    feveral  Ordinances  of  Parliament  mad& 
«  in  that  Behalf. 

XVIII.  '  That  the  faid   Mr.    John  G/>r.w,  or 
4  fome  other  Perfon  or  Peribns  by  his  Direction, 

*  Confent,  or  Privity,  or  to  his  Ufe,  hath,  during, 
4  his  being  a  Member  of  the  Houfe  of  Common*, 
4  taken   Rewards   of   feveral  Pcrfons   for  Service.-: 
4  done  them  in  the  Houfc  ;  as  namely,    amongft 
4  others,  divers  Drovers  from  #Wtt,  who,  by  h'.e 

*  Means  and  Procurement,  had  an  Al!owartc?>  by 

F  4  '  OrJ-r 

8.8-  T'be  Parliament   ry  HISTORY 

An.  ^^,  Car.  I. «  Order  of  the  Houfe,  f<      3000  /.  in  Satisfaction  of 

t'-l6^7'..7    *  Lbflcs  they  had  fuftair  d  by  the  Enemy,  and  did 

7^e<         '  pay  unto  the  Wife  oi  the  faid   Mr.    Glynne  the 

6  Sum  of  zoo/,  as  a  R(  vard  for  his  faid  Service. 

XIX.  *  That  the  fa  !  Mr.  John  Glynne,  as  he 

*  hath  been  moft  active     o  bring  into  the  Commif- 
'  Aons  of  Peace,  and  i;     o  other  Places  of  Autho- 
4  rity,  divers  notorious",     elinquents  in  North- Wales 
'  as  aforefald,  fo  he  hai       been  as  ac-tive,  as  much 
'  as  in  him  lies,  to  put     >ut,  and  keep  out,  of  the 
'  Militia  and    Commor     Council  of   the   City  of 

*  London,  and  out  of  th     Commiffion  of  the  Peace 
'  for  Middlefex,  many  >    ninent  and  faithful   Men 
'  that  have  laid  out  the      Eftates,  and  adventured 

*  thrir  Lives  for  the  I   ^fence  of  the  Parliament 
'  and  City  in  the  Time    f  their  greateft  Necefllty  ; 
c  namely,  Alderman  Per,    ington,  Colonel  Tichborne, 

*  Mr.  Eajlwick,   Mr.  fa  yer,  and  others,   contrary 
e  to  the   Declaration  oi    both   Kingdoms;    which 

*  hath   allured   all  lawfu     Favour  and  Encourage- 
'  ment  to  thofe  that  ha^  s  been  faithful,  and  fnall 

*  fo  continue,  to  the  F.irliament;  which   Doings 

*  muft  needs  tend  to  tl  e  giving  a  frefh  Occafion 

*  and  Power  to  the  Enen  .y  againft  the  Parliament's 

*  bed  .Friends,  to  the  Dishonour  of  the  Parliament, 

*  and  the  Endangering  of  the  Kingdom. 

XX.  <  That  the  laid  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  Mr. 
'  Holies,    and   Sir  IVilliavi   Lewis,  have,    by  their 
4  Power  and    Countenance,    as   Members    of  the 

*  Houfe  of  Commons,  both  jointly  and  feverally, 
'  ufed   Means  to  obftrudt   the  Courfe    of  Juftice, 

*  ana  have  interpofed  themfelves  in  feveral  Caufes, 

*  and,  by  Word  of  Mouth,  moved   and  perfuaded 
'  Judges  and  other  Officers  on  the  Behalf  of  fuch 
'  as  they  conceive   to  be  their  Friends  5  amongft 

*  others,  in  the  great  Caufe  that  was  lately  depend-. 

*  ing  in  the  Koufe  of  Lords,   between  Alderman 

*  Langbam  and  Captain  Lymery,  when  Counfel  was 

*  met  for  the  pleading  thereof,  they  did   repair  to 
'  the  Earl  of  Rutland  about  the  fame  ;  and  the  faid 
*.Sir  Philip  Stapylton  told  him,  that  they  were  fully 

«  fatisfied 

^ENGLAND.  89 

*  fatisfied  concerning   the   Juftnefs  of   Longhands  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  Caufe,  and  therefore,  as  the  faid  Earl  did  refped ,      l647'     . 
'  them,  he  (hould  give  his  Vote  fof  Langbatn,  or 

'  ufed  Words  to  that  Effect ;  which   alfo  was  fe- 

*  conded  by   the  faid  Mr.  Holies  in  Words,  and 
'  agreed  unto  by  the  faid  Sir  JVilliam  Lewis^  as  ap- 
'  peared  by  his  Prefence  and  Gefture  j  and  the  faid 

*  Sir  William  Lewis  did  exercife  the  fame  Power  in 

*  a  Caufe  of  John  Gunter  and  others. 

XXI.  '  That  the  faid  Mr.  Anthony  Nlcholl,  al- 

*  though,  about  four  Years  fince,  he  was,  by  the 
'  Committee  of  Privileges,  voted  not  a  fit  Member 
'  to  fit  in  the  Houfe,  by  reafon  his  Election   was 
'  void  ;  yet  the  faid  Mr.  Nlcholl  doth  not  only  fit 

*  and  vote  there  as  a  Member,  but,  by  his  Power 

*  and  Threats  in  the  Weft  Countries,  and  by  his 
c  Solicitations  and  indirect  Practices,  hath  brought 

*  in,  or  procured  to  be  brought  in,  about  28  Mem- 

*  bers  more  out  of  Cornwall,  on  Purpofe  to  carry 

*  on  the  Defigns  and  Practices  before-mentioned, 
4  and  to  make   a  Faction  in  the  faid  Houfe ;  and, 

*  notwithftanding  the  Self-denying  Ordinance,  he 

*  doth  {till  hold  a  Place   in  the  Tower,  formerly 
'  conferred  upon  him  by  the  Houfe.,  and  receiveth 

*  the  Profits  thereof  to  his  own  Ufe. 

XXII.  '  That  the  faid  Mr.  Nlcholl  hath,  fince 

4  hib  fitting  in  the  Houfe  as  afprefaid,  taken  Re-, 
'  wards  for  Service  done  there  ;  namely,  whereas 
4  Sir  William  Uvcdall^  Knight,  for  deferting  the 
4  Parliament,  and  going  to  York  with  the  King, 
4  was  fufpended  the  Houfe;  he,  for  the  Sum  of. 
4  ioo/.  or  150 /.  paid  unto  him,  or  to  his  Ufe,  did, 

*  by  Misinformations  to  the  Houfe,  procure  the  faid 
'  Sir  wilUtim  Uvedall  to  be  re-admitted  a  Member. 
'  And  the  faid  Mr.  Nickcll^  while  he  was  a  Member 

*  of  the  Committee  for  Safety,  he   and  others   of 
'  the  faid  Committee  having  iffued  forth  a  War- 
4  rant  for  fearching  Greenwich  Hcvfe^  did4  under- 
4  hand,  acquaint  one  of  the  Queen's  Officers  therc- 

*  with  ;  and  thereby  prevented  the  Defign  of  the 

*  faid  Committee,  to   the  great  DifTervice  of  the 
'  Parliament  and  Kingdom. 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

XXIII.  «  That  the  faid  Mr.  Lonr,  at  the  Bc^ 
'  ginning  of  the  late  Wars,  not  having  Courage 

*  fufRcient  to  perforifc  his  Duty  in  Military  Affairs, 
'  did,  out  of   Covetoufnefs,    or    other   unworthy 

*  Ends,  procure  a  Command  of  a  Troop  of  Horfe 
'  under  his  Excellency  the  late  Lord-General  the 
'  Earl  of  Effex  ;    but  whenever    his    faid  Troop 
'  came    upon   any    Service,    he,    out  of  Fear  or 
'  Treachery,     unworthily    abfented    himfelf,    and 
'  never  was  feen  or  known  to  charge  the  Enemy 

*  in  Perfon,    though    his   Troop   often  engaged  ; 
'  namely,  at  the  Battle  of  Edge-bill^  when  he  favv 

*  there  were  like  to  be  Blows,  he  left  the  Field, 
c  and  never  charged  before  his  Troop  ;  and  at  the 
'  Battle  or  Fight  at  Brentford,  though   his  Troop 

*  were  there,  yet  he  (laid  at  London  till  the  Dan- 
'  ger  was  paft,  and  Fighting  done  :  And  when  his 

*  Troop  was  fent  into  the  Weft,  he  took  no  other 
fc  Notice  of  it,  but  to  receive  his  Pay  ;  and  in  the 

*  mean  while  he  repaired  into  the  County  of  EJTex^ 

*  and   procured  a  Commiflion  to  be  a  Colonel  of 
4  Horfe,  and,  inftead  of  fighting  againft  the  Par- 

*  liament's  Enemies,  he  betook  himfelf  to  plunder 

*  and  opprefs  the  Parliament's  Friends  there ;  and, 
'  contrary  to  Order,  and  without  any  Authority, 

*  or  Exigencies  of  War  compelling  him  thereunto, 
'  enforced  great  Sums  of  Money,  and  many  Hbrfes 

*  and  other  Provilions  from  the  Country  ;  namely, 

*  from  Mr.  Thomas  Mamwod,  a  Man  well  afFedl- 
«  ed,    who    had   the    General's    Protection,    and 

*  whofe  Horfes  were  taken  from  the  Plough,  and 

*  others,   to  the  great   Lofies  and  Oppreflion  of 
«  the  People,  and  to  the  great  Difhonour  of  the 
'  Parliament,    whofe  Service   he  neverthelefs  ne- 

*  gle&ed,   and  hath  not  hitherto  given    an  Ac- 

*  count  of  the  great  Sums  of  Money  and   other 
'  Things  that  he  fo  exacted  from  the  Country  as 
c  aforefaid. 

XXIV.  «  That  the  faid  Mr.  Lox*  afterwards, 

*  upon  Pretence  of  fome  Lotfes  i'uftajned   by  the 

*  Enemy,  and  fome  great  Service  he  had  done  for 

*  the  State,  did  pre-:".r*  of  the  Hauf"  ?  great  Of- 

5  '  ficf 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  91 

*  fice  in  the  Chancery  ;  namely,  to   be  tha  chief  An-  23  Ca 

*  Regiikr  of  that   Court,    wherein   his  Skill  was  .      '  *7' 
'  little,  and  whereof  he  was,  and  ftill  is,  altogether        juiy> 
'•  incapable  ;  ,aiid  although  for  a  Time,  upon   the 

v  LScif-uenyittg  Ordinance,  he  was   dif  placed,  yet, 

*  upon  the  Motion,  or  by  the  Power  and  Means 

*  of  the  £ud  Mr.  Holies,  he  hath  obtained  the  faid 
4  Office  again  ;    to  the  great  Prejudice  of  fkilful 

*  Clerks  that  have  been  bred  up  in  the  faid  Court, 
4  to  the  Difiervice  of  the  Common-wealth  and  the 

*  Dishonour  of  the  Houfe. 

XXV.  «  The  faid  Mr.  Long,  on  Purpofe  to  drive 
1  on  the  Defigns  in  the  faid  feveral  Charges  expref- 
'  fed,  hath,  for  two  Years  laft  paft,  ufually  pref- 
V  fed  and  urged  feveral  Members  to  give  theirVotes 

*  fuch  Ways  as  he  pleafed ;  and   to  that  End  and 

*  Purpofe,  doth  conftantly  place  himfelf  near  the 

*  Door  of  the  Houfe  ;  and,  when  any  Debate  is 

*  concerning  any  Defign  wherein   his  Party  is  en- 
'  gaged,  he  hath  ufed  fuch  Tamperings  and  Vio- 
'  lence  to  fuch  of  his  own  Party  as  would  go  out 

*  of  the  Houfe,  and  hath  perfuaded  them  to  con- 

*  tinue  there  for  their  Votes  j  and  he,  in  cafe  any 
4  fuch  have  gone  out   of  the  Houfe,  hath   been 

*  very  inquifitive  where  they  might  be  found,  that 
4  fo  he  may  go  for  them  when  the  Bufmefs  in  De- 
4  bate  comes  near  to  be  put  to  the  Vote  $  and, 

*  when  they  come  not  according  to   his  Expe&a- 
'  tion,  doth  ordinarily  and  fpeedily  run  out  of  the 
4  Houfe  himfe-lf  to   call   them  and  drive  them  in 

*  again,  fo  that  he  hath  been  commonly  called  (by 

*  thofe  that  are  without  the  Houfe,  and  have  ta- 

*  ken  Notice  of  his  Actions)  the  Parliamtnt-Drl' 

*  ver ;  whereby  the    freedom  of  the  Members  is 

*  taken  from  them,  the  Manner  of  the  Parliament's 
'Proceedings  much  fcandalized%  and  many  Times 
'  evil  and  dangerous- DefignS;  drove  on  in  a  Fa&ion 
c  by  Votes,  to  the  great  Prejudice  of  the  Common- 

*  wealth. 

v  All  which  Matters  and  Things  the  faid  Army 

*  will    be    ready,    in  convenient  Time,  to    make 
4  good,  by  Proof  upon  Oa^h,  as  this  Honourable 

*  Houfe 

92  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I. 


Hbufe  (hall  direct.  And  for  that  by  reafon  of 
the  Straitnefs  of  Time,  and  other  more  weighty- 
Affairs  of  the  Army,  they  could  not  fo  fully 
finifh  and  accomplifh  the  faid  Articles  ;  therefore 
the  faid  Army  ftill  referve  further  Liberty  to  add 
other  Articles  againft  the  faid  Members,  or  any 
of  them,  at  any  Time  before  their  Trial,  as  Oc- 
cafion  fhall  ferve.' 

By   Appointment    of  his   Excellency    Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  Jf^ar. 

JO.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

Thus  far  the  Articles  of  this  moft  remarkable 
Charge,  which  we  have  given  at  Length  becaufe 
omitted  by  all  the  Contemporary  Writers  :  For 
the  fame  Reafon  the  Anfwer  of  the  Eleven  Mem- 
bers to  it  will  appear  at  larqe  under  its  proper 
Date.  Befides  the  general  Motives  to  this  Tranf- 
a&ion  of  the  Army  (arifmg  from  its  being  at  this 
Time  guided  entirely  by  Cromwell,  and  the  Inde- 
pendent Party,  as  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  thro* 
the  Influence  of  thefe  Members,  was  by  the  Prcf- 
bytcrian)  there  were  not  wanting  private  Refcnt- 
ment  among  Particulars  :  For 

Lord  Clarendon  writes  (a],  '  That  Mr.  Holies  had 
one  Day,  upon  a  very  hot  Debate  in  the  Houfe,  and 
fome  rude  Expreflions  which  fell  from  Comfniflary 
Ireton,  perfuaded  him  to  walk  out  of  the  Houfe 
with  him  ;  and  then  told  him,  '  That  hefliould  pre- 
fently  go  over  the  Water  and  fight  with  him.'  The 
ComrnifTary  replying,  *  His  Confcicnce  would  not 
4  fuffer  him  to  fight  a  Duel,'  Mr.  Holies,  in  Cholcr, 
pull'd  him  by  the  Note  ;  telling  him,  '  If  his-Con- 
*•  fcience  would  keep  him  from  giving  Men  Satif- 
*  fadtion,  it  fliould  keep  him  from  provoking  them.' 
His  Lordftiip  adds,  «  This  Affront  to  the  third 
Perfon  of  the  Army,  and  to  a  Man  of  trre  moft  vi- 
rulent, malicious,  and  revengeful  Nature  of  all  the 
Pack,  fo  incenfed  the  whole  Party,  that  they  were 
refolved;,  one  Way  or  other,  to  be  rid  of  him, 
who  had  that  Power  in  the  Houfe,  and  that  Re- 

(*)  Hiflory,  Vol.  V.  p.   SS. 


^/ENGLAND.  93 

putatlon  abroad,  that  when  he  could  not  abfolute-  An.  2,3  Car.  I. 
ly  controul  their  Defigns,  he  did  fo  obftrucl:  them, 
that  they  could  not  advance  to  any  Conclufion.' 

This  Anecdote  of  the  Noble  Hiftorian  is,  in 
fome  Meafure,  confirmed  by  the  Authority  of  the 
Commons  Journals ;  wherein  we  find,  '  That  the 
Houfe  having  been  informed,  that  fome  Matters  of 
Difference  had  happened  between  Mr.  Holies  and 
Commiflary  Ireton,  the  Speaker,  by  Command, 
laid  an  Injunction  upon  them  not  to  proceed  any 
further  thereupon  (£).' 

An  Anonymous  Writer  of  thefe  Times  (c}>  fre- 
quently quoted  by  Lord  Holies  in  his  Memoirs  (d}^ 
informs  us,  *  That  Cromwell  confeffed  he  had  no- 
thing againft  Sir  John  Maynard^  another  of  the 
impeached  Members,  but  that  he  was  put  up  a- 
mongft  the  reft,  becaufe  he  was  a  bufy  Man  againft 
riie  Lieutenant-General  and  his  Faction.' 

Thus  much  by  way  of  Digreflion,  as  to  the  pri- 
vate Motives  to  this  famous  Charge  in  the  Houfe 
of  Commons,  proceed  we  now  to  the  Tranfaitions 
of  the  Houfe  of  Peers. 

?uly  i*    A  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Nottingham 
the  Lord  JfHjarton  was  read  : 

To  the  Rt.   Hon.  the  Earl  ^"MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  if  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

Reading  July  6,  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lord/hip^ 

c  ^|  \  7  E  have  this  Day   been  in  continual   Ex-  Letters  from  the 
'    V  V    pectation   to  hear  from  the  Commiifion-  p^|^n's. 
*  ers  of  the  Army  what  it  is  they  have   to  offer 

(t)  Commons  Journals,  April  2,   1647.  j         Ar0)y* 

\c )  The  Grand  Defgn  5  or  a  Difcovery  of  that  Form  of  Sin-aery 
intended  and  in  fart  brought  upon  the  free  People  cf  England,  by 
a  powerful  Party  in  the  Parliament,  and  Lieutenant-General  Crom- 
well, CommiJ/ary -General  Ireton,  and  others  cf  that  FaSion  in  the 
Army,  tending  t»  the  titter  Ruin  ar.d  Enjlaving  of  the  -whale  Nation. 
Written  by  Sirrahniho,  r.ct  an  ia-vefliw  hut  moderate  and  impartial, 
Obferver  of  the  Tranfaflietu  of  Parliament  and  Army*  Pnated  tn 
the  laft  Tear  of  England's  Slavery,  1647,  J 

(d)  Memoirs,  p.  97,  and  115. 

c  tO 


Parliamentary  HISTORY 

to  us  of  Weight,  intimated  by  their  Papers  Tent 
unto  us  laft  Night.  They  have  been  in  Con- 
fultation  amongft  themfelves  all  this  Day,  and 
now  they  inform  us  by  Sir  Hardrefi  Waller,  that 
they  find  the  Matters  under  their  prefent  Confi- 
deration  of  that  Difficulty,  that  they  hold  it  ne- 
ceflary  to  confult  the  General  and  the  Council 
of  War  before  they  prefent  it  to  be  debated  on, 
and  do  intend  to  come  to  us  again  this  Night : 
But  fearing  it  may  be  very  late,  we  thought  fit  at 
prefent  to  give  you  this  Account,  and  reft 

Tour  Lore 

Humble  and  faithful  Servant, 


A  Letter  from  the  Scots  Commiflioners  was  read, 
relating  to  the  intercepting  of  their  Packets  by  the 
Army,  addrefs'd  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of 

JForceJIer-Houfe,  July  6,  1647. 

Right  Honourable, 

*  VT7E  received  your  Lordfhip's  civil  Letter,  in 
'    **     anfwer  to  ours  of  the  28th  of  June,  con- 

*  cerning  the  intercepting  of  our  Letters  by  fome 

*  of  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax's  Army,  and  are  very  fen- 
'  fible  of  your  Lordmip's  Care  there  expreffed  to 
4  find    out  the  Perfon,    and   to  prevent   the  like 

*  Abufe  for  the  future ;  only,  in  Obedience  to  the 

*  Direction  of  the  Committee  of   Eftates  of  the 
*•  Kingdom   of  Scotland,    we  have  this  to  add   to 

*  what  we  formerly  reprefcnted  in  that  Particular, 

*  that  the  MefTenger  who  was  intercepted  informed 

*  their  Lordfhips,  that  thofe   who  did  apprehend 

*  him,  {hewed   him  a  Warrant  under   Sir 

*  Fairfax's  Hand,  to  ftop  and  apprehend  ail  Perfons 
'  carrying  Letters  or  Intelligence. 

4  We  thank  your  Lordflaip  for  the  AfTurance  you 
'  have  given  us,  that  you  will  not  be  wanting  ia 
'  any  Thing  that  may  tend  to  the  preferving  o/  a 

*  g'->od 

^ENGLAND.  95 

*  good  Correfpondency  between  the   Kingdoms  ;  An-  *3  Car- 

*  wherein  your  Lordmip  &all  always  have  the  Con- 

e  currence  of  July. 

Your  Lord/hip's  moft  bumble  Servants, 


After  reading  thefe  Letters  the  Lords  ordered, 
That  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax's  Letter  [before  given  at 
p.  43.]  be  fent  inclofed  to  the  Scots  Commiffioners  ; 
and  that  the  Commiffioners  refiding  with  the  Army 
do  acquaint  the  General,  That  the  Houfe  expects 
the  like  may  be  prevented  for  the  future. 

July  8.  Another  Letter  from  the  Earl  of  Not- 
tingham and  the  Lord  Wharton,  with  fome  Papers 
inclofed,  were  read,  directed  as  ufual  to  the  Earl  of 

Reading,  July  8,   1647. 

Two  in  the  Morning. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lordjhip, 

THIS  Morning  Alderman  Gibbs,  Alderman 
Vyner,  and  others,  fent  from  the  Common 
Council  of  the  City  of  London  to  refide  in  the 
Army,  informed  us  of  fomething  which  they  de- 
fired  us  to  reprefent  unto  the  Parliament :  The 
Subftance  of  which  Information,  together  with 
our  Anfwer  thereunto,  we  fend  you  here  in- 

*  We  find  that  the  Proceedings  in  the  Treaty,  on. 
the  Army's  Part,  are  very  flow,  which  caufed  us 
to  give  in  a  Paper  this  Morning  to  their  Com- 
miffioners, tending  to  quicken  them  therein,  unto 
which  we  have  even  now  received  their  Anfwer  ; 
which,  together  with  a  Copy  of  our  Paper  to 
them,  we  herewith  fend  you.  We  reft 

Your  Lord/hip's  humble  Servants, 

P.  WrfARTON. 


96  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.    ^Jjg  SUBSTANCE  of  what  was  delivered^  by  Word 
v__         __j        of  Mouth,  to  the  Commijfioners  of  the  Parliament^ 
July.  h  ^derman  Gibbs,  Alderman  Vyner,  and  other s^ 

fent  from  the  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  Lon- 
don, to  refide  in  the  Army^  referred  to  in  the  fore- 
going Letter. 

Reading  July  7,  1647. 

«  HP  H  E  Y  obferved  firft,  That  the  Proceedings 

*  in  the  Treaty  which  we  were  upon,  were 
4  very  flow  ;  and  that  they  perceived  the  great  Ob- 
4  ftruciions  therein  were,  that  the  Army  had  not 
^  obtained  Security  for  preventing  of  a  new  War  ; 

*  and  particularly,    that  two  Things   were  preft 
4  upon  them  by  the  Officers  of  the  Army  in  this 

*  Bufmefs  ;  the  one,  That  the  fame  Concourfe  of 

*  Officers,  Reformadoes,  and  Soldiers,  if  not  in- 
4  creafed,  did  ftill  continue  in  the  Cities  of  London 
4  and  Weftminftcr.     To  which  all  the  Anfwer  they 
4  could   give  was,  They  had   thrice  follicited  the 
4  Parliament,  in  three  Weeks,  for  their  Removal, 
4  before  whom  it  ftill  was,  and  is  in  a  Sphere  above 

*  them  ;  and  therefore  defired  us  to   make   Repre- 
4  fcntation  thereof  to  the  Parliament. 

*  The  fecond  Particular  was,  by  lifting  of  Men 
'  by  the  Committee  of  the  Militia  for  the  City  of 
4  London  ;  which  laft  they  conceived  was  for  the 
4  Safety  of  the  City  of  London^  in  relation  to  the 
4  Danger  by  that  Concourfe  of  Soldiers  before  ex- 
4  preffed.' 

The  $UESTANCE  of  cur  ANSWER,  to  be  returned  by 
the  City's  Commijjtoners  to  the  ArTny,  by  Word  of 
Mouth,  was  as  follows  : 

*  'IT  HAT   there   hath  been  no  Delayer,  cu: 
4    •*•     Part;  but  that  fmce  the  Beginning  of  the 
4  Treaty  we  have  haftened  it  all  that  lay  in  our 
4  Power,    and   have  carefully  obferved  the  Times 
4  and  Places  of  Meeting  :  That  upon  our  preffing 
4  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Army  to  a  more  fpeedy 
4  Difpatch,    they  have  alledged  that  fo  much  of 

2  4  their 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

*  their  Time  hath  been  taken  up  about  their  Charge, 
4  and  other  intervening  Occafions,    they  could  not 
4  give  better  Attendance,    nor  make  a  more  fpeedy 

*  Progrefs  :  That  we  mall  make  ufe  of  this   Oc- 

*  caflon  to  quicken  their  Proceedings,  and  mail  give 
1  an  Account  to  the  Houfes  of  what  hath  pafs'd, 
'  herein.' 

The  PAPER  delivered  in  by  the  COMMISSIONERS  of 
PARLIAMENT  to  thofe  of  the  ARMY. 

Reading,  July  7,  1647. 

*  HI"*  HAT  finding  the  Expectation  of  the  Par- 

*  JL      liament  and  Kingdom  to  be  very  great  up- 

*  on  the  fpeedy  Progrefs  and  happy  Iflue  of  this 

*  Treaty  ;  in  Confideration  thereof  we  have  made 
''  it  our  Care  conftantly  to  attend  at  the  appointed 

*  Times  of  Meeting,  and  to  prefs  all  Difpatch  there  - 

*  in  :  And  we  cannot  but  take  Notice  that  the  Pro- 
4  ceedings,  on  your  Part,  have  been  and  are  very 

*  flow,  and  that  little  or  nothing  hath  been  done  in 

*  the  Treaty  fmce  our  Entrance  thereupon  ;  and 

*  therefore,  in  Pifcharge  of  our  Duty  and  the  Truft 

*  repofed  in  us,  we  do  very  earneftly  defire  that  the 
'  Treaty  may  be  effectually  proceeded  on  with  all 
'  Expedition,  and  the  Times  for  Meeting  punctually 
4  kept  ;  there  being  nothing  that  {hall  be  wanting 

*  in  us,  according  to  the  Power  given  us,   to  fur- 
4  ther  a  Work  of  fo  great  Importance,  and  which 
«  may  perfect  a  right  Underftanding  betwixt  the 

*  Parliament  and  the  Army.' 

By  the  Appointment  of  the  CommiJJioners  refiding 
with  the  Army.     GEQRGE  pyKEj 

The  ANSWER  of  the  COMMISSIONERS  of  the 
ARMY  to  the  foregoing  Paper. 

Reading,  July  7,  1647. 

*  TQ  Y  the  laft  Paper  delivered  in  unto  us  from 

*  JD  your  Lordihips   here,  this  very  Day,    we 

*  perceive   you  find  that  the  Expectation  of  the 

VOL.  XVI.  G  c  Par- 

9  8  The  ^Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  Parliament  and  Kingdom  is  great  upon  the  fpeaf*' 

, .         ,   '  Progrefs   ;md   happy   Iflue  of  this  Treaty.     We 

ju]ya          *  anfwer,  That  we  do  really  apprehend  the  fame 
4  Things  with  you  ;  neither  can  we  but  witnefs  that 

*  you  have  conftantly  attended  the  appointed  Times 
'•  of  Meeting,  and  preffed   Difpatch  therein  :    Ne- 

*  verthelefs,  we  cannot  but   be  very  fenfible  that 

*  you  fecm  to  reflect  upon  us  farther  than  there  is 
4  juft  Caufe,  in  your  taking  Notice  that  the  Pro- 
'  ceedings  herein  fhould   be   flow  and   dilatory  on 

*  our  Part,  as  if  we  mould  not  feem  to  defire  and 
4  labour  the   quick   and   fpeedy  Settlement  of  the 
'  Affairs   of   the    Kingdom,   in   a  fafe   and  well- 

*  grounded  Peace,  as  cordially  as  any  Perfons  what- 
4  foever.     We  {hall  therefore  defire  you  to  remem- 
4  ber  with  what  Forwardnefs  we  have,  in  the  firft 

*  Place,  prefented  to  you   thofe  Things   which  we 
4  did  in  our  Hearts  conceive  neceflary   in  order  to 

*  a  Treaty ;   and  without  which  being  granted,  we 

*  could  not,  with  Safety   to  the  Kingdom  and  Sa- 
'  tisfaction  to  ourfelves,   proceed  in  Treaty  ;  and 
'  further  prefled  you  to  prefent  them  to  the  Parlia- 
4  ment  with   Speed,  that  a  quick  Difpatch   might 
4  be  had  therein,  as  being,  in  our  Thoughts,  the 
'  chiefeft  and  fureft  Way  to  prevent  the  Engaging 

*  this  Kingdom  in  a  fecond  War  ;  \vhen,  contraiy 
'  to  bur  Expectation,  we  have  found  little  effec- 
'  tually  done  in  relation  to  our   Defires  in  thofe 
'Things  moft  concerning  the  Safety  and  Peace  of 

*  the  Kingdom. 

'  To  the  End  therefore  we  may  acquit  ourfelves 
4  from  being  guilty  of  the  Delay  you  mention,  and 
'  that  it  may  appear  to  all  Men  where  the  Stick  is 
6  of  not  proceeding  in  the  Treaty  to  a  Settlement 
*.of  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  fo  much  thirfted 

*  after  by'  us  all  j    we  thought  fit  to  remind  you  of 
'  thefe  following  Propofals,  which  we    have   for- 

*  merly  infrfted  upon,  and  to  which  Satisfaction  ia 
4  not  given  : 

I.  That  there   is  nothing  done  •vulti)   Ejffeft^    net- 

*  with/landing  the  VoUi  of  the  Houfe,  to  the  difper~ 

of   ENGLAND.  99 

*  fmg  'of  the  Rtformado  'Officers,  who  ft  ill  continue  In  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  and  about  London,  reaJy  to  bead  Forces  to  the  ap~     ^   l647» 

'  parent  Hazard  of  a  new  War.  TuT""^ 

II.  (  That  notwithjlandlng  the  Fates  of  the  Houfe  X 
c  for  the  fpeedy  fending  into  Ireland,   or  difbanding, 

*  thofe  Forces  -which  left  the  Army  \  and  their  fpecial 
'  Order  to    the  Committee  at  Derby- Houfe,    to  take 
'-fpecdy  Care  therein^  yet  they'  are  Jlill  continued  in 

*  Bodies  in  and  about  London  ;  and^  as  we  hear  are 

*  daily  lifting  more  Forces^  pretending  the  Service  of 

*  Ireland. 

III.  That  notw'ithjtandtng  the  Votes  of  the  Houfe  of 

*  the  loth  of  June,  and  thofe  fence  of  the  6th  of  July , 

*  for  the  prefent  purging  of  the   Houfe  ^   yet   divers 
'  Perfons^    compr'ifed  in  thefe   Votes ;  continue  frill  ta 
*fit  there. 

(  So  long  as  we  remain  unfatisfied  In  the  two  firil 
'  of  thefe  Particulars,  we  cannot   be  fecured  from 

*  thofe  Doubts  we  have  exprefTed  of  the  Danger  of 

*  a  new   War  ;    efpecially  if  it  be  conftdered  that 

*  the  End  of  inviting  fo  many  Reformado  Officers 

*  to  London^  was   to   lay  a  Foundation    of  a  new 
'  War,  and  was  principally  carried  on  by  the  De- 

*  fign  of  feme  of  thofe  Members  of  the  Houfe  of 
'  Commons  we  have  impeached  :  And  likcwife  that 

*  divers   of  the  Officers  and   Soldiers,    which  left 
'  this  Army,  were  procured  by  Promifes   of  Pay, 
1  and  other   Engagements  ;    which   were   likewife 
'  defigned   by  the  fame  Perfons  aforementioned,  if 

*  poffibly   they   might   thereby    have    broken   this 
'  Army. 

«  And  for  the  laft  :    What  comfortable  Effect 
«  may  we  expect  of  a  Treaty,  fo  long  as  the  Par- 

*  liament  (the   Supreme  Judicatory    of  the  King- 
'  dpm)  is  confKtuted  of  fome  that  are  Men  of  In- 

*  terefts  contrary   to  the  common   Good  thereof; 

*  from  whom  we  can  expect  nothing  but  Banding 
'  and  Defigning,  to  obftruct  and  fruftrate  all  Pro- 

*  ceedings   contrary  to  their  Jnterefts,  tho'  never 
c  fo  eflential  to  the  happy  Settlement  of  the  King- 

*  dom  ?  And  if  a  feafonablc  Remedy  be  not  given 

G  2  *  herein, 

i  oo  fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a^car.  I.  <  herein,  we  defpair  of  any  Good  to  the  Kingdom 
^ l6*7'  t  *  by  way  of  Treaty.' 


By  the  Appointment   of  the  Comm'jjjioners  of  the 

Jrmy.  w^  CLERKE>  Secretary. 

July  9.  The  Commons  came  to  the  following 
Refolutions,  which  had  been  debated  in  their  Houfe 
feveral  Days  : 

Refolutions  of  i.  «  That  HO  Perfon  that  hath  been  in  actual 
Tha^TpSfons  War  againft  the  Parliament,  or  hath  afted  by  the 
who  had  adhered  Commiffion  of  Array,  or  voluntarily  aided  the  King 
to  the  King,  be  in  this  War  againft  the  Parliament ;  or  that,  fince 

!1*  20th  of  May  l642'  hath  fued  fot>  or  volun" 
tarily  accepted,  a  Pardon  from  the  King;  or  has 

directed,  advifed,  affifted,  figned,  orconfented  unto 
the  Ceffation  of  Ireland;  or  otherwife  aflifted  the 
Rebellion  of  Ireland;  or  .  as  ftand  fequeftered  by 
Authority  of  Parliament,  for  Delinquency,  (hall  pre- 
fume  to  fit  in  this  Houfe. 

2.  c  That  the  Perfons  that  fhall  be  comprehert- 
ded  within  this  Order  fhall  incur  the  Penalty  of 
being  put  into  the  fecond  Branch  of  the  fourth  Qua- 
lification, in  the  Propofitions  concerning  fuch  Mem- 
bers as  deferted  the  Parliament,  and  fat  in  the  unr 
lawful  Aflembly  at  Oxford? 

The  fame  Day  an  Ordinance  pafled  both  Houfes 
for  all  Delinquents  and  Malignants  to  depart  out  of 
the  Lines  of  Communication,  and  twenty  Miles 
diftant,  in  five  Days ;  the  Earls  of  Lincoln,  Suffolk, 
and  Middlefex,  with  the  Lords  North,  JPilloughby, 
and  Hunfdon  diflenting.  Alfo  another  Ordinance 
pafled,  commanding  all  Officers  and  Soldiers  to  de- 
part from  the  Cities  of  London  and  Wejtminfter^  and 
Parts  adjacent.  The  former  Lords,  with  the  Earl 
of  Stamford,  diffenting. 

A  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  fent  to  both 
Houfes,  was  read  :  The  Copy  thereof,  as  publifh- 


of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  101 

cd  by  Order  of  him  and  his  Council  of  War,  runs  An.  »3  Car.  I. 

Mr.  Speaker  )  Reading^  July  8,  1647.  July. 

'  I  Was  fent  unto  by  the  King  on  Friday  laft,    to  A  Letter  from 

*  I   defire  the  Parliament  to  give  way  to  him  to  sir  ThomasFair- 
•fee  his  Children;  and  that   they  might,  for  that  Kingmlffeehi! 
e  Purpofe,    be  fent  to  him.     If  I  may  be  bold  hum-  Children  ;  and 

c  bly  to  offer  my  Opinion,   I  think  the  Allowance  vindicating  the 

*  c  r     \.       T'u  •  u  •  L  i_     i      /i  TJ         Behaviour  of  th« 

'  of  fuch  a  1  hing  may   be  without  the  leaft  rre-  Army  UWtrds 

*  judice  to  the  Kingdom,  and  yet  gain  more  upon  him. 

*  his  Majefty  than  Denying  it  ;    and  if  it  be  the 

*  Prayer  of  every  good  Man  that  his  Heart  may  be 

*  gained,  the  Performance  of  fuch  Civilities  to  him 
K  is  very  fuitable  to  thofe  Defires,  and  will  bear  well 
4  with  all  Men  ;  who,  if  they  can  imagine  it  to  be 

*  their  own  Cafe,   cannot  but  be  forry  if  his  Ma- 
'jefty's  natural  Affection  to  his  Children,    in   fo 

*  fmall  a  Thing,  fhould   not    be  complied   with  ; 
'  and  if  any  Queftion   fhould  be  concerning  the 

*  Affurance  of  their  Return,  I  (hall  engage  for  that 

*  within  what  Time  the  Parliament  fhall  limit. 

*  Upon  this  Occafion  give  me  Leave,  I  befeech 

*  you,  to  take  Notice  of  fome  Reports  fpread  abroad, 

*  as  if  myfelf  and  the  Officers  of  the  Army  were 

*  upon  fome  under-hand  Contrail  or  Bargain  with 
c  the  King  ;  and  from  thence  Occafion  is  taken  to 
'  flander  our  Integrities,  and  endeavour  a  Mifunder- 
'  ftanding  betwixt  the  Parliament  and  their  Army  ; 
«  the  Fidelity  of  which  to  the  Parliament  and  King- 
'  dom,  and  their  Affection  to  it,  are  the  great  Ob- 
«  jecl:  of  many  Men's  Envy,  becaufe  they  fee  nothing 
«  fp  likely  to  fettle  Right  and  Freedom,  with  Truth 

*  and  Peace  to  us  and  our  Pofterity,  and  to  hinder 
c  their  Defigns  againft  the  fame,   as  an  Harmony 
'  and  good  Accord  between   the   Parliament  and 

<  Army  ;  which  is  the  Joy  of  good  Men,  and  which 

*  fhall  be  our  Study  to  preferve  againft  all  Defigns 

*  and  Defigners  to  the  contrary. 

*  To  prevent,  therefore,  all  Mifunderftandings 

<  of  that  Kind,  I  thought  fit,  with  all  Clearness, 

(g)  Printed  for  Laurence  Chapman,,  July  10,  1647. 

03  'to 

102  7/6^  ParUamehtary  HISTORY 

f.n.  ZT,  Car.  I.  «  to  declare  unto  you,  That  we  have  done  nothing, 

^   1647.    ^    s  nor  ^ajj  jo  any  thing,  which  we   defire  to  hide 

July.         *  from  you  or  ^c  World,  or  (hull  not  avow  to  the 

*  Faces  of  our  greateft  Adverfarics. 

'  Our  Defire'j  concerning  a  juft  Confideration 
'  and  Settlement  of  Ac  Mi::g'j  Rights,  his  Majefty 
4  firft  .currencc  to  fettle  and  fecure 

*  the  Rights  and   Liberties   of  the  Kingdoms,  we 

*  have  air..  !</  declared  in  our  Reprefenr 
'  tation  and  Rr:monftrance.     Since  the  firft  of  thofe 
6  Papers   f^nt  to'  the  Parliament,  there  have  been 
4  feveral  Ofucers  cf  the  Army,  upon  feveral  Occa- 
'  f;on?,  fent  to  his  Majefty  ;  the  firft  to  prefent  to 
•*  him  a  Copy  of  the  Representation,  and  after  that 

*  forne  others  to  tender  him  a  Copy  of  th' :  Remon- 
'  ftrance;  upon  'both  \vhich,  the  Officer?,  feiit  were 
'  appointed  to  clear  the  Senfe  and  Intention  of  any 

*  thing  in  either  Paper,    whereupon   his    Majefty 
'  might  make  any  Quefticr..    Since  then  there  have 
'  alfo  been  fome  Officers,  at  feveral   Times,  fent 
«  to  his  Majefty  abbu't  his  Remove  from  Haificld -p 

*  to  difiuade,  if  poiTible,  from  Windjor  or  any  Place 
'  lo   near  Lo;:.!M9    to   fome    Place  of  farther  Di- 
4  fiance,  anfwerable  to  what  we  had  defired  of  the 
'  Parliament. 

*  In.  all  which  Adcrefics  to  his  Majefty  we  care 
'  not  who  knows  what  hath  been  faid  or  done ;  /or 

*  as  we  have  nothing  tc  bargain  for  or  to  afk  either 
'  from  his  Majefty  or  the  Parliament,  for  Advan- 

*  tage  to  ourfelves,  or  any  particular  Party  or  In- 
1  tereft  of  our  cv/n  ;  fo,  in  all  thofe  Addreffes  to  his 

*  Mrjcftv,    we    have  utterly  difclaimed    and  difa- 

*  vowed  any  fuch  Thing  (/;),  [or  any  Overtures  or 

*  Tksugbts  tending  that  I'/ay  ;]  but  the  only  Intent 

*  r.nd   EfFc<a  of  thofe  our  Addrefles  hath  been,  to 

*  defire  [and  endeavour]  his  Majefty's  free  ConcurT 
4  currence  with  the  Parliament,  for  eftablilhing  and 
4  fecuring  the  common  Rights   and  Liberties,  and! 

*  fettling    the   Peace   of    the    Kingdom ;     and   to 

ft}  The  Words  in  Italic^  betwixt  Crotchets,  srs  emitted  i|i  JUafh- 

4  affurc 

^ENGLAND.  103 

e  aflure  him,   that   (the  Public  being  fo  provided  An.  aj  Car.  I* 

*  for,  with  fuch  his  Majefty's  Concurrence)  it  is         l6*7'   t 

*  fully  agreeable  to  our  Principles,  and  ihould  be  our    *    ~T^ 
'  Defires  and  Endeavours,  that  (with  and  in  fuch 

*  fettling  of  the  Public)  the  Rights  of  his  Majefty's 
1  Royal  Family  mould  be  alfo  provided  for,  fo  as  a 
'  lafting  Peace  and  Agreement  might  be  fettled  in 
'  this  Nation  ;  and  that,  as  we  had    publickly  de- 
'  clared   for   the  fame    in   general   Terms,  fo,    if 

*  Things  come  to  a  Way  of  Settlement,  we  fhould 

*  not  be  wanting  in  our  Spheres,  to  own  that  general 

*  Defire,    in  any   Particulars    of  natural   or   civil 
«  Right  of  his  Majefty's  Perfon  or  Family,  which 

*  might  not  prejudice  or  again  indanger  the  Public.; 
'  and,  in  the  mean  Time,  that  his  Majefty  fhould 

*  find  all  perfonal  Civilities  and  Refpe&s  from  us, 

*  with  all  reafonable  Freedom  that  might  ftand  with 
'  Safety,  and  with  the  Truft  or  Charge  lying  upon 

*  us  concerning  his  Perfon. 

'  You  have  here  the  utmoft  Sum  of  what  hath 
e  palled  from  us  to  his  Majefty  j  and  we  could  wifti 

*  all  Men  did  rightly  underftand,  without  Mifrepre- 
*•  fentation,  every  Particular  j  wherein  (as  we  know 

*  nothing  not  agreeable  to  Reafon,  Juftice,  Honeily, 

*  or  Confcience,  fo)  we  thought  ourfelves  concerned 
6  the  rather  to  fay  and  do  as  we  have  towards  his 

*  Majefty,  fmce  he  came  within  our  Quarters,  be- 
'  caufe  of  thofe  common  Prejudices  fuggefted  againft 

*  us,  as  if  we  were  utter  Enemies  to  Monarchy,  and 

*  all  civil  Order  or  Government. 

*  And  for  that  Particular  of  the  Duke  of  Rich- 

*  mond  and  the  two  Chaplains  lately  permitted  to 
'  attend   his    Majefty ;    it  was   not  done  without 

*  much  Relu£ancy,   becaufe  therein  we  doubted 

*  we  might  be  mifunderftood  by  the  Kingdom's  beft 

*  Friends  y  but  upon  his   Majefty's  continued  Im- 

*  portunity  for  it,  as  a  Thing  very  nearly  concern- 

*  ing   his  prefent  inward    and  outward    Content- 

*  ment  j  and  conceiving  thofe  Perfons  fuch,  as  we 
•*  hoped,  would  not  do  ill  Offices  to  prejudice  the 
<  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  we  did  give  Way  to  it ; 

*  and  the  Perfons,  before  they  came,  had  Notice  of 

G  4  *  th« 

1 04  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I,  c  the  Permiffion  ;  And  as  we  then  thought,  fo  we 

i  l647«         <  ftill  do  think,  that  to  allow  him  fome  fuch  Com- 

,jv^~~     '  pany  of  Perfons  leaft  dangerous,  whom  former 

6  Acquaintance  may  make  him  take  Pleafure  in, 

*  and  the  Allowance  of  fome  fuch  Chaplains  of  his 
'  own,    are  Things  both  reafonable  and  juft ;  and 

*  the  Debarring  of  that  Liberty  in  the  latter,  we 

*  doubt,  will  but  make  him  more  prejudiced  againft 
'  other  Minifters. 

c  In  general,  we  humbly  conceive  that,  to  avoid 
'  all  Harflmefs,  and  afford  all  kind  Ufage  to  his 

*  Majefty's  Perfon,  in  Things  confifting  with  the 
4  Peace  and  Safety  of  the  Kingdom,  is  the  moft 
'  chriftian,    honourable,    and  prudent  Way ;    and 

*  in  all  Things  (as  the  Reprefentation   and  Re- 
'  monflrance  of  the  Army  do  exprefs)  we  think  that 

*  tender,  equitable,   and  moderate  Dealing  towards 

*  hisMajefty,  his  Royal  Family,  and  his  late  Party, 
'  fo  far  as  may  {land  with  Safety  to  the  Kingdom, 
'  and  Security  to  our  common  Rights  and  Liber- 
'  ties,  is  the  moft  hopeful  Courfe  to  take  away  the 

*  Seeds  of  War  or  future   Feuds  amongft  us  for 
«  Pofterity,  and  to  procure  a  lafting  Peace  and  A- 

*  greement  in  this  now  diftrafted  Nation  ;  to  the 

*  effecting  and  fettling  whereof  (with  a  fecure  Prq- 

*  vifion  firft  to  be  made  for  the  common  Rights 
'  and  Liberties  of  the  Kingdom,  and  a  due  Care 

*  to  preferve  and   propagate  the  Gofpel  of  Truth 
'  and  Peace  amongft  us)  we  fhall  hope  that  neither 

*  the  Parliament  nor  his  Majefty  will  be  wanting  : 

*  And   if  God  fhall  fee  it  good  to   make  us  any 

*  way   inftrumental   thereunto,    or  that   we   may 
'  otherwife  fee  the  fame   accomplished,   we  fhall 

*  then  think  ourfelves  indeed  discharged   from  the 

*  public  Engagements    we    have  been  called    ou,t 

*  unto,  more  clearly  and  effe&ually  than  (before 

*  fuch  Things  were  fettled)  we  could  have  thought 

*  ourfelves  to  be ;  and,  to  demonftrate  our  Clear- 

*  nefs  from  feeking  Self  Advantages  in  what  we  did, 

*  we  fhall  henceforth  account  it  our  greateft  Hap- 

*  pinefs  and  Honour,  if  God   fee  it  good,  to  be 

*  difengaged  and  difmifled,  not  only  from  our  Mi- 

« litary 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  105 

*  litary  Charges, but  from  all  other  Matters  of  Power  An.  2,  Car.  I. 
c  or  public  Employment  whatfoever.  .   '  V'    t 

«  I  have  in  thefe  Things  fpoke,  not  in  my  own         July> 

<  Name  alone,  but  in  the  Name  (becaufe  I  find  it  to 

*  be  the  clear  Senfe  of  the  Generality,  or  at  leaft  of 

<  the  moft  confiderable  Part)  of  the  Army  ;  and  I 
4  am  confident  you  and  the  Kingdom  will  never  find 

*  it  otherwife  :    I  fhall  leave  it  to  your  favourable 

<  Conftru&ion-,  and  commit   all  to  the  Goodnefs 

<  of  God  for  an  happy  Iffue.     I  remain 

Tour  mojl  bumble  Servant, 


July  12.  The  Houfe  of  Peers  fent  a  Meflage  to 
the  Commons,  and  therewith  a  Letter  from  the 
King  to  the  Duke  of  York,  intimating  his  Maje- 
fty's  Defires  to  fee  his  Children  j  which  their  Lord- 
fhips  agreed  to  and  fent  to  the  Commons  for  their 
Concurrence.  His  Majefty's  Letter  was  read  as 
follows : 

JAMES.  Caverfham,  July  4,  1647. 

/Am  in  Hopes  that  you  may  be  permitted,  with    your 
Brother  and  Sifter ;  to  come  to  feme  Place  betwixt 
this  and  London,  -where   I  may  fee  you;  to  this  End  York,  appoi 
therefore  I  command  you  to  ajk  Leave  of  the  two  Houfes  ing  an  Inter- 
to  make  a    Journey,  if  it  may  be,  for  a  Night   or  V1CW» 
two  ;  but  rather  than  not  to  fee  you,  I  will  be  content 
to  come  to  feme  convenient  Place  to  dine,    and  go  back 
at  Night :  And  forefeeing  the  Fear  of  your  being  with- 
in the  Power  of  the  Army,  as  I  am,  may-  be  objected 
to  hinder  this  my  Dejire,    I  have  full  Affurance  from 
Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and  their  chief  Officers,  that 
there  will  be  no   Interruption  or  Impediment  made  by 
them  for  your  Return,  hovj  and  when  you  pleafe.     So 
God  blefs  you. 

Your  loving  Father, 


P.  S.  Send  me  Word  as  feon  as  you  can,  of  the  Time 
and  Place  where  I  /hall  have  the  Contentment  of  feeing  . 
you,  your  Brother  and  Sifter. 


1  06 

An.  z-?  Car.  I. 

Which  both 
ou  es  cer     t 

More  Letters 

the  King, 

T&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

The  Commons  having  debated  upon  this  Let- 
*er»  and  what  was  propofed  by  the  General  in  hi* 
laft  concerning  the  fame,  it  was  at  length  agreed 
upon  by  both  Houfes,  that  his  Highnefs  the  Duke 
Of  York*  and  the  reft  of  the  King's^Children,  {hall 
jiave  Leave  te  gO  to  njs  Majefty  ;  to  continue  with 
him  two  Days,  and  then  return  j  and  the  Earl  of 
Northumberland  to  go  with  them  and  take  Care  of 

The  fame  Day  two  more  Letters  were  read  in  the 
Houfe  of  Lords,  addrefTed,  as  ufual,  to  the  Earl  of 
Mancbejler  their  Speaker. 

And  firft,  a  Letter  from  the  Commifiioners  at* 
tending  the  King. 

My  Lord,  Caverjhamy  July  9,   1647. 

e  Q  Ince  our  coming  to  this  Place,  Col.  Whaky 
'  *^  receiving  new  Orders  from  the  General,  we 
'  c°uld  not  expect  any  Fruit  of  our  Orders  ;  yet 

*  we  have  renewed  them  unto  him,    requiring  that 

*  he  would  remove  Dr.   Sheldon  and  Dr.  Hammond 
<  from  the  King,  together  with  fuch  others  as  have 
«  Accefs  to  his  Majefty,  contrary  to  the  fifth  Ar- 

*  tide  of  our  Inftru&ions.     His  Anfwer  is,  That 
«  he  hath  not  as  yet  received  any  Direction  from 
'  his  Excellency,  whofe  Command  he  muft  expect 
«  before  he  can  yield  Obedience  to  us,  for  the  Rea- 

*  fons  formerly  given  to  us  at  Hatfald,  which  we 
4  related  unto  you  at  large  in   our  Letters   from 

*  thence  ;  Copies  whereof  we  have  inclofed  (g)t  for 
«  that  Col  .  IVhaley  refers  himfelf  to  what  he  then 
'  faid  ;  and  the  State  of  our  Condition  having  been 

*  thereby  truly  reprefented  unto  you,  it  will  appear 

*  that  we  are  in  not  a  Capacity  of  giving  other  Ac- 

*  cpunt,  but  remain 

Tow  LordJJjip's  humble  Servant^ 


(f)  Theft  Letter!  are  alit%3jr  given  at  p,  41  jad  43, 


of    ENGLAND.  107 

Next  a  Letter  from  the  Commiflioners  refiding  An<  23  Car«  '•• 
wich  the  Anajr.  ^  to> 

May  it  phafe  your  Lordfoip^ 

<•  \T  Efterdsy  we  received   an  Account  of  what  And  thofe  with 

'    I     had  pa'flcd  in  the  Koufes  for  fatisfying  the  the 

'  luft  Paper  from  the   Army,   wherewith   we   ac- 

'  (piafnted   the  General  ;  and    defired    his  Excel- 

c  iency  that,   fmce  the  three  Propofals  laft  fent  up 

were  fo  far  fatisfied  by  the  Parliament,  the  Treaty 

might  np\v  be  proceeded    in  with   Speed  and  Ef- 

fect,  and   a  Time  for  meeting  of  Commiffioners 

on  both  Parts  for  that  Purpofe  forthwith  appoint- 

ed.    To   which   his  Excellency  thus  anfwered. 

That  he  and  the  Council  of  War  had   not  been 

wanting  in  their  Thoughts  to  prepare  fomething 

in    order  to   the   Speeding,  thereof  and   that  he 

hoped,    at   our   next  Meeting,    we   fhould   find 

Things  in  a  good  Forwardnefs  thereunto*..     We 


To  ur  Lordjrjip*  s  bumble  Servants^ 


't  he  fame  Day  aifo  the  Commons,  after  long  De- 
bate, voted  the  Impeachment  againft  the  eleven 
Members  to  be  a  Charge,  ordered  them  Counfel  and 
a  Week's  Time  to  bring  in  their  Anfwer. 

July  14.  To  Ihew  that  all  Sorts  and   Ranks  of  A  Petition  from 
People  had  now  fet  their  Heads  on  reforming  and  and  Appre^S 
regulating  the  State,  this  Day  a  Petition  was  pre-  Of  London, 
fented  to  both  Houfes,  the  Title  of  which  runs  thus  : 
70  the  Honourable  the  Lords  and  Commons  ajjembled  in 
Parliament  >  the  humble  Petition  of  thofe  well  effetted 
to   the  Government,  both  young  Men   and  Apprentices 
cf  the   City  of  London,  fubfcribed  by  above   IO,OOO 

Six  of  the  Petitioners  being  aflembled  at  the 
Door  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  were  all  immediately 


1 08  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  called   up  to  the  Bar,  where  one  of  them,  in  the 
Name  of  the  Subfcribers,  fpake  as  followeth : 

My  Lords, 

1  1  F  it  may  pleafe  this  Honourable  Houfe,  we  are 
4  commanded,  by  the  young  Men  and  Appren- 
'  tices  of  the  City  of  London^  to  prefent  your  Hon- 
4  ours  with  this  their  humble  Petition ;  being  in  Pur- 

*  fuance  of  their  Covenant  with  God  which  is  upon 
4  them,  humbly  craving  your  charitable  Conftruc- 

*  tion ;  their  Ends    being  fmgle,  for  the  Glory  of 

*  God,  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  and  Vindica- 
4  tion  of  the  Parliament.* 

For  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  in  the   High 
Court  of  Parliament  ajfembledy 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  divers  well  affetted 
YOUNG  MEN  and  APPRENTICES  of  the  City  of 
London,  &c. 

Humbly  Jheweth, 
4  "T"1  HAT  your  Petitioners  have,  with  the  for- 

*  -I      wardeft,  been  ever  ready    in  this  common 

*  Caufe  of  Religion,  Laws,    and  Liberties,  to  ad- 
4  venture  their  Lives  for  the  Prefervation  thereof; 
4-  which  we  hoped,  after  fo  much  Expence  of  Blood, 
4  and  (by   God's  Providence)  fuch    happy  Succefs 
4  of  your  Armies,  would  have  been  fettled  to  us  and 
4  our  Pofterities  in  a  lading  Peace  ;  yet,  to  the  Grief 
4  of  our  Hearts,  your  Petitioners  cannot  but  take 
4  Notice  how,  in  thefe  unhappy  Times  of  Diftrac- 
4  tion,  divers  difcontented    Perfons   labour  to  fow 
4  new  Seeds  of  Difcords  and  Divifions  amongft  us ; 
4  whereby  Incendiaries  and  Malignant?  are  encou- 
4  raged,  your  faithfuleft  Friends   difcountenanced, 
4  the  Privileges  of  Parliament  violated,   Magiftracy 
4  oppofed,  the    public  Worfliip  of  God   flighted, 
4  and  the  Liberties  and  Properties  of  the  Subject 
4  much    endangered  :    All   which  your   Petitioners 
4  laying  fadly  to  Heart,    and  having  more  before 
4  their  Eyes  the  Glory  of  God  and  the  Happinels 

*  of 

cf   ENGLAND.  109 

4  of  his  Majefty's  Kingdoms,   than  their  own  pri-  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  vate  Intereft,   (which   we  (hall    readily  facrifice 

*  for  the  Public)  do,  in  all  Humility,  moft  hum- 

*  bly  Pray, 

1.  '  That,  according  to  our  Solemn  League  and 

*  Covenant,  his   Majefty's  Royal   Perfon  may  be 

*  defended;  and  that  his  juft  Power  and  Greatnefs 

*  (in  the  Prefervation  and  Defence  of  true  Reli- 
1  gion  and  Liberties  of  the   Kingdoms)   may  be 
«  eftablifhed. 

2.  *  That  the  Rights  and  Privileges  of  Parlia- 

*  ment  may  be  vindicated,  and  the  lawful  Liberties 
'  and  Property  of  the  Subject  preferved  and  main- 
'  tained. 

3.  '  That  the  Government  of  the  Church  may  be 

*  fpeedily  fettled,  Conventicles  (the  Seminaries  of 
«  Separation)  fupprefled,  and  a  Toleration  of  licen- 

*  tious  Liberty  effectually  declared  againft. 

4.  '  That  all  Incendiaries,  Malignants,  and  evil 

*  Inftruments  which  hinder  the  Reformation  of  Re- 

*  ligion,  dividing  the  King  from  his  People,  or  one 

*  of  his  Kingdoms  from  another,  or  making  any 
'  Faction  of  Parties  among  the  People,    contrary 

*  to  the  Solemn  League  and  Covenant,  may  be 

*  brought  to   public   Trial,   and  receive  condign 
'  Punifliment. 

5.  «  That  all  Obftru&ions  to  the  Ordinary  Coure 

*  of  Juftice  may  be  removed,   and  the  infufferable 

*  Abufes  of  Committees  and  their  Officers  conft- 
«  dered. 

6.  «  That  the  Arrears  of  the  Soldiery  of  this 
'  Kingdom  may  be  fatisfied,  and  the  Security  granted 
'  for  their  further  Indemnity,  for  all  A£s  done  by 
c  them,  Tempore  &  Loco  Belli. 

7.  '  That  the  Army  now  on  Foot  may  be  dif-      v 
'  banded  or  otherwife  difpofed  of  that  fo  this  al- 

'  moft  exhaufted  Kingdom  may  be  freed  from  thofe 

*  many  grievous  Taxes  and    Oppreflions  it  now 
'  groans  under. 

8.  e  And  whereas  there  have  been  and  ftill  are 

*  great  Abufes   and   infufferable  Injuries   done  to 

*  your  Petitioners,  by  the  Sale  of  Freedoms,  and 


1 1  o  ^fhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Foreigners  intruding  into  the  Suburbs  and  Places 
near  adjacent  to  this  City,  whereby  your  Peti- 
tioners are  much  difcouraged  in  their  Service* 
the  Freemen  of  this  City  prejudicedj  and  the 
Franchifcs  and  Liberties  thereof  infringed  :  Wd 
therefore  humbly  befsech  this  Honourable  Affem- 
bly  to  refolve  on  fome  Courfe,  (as  you  in  your 
Wifdom  (hall  think  fit)  as  well  for  the  Expulfion 
of  fuch  as  have  fo  unduly  crept  in  among  us,  as  for 
the  future  Prevention  of  the  like  infufrerable  Inju- 
ries that  may  redound  to  your  Petitioners-  here- 

And  your  Petitioners,  being  ah'javs  ready  to  adven- 
ture their  Lives  and  Fortunes  fur  your  Defend 
and  Prefervatiort)  Jhcdl  ever  /rcy,  -&c, 

The  ANSWER   of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS,  delivered  in 
Form,  by  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 


*  ""IT*  H  E  Lords  have  commanded  me  to  return 

*  JL     you  hearty  Thanks  for  your  good"  Affection* 
*,  and  pious  Care  for  the  public  Peace  of  the  King- 

*  dom,  which  you  have  exprefled  by  yoiir  Petition. 

*  Their  Lordfhips   will  take  the  Particulars  thereof 

*  into  their  fpeedy  Confideration.' 

But  the  foregoing  Petition  having  been  prefented 
to  the  Commons,  they  only  ordered  two  of  their 
Members  to  acquaint  the  Petitioners,  '  That  that 
Houfe  had  divers  Matters  of  the  Petition  al ready- 
before  them,  and  would  take  the  reft  into  Conii- 
deration  in  due  Time.' 

For  a  fmall  Digreffion  from  thefq  public  Affairs, 
.the  following  private  one  falls  in  courfe,  and  do 
ferves  our  Notice.  The  Reader  may  remember1 
an  Impeachment  of  High  Treafon  preferred  againft 
John  Lord  Finch,  when  Lord-Keeper,  at  the  Be- 

t  inning  of  this  Parliament,  for  which  he   thought 
t  to  withdraw  himfelf  beyond  the  Seas.      This 
Day,  July  14,  the  following  Petition  from  him, 
5  de- 

^ENGLAND.  lit 

t'efiring  Leave  to  return   into  England^   was   pre-  An.  23  Car.  I. 
fented  to  the  Lords,  who  read   it,  and  ordered  it   t    *  *7'   ., 
to  be  confidered  another  Day  ;  which  Day  never       juiy. 
came.     However,  this  Lord  furvived  the  Reftora- 
tion,  returned  at  that  Time  into  England,  and  fat 
afterwards  as  one  of  the  Commiffioners  for  trying 
the  Regicides. 

The  Petition  now  before  us  was  in  hac  Verba  : 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  in  the  Moft  Hon- 
ourable Houfe  of  PEEKS  in  the  High  Court  of  Par- 
liament affembledy 


*"T"*  HE  Petitioner,  with  all  humble  Gratitude,  A  Petition  fr»m 

*  1    acknowledgeth  your  Lordfhips  great  Gc^-^^™^ 
4  nefs  towards  him,  that,  for  five  Years  Space,  hath  turn  to  England. 

*  forebore  that  Severity  againft  him,  to  which  your 

*  Lordfhips,  by  the  Petitioner's  Departure  out  of 
c  England,  and  otherwife,  were  juftly  provoked.    In 
'  all  this  his  difconfolate  Abfence,  the  Petitioner's 

*  Care  and  Study  hath  been  to  behave  himfelf  towards 
<  all  your  Lordfhips,  and  towards  the  Honourable 
«  Houfe  of  Commons,  fo  as  that  none  of  you  may 
«  ever  again  take  up  other  Thoughts  of  him  than 

*  benign  and  compaffionate. 

4  Old  Age,  many  late  Sicknefles,  and  the  deep 

*  Seme  of  his  long  and  prefent  Miferies,  give  the 

*  Petitioner    a  certain  Aflurance  of  a   very  (hort 

*  Life ;    which,  above'all  earthly  Things,   he  de- 

*  fires  may  take  End  in  his  dear  and  native  Soil. 

*  For  this  Purpofe  he  hath  directed  his  humble  Pe- 
'  tition  to  the  Honourable  Houfe  of  Commons  ; 

*  and   is,    by    thefe,    a  moft    humble  and  earned 
'  Suitor  to  your  Lordfhips,  humbly  begging  your 

*  moft  Honourable  Favour  for  his  free  Liberty  of 

*  returning  into  England;    which,  if  your  Lord- 
Sihips  and  that   Honourable  Aflembly  pleafe   to 

*  vouchfafe  unto  him,  it   fhall  for  ever  oblige  fb.3  ^ 

*  Petitioner,  by  all  Gratitude  and  Fidelity,  and  by  *** 
<all  other  real  Endeavours,   fo  to  expire  there, 

H2  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  <  that  neither  your  Lordmips  nor  the  Honourable 

>    *  *L'  j     *  Houfe  of  Commons  {hall  have  the  leaft  Caufe  to 

july<        «  unwifti  any  the  utmoft  Extent  of  your  Goodnefs 

'  and  Clemency,  or  the  moft-wifhed  and  comfort- 

'  able  Marks  of  your  good  Opinion. 

'  In  thefe  humble  Thoughts  the  Petitioner  mail 
«  live  and  die;  and  mall,  during  Life,  humbly  and 
'  heartily  pray  to  God  for  all  Happinefs  to  attend 

*  your  Lordmips,  and  your  moft  honourable  Pro- 

*  ceedings.' 


July  16.  An  Order  for  fuppreffing  of  Stage-Plays 
was  read  twice  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  it  beinc, 
put  to  the  Queftion,  Whether  to  limit  the  Time 
to  the  firft  of  January  next  ?  it  was  carried  in  the 
Affirmative,  the  following  Lords  entering  this  their 
Proteft  againft  it : 

A  Proteft  againft  '  We  conceiving  Stage-players  and  Stage-plays  to 
an  Order  con-  c  fa  unlawful,  and  the  Parliaments  of  England  and 
PI™".8  *  Scotland)  by  their  Propofitions,  having  defired  that 

*  they  might  be  forbidden  for  ever ;  the  Queftion 
'  being  put  for  the  Limitation  of  Time  to  the  firft  of 
'  January  next,  we  do  here  enter  our  Proteftation 
'  againft  that  Limitation.' 


The  Order  was  directed  by  both  Houfes  to  the 
Lord  Mayor,  to  take  Care  to  fupprefs  all  public 
Plays  and  Play-houfes,  all  Dancing  on  Ropes  and 
Bear-baitings,  &V. 

July  17.  The  following  Letter  from  the  Scots 
Commiflioners,  addrefled  to  the  Earl  of  Manchejler^ 
was  read. 

WorceJler-Houfe  July  17,  1647. 

Right  Honourable, 
'  |  N  Purfuance  of  the  Directions  of  the  Com- 

*  J.  mittee  of  Eftates  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scot' 

*  1and>  we  do  fend  your  Lordfhip  here  inclofed  two 

*  Papers  which   we  intreat  you  to  communicate 

2  'to 

of    ENGLAND. 

*  to    both   Houfes  ;    and,  expecting  their  Anfwer  An-  23  Car« 
«  thereunto,  we  reft 

Your  Lord/hip's  btttrtbk  Servants, 



The  PAPERS  referred  to  in'the-fcre-g&ing  Letter. 

July  1  6,   1647. 

c    \  S  we  have  often  reprefented  to  both  Houfeg  A  Paper  from 
c  Xl  of  Parliament  the  D.efires  of  the  Kingdom  Sfflfone^S" 
'  of  Scotland,  concerning  Religion  being  the  prin-  ring  the  Per- 
c  cipal  Thing'  which  engaged   them  in  the  Affift-  fiance  of  the 
<  ance  of  tHis  Kingdom  ;  now  we  cannot  conceal  J^ 

*  how  much  this  Kingdom  doth  long  and  wait  for 
'  the  performing  and  fulfilling  of  the  firft  two  Ar- 
'  tides  of  the  Solemn  League   and  Covenant,  as 

*  the  chief  Fruit  of  all  their  Pain,,  Hazards,  Suf^ 

*  ferings,  and  Lofles  which,  during  that  Affiftance, 
'  and  by  Oce.afion   thereof,  they  did,  and  do   yet 

*  undergo  j  in.  Purfuance  of  w-hich  Articles  there 
'  was,  upon  the  25th  of  December  la  ft   (/^),  a  full 

*  Paper  delivered  into  the  Committee  of  Lords  and 

*  Commons,  and  Divines,  appointed  to  receive  Pa- 
pers of  that   Kind,  which  .wu.s  by  them  '  tranf- 
'  mitted  to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  whofe  An- 
4  fwer  thereunto  we  have  ever  been  expelling  for 
'the  Space  of  fix  Months,  and  upwards;  but  ag 
'  yet  have  received.  none,  arsd   fo  can  give  no  fatif- 
c  factory  Account  thereof  to  the  Kingdom  of  Scot' 

*  land,  tho'  it  be  the  chief  Thing  whereof  they  der 

*  fire  and    expeft   an    Account   from   us  :  We  do 

*  therefore,  for   our  Exoneration,  earneftly  deilre 

*  an  Anfwer  from  the  Honourable  Houjes  to  that 
1  Purpofe. 

By  Command  of  the  Commijjloners  for  the  Parlia* 
inent  of  Scotland. 

VOL,  XVI.  H  3V) 

(b)  In  our  Fifteenth  Volume,  p.  251* 



h  4  77v  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  ft  V 

>/.y  1  6,  1647. 

H  E  Houfes  of  Parliament  in  their  Letter 
of  the  2jth   of   'January  laft,  did   engage 
themfelvcs   to   the   Parliament   of   Scotland,    that 

*  the  Garrrfona  of  this  Kingdom  being  delivered 
Another  for  the  •'  Bp,  and  the  Scffh  Army  and  Forces  marched  out 
their1?""""  **    <ofthi3   Kingdom,  they  fhould  take  into  fpeedy 
raifed  to°fupprcfs  *  Confideration  the  Dcfire  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scot- 
thelri/h  Rebels.  '  Icmd^  concerning  a  Competency  of  Entertainment 

*  to  be.  given  by  this  Kingdom  for  Maintenance  of 
.  '  the  Forces  which   die  Eftates   of  'Scotland  have; 

4  been  for  a  long  Time,  and  are   flill,  neceflitated 

*  to  keep  up  forfubduing  the  Irijb  Rebels  whom, 

*  by  the  Large  Treaty,  the  Kingdom  of  England 

*  is  bound  to  fupprefs. 

*  It  hath  pfeafcci    God,  in  a  good   Mcafure,  of 

*  late  to  blefs  our  Forces  againft  thcfc  Rebels  and 

*  their   Adherents  ;  yet  the  Charge  and  Expence 

*  beftowed  therein  hath  been  very  great,  and  there 
1  is  a  Remainder  of  the  Enemy  in  the  Mountains 
4  and  Iflands  unfubdued.     There  are  now  almort 

*  fix  Months  elapfed  fmce  the  Scots  Army  did,  ac- 

*  according  to  the  Treaty  between  the  Kingdoms, 
1  deliver  up  the  Garrifons  poflefled  by  them,  and 

*  peaceably   and   quietly  march   out   of  the  King- 
v         *  dom.     X\"c  have  been  loath  all  this  Time  to  im- 

x  portune  the  Honourable  Houfes  in  this  Bufinefs, 
'  iliil  waiting  when  they  fhould  be  pleafcd  to  fpare 

*  fome  Time  from  their  other  Affairs  for   Confi- 

u'ion  of  this  Particular,  according  to  their  En- 
4  gagement  :  but  we  have  not  yet  received  any 
1  Arifwer  :  Left,  therefore,  the  Kingdom  of  Scot- 
4  land  fhould  be  difappointed  of  their  Expectation 

*  herein  through  our  Silence,  we  do  again,  in  their 

*  Name,  earnestly  defire  the   Honourable  Houfes 

*  to  take  into   their  Confederation  how,  by  they: 
e  Supply,  that  Kingdom  may  be  in  fome  Meafare 

*  relieved  of  the  great  Burden  they  ire  under,  and 

*  have  undergone,  for  fupprefftng  of  thofe  Rebels  ; 

*  and  how  the  Coming  over  of  more  Irijh  into  that 

*  Kingdom  may,  for  the  future,  be  prevented,  ac- 

'  cording 


*•  cording  to  the  Intent  of  the  Large  Treaty  j  where-  An.  23  Car.  tt 

*  in  we  are  the  more  felicitous,  in  that  we  are  ere-          I647« 

*  dibly  informed  Preparations  have  been  made  in  V        jul . 
'  Ireland  for  this  Purpofe  thcfe  divers  Months  part. 

By  Command  of  the  Commijjioncn  for  the  Parlia- 
ment of  Scotland. 


The  foregoing  Letter  and  Papers  were  ordered 
to  be  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

'July  19.  A  Letter  from  the  Commiflloners  with 
the  Army  was  read. 

For  the  Right  Hon.   the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

Reading  July  15,   1647, 

paji  Tivelve  at  Night. 
May  It  pleafe  your  Lordjhip^ 

*  T)Y  our  laft,   of  the  loth  of  this  Inftant,  we  A  Letter  from 
«  D  have  made  bold  to  acquaint  you,  that  wen 

*  have  daily  prefs'd  on  the  Proceeding  of  the  Trea*  the  Army? 

*  ty.     We  had  Word  fent  unto  us,  late  that  Even- 
<  ing,  that  we  fhould  receive  their  Anfwer  fomc 

*  Time  the  next  Day  ;  and  now,  late  this  Evening1, 

*  Commiflary-General    Ireton^    and    feveral    othef 

*  Officers  of  the  Army,  came  and  acquainted   us, 
«  That  the  General  and  the  Officers   took  Nonce 

*  of  a  Vote  paffed  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons  Yd- 

*  fterday,  concerning  the  putting  of  all  the  Land 

*  Forces,  now   in  the  Parliament's  Pay,  under  the 

*  immediate   Command   of   Sir    Thomas  Fairfax  ; 
'  which   is  looked  upon  by  them  as  an  Expreflion, 

*  of  great  Truft  which  that  Houfe  is  pleafed  to  re- 
'  pofe  in  the  Army,  and  they  hoped  it  would  lay  the 
4  Foundation   of  further  Confidencej  and  of  that 
'  which  will  tend  to  the  Security  and  Peace  of  the 

*  Kingdom  ;  and   that  for  the  prefent,  it  had  oc- 
'  cafioned  fome  Alteration  in  a  Paper  they  intend- 

*  e;l  for  us  this  Night :  And,  withal,  told  us,  That 

*  the  Propofals  which  they  were  preparing  for  the 
'  Settlement  of  the  Peace  o:  the  Kingdom,   had 

H  2  *  been 

1  1  6  The  Parliamentary  Hi  STORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  been  much  interrupted  by  their  long  fitting  in- 

'fl47-         <  the  Council  of  WJr  for  thefetwo  Days  lalt  paft, 

jul  c"  upon  the  Confideration  of  feveral  Things  thought 

c  ncccffury   for  prefent  'Security,  fome  Particulars 

«  whereof  were  not.  yet  cleared:  But  farther  ac- 

*  quainted  us,  That   moft   of  the   Heads   of  thbfe 
'  Propofals  were,  written,  but  neither   agreed    on 
fc  nor  applied  as  was  neceffary,  and  as  they  intended. 

*  They  read  thefe  Heads  unto  us,  to  let  us  fee  what 
4  Progrefs  they,  had  made,  and  that  their  Thoughts 
'  had  been  intent  upon  the  general  Peace  of  the 

*  Kingdom  ;  and  faid,  They  hoped,  within  five  or 
'  fix  Days,  to  have  them  in  Readinefs  to  be  deli- 

*  vered  unto  us.     In-  the  mean  Time  we  thought  i^ 

*  our  Duty  to  give  your  Lordfhip  this  Account,  and 
«  reft 

Tour  Lord/kip's   humble  Servants, 


The  fame  Day  the  Eleven  Members,  impeach- 
ed by  the  Army,  delivered  to  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
ipons  their  Anfwer  to  the  Charge  againft  them, 
which  was  read  the  firft  Time  in  their  Prefence  ; 
and  then,  they  having  of  themfelves  withdrawn, 
the  faid  Anfwer  was  read  a  fecond  Time.  It  is 
not  entered  in  the  'Journals,  nor  in  Mr.  Ritjhivortb^ 
or  the  other  Contemporaries  ;  however,  it  wasr 
printed,  (though  without  the  Name  of  a  Printer  of 
Publiiher)  and  we  give  it  from  the  original  Edi- 
tion, in  the  Collections  of  the  late  Thomas  Sdate? 

'A  full  VINDICATION  and  ANSWER  of  the  Eleven 
accufed  Members  to  a  late  printed  Pamphlet,  in- 
tiiuled,  A  particular  Charge  or  Impeachment,  in 
the  Name  of  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and  the  Army 
under  his  Command,  by  his  Appointment  and 
the  Council  of  War. 

The  Anfwer  of   ;    \  Lthough  we  be  not  ignorant  .of  the  Illega- 
theElsren  Mem-  c  jf\  \\\y  and  Infufficiency  of  that  which  is  print- 
'  cd  and  PuWiflieJ  for  our  Charge,.  feeming  unto  us, 


.*  for  the  greateft  Part  thereof,  rather  an  Arraignment  Ani  23  Car.  I. 
'  of  the  Proceedings  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  as        l647- 
.'  fuppofing  them  to  be  acted  and  carried  on  in  a  De- 

*  fign,  by  the  Intereft  and  Prevalehcy  of  the  Per- 

*  fons  charged  ;  and  that  all  the  Particulars  men- 
1  tioncd  in  this  Charge  fhould  be,  by  them,  com- 
'  mitted  and  done  in  Purfuance  of  that   Defign  ; 
'  a  Thing  fo  contrary  to  the  Nature,  and  deroga- 

*  tory  to  the  Honour  of  a  free  Parliament,  and  of 

*  a  dangerous  Confequence,  to  render  all  fufpecled 
'  and  invalid  which  this  Parliament  hath  done   or 
'  fhall  do :  And  that  this  Charge  is  .brought  in  the 
'  Name  of  an  Army,  and  fo  is  an  Accufation    en- 

*  forced    by    Power,    contrary   to    the    Statute   of 

*  31  Hen.  VI.  Cap.    \.  and  no  Accufcr   rppearrno; 
•'  liable  to   fatisfy  the  Parties  grieved  for  their  Da- 

*  mages   and    Expences,    if  the  Accufation   prove 

*  falie  and  untrue,  (as  this  moft  certainly  is)  againfr. 

*  the  Tenor  of  feveral  Statutes   made  in  that  Be- 
•*  half  (#)  :  Nor  is  it  unknown  that  many  indirect 

*  and  unjuftifiable  Ways  have  been  practiced  in  pro- 

*  viding  the  Materials  of  this  Charge,  by  tampering 

*  with  Perfons   to  become  our   Accufers  ;  fetting 
'  general  Inquifitions  upon  foms  of  us,  who  have 
'  faithfully  ferved  our  Country,  (moft  of  us  for  the 

*  Space  of  near  feven   Years  in   that  Hbufe,  ancl 
'  the  reft  of  us  the  Time  of  our  being  Members) 

*  to  the  wafting  of  our  Eftates,  Prejudice  of  our 
'  Healths,  and  many  Inconveniences  to  our  Per- 

*  fons  by  much  Travel  and  Labour  ;  without  thofe 
'  Advantages  by  way  of  Gift  or  otherwife,  which 
'  feme-  of  our  Accufers,  and  divers  others  have  had, 
-'  for    which  we    bear  them   no  Envy    at  all ;  yet 

*  Books  have  been  fearched,  Proceedings  at  Com- 
.'.  mittees  viewed, -the  King's  and  -Digby's  Cabinets 

'  and  private  Papers  (of  which  our  Accufers  had 
-'the  Maidenhead)  fearched  for  Intelligence,  yet 
•'  not  one  Syllable  found  againft  us  in  them;  Ser- 
-*  vants  and  Attendants  examined  to  rake  up  Ma- 

(«)  Edto.  1'.' Cap.  13.  z$  EJ'M.lll.  Cap.  4.  27  Edw.  III. 
Cap.  2.  38  Edia.  III.  Cap.  9.  17  Rid.  Pt.  Cap.  6.  15  Hen- 
ry VI.  Cap.  4.  '  Welts  its  the  Original. 

H  3  «  ter 

i  i  $  7&  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  '  tcr  againft  us  (an  abfolutc  $rcach  of  Privilege  of 
l6*7j        «  Parliament,  and  not  well  confifting  with  the  Li- 

*  berty  of  the  Subject  :)  All  this  notwithstanding, 

*  which  we  might  very  well  take  Exceptions  at, 
'  and  befides  that  we  now  lie  under  that  great  Dif- 
'  advantage  which  the  Philofopher  did,  who  difpu- 

*  ted  with  the  Emperor  who  commanded  thirty  Le- 

*  gions^  fo  that  all  his  Arguments  were  too  weak,  nor 

*  could  he  make  Ufe  of  that  Strength  of  Reafon  and 
'  Truth  which  his  Caufe  did  afford ;  yet  we,  prcfu- 

*  ming  upon  our  Innocency  and  the  Juftice  of  thofe 

*  who  mufi  judge   us,    bjJt  principally    upon    the 

*  Goodnefs  of  the  great  God,  who  is  the  Support 
4  and  Avenger  of  the  Opprefs'd,  and  hath  protect - 
'  ed,  for  feveral  Years,  fome  of  us,  when  we  have 
'  been  the  Object  of  Malice  and  Power,  and  Marks 
'  fet  up  to  be  (hot  at  for  Deftruclion  ;  to  which 

*  Purpofe  our  Actions,  Speeches,  and  our  privateft 

*  Conventions  have  been,  as   narrowly   as  could 

*  be,  obferved   and  inquired    into  ;  Prilbners,  dif- 

*  contented  Perfons,    Friends  and  Foes,  examined 

*  upon  us ;  all  Manner  of  Perfons  dealt  with,  that 
.'  cculd  be  imagined  willing  to  betray,  and  able  to 

*  fay  any  thing  againft  us,  yet  God  having  pre- 
'  ferved  us,  as  he   did  David  from  the  Bear  and 
'  Lion,  which  encouraged  him  likewife  to  promife 

*  himfelf  Deliverance  from  the  uncircumfcifed  /Y,v- 

*  llfnnc,  though  fo  much  more  mighty  than  he  ;  in 
.'  like  Manner  we  truft  for  his  Afliftance  and  Pro- 
'  teclion  at  this  Time,  and  (hall  apply  ourfelves   (o 

*  the  Particulars   infiftcd   upon,  and    not   formerly 

*  cleared    snd   difcharged    upon   a  ftridl  Examina- 

*  tion  and  Debate    in  Parliament  ;  and  (hall  give, 

*  we  doubt  not,  a  fatisfaclory  Account  of  our  In- 
,'  tegrity  and  Ini)occncy  in  them  all,  in  Order  as 

*  they  lye. 

*  The  firft  Article  of  the  Charge,  which  con-- 
4  cerns  Mr.   Holies  finely,  is  partly   of  PuJJagt*  fit 

*  Oxford  about  three  Years  fince.     'Wiih    thcie   l>e 

*  cannot  undertake  to  charge   his  Meir.ory  at   this 

*  Time,    to  give  particular  and   pofitive  Ar.fvvccs 
'  thereunto  i  but.  he  faith,  Thcic  is  no  new  IVhit- 

••  ter 

^ENGLAND.  119 

*  tcr  at  all  in  this  Charge,  and  that  the  whole  3u-  An.  73  Car, 

*  fincfs  received  a  full   and   perfect  Difquifition  in         '6*7- 

*  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  in  the  Month  of  "July,         July!"" 

*  j  645,  now  two  Years  paft  ;  when,  as  near  as 
'  he  could  rememher,  of  all  done  and  faid  by  him 

*  concerning   the   Particulars,  then   and  now  laid 

*  to   his    Charge,  he  gave  an   Account,   together 
.  *  with  another  Gentleman,  a  very  worthy  Mem- 
'  her  of  the  Houfe,  and   his  Fellow-Commiffioner 
'  at  Oxford  (r),  who  was  then  accufed  by  the  Lord 

*  Saville^  to  have  joined  with  Mr.  Holies  in  all  the 

*  Parts  of  this  Charge  ;  and  the  Houfe  was  fo  fully 

*  fatished  of  their  good  Intentions  in  their  Tranf- 

*  action  of  that  Bufmefs,  that,  after  a  very   long 

*  Debate  of  feveral   Days,  they  ordered   it,  upon 
-*  the  Queftion,  the  igth  Day'  of  that  July,  cfhm 
'  the  Matter  of  the  Report  (which  was  this  whole 
4  Bufinefs  now  endeavoured  to  be  revived  in  this 

*  Charge)  '•  jhoM  'be  totally  and  finally  {aid  afide. 

4  As  for  the   particular  Anfwers  which   he  gave 

*  in    the  Vindication    of  his   Innocency,  afieriing 

*  the  Truth,  and  dilcoverina;  the  Malice  and  Faife- 
1  hood  of  his   then  Accufer,  the  Lord   ^aviile^  he 

*  refers  himfelf  to  the  publick  Examinations,  Pro- 
.'  ceedings,  and  Refolutions  in  the  Houfe,  and  what 
'  was  then  and  there  delivered,  both    by  him  and 

*  the  other  Gentleman  together  with   him  at  that 

*  Time   mod   falfly  accufed  by  the   Lord  Sew: lie  ; 
'  who  hath  fmce  fo  far  bethpught  himfelf,  and  te.- 

*  ftified  a  Remorfe  for  the  Injury  he  thc-n  did  unto 

*  thefe  two  Gentlemen,  that  it  is   not  very  long 

*  fince  he  fent  a  Perfon  of  Honour,  a  Peer  of  the 

*  Realm,  unto  Mr.  Holies^  alluring  him,  That  -wb&t 
4  his  Cowpo/iif'on  -wqs  snce  made   and  perfefted^  (for 

*  this  was   at  the  Tin^e  that  the  Lord  Saviile  was 

*  upon  compounding  for  his  Delinquency)  he  w cuid 
'  then  difco-iter  unto  him,  meaning  Mr,   Holies^  how 

*  that  whole  Bu/jiiffs   was  laid  again/i  him,  and  ivho 
«  they  were  that  laid  it;  which  when   he    kncw^  he 

(f)  Mr.  Wbitloclc,  in  whofe  !tfemeria!<,  p.  148,  ft  ultra  ;  as  alfo 
in  LorJ  Holt's'!  Memoirs,  p.  jg,  the  Reader  will  find  an  ample 
Account  of  this  Bufinei's, 

H  4  «  would 

120  ^be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

iifta.  13  Car.  I.  c  wciild  fee  be  bad  no  C0ufe  to  be  fo  angry  with  him  ; 

AJ^47'          '  and  therefore  defer ed  him  not  to  be  againft  him   hi 

July"""      *  fating  the  Fine  for  his  CsMpofition  :  Adding  withal,, 

'  He   di,rjl  not  ''difctiier   it   till  he   was   out   of  their 

'  Danger,  meaning  thofe  who  had  laid  that  Dcfign. 

'  againft  Mr,  Holies  \for  if  they  had  the  leajl  Incklin~g 

*  of  it,  they  would  ctrtair.iy  ruin  him.  This  was  thfe 
c  Sutftancf,  rnd,  as  near   as  can  be  remembered, 

*  the  very  Words  which  were  delivered  unto  Mr. 

*  Hcles  by  that  Lord;  in   the  Name  of  the  Lord 
'  Saville,  and   from   him.     But  Mr.  Holies  was  fo 

*  far  from   being  vindictive  againft  thofe  who  had 

*  exprefied  fo  much  Malice  againft  him,  and  en- 
'  deavoured  his  Ruin,  as  he  wholly  put  it  out  of 

*  his  Thoughts,  never  fo  much  as  fending  to  the 

*  Lord  Say  Hie  after  his  Compofition   was  paft  ;  ifi 
6  the    making  whereof  he    did  him  no    Differvicfe 

*  at  all,  as  in  Truth  fcorning  it. 

'  Another  Claufe  in  the  firft  Article  is  concerrf- 
6  ing  a  Letter  fent  from   the  Earl  of  Lindfey    unto 

*  Mr.  Holies,  containing,  as  is  laid  in  the  Charge, 

*  foriic  fecr-et  Dejign.     This  was  likewise  examined 

*  in    the   HoulU,  and  by  Mr.    Holies   himfelf   firft 

*  ci'covered   unto  *he    Houfe,    contrary  to   what 
4  is  in  the  printed  Paper  moft  falfly  fuggefted,  and 

*  this  done  by  liim   as  foon   as  it  came  into   his 

*  Mind  ;  for  when  he  received  it,  which  was  very 
4  late  one  Evening  by  a  Servant'  of  Lord   SaviHis^ 
6  he  irnmediate'y   after  fell  nek,  which  made   him 

-'  clean  forget  it ;  nor  doth  he  know  what  became 

*  of  the  Piper,  whether  or  no  he  burnt  it :  The 
'  Con  rents  of  it  were  only  one   Line,  a  Recom- 

*  mendauon  nf  the- Bearer  from  the  Lord  Savitte, 

*  the  very  Words  whereof  were  then  frefti  in  his 
'Memory,  and   by  him   repeated   in   the  Houfe  j 

*  when  fuch   Satisfaciion   was  ci\en,  as  that  therfe 

*  There  ir.  pn.ptbcr  Part  of  this  firft  Article,  of 
<•  tve  Earl  of ,  Li  nicy's  mcvl;::;  for- a  P.afs  fa  ftlr. 
'  Holies  to  go  to  Oxford  ;  ar.d-  th-e  Kifrg's  feyi-nc, 

•       cf    E.N.G.L  AND.  ,21 

*  He  did  him  letter  Service  in  ibe  P aril rfm.vtt  than  An.  23  Car.  I, 

*  be  could-  do  there ;  which   was    likewife,  by    the         l6"-> 
'Lord    SaviUe,  informed '.to   the    Con:<::itt.:c    ap-  '*~~Tuj~~~ 
•' pointed  for    the  Examination   of  that   Bufmefs, 

f  and  fo  reported  to  the  Houie ;  at  which  Time  Mr. 
'  Holies  hid,  aud  ftill  doth,  That  he  knew  nothing 
'  of  it,  and  was,  and  is,  moft  confident  that  it  is 

*  moft  falfe  ;  for  that  he  'never  fignified  any  fuch 
•'  Defwe  to, the  Earl  of  Liridfey,  or  to  any  body 
'  elfe,  nor  ever  had  it  in  his  Thoughts. 

*  To  the  fecond  Article^*  which  charges  Mr. 
.'  HoUes  and  Sir  Philip  Siapykon,  jointly,  wkh  fend- 
•'  ing  feveral  Mejfages  to  the  Earl  of  Dorfet,  and  Lord 
•*  Digby  ;  and  Sir  Philip'  Stapylton,  fmgly,  to  have 
'*  fent  one  to  the  Earl  of  Dorfet ;  and  then  both  Mr. 
*•  Holies  and  Sir  Philip  Stapylton  to  have  joined  in 
•'  drawing  Proportions,  and  fending  them  privately  to 
'  his  Majefly  ;  they  both  df  them  fay,  for  what  eon- 
'  corns  both,  and  Sir  Philip  Stapylton-,  for  what 
f  concerns  himfelf,  (this  being  the  only  Thing  in 

*  ail  the  Charge  that  is  fmgly  objected  againft  him) 
?  That  the  whole  Article' is  falfe  and  untrue  in  aH 
'  and  every  Part  of  it. 

'  The  third  Article  lays  a  Charge  on  the  eleven 
»*  Members  jointly,  for  meeting  together  at  Lady 
•*  Carlifle's  Lodgings  in  -Whitehall,  and  other  Places^ 
•*  ivith  other  difaffcttkd  Perfons  ;  for  holdhig  Cor- 

*  refpondency  with  the  .Queen?  to  put  Conditio-ns  upon 

*  the   Parliament,    to   bring   in  the  King   upon  their 
<  own  Terms  ;    and  do  fuch   other  Things,    in    Pra.- 

*  fecuticn  of  their  evil  Defig.ns,  as   are  in  that  Ar- 
'  tide    mentioned.       To    all  and    every    Branch 

•'  whereof  they  do  all  jointly,  and  each  of  them 
'  feveraily,  give  a  full,  pofitive,  and  abfolute  De- 
>  nial  ;  "and  afErrn,That  the  whole;  Charge  in  that 

*  Article   is    fcandalous  and  falfe    in   Matter  and 
•'  Form.      Moft  of  them  declare,  Thr^t  \vi'hi;i  the 

*  Time  there  limited  for  thoie.Miaftiijgs.'  to  havp 
'  been,  and  at  no  Tinre  before  or  fince,  they  have 

*  at  all  been  at  her  Ladyiliip's  Lodgings  ;  only  Mr. 
f  Hollas,    S-ir  Ifc'iliiatn-  L^-v;;,  aiid   bir-  Phtlii).  St&- 


122  The  Parliamentary  Hi  s  T jo  R  y 

An.  43  Car.  I-  '  pylton  do   acknowledge  that,  by  her  Ladyfhip's 
Favour,    they   have   many  Times    waited    upon 
at  *ier  own  Lodgings  in  Whitehall^  and 

*  elfewhere,  yet  never  to  any  fuch  Intent  and  Pur- 

*  pofe,  as  is  in  the  Article  moft  falfly  fuggefted  ; 
'  but  only  to  pay   unto  her  Ladyfhip  that  Refpc& 

*  which  is  due  unto  her  (aPerfonof  fo  great  Ho- 
'  nour  and  Defert)  from  them,  and  in  Truth  from 

*  all  others  who  are  Well-wifhers  to  the  Welfare 

*  of  this  Kingdom. 

*  And  whereas  it  is  faid,  That  they  had  a  great 
'  Power  upon  the  Treafure  of  this  Kingdom^  and 
'  thereby  maintained  the  Queen's  Party  ;  ajjiired  her 

*  a  Penfion^  and  undertook  to  do  more  fir   the  King 

*  than  the  Army  would  do,  who,  it   ftems  are  now 

*  ambitious  in  out-ftripping  all  others  in  acting  for 

*  his  Majcfty :  It  is  very  well   known  that  thefe 

*  Perfons  have  not  at  all  meddled  in  Money  Bufi- 
'  nefles  j  have  had  leaft  to  do  with  difpofing  of  the 
'  Public  Treafure,  and  therefore  could  not  pleafure 

*  others  with  it ;  and  leaft  of  all  have  they  received 

*  any  Part  of  it  for  their  private  Ufes,    fome  of 
4  them  having  declared  themfelves   in   the  Houfe, 

*  when  the  Houfe  was  pleafed  to  vote  them  con- 

*  fiderable  Sums  in  Recompence  for  their  very  great 

*  Sufferings  for  the  Common-wealth,  That  they 
'  would  receive  nothing  till  the  Public  Debts  were 
'  paid  ;  and  none  of  them  are  the  Men  that  have 

*  grown  great  in  thefe  calamitous  Times,  and  been 

*  enriched  upon  the  Ruin  of  others,  nor  preferred 

*  themfelves  and  their  Friends  to  higher  Fortunes 
'  than  otherwife  they  could  ever  have  afpired  unto  ; 
'  therefore,  there  is  neither  Truth,   nor  Semblance 
«  of  Truth,  that  they  fhould  be  guilty  of  engaging 
'  the  Public  Treafure  and  Stock,  as   the  Article 
4  charges  ;  nor  would  any  have  believed  them  if 
'  they  had  been   fo  falfe  and   foolifh   as   to  have 

*  offered  it.     In  Conclufion   they  fay,  The  whole 

*  Charge  in  this  Article  is  utterly  falfe. 

*  The  fourth  Article,  which  chargeth  Mr.  Hol- 

*  bs,  Sir   Philip  Stajyiton,  Sir  William  Lewis,    Sir 

*  John 

*     of    ENGLAND.  123 

*  John  Clotworthy,  Sir  William   Waller,  and    Ma-  An.  23  car.  I. 

*  jor-  General  Majfey,  to   have,  within  the  Space  of        '  +1' 
«  three  Months  lajl  paft,  invited  the  Scots,  and  other 

'  foreign   Forces  to  enter  this  Kingdom,  is  by -them 

*  averred  to  be  utterly  falfe  ;  as  likewife  that  Part 

*  of  it  which  charges  Mr.  Holies  to  havcfent  unto  the 
4  £>ueen,  to  advife  her  to  fend  the  Prince  into  Scot- 

*  land,  to  come  into  this  Kingdom  at  the  Head  of  an 

*  Army,  is  by  him  declared  to  be  rnoft  untrue,  and 

*  a  mcer  Invention  of  Malice  againft  him.     And, 
'  in  the  laft  Place,  where  it  chargeth  the  eleven 

*  Members   to   have    lifted,  or   caufed  to   be   lifted, 

*  divers    Commanders  and  Soldiers,    -without  Autho- 

*  rity  of  Parliament,  and  to  have  encouraged  Refor- 
.'  mado   Officers  and  Soldiers  to   gather   together  tu- 

*  mutuoujly  at  Wcftminfter,  to  affright  and  affault 

*  the  Members  of  Parliament,  there  is  nothing  of 

*  Truth  in   it,  and  reflects  more  upon  their  Ac- 

*  cufers  than  on  them. 

'  To  the  fifth  Article,  which  charges  Mr.  Holies, 
'  Sir  Philip  Stapyhon,  and  Mr.  Glynne^  to  have  been 
'  O&flrufttrs  of  Petitions  to  the  Parliament  for  Re- 

*  drefs   of  public  Grievances,  they  fay,  That  what 

*  hath  been    done   by  them,  or  any  of  them,  in 

*  Matters  of  Petitions,  was  done  in  the  Houfe  of 
•*  Commons,  and   only  there  ;  where   they  have, 

*  upon  Occafion,   delivered  their  Opinions   con- 

*  cerning  fome  feditious  Petitions,  which  they  fup- 
'*  pofe  to  be  the  Petitions  intended  by  the  Article. 

*  And  for  what  is  faid  of  Mr.  Holies  and  Sir 
>  Philip  Stnpylton's'  affronting  fome  Petitioners  at" 

*  tending  a  Committee,  as  Major  Tuleday,  and  com- 
'  milling    Nicholas   Tew,  iviihout  Authority,    they 

*  do    fay,    That  Tuleday    and   Tew    affronted   the 

*  Committee  ;    that  Tew  endeavoured   to    raife  a 
'  Tumult  in  the  Court  of  Reqtiejfs,  to  the  Diftur- 
'  barice   and   Danger  of  the   Committee ;    where- 

*  upon  the  Committee  thought  fit   to  reflrain   him 
1  until  the   next  Morning,  when  they  would  ac- 

*  quaint  the  Houfe  with  it  :  That  all,  both  con- 

*  cerning  him  and  Tuleday,  was  reported   unto  the 
f  Houfe.  and  both   of  them  wefe,  by  the  Houfe, 

*  com- 

1 24  The  Parllamehtary  H  r  s  ±  o  R  Y 

An.  23  Car.  I.  £  committed    upon  juft   Reafons,    and  afterwards 

l647-        '  both  of  them  difcharged  or  bailed;  the  oUe  upon 

c  the  Motion  of  Mr.  Holies,  and  the  other  of  Sir 

*  Philip  Stapylton. 

4  And  whereas  r  is  faid,  That-  they  were  not 
4  permitted  to  fpeak  for  th&nfelves ;  it  is  notoriously 
4  untrue,  for  Tulcday  was  heard  at  the  Bar  of  the 
. '  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  Tew  was  heard  at  the 

*  Committee  as  long  as  he  would  fpeak,  until   he 

*  refufed   to  anfwer  any:  more  Queftions,  faying, 
'  He  was  not  bound  to  accufe  him/elf. 

'  In  the  laft  Plac%  where  Mr.  Glynne  is  charged 

*  to  'have  commuted  Tew  to  Newgate,  for  no  other 
'  Caufe  but  for  having  a  Petition  about  him^  which 

. '  was  to  be  prefented  to  the  Hw.fe,  Mr.  Glynne  doth 
4  anfwer,  That  being  Recorder  of  London^  and  in 

*  the  Commifiion  of  the  Peace,  he  knows  it  not  to 
4  be  a  Crime  to  fend  fuch  Perfons  to  the  Goal,  as  be 
'  brought  before  him  for  Mifdemeanors,  and  may 

*  have    committed  Tew-,    as  he   hath   done  many 
'  others  j  but  he  doth  believe  it  to  be  a  Miftake 
c  in  the  Accufers,  not  remembring  any  fuch  Thing, 
4  and  doth  boldly  affirm,  That  if   he  did   corn- 
'  mit  him  it  was  not  for  the  Caufe  laid  down  in  the 
4  Article,  but  upon  juft  Grounds  of  Law. 

*  To  the  fixth  Article,  touching  the  Imprifan- 
4  ment  of  Enfign  Nichols  by  Sir  William  Waller, 

.'  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  and  Major-General  Maf- 
e  fey,  they  anfwer,  That  they,  being,  by  Inftruc- 

•  4  tions  of  the  9th  of  April^  164.7,  from  the  Com- 
4  mittee  at  Derby-Houfey  for  the  Affairs  of  Ireland^ 

/authorized  to  draw  off  from  the  reft  of  the  Ar- 
4  my  fuch  as  fhould  accept  of  the  Service  of  Ire- 
4  land)  and  quarter  them  in  fuch  Places  as  they 
4  {hould  think  fit,  upon  the  Engagement  of  divers 
4  Officers. of  Col.  Lilburnss  Regiment  to  go  for 
4  Ireland,  they  gave  Orders  to  Lieutenant-Colonel 
4  Kempfon  to  march  with  fuch  Soldiers  of  that  Re- 
4  giment  as  {hould  engage  for  Ireland^  to  Eveflxwi'\ 
4  and  the  Soldiers  fo  engaging  feparated  from  the 
4  Army  ;  and,  on  their  March  towards  Evtfor*, 
4  they,  on  the  24th  of  April  1647,  at  Sa/ron- 

*  Walden> 

rf   ENGLAND. 

*  ffiblden,  after  the  General's  Departure  towards  An-  s^  Car.  I, 

*  London,  having  received  feveral  Informations  that     t   '••     J , 

*  Enfign  Nichols  (Enfign  to  Captain  Dormer,  one          7X 
'  of  the   Captains  of  the  faid  Regiment)  repaired 

*  into  the  Quarters  of  thofe  Forces  drawn  off  from, 
'the  Army,  in  order  to  the  Service  of  Ireland, 
'  there  difluading  the  Soldiers  to  go  for  Ireland; 

*  encouraging  them   mutinoufly  to  demand   their. 
4  Pay  of  the  faid  Captain   Dormer,  and   then,  by 

*  Falfhoods  and    cunning  Practices,  endeavouring 
'  to  entice  them  back  to  the  Army  ;  undervaluing 

*  thofe  that  went  for  Ireland,  and  incenfing  them 
'  againft  the  Propofhions  of  Parliament  for  that 

*  Service;  and   alfo  reading   to  the  faid    Soldiers 

*  the  Petition  of  the  Army,  after  the   fame  was 

*  then  lately  prohibited  by  both  Houfes  of  Parlia-» 

*  ment;  and   being  certified  that,  for  th&fe  Mif- 
'  carriages,  the  faid  Capt.  Dormer  had  fecured  his 
'  Perfon  till  further  Order,  the  Lords  and  Com- 

*  mons,  who  were  Commiffioners,  did  thereupon, 
'  on    the    faid  24th  of  'April,  give  Directions   to 
'  Lieutenant-Colonel .  Kempfon  to  take  Order  tha^ 

*  the  faid  Enfign   Nichols   fhould  be    fent   up    to 
'  London,  with  the  firft  Opportunity,  to  be  dif- 

*  pofed  of  by  the  Committee  of  Lords   and  Corrr- 
'  mons  for  the  Affairs   of  Ireland  at  Derby-Houfe^ 

*  which  was  accordingly  done ;  and,  upon  the  Re. 

*  port  of  the  Bufinefs,  the  faid  Enfign  was  commit- 

*  ted  by  Order  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  the 

*  Perfons  that  brought  him  rewarded  for  their  Ser- 
'  vice  therein  :  In  all  which  Proceedings  they  know 

*  of  nothing  done,  but  what  their  Duty  and  Inftruc- 

*  tions,  in  relation  to  the  Service  of  Ireland,  re- 

*  quired  at  their  Hands,  being  contrary  neither  to 

*  the  Laws  of  the  Land  nor  Articles  of  War  j  but 
'  conceive,  upon  thefe  Informations,  (ready  to  bq 
'  produced  and  teftified  upon  Oath)  that  the  faid 

*  Enfign,  according  to  the  Martial  Law,  for  his 
'  faid  Offences,  deferved  Death  for  endeavouring 
'  a  Mutiny  as   abovefaid  :  And  therefore  there  is 
f  JK>  Caufe  for  the  Army  to  comp]ain3  in  that  the 

4  Hou& 

*  a6  The , ParKajftcntary  H  i  s  T  o  R  y 

An.  25  Car.  I.   <  Houfe  was  fo  merciful  to  him  as  to  remit  that* 

,       lt"47-     ^    4  Punifhment. 

c  Whereas  it  is  charged,  ?£<rt  flk  Psr&f/  c/ 
c  Enjign  Nichols  were  ft  arched,  and  divers  Paper! 
1  taken  from  him  ;  and  that  he  was  fent  a  Prifonir 
f  to  London  from  the  Head-Quarters,  without  the 
'  Authority  or  Privity  of  the  General,  they  fay, 

*  That  no  Order  was  given  by  them  for  fearching 

*  his  Pockets;  or  taking  av.-ay  his  Papers  ;  and  be- 
'  licve  no  fuch  Thing  was  done  :  That  he  was- 
"  fecured  by  Captain  Dormer,  being  found  in   the 

*  Quarters  of  thofe  Forces  that  were  drawn  off  for 
'  Ireland,  actually  endeavouring  to  put  the  Soldier? 

*  into  a  Diftcmper,  and  fo  to  withdraw  them  from 

*  that  Service  j  and  was  fent  from  thofe  Quarters 

*  (not  the  Head-Quarters,  as  is  falfly  fuggefted)  to 

*  London.     And  for  the  Privity  or  Authority  of  the 

*  General,  if  he  had  been  then  prefent,  they  con- 

*  ceivc  their  Authority  from  the  Parliament,    on 

*  that  Behalf,  was  fufficient  without  the  General's  ; 

*  and,  as  the  Cafe  ftood,  they  thought  it  not  rea- 

*  fonable    to  confult  the  Army  in  the  Matter  of 

*  difturbing  the  Irijh  Service,  when  they  had  there 

*  found  fo  little  Encouragement  before. 

.  «  To  the  feventh   Sir  William  Waller,  Sir  John 

*  Clrtivorthy,  and   Colonel   Harley,  fay,  They  are 
'  very  fenfible  the  Particulars  charged    in  the  fe- 

*  venth  Article  do  fpecially   relate  to  Things  faid 

*  or  done  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons ;  and   fo  not 

*  liable  to  any  Cenfure,  having  pa/Ted  the  Appro- 
'  bation  of  that  Houfe,  which   hath   already    ao 
«  quitted  them,  by  their  Votes  of  the  25th  ofjune^ 
4  from  all  Things   done  and  fpoken  by  them  in 

*  the  Houfe,  contained  in  this  and  the  three  en- 

*  fuing  Articles;  and  fo  ought  not  to  have  been 

*  recited   in  this  Charge ;  yet,  to  vindicate  them- 

*  felves  from  the  Scandal  of  Defign  and  Combina- 
'  tion  againft  the  Army,  they  fhall  give  this  true 

*  Account  of  what  induced  them  to  endeavour  the 

*  fupprcfling  of  that  Petition  : 

*  Sir  William  Waller  and  Sir  John  Cktiyortly^ 
'  being  Commlflioners  of  Parliament  v.  iih  the 

«  Army 

-     tfE  N  G  L  A  N  D.  127 

'  Army  for  the  Service  of  Ireland,  and  Col.  Harley  An:*3  Car.  I. 

*  being  there  to  attend  the  fame  Service,  March  22,  ^ 
1646,  at  a  Convention  of  Officers  for  the  Ser-         juu. 

*  vice  of  Ireland  at  Walden,  the  Petition  was   pro- 

*  duced,  as  the  Petition  of  the  Soldiers,  to  be  ap- 
proved by  the  Officers  there:    and  was  prefied 
with  fuch  Eagernefs,  that  an  Officer  of  Quality 

'  offering  fome  Reafons  againft  it,  was  told,  He 

*  deferved  not  to  live  in  an  Army  j  they  taking 

*  Notice  of   the  fubtle  and  violent  managing  of 

*  that  Petition,  pretended  to  be  the  Petition  of  the 

*  Soldiers,  but  in  Truth  framed  then,  as  they  can 

*  prove,  by   fome  Officers  at  IValden,  at  a  Time 

*  when  the  Parliament  only  propofed   the  Service 

*  of  Ireland,  and  the  Soldiery  had   neither  Difpo- 

*  fition  nor  Caufe  to    petition  ;  the  Army  being 
'  well  paid  for  feveral  Months  then  pad,  especially 
'  the  Foot,  confiding  much  of  Recruits,  had  little 
'  Caufe  to  complain  for  Pay  ;  thereupon  they  re- 

*  prefented    this    Information   to   the  General,   as 

*  that  which  required  his  Care  to  fupprefs  timely. 

*  But  after  they  returned  to  London,  they  received 

*  feveral   Informations,  of  which  they  have  good 

*  Proof,  that  the  Petition  was  agitated  in  feveral 

*  Regiments,  and  propofed  by  the  Officers  to  their 

*  Soldiers  :    That    fome  Officers  threatened    that 

*  thofe  who  did   refufe  to  fubfcribe  it  fhould   be 

*  camiered  ;  and  Directions  were  given  to  return 

*  the  Subfcriptions  to  fome  principal  Officers  at  the 

*  Head-Quarters.     What  palled  in  the  Houfe  of 

*  Commons,  they  prefume  not  to   relate  without 
'  the  Leave  of  the  Houfe  ;  but  by  thefe  Particu- 

*  lars,  which  are  ready  to  be  attefted  by  Perfons  of 

*  Worth,  the  Defign  of  raifing  Jealoufies  between 

*  the  Parliament  and   Army,  will  really  be  fixed 

*  upon  thofe  who  have  falfly  impofed  it  on  the  ac* 

*  cufed  Members,  to  carry  on  their  own  Defigns, 
c  which  are  fince  more  vinble. 

'  To  the  eighth  Article,  whereas  Colonel  Harlcy 

*  is  charged,  That,   by   Combination,  he  proittccd  to 
'  this   Hovfe    a  Letter,    which   could   not    be    made 

i    he    affirms,    He  did    acquaint  the    Houf« 

*  with 

128  'The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  Q  R  Y 

°"  *<L~!r'  I-C  with  a.  Letter  received  as  he  was  coming  to  At* 

. /"    .   '  Houfe,  and  Tent  to  him  from  an  Officer  of  Worth 

jpiy.  '  in  the  Army,  who  was  nnu  is  ready  to  juftify  the 
'  SuHrapce  of  the  Letter  to  be  moft  true,  That 
'  Lieutenant-Colonel  Pride  (d}  drew  Col.  Harley's 
'  K">iment  to  a  Rendezvous,  read  the  Petition  in 
'  thfi  rjiiiu  of  his  Company,  and  that  the.  Pefijion 
'  was  then  fubfcribed  by  moft  of  the  Regiment ; 
c  and  that  Lieutenant-Colonel  Pride  &id^  Such  as 
«  would  not  fubfcrjbe  the  Petition  Jhouldb;  easier* d  (.*).• 
'  That  in  this  Cvlonel  Hurley  did  nothing  but  his 
Duty,  and  what  the  Houfe  of  Commons  approved 
'  by  their  public  Thanks  to  him  and  another  wor- 

*  thy  Member,  an  Officer  in  the  Army,  who  pre- 
c  duced  ^another  Letter  concerning  the  fame  Bufi- 

*  nefs. 

'  For  that  which  is  laid  to  Mr.  Holies' 's  Charge 

*  in  this  Article,  concerning  the  drawing  of  that 

*  Declaration,  he.  anfwers,  That  it  was  done  in  the 
<  Houfe;  and  the  Houfe  did   allow  of,  pafs  it,  and 

*  afterwards  fent  it  up  to  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  where 

*  it  was  likewife  paft  ;  and  that  any  fhould  queftion 

*  it,  being  become  and  made  the  Act  of  both  Houfes, 
c  and  fo  a  Charge  rather  againft   them  than  him- 

*  felf,  feems   ftrange   unto  him,  whofe  Part  in  it 
'  was  only  to  draw  up  that  Declaration  according 

*  to  the  Senfc  of  the  Haufe,  in  Obedience  to  a  ge* 
c  neral  Call  upon  him   for  it,    being  exceedingly 
'  preiTed  and  urged  to  do  it,  when  himfelf  was  very 
'  unwilling  to  take  that  Taflc  upon  him. 

4  To  the  ninth  Article,  wherein  it  is'faid,  Ttwt 
<•  Col.  Harley,  Sir  John  Clotworthy,  Sir  William 
4  Waller,  and  the  faid.  other  Perfens  did  procure 
'  divers  eminent  and  faithful  Officers  of  the  Army, 
'  viz.  Lieutenant-General  Hammond,  Celofid  Lil- 

*  burne,  Lientenant-Cohnel  Piide,  and  others,  to  It 

*  fent  for  to  appear  at  the  Ear  of  the  Houfe,  againft 
4  whom   they   could  charge  nothing  at  all ;  infomuck 

(d)  Afterwards  made  a  Colonel. 

(<0  This  is  Liberty  of  Conference  fo  much  profeffed  asd  c$n- 
teftcd  for  by  the  Army.  ffotes  in.the  Original. 

The  CQnduift  of  Col.  Pride,  in  regard  to  this  Petition^  is  particu- 
larly explained  in  our  Fifteenth  V«lame,  p,  357, 

«  thai 


ENGLAND.  129 

'  that  the  Houfe  thought  fit  immediately  to  difchargs  An.  23  Car.  Ii 
1  them,  it  is  anfwered,  That  the  faid  Colonei  tier-     ^  l6^  7>  ^ 

*  ley,  Sir  John  Clotvjorthy,  and  Sir  William  Watic^  \  7J[ 

*  having  been  infoimed  that  thofc  who  ftile  them- 
'  felves  fuch   eminent  arid  faithful   Herfons,    of  the 

*  Army,  with   fome  others,   being;   very  a&ive  in 

*  promoting  the  Petition    mentioned  in  the  former 

*  Articles,  did,  in  Difeharge  of  their  Duty,  faith- 
1  fully  reprefent  to  the  Houfe  what  they  had  heard  ; 

*  and  whilft  the  Houfe  in  Gonfiderauon  there- 

*  ofj   divers  Letters  w.  re  brought  to  feveral  Mem- 

*  bers  of  the  Houfe,  from  feveral  Parts  of  the  King1- 

*  dom^   declaring    the  Apprehenfion    which    many 

*  faithful   Officers   of  the  Army   had   taken    up,   if 
'  fuch  a  Petition  (hould  be  permitted  to  go  on  ;  as, 

*  particularly,  a  Letter  of  the  28th  of  March  laft, 

*  directed  to   CoL  Rojfiter,  an  eminent  Member  of 

*  the  Army,    wherein  it  is  defired,  by  fuch  as  pro*- 

*  moteu  this  Petition,   that  the  Names  of  fuch  Of- 

*  fleers  and  Soldiers  as  fubfcribed  the  Petition  (hould 

*  be  fent  to  Colonel  Hammond,  Lieutenan-General 

*  Hammond,   Commiffary-General   Iretyn,   Colonel 

*  Lilburne,  Lieutenant-Colonel  Grimes,  or  any  threte 

*  of  them.     On   the   Confideration   of  what  wzs 

*  mentioned   in  this   and  other  Letters,  in   Confir- 

*  mation  of  what  was   formerly  prefented   by  the 

*  Gentlemen  articled  againft,   the  Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons  did  fend  for  feveral  of  the  Perfons  beforemeri- 

*  tioned  j  and,  as  is  conceived,  had  very  goodRea- 
'  fon  fo  to  do. 

'  And  whereas  it  is  faid,    TfJat  a  Committee  whs 

*  appointed  to  examine  the  'Truth  or   Falfhcod  of  tbsnt  : 

*  If  by  the  Truth   or  Falfhood  of  them  is   meant, 

*  the  Truth  or  Falfhood  of  the  Perfons  filled  d;vers 

*  eminent  and  faithful  Officers  of  the  Army,  then 
'  how  could  they  be  faid  to  be  immedia  el\'  difcharg- 

*  ed  as  fuch,  againft  whom  nothing  could  be  charged 

*  or  proved  at  all  ? 

*  The  Gentlemen  article.-]  againil:  do  further 
e  fay,  That  it  is  a  very  ill  Ufe  that  is  made  of  the 
'  Parliament's  Indulgence,  not  to  proceed  wirh 
c  fuch  Severity  a?ainit  thofe  Perfon,  convented  be- 
VOL.  XVI,  '  I  '  fore 

130  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a-;  C .-.  !.  c  fbrc  them,  as  aforefaid,  as  to  affirm,  That,  there- 

lf4'-        '  fore,  nothing  can  be  faid  againft  them  :  The  like 

'•!  Ufe  was  foimerly  made  of  the  Parliament's  fo 

c  i..r  condefcending  to  the  defires  of  another  Paper, 

4  f;;i-j  to  come  from  the  Army,  concerning  the  Ob- 

*  1  kerning  of  the  Declaration  relating  to  the  Peti- 

*  tion  .  both  which  Expreflions  might  well,  in  Mo- 
'  deity  and  Duty,  have  been  fpared. 

*  And  whereas  this  Article  is  fluffed  with  great 

*  fwelling  Words   of  Vanity,  as  though  the  Gen- 
'  tlemen  charged  by  this   Article  were  prefled   to 
'  produce  their  Proofs  and   Evidence,  if  they  had 
'  any,  before  the  Committee  ;  it  is  anfwered,  That 
4  the  Perfons  brought  up  to  the  Bar  were,  by  their 
'  own  Confcffion  in  this  Article,  immediately  dif- 
4  charged.     What  Need  then  was  there,  or  to  what 
4  Puipofe  was  it,  to  bring  any  fuch  Proofs  againft 
-4  them,  whenas   the  Clemency  of  the  Houfe  dif- 
4  charged  them  ? 

4  In  a  Word  :  It  is  moft  demonstrable  it  was  the 
4  Parliament's  Indulgence,  not  the  Innocency  of 
'  feveral,  if  not  all,  of  thofe  who  were  queftioned, 

*  which  brought  them  off  from   Punifhment ;  and 

*  it  were  to  be  wifhed,  in  regard  of  thefe  and  their 

*  fubfequent  Proceedings,   that   fome  Proportion  of 
4  Meeknefs    and    Ingenuity    towards    the   Houfes, 
4  did  accompany  fo  much  profefied   Integrity,    as 
4  is  vaunted  of  by  the  Framers  of  this  Article  and 
4  Pamphlet. 

4  To  the  tenth  Article,  which  charges  Mr.  Hol- 
4  les.  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  Sir  William  Lewis,  Sir 

*  William  Waller,  Sir  "John  Clotutortby^   and  Major- 

*  General  Maffey^  to  have  been  Inflrumcnts  in  objlnu- 

*  ting  the  Relief  of  Ireland  ;    and  then  relates  fome 
'  Paffages   of  theirs   in  the  Houfe,    (which  could 

*  not    be    difcovered    to   the    Army  by    any    but 

*  Members,  contrary  to  their  Oath  and  Duty,   an 
'  high  Violation  of  the  Houfes  Privileges)  they  fay, 

*  That  they  have  faithfully,  cordially,    and  indu- 
'  ftrioufly,  at  all  Times,  p.nd  upon  all  Occafions,  to 

*  tin   beft  of  their  Underftandings,    promoted  the 

*  Service  of  that   poor  bleeding  Kingdom  ;   that 

4  they 

tf  ,E  N,G  L  A  N  D;  i3i 

*  they  did  deiive  Supplies  might  have  gone  in  an  An.  21  Car.  I, 
'  intire  Body  out  of  the  Army,  und  that  as  fpeedily  '-^ 

*  as  poflibly  could   be;    io   as  fome  of  them  tcck  '""  jjiy< 

*  the  Boldnefb  to  move,  That  Sir   Thomas  Fairfax 
'  might   have  been   Tent  tbJther  ;    which  not  fuc- 
'  ceeding,  yet  the  Houle  refolving  ei^ht  Regiments 

*  of  Foot,    four  of  Horfe,  and   one   of  Dragoons 
'  fhould  be  fent  out  ot  the  Annv.  they,  as  zealouf- 
'  ly  as  they  could,  t-ndeavouieJ  the  putting  of  it  iri 

*  Execution,  and  attended  the  Committee  to  which 

*  it  was  referred  conitantly  and  diligently  :  And  they 
'  doubt    not  but  the:  great   Go-'!,   \v\\o  v,  ill   not  be 

*  mocked,  will  judge  them  <,;co:  Jin;:  to  their  Deierts 
'  who  have  obhVudted  it,   by  difcountehahcing  and 

*  affronting  them  who  offered  to  embrace  that  Ser-  » 
1  vice  at  the  Convention   of  Officers,  March   22, 

1646  (/";,  by  caihiering,  afiaultin'-,  and  turning  out 

*  of  their  Quarters  fuch  as  declared  thej^  Readinefs 
'  for  that  Service,    under  the  ignominious  Notion 

*  of  Deferters   of  the  Army,  and  as   Men   untrue 

*  to  the  common  Intereft  of  the  Soldiers  ;  and  by 

*  a  poiitive  Declaration,    That  what/never  faithful 

*  Commander  flwuld  be  appointed  for   the   Service  of 

*  Ireland,  they  mitft  J})eiv    tbcmfelves   averfe   to    that 

*  Service,   as  is  exprefled   in  a  Letter  of  the  Agita- 

*  tors  to  Lieutenant-General  Cromwell^  dated  faril 
«  30,  1647.     And,  in  Truth,  Col.  Robirt  Ham- 
'  m&nd's  high    and  unreafonable  Propofitioni  con- 
'  cerning  the  prefent  Service  of  Ireland,  viz.  That 
'  the  Time  of  his  Employment :,  and  thofe  of  this  Army 

*  going  with  him  in   this   Service,  exceed  not  two  or 

*  three   Months  at  the  furtkejl  \    thai  the  Forces  going 

*  over  with  him   be  not  obliged  to  any   otUr  Service 

*  ^vhatfoev£r,   more   than    the  pojftjjing    or    dej  ending 
'  of  Dublin  ;    that  Col.  Hammond  himfelf  may  have 

*  the  Command  of  the  Garrifon  of  Dublin,  and  all 

*  the  Forces  in  it  during  the  Jaid  Term  ;   that  Ship- 
'  Ping  he  ready   in  tie  Harbour  of  Dublin,  iiittu- 
'  ailed   at   the   Parliament's  Charge,    -with  fujjhlent 

(f)  See  3  Vindication  of  167  Officers  that  are  come  off  from  the 
Army,  and  the  printed  Petition  of  the  Officers  to  Sir  Tbcmas  Fair" 
fax.  Notts  in  the  Original. 

I   2  *  Lonvoj 

132  T^be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  =  3  Car.  I.   '  Convey,  fourteen  Days  before  the   Expiration  of  the 

lfe47.     ^    *jaidTertn,  to  tr-.W' port  the  laid  Forces  back  again  for 

'  En<Jund,  &c.  and  th'it  upon  other  Terms  than  thefe 

'  he  d:i><  t*  the  Number  wo^'ld  not  be  confiderable  that 

*  wotiidgo  over  for  that  Space^  cle:;rly  ckmonftrates 

*  his  and  ihe  Army's  flrange  Av.rfcnefs  to  Ireland's 

*  Relief;  and   that  all  they  aimed  at,  was   but  to 
'  poflefs  themfelves  of  Dublin  for  the  prefent,  for 

*  what  Ends,  themfelves  and  their  Proceedings  fmce 

*  can  beft  difcover. 

'  The  Informations  which    they  gave   into  the 

*  Houfe,  concerning  the  engagements  of  divers  Of- 
'  ficers  both  of  Horfe  and   Foot  for  the  Relief  of 

*  Ireland^  they  avow  to  be  true  ;  but  are  extremely 

*  mifreprefented  in  this  Article  ;    For  whereas  it  is 
«  falfly  fuggeft'd,  That  they  informed  the  Houfe  that, 
c  by  their  Pocurement^  there  were  fifty   Companies  of 
1  Foot  and  len  Troops  of  Horfe  of  the  Army  ingaged 
'  for  that  Service  upon  the  Terms  propounded  by   the 
'  Parliament^  the  Truth  is,    That   divers   Officers 

*  of  Horfe,  relating  to  fo  many  Troops,  and  feme 
'  of  the  Officers  of  about  fifty  Companies  of  Foot 

*  were,  by  Subfcription,  perfonal   Promife,   or  Af- 
4  furahce  from  others,  really  and  truly  ingaged,    as 

*  may  appear   by  the  Report  made  unto  the  Houfe, 

*  unto  which  they  refer  themfelves  ;  but  afterwards 

*  many    were  drawn  off  again  by  the  Artifice   of 

*  thofe   who,   though  they  pretended  Ireland's  Re- 

*  lief,  have  their  Ends  rather  upon  the  Confufion  of 

*  England  than  the  Relief  of  Ireland,    as  their  Pro- 

*  ceedings  do  manifeft. 

'  Concerning  the  Subfcriptions  of  Col.  Butler^ 
'  Lieutenant  Colonel  Jackfon,  Major  Gooday^  and 
'  others,  for  that  Service,  fuppofcd  to  be  procured 

*  in  Delufion  of  the  Parliament,   to  miflead  it  into 

*  a  vain- Imagination  of  a  Strength  out  of  the  Army, 

*  which   had  nothing  of  Reality  in   it,    in  regard 

*  thofe  Officers  did  then   declare  their  Unwilling- 
*•  nefs  to  go-  into  Ireland  upon  any  Terms  whatfo- 

*  ever ;  truly  we  conceive  that  Declaration    from 
'  the   Officers,   bearing  Date  the   22d   of  March, 
'  will  fuiHeiently  clear  both  from  any  diftionour- 

4  able 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  133 

*  able  Combination  ;  wherein  it  will  appear  that  they  An.  23  gatt  j4 
'  obliged  ;hemfelves  no  further,   than  either  to  in-         l647* 

*  gage  in  their  own  Perfons,  or  to  improve  their  In-  T"""""/ 
'  terefts  in  their  refpe&h  e  Commands,  for  that  Ser-          •*"  y' 

*  vice  j  which  lad  Obligation  they  have  made  good 

*  like  Men  of  Honour. 

'  As  for  thofe  Officers  of  Col.  Bu'Ier's  ard  Sir 
'  Hardrefs  Waller's  Regiment;  their  Names  mi^ht 
'  be  given  in  by  thofe  who  knew,  or  might  juitly 
«,fuppofe,  that  their  Inclinations  led  them  to  embrace 
'  that  Service  ;  if  their  Friends  were  miftaken  in 
'  them,  or  their  Minds  fince  altered,  we  know  not 

*  what  Crime  can  be  imputed  to  any. 

'  Lieut.  Col.  Farnngton  was  never  prefentu!  by 
'  them  to  the  Houfe  as  a  Lieutenant-Colonel  of  the 
'  Army,  and  ingaging  for  himfelf  and  his  Regiment 
'  for  Ireland ,  but  only  as  a  Gentleman  that  had 

*  formerly  held    the  Quality  of  Lieutenant  Colo- 
4  nel ;  and  yet  did  retain  a  very  great  and  dderved 
'  Intereft  in  that   Regiment,   and  with  whom  they 
'  conceived  the  Regiment  would  be  very  willing  to 

*  engage. 

'  To  the  eleventh,  which  charges  Sir  Philip 
«  Stapylton,  Mr.  Holies,  Sir  John  dotwcrtbv,  Sir 

*  William  Leivis,  Major-General  Ma/ey,  Sir  Wil- 

*  liam  Waller,    and    Mr.   (jlynne^    with  commanding 
'  Part    of   three    Regiments,    advanced  frr    Ireland 
'from  Bromfgrove  in  Worcefterftiire,  back  to  Read- 

*  ing   with  an   evil  Intent   to  draw    Forces  together 

*  for    a    new  War,    and    this    being   done  upon  the 
'  Sabbath-Day ;    they   anfwer,    That,  out  of  their 
'  Zeal  to  promote    the  Service  for    Ireland,  they 
'  met  at  all  Times  when  they  were  fummoned    at 
1  Derby    Houfe,    where  the  Council  fat  early  and 
*late,   and  fome  Times  pn   the  Sabbath-Day,    be- 

*  ing  in  Truth  a  Work  of  the  greateft  Piety  and 
'  Mercy  ;  which  certainly  was  not   for  their  Eafe; 

*  and  they   hope  rather  a  Merit,  than  to  be  reput- 
4  cd  a  Crime :  That  that  Bufmefs   was  tranfafted 

*  at  a  full  Committee,   whether  upon  the  Sabbath 

*  Day  or  no  they  know  not ;  but  they  know,  and 

*  affirm,    that    the    Reafon  why    thole  Regiments; 

I  3  *  wer« 

I  34  ¥be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  '  were  ordered   to  come  to  Reading,  was  only  that 

^     I6*7' ^   «  Money  might  be   lent   to    them   for  their  Pay ; 

,\  '  the  Officers  reprefenting   to  the  Committee  the 

*  gieat  Neceflities  of  the  Soldiers,  and  that  where 

*  they  were  then   quartered   in   Worjlerjbire,    they 
'  did  not  know  how  to  convey  it  thither  with  Safe- 

*  ty,  in  regard  it  muft  pafs  through   the  Quarters 

*  of  the  Army,  who  had  exprefled  great  Difplea- 

*  fure  to  thofe   Forces  which   were  drawn  off  for 
'  Ireland ;  and   the  Committee  was   the  rather  iri- 

*  duced  to  it,  becaufe  they  knew  the  Money  which 
'  was  fent    to  Oxford^  for  difbanr'ing   a  Regiment 
f  there  quartered,  when,  upon  their  Refufal  to  dif- 

*  band,    it  %ya$  ordered  to  be  brought  back,  was 

*  violently  taken  away  by  the  Soldiers   from  thofe 
'  intrufted  with  that  Service  ;  and  the  Committee 
'  feared  fome  fuch  Attempt  for  the  intercepting  of 

*  this  Money,  which  occafioned   thnt  calling  back 

*  to  Reading ;  and  not  any  fuch  Defign  as  is  moft 
c  moft  falfly  and  malicioufly,  in  the  Article  fug- 
«  gefted. 

'  To  the  twelfth,  wherein  Sir  John  Clotwort'hy 

*  is  faid    to  to  have  c:rw_rted  Jtverat  great  Sums  of 

*  Money   to  his  pariicuLr   Uft  in  ike  Tears   1642, 
'  1 643,  1 644,  and  fence  ;  which,  by  frueral  Orders  of 

*  Parliament ,  and  of  the  Iriih  Committee  were  defigned. 

*  for   the    Relief  of  Ireland  ;    firft,    he    anfwereth, 

*  That  he   never  received    any    Money  from  the 

*  Beginning  of  the  War  until   this  Day  for  the 

*  Relief  of  Ireland  in  general ;    but  only   for  the 

*  particular  Charge    he    hath    in    that    Kingdom, 
f  wherewith     he    was    honoured    in    the     Begih- 

*  ning  of  the  War  by  a  fpecial  Order  of  Parlia- 

*  ment. 

*  And  for  the  particular  Sums  in  thnt  Article 
<  fupgefted   to  be  received  by  him  in   Money,  he 

*  faith,  That  he  never  received  any  fuch  Money, 

*  and  was  fo  far  from   making  any  prrticular  Ufe 

*  of  fuch,  either  Money  orProvifton?,  as  were  Jer 

*  figned  for  fupporting  the  Soldiers  uaJcr  his  Care, 

*  to  their  Prejudice   in  the  Jeait  Degree,   that   he 

*  hath  difburfed  above  3000  /.  out  of  his  own  Porfe, 

«  and 

^ENGLAND.  135 

c  and  by  his  Credit,  for  their  Support  and  Relief, An>  23  <^r 

*  more  than  was  received. 

'  He  further  faith,  That  for  the  Sum  of  280 /. 
'  in  the  Article  mentioned,  by  an  Account  delivered 

*  to  the   Committee  of  Accounts  in  June    1644, 

*  he  was  fo  far  from  intending  the  lead  Prejudice, 

*  either   to  the  State  here,   or   that  Kingdom  of 
'  Ireland*  that,   amon^ft    other  Sums,   he  charged 

*  himfelf  with  the  faid  280  /.  for   twenty  Buts  of 
4  Sack,  which  he  fhould   have  received  from  one 

*  Wbitcot ;  who   failing   therein,  the  faid  Sir  John 

*  converted  the  Credit  of  the  Ordinance  for  the  faicj 
4  280 /.  into  Cloaths  for  his  Soldiers,  as,   upon  full 

*  Examination  and  Debate  feveral  Years  fince  had 

*  thereof,  before  the  Committee  of  Accounts,  may 
'  appear. 

*  And  by  the  faid  Account  he  is  likewife  cl 
1  with  300  /.   in  the  Article   mentioned    for   one 

*  hundred   and  twenty    Pair  of  Piftols,   the  moil 
4  whereof  he  exchanged,    by    Order,   out  of  the 

*  Stores  of  this  Kingdom  for  Firelocks,  which  he 

*  fent  over  to  the  Soldiers  of  his  Regiment,  and  the 

*  Remainder  of  the  faid  Pii'rols   were  d?livered  to 

*  his  Troop ;  and   he  never  converted  any   of  the 

*  faid  Piftols  to  his  own  I  L-,   though  he  conceives 
4  he  might  have  fo  done,  having  ^i/en  Allov/iinc    .'or 
4  them  on  his  Account :  And   for  the  Money  for 

*  the  faid  Piftols,    as  no  F.ut   thereof  ever  cau;e 
4  to  his  Hands,  fo  he  conceives  the  fam"  is  yet  due 
4  and    unpaid   to  one  Abraham   Fandent'cind,    what 
4  provided  the  faid   Piftols  on   the  Credit  of   the 
4  State. 

4  For  the  Sum  of  700  /.  for  2000  Swords  ;  he 
4  knoweth  nothing  thereof,  nor  ever  received  any 
4  fuch  Sum  ;  but  acknowledged*  that  he  is  charged 
'by  his  faid  Account  with  iy5/.  for  his  Part  of. 
4  2000  Swords,  which,  as  the  former  Sum  of 
4  280 /.  hath  been  laid  out,  with  much  more  of 
4  his  own,  for  the  Service  of  the  State  ;  fo  as  the 
4  faid  Sir  "John  Clotworthy  having  prevented  the 
'  Informers  by  his  Accou-i  long  fmcc  given  in, 
'  and  there  remaining  fo  great  a  Sum  difburfed  by 
I  4  «  hiai 

136  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2-5  Car.  I.  <  him,  over  and  above  what  lie  hat  i  received,  had 

t    l647-    t     <•  he  drained  any  P  u  c   towards   his  own  Diiburfe- 

'    T^ *  ments,  which  he    onceivcs   he  might  juiHy  have 

f  done,  yet  could  ii  not  have  been  charged  againft 

*  him  for  fo  heinou^    a  Crime,   ami  that   in  Profe- 
'  cution  of  the  Defign  in  the  geneial  Charge  men- 
'  tioned,  as  is  impertinently  laid  down  in  the  faid 

*  Art  cle. 

'  And  for  the  other  divers  Sums  of  Money,  fug- 
f  gefted  in  general  to  have  been  R-ceived,  from  Time 

*  to  Time,  by  the  faid  Sir  ^ohr,  for  the  Ufe  of  Ire- 
'  land,  which  are  alledgcd  not  to  be  employed  as 

*  by  the  feyeral  Orders  was  dii celled  and  intended; 
f  when  he  knows  the  Particulars,    he  hopes  to  give 

*  a  fatisfactory  Anfwer   therein  ;    and   wifhes  that 

*  fome  few   of  his  many  Accufers   may  be  able  to 

*  give  as  juft  an  Account  for  the  many  Sums  they 
'  tuve  received,  in  relation  to  their  Employments, 

*  as  ;ie  hath  done,  and  is  ready  to  do,  for  thofe  few 
'  Sums  directed  for  his  and  his  Soldiers  Support  in 

*  that  hard  War  of  Ireland. 

*  And  whereas,  by  this  Article,  it  is  fuggefted. 
c  Tljat  the  faid  Sir  John  Clotworthy  bath  "within 
'  two  Tears  laft  pq/1^  received,  feveral  Sums  of  Mo- 
'  ney,  Arms,  and  either  Provisions,  for  a  Troop  of 

*  Horfe^    which  he  pretended,  he  had  raifed  in  Ire- 

*  land  ;  he  faith,  That  he  never  pretended  to  have 

*  raifed  any  fuch  Troop,    though  he   rnay,   with 

*  fome  Confidence,    affirm,  he  hath,    to   his   great 

*  Charge,  thefe  five  Years  paft,  maintained  a  Troop 

*  of  Horfe  which  was   formerly   under  the  Com- 

*  maud  of  Capt.    Upton,   deceafed,    and   after  his 

*  Death  conferred  on  him  ;  which  Troop  he  hath 

*  often  recruited  fince  his   Command  thereof,  be- 

*  ing  about  five  Years  Space,  during  which  Time 
.?  there  was  never  received  from  the  State,  in  Mo- 

*  ney,   above  feven  Weeks   Pay,   with  fome  littje 

*  Provifions  of  Clo;iths  and  Anns,  which  he  duly 
4  returned  to  the  faid  Troop,  with  fome  Addition 

*  of  his  own,   for  their  better  S.:pp,.cc  in  Service  ; 
f  judging  it  a  moft  abominable  Act  to  datain  any 

of.    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  137 

*  Thing  at  all,  efpecially  of  Co  little,  defigned  for  An.  23  car.  I 

*  fuch  neceflitous  Soldiers.  t       |647- 

c  And  whereas,  by  the  latter  Part  of  the  Article,  ~j"" 

c  it  is  moft  fcandaloufly  fuggefted,  That  the /aid  Sir 
..'  John  Clotworthy,  for  Money  and  other  Rewardsy 
e  bath  preferred  John  Davis  and  William  Sommers, 
'  and  others,  to  be  intruded  with  the  Irifli  Affairs, 
6  ivho  have  kept  Correspondency  with  the  Enemy^  and 
'  and  defrauded  the  State  of  other  great  Sums  of  Money  ; 
'  and  that  he  hath  been  privy  to,  and  a  Sharer  in  fuch 
'  their  Aflion^  he  faith,  That  the  faid  Charge  is 

*  moft  falfe.  and  untrue   in  all  the  Parts   thereof 

*  wherein  he  is  concerned :  And  for  the  faid  IVil- 
'  Ham  SommerS)  he  faith,  He  never  preferred  him  to 
'  be  intrufted  with  any   of  the  Irijh  Affairs,  nor 

*  knoweth  of  any  Employment  he  ever  had  in  that 
'  Way  ;    it  being  notoriously  known  he  never  had 
'  fuch  Employment  fince  the  Rebellion  of  Ireland 

*  began  ;  fo  as  he  was  not  in  any  Capacity  to  de- 

*  fraud  the  State. 

«  The    faid   Sir  John  Clotworthy   further   faith, 
'  That  John  Davis  hath  been   contracted  withall 

*  for  great    Proportions    of  Victuals,  Arms,    and 

*  Cloaths  for  Ireland^  as  a  Merchant ;  wherein  the 

*  Committee   of  both  Kingdoms,  and  the  Com- 
c  mittee  for  the  Affairs  of  Ireland^  the  Confent  of 

*  the  Houfes  firft  had,  have  dealt  with  him  after 

*  others  refufed  fuch  Contracts,  as  he  then  accept- 
4  ed,  and  fince  performed  ;  to   moft  of  which  the 

.  *  faid  Sir  John  was  not  privy,  and  no  Participant 

*  at   all  with  the  faid  John  Davis  in  any  of  the 

*  Particulars  contracted  for,  as  is  now,   and  hath 
4  been  formerly,  in  printed  Pamphlets   falfly  fug- 
4  gefted  ;  but   that  the  faid  John    Davis  was  ever 

'  *  trufted  with  the  Affairs  of  Ireland  other  than  as  a 

*  Merchant,  (whereby  he  had  the  Opportunity,  in 

*  Performance  of  his  Contracts  with  the  State,  to 

*  lay  out  his  own  Money  by  great  Sums,   and  get 
f  it  again   as  he  can,  whereof  there  may  be  now 
«  fome    Doubt)    the  faid    Sir    Jobn   Cioiivsrthy   b 
«  totally  Ignorant. 

«  To 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

4  To  rhe  thirteenth  Aitirle,  wherein,  among 
4  other  Things,  fecret  Intelligence  to  have  been  held 
4  with  the  Lord  of  Ormond,  by  Cypher  y  is  laid  to 
1  the  Charge  of  the  faid  Sir  John  Clotv/orthy,  his 

*  Anfwer  is,  That  he,   together  with   Sir  Thomas 
«  (•l-hfi'-t-in^   Sir  Rtbe.rt   King,  Sir   Robert  Meredith^ 

*  and  Richard  Salway,  Efq;  or  any  three  of  them, 
'  being  appointed  Commiflioners,  but  not  jointly 

*  as  is  pretended,  to   treat  with  the  Lord  of  Or- 

*  mondy  for  the  Delivery  of  the  Sword,  &c.  of  the 

*  City  of  ^Dublin  ;   after  four  Days  Treaty,  accord- 

*  ing  to  their  Inftru<5Hons  ;  the  Treaty  not  taking 
'  Efre&,  the  Commiilioners  refolved,  That   three 

*  of  them  fhould  go  for  Belfa/l^  and  two  of  them 

*  come  to  London  :  And  whilft  the  Commiflioners 

*  were   in  Preparation  for  their  Departure,  upon 
'  feveral  juft  and  warrantable  Occafions,   they  re- 

*  paired  jointly   and  feverally  to  the  Lord  of  Or- 

*  mend,  who  feemed   to  be  much  troubled  that  the 

*  Treaty  took  no  Effc<5t ;  profefling  the  only  Caufe 
'  thereof  to  be  the  Want  of  the  King's  A/Tent, 

*  which  he  faid   he    hoped   to   gain  ;    defirin ;  to 
4  have  it  fo  prefented  to  the  Parliament,  and  that 
4  he  might  acquaint  the  Parliament,  and  the  Com- 
'  mifiioners  then  going  for  Belfafl^  with  the  King's 
'  Anfwer ;    and,  left  Letters  {hould  be  intercepted 

*  by  the  Rebels,   there   was  a  Cyher  ageeed   on, 
'  which  was  known  to  feveral  of  the  Commiflioners 

*  when  it  was  delivered,  and  of  which  the  faid  Sir 
'  John  minded  the  other  Commiflioners  at   Belfa/i 

*  after  their  Arrival  there,  and  before  any  Thing 
c  was  written  by  the  fame  from  the  Lord  of  Or- 

*  mond;   and,   about   a  Fortnight  afterwards,    the 

*  Lord  of  Ormond,   by  the   Means  of  one  Capt. 

*  Ward,  conveyed  a  little  open  Paper  in  Cypher, 
'  directed   to   the  faid   Sir  John   Clotworthy  ;  who, 
4  as   foon   as   he  received   it,  did  communicate  the 
6  fame  to  the  reft   of  the    Commiflioners ;  which 

*  being  decyphered,   there  was  thereby  intimated, 

*  That   he  was    more   than    hopeful   they   mould 

*  fhortly  hear  from  him  to  their  Content ;  to  which 

*  the  Commiflioners  return'd  an  Anfwer,  That  they 

«  Ihould 

of   ENGLAND.  139 

«  (hould   be  glad   to  hear  of  the  Content    he  was  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  hopeful  to  give  :  With  all  which,  and  the  other  v , 

'  Tranfaclions  of  that  Affair,    the  Committee  of        ju]yt 

4  Derby-Houfe  were  made  acquainted,  and  reported 

*  the  fame  to  both  Houfes  before  Sir  John  Clotivor- 
1  thy  came  out  of  Ireland ;  and  the  Houfes,   having 

*  approved  of  the  Carriage  and  Endeavours  of  the 

*  Commiflioners    upon   the   whole  Tranfa&ion  of 
c  the  Bufmefs,  have  long  fmce  fo  far  owned  them 
'  therein,   that  they  have  given  Thanks  unto  them 

*  for  the  fame. 

*  This   being  the  only  Particular  wherein  the 

*  faid  Sir  John  CIsiwortby  is,   by  this  Article,  char- 
'  ged   to  have  held  Intelligence  with  the  Lord  of 

*  Ormond'y  and   that  being  by  the  Advice  of  the 

*  reft  of  the  Commiffioners,  in  Manner  as  afore- 

*  faid,    and  for  fo  good  an  End,  as  the  giving  his 
4  Lordfhip  an  Opportunity  of  new  Application   to 

*  the  Parliament  for  rendering  to  them  the  City  of 
4  Dublin  and  the  other  Garrifons  under  his  Com- 
'  mand  ;  which  hath,  fmce  that  Time,  taken  Effect 
4  accordingly,    to  the  exceeding  great  Advantage 
4  and  Strengthning  of  this  Kingdom's  Intereft  in 

*  Ireland ;  the  faid  Sir  John  Clotworthy  leaves  it  to 

*  the  Judgment  of  all  equal  minded   Men,  whe- 

*  ther  or  no  there  be  any  juft  Caufe  to  exhibit  fuch 
4  a  Charge  againft  him  for  the  fame,  efpecially  by 
'  an  Army  pretending  fuch  good  Affe&ions  to  Ire- 

*  land's  Welfare. 

'  For  the  other  Part  of  the  faid  Article,  con- 
4  cerning  the  faid  Sir  John  Ciotvvorthy's  holding  In- 
4  tettigence  with  the  Lord  Digby  ;  he  dire<5tly  de- 
4  nieth  any  fuch  Thing,  as  being  utterly  falfe  and 
4  untrue  ;  for  he  never  faw  the  faid  Lord  Digby 
4  thefe  many  Years  but  one  Night  accidentaly, 
4  when  being  laft  at  Dublin^  with  the  otliT  Com- 
4  miffioners  aforefaid,  he  was  feat  to  the  Caftle  of 
4  Dublin,  by  the  faid  CommilTioners,  conccrn- 
4  ing  an  Officer  of  Col.  Moore's,  that  had  recei- 
4  ved  any  Injury  by  fomt  Perfons  that  related  to 

*  the  Lord  of  Ormond  ;  at   which    Time  the    faid 

*  Lord  Digby  came  into  the  Room  where  he  was, 

4  but 

1 40  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  *  3  Car.  I.  <  but  he  had  no  Difcourfe   with   him   in 'private, 

^___         __,   '  nor  at   all,    other  than    common  Talk,    ftveral 

juiy.          '  Pcrfcns  S-mg  pi  lent:  Nerher  hath  th.    faid;  Sir 

'  John  Cistworthy^  fmce  the  far    Lord  Digby  deferted 

'  the  Parliament,  ever  exchanged  Letter,   Mtfiage, 

*  or  Word  with  him,  dire&ly  or  indirectly,  other- 
'  wile,    or   at   any   other   Time,    than    is    hereby 
«  declared. 

'  And  whereas,  by  this  Article,  it  is  charged,  That, 
'  in   order  to  fuch  Jecret  Intelligence,   (of  which    he 

*  admires  a  whole  Army  rending  in  England  fhould 
'  have  fuch  certain  and  public  Notice,  as  to  make 

*  it  a  pofitive  Charge,  and  undertake  to  prove  it  upon 

*  Oath,  were  it  fo  fecr, :  as  thev  charge  it,  as  the 
'  Article  ailedgeth  to  have  been  held  by  the  faid  Sir 
'  'John  Clotworthy,  with   the   faid  Lord  Digby)   the 

*  Lord  of  Ormond  and  the  faid  Lord  Digby)    lately 
'  employed  one  Slingfby,  who,   as  the  Article  faith, 
'  pretends  a  Defigns  about  the  Prince^  to  come  into  this 
'  Kingdom ;    the    faid   Sir  John    Clotworthy   utterly 

*  denietii  to  have  had   any  Thought  of  any    fuch 

*  Dehgn  or   any    Knowledge  of   the  faid  Sling/by, 
'  or  of  his    Coming  into    the  Kingdom  untill  he 

*  heard  that  one   Sling/by^  whom  he  yet  knoweth 

*  not,  had    been  examined  before  the  Committee 

*  at  Derly-Houfe.     And  the  faid  Sir  John  prefum- 

*  eth  he  hath,  to  the  faid  Committee,  confeffed  who 

*  employed  him,  and  to  whom  he  was  employed 
«  here. 

'  To  the  fourteenth,    which  charges   Sir  John 
1  Clotworthy,  Mr.  Holies,  and   Sir  Philip  Stapyltox, 

*  with  cbjlrufling  Articles,  exhibited  againjl  the  Lord 
'  Inchequin  ;  calling  back  the  Lord  Liftefrom  the 
'  Government  of  Ireland  ;   caufing  the  Command  of  the 

*  Forces  in  that  Kingdom  to  be  committed  to  the  Lord 
'  Inchequin,    ha  writing   a  Letter  to  bis  Lordjhip, 
'  upon  the  Receipt  whereof  he  Jhould  exprefi  he  bad 

*  Direction  to  put  out  all  thofe  who  favoured  inde- 
'  pendents  ;    they  do  fay  they  were  fo  far  from  keep- 
6  ing  off  any  Proceedings  upon  thofe  Articles,   that 
c  they  furthered  it  all  they  could,  and  feveral  Times 
'  moved  it  in  the  Houfe  ;  being  defirous  to  have  all 

*  cleared 

of   ENGLAND. 

c  cleared   concerning  the  Lord  Incbequin,  whom  as 

*  they  believed  to  be  a  Man  of  Honour  and  Fidelity, 

*  fo  if,  uj-on  Examination  of  his  Actions,  he  ap- 
'  peered  to  be  other,  they  were  refolved  to  declare 
'  their  Senfe  of  him  accordingly. 

4  As  for  what  concerns  the  Lord  Li/Je,  they  fay, 

*  His   Lordfhip's   Time  expiring,  which   was   bu^ 

*  for  one  Year,  either   for  himfelf  or  any  one  elf<? 

*  to  continue  in  that   Command,  the   Parliament 
'  was  pleafed  to  difpofe  of  the  Affairs  of  Ireland  in 
'  another  Way;    in  the  Agitation  whereof   in  the 
'  Houfe  they  went  according  to  their  Judgments 
'  and  Confciences,  without  refpeciing  any  Perfon 

*  living. 

'  For  the  Command  of  the  Forces  of  that  King- 
c  dom,  which,  as  to  the  Lord  Incbequiny   can  only 

*  be  underftood  of  Munjler^  they  do  not  know  that 
'  ever  any  Thing  was  here  done  in  it  at  all,  there 

*  having  been  no  Occafion  for  it,  as  to  their  Know- 

*  ledge  :  And  as  for  the  Letter  mentioned  to  have 
'  been  written  by  them,  or  any  of  them,  or   from 

*  fome  other  Perfon  by   their,  or  all  of  their,    Di- 

*  reclion,  they  fay,  As  it  is  altogether  uncertain  and 
'  illegal,  fo  it  is  a  mere  Fiction   (for  they  never  did 

*  any  fuch  Thing)  ;    and  tends  to  draw  the  Odium 

*  of  Independents  upon  them  ;    to  whole  Advance- 
'  ment,   both  in   Ireland  and  elfewhere,  they  fear 

*  they  may  prove  obftrudlive,  as  this  Article  clearly 
"*  infmuates. 

'  To  the  fifteenth,  Sir  JVilllam  Lewis  and  Mr. 
c  Glynne  fay,  That  the  Order  of  the  3Oth  of  April, 
''in  the  Article  mentioned,  (if  there  were  any 
4  fuch)  relates  to  them  only  as  Members  of  the 
"*  Committee,  for  whom  they  intend  not  to  anfwer  : 
'  But  in  Truth  there  was  no  fuch  Order  j  it  was 

*  only  a  Report,  not  an  Order,  and  intended  only 
4  for  the  County  of  Caertnartben^  however  it  came 

*  to  pafs  the  Words  were  general ;   and   that  was 

*  done  in  order  to  be  reported  to  the  Houfe,  and 
'  accordingly  was  reported,  and  after  repealed  by 
'  the  Committee   as  they  were  informed.     And  as 

*  for  the  publifhing  and  fending  thereof  unto  every 

4  Committee 

142  7  'he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a  3  Car.  I..  c  Committee  in  Wales  ^  they  know    nothing  there-* 
1647.         <  f  ,-.  ^either  was  it  done  by  their,  or  euher  of  their, 

'  Directions  or  Confents. 

'To  the  fixteenth  Article,  Sir  lyiUiarn  Lewis 
'  dcnieth  his  protecting  any  Delinquents  in  South- 
'  Wales,  as  is  untruly  alledged. 

*  And  as  for  the  Earl  of  Carbery  ;  he  did  no  more 

*  than  move  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons  to    make 
'  good    what  Major-General   Laugharn    had    pro- 
«  mifed  and  prefled  for  on  his  Behalf,  by  his  Letters 

*  to  the  Speaker  and  Committee  of  both  Kingdoms  ; 
c  reprefenting  the  Advantages  that  came  to  the  Par- 
4  liament  by  his   Conformity,    and  how   it  would 

*  further  their  Service  to  oblige  him. 

'  For  Mr.  Carew  of  Glamorgan  and  Mr.  Herbert 
(  of  Brecknockjhire  ;  after  their  long  Imprifonment, 
'  they  being  upon  their  Compofitions  at  Goldfnatbs 

*  Hall,  he  did  but  move  the  afcertaining  of  their 

*  Fines,  according  to  the  Rules  prefcribed  to  the 
e  Committee  there  ;  having  obferved    that   Delays 

*  brought  a  Prejudice  both   to  the  Parliament  and 
'  the  Parties  fequeftered,    by   abufing  the  one    in 

*  their  Authority,  the  other  in  their  Eftates.     And 

*  for  Mr.   Herbert  ;  after  his   Sight  of  fome   high 

*  Articles  drawn  up  againft  him  by    Mr.   Rumfey, 
c  he  never  fpake  in  his  Behalf,    and  he  yet  conti- 
'  nues  a  Prifoner  in  Ely-Houfe.     For  Mr.  Morgan 

*  of  Brecknokfliire;    he  is  one  the  faid  Sir  William 

*  hath  ever  ufed  with  no  more  than  a  Civility  fuit- 
'  able  to  their  being  Countrymen,  and  of  many 
'  Years  Acquaintance  ;  which  he  believes  no  goo4 

*  Man  can  look  on  as  an  Offence.    For  Mr.  Givyn 
«  and  Mr.  Lewis  of  Radnor  Jkire^  two  of  the  Com- 

*  mittee  in  that  County,  and  thofe  that,  by  Major- 
'  General  Laugbarn's  Certificate  and  Col.   Birch's 

*  public  Teftimony,  had  furthered  the  reducing  of 
'  that  County  ;  he  did  but  publickly  move  in  the 
'  Houfe  that  fome  Difputes  concerning  them,  and 
'  fome  Differences  between  them  and  others  of  the 

*  Committee  for  that  County,  might  be  referred 

*  to  the  Committee  for  Gloucejier^  fit  ing  in  Chan- 

*  nel-Row  ;  which  he  did  out  of  his  Defire  to  iervc 

i  *  the 

^ENGLAND.  143 

*  the  Parliament,  by  keeping  Peace  in  thofe  remote  An.  23  Car. 
'  Parts,  and  for  no  Ends  at  all  of  his  own. 

*  And  further  faith,   He  was   never  fo   much  as 
e  prefent  at  any  Debate  concerning  the  Sequeftration 

*  of  any  other  Perfon  whatever  in  either  of  the  fore- 
4  mentioned    Counties,    fave    thofe  above-named  { 

*  nor  ever  fo  much  as  motioned  to  any  Member  of 

*  either'  Houfe,    Committee-Man  or  other,  either 
4  the  Remitting;  or  favourable  Compounding  with 
4  any,  upon  any  Terms  not  warrantable  by  the  Rules 
4  prefcribed,  or  their  compounding  with   any  that 
4  were  incapable  thereof;    nor  ever  did  animate  or 

*  encourage  any,  fmce  this  unhappy  Difference,    to 
4  continue  their  Fidelity  to  the  King's  Caufe,  by 

*  promifing  them,  that,  if  they  would  engage  their 
4  Friends    with    the   King   for   him,    he    and   his 
4  would  be  their  Friends  in  the  Parliament,  as  is 
4  untruly  fuggefted  ;   looking   upon  that   kind    of 
c  Conditioning  as  a  Thing  below  the  Thoughts  of 

*  a  Gentleman. 

*  What  the  Delinquents   in  thofe  Parts  fay  of 
4  him,  or  how  they  look  upon  him,  or  how  they  or 
4  any  others  look  upon  thofe  that  charge  him,  or 
4  what  (hall    be  his  or  their  Lot  at  his  Majefty's 
4  Coming  to  London,  he  is  ignorant  of;  but  hopes 
4  that  a  little  Time  will  difcover  both  him  and  them 
4  in  their  true  Colours  ;    and  wifheth  every  Man's 
4  Return  may  be  according  to  the  Singlenefs  and 
4  Integrity  of  his  Affections  to  the  public  Peace  and 
4  Welfare  of  the  Kingdom. 

4  And  farther  he  faith,  That  there  being  an  Or- 
4  der  for  the  Nomination  of  Juftices  of  the  Peace 
4  for  the  County  of  Brecknock,  he  humbly  named 
4  Mr.  Roger  Faughan,  now  High  Sheriff  of  that 

*  County,  to  be  added  to  the  Committee  formerly 

*  named  by  the   Houfe ;  alfo  Mr.  Meredith  Lewis, 
4  Mr.  George  Parrey,  and  Mr.  Edward  TFJHiams,  as 
4  the  fitteft  Perfons  he  knew  of  to  fupply  the  Ne- 
4  ceflity  there  was  of  Juftices  in  that  County  :  And 
4  although  he  cannot  fay  that  when   the  Kind's 

*  Forces  had  a  Power  in  thofe  Parts,  but  that  ma- 
4  ny  of  them  may  have  done  that  which  is  not  juf- 

*  tifiable, 

¥he  Parliamentary  H  i  g  T  6  R  Y 

'  tifiable  ;  yet  for  his  Brother  Mr-    'Thomas  Lents* 
'  who  was  formerly  one  of  the  Committee,   he  is 
July.        *  confident  his  Innocency  is  equal  with  any  Man's* 
'  in  that  County,  and  his  Sufferings  as  great  as  any 

*  of  double  his  Fortune   inhabiting  there  j  he  ha- 

*  ving     been     carried     Pirfoner,    by    Sir    William 
'  Faughan's     Command,      to    Ludlow-Caftle    with 
'  one  Mr.  Hugh  IPiUiams^  where  they  continued 
'  till  he  laid  down  eight  fcore  Pounds  for  their  En- 
'  largement ;    and  he  can  confidently  affirm  that 
'  no  Man  is  left  out  of  Commiffion,  that  any  ho- 
c  neft  Man  can   pretend,  either  by  his   Eftate  or 
c  Affections  to  the  Parliament,    to  deferve  to  be 

*  therein  employed ;    and  he   could    heartily  wifh 
'  that  he  or  they  that  gave  Information  on  this  Ar- 
'  tide,  would  have   advifed  who  elfe  fhould  have 
"  been   recommended   for  Committee-Men  or  Juf- 

*  tices.       And    for    Mr.   Edward  Williams   being 

*  made  Sollicitor  ;    his  Commiflion   was    delivered 
'  upon  Certificate  from  three  of  the  four  Gentle - 
c  men  who  are  the   only  Perfons   refident  in   the 
'  County  of  thofe  that  are  named  for  the  Com- 

*  mittee  there;   and  he  believes   he  hath   been  fo 
1  careful  in  his  Duty  that  neither  Corruption  nor 

*  Remiflhefs  can  be  juflly  charged  or  proved  againft 
«  him. 

«  And  the  faid  Sir  William  faith,  That  his  Son 
'  was  chofen  Burgefs  for  the  Borough  of  Brecknock 
'  by  the  unanimous  Aflent  of  the  Burgefles,  who 

*  adjudged  him  a  fit  Perfon  to  fervc  for  them  ;  and 
'  his  Fitnefs  for  that  Place  he  dcfires  may  be  de- 

*  termined  of  by  thofe  amongft   whom  he  hath  the 
'  Honour  to    fit,  who    have   feen   his  Demeanor, 

*  and  are  the  only  proper  Judges  thereof;  but  that 

<  he  kept  the  Writ  eight   Months  in  his  Cuftody, 

*  in  order  thereto,  is  moft  untrue  ;  for  at  his  being 

<  in  Erecbwckjhire  in  "July  1646,  having  carried  the 

*  Writ  down  with  him  ;   and  finding,  at  Ragland, 

*  that  Worcejler  was  then  but  upon  Delivery  to  the 

*  Parliament,  and  that  the  Commiffioners  of  Peace 
'  for  that  County  were  thofe  that  continued  in  their 

*  Authority  by  their  old  CommhIIon,  he  thought 

gf    ENGLAND.  145 

*  it  then  no  fit  Time  for  a  public  Meeting  in   that  An.  23  car.  I. 
5  Town   upon    fuch    an     Occafion,    left    fome    ill  v 

'  Confequence  might  have   followed  thereon  ;    and 

*  thereupon,  at   his  Return,  acquainted    Mr.   Pri- 
'  deaux,    one  of  the   then   Commiflioners   for   the 
4  Great  Seal,  therewith  ;    and,  with  his  Approba- 

*  tion,  returned   the  Wfit  to  Mr.   Scobel,  the  Re- 
4  ^ifter,  in  whole  Cufrody  it  continued  till  he  cal- 
4  led    for    it    again    fome    five   Weeks    before  the 
4  Eledion. 

1  To   the  feventeenth  Article  the  faid   Sir  7^77- 

*  Ham  Lewis  aiknowledgeth  that,    by  the  Ever-ho- 
'  nourable  the  Earl  of  EJfex's  Commiilion,  and  the 

*  Approbation   of  both  Houfes   of  Parliament,    he 

*  was,  in  the  Beginning  of  thefe  Troubles,  made 

*  Governor  of  PGi'tfmouth  ;  though  not  only  with- 
4  out  his  Defire  but  againft  it,  as  it  is  well  known 

*  to   Sir  John  Evelyn  of  Wilts,  a   Member  of  the 
*•  Honourable  Houfe  of    Commons :    That  during' 
4  his  Service  there  he  received  much  of  the  Public 

*  Treafure,  for  which   he  gave  fuch   an  Account, 

*  as  that  he  had  his   Difcharge   from  the  Commit- 
'  tee  for  Accounts,  bearing  Date  the  >5th  Day  of 
c  March,   1644  :  And  the  faid  Committee,  coming 

*  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  wi:h  their  Certificates 

*  of  that  Account  and  others,  did  there  publickly 
'  atteft   it  to  be   both  juft  and   frugal;   whereupon 

*  the  Houfe  was  fo   favourable  as  to  vote,  on  the 
«  third  of  April,  1645,    f^e'r   Approbation   of  his 
4  Account  fo  prefented   unto  them  j  and   to  order 
'  That  the   Committee    of  the    Revenue  Jkould,   with 
'  their  fooncjl    and  bcjl   Ccnvsniency,   pay   unto  him 

*  the  Sum  ^"415!.    i6s.   8d.  part  of  ^ubfft  remained 

*  due  unto  him    upon   bis  faid  Account,  as   appeared 
«  by  the  Certificates  above-mentioned  ;  which  evi- 
'.dently  difproves  that  Part  of  the  Charge,  which 

*  doth  molt  unjuftly  accufe  him  for  not  accounting, 
4  of  which  he  believes  his  greateft  Acculers  are  h;r 

*  more  guilty  than   himklf,  fmce   he  never  heard 
«  of   any   Certificate  " made  to  the   Houfe   of  their 

*  Accounts. 

VOL,  XVI,  K  « And 

1'he  Parliament  dry  H I  s  T  o  R  y 

'  And  whereas  he  is  likewife  charged,  while  he 
was  Governor  there,  frequently  to  havt  held  Cor* 
rcfpondency  and  Intelligence  with  the  King's  Party, 
about  the  Delivery  t(p  of  the  faid  Garrifon :  Some 
fuch  Afperfions  having  been  very  undefervedly 
raj  fed  on  him,  during  his  Command  there,  the 
Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons  for  the  Safety 
of  the  Kingdom  were  pleafed  to  write  to  him  to 
come  up  to  Lomkn,  by  their  Letter  dated  the  8th 
of  J:me  1643  ;  where  the  faid  Sir  William  pref- 
fmg,  by  his  Importunity,  the  faid  Committee  and 
Earl  of  Efjex  that  they  would  examine  whatever 
could  be  alledged  againft:  him,  to  punifh'  him  if 
faulty,  and  rj^ht  him.  if  injured  ;  upon  the  Earl 
of  Efleifs  Letter  to  the  faid  Committee,  after  a 
full  Examination  of  the  Bufmefs,  the  Committee, 
by  their  Letter,  gave  his  Lordfhip  this  Accouut 
following  : 

Weftminfter,  July  29,  1643. 
May  it  plcafe  your  Excellency, 

E  hcnjt  examined  and  delated  the  Bujinefs  con- 
cernlng  Sir  William  Lewis,  as  your  Lord/trip 
did  d.:firc ;  and  out  of  all  thofi  Jcaloufics  and  Alle- 
gations which  have  been  offered  againft  him,  there 
amounts  nothing,  as  we  can  gather,  which  can  de- 
rogate from  his  Honour,  or  the  public  Confidence 
repofed  in  him  in  his  Command  at  PortfmoutH.  This 
Account  we  render  to  your  Excellency,  as  well  to  an- 
f-Mf.r  that  winch  bath  been  referred  to  us  by  your  Ex- 
cellency's Letter,  <?;  that  tubicb  is  required  from  us- 
ly  Sir  William  Lewis's  Innocency.  This  being  the 
State  of  this  Bufmefs,  it  is  left  in  the  Hands  of  your 
Excellency  to  repair  this  worthy  Gentleman  in  what 
Manner  you  /bail  plcafe  ;  and  fa  we  take  our  Leave, 

ftnd  reJ*     Your  Excellency's 

very  affec~lionare  Friends 

and  humble  Servants, 


PEMBROKE  awl  MONT-     W.  SAY  and  SELE, 
GOMERY,  Jo.  PYM,  • 

«  Ths 

rf  £  N  G  L  A  N  b.  i47 

*  The  which  Letter  being  carried  to  his  Excel-  An  a3  car.  1. 
1  lency,  after  his  Perufal  thereof,  he  wifhed  the  faid         1647- 

*  Sir  William  Lewis  to  repair  again   to  Portfmouth^     ^TT"""* ' 

*  and  to  take  Care  thereof ;  but  he  having  vindicated         J°  y* 
'  his  Innocency,    and  to  manifeft  how  little  he  re- 

4  garded  either  Places  of  Honour  or  Gain,  (which 
c  others  afpire  to)  defired  to  be  excufed,  and  quit* 

*  ted  the  Employment. 

4  Why,  or  upon  what  Grounds,  the  faid  Sir  Wtl* 
4  liami  with  divers  other  Perfons  who  faithfully  fer- 
4  ved  the  Parliament,  was  left  out  of  the  Proclama* 
4  tion  mentioned,  he  knoweth  not,  being  no  ways 

*  privy  to  their  Councils,  nor  what  his  Majefty  was 

*  pleafed  to  fay  of  him  ;  but  this  heknoweth^  and 

*  'tis  generally  known   to  that  Part  of  Hampjhire 

*  where  he  lived,  that,  about  Oflober,  1643,  there 

*  was  plundered  from  him  by  the  King's  Party  to 

*  the  Value  of  betv/een  2  and   3000  /.   by  means 
4  whereof,  his  Lands  being  unftocked,  he  made  not 

*  three  Pence  of  them    in  three  Years.     For  his 

*  Eftate  in  Brecknockflnre,  which,  by  the  Charge,  is 
'  allowed  to  be  worth  about  600  /.  per  Ann-urn^  it  was 
c  not  held  worth  fequeftering  in  thofe  Parts,  in  re* 
e  gard  of  the  Taxes  hid  upon    it;   and  during  the 

*  Time  of  the  Troubles  he  made  little  Profit  of  his 
4  Eftate  there  or  elfewhere. 

*  And  as  it  is  no  Argument  that  fome  Malignants 

*  in  Arms  againft  the  Parliament  did   hold  Corre- 

*  fpondency  with  them,    becaufe  their  Eftates    in 

*  fome  Places  have  not  been  yet  fequeftered,  through 

*  Negligence   of  the  Officers,    or  Want  of  Evi- 

*  dence  ;  fo  he  prefumes  it  can  be  no  Proof  of  his 

*  complying  with  the    King  or  his  Party,    in  the 

*  Judgment  of  any  indifferent    Perfon,  or  of  his 

*  Accufers  (who  now  profefs  their  Correfpondency 

*  with   his  Majefty  without  the  Houfes  Privity,  in 

*  their  late  printed  Letter,  of  July  8,  1647  (g)^  to 
4  both  Houfes)  becaufe  he  was  not  fequeftered  upon 

*  the  fame  or  any   fuch  like  Occafion ;  which,  for 

*  ou^ht  he  knowi;,  may  be  the  Cafe  of  fome  other 
6  well-affe&ed  Members. 

fg)  In  this  Volume,  p.  loj. 

K  2  «  As 

1 48  the  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.i.  .     «  As  concerning  Col.  Price's  Eftate;  upon    the 

l6-*-7-         c  fad  Complaint  of  Mrs.  PnV<?  of  her  Necefiitics, 

"L\'fv  ~      *  he  wrote  a  Letter  to  the  Committee  only  to  allow 

'  unto  her  the  fifth  Part  of   her  Hufband's  Eftate, 

4  according  to  the  Ordinance  of  Parliament  in  that 

4  Behalf,  and  to  reftore  her  Wearing  Apparel  which 

4   been  taken  from  her,  (an  Extremity  he  had 

4  not  heard  of  before  ufed  to  any  other)  which  he 

4  hopes   his  Accufers,  who  now  defire  Juftice  for, 

1  and    Indulgence    towards,    Delinquents,     which 

*  they  charge  as  a  Crime  in  others,  cannot  diflike  : 

4  Bat  for  the  letting  of  Col.  Price's  Eftate,  he  did 

4  not  intermeddle  therein  ;   but  believes  the  Ten- 

'  ant  that  rents  it  at  50  /.   per  Annum  pays  a   full 

4  Value  for  it  to  the  State,  confidering  it  is  charged 

4  with   Annuities  of  I2O/.  per  Annum  ifluing  out 

4  of  it,  his   Wife's  fifth  Part,    and  all  Taxes  and 

4  Contributions. 

4  The  laid  Mr.  Glynne,  as  to  the  Charge  in  the 
4  fixteenth  Article,  whereby  he  is  charged  To  pro- 
4  cure  jcviTal  Persons  that  have  been  Com?nijjioners 
4  of  Array  in  North  Wales,  to  be  named  in  Commif- 
^  fans  of  Peace,  and  other  Places  of  greater  Truji  and 
4  Command,  faidi,  The  Article  gives  not  any  In- 
4  ftance  of  any  fuch  Pcrfon  that  he  hath  procured 
4  to  be  named  a  Juftice  of  Peace,  or  any  other 
4  Place  of  Truft  or  Command,  except  Col.  Glynnc, 
4  his  Brother,  made  Governor  of  the  Town  and 
4  Caftle  of  Caernarvon.  And  for  the  faid  Col. 

*  Glynne,  he  averrs  he  was  never  any  Colonel  in 
4  the   King's   Army,    but   conftantly   declared    his 
4  Affection  to  the  Parliament;  and  for  that  Caufe 
4  he  was,  in  the   Beginning  of  the  Troubles,  bc- 
4  fieged  in   his  own  Houfe,   with   Cannon  planted 

*  Rg&tnil  it  ;    where    he   was  taken    Piifoner,    his 

*  Arms  feized  upon,  himfelf  charged  with  Treafon, 
4  and  intended  to  be  proceeded  againft  at  Shrew f- 
1  bury,  had  not  fome   Perfons  interpofed   and  pro- 
4  cured   his   Enlargement,    upon  Security  that  he 
4  fhould  not  bear  Arms  for  the  Parliament:  And 
4  as  he  hath  fuffered  for  his  ArTeclion  to  the  Par- 

4  liamentj 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  149 

*  Kament,  fo  he  hath  advantageoufly  acted  for  them,  An.  23  car.  I. 

*  by   inviting     Major-General    Mitton    to    come,  t ^ 

*  into  North-Wales  ;    joining  his  Forces   with   the          juu" 

*  faid    Major-General,    and    relieving   the    Parlia- 

*  ment's  Forces  with   Money  ;    by  reafon  whereof 

*  the  County  and  Caftle  of  Caernarvon  was  reduced 
'  to  the  Parliament's   Obedience    of  whole    emi- 

*  nent  Services  the  Houfe  of  Commons  took  fpe- 
c  cial  Notice,  in  a  Letter  written  unto  him  ;  and, 
c  for  Recompence   or"  his  Sufferings  for  the  Parlia- 
4  ment,   and   the  great  Service  done   for  them,  he 

*  was  made  Governor  of  Caernarvon^  for  the  Safety 

*  of  thofe  Parts,  and  Encouragement  of  the  Well- 
«  affeaed  there. 

*  To  the  eighteenth  Article,  whereby  Mr.  Glynne 

*  is  charged  To  have  taken  Rewards  of  fever al  Per- 
4  Jons  for  Service  done  i'jcm  in  the  Houfe ;   and^  in  par- 
4  ticular,   100  1.  paid  unto  bis  ll'ife  by  the  Drivers  of 
4  Wales,  for  Service  done  them,  he  faith,  That  the 

*  fame  is  a  falfe  and  flanderous    Charge  :  And  .for 

*  the  iooA  fuppofed  t>  be  given  to  his  Wife,  who 

*  is  dead  and  cannot  anfwer  for  herfelf,  the  fame  is 
'  untrue  ;  for  Mr.  Glynne  lent  thole  poor  Men  100  L 

*  out  of  his  own   Money,  to    find    them    Bread, 

*  which  was  afterwards  repaid  him,  when  they  pro- 

*  cured   Money   upon  the  Credit  of  the   Excife,  as 

*  will   be  juHiricd    by   many   Perfons   of  Quality  j 

*  befides  which  there  was  no  other  ioo/.  that  came 
'  to  his  Wife's  Hands. 

'  To  the  nineteenth  Article,  Mr.  Glynne  anfwers, 
*yzr/?,  concerning  Delinquents,  That  the  Charge  is 
4  general,  and  therefore  he  can  make  no  particular 
4  Aniwer,  but  generally  not  guikv. 

Secondly^.*-  Concerning  the  putting  out  of  the 

-  *  Militia  j   That  he  wras  no  way  concerned   in  it ; 

'  they   were   prefcnted    bv   the   Common-Cound], 

4  and  chofcn  there  when  he  was  not    prefent,  and 

4  afterwards  approved    by   both   Houfcs  j    and   he 

*  cannot  take  upon  hi  in  to  give  Kcali-n-,  i«>  juftify 

*  the  Adts  of  both  Houfes  or  the  Coaimor.-Coun- 
.  -*  cil,  who  are  only  impeached  b  /  tjiis  Charge,  and 

K  ^  '    *  v  ^4  muft 

l$o  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  (  muft  pjeac}  not  guilty  of  intermedling  with  putting 
.  '  4?'     ,     '  in  or  putting  out. 

July.  *  To  the  twentieth   Article,  where  it  is  faid, 

1  That  Sir  Philip  Stapylton,  Mr.  Holies,  and  Sir 
'  William  Lewis,  have,  by  their  Power  and  Coun- 
'  tenance,  obftrutied  "Jujlice  in  the  Caufe  between 
'  Alderman  Langham  and  Captain  Limery,  and  that 
'  of  John  Gunter;  they  anrwer,  That  Mr.  Holies 

*  and  Sir  Philip  Stapylion,  being  one  Afternoon  in 

*  the  Court  of  Rtquffh,  heard  that  the  Houfe  of 
'  Peers  were  then  to  fit,  which  made  them  go  to 

*  fee  what  theQccafiop  was  ;  and,  coming  into  the 
'  Lobby,  found  there  the  Earl  of  Rutland,  who 

*  told  them  their  Houfe  met  about  a  great  Bufinefs 
'  betwixt   Langham   and    Limery,    and    fotne  Dif- 
'  courfe  pa/led  concerning  it;  when  Mr.  Holies  and 

*  Sir  Philip  StaplyUn  laid,    They  underflood  that 

*  the  Merits  of  the  Caufe  was  not  at  all  in   Que- 
•*  ftion,  only  the  entertaining  of  it  upon   an  Ap- 
'  peal,   which    they   conceived    was   the  common 

*  Juftice  of  the  Kingdom,  and  not  to  be  denied  to 

*  any ;   which  having  faid,  they  went  away  ;    nor 

*  was  it  done  in  fecret,  but  fpolcen  publickly,  and 
'  in  the  Hearing  of  fome  of  the  Counfel  for  Limery  : 

*  And  they  do  utterly  deny  the  fpealcing  of  any  fuch 
4  Words  as  are  alledged   to  be  faid  by  them ;    for 

*  they  were  fo  far  from  engaging  their  Intereft  in  it 
'  as  they  do  not  to  this  Day  know  what  the  Lords 

*  did  upon  it.     And  Sir  fPtlNtni  Lewis  doth  abfo- 
'  lutely  deny  his  being  there  prefent  at  all,  when 
4  any  fuch  Conference  was  with  the  Earl  of  Rui- 
'  land;    ?md  cannot  but    obferve  there  {hould    be 

*  that  Significancy  attributed   to   his  Prefence  and 
'  Gefture,    as    thereby    to  difcover  his   Thoughts 
'  and   Inclinations,    efpecially    when   he  was   not 

*  there  in  Perfbru     And  as  for  the  Caufe  inftanced 

*  concerning  John  Gunter,  he  conceives  it  to  be  a 

*  Suit  depending  in  Chancery  betwixt  the  Father 
'  and  Son,  tjoth  nearly  related  to  him,  but  no  fur- 
4  ther  proceeded  in  than  to  Bill  and  Anfwer,  that 

*  he  knows  of;  and  what  Influence  his  Counte- 

*    ri  ^  n  /-*» 


cf   ENGLAND.  151 

*  fifcftce  could  have,  fo  early  Days  in  the  Beginning  An*  23  Car-  '• 
«  of  a  Suit,  let  all  the  WoVld  judge.  ~~ 

*  To  the  twenty-firft  Article,  which  concerns 
4  Mr.  Nicbott  only',  he  faith,  That  although  his 
'  Election  was  voted  to  be  void  by  the  Committee 

*  of   Privileges,    whofe    meer   Votes   exclude    no 

*  Members    from  fitting  in  the    Houfe,  where  no 

*  WitnefTes  were  heard  on  his  Behalf;  yet  he  con- 

*  ceives   his  good,  and  hopes  it  will  be 
4  thought  fo  by  the   Houfe  when   they   hear  a  true 

*  State  of  the  Caufe.     And  whereas  they  object, 

*  it  hath  lain  four  Years  unreported  ;    Mr.  Nicholl 
*•  appeals  unto  the  Houfe,  and  that  worthy  Gen- 

*  tleman  in   whofe   Hand  that  Report   lay,  being 
4  never  profecuted  by  his  Competitor,  whether  he 

*  hath  not  endeavoured  to  have  that  Report  made, 

*  and  the  Bufmcfs  determined  ;   and   {lill  continues 
'  his  humble  Requeft  to  the  Houfe  for  the  fpeedy 

*  determining  of  the  fame. 

'  To  the  fccond  Claufe  Mr.  Nicbsll  anfwers, 
'  That  he  never  uftd  any  Threats,  Menaces,  or  in- 

*  dirccl  Practices,  for  the  bringing  in  of  any  Mem- 

*  bers,  either  out  of  Cornwall  or  any  other  Country 
4  in  the   Wejl :  And  it  is  well   known  that  thofe 
4  worthy  Gentlemen  there  eiecled,and  now  excepted 

*  againlt,  were  fairly  and  duly  chofeu  by  their  own 
'*  Intereft  and  public  Demerits  ;  and  their  unbyafTed 

*  Integrity  is  fuch,  that  they  deleft  the  maintaining 

*  of  a  Faction,  or  carrying  on  of  any  Defign  other 

*  than  the  common  Good. 

'  To  the  Third  Claufe  of  that  Article  Mr.  Ni- 

*  choll  faith,    That"  he  continues   in  an   Office  of 
4  Maftcr  or'  the  Armory  in  the  Toivtir,  wherein  he 

*  hath  faithfully  ferved   the  State  for  their  Advan- 
1  tage  ;  and  that  fince  the  Self-denying  Ordinance 

*  paifed  the   Houfes,  he  never  received  one  Penny 

*  of  his  Fee  from  the  Committe  of  Revenue  ;  but 
'  confefTeth  to  have  received  a  Rent  of  347.  a  Year, 
1  or  thereabouts,  and  a  Fine  for  two  Houfes,  which 

*  he  is  to  be  accountable  for   to  the  Parliament : 
**And  it  is  well  known  that  Mr.  Nicholl  loft  a  far 

K  4  *  better 

152  *Tke  -Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  21,  Car.  I.  «  better  Office,  both   for    Profit  and  Efteem,    than 

l647-    f     <  this  (the  Customers  Place  of  Plymouth  and  of  all 

ry *  the  Ports  in  the   County  of  Cormuall]  for  his  Fi- 

'  dclity  to   tie  Parliament ;    and  hath   received   no 

4  Reparation  for  the  fame,  as  divers  others  have  had 

*  for  their  loft  Offices.      Besides,  he  hath  been  em- 

*  p!oyed  in  many  long  and  chargeable  Journeys,  and 
'  hath  expended  divers  great  Sums  of  Money,    in 
'  them,  which   he  hath  borrowed  of  his   Friends  ; 
1  and  hath  yet  had  no  Satisfaction  from  the  Parlia- 

*  nient  in  Confideration  thereof  as  fome  of  his  Ac- 
'  cufers  have  had  for  meaner  Services. 

1  To  the  tv/enty-fecond,  Mr.  Nicholl  faith,  That 
4  neither  himfelf,  nor  any  other  for  him,  ever  took 

*  one  Penny,  directly  or  indirectly,  for  any  thing 

*  done  in  Parliament,  or  in  any  of  their  Committees ; 

*  wherein  he  hath  had  the  Honour  to  ferve  in  fome 
(  of  the  greateft  Truit. 

f  And  whereas  he  is   charged  to  bring  Sir  \Vil- 
4  !iam  Uvedale  into  the  Hovfe   upcn  his  coming  from 

*  Vork,  for  the  Sum  of  150  1.    it  is  altogether^falfe 

*  and  Icandalous.     Upon  Sir  William  E-vedale's  Re- 

*  turn  from  York,  he  came  into  the  Houfe,  and  fat 

*  there  without  any   Queftion  ;    fome  Time  after, 

*  he  had    Leave  to  retire   himfelf  into  the  Coun- 

*  try  ;    and  at  his  Return  to  London,  near  two  Years 
4  after,    the    Difpute  grew   about    his  Admittance 

*  into    the   Houfe ;    and    he  was    admitted   into  it 

*  upon   a  folemn   and   ferious  Debate,   without  the 
'  Motion  or  Procurement    cf  Mr.  Nicholl  \  which 

*  AdmHSon,  if  undue,  is  a  Charge  againft  the  whole 

*  Hcufe,   not  Mr.   Nicholl.     True  it  is,   that  when 

*  Sir  Wiliam  Uvcddc  was  at   York,   and  Treafurer 
4  of  the  Army  there,  Mr.   Nicholl  (having  an  Af- 
'  figi  m^nt  made  him  by  his  Brother  Captain  Hnm- 
'  p'jry  NictioH,   to  receive  an  Arrear  cue  to  him  for 

*  hs   Service   in   the    North,)   wrote    to   Sir  J¥il- 

*  liam  Uvcdcdc  to   fend    him   that  Mon"y  ;    whcre- 
'  upon  Sir  William  Uvedale,  when  he  came  to  Lon- 
'  don,  fent  him  a  Sum  of  Money  as  an  Arrear  due 

:•  *  to  his  Brother  j  but  whether  lo  much  as  is  ipcci- 

of    ENGLAND.  .153 

"  fied  in  the  Article,  he  knows  not,  by  reafon  his  An.  23  Car.  I , 

*  Papers  and  Accounts  of  that  Bufmefs  are  not   in  t ' 

*  Town. 

'  As  for  Mr.  NichoWs  receiving  of  Rewards  j  he 
•'  challenges  all  his  Accufers,  (many  of  them  having 

*  had  Occafion  to  ufe  his  poor  Service)  and  all  others, 

*  to  prove  him  guilty  of  receiving  the  leaft  Reward 
'  for  any   thing  done  by  him  in  difcharging  of  his 
'  public  Truft. 

'  And  whereas  it  is  charged,  That  he  difcwered 
c  a  Defign  for  the  fearching  of  Greenwich  -  Houfe  ; 
'  he  faith,  That  about  Midnight,  in  Auguft,  as  he 

*  takes  it,   1 642,  there  came  an  Officer,  with  feme 

*  Soldiers  to  his  Lodging,  and  brought  with  them 

*  a  Warrant  for  him  to  fign   for.  their  fearching  of 

*  Greenwich- Houfe ;  which  Warrant  he  fign'd,  and 
'  by  the  fame  Officer,  he  fent  three  Lines,  written 
'  on  an  open  Paper,  to  a  Noble  Lady  who  lodged 
'  in  the  Houfe,  that  fhe  fhould  not  be  frighted  with 
'  the  Coming  of   Soldiers  in  fuch  an   unfeafonable 

*  Hour ;    which    Lady    was    no    Servant   of   the 
'  Queen's,    but  one  who  had   given  a  clear  De- 
'  monftration  of  her  Affection  to  the  Public,  by  a 
'  large  voluntary  Contribution   upon  the  Propofi- 
'  tions  of  Money  and  Plate :  So  that  he  hopes  this 

*  will  not  be  thought  a  Fault  to  fend  an  open  Paper 

*  to  a  Perfon  of  that  Quality,  for  .fuch  Purpofe,  by 
'  the  fame  Officer  that  was  to  put  the   Defign  in 

*  Execution. 

'  As  to  the  23d,  24th,  and  25th  Articles,  which 
4  waire  themfelves  in  a  Scandal  touching  Mr.  Long 
1  alone  ;  for  a  printed  Imputation  of  Cowardice, 

*  Covftoufnefsy  and   Treachery,  where  no    particular 

*  Perfon  appears  to  avouch  the  Truth,   or  give  Sa- 

*  tisfa£lion  for  the  Falfhood  of  fuch  an  AHertton, 

*  no  better  Name  can  be  given  ;  yet  he,  to  give  the 
4  World  a  T-afte  of  what  Truth  they  may  expe£t 

*  in  the  reft,  returns 'unto  thefe  three  this  Anfwer, 
4  That  howbeit   his   Education  had  not  much  ac- 
4  cjuainted  him  with  Military  Employments  before 

*  the  late   unhappy  Wars, -which  he   thinkerh  to 
•  ^  be  the  Cafe  of  many  v,  ho  now  reckon  well  of 

4  their 

*54  tte  Parliamentary  HISTO'RY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  their  Abilities  in  that  Profeflion;  yet  (through 

.    *6*7'  __,    *  the   Invitation  of  his  Excellency  the  late  Lord 

TV  ~"     *  General  the  Earl  of  Effex^  and    the  Committee 

*  for  the  Safety  of  the  Kingdom,  who  thought  it  of 

*  fome  Importance  at  that  Time  to  intereft  Perfons 
'  of  Eftate  and  Relations,  tho'  not  bred  Soldiers, 

*  in  that  Employment)   he  did   accept  the  Com- 
4  mand  of  a  Troop  of  Horfe  under  his  Excellency, 

*  the  greateft  Part  whereof  were  raifed  by  himfelf 

*  and  his  Friends  ;  and,  in  the  Head  of  that  Troop, 
4  be  charged  at  Edge-Hill,  in  the  Regiment  then  un- 

*  der  the  Command  of  Sir  William  Balfour^  which 

*  was  the  firft  that  brake  into  the  Enemy ;  in  which 
«  Charge  he  loft  his  Horfe,  and,  being  left  dif- 
'  mounted,  did  yet,   with  his  fingle  Piftol  in  his 
'  Hand,  give  Quarter  to  feveral  of  the  Enemy  ; 

•  *  and   was    then,    by    Capt.   Harcmtrty    Quarter- 

*  Mafter  of  his  Troop,  remounted  ;  continued  out 

*  the  Service  of  that  Day  and  the  next,  and  was 

*  one  of  the  laft  Troops  that  brought  away  the  Am- 

*  munition  ;    a  Thing  haply  not  known   to  them 
'  who  gave  the  Information  for  this  Article,  feeing 

*  it  was  the  ill  Hap  of  fome  Commanders  that  Day 

*  to  make  an  over-hafty  Retreat;  and  of  fome  others, 

*  of  no  little  Eminency,  now,  never  to  come  there ; 

*  much  lefs  to  charge,  though  they  quartered  very 

*  near  the  Field. 

'  When  the  unexpected  Skirmifti  at  Brentford 

*  happened,  his  Troop,  as  the  greateft  Part  of  the 

*  Army  befides,  was  difperfed  ;  but  fo  foon  as  he 

*  could  get  it  together,  he  went  thither  and  ftayed 
'  there  till  the  Bufmefs  was  at  an  End  :  {hortly 

*  after,  his  Troop  being  to  march   towards  Briflil^ 
6  where  fome  of  his  Fellow-Captains,  v/hofe  Ex- 

*  perience  he   thought  as  little  as    his  own,    re- 

*  ceived  fudden  and  great  Commands,  he  declined 

*  that  Service  uuder  them,  and   intented  to  return 

*  to  his  other  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons ;  but  fome 

*  Difaftedions  and  Backvvardnefs  to  contribute  to 
'  the  Public  Service  appearing  in  fome  Perfons  of 

*  Quality   in  the   County   of  EJJex^    he  was,    by 
c  Commiilion  from  his  Excellency  the  Earl  of  Ef- 


of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  155 

*  fat   Commanded   thither,    and    authorized,  with  An'  -3  Car.  I. 

*  other  Gentlemen  of  that  and  the  Counties  of   t    l6*7'  J 
c  Hertford  and  "Bedford^   to  raife  Horfe,  Arms,  &c.         july 

*  upon   fuch    as    had    not   contributed  j    touching 

*  which  Employment,  without  drawing  the  Parti- 
4  culars  into  a  long  Difcourfe,  he  faith,  That  he 
4  a&ed  nothing  without  the  Concurrence  of  two 
4  Gentlemen,  atleafl,  of  his  Fellow-Commiilioners ; 

*  and  thereof,  and  of  what  had  been  raifed  by  them 

*  for  the  Public  Service  under  that  Authority,  he, 

*  long  before  any  Committee  of  Accounts  was  fet- 
4  tied,  did    publifh  the  Particulars    in  Print ;  and 

*  thereof  did,  immediately  after  that  Committee  was 
4  fettled,  give  and   pafs  an  Account  upon  Oath ; 

*  which  Courfe  had  others  taken,  who  have  greater 
e  Accounts    than    thefe,  there   would    haply  have 
e  been  lefs  room  for  this  Accufation :  The  Piun-f- 
4  dering  and  Oppreflion  in  the  Article  mentioned, 
4  he   reckons   as  odious  as  it  is  an  untrue  Sug- 

*  geftion. 

*  As  for  Mr.   Thomas  Manwsod  in  the  Article 

*  mentioned ;    he  much  doubteth  whether  there  be 

*  any  fuch  Man  refiding  in  the  County  of  EJfix  j 

*  fure  he  is  that  no  Protection  from  the  then  Lord 
4  General's  Excellency  was  difrcfpected  by  him  j 

*  and  upon  the  beft  Enquiry  Mr.  Long  can  make, 

*  the    Perfon  intended   by    Mr.  Thomas   Manivosd 

*  is  no  way  eminent  for  his  good  Affection  ;  and 

*  what  was  done  towards  him  was  well  warranted 
'  by  the  Commiflion   under  which  Mr.  Long  and 

*  thofe  other  Gentlemen  of  that  County  were  em- 

*  ployed  ;  and  nothing,    by  Countenance  of  that 

*  Authority,  was  converted  to  Mr.  Long's  private 

*  Advantage:  And   fo  little  hath  the  Humour  of 
4  Covetoufnefs,    with   which   the  printed   Articles 

*  charge  him,  prevailed,  that  there  will  be  nothing 

*  found  in  his  Accounts   to  be  demanded   for  His 
-'  Colonel's   Pay  j  ?.n  Omiilion   of  which  he  dares 

*  undertake  to  excuie  them  that  are  rnoft  willing  to 

*  sccufe  him. 

1  The  Damages  fuftaincd  by  Mr.   Long?    (not 

*  pretended,  but  real)   mentioned  in  the  twenty- 

I  •  fourth 

1 56  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  c  fourth  Article,  to  be  the  Inducement  of  that  Fa- 

, \     ''   M    ~c  vour  conferred  upon  him  by  the  Chancery~Offic€ 

July.          '  were  Under-Confiderations  ;  and,  together  with 

*  his  four   Years  Imprifonment   and  Sufferance  for 
•           '  his  public  Service  in  former  Parliaments,  weighed 

'  by  the  Wifdom  of  that  Houfe  and  his  Capability 
4  to  execute  that  Place,  (ufually  difcharged  by  ab}e 
'  Deputies,  as  now  it  is)  determined  by  that  Judg- 

*  ment  which  he  dares  not,  and  thinks  no  Men  or 
'  Company  without  thefe  Walls  ought,  to  difpute  : 

*  And  therefore  to  that  Quarrel,  more  againil  both 

*  Houfes  than  himfelf,  he  thinks  h'mfelf  bound  to 

*  give,    and   believes    no    wife    honeft    Englijhman 
'  will  expect,  or  well  receive,  any  other  Anfwer. 
'  This  only  he  faith,  That   neither  the  Eminency 

*  nor  Profit  of  the  Office  can  furely  be  the  Caufe, 
. '  that  it  only,  of  all  the  Offices  and  Benefits  ac- 

'  cepted  from  the  Parliament  by  other  Members, 

*  fhould   be  now  fubjecl:  to  Obfervation,  and  made 
'  a.  Matter  of  Charge. 

*  In  Anfwer  to  the  twenty-fifth,  and  perhaps, 

*  for  the  Weight   of   it,   the  laft  Article  in  that 

*  printed  Paper ;  he  faith,  That  if  any  Man  hath, 
'  which  is  not  known  to  him,  feiioufly,  or  in  fcorn, 
'  ufed  that  fcurrilous  Phrafe  of  Parliament  Driver^ 

*  towards  him,  (by  reafon  of  his  more  than  ordi- 
6  nary  Diligence    in    purfuading   and   prefling   his 

*  Fellow   Members  of  the   Honourable   Houfe   of 

*  Commons,  according  to  their  Truft  and   Duty, 
'  to  remain   in  that  Houfe  or  return   to.  it,  when 

*  any    thing  hath  been  in  Debate  j  which,    in  his 
'  Apprehenfion  and  Conference  rcquir'd  their  Judg- 

*  ment,  Wjfdom,  and  Suffrage  there)   he  is  con- 
4  tented  to  own   the  Fa6t,   and  leave  the  Abufe  to 
c  the  Author  :  Any  unlawful  Carriage,  in  that  Par- 
4  ticular,  without  the  Houfe,  he    doth  deny  ;  his 

*  Demeanpr  within  thofe  Walls,  in  that  or  ought 

*  elfe,  no  Man  without  them  ought. to  queftion  or 

*  co:itrol,  or  he   to  give  Account  of.     And,  fora 
'  Clofe,   he  faith,    That  thefe  his  Accufers,   who 
'  have,  againlt  Reafon  «nd  Juflice,  driven  fo  many 
'  Members  out  of  tho  Houfe  at  once,  deferve   the 

4  Name 

-  of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D,  157 

*  Name  of  Parliament-  Driver V  or  Parliament -Hi-  An.  23  Car.  I. 
4  ders,  much  more  than  he  who  defired  only    to.    t  l6*7'   ^ 
4  continue  the  Members  within  the  Houfe  according         juiyt 
4  to  his  own  and  their  Duty. 

*  To  conclude  :  Upon  the  whole  Matter  we 
4  do  fay,  That  it  is  our  Misfortune,  not  our  Mif- 
4  doings,  that  we  ftand  in  this  Matter  accufed. 
4  Power  may  feize  upon  us  and  deftroy  us ;  but 
4  not  Juftice,  we  mean,  the  Juftice  of  Man,  for 
4  and  in  refpect  of  thefe  pretended  Crimes;  not 
4  the  Juftice  of  God,  which  we  tremble  at,  and 
4  fubmit  unto ;  and  fee  it  reach  unto  us,  for  our  Sins, 
4  this  Cup  of  Perfecution  and  Affliction  by  the  Hands 
4  of  Men,  the  Men  of  the  World ;  who  are  them- 
4  felves  but  the  Hand  of  God  to  correct  his  Chil- 
4  dren  for  their  Good  ;  their  Good  in  the  End, 
4  though  for  the  prefent  it  be  grievous  unto  them  ; 
4  and  befall  them  many  Times  occafionally,  and  in 
4  the  Eye  of  Men,  where  they  think  themfelves  to 
4  be  leaft  defervingit,  to  make  them  examine  them- 
4  felves,  and  enquire  where  Man  cannot  come,  into 
4  their  own  Hearts,  to  find  out  the  true  Caufe  which 
4  hath  provoked  their  God  to  afflict  them ;  and  fo 
4  come  to  the  Knowledge  of  thofe  Evils  and  re- 
4  pent  of  them,  which,  otherwife,  would  have 

*  lain  undifcovered,    and,   like  a  fleeping  Serpent, 

*  awaken    afterwards  to    do   them  a  greater  Mif- 
4  chief;    which   is   at   prefent   our  Cafe,   and  we 
4  truft  God  will  give  us   the  Grace  to  make  this 
4  Ufe  of  it  :  For  certainly,  upon  the  ftricteft  Scru- 
4  tiny  of  our  Confciences,   and  Enquiry  into  our 
4  paft  Actions  and   Intentions,  we  cannot  find  we 
'  have  deferved    this  Return  from    any   that   can 
4  pretend   themfelves  to   be   Well-wifhers    to   the 
4  Parliament  and  to  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom. 
4  We  can  fpeak  it  for  a  Truth,  we  are  of  thofe  who 
4  are   peaceable  and  faithful  in   Ifrael :  We  never 
4  fought    great   Things    for    ourfelves  :    We  hay ; 
4  mourned  for  the  Defolations  of  this  Kingdom, 
4  of  three  Kingdoms:    We  have  endeavoured' our 
*  utmoft,  according  to  our  feveral  Talents,  as  it 

4  hath 

158  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  <  nath  pleafed  God  to  enable  us  in  our  feveral  Places 

.    '  *7'    ,    '  and  Callings,  as  Members  of  the  Parliament,  as 

July.        '  Members  of  the  Commonwealth,  to  do  all  we1 

'  could,  to  procure  a  Settlement  in  Church  and 

6  State :  We  have  defired  a  Peace ;  we  have  la- 

'  boured  for  Peace,  and  willingly  have  never  done 

*  the  leaft  Thing  to  keep  it  off :  'We  have  all  of  us 

*  taken  the  Covenant ;  we  dare  not  fay  that  we  have 

*  kept  it  to  God-ward  fo  well  as  we  mould  j  but 

*  we  will  fay,   no  Man  can  lay  the  Breach  of  any 
'  Part  of  it,  as  to  the  King,  Parliament,  or  King- 
'  dom,  to  our  Charge  ;   nor,  we  hope,   ever  fliall « 

*  Nothing  in  this  World  have  we  more  heartily  de- 
'  fired,  than  to  fee  a  happy  and  firm  Reconciliation 
'  between  the  King  and  his  People ;    him  on  his 
'  Throne,  them  in  their  Liberties ;    both  of  them 

*  encompafled  with  Righteoufnefs  and  Peace,  and 

*  glorying  in  the  Parliament,  as  the  Foundation  of 

*  both  their  Happinefs. 

'  Yet  how  we  are  afperfed  and  mifreprefented,  by 
'  feveral  Pamphlets  and  Papers  concerning  us,  and 
c  by  this  printed  Charge,  let  the  World  judge.  We 
'  dare  appeal  even  to  the  Confciences  of  our  Ac- 
6  cufers,  if  they  would  fpeak  out ;  perhaps  with  fome 

*  it  is  in  Truth  our  Crime,  that  they  know  us  to 

*  be  fuch  as  we  are  ;  perhaps  we  ftand  in  the  Way, 
'  and  prevent  fome  deftructive  Defigns,  therefore 

*  we  muft  be  removed  ;  and  that  we  may  ib  be,  we 

*  muft  be  reprefented  to  be  Hinderers  of  Peace, 
'  Obftruclors  of  Juftice,    Invaders  of  the  Liberty 
'  and  Freedom  "of  the  Subject,  Abufers   and  Mif- 

*  leaders  of  the  Parliament  :  In  Sum,  whatfoever  is 
'  amifs  in  the  Kingdom,  we   are  made  the  Caufe, 
'  and  muft  bear  the  Blame  of  it. 

'  Chrijlianos  ad  Ignem  :  What  public  Calamity 

*  foever  befel  in  the  Time  of  the  primitive  Perfecu- 
'  tions,  the  Poor  Chriftians   were  faid  to  be  the 

*  Caufe,  and  muft  be  the  expiatory  Sacrifice  :  But 
'  let  Men  fay  what  they  will,  Eliab  was  never  the 

*  more  the  Troubler  of  Jfrael^  becaufe  he  was  fo 
«  called. 


ofE  N  G  L  A  N.D.  159 

<  We  will  fay  with  Job,  Our  Witnefs  is  in  Hea-  An.  23  Cat. 
'  ven,  and  our   Reward  is  on  High :  This  is  our 
'  Comfort  and   our  Confidence  ;  we  fhall  be  ac- 
'  quitted   before  the  Tribunal  of  Heaven  ;  and  we 

*  truft  in  the  Divine  Protection  to  have  our  Deli- 

*  verance  and  Juftification,  even  here  upon  Earth* 
'  by  the  Judgment  of  Man  ;  that  is,  by  the  Juftice 

*  of  the  Parliament,  notwithftanding  the  Malice  of 

*  all  our  Enemies. 







Members  of  the  Honourable  Houfe  of  Commons. 
July  20.  Other  Letters  and  Papers  came  to  the 
Lords,   from  their  Commiffioners  rending  with  the 
Army,  which  were  read  as  follows  : 

Reading,  July  19,  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lordjhip, 

'  IT  7  E  made  a  Difpatch  unto  you  laft  Night  very  A  Letter  from 

*  VV    late,  by  the  Poft,   and  gave  you  then  a  ge-  the  P""""*^ 
'  neral  Account  of  our  Proceedings.  indofingfurthw 

'  And,  after  the  reading  of  the  Propofals  mend-  Propofals  from 
'  oned  in  that  Difpatch,  had  fome  Papers  brought 
'  unto  us  by  Sir  Hzrdrefi  Waller  and  other  Officers, 
'  containing  fome  Delires  of  the  Army,  in  order  to 
'  their  prefent  Security  ;  which  Papers,  before  they 
4  were  tranfcribed,  were  fent  for  back  again. 

*  We  expect  the  Return  of  them  this  Day,  and' 

*  fhall  thereupon  tranfmit  them  to  your  Lordfliip 
'  with  all   Speed.     In  the  mean  Time  it  was  held 

*  fit  to  defire  the  Lord  JVharton  to  come  up  to  you, 
'  for  your  more  perfect  Knowledge  in   any  thing 

*  that  may  relate  to  our  former  Difpatches ;  and  that 
'  nothing  may  be  wanting  on  our  Parts,    in  pif- 
'  charge  of  the  Truft  repofed  in  us.     I  am 

Tour  LordflAp's  humble  Servant, 


P:  s. 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

P.  S.  «  Since  the  Writing  of  this  Letter  the  in- 

*  clofed  Paper  hath  been  brought  unto  us  by  fome  of 
4  the    Officers  of  the  Army,    whrch  we  held  our 
4  .Duty  immediately  to  lend  to  you. 

The  further  PROPOSALS  from  the  ARMY,  mentioned 
in  the  foregoing  Letter. 

Reading,  July  21,   1647. 

I.  '  HP  HAT  there  be  an  effeftual  Declaration 

JL     forthwith  publifhed  to  the  whole  Kmg- 

4  dom,    againft  the  inviting,  bringing,  or  coming; 

4  in   of  any   foreign   Forces,    under  any   Pretence 

*  whatfoever. 

II.  '  That  the  Army  maybe  paid  up  equally  with 
4  the  Deferters  thereof,  according  to  the  late  Votes 

*  in  Parliament ;  and  that  the  Army  may  be  forth- 

*  with  put  in  a  conftant  Courfe  of  Pay,   that  they 
'  may  not  be  fo  burdenfome  and  oppreflive  to  the 
4  Country ;    for    the    more    fpeedy    Performance 

*  whereof  we  defire  that  the  Houfe  of  Peers  would 

*  be  pleafed  to  concur  with  the  Dehres  of  the  Houfe 

*  of  Commons  (fo  often  propofed  to  them)  for  the 
'  reviving  the  Committee  of  the  Army ;  that  fo  the 
4  Affeflrnents  and   great  Sums  in  Arrears,  both  in 
c  the  City  and  elfewhere,  may  be,  by  their  En- 

*  deavours,  collected  for  the  fpeedy  and  neceflary 

*  Supply  of  the  Army  ;    and  alfo   that  the  Trea- 

*  furers,  and  the  Committee  at  Weavers- Hall,  may 
4  be  fpeedily  called  to  Account  in  what   Manner, 

*  and  by  what  Warrants,   the  230,0007.  lately  in- 

*  trufted  in  their  Hands,   have  been  in  fo  fhort  a 
4  Time  confumed. 

III.  4  That  the  Militia  of  the  City  of  Lcndcn, 

*  and  the  Committee  of  the   fame,  may  confift  of 

*  fuch  Perfons,  and  fpeedily  be  returned  into  thofe 
4  Hands,  who  formerly,  during  the  worft  of  Times, 
4  have  therein  given  large  Teftimonies  of  their  Fi- 
4  delity  to   the  Parliament  and  Kingdom  ;  which, 
4  befide  the  real  Security  it  will  be  to  the  Parliament 

*  and  Kingdom,  in  preventing  of  Dangers  re-pre- 
4  paring  towards  a  new  War,  would  conduce  fo 

*  much 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  161 

r  much  to  the  removing  of  Jealoufies,  and  give  fuch  An.  43  Car.  r» 

*  Ground  of  Confidence  to  the  Army  as  that  we *647> 

'  might  the  better  difpofe  of  it  to  larger  Quarters,          /,  '~ 
'  in  feveral  Parts,  for  the  Eafe  of  the  Country. 
IV.  c  According  to,  and  in   purfuance  of,  the 

*  Particulars  mentioned  under  the  fifth  Head  of  thd 

*  Reprefentation  of  the  Army,  we  do  earneftly  de-r 

*  fire  that  all   Perfons   imprifoned  in    England  of 
'  Dominion  of  Wales,  not  for  Delinquency  in  re- 

*  lation  to  the  late  War,  but  for  other  Mifdemea- 
'  nors,  and  whofe  Tmprifoninent  is  not  by  the  regu* 
'  lated   Courfe  of  Law,  but  by  Order   of  either 

*  Houfe  of  Parliament,  or  of  Committees  flowing 
'  from  them,  may  be  put  into  a  fpeedy,  equitable, 
'  and   regular  Way  of  Trial  ;  or  if  the  Neeeffity 
'  of  the  fettling  the  general  Affairs  of  the  Kingdom 

*  admit  not  their  prefent  Trial,  then  that  they  may 

*  have  prefent  Liberty,  upon  reafonable  Security  for 
'  their  Appearance  at  a  certain  Day  to  anfwer  what 

*  mail  be  charged  againft  them  in   a  legal  Way  5 
'  and  that  when  they  (hall  be  tried,  if  they  appear 

*  wrongfully  or  unduly  imprifoned,  they  may  have 

*  Reparation  according  to  their  Sufferings. 

'  In  particular  we  defire  this  may  be  done  in 

*  Behalf  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  John  LUburne,  Mr. 
4  Overton,  and  o  hers   in   their  Condition,  impri- 
4  foned  in  and  about  London  (c}.' 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  War. 


A  Copy  of  the  foregoing  Propofals  from  theAr* 
rny  was  alfo  fent  by  them  to  the  City  of  London. 

The  Commons  having  paffed  a  Vote,  on  a  Di- 
4'ifion  of  76  againft  39,  for  putting  all  the  Land 
Forces  in  England,  Wales,  and  the  Ifles,  under  the 
immediate  Command  of  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  \  the 
Lords  this  Day  agreed  to  it. 

The  fame  Day  the  Commons  gave  Leave,  by 
feparate  Votes,  to  each  of  the  Eleven  Members, 

'    (f)  Thefe  were  Anabaptifts,  who  had  been  committtd  by  th«  Par* 
Kament  for  exercifinjjof  tb«ir  Reii^ipn. 

XVI.  '    L  accufed 

1 62  *T he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  car.  I.accufed  by  the  Army,  to  follow  his  own  Occafions ; 
^     *  *7'         and  to  as  many  as  defired  to   go  beyond  the  Seas 
,\  the  Speaker  was  ordered  to  give  PafTes  ;  the  Time 

of  the  faid  Leave  not  to  exceed  fix  Months. 

The  Motives  to  thefe  Refolutions  of  the  Com- 
mons  we  find  thus  fet  down  by  Lord  Holies  him- 
felf,  one  of  the  then  impeached  Members  : 
The  Commons        '  Thefe  Gentlemen  thought  it  beft,  rather  than 
give  Leave  to  the  a  Breach  fhould  be  made  upon  their  Occafion,  that 
EJc»71'!npeach~tnrough  tneir  Sides  the  Parliament  mould  be  ftuck 

ed  Members  to  ,    °  rr  •    _i     j-       r  i 

fce  abfent  fix       to  tne  ver7  Heart,  and   die   for  ever,  to  make   it 
Month*.  their  own  Act  of  forbearing  the  Houfe  :  And  there- 

fore they  told  the  Houfe,  they  faw  they  were  in 
that  Condition  they  could  neither  protect  them  nor 
themfelves ;  that  if  they  would  not  do  as  Acbijb 
did  to  David^  who  bid  him  be  gone  becaufe  the 
Princes  of  the  Pbiltjlines  loved  him  not  ;  yet  that 
they  would,  at  their  humble  Suit  and  Dcfirc,  be 
pleafed  to  give  them  Leave  to  withdraw ;  and  to 
fuch  as  defired  it,  PafTes  to  go  beyond  the  Sea  ; 
which  at  laft  they  did  agree  to,  though  truly  I  mud 
fay,  unwillingly  ;  but  which,  all  faid,  they  looked 
upon  as  a  good  Service  done  to  the  Houfe  for  pre- 
venting greater  Inconveniencies.' 

His  Lordfhip  then  proceeds  to  a  particular  Vin- 
dication of  the  Eleven  Members,  and  recriminates 
the  Charge  upon  their  Accufers  (d).  To  recite 
the  whole  would  be  too  long  for  our  Purpofe,  we 
fhall  therefore  pafs  it  over  with  a  Reference  ;  and 
the  rather,  becaufe  the  Anfwer  of  thefe  Members 
to  the  Charge  againft  them,  as  prefented  in  Form 
to  the  Houfe,  is  already  given  at  large. 

July  22.  This  Day  a  Refolution  of  both  Houfes 
was  paffed,  which  was  in  fome  Sort  an  Anfwer  to 
the  laft  Remonftrance  from  the  Army.  It  was 
debated  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  carried  by 
a  Majority  of  80  againft  68  ;  viz. 

Refohcd^  &c.  *  That  they  do  declare  that 
there  appears  not  to  them  any  Caufe  for  drawing, 
calling,  or  inviting  any  Forces  into  this  Kingdom, 

(</)  Memoirs,  p.  12410  141. 


^ENGLAND.  163 

and  that  they  do  not  intend  any  fuch  Thing  :  And  An-  *3  Car.  I. 
do  further  declare,  That  fuch  Perfon  or  Perfons,  t      l^7'     M 
who  (hall  endeavour  to  invite,  call,  or  draw  in  any        ju£ 
Forces  into  this  Kingdom,  without  the  Authority 
of  both   Houfes  of  Parliament,  are  Traitors,  and 
(hall  fuffer  Punifhment  as  Traitors  to  the  Kingdom. 

July  23.  This  Day  an  Ordinance  patted  both  An  Ordinance 
Houfes  for   the  London  Militia  to  return  into   the  commSerf6 
old  Commiflioners  Hands,  according  to  the  Defire  Of  the  London 
of  the  Army.     This  was  alfo  ftrongly  debated  in  M'ltta,  at  the 
the  lower  Houfe,  but,  on  the  Queftion,  pafled  by  £cr^of 
77  againft46. 

July  24.  A  Meflage  was  brought  from  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  to  acquaint  the  Lords  with  a  printed 
Paper,  which  was  delivered  to  them  in  Form  of  a 
Petition  ;  but,  in  the  Nature  of  it,  is  a  Covenant 
made  by  fome  Perfons,  who  endeavour  to  effecl 
Things  prejudicial  to  the  Parliament:  That  the 
Commons  had  drawn  up  their  Sonfe  of  this  Bufi- 
nefs,  and  defircd  their  Lordfhips  Concurrence.  The 
Petition  was  read  (e}. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORD  MAYOR,  the 
Right  Worjhipful  the  ALDERMEN,  and  COM- 
MON COUNCIL  of  the  City  of  London,  In  the 
Common  or  Guildhall  of  the  City  of  London 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  the  Citizens^  Commander T, 
Officers,  and  Soldiers,  of  the  Trained  Bands  and 
Auxiliaries  \  the  young  Men  and  Apprentices  of  the 
Cities  of  London  and  Weftminfter  ;  Sea  Com- 
manders, Seamen  and  Watermen  ;  together  with 
divers  other  Commanders,  Officers,  and  Soldiers, 
within  the  Line  of  Communication  and  Parijhes  A  Petjt;on  Of  the 
mentioned  in  the  weekly  Bills  of  Mortality ',  Trained  Bands, 

Mariners,  and 

*•      1^"  HAT  your  Petitioners  taking  into  ferious 

'     1.      Confideration  how  Religion,  his  Majefty's  for  the  King's 

*  Honour  and  Safety,  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  comins  to  Loft- 

(.-)  From  the  original  Edition,  printed  by  Robert  Ibbetfon. 

L  2  '  and 

1 64  ^he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  c  and  Liberties  of  the  Subject,  are  at  prefent  greatly 
l647'  '  endangered,  and  likely  to  be  deftroyed  ;  and  alfo 

l^  _j  '  fadly  weighing  with  ourfelves  what  Means  might 

'  likely  prove  the  moft  effectual  to  procure  a  firm 
4  and  lafting  Peace,  without  further  EfFufion  of 
'  Chriftian  Englijh  Blood  ;  have  therefore  entered 
4  into  a  folemn  Engagement,  which  is  hereunto 

*  annexed  ;  and  do  humbly  and  earneftly  defire  that 
'  this  whole  City  may  join  together,  by  all  lawful 

*  poffible  Means,  as  one  Man,  in  hearty  Endea- 

*  vours  for  his  Majefty's  prefent  coming  up  to  his 

*  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  with  Honour,  Safety, 

*  and  Freedom,  and  that  without  the  nearer  Ap- 

*  proach  of  the  Army  :  there  to  confirm  fuchThings 
'  as  he  hath  granted  in  his  Meflage  of  the  I2th  of 

*  May  laft,  in  Anfwer  to  the  Propofitions  of  both 
'  Kingdoms  :  And  that  by  a  Perfonal  Treaty  with 
c  his   two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  the  Commif- 

*  fioners  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  fuch  Things 

*  as  yet  are  in  Difference  may  be  fpeedily  fettled, 
1  and  a  firm   and   lafting  Peace  eftablimed :  All 

*  which  we  defire  may  be  prefented  to  both  Houfes 
'  of  Parliament  from  this  Honourable  Aflembly. 

And  we  jhall  pray,  &c. 

The  Paper  annexed  to  the  foregoing  Petition 
ftands  thus  in  the  Commons  Journals :  But  the  Pe- 
tition itfelf  is  not  entered  there. 

A  SOLEMN  ENGAGEMENT  of  the  Citizens,  Com- 
manders, Officers,  and  Soldiers,  of  the  Trained 
Bands  and  Auxiliaries  ;  the  young  Men  and  Ap- 
prentices of  the  Cities  of  London  and  Weftmin- 
fter ;  Sea  Commanders,  Seamen  and  Watermen  ; 
together  with  divers  other  Commanders,  Officers, 
and  Soldiers,  within  the  Lines  of  Communication, 
and  Parifhes  mentioned  in  the  weekly  Bills  of 

And  their  En-     «  \T7HEREAS  we  have  entered  into  a  Solemn 

SuTpurofc       '  League  and  Covenant,  for  Reformation  and 

'  Defence    of  Religion,    the  Honour  and   Happr- 

*  nefs  of  the  King,  ajid  the  Peace  and  Safety  of 

4  the 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  165 

*  the   three    Kingdoms   of  England,  Scotland,  and  An.  a3  Car.  I. 

*  Ireland ;  all  which  we  do  evidently  perceive  not 

*  only  to  be  endangered,  but  ready  to  be  deftroyed  : 

*  We  do  therefore,  in  Purfuance  of  our  faid  Co- 

*  venant,  Oath  of  Allegiance,  Oath  of  every  Free- 
4  man  of  the  Cities  of  London  and  Wejlmlnjier,  and 

*  Proteftation,  folemnly  engage  ourfelves,  and  vow 

*  unto  Almighty  God,  that  we  will,  to  the  ut- 

*  moft  of  our  Power,  cordially  endeavour  that  his 

*  Majefty  may  fpeedily  come  to  his  two  Houfes  of 

*  Parliament  with  Honour,  Safety,  and  Freedom, 
4  and  that  without  the   nearer   Approach  of   the 
£  Army  ;  there  to  confirm  fuch  Things  as  he  hath 
'  granted  in  his  Meflage  of  the  I2th  of  May  laft, 
4  in  Anfwer  to  the  Propofitions    of  both   King- 

*  doms ;  and  that,  hy  a  Perfonal  Treaty  with  his 
4  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  the  Commiflion- 

*  ers  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  fuch  Things  as 
4  are  yet  in  Difference  may  be  fpeedily  fettled,  and 

*  a  firm  and  lafting  Peace  eftablifhed. 

*  For  effecting  whereof,  we  do  proteft  and  re- 
4  oblige  ourfelves,  as  in  the  Prefence  of  God,  the 

*  Searcher  of  all  Hearts,  with  our  Lives  and  For- 
4  tunes,  to  endeavour  what  in   us  lies,  to  preferve 
4  and  defend  his  Majefty's  Royal  Perfon  and  Au- 
4  thority,  the  Privileges  of  Parliament,  and  Liber- 

*  ties  of  the   Subject,  in  their  full    and   conftant 
4  Freedom  ;  the  Cities  of  London  and  Weftmmjler, 
4  Lines   of   Communication,    and   Parifhes  men- 
4  tioned  in  the  weekly  Bills  of  Mortality,  and   all 
'  others  that  {hall  adhere  with  us  to  the  laid  Cove- 
e  nant,  Oath  of  Allegiance,  Oath  of  every  Free- 

*  man  of  London  and  Wejiminjier,  and  Proteftation  : 

*  Nor  {hall  we,  by  any  Means,  admit,  fuffer,  or 

*  endure,  any  kind  of  Neutrality  in  this  common 

*  Caufe  of  God,  the  King,  and  Kingdoms,  as  we 
'  do  expect  the  Blefiing  of  Almighty  God,  whofe 
'  Help  we   crave,    and  wholly  devolve    ourfelves 
'  upon,  in  this  our  Undertaking.' 

A  Depofition  or  two   were  then  taken   by  the 

jLords,    which   teftified,    that  many  Officers  and 

L  3  young 

1 66  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a^  Car.  I.  young  Men  were  feen  going  into  Skinner's- Hall  to 
fign  this  Petition  :  That  very  many  Copies  were 
fent  abroad,  whereby  it  was  fuppofed  they  might 
get  many  Thoufands  to  under-write  it  in  a  very 
fhort  Time  :  On  which  the  Commons  had  fent 
up  the  following  Declaration,  which  was  read  and 
agreed  to  by  the  Lords  ;  and  fent  with  an  Order  to 
the  Lord  Mayor  and  Sheriffs,  to  be  forthwith  read 
and  published,  by  Beat  of  Drum  and  Sound  of 
Trumpet,  <m  the  Cities  of  London  and  Waftmlnjler^ 
and  within  the  Lines  of  Communication  ;  and  af- 
terwards to  be  fent  all  over  the  Kingdom. 

;  THE  L?rp    *"d. Commons  having   <*»   » 

Prrfons  as  fhall         •*•      printed  Paper,  intituled,  A  Petition  to  the 

joi    therein,  to  <  Right    Honourable    the    Lord   Mayor,    the   Right 

be  Traitors.         t  Jfarjhipful  the  Aldermen,  and  Commons  of  the  City 

'  of  London,  in  the  Common  or  Guildhall  of  the 

*  City  of  London,  affembled,    under  the  Name  of 
'  divers  Citizens,  Commanders,  Officers,  and  Sol- 
'  diers  of  the  Train'd  Bands,  Auxiliaries  and  others ; 

*  young  Men  and  Apprentices  ;  Sea-Commanders, 

*  Seamen,  and  Watermen  ;  together  with  a  dan- 
'  gerous  Engagement  of  the  fame  Perfons,  by  Oath 
c  and  Vow,  concerning  the  King's  prefent  Coming 

*  to   the    Parliament,    upon   Terms    far   different 

*  from  thofe  which  both  Houfes,  after  mature  De- 
1  liberation,  have  declared  to  be  neceflary   for  the 

*  Good  and  Safety  of  this  Kingdom  ;  cafting  Re- 

*  flections   upon  the  Proceedings  both  of  the  Par- 
«  liament  and  Army,  and  tending  to  the  embroil- 

*  ing  the  Kingdom  in  a  new  War  :  And   the  faid 

*  Lords  and  Commons  taking  Notice  of  great  En- 

*  deavours  ufed,  by  divers  ill-affected  Perfons,  to 

*  procure  Subfcriptions  thereunto,  whereby  well- 

*  meaning   People   may    be    milled  ;  do    therefore 
?  declare,    That  whofoever,    after  Publication  or 
4  Notice   hereof,    (hall    proceed   in,    or   promote, 
c  or   fet  his  Name   to,  or  give  Confent  that   his 
4  Name  be   fet  unto,  or  any  Way  join  in  the  faid 
'  Engagement,  fhall  be  deemed  and  adjudged  guilty 
4  of   Hio-h   Trcafon,    and    fhall    forfeit   Life    and 

«  Edate 

^ENGLAND.  167 

«  Eftate  as  in  Cafes  of  Hi^h  Treafon  is  accuf-  An.  ,,  Car.  I. 

The  Commons  ordered  a  Company  of  Foot  and 
a  Troop  of  Horfe  to  attend  their  Houfe  the  next 
Day  as  a  Guard. 

The  fame  Day  a  Letter  from  the  Commiffioners 
in  the  Army,  with  divers  Papers  inclofed,  was 
read  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords. 

For  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  M  AN  c  H  ESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

Aylejbury,  July  23,  \  647, 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lord/hip,         Nine  at  Night. 
'  *\7"Efterday  the  Head-quarters  were  removed  *  Letter  ft*m 
c     JL    unto  this  Place,  and  are  To-morrow  to  beJ^J^r 
«  at  Bedford.     Since  our  laft  Difpatch  unto  you,  Army,  with  fe- 
4  we  have  obferved   that  the  Army  hath  been  in  |  Papef*  re" 
c  very  frequent  Confutations  about  the  expedi!ingfor'egojn0gEn_ 
4  the  Particulars  which   they  have  to  propound,  ing*gemcnt. 
4  reference  to  a  general  Settlement  ;  and  therein, 

*  as  we  hear,  have  made  fome  Progrefs  ;  but,  fince 

*  their  Coming  to  this  Town,   they  have  received 

*  Information,  which  they  give  good  Credit  unto, 

*  of  fome  dangerous  Contrivance  fet  on  Foot  in  the 
4  City  of  London,  under  Pretence  of  a  Petition  and 

*  Solemn  Engagement  of  the  Citizens,  Command- 

*  ers,  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  the  Train'd  Bands  ; 
4  the  Auxiliaries  the  young  Men  and  Apprentices 

*  of  the  Cities   of  London  and   Wejlminjler  ;  Sea- 
4  Commanders,  Seamen  and  Watermen  ;  together 

*  with   divers   other    Commanders,    Officers,    and 

*  Soldiers  within  the  Lines   of   Communication  ; 

*  tending  very  much,  as  is  conceived  by  the  Army, 

*  to  the  kindling  of  a  new  War,  and  thereupon 

*  they  have  thought  fit  to  deliver  in  one  Paper  unto 

*  us,  and  another  unto  the  Committee   of  Com- 
4  mon  Council   reiiding  here  ;  the  Copies  of  both 
4  which,  together  with  the  Petition  and  Engage- 

*  ment  itfelf,  and  the  Information  thay  have  recei- 

L  4  4  vcd 

1 6  8  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  as  Car.  I.  e  ved  of  the  fame,  we  held   it  our  Duty  immedi* 
«  ately  to  fend  unto  your  Lordfhip,  being  very  ap*- 

*  prehenfive  of  the  ill  Effects  that  Things  of  this 
'  Nature  may  produce  in  the  Minds  of  the  Army, 

*  if  not  timely   prevented    and  remedied  by   the 
'  Wifdom  of  Parliament ;  of  this  the  Committee 
'  of  the  Common  Council  refiding  here  are  fo  fen- 

*  fible,  that  they  are  gone  up  with   all   Speed  to 

*  London^  to  give   the  City  a  clear  Reprefentation 
e  of  thefe  Affairs,  and  what  Operation  it  is  like  to 
6  have  here.     We  have  no  more  to  add,  but  that 

*  we  are 

Tour  Lord/hip's  humble  Servant s, 


Next  were  read  Copies  of  the  two  Papers  men- 
tioned in  the  foregoing  Letter  :  And  firft 

The  PAPER  delivered  to  the  COMMISSIONERS  of 
PARLIAMENT  from  the  General  and  his  Council 
of  War. 

Ajleflury,  July  23,  1647, 
My  Lords  and  Gentlemen^ 

*  VT/F-  received  this  inclofcd  Paper  the  lad  Night, 
'   W    from 'the  Hands    of  a  very  wellr affected 
«  Citizen  :  It  was  delivered  him  by  an  Officer  of 

*  the  City   Militia,  who,  being  invited  to    meet 

*  fome  Citizens  at  Skinners-Hall^  upon   Wednesday 
c  laft,  with  divers  others,  to  fign  the  fame,  and 

*  offering  to  difpute  againft  the  Matter  of.  it,  and 
'  to  fhew  how  dangerous  and  illegal  it  was,,  was 

*  filenced  j  and  told,  that  it  was  not  to  be  difputed, 
'  but  to  be  flgned  and  joined  in,  there  being  divers 

*  Citizens  and  others,  at  the  fame  Place  for  that 

*  Purpofe  ;  which,  when  he  underftood,  he  took 

*  this  printed  Copy  away  with  him. 

'  By  the  Contents  of  which,  when  you  read  it, 

*  you  will   eafily  perceive  what  it   tends  to,  and 
c  how  defperate  and  dangerous  it  is,  to  the  Hazard 

*  of  the  whole  Kingdom,  and  to  fruftrate  all  thofc 

<  Endeavours 

^ENGLAND.  169 

*  Endeavours  of  the  Parliament,   the  Army,  and  An«  23  Car- 

*  Kingdom,  for  an  happy  Settlement ;  and  likewife 

*  to  precipitate  all  into  a  new  and  bloody  War.        jul 

*  We  cannot  therefore  but  acquaint  you  that  we 
'  look  on  this   as  a  Bufmefs  fet  on  Foot  by  the 
c  Malice   of  fome   defperately-minded   Men;   this 

*  being  their  laft  Engine  for  the  putting  all  into 

*  Confufion,  when  they  could  not  accomplifh  their 
'  wicked  Ends  by  other  Means. 

'  To  this  End  have  all  fecret  Liftings  tended ;  and 
'  we  wifh  that  needlefs  and  fuperfluous  Lifting  of 

*  Auxiliaries,  and  Connivance  at  the  Continuance 
'  of  the  Refonnadoes  about  the  Cities  of  London 
I  and  IVeJlmlnJler^  have  not  all  had  the  fame  Aim. 
'  And  by  this  we  hope  it  will  appear,  that  our  Jea- 

*  loufies  and  Fears  of  fome  fuch  defperate  Defign 

*  to  be  hatched  in  and  about  the  City,  considering 

*  the  Temper  of  Men  there,  have  not  been  ground- 

*  lefs ;  nor  our  Defires  to  draw  near  the  City  of 
'  London  with  the  Army,  to  difappoint  and  break 

*  all  fuch  Plots,  and  to   free  the  Parliament  from 
'  the  Violence  of  them,  have  not  been  without  juft 

*  Caufe  :    And   we  defire   all  indifferent  Men  to 
'  judge,  whether  our  withdrawing  from  the  City, 

*  in  Obedience  to  the  Parliament's  Commands,  was 
'  for  theirs  and   the  Kingdom's  Security  or  not. 

*  We  wonder  that  divers  Men  did  calumniate  at 

*  our  marching  fo  near  the  City,  and  put  fo  bad 
'  Reprefentations  upon  it,  as  that  it  tended  to  force 

*  the   Parliament,  or  to  plunder  the  City  j  feeing 
'  our  doing  fo  was  to  break  that  black  Defign  which 
'  now  begins  to  fhew  itfelf  in  its   own  Colours  : 

*  Whereas  indeed  our  Confciences  witnefs  with  us 

*  that  our  Aims  were  clear  and  honeft,  tending  to 
'  reftore  the  Parliament  unto  its  juft  Liberty,  which 
'  was  much  abated  in  the  Eyes  of  all  the  Kingdom ; 

*  and  no  doubt  by  the  Authors  and  Contrivers  of 
'  this  new  Covenant  and  Engagement,  fome  where- 

*  of  have  been  fo  far  from  alHfting  to  put  the  Re-* 
'  formadoes  and  other  dangerous  Perfons  out  of  the 

*  Lines,  that  now  they  are  called  in  to  join  in  this 
'•  Confpiracy. 

«  We 

1 70  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.        «  \Ve  intreat  you  to  give  the  Parliament  a  full 

LU  *  4^ ,     *  Reprefentation  of  thcfe  Things  ;  which  that  you 

July.-         *  may  do,  we   have  fent  you   the  Papers,  together 
4  with  fuch  Informations  as  may  give  them  an  Op- 

*  portunity  to  difcover  the  Bottom  of  this  Bufmefs. 

*  We  were  marching  from  London^  when  we  re- 

*  ceived  this  Information,  in  Obedience  to  the  Par- 

*  liament,  to  give  the  City  more  Content,  and  to 

*  ftop  the  Mouths  of  Slanderers.     But  if  fuch  De- 

*  figns,  fo  deftrucHve  to  the  Parliament  and    the 

*  Work  in  Hand,  be  fuffered  to  go  on  ;  or  that  the 

*  Parliament  be  interrupted  in  the  Freedom  of  their 

*  Debates  and  Proceedings,    (as  we  hear  within. 
'  thefe  few  Days  they  were,  by  thofe  that  are  in- 

*  vited  to  partake  of  this  Confederacy)  what  muft 

*  be  the  Confequence  ? 

*  We  beg  it  of  the  Parliament,  as  they  tender 
'  their  own  Safety,  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  and 

*  preventing  of  a  fecond  War  -,  as  they  would  not 
'  have  the  Kingdom  lofe  the  Fruit  and  Benefit   of 

*  all  the  Blood  that  hath  been  fpilt,  and  Treafure 
4  that  hath    been   fpent   in   this  Caufe ;  that  they 

*  would  not  fuffer  their  Freedom  and  Liberty  to 

*  be  indangered   by  fuch   Defigns  as  thcfe  ;  they 

*  having  an  Army,  which,  by  the  Bleffing  of  God, 

*  in  fpight  of  all  that  their  and  the  Kingdom's  Ene- 
'  mies  can  do,  will  ftand  and  fall  with  them ;   be 

*  firm,  faithful,  and  obedient  to  them  in  all  Things ; 
'  and  as  ready  to  relieve  Ireland  when  the  Peace  and 
'  Rights  of  this  Kingdom  are  fettled. 

*  We  write  not  this  to  defire  the  Parliament  to 

*  invite  us  to  march  up  to  them ;  we  care  not  how 
'  great  a  Diftance  we  are  from  London,  if  it  be 

*  the  Parliament's  Pleafure  and  confifts  with  their 

*  Security,    and    the   breaking   off  thofe  Combi- 
'  nations  which  are  hatched  in  the  Bowels  of  that 
«  City. 

*  We  are  haftening  our  Propofals  which  are  for 
'  the  general  Settlement,  and  which  we  are  confi- 
'  dent  will  fatisfy  all   that  love  Peace  and  Truth  : 

*  But  we  Tee  plainly  we  need  more  to  intend  our 
'  own  Security,  than  have  Caufe  to  expe&  to  bring 

*  Things 

of   ENGLAND.  171 

*  Things  to  a  happy  Iflue,  by  Treaty,  while  fuch  An-  *3  Car- 1. 
'  Defigns  are  on  Foot.     We  pray  you,  therefore,  L     \ 647' 

*  that  the  Parliament  would  fpeedily  and  thoroughly          July"""" 

*  enquire  into,  and  break  thefe  Defigns  ;  wherein, 

*  as  in  all  Things  elfe,  we  fhall  be  ready  to  ferve 
'  them,  as  they  (hall  judge  it  needful,  and  when 
'  they  (hall  command  us. 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  Wrar, 

JO.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

The  P  A  P  E  R  fent  from  the  GENERAL,  &c.  to  the 
Committee  of  the  Common  Council  of  London. 

Ayleflury,  July  23,    1647. 
'  D  Y  a  printed  Paper  come  to  our  Hands,  a  Copy 

*  whereof  you  receive  herewith,  you  will  ftill 

*  find,  and  clearly  and  evidently  perceive,  that  fome 

*  evil  Spirits  within  the  City  of  London,  malicioufly 

*  difafFecSred  to  the  Peace  of  this  Kingdom,  do,  fe- 
4  cretly  and  malicioufly,  endeavour  to  bring  about 
'  that  Mifchief  upon  the  Kingdom,  which  we  have 
'  fo  much  feated,  and  by  all  our  feveral  Addrefles 

*  to  you  fought  to  prevent ;  which   indeed  are  of 
'  that  dangerous  Confequence,  as   we  can  expe<5l 
4  no  other  Iflue  from  than  the  unavoidable  engage- 
4  ing  the  Kingdom  in  a  fecond  War,  if  not  timely 

*  and   effectually   prevented  by  your  Wifdom  and 
4  Diligence.     We  muft  further  obferve  unto  you, 

*  that  whatfoever  Defign  is  intended  in  the  afore- 
4  faid  Paper,  is   contrary  to  the  Authority  of  Par- 
4  liament,  and  in  direct  Oppofition  to  the  Proceed- 
4  ings  of  the  Army  ;   (which  the  two  Houfes  have 
4  owned  as  theirs,  and  approved  of  their  Fidelity, 

*  by   committing  the  Forces   of  the   Kingdom  of 
4  England^    Dominion   of   Wales,    and    Iflands   of 
4  Guernfty  and  Jerfcy  unto  the  General's  Care  and 
'  Command)  and  therefore  cannot  be  effected  but 

*  by  Force   of  Arms   againft  the  Parliament  and 

*  their  Army  ;  which,  in  all  Probability,  may  in-- 

'  volve 

1 72  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  *3  Car.  I.  «  volve  the  whole  Kingdom  m  Blood,  but  muft  ne- 
l647-  «  cefiarily  begin  within  your  Bowels,  and  draw  the 
,f  "  '  Seat  and  State  of  War  upon  you  and  your  City. 

'  Alfo  we  defire  you  would  confider,  whether  we 
4  have  not  juft  Caufe  to  fufpect  that  an  evil  Party 
4  lurks  within  the  City,  ready  to  diftemper  it  and 
4  the  whole  Kingdom,  upon  every  Occafion  j  and 
'  whether  it  be   probable  fuch  Perfons  dcfire  an 
4  happy  Clofe  between  the  King  and  Parliament, 
4  (at  lead  fuch  as  will  be  for  the  Kingdom's  Good) 
4  when  they  take  upon  them  the  Boldnefs  to  make 
4  new  Offers  to  his  Majefty,  with  folemn  Engage- 
4  ments  to  make  good   the  fame,  during  the  Time 
4  that  the  Parliament  had  given  us  Leave  to  make 
4  Tender  of,  and  treat  with  their  Commiflioners 
4  about,  thofe  Things  which  tend  to  a  general  Set- 
*  tlement :  And  therefore  we  cannot  but  defire  that 
4  you  would  take  a  fpeedy  Courfe  timely  to  fupprefs 
4  this  great  Evil,  and  to  prevent  all  of  this  Nature 
4  for  the  future,  by  making  Examples  of  fome  of 
4  thofe  who  have  been  active  to  carry  on  thisBufmefs. 
4  We  have  not  had  Time  to  enquire  into  Particu- 
4  lars,  but  fhall  give  you  only  one  Inftance  of  a 
4  Meeting  at  Skinners-Hall  concerning  this  Bufi- 
4  nefs  ;  where  fome  Perfons  have  been  very  active, 
4  the  Names   of  fome  of  whom  we   have  given  to 
*  your  Commiflioners,  and  alfo  the  Names  of  other 
4  Citizens  who  will  teftify  their  Carriage  there. 

4  Laftly,  we  cannot  but  defire  you  to  concur 
4  with  us  in  our  Defires  to  the  Parliament,  to  put 
4  the  Militia  into  the  Hands  of  thofe  that  had  it 
«  before  ;  without  which  we  can  have  no  Aflurance 
4  that  the  City  will  be  free  from  Defigns  of  this 
'  Nature,  nor  can  we  expect  to  fee  a  happy  Clofe.* 

Signed  by  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Tho- 
mas Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War^ 

JOHN  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

The  Petition  and  Engagement  mentioned  in  the 
two  laft  Letters  we  have  already  given  :  But  it 
Way  be  neceflary  to  obferve  that  General  Fairfax 


^ENGLAND.  173 

hereupon  ifiued  an  Order  to  the  Chief  Officers  of  An.  23  Car.  r. 
his  Army,  to  expunge  the  Names  of  all  Cavaliers  I<?47>  t 
eut  of  their  Mufter  Rolls.  T^T 

July  26.  This  Day  the  Houfe  of  Commons  feem,  Great  Numbers 
by  their  Journals,  to  have  been  in  great  Aeita-  °JL  Apprentices 

•  T-"   n  /•>   j  i         i  »  r        i_       afTemble  r.bout 

tion  :  rirft,  an  Order  was   made  that  no  Member  t^e  Houfe  of 
fhould  go  out  of  the  Houfe  without  Leave.    Then  Commons  in  a 
Sir  Robert  Pye  was  appointed  to  go  to  the  Houfe riotous  Manner- 
of  Lords,  and  defire  them  to  fit  a  while.     Next, 
the  Houfe  being  informed  that  divers  young  Men 
and  Apprentices  were  at  the  Door,  to  prefent  a  Pe- 
tition, two  Members  were  ordered  to  go  out  and 
receive  it  from  them.     But  they,  returning,  ac- 
quainted the  Houfe   that  the  young  Men   defired 
that  fome  of  themfelves  might  be  admitted  to  pre- 
fent it :  Upon  which  they  were  called  in,  and  pre- 
fented  a  Petition,  ftyled,  The  bumble  Deferes  of  the 
Citizens,    Commanders,  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  the 
Trained  Bands  and  Auxiliaries  ;  the  young  Men  and 
Apprentices  of  the  Cities  of  London  and  Weftmin- 
fter  ;  Sea-Commanders,  Seamen  and  Watermen;  to- 
gether with  other  Commanders,  Officers  and  Soldiers, 
within    the    Lines    of  Communication   and  Bills  of    ' 
Mortality.     The  Petitioners  being  withdrawn,  the, 
Petition  was  read,  but  no  further  Notice  taken  of 
it :  However,  we  may   fuppofe  they  ftaid   for  an 
Anfwer ;  for,  a  while  after,  the  Houfe  wanting  to 
divide  on  a  Queftion,    they  could  not  do  it,  by 
reafon,  as  the  Journal  exprefles,  the  Multitude  and 
Tumult  was  fo  great  at  the  Door  of  the  Houfe, 
which  by  no  Perfuafion  they  would  quit,  that  the 
Lobby  could  not  be  cleared  for  the  Purpofe. 

Mr.  JPhitlocke  carries  this  Matter  ftill  higher 
than  the  Journals  :  He  fays,  '  That  the  Appren- 
tices, and  many  other  rude  Boys  and  mean  Fel- 
lows amongft  them,  came  into  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons with  their  Hats  on  :  kept  the  Door  open,  • 
and  called  out  as  they  ftood,  -vote,  vote  ;  and  adds, 
that  in  this  arrogant  Manner  they  ftood  till  the 
.Votes  had  paJTed  for  repealing  the  Ordinance  for 

Memorials,  p.  263. 

2  changing 

Petitions  for  re- 
voking the  late 
Ordinance  for 
changing  the 
of  the  London 

The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  d  R  Y 

changing  the  Militia,  and  the  Declaration  of  both 
Houfes  of  the  24th. 

Before  the  above  Petition  was  prefented,  another 
had  been  delivered  to  both  Houfes  from  the  Lord 
Mayor,  Aldermen,  &c.  of  the  City  of  London  ;  to 
\vhich  were  annexed  two  more  that  Court  had  re- 
ceived from  the  Citizens.  Thefe,  with  the  Humble 
Defires  of  the  young  Men,  &c.  as  before-mentioned, 
we  here  give  altogether  for  better  Connection  : 
Obferving  only,  that  the  latter,  as  it  (lands  in  the 
Lords  'Journals^  (though  introduced  as  it  were  in 
the  Name  of  all  the  Inhabitants  of  London,  Wejl- 
minjier,  and  their  Suburbs)  is  figned  only  by  fix 
Perfons,  feemingly  but  of  inferior  Degree. 

To  the  Honourable  the  Houfe  of  COMMONS  affembled 
in  the  High  Court  of  Parliament, 

Tfie  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  the  Lord  Mayor,  Al- 
dertnen,  and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London,  in 
Common  Council  ajjcmbled  (e), 

Humbly  Sheweth, 

1~HAT  the  Petitioners  have,  by  an  Ordinance 
of  Parliament,  dated  the  23d  prefent,  ta- 
ken Notice  of  the  Pleafure  of  both  Houfes,  for 
conftituting  a  new  Committee  for  the  Militia  of 
the  City  of  London  and  the  Liberties  thereof,  and 
of  all  other  Places  within  the  Lines  of  Commu- 
nication, and  the  weekly  Bills  of  Mortality,  and 
for  determining  a  former  Ordinance  for  the  Mi- 
litia of  this  City,  &c.  dated  the  4th  Day  of  May 
laft  ;  which  being  taken  into  ferious  Confidera- 
tion,  the  Petitioners  could  not  but  at  firft  call  to 
Mind,  how  far  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  had 
formerly  honoured  the  City,  when  they  firft  efta- 
blifhed  the  Committee  for  the  Militia,  and  fmce 
enlarged  or  altered  the  fame,  to  take  the  Senfe 
of  this  Court  before  they  finally  refolved  there- 
upon ;  which  Confidence  the  Petitioners  are  not 
confcious  to  themfelves  to  have  forfeited.  And 

(<•)  From  the  Original  Edition,  printed  by  Rictard  Cotct,  Printec 
to  the  Honourable  City  of  London-)  164^. 

c/EN  GLAND.  175 

fc  next,  being  fenfible,  by  two  Petitions  prefented  to  An-  23  Ca 
'  this  Court   (the  Copies    whereof  are   annexed,  ^      *  *7' 

*  the  one  intituled,  The  humble  Petition  of  divers 

*  well-affefted  Citizens  of  the  City  of  London  ;  and 
'  the   other   intituled,  The  bundle  Petition   of  di- 
4  vers  young  Men,   Citizens,  and  others,  Apprentices 

*  of  this  City}  what  a  general  Diftemper  this  fud- 
c  den  Change  hath  already  made,  and  may  further 
'  raife  in  this   City ;  befides  that  hereby  the  City 

*  is  for  the  prefent  put  out  of  all  regular  Pofture  of 
'  Defence  : 

'  The  Petitioners  could  not  but  return  unto  this 
'  Honourable  Houfe,  and  humbly  and  earneftly 
'  pray,  That  the  Militia,  which  was  eftablifhed  by 

*  Ordinance  of  the  4th   of  May  laft  as  aforefaid,. 
c  and  then  ordered  to  continue  for  one  whole  Year, 
c  may  be  re-eftablifhed,  that  fo  the  prefent  Fears 

*  and  Diftempers  in  the  City  may  be  difperfed  and 
'  appeafed ;  vvhereunto  as  the  Petitioners  humbly 
'  conceive  this  to  be  the  only  prefent  fafe  Means, 
'  next    under  the  mighty  Hand  of  God,  fo  they 
'  will  not  doubt  but  that  the  faid  Militia,  as  hitherto 
4  they    have  done,  will,  in    all  Things,    perform 

*  their  Duties  according  to  their  Truft. 

And  the  Petitioners  Jhall  pray,  &c. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Mayor,  the  Right 
JJ^orJhipful  the  Aldermen,  and  Commons  of  the 
City  of  London,  in  Common  Council  affembled, 

Tlje  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  diven  well-affe£led 
Citizens  of  the  City  of  London, 


THAT  whereas  we  have  lifted  up  our  Hands 
to  the  High  God,  for  the  Reformation  and 
Defence  of  Religion,  his  Majefty's  juft  Power  and 
Authority,  the  Liberties  of  the  Subject,  and  the 
Privileges  of  Parliament ;  and  ferioufly  confider- 
ing  the  late  Tranfa&ions  to  violate  all  thefe,  and 
to  weaken  the  Zeal  and  Forvvardnefs  of  this  City 
and  this  Honourable  Court,  in  Maintenance  of 

«  the 

1  76  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  the  fame,  by  endeavouring  to  remove  the  prefent 

v  _         ^j   4  Militia,  confirmed  by  Authority  of  a  free  Parlia- 

July.         '  ment  for  a  Year,  and  made  Choice  of  by  this 

*  Honourable  Court  : 

*  In  this  Strait  and  Exigency  we  are  bold,  in  all 
4  Humility,  yet  with  all  Earncftnefs,  to  pray,That 

*  this   Honourable  Court   would  fadly    weigh   the 
'  prefent  Dangers  :  And    as  in   former  Times  it 
4  hath  been  your  Honour  to  be  inftrumental  for  the 

*  Prefervation  of  this  miferable  and  dying  King- 
4  dom,  by  the  Interpofition  of  your  Courage,  Power, 

*  and  Wifdom  in  a  Time  of  Need  ;  fo  you  would 

*  not  fuffer  it  to  be  buried  in  perpetual  Oblivion 
4  and  Reproach,  by  yielding  up  that  Militia,  which, 
4  by  the  good  Providence  of  God  and  the  Authority 

*          *  of  a  free  Parliament,  hath  been  inverted  in  your 

*  Hands  ;  the  only  vifible  Means  under  God,  we 

*  have  now  left  for  the  Security  of  our  Religion, 

*  Lives,  and  Liberties, 

And  we  fiall  pray,  &c. 

TO  the  Right  Honourable  the  Lord  Mayor  ,  the  Right 
Worjhipful  the  Aldermen,  and  the  Worjhipful  the 
Commons,  in  Common  Council  ajfcmbled, 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION   of  divers  young 

Citizens  and  others,  Apprentices  of  this  Honourable 

Humbly  Jheweth, 

«  T"1  HAT  your  Petitioners  being  fadly  affected 
4    *    with  the  Diftrac~tions  of  thefe  Times,  where  - 

•  in  divers  difcontented  Perfons,  for   the  Advance- 
e  ment  of   their   own    Interefts,    labour   to    fow 
4  new  Seeds  of  Divifion  and  Difcord  ampngft  us, 
c  whereby  Incendiaries  are  encouraged  ;  the  Well- 
4  affected  difcountenanced  ;  the  Privileges   of  Par- 
1  liament   violated  j  the   public  Worfhip    of  God 
c  flighted  ;  the  Liberties  and  Properties  of  the  faith- 

*  ful   Subjects  of  this  Kingdom,  and  efpecially  of 
4  this  City  much  endangered  ;  and  the  long-deiired 
4  End  of  thefe  Troubles    (by  bis  Majefty's  gra- 

'*  cious 

of  E  N  G  L  A  N  IX  177 

clous  Compliance  with,  and  his  fafe  and  honoii-  An.  43  Car.  I. 
rable  Return  to  his  Parliament)  which  we  hoped  ^__  ^ 
was  almoft  obtained,  now  retarded,  and  for  pre-  ~~jjy7*" 
fent  altogether  fruftrated ;  have  prefented  their 
humble  Petition  to  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  a 
Copy  whereof  is  hereunto  annexed,  the  which 
they  have  thought  it  their  Duty  like  wife  to  ten- 
der unto  this  Honourable  Court ;  being  confi- 
dent that,  as  their  Defires,  in  thefe  their  humble 
Addrefles,  arife  from  no  other  Ends  whatfoeverj 
but  the  Glory  of  God  and  the  Difcharge  of  their 
Confciences,  in  purfuance  of  that  Solemn  League 
and  Covenant  which  lies  upon  them,  to  endea- 
vour to  their  utmoji,  in  their  Places  and  Callings^ 
to  nfe  all  lawful  Ifays  and  Means*  for  the  Main- 
tenance of  thfir  jujl  Rights  and  Privileges  of  Par- 
liament^ lately  fo  much  violated  ;  the  Preferva- 
tion  and  Defence  of  his  Mcjejlys  Royal  Perfcn  and 
Autharity^  together  with  the  true  Religion  an  ft 
Liberties  of  this  Kingdom^  and  for  the  Difcoverj 
and  bringing  to  condign  Punijhment  all  evil  Inftru- 
mtnts  wbatfoever,  which  labour,  by  fomenting 
groundlefs  Fears  and  Jealoufies,  to  divide  and 
make  Parties  amongft  the  People,  thereby  to  retard 
the  Settlement  of  Church  and  State  ;  fo  we  doubt 
not  but  this  Honourable  Court  (who  have  been 
inftrumental  to  invite  us}  both  by  Example  and 
Perfuafion,  according  to  feveral  Ordinances  and 
Declarations  of  Parliament  (a)^  to  engage  our- 
lelves  to  the  Profecution  of  the  faid  Ends,  wherein 
you  have  already  done  very  much,  to  your  everlafl- 
ing  Praife  and  Commendation)  will  ftill  with  all 
Reality,  Conftancy  and  undaunted  Magnanimity, 
purfue  the  fame  ;  and  likew.fe  encourage  all  thofe 
that  fhall,  according  to  their  Duty,  labour  to  pro- 
mote the  fame  Ends  :  Wherefore  we  humbly 
pray,  That  this  Honourable  Court  would  be 
pleafed  to  ufe  their  utmoft  Endeavours,  by  their 
Addrefles  to  the  Parliament,  and  otherwife  as 
VOL.  XVI.  M  «  they, 

fa.)  Declaration  to  the  Kingdom,  July  15,  1643*     An  Ordinance 
for  S:r  Fairfax,  July  15,  1644. 

Nctet  in  tbt  Original  Editicni 

1 78  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  they,  in  their  Wifdoms,  (hall  think  fit,  for  the 
^    l647;    t     '  furthering  of  your  Petitioners  Defires,    contained 
juj£ '  in  the  above  mentioned  Petition. 

*  We  cannot  likewife  but,  with  all  Thankfulntfs, 

*  take  Notice  of  what  this  Honourable   City  hath 

*  dene,  for  the  putting  in  Execution  of  feveral  Or- 
'  dinances  of  Parliament  (£J,  That  none  be  put  into 

*  any  Place  of  Truft,  either  in  Church  or  Common- 

*  wealth,  but  fuch  as  have  taken,  and   now  ftand 
'  well-affected   to  the  Covenant,  to  which  we  arc 

*  confident  that  you  will  ftill  adhere. 

*  And  whereas  there  have  been  and  ftill  arc  feveral 
4  factious  Perfons,  who  ftile  themfelves  the  Well- 
4  affected  of  this  City,  (though  unworthy  of  that 

*  Name)  who  labour  to  traduce  the  Actions  thereof, 

*  thereby  to  bring  an   Odium  upon  it,  and  to  lay 
<  it  open  to  their  Malice  :  A  frefh  Inftance  whereof, 

*  we  have,  in  a  late  Petition,  prefented  to  the  Par- 
4  liament,  pretended  to  be  the  Petition  of  the  young 

*  Men  and  Apprentices  of  this  City  ;  as  likewife  by' 

*  a  Petition  pretended  to  be  prefented  to  Sir  Thomas 
4  Fairfax,  the  which  we  are  ready  to  produce,  and 
'  refer  the  Confideration  of  them  to  this  Honourable 

*  Court.     And  further  pray,  That  as  both  the  Mi- 
4  litia  of  this  City  hath  been  legally  chofen  by  this 

*  Honourable  Court,    according  to  Ordinance  of 
'  Parliament,    and    the   Common  Council    legally 

*  chofen   by  the  feveral   Wards  according  to  the 
4  antient  Cuftom  of  this  City,  you  would  be  pleafed 
4  to  retain  the  fame  Power  both  Civil  and  Military 
4  in  your  own  Hands. 

'  And  that  you  would  be  pleafed  (for  the  Pre- 

*  vention  of  the  many  imminent  Dangers,  to  which 

*  this  City  may  be  liable,  by  reafon  of  thefe  Di- 
4  fractions)    to    take    fuch   effectual    and     fpeedy 
4  Courfe  for  the  Safeguard  and   Defence  thereof  ; 
c  that  the  Fear,  either   of  any   Mutiny  within  or 

*  of  any  unwarrantable  Power    from    abroad,  may 
4  in  fome  Meafure  be  taken  away  j  whereby  Trade, 

*  the  main  Support  of  this  City,  no\v  mightily  im- 

*  paired, 

(b)  Ordinance,  Jutit  27,  1643.  —  Ordinance,  AW.  30,  1643. 
Ordinance,  FtA.  2,  1643.  A"«rf«  in  tbc  Original  £dmtn. 

^ENGLAND.  179 

1  paired,  may  be  again  revived  ;  and  the  Franchifes  Aai  23  Car.  i. 
'  and  Liberties  of  this  Honourable  City,  to  which        Ifi47. 
'  we    are  the  apparent  Heirs,    maintained  and  de- 
<  fended. 

'  And  as  your   Petitioners  are  in   Duty  boundj 

*  both  by  that  Relation  which  they  ftand  in  to  this 

*  Honourable  City,  as  alfo  by  that  folemn  Engage - 
'  ment  whereinto  they  have  entered  ;  fo  they  will  be 

*  always  ready  to  hazard  their  Lives  for  the  Defence 

*  thereof  and  not  fuffer  themfelves,  directly  or  in- 
4  dire&lyj  by  any  Terror  or  Perfuafion,  to  be  drawn 
'  from  their  Duty  herein.' 

Tbe  HUMBLE  D  E  si  RE  s  of  the  Citizens,  young 
Men,  and  Apprentices  of  the  City  of  London,  pre- 
fented  to  both  the  Honourable  Houfes  of  Parlia- 
ment, July  26,  1647. 

I.  '  I  T  is  our  humble  Dcfire y  in  regard  Religion,  And  alfo  the  late 
'    1   our  Lives,  Liberties,    and   Eftates    are  fo  Declaration  a- 

*  much  endangered,  and  the  Peace  and  Safety  of  this  $%££?* 

*  City  and  Kingdom,  that  the  pretended  Ordinance 

*  for  the  Change, of  the  Militia  of  the  City  of  Lon- 
c  don  may  be  prefently  repealed  before  the  Rifmg  of 

*  the  Houfes  ;  and  that  former  Ordinance  that  was 

*  conferred   for  a  Year  (/"),   by  a  free  Parliament^ 
'  upon  the  Lor^  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common- 

*  Council,    and  by  them  legally  chofen^    may  be 

*  eftablimed  :  In  which  Regard  we  do  conceive  that 

*  no  Juftice,  though  it  run  in  ever  fo  free  a  Channel, 
'  can  lawfully  difpoflefs  them  of  it,  unlefs  it  fhall  ap- 
'  pear  to  be  abufed,  contrary  to  the  Truft  repofed 

*  in  them. 

II.  '  It  is  likewife  deiired  that  the  City  of  Lon- 
1  don  may  immediately  be  vindicated  againft  a  late 
'  pretended  Declaration  of  both  Houfes,  which 
'•  declares  all  thofe  Traitors,  and  fo  to  forfeit  Life 

*  and  Eftate,  who  fhall,  after  Publication  thereof, 

*  aft  thereupon  to  get  Subfcriptions ;  and  that  the 
'  faid  Declaration  be   now  prefently  reverfed  and 

*  cancelled. 

M  2  III.  «  That 

(f)  M*y  4)  1*47. 


An-  *j  Car.  I* 


Parliamentary  HISTORY 

III.  c  That  both  Houfes  of  Parliament  do  pre- 
fently  make  an  Order,  upon  fome  fpecial  Penalty, 
for  the  calling  in  of  all  their  Members  of  either 
Houfe  to  dicharge  the  Truft  the  Kingdom  has 
repofed  in  them,  efpecially  the  eleven  late  accufed 
Members  againft  whom  there  has  been  nothing 
proved  of  their  Accufation  to  this  Day ;  that  yet 
again  we  may  be  fo  happy  as  to  enjoy  the  healing 
Influence  of  a  full  and  free  Parliament  in  thefe 
diftra&ed  Times. 

*  Thefe  Particulars  we  cannot  but  infift  upon, 
fmce  the  Diffractions  amongft  us  began  to  grow 
fo  high ;  and  the  Honour  and  Privileges  of  Par- 
liament, the  Peace  and  Safety  of  the  City  and 
Kingdom,  are  fo  greatly  violated.' 

We  have  already  given  Mr.  IVhitloctfs  Account 
of  the  Circumftances  attending  the  Prefentment  of 
the  laft  recited  Petition  from  the  Apprentices,  fcfr. 
To  which  Mr.  Ludlow's  (who  was  prefent  in  the 
Houfe  at  that  Time)  will  be  a  proper  Supplement. 
This  Memorialift  (after  giving  a  very  particular 
Account  of  what  had  patted  at  feveral  fruitlefs  pri- 
vate Interviews  between  the  King  and  fome  princi- 
pal Officers  in  the  Army)  writes  thus  (g)  :  <  The 
King  having  bid  Defiance  to  the  Propofals  from 
the  Army,  thought  itneceflary  to  bend  all  his  Force 
againft  them,  and  efpecially  to  ftrengthen  their 
Enemies  in  the  Parliament.  To  this  End  a  Peti- 
tion was  contrived  to  prefs  them  to  a  fpeedy  Agree- 
ment with  the  King,  and  prefented  in  a  moft  tu- 
multuous Manner  by  great  Numbers  of  Appren- 
tices and  Rabble,  back'd  and  encouraged  by  many 
difmifled  and  difafte&ed  Officers  who  joined  with 

«  Whilft  the  two  Houfes  were  in  Debate  what 
Anfwer  to  give  to  this  infolent  Multitude,  fome 
of  them  getting  to  the  Windows  of  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  threw  Stones  in  upon  them  j  and  threat- 
ned  them  with  worfe  Ufage,  unlefs  they  gave  them 

Cg)  Memoirs,  Vol.  I.  p.  195  to  205. 
rol.  V.  p.  K'ttfti. 


See  alfo  Lord  Clarendtr.t 

^ENGLAND.  181 

an  Anfwer  to  their  liking  :  others  knocked  at  the  An.  23  Car.  i. 

Door  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  requiring  to  be  v__         [^ 

admitted  j  but  fome  of  us  with  our  Swords  forced         july> 

them  to  retire  for  the  prefent ;  and  the  Houfe  refol- 

ved  to  rife  without  giving  any  Anfwer,  judging  it 

below    them  to   do    any    Thing    by    Compulfion, 

Whereupon  the  Speaker  went  out  of  the  Houfe, 

but,  being  in  the  Lobby,  was  forced  back  into  the 

Chair  by   the    Violence   of  the  infolent  Rabble  > 

whereof  above  a  thoufand  attended  without  Doors, 

and  about  forty  or  fifty  were  got  into  the  Houfe, 

fo  that  it  was  thought  convenient  to  give  Way  to 

their   Rage ;    and    the    Speaker   demanding,  what 

Queftion  they  defired  to  be  put?  They  anfwered, 

*  That  the  King  {hould  be  defired  to  come  to  Lon- 

'  don  forthwith  j'  which  Queftion  being  put,  they 

were  afked  again,  What  further  they  would  have  ? 

They  faid,  c  That  he  {hould  be  invited  to  come 

c  "with   Honour,   Freedom,    and   Safety  ;'  to  both 

which  I  gave  a  loud   Negative,   and   fome  of  the 

Members   as  loud  an  Affirmative  rather  out  of  a 

prudential   Compliance    than    an  Affection  to  the 

Defign  on  Foot. 

4  By  thefe  Votes,  and  the  coming  down  of  divers 
well-afte&ed  Citizens  to  appeafe  them,  the  Tumult 
was  fomewhat  allayed  ;  and  the  Members  of  Par- 
liament, with  their  Speaker,  pafTed  through  the 
Multitude  fafely.' 

However,  both  Houfes  were  fo  heartily  frighted  J?*  wfhiTch  4the 

.    ,  ,      ,  / .  .     & ,     .    Mob  of  London 

at  being  thus  infulted   and   menaced,  within  their  Apprentice*,  &c. 
own  Walls,  that  they  inftantly  parted  an  Ordinance  force  the  Pariia- 
for  revoking  and  making  void  their  Declaration  of ment  **  re??al< 
'July  24,    whereby  all  Perfons  who  {hould  endea- 
vour to  get  Subfcriptions  to  any  Petition  were  de- 
clared  Traitors ;    and    another    for  annulling  the 
Declaration  of   the»?3d   concerning  the  Militia; 
whereby  the  Ordinance  of  the  4th  of  May  laft  was 
lettered  to  its  former  Force  and  Effect.     And  both 
thefe  Revocations  were  alfo  ordered  to  be  forthwith 
printed  and  publifhed. 

M  3  The 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

A  Letter  from 
the  Commiflion- 
ers  with  the  Ar- 

1  8  2 

a  3  Car.  j.  The  fame  Day,  July  26,  the  following  Letter 
from  the  Parliament's  Commifftoners  refiding  with 

•July.  £ne  Army,  was  read  in  both  Houfes  ;  But  it  is  en-r 
tered  in  the  journals  of  the  Lords  only. 

For  the  Right  Hon.   the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

Bedford^  July  25,    1647, 

Twelve  at  Night. 
May  It  pleafe  your  Lordfoip, 

WE  came  hither  laft  Night,  and  this  Day 
we  received  the  Declaration  of  both  Houfes 
againft  the  late  Petition  and  Engagement,  as 
alfo  the  Ordinance  of  the  23d  for  Change  of  the 
Militia  of  London,  with  an  additional  Power  from 
both  Houfes  for  ourfelves,  concerning  the  Garri- 
fons  and  Forces  of  England  and  for  Relief  of 
Ireland;  with  all  which  we  acquainted  the  Ge- 

*  Late  this  Evening  we  had  Notice  given  us  by 
Lieutenant-General  Cromwell,  Sir  Hardrefs  Thal- 
ler, Col.  Hammond,  and  Col.  Rich,  in  the  Name 
of  his  Excellency,  of  the  good  Refcntment  which 
the  General  and  his  Officers  had  of  what  the 
Houfes  have  been  pleafed  to  do  towards  Satisfac- 
tion of  their  laft  Defires  ;  and  in  particular  of  the 
Senfe  which  the  Parliament  hath  expreflbd  againft 
the  laft  Petition  and  Engagement,  together  with 
the  owning  of  the  Army  :  In  all  which  they  de- 
clare themfelves  to  have  received  much  Satisfac- 
tion. And  becaufe  they  obferve  the  Expectation 
of  the  Parliament  is  very  great  upon  a  fpeedy  Re- 
lief of  Ireland,  and  the  fudden  Difpatch  of  their 
remaining  Defires  in  order  to  a  general  Settle- 
ment j  they  did  further  acquaint  us  from  the  Ge- 
neral, That  as  to  the  firft  of  them,  they  will  be 
ready  To-morrow  to  confider  with  us  about  it, 
and  endeavour  to  promote  that  Service  to  the  ut- 
moft  of  their  Power  ;  and  as  to  the  latter,  they  be- 
lieve they  (hall  be  ready  to  deliver  them  in  unto 
us  by  H'l'dticfday  cf  Tburfday  next,  or  fooner  if 

*  they 

of    E  NG  L  A  N  D.  183 

*  they  can,  and  to  treat  upon  the  fame  with   us  ;  An-  *s  Car.  I. 

*  which  when  they  do,  your  Lordfliip  mall  receive    ,    '  *7_'    t 

*  frequent  Advertifement  from,  July. 

Tour  Lord/trip's   humble  Servant, 

Upon  the  great  and  momentous  Turn  of  Affairs 
this  Day,  the  Lords  ordered  that  r.ll  their  Members 
fhould  have  Notice  to  attend  the  Houfe  peremp- 
torily, on  Friday  the  30th,  in  the  Morning,  at 
ten  o'Clock  ;  notwithstanding  any  former  Leave 
granted  to  be  abfent :  But  that  the  Commiffioners 
appointed  to  attend  the  King's  Perfon  might 
have  Leave  to  follow  their  own  Occafions  ;  fo  as 
any  three  of  them,  one  to  be  a  Peer,  do  take  their 
Turns  in  that  Service,  as  they  fhall  agree  amongft 

The  next  Day,  fitly  27,  both  Houfes  met,  but 
did  no  Bufmefs,  and  only  adjourned  to  the  30th. 

On   which    Day   the   Members    aflembled,    but  Both  the  Speak- 
neither  of  their  Speakers  attended.  After  much  Time  e,rs  having  left 

f  .-p.          r\      •  f     L.  irr'rrT         i     £he  Houies  on 

fpent  in  Expectation  of  them,  the  Houfe  of  Lords  account  Of  the 
proceeded  to  chufe  the  Lord  Willougbby  of  Parham  late  Tumults, 
in  the  room  of  the  Earl  of  Mancbe/ler :  The  Com-  ?*'™  *r< 
mons  chofe  Henry  Pclham,  Efq  }  a  Counfellor  of 
Lincoln's  Inn,  to  be  their  Speaker  ;  and  we  find,  by 
the  Lords  Journals,  that  he  was  prefented  to  that 
Houfe  for  their  Approbation  ;  on  which  he  made  a 
ihort  Speech  to  this  Effect  : 

c  That  the  Knights,  Citizens  and  Burgefles, 
being  in  prefent  Want  of  a  Speaker,  had  made 
Choice  of  fo  bad  a  one  as  himfelf,  and  had  com- 
manded him  to  acquaint  their  Lordfhips  with  fuch 
their  bad  Choice.'  To  which  the  Speaker  of  the 
Houfe  of  Lords  returned  this  Anfwer,  *  That  their 
Houfe  very  well  approved  the  Choice  which  the 
Commons  had  made ;  he  being  a.  Perfon  of  ftich 
Abilities,  Integrity,  and  Faithfulness  to  the  Parlia- 
ment.' After  which  the  Commons  returned,  with 
M  4  their 

1 84  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ap.  23  Car.  I.  their  Speaker,  to  their  own  Houfe  :  But  their  Pro- 

___,  ceedings,    in   this  extraordinary  AfRiir,  will    beft 

^Jy.         appear  by  the  following  Extraft  from  their  Jour- 

*ials :         Die  Venerh,  July  30,   1647. 

f  A  Ccording  to  the  former  Order  of  Adjourn- 
2\  ment  on  Tuej'day  laft,  divers  Members  of 
the  Houfe  met,  the  Speaker  being  abfent :  After 
long  Expectations,  that  Day,  about  Noon,  the 
Members  prefent  defired  Sir  Walter  £>/*•,  Sir  Ro- 
bert Pyey  Mr.  Gciwm^  and  Mr.  Knightly ',  to  repair 
to  the  Speaker's  Houfe  ;  to  give  him  Notice  of  the 
Meeting  of  the  Houfe,  and  of  the  Time  of  the  Day, 
and  to  defire  his  Attendance. 

'  Return  was  made  about  an  Hour  after,  by 
thefe  Gentlemen,  That  Mr.  Speaker  was  not  to 
be  heard  of:  That  he  had  not  lodged  at  his  own 
Houfe  that  Night ;  but  was  gone  out  of  Town 
Yefterday  Morning. 

'  Thereupon  a  Debate  fell  out,  of  the  Continu- 
ance of  the  Houfe,  and  the  Power  of  the  Houfe  to 
cleft  their  Speaker,  and  the  Neceffity  of  making  a 
Choice  without  Delay. 

'  Two  Minifters  were  fent  for  to  the  Afiembly ; 
^nd  after  Prayers,  Mr.  Henry  Pelham  was  nomi- 
nated Speaker,  and  called  to  the  Chair,  by  a  ge- 
neral Approbation. 

Mr.  Pelbam  firft,  in  his  Place,  excufed  himfelf 
for  his  Inabilities  for  fo  great  a  Charge,  which  would 
not  be  admitted. 

'  Sir  Anthony  Irby  and  Mr.  Richard  Lee  went  tq 
to  the  Place  where  Mr.  Pelham  fat ;  and,  accord- 
ing to  Cuftom,  took  him  by  each  Arm,  and  con- 
ducted him  and  placed  him  in  the  Chair. 

'  Here  again  he  made  his  earneft  Excufes,  which 
n.ot  being  admitted,  he  fubmitted  to  the  Commands 
pf  the  lloufe.' 

The  fame  Day  feveral  more  Letters,  &V.  from  the 
Commiflioners  in  the  Army  were  read  in  the  Houfe 
or  Lords  j  add  relied  to  their  Speaker  : 


of   ENGLAND, 

Bedford*  July  29,  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Lordjhlp* 

'  \\T  E  acquainted  you  by  our  laft,  that  we  were 
c  *»  to  meet  with  the  Commiflioners  of  the 
1  Army  about  the  Relief  of  Ireland.  We  met  ac- 
'  cordingly  on  Monday  laft,  and,  after  a  ferious  p^oKed'ings"^- 
4  Debate  thereupon,  we  thought  fit  to  deliver  in  to  tween  the  Par- 
4  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Army  a  Paper,  con- lia"ent>s  CT" 

•    •  T»    /•  i         r  T^   f  IT-V       miflioners  and 

*  taming  the  Remit  of  our  Deures  upon  that  De-  thofe  of  the  Ar- 

*  bate  had  with  them,  a  Copy  of  which  we  fend  my. 

*  you  here  inclofed. 

'  At  this  Meeting  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Ar- 

*  my  (hewed  very  great  Affection  for  expediting  the 

*  Relief  of  Ireland  as   we  defired,  and  promifed  to 

*  give  us  their  particular  Anfwer  in  Writing  very 
4  fpeedily ;  but  the  unexpected  News  of  Monday's 
(  Work  at  the  Houfes,  and  the  feveral  Rumours 

*  that  h,ourly  follow  thereupon,  have  fo  altered  the 

*  Frame  of  Things  here,  that  as  yet  we  cannot 

*  receive  their  Anfwer  as  we  expected :  We  find 

*  them  now    upon   new  Councils,  having  ordered 
"•  the  contracting  their  Quarters  in  relation  to  their 
f  March  towards  London. 

'  This  Day  the  Head-quarters  remove  to  Leigh~ 
c  ton-Beaudfert,  and,  as  we  hear,  fome  of  the  Army 

*  are  to  be  To-morrow  Night  at  Uxbridge  or  Cole- 

*  brook;  fo  we  reft 

Tour  Lordjhip's  bumble  Servants* 


SIONERS prefented  to  thofe  of  the  ARMY. 

Bedford*  July  26,  1647. 

*  117  Hereas  it  hath  pleafed  both  Houfes  of  Par^ 

*  W    liament  to  put  all  the  Forces,  within  the 
1  Kingdom  of  England  and   Dominion  of  Wales* 

*  under  the  Command  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 

not  only  in  order  to  the  Peace  and  Se- 

*  curity 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'  curity  of  this  Kingdom,  but  for  the  Reducemcnt 
'  of  Ireland.:  We,  according  to   the   Power  lately 
fent  us  from  both  Houfes  to  treat  with  his  Excel- 

*  lency  and  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Army  for  the 
'  prefent  Relief  of  that  poor  Kingdom,  do  defire 

*  that  you  would  take  it  ipeedily  into  your  Confi- 

*  deration  ;  and  that  you  would  declare  what  Num- 

*  ber  of  Horfe  and  Foot  (the  Security  of  this  King- 
4  dom  being  provided  for)  you  conceive  may  be  con- 
'  vcniently  fpared  for  the  Service  of  Ireland. 

'  And  becaufe  we  find,  by  our  Debate  with  you 

*  this  Mornirrg,  it  will  be  neceflary  to  have  a  true 

*  State  of  all  the  Forces  and  Garrifons  within  Ire- 
'  land^  as  well  as  within  this  Kingdom,  before  that 

*  great  Work  can  be,  in  all  Points  conducing  there  - 

*  unto,  fully   refolved  upon  :    We  do  further  defire 

*  (that  no  Time  may  be  loft  for  the  Service  of  that 
'  Kingdom)  an  Anfwer  to  what  is  brought  down 

*  from  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  by  Sir  John  Temple, 

*  concerning  the  Prefervation  of  the  Intereft  of  the 
'Parliament   in  the  Province  of  Le'mjler^  and  the 
'  Relief  of  our  Forces  there  ;  and   that  you  would 
'  take  into  your  fpeedy  Confideration  thefe  Propo- 
'  fitions  annexed,  offered  unto  us  by  Sir  "John  Tem- 

*  fie  and  Sir  Hardrefs  Waller: 

J3y  the  Appointment  of  the  CommtJJioners  of  the  Par- 
liament refiding  with  the  Army^ 


PROPOSITIONS  made  by  Sir  John  Temple  and 
Sir  Hardrefs  Waller,  concerning  the  Belief  of 

I.  *  J  •  %  HAT  it  would  pleafe  his  Excellency  to 
c  JL  take  Order  that,  towards  providing  of  a 
Train  of  Artillery,  (which  they  exceedingly 
want  at  Dublin,  and  deprives  them  of  all  IV^eans 
of  doing  Service)  there  may  be  fent  unto,  the 
Ports  of  B'riJIol  and  CheJIer  four  Pieces  of  Bat- 
tery, ei^ht  Field-Pieces,  one  Mortar -Piece  of  the 

*  largcft 

of    ENGLAND.  187 

*  largeft    Size,    with   Granadoes,    to  be    prefently  An-  23 Car-  !• 
'  tranfported   over  to  Dublin.     Thefe,  with   their  t  ; 

*  Carriages,  to  be  taken  out  of  the  "Garrifons  of         juiy. 

*  Glqucejler,  Brijlol,  Chejler  and  Shrew/bury. 

II.  4  That  the   700  Horfe  which   the  Commit- 

*  tee  at  Derby- Hoitfe  hath  contracted  for  with  Col. 
'  Ponfonby,  there    may  be  added    300  Horfe  more  ; 

*  and  thefe  prefently  difpatched  away  by  exprefs 
4  Orders  from  the  General. 

III.  4  That   the   Regiment  of  Foot  under  the 
4  Command  of  Col.  Birch  may  be  compleated  and 
'  fent  away. 

IV.  c  That  two  Regiments  of  Foot,  under  good 
4  Officers,  may  be  prefently  commanded  away  for 
4  the  Service  of  Dublin.     Thefe  Forces  being  dif- 

*  patched,  they  doubt  not  but  they  will  arrive  Time 
c  enough  not  only  to  preferye  the  Intereft  of  the 
4  Parliament   in   the   Province  of  Leinjler^  until  a 
4  more  confiderable  Army  be  fent  over,  but  that 

*  they  {hall  be  able  to  enlarge  their  Quarters,  and 

*  keep  the  Enemy  at  a  further  Diftance.' 

Another  Letter  from  the  Commiflioners  refiding 
in  the  Army,  addrefled  as  the  laft. 

Lei^bton-Beaudfere^  July  29,   1^4,7  • 

May  it  pkafe  your  Lord/hip, 

*  \\T  E  gave  you  an  Account  from  Bedford^  this 

*  *  *     Day,  of  the  Refolutions  of  the   Army  to 

*  march  towards  London ;  the  Grounds  whereof  are 

*  now  exprefled  by   themfelves,  in  a  Letter  which 
4  we  have  received  from  the  General  fince  we  came 
4  to  this  Place,  together  with  a  Copy  of  his  Excel- 

*  lency's  Letter  fent  upon  this  Occafion  to  thp  Lord 

*  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common-Council  of  the 

*  City  of  London ;   the   Copies  of  both  which  arc 
'  here  inclofed. 

4  The   Head-quarters  move  from  hence,  as  we 
4  hear,   To-morrow  to  IVickbam^   or  thereabouts, 

'  and 

1 8  8  The  Par  Ham  entary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.   <  an(j  fOme   of  the  Army  will   be  nearer  towards 
'  London.     Thus  we  reft 

Your  Lordjhip's  humble  Servants, 


C  o  p  Y  of  the  G  E  N  E  R  A  L'S  L  E  T  T  E  R  to  the  Com- 
mijjionen  of  Parliament. 

Bedford,  July  29,   1647. 
My  Lords  and  Gentlemen, 

General  Fairfax  '  T  T  Aving  refolved  upon  this  inclofed  Difpatch 
wfthTJ w™"?  '  ^"^  for  the  ^'lty  of"  Condon,  I  thought  it  my 
Armyto  Usdon, '  Part  to  fend  you  an  Account  of  it,  and  to  give 
on  Account  of  *  you  all  Aflurance  that  my  Heart  is  deeply  affected 
tb  t  iTo  FtheC  *  w^  *ke  ^ate  Carriages  towards  the  Parliament  j 
Members.  *  an^  however  others  have  neglected  their  Duty 

*  towards  them  for  their  Security  and  Defence,  yet, 
4  as  God  fhall  enable  me,    it  fhall  be  my  Bufmefs 

*  to  improve  all  the  Power  that  is  in  my  Hand  for 
c  the  preferving  of  them  ;   and,  in  them,  the  Inte- 

*  reft  of  this  Nation  :  And  what  Conftrudtion  fo- 
'  ever  fome  formerly  may  have  put  upon  the  Pro- 

*  ceedings  of  this  Army,  I  truft  the  Lord  fhall,  by 

*  his  good  Hand,  lead  us  into  fuch  Actions  as  fhall 

*  witnefs  our  End  arrfwerable  to  all  our  Profeflions, 

*  to  wit,  the  Good  of  the  Kingdom  ;  and  therein 

*  to  be  an  effectual  Saving  of  the  great  and  juft 

*  Authority  of  the  Kingdom  in  the  Parliament.' 

Tour  mojl  ajjured  Friend, 

The  G  E  N  E  R  A  L'J  LETTER  to  the  City  of  London, 
upon  his  Advance  thither,  with  his  Demands. 

Bedford  July  29,  1647. 
My  Lords  and  Gentlemen, 

*  T7  OU  may  pleafe  to  remember  the  forward 
6    j[     Compliance  of  this  Army  with  your  Defire* 
to  remove  to   this  Diftance,   and   that  upon  the 

'  Affurance 

of  E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  189 

*  Aflurance  you  gave  them  of  your  Concurrence  An-  *3  Car<  li 

*  with  their  declared  Defires  for  the  fettling  the  Li-  , l647'     t 

c  berty  and  Peace  of  this  Kingdom,  (againft  which          jujy. 

*  you  never  yet  offered  us  one  Exception,  or  any 

*  Ground  of  Diflent)  as  alfo  of  your  great  Tender- 

*  nefs  and  Refolution  to  fecure  the  Parliament  and 

*  their  Privileges  from  any  Violence  or  Attempt ; 

*  the  chief  Reafon  given  us  of  your  late  lifting  of 
'  new  Forces,  and  wherein  we  did  moft  acquiefce  : 
'  That,  upon  this  Confidence,  we  had  difpofed  of 
'  the  Army  into  feveral  Parts  of  the  Kingdom,  for 

*  the  Eafe  of  the  whole,  fome  of  them  to  above  one 
'  hundred  Miles  Diftance ;  we  had   given   up  our- 

*  felves  to  the  effecting  fuch  Propofals  as  might  tend 
'  to  the  comfortable  Settlement  of  this  poor  King- 
c  dom  ;  and  we  were  in  a  hopeful  Way,  for  a  fpeedy 
«  Relief  of  Ireland. 

*  We  cannot  then  but  be  deeply  fenfible  of  the 
c  unparallel'd  Violation  acted  upon  the  Parliament 
'  on  Monday  laft,  by  a  Multitude  from  your  City  ; 

*  becaufe  therein  the  Guarc^fent  from  the  City  did 

*  not  only  neglect  their  Duty  for  the  Security  of 

*  the    Parliament    from   fuch    Violence,    and    the 
'  whole  City  to  yield  any  Relief  to  the  Houfes  in 

*  that  Extremity,  but  I  am  aflured,  from  Eye  and 

*  Ear  Witnefles,  that  divers  of  the  Common-Coun- 

*  cil  gave  great  Encouragement  to  it  j  which  doth 

*  not  only  gainfay  your    former    Profeffions,   but 
'  does  Violence  to  thofe  many  Obligations  that, 
'  by  your  Charter,  Proteftation,  and  fundry  other 
4  Ways,  laid  upon  you  to  protect  the  Parliament : 
'  For  my  Part,  I  cannot  but  look  on  you,  who  are. 

*  in  Authority,  as  accountable  to  the  Kingdom  for 
'  your  prefent  Interruption  of  that  hopeful  Way 

*  of  Peace  and  Settlement  Things  were  in  for  this 

*  Nation,    and  for  relieving  Ireland;  occafioned  by 

*  a  late  deftructive  Engagement,    efpecially  by  the 
'  latter  prodigious  and  horrid  Force  done  upon  the 
1  Parliament,  tending  to  difiblve  all  Government; 
'  upon  which  Score  we  and  the  whole  Kingdom 

*  (hall  have  Caufe  to  put  every  Thing  of  the  like 

*  Nature,  that  may  happen   to  the  Parliament  or 

2  (  to 

*The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'  to  any  who  are  Friends  to  them  and  this  Army  j 
'  except,  by  your  Wifdom,  Care,  and  Induftry, 
'  the  chief  Adtors  in  the  Premifies  may  be  detect-, 
c  ed,  fecured,  and  given  up  ;  to  the  procuring  of 
'  Juftice  for  the  fame,  and  the  beft  Endeavours 
'  ufed  to  prevent  the  like  for  the  future.  And  fa 
'  I  reft 

Tour  mo  ft  ttjfured  Friend  to  ferve  you, 


Another  Petition  from  the  City  of  London  was 
alfo  this  Day,  July  30,  prefented  to  the  Houfe  of 
Lords  by  the  two  Sheriffs,  and  was  read  as  fol- 
lows : 

To  tJ:e  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  affcmbled  in  thf 
High  Court  of  Parliament^ 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  the  Lord  Mayor^  Alder- 
men and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London,  in  Com- 
mon Council  offefnbled. 

the  City  ef  c  A  Fter  humbly  acknowledging  the  great  Fa-' 
t&ndon  petition  t  £\  vour  of  tn|s  Honourable  Houfe  in  re-efta- 
JtodersToTop  c  blifn!ng  the  Militia  of  the  City  according  to  their 
hjs  March.  '  late  Petition  (whereby  the  Petitioners  are  confident 
4  the  Diftempers  which  they  then  feared  are  wel? 

*  allayed,  and  will  be  wholly  appeafed,-  if  the  Rti- 
-*  mours  of  the  Army's  Advance  towards  the  Citv 
'  do  not  again  ftir  up  the  People  j)  the  Petitioners 
'  are  not  confcious  to  themfelves  of  any    Thing 

*  which  hath   proceeded    from   them,    which  mav 
'  juftly  provoke  the  Army ;  and  therefore  will  leal* 

*  of  all  believe  that  their  late  Infiftirrg  on  the  Mi- 
«  litia  of  this  City  can  be  any  Reafon  thereof;  efpe- 
«  cially  now  that  the  Parliament  hath  declared  them- 
'  felves  therein. 

'  But  whatever  the  Caufe  bej  or  whether  the 

*  Army  march  this  Way  or  not,  yet  that  the  City 

*  may  have  fome  Aflurance,  the  Petitioners  hum- 
'  bly  pray  this  Honourable*  Houfe  fpeedily  to  dif- 

*  patch  their  Pleafure  to  the  Army,    requiring  if 

ofE  N  G  L  A..N  D.  191 

not  to  advance  nearer  the  City  than  30  Miles ;  An-  ~3  Car 
whereby,  as  many  great  Dangers  will  be  avoided, 
and  all  Jealoufies  removed,  fo  the  Petitioners  do, 
in  the  Name  of  the  City,  hereby  promife  that 
there  {hall  be  no  Endeavour  omitted  on  their  Part 
for  the  timely  and  fafe  guarding  of  the  Parlia- 
ment at  all  Times,  and  for  the  effe&ual  fuppref- 
fing  of  all  Violences  and  Tumults  which  (hall  be 
raifed  under  any  Pretence  whatfoever, 

And  the  Petitioners  Jhall  pray,  &c. 


Next,  the  following  Order,  made  by  the  Com- 
mittee of  the  Militia,  was  read  : 

Guildhall,  London^  'July  30,   1647. 

ORDERED,  That  the  Sheriffs  of  the  Ci- 
ty of  London  be  defired,  in  cafe  the  Par- 
liament fit,  to  acquaint  the  Houfes  with  the  Care 
of  this  Committee  to  defend  and  preferve  the 
Parliament  and  this  City  in  Safety  ;  and  that  they, 
feeing  Danger  approaching,  intend  to  frop  and 
fecure  all  Horfes  within  the  Lines  of  Commu- 
nication and  weekly  Bills  of  Mortality,  except 
the  Horfes  of  Market-Folks,  Carriers,  and  others 
that  bring  Trade  and  Provifions  to  the  City  ;  and 
further  to  do  what  fhall  be  neceflary  for  their 
and  the  City's  Safety  ;  and  to  defire  the  Advice 
and  Encouragement  of  both  Houfes  in  their  Pro- 
ceedings, and  to  confer  fuch  further  Addition  of 
Power  upon  this  Committee  as  they  fhall  think 

Th:  Lord?,  aft:r  Debate,  gave  the  Citizens  the 
following  Anlwcr  : 

'  That  they  returned  them  hearty  Thanks  for 
their  continual  Care  of  the  Safety  of  the  Parlia- 
ment, and  did  very  well  approve  of  the  Order 
that  the  Militia  of  the  City  had  lately  taken  ; 
that  the  Lords  will  take  the  reft  of  their  Particu- 

1 9  2  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  *•}  Cu.  I.  Jars  into  fpeedy   Confideration,  and  nothing  (hall 
t    l6*7'    >    be  wanting,  that  in  them  lies,  to  give  all  Further- 
ance for   the  Prefervation  of  the   Parliament   an* 

The  Commons  having  prepared  a  Draught  of  a 
Letter  to  be  fent  to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  with  an 
Order  inclofed,  the  fame  were  read  this  Day  and 
agreed  to  by  the  Lords.  The  Letter  runs  thus : 

x      SIR, 

Both  Houfes      <  '  •  "•  HE  Houfes  have  this  Day  received  from  their 
fend  him  a  t     J[     Commiffioners  a  Copy  of  your  Letter  to 

ter  for tnat  \r  ui>       t  .         .          T»    ?/»     i   cv    >  •  \          r^ 

p0fe.  '  them,  dated  at  Bedford  July  29,  with  a  Copy  oi 

*  another  Letter  of  the  fame  Date,  written  to  the 
'  City  of  London  j  in  both  which  though  there  be 
'  no  Account  at  all  of  the  Motion  of  your  Army, 

*  yet  the  Houfes  underftand  by  the  Letter  from  their 
'  Commiffioners,  in  which  the  faid  Copies  were  in- 

*  clofed,  and  otherwife,  that  you  have  given  Orders 
'  for  the  marching  of  the  Army  towards  London^ 

*  upon  Pretence  of  defending  the  Houfes  from  the 

*  Danger  of  the  Tumults. 

<  Upon  Confideration  hereof  the   Houfes  have 

'  commanded  us  to  let  you  know,   that  as  they 

t  '-cannot  but  have  a  deep  Senfe  of  the  undue  L5- 

*  berty  which    fome  Apprentices  of   the    City    of 

*  London,  and  others,  from  whom  they  might  have 

*  expected  more  Obedience,  have  taken  to  them- 

*  felves  to  violate  the  Juft  Authority,  Privileges  and 

*  Freedom  of  Parliament,  in  which  the  Safety  of 

*  the  whole  Kingdom  is  concerned  ;  fo  they  doubt 

*  not  but  the  Senfe  of  fo  great  an  Offence  will,  at 

*  laft,  ftrike  the  Breaft  of  thofe  that  have  been  ac- 
'  ceflary  thereunto  with  a  Deteftation  of  any  Prac- 

*  tices  of  the  like  Nature  for  the  future  :  And  as 

*  the    Houfes    cannot    imagine  that   the  Diforders 
'  committed  by  fome  Apprentices,  and   thole  that 

*  mingled  with  them  (m)9  had  the  Allowance  of  the 

4  City 

(m)  Some  <jf  the  Independent?  belonging  to  the  Army,  who  wet.- 
mod  bttfy  among  the  unruly  Multitude. 

Holies' t  Memoirs,  p<  145,  el  15  4* 

^ENGLAND.  193 

*  City  of  London  j  fo  they  h;  ve  fmce  received  full  An.  23  car.  r» 

*  Satisfa&ion,  by  the  ftiid}  orders  given  out  by        *^4?- 

*  the  Lord  Mayor  and  Common-Council  of  the         .  j 

*  City,  to  all  Matters  to  have  Care  of  their  Ser- 

*  vanrs;  arid  by  their  Declarations  proclaimed  in 

*  feveral  Parts  of  the  City,  for  the  preventing  and 
'  fuppreffing  of  Tumults,  that  they  (hall  fit  with 
'  much  Freedom  arid   Security 'From  any  t)iftur- 
'  bance  for  the  future. 

1  Therefore  the  Houfes,  feeing   no   Caufe  to 

*  command   that  Army,  or   any   r*art  thereof,  to 
e  march  up  for  their  Defe'hce  ;  but  rather  judging, 
1  by  the  Diftra&ions  raifed  at  the  News  thereof, 

*  that  the  Motions  of  the  Army  hear  the  City  is 
'  like   to  precipitate  the  City  and   Army   into  a 

*  defperate  and   bloody  Engagement,  hot  only  to 

*  the  Difturbance  of  the  Parliament's   Sitting,  but 
'  alfo  to   the  Deftfuclion  thereof,  and  of  all  Au- 

*  thority,  by  carting  the  whole  Kingdom  into  Con- 

*  fufion  :  For  Prevention  thereof  have  fent  you  this 

*  inclofed  Order,  requiring  you,  as  you  tender  the 
1  Freedom  of  Parliament,  the  Safety  of  the  City 
<  and  whole  Kingdom,  to  give  exact  Obedience 
k  thereunto. 

c  This  being  all  we   hive  in   Command,    we 
«  reft,  &V. 

71*  ORDER  inclofed  in  ;tkc  foregoing  Letter. 

'  Ordered^  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  aflemblecl 
in  Parliament,  That  the  General  be  required  not 
to  advance  with  his  Army,  or  any  Part  thereof, 
within  30  Miles  of  London ;  tand  in  cafe  the 
Army,  or  any  Pare  thereof,  be  within  30  Miles, 
that  they  go  back.* 

Notice  being  taken  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  that  The  Hoof*  of 
the  Earls  of  Northumberland,  Kent,   Rutland,  £7.  Lords  require  the 
rum,   Warwick,    Denbigh,    Mancbejler,    Mulgrave 
and   Stamford;    the  Vifcounts   Hereford,  and  5^y 
and   &/* ;  the  Lords  De  la  War,  Dacfet,  North, 
Grey,    Roberts,    Maynard,  Howard,    Herbert,  and 
Bruce,  had  not  attended  according  to  the  Order 

VOL.  XVI.  N  of 

194  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ar..  13  dr.  I.  «f  the  26th  Inftant,  it  was  ordered  that  they  (hould 
v*6*7'    .    have  further  Notice  to  attend  the  Houfe  peremp- 
july<        torily  without  Excufe>  on  the  31  ft,  at  Ten  in  the 
Morning,  notwithfhinding  any  former  Leave  grant- 
ed to  them,  or  any  of  them,  to  be  abfcnt  ;  and 
that  the  Houfe  expected  a  ready  Obedience  to  be 
given  herein. 

«ue  they,  with  The  Abfence  of  thefe  Peers,  and  the  Members 
Commons1  and  °^  ^e  ^ou^"e  or"  Commons,  who  had  at  this  Time 
both  the  Ute  withdrawn  themfelves,  with  their  refpective  Speak- 

th*  €rSl  is  thus  accounted  f°r  bY  Mn  Ludlow  (d}. 

t  •j.jie  next  fyjorn;ng  after  the  Tumult,  I  advifed 

with  Sir  Arthur  Hafelrig  and  others  what  was  fitteft 
to  be  done  in  this  Conjuncture  ;  and  it  was  con- 
cluded that  we  could  not  fit  in  Parliament  with- 
out apparent  Hazard  of  our  Lives,  till  we  had  a 
Guard  for  our  Defence,  it  being  manifeftly  the 
Defign  of  the  other  Party  either  to  drive  us  away, 
or  to  deftroy  us  :  Therefore  we  refolved  to  betake 
ourfelves  to  the  Army  for  Protection,  Sir  Arthur 
Hafelrig  undertaking  to  perfuade  the  Speaker  to  go 
thither,  to  which  he  confented  with  fome  Difficulty } 
and  having  caufed  iooo/.  to  be  thrown  into  his 
Coach,  went  down  to  the  Army,  which  lay  then  at 
Wind  for,  Maidenhead ',  Colebrook,  and  the  adjacent 
Places.  Having  acquainted  as  many  of  our  Friends 
as  I  could,  with  our  Refolution  to  repair  to  the 
Army,  I  wertt  down  ;  and  the  next  Day,  being  the 
fame  to  which  the  Parliament  had  adjourned  them- 
felves, the  Army  rendezvoufed  upon  Hounjlnv 
Heath ;  where  thofe  Members  of  Parliament,  as  well 
Lords  as  Commons,  who  could  not  with  Safety 
ftay  at  IVefimitifter^  appeared  in  the  Head  of  them  ; 
at  which  the  Army  exprefled  great  Joy,  declaring 
themfelves  refolved  to  live  and  die  with  them. 
At  Night  the  Earl  of  Northumberland,  the  Lord 
Say,  the  Lord  Jf^harton,  and  other  Lords,  the 
Speaker  and  Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
aforefaid,  with  Sir  T/iomas  Fairfax,  and  many 
principal  Officers  of  the  Army,  met  at  Stan  Houfe, 


(<9  Memoirs,  Vol.  J. 

•tf   ENGLAND.  19- 

to  confult  what  was  moft  advifeable  to  do  in  that  An.  23  Car.  J. 
Juncture  ;  which  whi'ft  they  were  doing,  an  Ac-         '  647- 
count  was  brought  of  the  Proceedings  of  thofe  at         ,ul 
Wejimlnfter  that  Day,  by  the  Serjeant  of  the  Houfe,      .      . 
who  came  with  his  Mace,  to  the  no  little  Satif- 
fa&ion  of  the  Speaker/ 

But  notwithstanding  the  great  Joy  exprefled   by  Proceedings  of 
the  Army  at  the  Prefence  of  fo  many  Members  of  both  H°U[«J 
both   Houfes   amongft  them,  who,  by   imploring,  "" 

as  it  were,  their  Protection  and  Defence,  muft  add 
greatly  to  their  Reputation ;  thofe  at  (•f/e/iminfterr 
being  fupported  by  the  City  of  London,  and  the 
whole  Force  of  the  Prefbyterian  Interefr,  feemed 
to  fet  their  abfent  Brethren  and  the  Army  at  De- 
fiance: For,  firft,  they  voted,  That  the  Order  of 
the  2Cth  of  this  Month  for  putting  all  the  Land- 
Forces  in  the  Pay  of  the  Parliament  under  the 
Command  of  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  did  not  extend 
to  give  him  any  Power  over  the  Trained  Bands 
or  Garrifons :  That  this  Declaration  Ihould  be 
publifhed,  by  the  Militia  of  the  City  of  London^ 
by  Sound  of  Trumpet ;  and  the  fame  by  the  She- 
riffs in  their  feveral  refpecrive  Counties  in  Eng- 
land. The  Commons  recalled  their  Eleven  Mem- 
bers, impeached  by  the  Army,  to  fit  and  vote  in 
the  Houfe.  The  Committee  of  Safety  were  or- 
dered to  grant  Commiffions  to  all  fuch  Com- 
manders of  Horfe,  Foot,  and  Dragoons,  as  they 
ftiall  think  fit,  for  the  Service  of  the  King,  King- 
dom, Parliament,  City,  and  Safety  thereof,  accor- 
ding to  the  Power  given  them  by  an  Ordinance  of 
Parliament.  The  Matter,  Wardens,  and  Aflift- 
ants  of  the  Trinity  Houfe  were  ordered  to  arm  all 
the  Mariners  and  Seamen  they  could  get.  Accor- 
dingly thefe  and  Numbers  of  Refnrmado  Officers 
and  Soldiers,  CSV.  with  the  City  Militia,  muftered, 
in  St.  James's  Fields  ;  the  Command  of  all  which 
was  given  to  Major-General  MaJ/ey,  and  the  Horfe 
to  Sir  William  Waller.— Befides  all  this, 

July  31,  The  Houfe  of  Lords  fent  down  to  the 

Commons  a  Declaration  concerning   the   King's 

N  2  Coining 

j  96  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  *j  Car.  I.  Coming  to  his  Parliament,  in  which  they  defireif 
t      *647'      ,  their  Concurrence,  in  hac  Verba  : 

ju]y>  '  Whereas  the  King  hath  been  feized  upon,  and 

*  carried   away  from  Holdenby,  without  his  Con- 
Who  defire  the   «  fent,  by  a  Party  into  the  Army,  where  his  Maje- 
King  to  come  to  c  fty  yet  remaineth  ;  the  Lords  and  Commons  in 

''  «  Parliament  aflembled  do  defire  that  his  Majefty 
'  would  be  pleafed  immediately  to  come  to  his  Par- 
'  liament :  And  they  do  declare,  that  he  {hall  be 
'  there  with  Honour,  Freedom,  and  Safety ;  and 

*  that  they,  with  the  Commiflioners  of  the  King- 
'  dom    of    Scotland^    will     make    their    Addreffes 
«  unto  his  Majefty  for  a  fafe  and  well-grounded 
'  Peace.' 

This  Declaration  being  twice  read  by  the  Com- 
mons, was  altered  thus  :  After  the  Word  Confent, 
they  added,  or  the  Confent  of  the  Houfe s  of  Parlia- 
ment ;  and,  inftead  of  to  his  Parliament^  to  fucb 
Place  as  both  Houfet  of  Parliament  Jhould  appoint ; 
and  then  paned  it,  on  the  Queftion,  55  againft  22. 

The  fame  Day  Information  being  given  to  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  that  there  was  a  Declaration 
of  their  late  Speaker,  ((hewing  the  Grounds  and 
Reafons  which  moved  him  to  abfent  himfclf  from 
attending  the  Service  of  that  Houfe  on  Friday) 
then  printing  at  one  Symonds's  Houfe  in  Alderf- 
gate-ftreeti  which,  as  the  Informer  heard,  would 
be  very  dangerous  to  the  Parliament  and  City, 
the  fame  was  read  j  but  we  do  not  find  any  thing 
further  done  upon  it.  As  this  Declaration  fets 
forth,  in  a  moft  particular  Manner,  what  happened 
in  the  Tumult  of  the  26th  \  and  is  not  printed  in 
Mr.  Rufmuorth's  Colletfions,  or  any  of  the  other 
Contemporaries,  we  (hall  give  it  from  the  original 
Edition  ($). 

The  !at«  Spe^"  c  A  Lthough  it  may  haply  be  contrary  to  the 
B^aV^for'iea.  '  ^  Expectation  of  fome,  that  I  attend  not  the 
ving  the  Houfe.  *  Service  of  ihe  Houfe  of  Commons  at  this  Time, 

(gj  IW»«,  printed  by  M.  S.  fi.  e.  Afu  WSywewft]  fl>r  Car  ft 
H'bitington,  1647. 

e/"   ENGLAND.  197 

c  as  I  have  conftantly  done  for  almpft  feven  Years  An.  13  Car.  /. 

*  laft  paft  j  and  yet  can  it  not  be  reasonably  ex-        16^> 
'  pe&ed  by  any  that  well  confiders  the  Violence       "  /  j 

<  offered  to  both  the  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  *' 

*  to  myfelf  in  particular,  on  Monday  ;  in  fo  much 

*  that  I  can   fafely  take  it  upon  my  Conference, 

*  and  fo  I  doubt  not  may  all  the  Members  of  both 

*  Houfes  alfo,  that  they  fat  in  continual  Fear  of 
1  their  Lives  ;  and,  by  Terror  thereof,  were  com- 

*  pelled  to  pafs  fuch  Votes  as  it  pleafed  an  unruly 

*  Multitude  to  force  upon  them  j  which,  as  I  di4 

*  then  openly  declare  in  the  Houfe,  fo  I  cannot  but 

*  believe  that  they  are  void  and  null,  being  extort- 

*  ed  by  Force  and  Violence,  and  in  that"  Manner 

*  that  they  were  5  and  I  cannot  any  longer  difpenfe 
'  with  myfelf  to  be  an  Inftrument  in  patting  fuch 

*  Votes,  or  to  give  any  Colour  or  Shadow  of  Par- 

*  liamentary  Authority  unto  them,  which  are  no$ 

*  the  Votes    of  the   Keprefentative   Body  of    the 
'  Kingdom,  but  of  a  tumultuous  Multitude ;  as 
'  thofe  muft  needs  be  accounted  that   feemed   19 

*  pafs  the  Houfe  on  Monday  laft  j  and  which  fhall 

*  pafs  hereafter,  until  better  Provifion  be  made  for 

*  the  fare  and  free  Sitting  of  the  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

*  ment  ;  there  feeing  no  effectual  Courfe  taken  by 
'  the  City  fince  the  laft  Adjournment  of  the  Houfes 
'  to  prevent  the  like  Tumult  for  the  future  j  np 
'  nor  fo  much  a$  a  Declaration  from  them  to  (hew 

*  their  Diflike  thereof;  But,  on  the  contrary,  it  is 
*-  generally  voiced  in  the  Town  that  there  will  be  a 

*  far  greater  Confluence  of  Apprentices,  Reforma- 

*  does,  and  others   on  Friday,  at  the  Parliament 

*  Doors  ;  and,  particularly,  Notice  was  given  to 
'  me,  That  after  they  had  made  the  Houfe  vote 

*  what  they   pleafed,  they  would  deftroy  me.     I 

*  had  likewife  Information  given   me,  that   there 

*  would  be  a  great  Number  of  Apprentices,  of  a 

*  contrary  Opinion  and   Affections   to  the  other, 
'  about  the  Parliament  Doors  on  Friday  Morning^ 

*  which  I  forefaw  muft  of  Neceffity  caufe  a  great 

*  Combuftion,    and,    in    all  Probability,    occafion 

*  much  Bloodflied}  the  preventing  of  which  Mif- 

N  3  '  ciii<..s, 

198  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An  23  Car.  I.  <  chiefs,  together  with  the  Coi.fuleratbn  aforefaid, 

a          r'         '  have    weighed   more   wit  .    me    than    any  thing 

July.          '  which  may  concern  my  own  Particular;  and  efpe- 

'  cially,  having  ferved  the  Houfe  faithfully  and  di- 

'  ligently  for  the  Space  of  very  near  feven  Years, 

'  in  a.  free  and  parliamentary  Way  of  Proceedings, 

*  that  I  might  not  now  be  made  a  Servant  to  fuch 
'  a  Multitude  to  transfer  upon  them  the  Colour  of 

*  Parliamentary   Authority,    therewithal    to   abufe 

*  and  deceive  the  Minds,  and  to  deitroy  the  Lives, 

*  Liberties,  and  Eftates  of  the  People  of  this  King- 

*  dcm  ;  and    having  taken'  a  folemn   Protefta'.ion 
'  ;nd  Covenant  in  my  Place  and  Calling  to  main- 
c  tain  cne  rrivilrges  of  Parliament,  and  the  Rights 

*  and  Liberties  of  the  Subjects,  I  could   not  now 

*  fatisfy    myfelf  but   by  abfeming  myfelf   at    this 
'  Time ;  rather  than,  by  my  Prefence,  to  give  any 

*  Shadow  or  Countenance  of  the  Authority  of  Par- 

*  iiament    to    fuch    apparent    Violations    thereof: 
'  Neither  can  the  Orniffion  of  a  Circumftance  or 

*  fome  formality,    in    the    Adjournment   of    the 
'Houfe  (when/ through   Force  and   Violence,  .it 
'  cannot  meet  and  lit  in  any  Sort  as  a  Parliament) 

*  be  any  Prejudice  to  the  future  Meeting  and  Pro- 

*  ceedings  thereof,  when  it  may  meet  and  fit  again 
'  as  a  free  Parliament  ;  it  being  well  known  that 

*  nothing  can  diflblve  this  Parliament  but  an  Act 
'  of  Parliament. 

'  When -a  Company  of  Apprentices,  Reforma- 
€  does  and  others,  (ball  call  the  Ordinances  of  P..r- 
'  Hament  pretended  Ordinances  ;  (hall  lock  the 
'  Doors  of  the  Hoafes  upon  them  ;  fhall  fwear  not 

*  to  let  them  out  till  they   had    pafled  what   they 
'  pleafed    concerning  the   Militia  of   London   and 
'  other  Things,  though   the  Houfes  had  immedi- 

*  ately  before  voted  otherwife  ;  fhall  threaten  the 

*  HoufeSj  in  cafe  they  did  not  inftantly  fatisfy  their 
'  Demands  ;  (hall  knock  without,  and  hollow  con- 
'  tinually  at  the  Parliament  Doors,  that  the  Mem- 

*  bers  could  not  be    heaid   (peak  or  debate  ;  and 
'  after  that,  the  Houfe   of  Commons  had  pafled  a 

*  Vote  concerning  the  Militia  of  London,  and  that 

«  the 

cf  E  NG  L  AND. 

*  the  Speaker,  by  the  Voice,  had  judged  the  ma- 

*  jor  Part  to  be  for  the  Negative,  {hall  not  fuffer 

*  the  Houfe  to  be  divided  ;  but,  in  a  threatening 

*  Way,  require  thofe  that  would  huve  given  their 
f  Votes  againlt  them  to  confent  to  them  ;  if  when 
?  after  the  Houfe  was  adjourned,    they  (hall,  by 
c  main  Force,  thruft  back  the  Speaker  again  into 

*  the  Houfe,  and  force  the  Members,  in  their  Pre- 

*  fence  and  Si^ht,  (divers  of  them  thrufting  into 
'  the  Houfe)  to  vote  what  they  demanded  j  when 
?  they  {hall  joftle,  pull,  and  hale  the  Speaker  all 

*  the  Way  he  went  down  to  his  Coach,  and  force 

*  him,  to  avoid  their  Violence,  to  betake  himfelf 
'  to  the  next  Coach  he  could  get  into  for  Refuge; 
f  when  they  {hull  breathe  forth  fuch  bloody  Threats 
'  againft  the  Members  as  they  come  forth  of  the 

*  Houfe,  and,  fince,  againft  me  in  particular,  at 

*  the  next  Meeting  of  the  Houfe,  as  I  am  credibly 
'  informed  ;  and  when  there  is  no  Appearance  but 

*  tnat  they  will  continue  to  do  as  formerly  they 

*  have  done,  or  far  worfe,  on  Friday  ;  I  could  not, 

*  in  difcharge  of  my  Truft,  Proteftation,  and  Co- 

*  venant,  fit  in  the  Chair  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons,  whilf^  it  Ihall  be  in  fuch  a  Condition  : 

*  But  fo  foon  as  it  may  fit  again  in  Freedom  and 
4  Safety,  I  (hall  be   ready   to   attend  the    Service 
«  thereof;  but  till  then,  as  I  have,  upon  the  fore- 
4  mentioned  Grounds,  fully  fatisfied  my  own  Con- 

*  fcierice,  fo  I  doubt  not  but  I  fhall  give  the  whole 

*  Kingdom,  whofe  Intereft  is  moft  concerned  in  it, 
«  ample  Satisfaction  in  the  Neceflity  of  my  Ab- 
'  fence.  LENTHALLj 

Notwithftanding  the  high  Expreffions  of  Re- 
fentment  in  the  foregoing  Declaration,  we  are  in- 
formed by  an  Hiftorian  of  thefe  Times,  and  a 
Member  of  this  Parliament,  Clement  Walker^ 
?^li  (0»  '.  That  the  Day  after  the  Commons  had 
N  4  '  adjourned, 

(/)  1T>t  Hiftery  of  Independency,  printed  in  1648,  under  »he  Nama 
»f  Theodora:    Vtrax\  but    aftenvards   reprinted  by   R.    Royflin,    in 

a66i,  with  the  Author's  own  Name,  and  continued  to.  the  Reftors- 
tion  by  another  Hand,  p.  4 

ico  *Tke  Prfymfni    H  i  s  T  o  %  y 

An.  »s  Car.  I.  adjoumeJ,    being  Wedncfday    the    28th,    and  the 

^  _^t  monthly  Faft,  the  Speaker  and  Members  met  in 

July.          JVeJiminfler  Church  ;  where  the  Speaker  complain- 

cl,  in  Come  Paffion,  to  Sir  Ralph  AJhton,  and  other 

Members,  of  a  fcandalous  Report  raifed  on  him  in 

the  City,  as   if  he  intended  to  defert  the  Houfe, 

and  fly  to  rhe  Army,  faying,  He  /cornet  to  do  fuck 

a  bafe^  iqijuft,  dijhonourable  Aft  ;  but  would  rather 

die  in  bis  Houfe  and  Chair  :  Which  being  fpoken 

Other  Reafom    'n  a  Time  and  Place  of  fo  much  Reverence  ani 

for  it,  as  gnen    Devotion,  made  many  think  his  fecret  Retreat  to 

kythfOonton-  t^e  Army,  the  very  next  Day,  proceeded  not  fo 

fowrj       ters.   muc^  from  hjs  own  Judgment,    as   from   fome 

ft  rr.g  Threats  from  Cromwell  and  Ireton^  (who 

W  re  the  chief  Contrivers  of  this  defperate  Plot  to 

divide  the   City   and   Houfes,    and   bring  up  the 

Army   to  enthrall  thrm   both)  That  if  he  did  not 

comply  with  their  Defires,  they  would  caufe  the  Army 

to  impeach  him  for  coufening  the  State  of  many  vaft 

Sums  of  Money.    And  truly  I  remember  I  have  feen 

ah  intercepted  Letter,  fent  about  *he  Time  of  his 

Flight,  from  the  Army  to  IffUiam  Lenthall,  Speak- 

er, without  any  Name  fubfcrihed  to  it,  only  the 

two  laft  Lines   were  of  John  Ru/hworth's  Hand  ; 

carncftly  importuning  him  to  retire  to  the  Army 

with  his  Friends.' 

This,  laft  Circumftance  of  the  intercepted  Let- 
ter is  confirmed  by  Lord  Holies  (»z),  who  ftiles  the 
Speaker's  withdrawing  himfelf  a  Confpiracy  with 
the  Army,  dtfigntd  and  laid  principally  by  Mr. 
Oliver  M,  John,  the  Soliicitor.  He  adds,  That 
this  Letter  was  remaining  in  one  of  the  Houfes  : 
However,  we  do  not  find  it  in  the  Journals  of 
either  ;  the  Want  of  which  is  eafily  accounted  for 
by  the  Turn  of  Affairs  that  prefently  enfued  in 
favour  of  the  Army. 

To  thefe  Obiervations  of  the  Contemporaries 
we  may  add  one  of  our  own,  That  the  Publiftier 
of  this  Declaration  of  Mr.  Lenthall,  the  Speaker, 
was  alfo  the  PubliOier  of  all  the  Remonftrances 
and  Declarations  of  the  Army  when  near  London  -3 


(m)  Memoin,  p.   147. 

^ENGLAND.  ?ot 

and  reprinted    there  all  fuch  as  were   originally  An.  43  Car.  i. 
printed  at  Cambridge  and  Oxford,  when   the  Army  t     l647- 
rendezvoused  at  Newmarket  and   Reading. — Thus       Au'uft,  ^ 
much  by  wav  of  Illuftration  of  the  extraordinary 
Proceedings  which  now  haften  upon  us. 

Augujl  i.  Though  both  Houfes  fat  this  Day,  be- 
ing Sunday,  yet  pothing  particulai  was  done  but 
what  has 'been  alieady  mentioned.  The  next  Day, 
a  Letter  from  the  Scotj  pommiffioners  was  read  in 
the  Houfe  of  Lords. 

For  the  Right  Honourable  th  SPEAKER  of  the  Houfe 
of  PEERS  pro  Ternpore. 

Worcejler- Houfe,  dug.  r,  1647. 
Right  Honourable, 

*  "TPHE  Committe.e  of  Eftates  of  the  Kingdom  The  Scots  Com- 
«    A    of  S co. land  having  fent  us  frequent  Direc-  ™ifflone«  com- 

r  i     /•    i          r-?  •  •  ,  P'aln  of  an  Infult 

'  tions  fmce  thefe  late  Commotions,  to  give  them  offered  to  the 
'  a  true  Account,  from  Time  to  Time,    of  his  Earl  of  Lauder- 

*  Majefty's  Condition  ;  in  purfuance  thereof  we  JJjj  &c<  b? 

*  defired  the  Earl  of  Lauderdale  to  repair  to  his 

*  Majefty  at  Woburn,  where  we  expedted  that  he 

*  {hould  have  been  ufed  with  that  Refpeft  which 

*  is  due  to  a  Commiffioner  of  the  Parliament  of 
4  Scotland:    But  we   are  herein  extremely   difap- 

*  pointed ;  fo'r  on  Saturday  Morning  early,  before 

*  his  Lordfllip  was  out  of  his  Bed,  a  jjreat  many 
'  Soldiers  ruftied  into  his  Chamber,  and  coming  to 

*  his   Bed-fide,   defired  him  fpeedily   to  be  gone 

*  without  Delay. 

4  He  reprefented  to  them  his  Employment ;  That 
'  he  was  there  in  the  Capacity  of  a  Commiffioner 
4  of  Scotland,  to  attend  his  Majefty  :  That  he  had 

*  refolved  to  go  away  that  Morning;  and  intreated 

*  he  might  have  the  Liberty  firft  to  fpeak  with  his 

*  Majefty,  which  they  would  not  grant ;  but  vio- 
4  lently  infifted,  that  what  they  demanded  might 

*  forthwith  be  put  in  Execution,  and  would  not 

*  hearken  to  any  Reafon  he  offered  unto  them  : 

*  Telling  him  it  was  paft  Difpute  ;  it  was  refolved 

*  upon  3  what  they  dki  herein  would  bfi  owned  by 

202  ^ke  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.  '3  Car.  I.  e  the  Army,  and  they  would  maintain  it ;    with 
*  other  "Expreffions  of  this  Kind.  We  do  acknow- 

Civility  of  the  Commiflioners  of  both 
«  Houfes,  who  ailed  their  Parts  in  difluading  them 

*  from  fo  unwarrantable  an  Action :  And  one  o£ 
«  the  Comrniffioners,  in  particular,  reprefented  un- 

*  to  them  the  Danger  thereof  ;  acquainting  them, 
'  that  he  had  bcvn  an  Ambaflador  abroad,  and  did 

*  very  well   underftand  that  this  Injury  c'c-ne  by 

*  thtm  to  a  Commiffioncr   of  the  Parliament  of 
'  Scotland,  was  of  a  very  high  Nature  ;  intreating, 

*  thp.t  if  they  apprehended   any   thing  from  Scot- 

*  land,  the  Breach  might  not   be  'made  'upon  the 
'  Kingdom  of  England'-*  Parti  and  that  they  would 

*  not  give  juft  Caufe,  by  this  Action,  to  the  King- 

*  dom  of  Scotland,  to  make  War  againft  England:. 

*  But   no  Argument  did  prevail  i  fo  at  length  the 
'  Earl  of  Lauderdale  was  forced  to  depart,  having 

*  publickly  proteflxd,  before  the  Commiflioners  of 
'  both   Houfes,   That  he  was  debarred   Acctfs  to 

*  the  King  of  Scotland,  and  his  Liberty  taken  from 
'  him,  contrary  to  the  Law  of  Nations,  and' a  par- 

*  ticular  Agreement  betwixt  the  Kingdoms. 

*  We  have   formerly  reprefented  unto  the  Ho- 

*  nourable  Houfes,  how  his  Majefty  was   carried 

*  away  from  Holdcnby,  by  a  Party  of  Sir  Thomas 

*  Fairfax's  Anr.y  ;  which  the  Soldiers  before-men- 
4  tioned  did,  on  Saturday   laft,  before  the  Earl  of 

*  Lauderdale   and   fome  of   the  Commiflioners  of 
'  both  Houfes,  own  to  be  the  A&  of  the  whole 

*  Soldiery  of  the  Army.   We  did  likewife  acquaint 
'  the  Houfes,  how  our  Letters  to  Scotland  were  in- 
'  tercepted  by  fome  of  that  Army. 

«  And   now,    to  complete  thefe  Injuries,  they 

*  offered  Violence  to  a  Commiflioner  of  the  Parlia- 

*  ment  of  Scotland,  debarred  him  of  Accefs   to  his 
«  Majefty,  deprived  him  of  his  Liberty,  and  drove 

*  him  away  :  So  that  there  remains   no  Hope  that 
(  there  can  be  Application  made  hereafter  to  his, 
*'  Majefty  from  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland :  Nor  can 

*  we  be  able  to  give  that  Account  of  his  Majefty's 

*  Condition  to  that  Kingdom  which  is  expected 

A  *  from 

ef   ENGLAND. 

*"from  us,  lo  long  as  he  is  in  the  Power  of  th^t  An  23  Car. 
Army.  Wherefore  we  defire  that  the  Houfes  of  <64-7* 
Parliament  will,  in  their  Wifdom,  take  fuch  '"  ^  ftt 
Courfe  herein,  as  Reparation  may  be  made  to 
the  Kingdom  of  Scotland  of  thefe  mulriplied  In- 
juries ;  and  efpecially  of  the  laft  don^  againft  ke 
Perfon  of  a  public  Minifter  of  the  Kingdom  qf 
Scotland,  in  fo  violent  a  Manner.  And  to  the 
end  there  may  he  a  free  and  unreftrained  AppJi* 
cation  to  his  Majefty  from  the  Parliaments  of 
both  Kingdoms,  we  do  earneftly  defire  the  Ho* 
nourabk  Houfes  to  invite  his  Majefty  to  come  to 
London  ;  and  to  declare  that  he  fliafl  be  here  in 
Safety,  Honour,  and  Freedom  j  than  which  we 
fee  no  other  probable  Means,  for  the  prefent,  to 
obtain  a  fafs  and  well-grounded  Peace  ;  and  fa 
we  reft 

Your  Lordjhip's  humble  Servant^ 



Upon  reading  this  Letter  the  Lords  ordered  that 
the  King'a  Children  at  St.  James's  be  removed  into 
the  City,  and  that  the  Lord  Mayor  anJ  Sheriffs  be 
defired  to  take  Care  of  them  ;  and   that  Examina- 
tion mould  be  nude  what  Practices  had  been  ufed 
to   convey  them   away  ;  to   which   the-  Commons 
agreed.     The    Earl   of   Northumberland   alfo    was  The  Parliament 
fummoned,  by  Letter,  to  repair  to  his  Charge  of  jjj^jfjf 
the  Children,  and  to  give  his  Attendance  in  Par-  Care  of  the  Lor4 

liament.  Mavor,  and  de. 

The  Lords   alfo  pnfTed  a  Vote  to  be  added 
their  former  of  'July  31,  viz.  That  the  Place  the  don. 
King  be  deilred  to  come  to  (hould  be  London  ;  and 
that  both  thefe  Votes  be  fent  to  the  Kins;,  and  pub- 
limed  in  London,   &c.    by   the  Lord   Mayor   and 
Sheriffs,  by  Sound  of  Trumpet.     This  laft  Vote 
was  agreed  to  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  on  a 
Divifion  of  73  againft  32, 


2©4  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

>  \l  C*r'  '*      Several  Minifters  from  the  Aflembly  of  Divines 
'  *7'         prefented  the  following  Paper  to  both  Houfes  : 
Auguft.        ef0  fa  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  and  COMMONS 
ajjembled  in  Parliament. 

•  TT  ^E  A(rembly  of  Divines  bei"g'  by  thcfr 

Pc»ce.         <     M      Profefiiop,    Minifters   of   the   Gofpel    of 
'  Peace,  under  Chrift  the  Prince  of  Peace,  hear- 

<  ing  of  Preparations  tending  {o  a  fudden  War  be- 

*  tween  the  Army  and  the  City,  do,  in  the  Name 
'  of  Jefus  Chrift,  humbly  crave  Leave,  in  thefe 
c  few  Words,  to  mediate  for  Peace  at  the  Hands 
'  of  all  that  have  any  Intereft  in  the  managing 
c  thereof,  as  that  wherein  Christians  are  moft  deep- 

*  ly  concerned  j  th,e  Glory  of  God,  which  all  Par- 

*  ties  profefs  to  regard  and  advance  ;  the  Safety  of 

<  the  King,  Parliament,  and  Kingdom,  which  be* 

*  ing  lately  in  a  hopeful  Way  to  be  eftabliftied  in 

*  a  happy  Peace,  is  now  in  Danger  to  be  over- 
«  whelmed  with  a  Sea  of  Blood  j  (the  End  and  fad 

*  Confequences  whereof  no  Mar*  is  able  to  fore- 

<  fee)  and  the  Welfare  of  all  the  People  pf  God  in 

*  the  Land,    who  are  likely  to  be  engaged  one 
'  againft  another  :  Wherefore  we  humbly  p,ray,  in 

*  the  Bowels   of  Jefus    Chrift,    that   all  poffible 

*  Means  may  be  ufed,    by  Treaty  or  otherwife, 

*  that  the  Effufion  of  Chriftian  Blood  may  be  pre- 
4  vented  ;  Ireland  relieved  ;  and  all  God's  People 
'  enjoy  the  Fruit  of  their  Prayers  in  the  flourilhing 
'  of  the  true  Religion,  and  Settlement  of  the  Peace 

*  and  Profperity  of  the  three  Kingdoms. 

CHARLES  HERLE,  Prolocutor. 
HERBERT  PALMER,  Jffeflitr. 
HEN.  ROBOROUGH,  Scriba. 

The  Anfwer  returned  by  both  Houfes  was  to 
this  Effea,  «  That  they  gave  the  Aflembly  Thanks 
for  their  Care  and  good  Affections  to  the  Good  and 
Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  and  (hould  not  be  wanting 
in  any  thing  to  effect  it.' 

Augujt  3.  This  Day  the  Lord  Montague,  fen^ 
Word  that  the  King  intended  to  go,  as  the  Day 


of   E  IST  G  L  A  N  D.  20$ 

before,  to  Sfrfe,  a  Houfe  of  the  Lord  Purbeck't*  Aa,  13  Cu.  l» 

hear  fPindfor,  where  the  Commiffioners  thought  it  ^    |647« 

their  Duty  to  attend  him.     From  thence  his  Ma- 

jefty  iflued  the  following  Declaration,  difavowing 

any  Preparations  in  him  to   levy  War  againft  his 

two  Houfes  of  Parliament  j  and  alfo  fent  a  Letter 

to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax. 

CHARLES  R.  Stoke,  Aug.  4,  1647. 

CTffere  having  been  many  Rumors  fpread,  and  In-  The  King  difa- 
formations  given,  which  may  have  induced  many  vow$  having  any 
to  believe  that  we  intend  to  make  War  againft  our 
Parliament  ':  We  profefe  before  God,  and  declare  to 
ell  ike  World^  That  we  always  have  and  do  abhor 
all  fuch  Defegns  \  and  defer e  all  our  Nobility  and 
Commons,  who  are  here  upon  the  Place,  to  declare 
whether  they  have  not  been  Wttnejfes  of  our  frequent 
and  earnejl  Declarations  and  Profejjions  to  this  Pur- 
pofe  ;  whether  they  fee  any  Colour  of  Preparations 
or  Counfeh,  that  might  reasonably  beget  a  Belief  of 
any  fuch  Defegn ;  and  whether  they  be  not  fully  per- 
fuaded  that  we  have  no  fuch  Intentions  ;  but  that 
all  our  Endeavours  (according  to  our  many  Profef- 
Jions)  tend  to  the  jirm  and  conjiant  Settlement  of  the 
true  Protejiant  Religion,  the  juft  Privileges  of  Par- 
liament, the  Liberty  of  the  Subjefl,  the  Law,  Peace, 
and  Profperity  of  this  Kingdom* 

Thf  K  I N  G'S  Letter  to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  deli- 
vered by  Sir  John  Berkeley,  and  Mr.  John  Afli- 

CHARLES  R.  Stoke,  Aug.  4,  1 647. 

T  7l S  Majcfty  bf':ngadvertifed  of  many  falfe  Ru" 
*  mars  raifed  of  him  to  comply  with  a  Party  ft 
raife  Forces  againft  you  and  your  Army  :  His  Ma- 
jefty  doth  herfby  acquit  himfdf  of  the  great  Scandal 
cajl  upon  him  therein  ;  and  for  the  Proceedings  of 
fame  in  London  and  elfewhere,  who  have  of  late 
raifed  Tumults  in  the  City,  and  other  Places,  his 
Majejly  doth  utterly  difclaim  the  fame,  tejlifying  a 
frtat  L>lf,:ke  thereof.  His  Majefty  dcth  account  it 


£06  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

»3  Car.  L  too  dijhonourable  an  Aflion  to  have  Thoughts  of  being 
M  brought  to  London  in  fuch  a  tumultuous  Manner. 

Augaft.  A  Letter,  figned  by  both  the  new  Speakers,  was 

ordered  to  be  fent  to  the  Commiflioners  refiding 
with  the  Army,  inclofmg  one  to  Sir  Thames  Fair- 
fax. Neither  of  thefe  are  mentioned  by  the  Con- 
temporary Writers  j  but  they  Hand  thus  in  the 
Lords  Journals. 

My  Lords  and  Gentlemext 

c  \\7  E  did,  by  Command,  write  you  a  Letter  on 
1  *  Friday  laft,  with  one  inclofed  unto  Sir 
'  Thames  Fairfax,  but  have  received  no  Anfwef 

*  either  from  him  or  you  ;  we  are  now  commanded 
'  to   fend   you  this  inclofed  Letter  to  Sir  Thomat 
«  Fairfax,  a  Copy  whereof  we  fend  you.     By  the 
'  Contents  you  will  find  how  necefTary  it  is  for  you 
'  to  apply  yourfelves  unto  him  for  a  fpeedy  Ac- 

*  count  and   Anfwer  thereunto,  .and   to  ufe  your 

*  utmoft  Endeavours  to  keep  off  the  Army  from 

*  approaching  fo  near  the  City,  for  avoiding  of  all 
(  ill  Confequences  that  may  happen  thereupon. 

*  We  are  further  commanded  to  let  you  know 
c  that,  by  reafon  of  the  withdrawing  of  the   late 

*  Speakers,  the  Houfes  have  thought  fit  to  make 
c  Choice  of  us  for  their   refpedtive  Speakers,  of 
6  which  you  are  to  take  Notice. 

'  We  have  further  in  Command  to  fend  you  in- 

*  clofed  a  Vote,  patted  both  Houfes,  explaining  the 
'  Order  whereby  Power  is  given  to  the  General 

*  over  the  Land  Forces,  viz.  Refohed^  'I 'hat  the 
c  Order  of  both  Houfes  of  the  2oth  of  July,  which 
6  puts  under  the  Command  of  Sir  Tbwias  Fairfax 
'  all  the  Land  Forces  under  the  Pay  of  the  Parlia- 
'  ment,  doth  not  extend  to  give  him  any  Power 
'  over  the  Trained  Bands  or  Garrifons.    We  reft 

Teur  aJfeSfionate  Friends  and  Servants, 

H    U    N    S    D    O    N, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers  pro 


H.      P    E    L    H    A    M, 

Speaker  of  the  Hcuje  of  Comment. 


Ynt  LETTER,  to  General  FAIRFAX,  inchfed  in  the 


5  /  R,  Auguft' 

'  1  1  7  E  are  commanded  by  both  Houfes  of  Par-  And  another  to 
*  V?  liament  to  acquaint  you,  that,  by  reafon  SirThomas  Fair- 
«of  the  late  Speakers  having  withdrawn  them-  £(™*toZi? 

11  felves,  the  Houfes  made  Choice  of  us  to  be  their  former  forbid- 

*  refpeclive  Speakers  ;  and  that,  on  Friday  laft,  a  dins  hil  March 

*  Letter  was  fent  to  you  from  both  Houfes,  to  JettowardsL<>D<1(** 

*  you  know  the  Parliament  was  in  Safety  by  the 

*  Care  of  the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  Common- 

*  Council,  and  Militia  of  the  City  of  London^  and 

*  free  from  Danger  of  any  Tumults  ;  and  that,  to 

*  prevent  fuch  Mifchiefs  as  might  attend  the  nearer 
k  Approach  of  the  Army,  you  fhould  not  fuffer  the 
'  Army  to  come  nearer  this  City  than  thirty  Miles, 
'  according  to  the  Order  of  both  Houfes  then  fent 

*  unto  you  ;  to  which  Letter  no  Anfwer  hath  been 

*  as  yet  returned  :  We  are  therefore  commanded  to 

*  let  you  know  that,  as  your  Obedience  and  Anfwer 

*  thereunto  hath  been   hitherto  expected,    fo  the 
'  Houfes,  being  informed  that,  notwithftanding  the 

*  faid  Letter  and  Order,  the  Body  of  the  Army 
1  are   drawn  up  much  nearer  this  City  than  thirty 
'  Miles,  contrary  to  the  Expectation  of  the  ParT 
4  liament,  and  tending  to  the  Terror  and  Aftonifh* 

*  ment  of  the  City  ;  whence,  befides  the  ftraiten- 
'  ing  of  the  City  of  Provifions,  fundry  other  Mif- 

*  chiefs  may  follow  :  both  Houfes,  therefore,  have 

*  thought  fit  to  require  you,  that  you  caufe  fuch 
c  of  the  Army  as  are  already  marched  nearer  than, 
'  thirty   Miles,  forthwith   to   draw  back   to    that 

*  Diftance,  and  that  no  Part  of  it,  come  nearer  than 
'  thirty  Miles  of  this   City,  according  to  the  faid 

*  Order,  a  Copy  whereof  is  here  inclofed  (<?). 

*  We  are  alfo  commanded  to  fignify  unto  you, 

*  that  as  to  the  diforderly  Carnage  of  fome  Ap- 

*  prentices  and  others  at  T^ieftrmn/fert  the  26th  of 

*  July  laft,  the  fame  is  already  put  into  a  Way  of 

*  Examination  ;  and  the  Houfes  are  refolved  that 

(t)  Thefe  arc  before  given  it  p.  191. 

20$  T&e  Parliamehtdty  HISTORY 

*j  Car. I.  «  fuck  further  Courfe  (hall,  be  taken  thereupon  at 

J_4!.'_/    «  fcall  be  agreeable  to  Juftice. 

4  The  Houfes  have  alfo  received  Information: 
6  that,  on  the  laft  Lord's  Day  in  the  Morning* 
c  and  within  three  or  four  Miles  of  this  Place,  a 

*  Party  of  Horfe  of  that  Army   under  the  Com- 

*  mand  of  Major  Dejborough,  in  a  hoaile  Man- 
'  ner,    fell    upon    divers  Perfons   that    were  in  a 
'  peaceable  Condition,  and  quartered  there  by  Au- 

*  thority  of  Parliament,  until  they  ftiouid  get  their 

*  Arrears  paid,  and  be  difbanded,  as  was  formerly 

*  ordered :  Some  of  them  were  murdered,  others 

*  of  them  were  wounded,  and  divers  of  them  were 

*  ftripped  and  carried  away,  pinioned  as  Prifoners  j 

*  and  divers  Horfe  and  Arms  forcibly  taken  away 

*  without  any  Provocation  given  :  That  another 

*  Part  of  the  Forces  under  your  Command  have  fur- 

*  prized  and  feized  upon  Tilbury  Block- Houfe,   in 

*  Effexy    upon  the  River  of  Thames :    That   the 

*  Houfes  have  feen   Copies   of  feveral   Warrants, 

*  alledged  to  be  figned  by  yourfelf  and  the  Officers 

*  under  your  Command,  for  the   raifing  of   the 

*  Trained  Bands  and  Forces  of  the  Country  as  you 
4  pafs,  to  join  with  you,  for  which  you  never  had 
'  any  Authority  of  Parliament :  That  the  Houfes 
4  are  alfo  informed  that  you  have  given  Orders  for 

*  the  levying  of  Monies  or  Provifionson  theCoun- 

*  try,  contrary  to  the  Laws  of  the  Land,  and  in 
'  Violation  of  the  Rights  and  Freedom  of  the  Sub- 
'  je£l :  That  the  Houfe  of  Commons  have  alfo  re- 
'  ceived  Advertifement  from  Sir  Samuel  Luke^  Knt. 
4  a  Member  of  that  Houfe,  that  a  Party  of  Dragoons 

*  of  the  Army,  by  your  Warrant,  and  a  Warrant 

*  of  one  Major  Tuleday,  did,    on  the  laft  Lord's 

*  Day,  aflault  h's  Perfon  ;  and  did,  by  Force,  carry 

*  him  away  Prifoner  from  his  own  Houfe^  to  what 

*  Place  we  know  not ;  and  we  cannot  hear  that  he 

*  is  yet  releafed,  which  the  Houfes  require  you  to 
4  fee  prefently  done. 

4  As  they  'hold  it  ftrange  that  fuch  A&s  of  Vio- 
4  lence,  touching  not  only  on  the  Liberty,  but  on 
4  the  Lives,  of  the  Subjects,  and  the  Privileges  of 

^ENGLAND.  209 

*  Parliament,  fhould  be  done,  efpecially  if  it  be  by  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  any  Direction  of  yours  ;  fo  they  cannot  but  re- 

*  fent  them,  and  the  more,  not  only  for  the  Blood 

*  therein  fpilt,  but  alfo   for  that  thofe  Aftions,  at 
''  this  Time,  are  fo  far  from  conducing  to  the  hap- 
'  py  Peace  that  both    Houfes  have  fo  earneftly  en- 
'  deavoured,  and  do  ftill  labour  to  procure,  and  to 
1  eafe  the  Kingdom  of  Charge,  that  they  can  be 
'  underftood  to  be  no  other  than  Acts  of  Hostility 
'  and  the  Beginning  of  a  new  War,  and  the  In- 
e  creafing  of  Charge  upon  the  Country,  by   force 
'  of  Arms,  without  any  Manner  of  Caufe  or  Au- 

*  thority. 

'  Laftly,  we  are  commanded   to  acquaint  you 

*  with   a  Complaint  of  a  high  Nature,  made  by 
'  the  Commiffioners  of  the  Parliament  of  Scotland 
1  againfl  fome  of  your  Army,  for  Violation  of  the 
'  Law  of  Nations,  and  the  Treaty  concluded  be- 

*  tween  both  Kingdoms,  as  may  appear  unto  you 
'  by  a  Copy  of  their  Letter  we  fend  you  here  in- 
'  clofed  :  And  confidering  that  the  Proceedings  that 

*  they  complain  of  m?.y  prove  of  dangerous  Confe* 
'  quence  to  both  Kingdoms,  and  tend  to  the  em^ 

*  broiling  of  both  Nations  in  a   new  War,  if  a 
e  Courfe  be  not  taken  to  prevent  it,  the  Houfes 

*  therefore  have  thought  fit  to  require  you  to  in- 

*  form  yourfelf  fully  therein,  and  to   give  them  a 

*  fpeedy  and  full  Account  of  the  Bnfinefs ;  to  the 
'  end  that  they  may  return  fuch  an  Anfwer  as  may 

*  become  them  to  the  Commiffioners  of  the  Par- 

*  liament  of  Scotland.     We  reft 

Tour  affectionate  Friends  and  Servants^ 

H  U  N  S  D  O  N, 

Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of 
Peers  pro  Tempo  re. 
H.     P  E  L  H  A  M, 
Speaker  cf  the  ffoufe  of 

dug  6.  After  an  entire  Stop  of  Bufmefs  till  this 

Day,  (during  which  Interval,  though  both  Houfes 

VOL.  XVI.  O  met, 

2 1  o  7 be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  met,  they  did  nothing  but  adjoufn  dc  Die  in  Diem) 

1  47-          Sir  Henry  Vane,    junior,    reported,   from  the  Com- 

Tu^Jii     '    miflil  ncrs  °f  Parliament  appointed   to    rcftde  with 

the  Army,  an  Account  of  the  Proceedings   of  the 

Army  and   Comm-.lTioners   for  thefe  few  Days  Lift 

\  part  ;    and  the  Grounds  and  Rcafons   that  were  gi- 

to  their  seats  by  ven  unto  them  for  the  Removal  and  March  of  the 

the  Am-,}.  Army  to  this  Town,  in  regard  of  the  Force  and 
Violence  offered  to  ihe  Parliament ;  and  that, 
when  Notice  came  to  the  Army  of  this  Violence, 
the  Army,  in  Purfuancc  of  the  Orders  of  both 
Houfes,  was  forty  Miles  diftant  from  the  Citt,  and 
their  Quarters  Scattered  near  200  Miles  ;  had  al- 
.moft  finished  their  Propofals  for  fettling  the  Pu- 
blick  Peace ;  and  were  come  to  a  Refolution  of 
fending  fpecdily  8000  Foot  and  2COO  Horfe  into 
Ireland:  But,  upon  the  Notice  of  this  Violence, 
they  contracted  their  Quarters.  He  further  ac- 
quainted the  Houfe,  That  the  General  himlelr  was 
come  to  London,  to  Sir  Abraham  Jl/lUiaKis> i  Houfe  ; 
and  that  the  Army  was  advanced  to  the  Town,  in 
order  to  the  fare  and  free  Sitting  of  the  Parliament: 
'/'hat,  at  Colebrsckt*,  the  Commiiuoners  of  the  Army 
delivered  unto  the  Commiffiotiett  of  Parliament, 
Heads  of  Propofals  to  be  treated  upon  by  the  Com- 
uiiilioners ;  of  which  he  read  the  Title,  and,  by 
Command  of  the  Houfe,  delivered  them  in  accord - 
Thefe  were  inclofed  in  the  following  De- 

TA  *  r.  ?•:.»•        cia ration  from.  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and  his  Council 

n  <•:.['.      ,-  -,rr  J 

.M-ituiA  °^  War: 

fnmGml  C-Mrcob,   Aug.   2,    1647. 

INCE  our  drawing  back  to  Reading,  we  have 
applied  ourfelvep,  with  all  Diligence,  to 
frame  and  h  alien  an  in  lire  Body  of  all  the  parti- 
cular Propofttl;,  which  we  would  tender  to  the 
Commiffioners  of  Parliament  refiding  with  the 
Army,  to  be  treated  on  in  purfuance  of  thofe  ge- 
neral Defires  expreiled  in  our  former  Declara- 
tions and  Papers,  for  the  fecuring  of  the  com- 
mon Rights  and  Liberties,  and  a  prcferit  fettling 
of  the  Peace  of  ths  Kingdom.  In  which  Bufi- 

4  nefs, 

I'airfar  and  hi< 

of  War, 
con.rrning  the 


^ENGLAND.  2tr 

nefs,    (notwithftanding  the  jnany    Interruptions  An.  a 3  Car. 
and  Difturbances,  which  daily  Advertifements  of        1647. 
the  indirect  and  treacherous  Practices  and  Pre-    ^ ••r~~f 
parations  of  the  Committee  of  Militia,  and  others         A°6U  " 
in  and  about  the  City  of  London  and  elfcwhere$ 
tending  to  a  new   War,  have  occafioned  to   the 
diverting  or  retarding  of  our  proceeding  therein) 
we  have  made  a  Progrefs   as   fpeedy  as  the  Na-^ 
ture  and  Weight  of  fuch  a  Work  would  admit  j 
and,  having  finifhed  the  fame,  we  have  delivered 
in   an   Abftra6l   of  the   Heads  thereof  unto  th£ 
faid  Commiflioners   of  Parliament   to  be  treated 

*  But  the  late  pernicious  Engagement  fet  on 
foot  in  the  City,  and,  much  more,  that  prodi- 
gious Violence  done  to  both  Houfes  of  Parlia- 

*  ment  on  Monday  laft,  having  wholly  taken  us  off 

*  for  the  prefent ;  and  rendered   all  proceeding   in 
'  the  Way  of  Treaty  thereupon  meerly  vain  and 
4  hopelefs,  untill  it  (hall   pleafe  God   the  Parlia* 

*  ment  be  righted  and  vindicated  againft  that  Vio- 

*  lation  done  to  it,   and  reftored  into  a  Conditiori 
'  of  Freedom,  fo  as  the  unqueftioned  Members  of 
'  it  may  repair  together  with  Safety,  and  proceed 
'  according    to   their   juft    Freedom :    We    have 

*  thought  good,  in  the  mean  Time,  to  make  this 

*  public  Tender  of  the  Heads  of  the  Propofals  to 

*  the  Consideration  of  the  whole  Kindom ;  where-* 
'  in,  though  all  Circumftanccs  requiiite  to  be  deter - 

*  mined  in  an  Actual  Settlement  be  not  fo  fully  and 

*  perfectly  exprefled  as  upon  the  Treaty  intended, 

*  (if  not  interrupted  as  before)  they  might  fpeedily 

*  have  been  ;  yet  all  Men  may  fee  and  underftand, 
'  in  thcfe,  the  Effect  and  Bottom  of  our  Defircs ; 

*  whereupon  we  have  fincerely  ftudicd,   that  a  pre- 
*•  fent  Peace  might  be  fettled  ;  which  fame  Thing 

*  (with  and  after  fuch  Vindication  of  the  Parlia- 

*  ment  as  may  again  render  it  into  a   Capacity  to 

*  eftablifh  the  fame)  we  fliall  frill  faithfully  endea- 
'  vour  to  the  utmoft  of  our  Powers ;  and  accord-* 
4  ingly  (hall  expect  the  chearful  and   hearty  Con- 

Q  2  *  currenee 

212  *fhe  Parliamentary  H is TORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  currence  of  all  thofc  who  are,  or  (hall  be,  fatif- 

.    *  *J'    j    '  fied  concerning  the  Integrity  of  our  Intentions  to 

Auguft.      '  tne  I>eace  aild  Welfare  of  the  Kingdom  in  thefe 

4  Propofals  ;  or  who  mall,  for  the  Main,  defire  or 

4  approve  of  the  fame  Things  with  us,  in  order  to 

4  a  Settlement. 

*  And  to  thefe  Propofals  which  we  here  firft  ten- 
4  der  as  necefTary  to  a  Peace,  and  upon  which  we 

*  defire  the  Seal  of  Peace,     (in  the   Reflitution   of 
4  his   Majefty  and  others  to  their  Rights,    and  in 
4  an  Acl  of  Oblivion  to  be  palled)  we  caunot  but 
4  add  trrj  further  Expreflionof  our  Defires  in  fome 

*  other  Particulars  ;  which,  though  not  fo  efiential 
4  to  Peace  as  neceffary  to  precede  the  fettling  of  it, 
4  yet  being  Matters  of  a  public  Nature,  and  moft  of 
4  them  of  general    Grievance    to    the   Kingdom, 
4  which  we  everywhere  find  the  Outcries  of;  and 
4  being  contained  in,  or  in  purfuance  of ;  the  fame 
4  Things  exprefTed  in  our  former  Reprefentations 
4  and  Papers,  we  fhall  defire,  That,  the  Parliament 
4  being  let  free,  no  Time  may  be  loft  for  a  fpeedy 
4  Confederation  of  them,  fo  as  the  former  Tilings 
4  for  the  prefent  fettling  of  Peace  be  not  delayed 
4  thereby. 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  '•  ouncll  of  War, 

J.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

The  HE  ADS  of  the  P  R  o  p  o  s  A  L  s  agreed  upon  by  bis 
Excellency  Sir  THOMAS  FA  in  FAX  and  bis 
Council  of  f^art  referred  to  in  the  foregoing  De- 

?,  i,  1647 

With  Heads  of  I.  '  TP  HAT  the  Things  hereafter   propofed 
feme  further  «     JL     being  provided   for  by  this  Parliament, 

SiT^SP«« "  a  ccrtain  Period  may»  b7  Aa  of  Parliament,  be 
of  the  Nation.  fet  for  the  ending  of  this  Parliament ;  fuch  Pe- 
riod to  be  within  a  Year  at  moft :  And,  in  the 
fame  A61,  Provifion  to  be  made  for  the  Succef- 
ceflion  and  Conftitution  of  Parliaments  in  future, 
as  followeth : 

i.  «  That 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  213 

1.  c  That  Parliaments  may  biennially  be  called,  An.  23  Car.  I. 
8  and  meet  at  a  certain  Day,  with   fuch  Provifion    t__'6*7'    , 

e  for  the  Certainty  thereof,  as  in  the  late  Act  was      Au<^ft. 
'  made  for  Triennial   Parliaments,  and  what  fur- 

*  ther  or  other  Provifion  fnall  be  found  needful  by 
'  the  Parliament  to  reduce  it  to  more  Certainty ; 

*  and  upon  the  pafftng  of  this,  the  faid  Act  for 
'  Triennial  Parliaments  to  be  repealed. 

2.  Each    Biennial  Parliament   to   fit^,  one  hun- 

*  dred  and  twenty  Days  certain,  unlefs  adjourned, 

*  or  diflblved  fooner  by  their  own  Confent  5   after- 

*  wards  to  be  adjournable  or  diflblvable  by  the  King : 
'  And  no  Parliament  to  fit  paft  two  hundred  and 

*  forty  Days  from  their  firft  Meeting,  or  fome  other 

*  limited  Number  of  Days  now  to  be  agreed  on  : 

*  Upon  the  Expiration   whereof   each  Parliament 
'  to  diflblve  of  courfe,  if  not  otherwife  diflblved 

*  fooner. 

3.  '  The  King,  upon  Advice  of  the  Council  of 

*  State,  in  the  Intervals  betwixt  Biennial  Parlia- 

*  ments,  to  call  a  Parliament  extraordinary,  pro~ 

*  vided  it  meet  above  feventy  Days  before  the  next 

*  Biennial  Day ;  and  be  diflblved  at  leaft  fixty  Days 
e  before   the  fame,  fo  as  the  Courfe  of  Biennial 

*  Elections  may  never  be  interrupted. 

4.  *  That  this  Parliament,  and  each  fucceeding 
e  Biennial  Parliament,    at  or  before  Adjournment 
'  or  Diflblution  thereof,  may  appoint  Committees 

*  to  continue  during  the  Interval,  for  fuch  Purpofes 
'  as  are,  in  any  of   thefe  Propofals,  referred   to 

*  fuch  Committees. 

5.  *  That  the  Elections  of  the  Commons  for 
'  fucceeding  Parliaments  may  be  diftributed  to  all 

*  Counties,    or   other   Parts  or   Divifions  of  the 
'  JCingdom,  according  to  fome  Rule  of  Equality 
'  or   Proportion  ;  fo  as  all  Counties   may  have  a 
4  Number  of  Parliament  Members  allowed  to  their 
'  Choice,    proportionable  to  the  respective  Rate* 
'  they  bare  in  the  common  Charges  and  Burthen* 

*  of  the  Kingdom ;  or,  according  to  fome  other  Rule 

*  of  Equality  or  Proportion,  to  render  the  Houfe 
1  of  Commons,  as  near  as  may  be,  an  equal  Re- 

O  3  '  prefentativc 

2 1 4  tfhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2-,  Car.  j. '  prcfentative  of  the  whole  ;  and  in  order  thereun- 

*  fo,  that  a  prefent  Consideration  be  had   to  take 

*  c^  t^ie  F.k'&ions  °f  Burgeflcs  for  poor,  decayed, 
'  or  incorftderable  Towns  ;  and  to  give  fome  pre- 
1  fent    Addition    to    the    Number   of    Parliament 
'  Members  for  great  Counties  that  have   now  lefs 

*  than  their  due  Proportion  ;  to  bring  all,  at  prefent 
'  as  near  as  may  be,  to  fuch  a  Rule  of  Proportion 

*  as  afbrefaid. 

6.  '  That  effc&ual  Provifion  be  made  for  future- 

*  Freedom  of  Elections,  and  Certainty  of  due  Re- 

*  turns. 

7.  '  That  the   Houfe  of  Commons   alone  have 

*  the  Power,  from   Time  to   Time,  to  fet  down 
'  further  Orders  and  Rules  for  the  Ends  exprefTed 
41  in  the  tv/o  laft  preceeding  Articles  ;  fo  as  to  re- 

*  duce  the  Election  of  Members  of  that  Houfe  to 

*  more  and  more   Perfection   of  Equality   in   the 

*  Distribution,  Freedom  in  the  E)e6tion,  Order  in 

*  the  proceeding  thereto,  and  Certainty  in  the  Re- 

*  turns  i  which  Orders  and  Rules,  in  that  Cafe, 

*  io  be  as  Laws. 

8.  '  That  there  be  a  Liberty  for  entertaining 

*  Difients  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  with  a  Pro- 
«  vifion  that  no   Member  be  cenfurable  for  ought 

*  frud  or  voted  in  the  Houfe,  further  than  to  Exclu- 
'  fion  from  that  Truft,  and  that  only  by  the  Judg- 

*  ment  of  the  Houfe  itfelf. 

That  the  judicial  Power  or  Power  of  final 
[udgment  in  the  Lords  and  Commons,  and  their 

*  Power  of  Expofition  and  Application  of  Law, 

*  \vithout  further  Appeal,  may  be  cleared:   And 
'  that  no  Officer  of  Juftice,  Minifter  of  State,  or 

*  other  Perfon  adjudged  by  them,  may  be  capable 
6  of  Protection  or  Pardon  from  the  King,  without 

*  their  Advice  and  Confent. 

io.   '  That  the  Right  and  Liberty  of  the  Com-; 

*  mons  of  England  may  be  cleared  and  vindicated 

*  as    to  a   due  Exemption    from  any    Judgment, 
c  Trial,  or  other   Proceeding  againft  them  by  the 
'  Houie  of  Peers,  without  the  concurring  Judg- 

f  Judgi 

of    ENGLAND.  215 

'  ment  of  the   Houfe  of  Commons :  As  alfo  fiom  An.  23  Car.  I. 
'  any   other  Judgment,    Sentence,  or  Proceeding 

*  againft  them,  other  than  by  their  Equals,  or  ac- 

*  cording  to  the  Law  of  the  Land. 

ii.  '  The  fame  Att  to  provide,   that  Grand- 

*  Jurymen  may  be  chofen  by  and   for  feveral  Parts 
'  or  Divifions  of  each  County  reflectively,  in  fome 

*  equal  Way;    and   not  remain,    as  now,  at  the 

*  Difcretion  of  an  Under-SherifF,  to  be  put  on  or 
1  off:  And  that  fuch  Granu- Jurymen  for  their  re- 

*  fpecUve  Counties  may,  at  each  Aflize,  prefent  the 

*  Names  of  Perfons  to  be  made  Juftices  of  Peace, 
4  from  Time  to  Time,  as  the  Country  hath  Need. 

*  for  any  to  be  added  to  the  Commiflionj  and  at 
'  the  Summer  Affize  to  prefent  the  Names  of  three 

*  Perfons,  out  of  whom  the  King  may  prick  one 
'  to  be  Sheriff  for  the  next  Year. 

II.  '  For  the  future  Security  to  Parliaments  and 
e  the  Militia  in  general,  in  order  thereunto  that  it 
'  be  provided,  by  Act  of  Parliament, 

1.  '  That  the  Power  of  the  Militia,  by  Sea  and 
6  Land,  during  the  Space  of  ten  Years  next  enfu- 

*  ing,  fhall  be  ordered  and  difpofed  by  the  Lords 
'  and  Commons  aflembled,  and  to  be  aflembled,  in 
'  the  Parliament  or  Parliaments  of  England ;  or  by 

*  fuch  Perfons  as  they  fhall  nominate  and  appoint 
«  for  that  Purpofe,  from  Time  to  Time,  during  the 

*  faid  Space. 

2.  «  That  the  faid  Power  fhall  not  be  ordered, 
«  difpofed,  or  exercifed  by  the  King's  Majefty  that 

*  now  is,  or  by  any  Perfon  or  Perfons  by  any  Au- 

*  thority  derived  from  him,  during  the  faid  Space, 
'  or   at   any  Time  hereafter  by  his  faid   Majefty, 
'  without  the  Advice  and  Confent  of  the  faid  Lords 
'  and  Commons,  or  of  fuch  Committees  or  Coun- 
'  cil,  in  the  Intervals  of  Parliament,  as  they  (hall 
'  appoint. 

3.  *  That  during  the  fame  Space  of  ten  Years, 

*  the  faid  Lords   and  Commons   may,  by  Bill  or 
«  Ordinance,  raife    and  difpofe    of  what    Monies 

*  and  for  what  Forces  they  fhall,  from  Time  to 

*  Time,  find  neceffary;    as  allb   for  Paymen-t  of 

O  4  «  th« 

2 1 6  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

A».  73  Car.  I. *  the  Public  Debts  and  Damages  ;  and  for  all  other 
I647-         «  the  public  Ufcs  of  the  Kingdom. 

Au  "ft  '  4"  ^n^  to  t'le  enc^  t^le  teinwrafy  Security,  in- 

'  tended  by  the  three  Particulars  laft  precedent,  may 
'  be  the  better  allured,  it  may  therefore  be  provided x 
<  That  no  Subjects  that  have  been  in  Hoftility 
'  againft  the  Parliament  in  the  late  War  (hall  be 
6  capable  of  bearing  any  Office  of  Power  or  pub- 

*  lie  Truft  in   the    Common-wealth,    during  the 

*  Space  of  five  Years,  without  Confent  of  Parlia- 
4  ment,  or  of  the  Council  of  State  -,  or  to  fit  as 

*  Members,  or  Afiiftants,  of  either  Houfe  of  Parlia- 

*  ment,  'till  the  fecond  Biennial  Parliament  be  paft. 

III.  '  For  the  prefent   Form  of  difpofing  the 

*  Mi!itia,  in  order'to  the  Peace  and  Safety  of  this 
'  Kingdom,  and  the  Service  of  Ireland, 

1.  '  That  there  be  Commiflioners  for  the  Ad- 

*  miralty,  with  a  Vice-Admiral  and  Rear-Admiral, 

*  now  to  be  agreed  upon,  with  Power  for  the  form- 

*  ing,  regulating,  appointing  of  Officers,  and  pro- 

*  viding  for  the  Navy,  and  for  ordering  the  fame  to 
'  and  in  the  ordinary  Service  of  the  Kingdom  ;  and 
'  that  there  be  a  fufficient  Provifion  and  Eftablifh- 

*  ment  for  Pay  and  Maintenance  thereof. 

2.  *  That  there  be  a  General  for  Command  of 

*  the  Land  Forces  that  are  to  be  in  Pay,  in  Eng- 
'  land,    Ireland^    and  Wales^  both   for   Field    and 

*  Garrifon. 

3.  '  That  there  be  Commiflioners  in  the  feveral 
«  Counties,  for  the  (landing  Militia  of  the  refpec- 
f  iive  Counties,  confiding  of  Train'-d  Bands   and 

*  Auxiliaries  not  in  Pay  ;  with  Power  for  the  pro- 
'  portioning,  forming,  regulating,  training  and  dif-* 

*  ciplining  of  them. 

4.  f  That  there  be  a  Council  of  State,  with 
(  Power  to  Cupel-intend  and  direct  the   fev.'ral  and 
'  particular  Powers  of  the  Militia  laft  mentioned, 

*  for  the  Peace  and  Safety  of  this  Kingdom,  and, 
'  of  Ireland. 

5.  f  That   the  fame  Council  may  have  Po'.ver 

*  as  the  King's  Privy-Council,  for  and   in  all  fo- 
6  rcien  Negotiations  :  Provided  that  the  malting' of 

^ENGLAND.  217 

*  War  or  Peace  with  any  other  Kingdom  or  State,  An.  23  Car. 
f  (hall  not  be  without  Advice  and  Confent  of  Par.  L      l647' 

^  liament. 

6.  c  That  the  faid   Power   of  the  Council  of 
'  State  be  put  into  the  Hands  of  trufty  and  able 

*  Perfons,  now  to  be  agreed  on  ;  and  the  fame  Per- 

*  ions,  to  continue  in  that  Power,  ft  benefe  geffi- 

*  rint,  for  a  certain   Term   not  exceeding  feven 

*  Years. 

7.  *  That  there  be  a  fufficie'nt  Eftablifhment 

*  now  provided  for  the  Salary  of  Forces  both  in 

*  England  and   Ireland ;  the  Eibblifhment  to  con- 
'  tinue  until  t*vo  Months  after  the  Meeting  of  the 

*  firft  Biennial  Parliament. 

IV.  <  That  an  A  ft  be  pafled  for  difpofing  the 
f  great  Offices,  for  ten  Years,  by  the  Lords  and 

*  Commons   in  Parliament,  or  by  fuch  Commit- 

*  tees  as  they  fhall  appoint  for  that  Purpofe  in  the 

*  Intervals,  with  Submiffion  to  the  Approbation  of 

4  the  next  Parliament;  and  after  ten  Years,  they 
f  to  nominate  three,  and  the  King  out  of  that  Num- 

*  ber  to  appoint  one  for  the  Succeflion  upon  any 
,*  Vacancy. 

V.  *  That  an  Aft  be  pafled  for  reftraining  any 
'  Peers,  made  fince  the   2ift  Day  of  May^  1642, 
.'  or  to  be  hereafter  made,  from  having  any  Power 
.'  to  fit  or  vote  in  Parliament,  without  Confent  of 
'  both  Houfcs. 

VI.  c  That  an  Aft  be  pafled  for  recalling  and 

*  making  void  all  Declarations  and  other  Proceed- 

5  ings  againft  the  Parliament,  or  againft  any  that 
5  have  a6led  by?  or  under,  their  Authority  in  the 

*  late  War,  or  in  relation  to  it :  And  that  the  Or- 
'  dinances  for  Indemnity  may  be  confirmed. 

VII.  That  an  A&  be  patted  for  making  void  all 

*  Grants,  &c.  under  the  Great  Seal,  that  was  con- 

*  veyed  away  from  the  Parliament,  fince  the  Time 
?  it  was  fo  convey'd  away,  except  as  in  the  Par- 
'  liament's  Propofitions ;  and  ior  making  thofe  va- 
'  lid  that  have  been,  or  fhall  be  pafTed,  under  the 

*  Great  Seal  made  by  the  Authority  of  both  Houfes 
«  of  Parliament, 


2 1 8  T/je  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.      VIII.  '  That  an  A&  be  parted  for  Confirms- 

lf>li-         «  tlon  of  the  Treaties  between  the  two  Kingdoms 

~u^  *  of  England  and  Scotland,  and  for  appointing  Con- 

*  fervators  of  the  Peace  betwixt  them. 

IX.  '  That  the  Ordinance  for  taking  away  the 
'  Court  of  Wards  and  Liveries  be  confirmed    by 
'  Act  of  Parliament  ;    provided  his  Majefty's   Re- 
'  venue  be  not  damnified  therein,  nor  thofe  that 
'  laft  held  Offices  in  the  fame  left  without  Repara- 
'  tion  fome  other  way. 

X.  '  An  Aft  to  declare  void   the  Ceflation   of 

*  Ireland^  &c.  and  to  leave  the  Profecution  of  that 
'  War  to   the  Lords  and  Commons  in  the  Parlia- 
'  ment  of  England. 

XI.  '  An  Adi:  to  be  parted  to  take  away  all  co- 

*  ercive  Power,  Authority,  and  Jurifdiclion  of  Bi- 
'  {hops,  and  all  other  Ecclefiaftical  Officers  what- 

*  foever,  extending  to  any  Civil  Penalties  upon  any  j 

*  and  to  repeal  all  Laws,  whereby  the  Civil  Ma- 

*  giftracy  hath  been,  or  is  bound,  upon  any  Eccle- 

*  fiaftical  Cenfure,  to  proceed,  ex  Officio,  unto  any 

*  Civil  Penalties  againft  any  Perfons  fo  cenfured. 

XII.  «  That  there  be  a  Repeal  of  all  Afts,  or 
«  Claufes  in  any  Ac%  enjoining  the  Ufeof  the  Book 

*  of  Common  Prayer,  and  impofing  any  Penalties 
«  for  Neglect  thereof;  as  alfoof  all  Ads,  or  Claufes 
'  m  any  A61,  impofing  any  Penalty  for  not  coming 
«  to  Church,  or  for  Meetings  elfewhere  for  Prayer 
«  or  other  religious  Duties,  Exercifes  or  Ordinan- 

<  ces  ;  and  fome  other  Provifion  to  be  made  for  dif- 

<  covering  of  Papifts  and  Popifh  Recufants,  and  for 
«  difabling  of  them,  and  of  all  Jefuits  or  Pricfts, 
«  from  difturbing  the  State. 

XIII.  *  That  the  taking  of  the  Covenant  be  not 

*  inforced  upon  any,  nor  any  Penalties  impofed  upon. 

*  the  Refufers,  whereby  Men  might  be  conftrained 
c  to  take  it  againft  their  Judgments  or  Confciences  ; 

*  but  all  Orders  or  Ordinances  tending  to  that  Pur- 

*  pofe  to  be  repealed. 

XIV.  «  That  (the  Things  here  before  propofed 
^  being  provided  for  fettling  and  fecuring  the  Rights 
«  ^Liberties,  Peace,  and  Safety  of  the  Kingdom) 

ef    ENGLAND.  219 

*  his    Majcfty's    Perfon,    his  Queen,    and    Royal  An.  2  ^  Car.  I. 

*  Iflue,  may  be  reftored  to  a  Condition  of  Safety,         *  4_7'     v 

*  Honour  and  Freedom  in  this   Nation  ;    without        Auguft. 

*  Diminution  to  their  perfonal  Rights,  or  further 
4  Limitation   to  the  Exercife  of  the  Regal  Power, 
4  than  according  to  the  Particulars  aforegoing. 

XV.  *  For  the  Matter  of  Compofrtions  : 

1.  '  That  a  lefs  Number  out  of  the  Perfons  ex- 
4  cepted   in  the  two  firft  Qualifications,  (not  ex - 
'  ceeding    five   for   the  Englijb]  being  nominated 

*  particularly    by   the  Parliament,  who,    together 

*  with  the  Perfons  in  the  Irljh  Rebellion,  includr 

*  ed  in  the  third  Qualification,  may  be  referved  to 
'  the  further  Judgment  of  the  Parliament,  as  they 

*  fhall  find  Caufe  ;  all  other  excepted  Perfons  may 

*  be  remitted  from  the  Exception,  and  admitted  to 
c  Composition. 

2.  *  That  the  Rates  for  all  future  Compofitions 

*  may  be  leflened  and  limited,  not   to  exceed  the 

*  feveral  Proportions  hereafter  exprefs'd  refpeclive- 

*  ly  :  That  is  to  fay, 

'  For  all  Perfons  formerly  excepted,  not  above  a 
'  third  Part. 

*  For  the  late  Members  of  Parliament,  under  the 

*  firft  Branch  of  the  fourth  Qualification  in  the 

*  Propofitions,  a  fourth  Part. 

*  For  other  Members  of  Parliament,  in  the  fe- 
e  cond  and  third  Branches  of  the  fame  Qualifica- 

*  tion  a  fixth  Part. 

*  For  the  Perfons  nominated  in  the  faid  fourth 
e  Qualification,   and  thofe  included  in  the  tenth 

*  Qualification,  an  eighth  Part. 

*  For  all  others  included  in  the  fixth  Qualifica- 

*  tion,  a  tenth  Part. 

«  And  that  all  real  Debts,  either  upon   Record 

*  or  proved  by  Witnefles,  be  confidered,  and  abat- 
'  ed  in  the  Valuation  of  their  Eftates,  in  all   the 

*  Cafes  aforefaid. 

3.  '  That  thofe  who  fhall  hereafter  come  to 

*  compound,    may   not   have    the    covenant    put 

*  upon  them  as  a  Condition  without  which  they 
'  may  not  compound  j  but  in  cafe  they  mail  not 

«  willing- 

220  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  {  willingly  take  it,  they  may  pafs   their  Compoflr 
t    >0*7-    ^    «  tions  without  it. 

Auguft  4-  '  That  the  Perfons  and  Eftates  of  all  Englijf\ 

c  not  worth  200  /.  in  Lands  or  Goods,  be  at 
'  Liberty  and  difcharged  ;  and  that  the  King's  ;ne- 
'  nial  Servants,  that  never  took  up  Arms,  but  only 

*  attended  his    Perfon  according  to  their  Offices, 

*  may  be  freed  from  Compofition,  or  pay  at  moft 

*  but  the  Proportion  of  one  Year's  Revenue,  or  a 

*  twentieth  Part. 

5.  «  That,  in  order  to  the  making  and  perfect- 

*  ing  of  Compofitions  at  the   Rates  aforefaid,  the 
'  Rents,  Revenues,  and  other  Dues  and  Profits  of 

*  all  fequeftered  Eftates  whatfoever,  except  the  E- 

*  {rates  of  fuch  Perfons  who  (hall   be  continued 
'  under  Exception  as  before,  be   from  henceforth 

*  fufpended  and  detained   in  the  Hands  of  the  re- 
4  fpective  Tenants,    Occupants,  and  others  from 

*  whom  they  are  due,  for  the  Space  of  fix  Months 

*  following. 

6.  '  That  the  Faith  of  the  Army,  or  other  Forces 

*  of  the  Parliament,  given  in  Articles   upon  Sur- 
'  renders  to  any  of  the  King's  Party,  may  be  fully 

*  made  good  ;  and  where  any  Breach  thereof  fliall 

*  appear  to  have  been  made,  full  Reparation  and 
'  Satisfaction  may  be  given  to  the  Parties  injured, 
'  and  the  Perfons  offending,  being  found  out,  may 

*  be  compelled  thereto. 

XVI.  That  there  be  a  general  Aft  of  Oblivion 
'  to  extend  unto  all,  (except  the  Perfons  to  be  con- 
'  tinued  in  Exception  as  before)  to  abfolve  from 

*  all  Trefpafles,  Mifdemeanors,  &c.  done  in  Pro- 
'  fecution  of  the  War,  and  from  all  Trouble  or 

*  Prejudice  for  or  concerning  the  fame,  after  their 

*  Compofitions  paft ;  and  to   reftore   them  to  all 
'  Privileges,  &c.  belonging  to  other  Subjects,  pra- 

*  vided,  as  in  the  fourth  Particular   under  the  fe- 

*  cond  general  Head   aforegoing  concerning   Se- 

*  curity. 

'  And  whereas  there  have  been,  of  late,  ftrong 

*  Endeavours  and  Practices  of  a  factious  and  def- 

*  perate  Party,  to  embroil  this  Kingdom  in  a  new 


of   E  N  G  L  A  N  t>.  211 

c  War>  and  for  that  Purpofe  to  induce  the  King, 

*  Queen,  and  Prince  to  declare  for  the  faid  Party  ; 

*  and  alfo  to  excite  and  ftir  up  all  thofe  of  the  King's 
'  late  Party,  to  appear  and   engage  for  the  fame ; 
'  which  Attempts  and  Defigns,  many  of  the  King's 
'  Party,  out  of  their  Defires  to  avoid  further  Mifery 
'  to  the  Kingdom,  have  contributed  their  Endea- 
'  vours  to  prevent,  as  for  divers  of  them  we  have  had 

*  particular  Afiurance:    We  do   therefore    defire, 

*  that  fuch  of  the  King's  Party  who  {hall  appear  to 
'  have  exprefled,  and  fhall  hereafter  exprefs  that 
<•  Way,   their  good  Affections   to  the   Peace  and 
'  Welfare  of  the  Kingdom,  and  to  hinder  the  em- 

*  broiling  of  the  fame  in  a  new  War,  may  be  freed 

*  and  exempted   from  Compofitions,  or  to  pay  but 
c  one  Years  Revenue,  or  a  twentieth  Part. 

«  Thefe  Particulars  aforegoing  are  the  Heads  of 
'  fuch  Propofals  as  we  have  agreed  on  to  tender,  in, 

*  order  to  the  fettling  of  the  Peace  of  this  Kingdom  j 

*  leaving  the  Terms  of  Peace  for  the  Kingdom  of 

*  Scotland  to  ftand  as  in  the  late  Proportions  of  both 
4  Kingdoms,   until  that  Kingdom  fhall  agree  to 

*  any  Alteration. 

«  Next  to  the  Propofals  aforefaid  for  the  prefent 

*  fettling  of  Peace,  we  (hall  defire  that  no  Time  rrfay 

*  be  loft  by  the  Parliament  for  difpatch  of  other 

*  Things  tending  to  the  Welfare,  Eafe,  and  juft 
«  Satisfaction  of  the  Kingdom ;  and  in  fpecial  Man- 


1.  '  That  the  juft  and  neceflary  Liberty  of  the 
4  People  to  reprefent  their  Grievances  and  Defires, 

*  by  way  of  Petition,  may  be  cleared  and   vindi- 

*  cated,  according  to  the  fixth  Head  in  the  late  Re- 
'  prefentation  or  Declaration  of  the  Army  fent  from 
«  St.  Allan's  (a}. 

2.  '  That,  in  purfuance  of  the  fame  Head  in  the 

*  faid  Declaration,  the  common  Grievances  of  the 

*  People  may  be  fpeedily  confidered  of,  and  effec- 
'  tually  redrefled  ;  and  in  particular, 


(a)  This  Declaration  is  giycn  at  large,  in  our  Fifteenth  Volume, 
P-  455« 

222  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.       <  That  the  Excife  may   be  taken  off  from   fuck 
t    l647'   j     *  Commodities    whereon    the  poor   People  of  the 
A     ft.        *  Land  do  ordinarily  live,  and  a  certain  Time  to  be 
'  limited  for  taking  off  the  whole. 

*  That  the  Oppreffions   and  Encroachments  of 
'  Foreft  Laws  may  be  prevented  for  the  future. 

«  All  Monopolies,  old  or  new,  and  Reftraintsto 

*  the  Freedom  of  Trade  to  be  taken  off. 

*  That  a    Courfe    may  be  taken,    and    Com- 
'  miflioners  appointed,   to  remedy  and  rectify  the 
'  Inequality  of  Rates  being  upon  feveral  Counties, 
'  and  feveral  Parts   of  each   County,  in  refpe<St  of 

*  others,  and   to  fettle  the  Proportions  for  Land- 
'  Rates   to  more  Equality  throughout  the  King- 

*  dom ;    in   order  to  which   we    (hall    offer  fome 

*  further   Particulars,    which    we    hope    may    be 
<  ufeful. 

*  The  prefent  unequal,  troublefome,  and  con- 

*  tentious    Way   of    Ministers    Maintenance    by 
'  Tythes    to  be  confidered  of,  and  fome  Remedy 
'  applied. 

4  That  the  Rules  and  Courfe  of  Law,  and  the 

*  Officers  of  it,  may  be  fo  reduced  and  reformed, 

*  as  that  all  Suits  and  Queftions  of  Right  may  be 
'  more  clear  and  certain  in  the  Ifiucs,  and  not  fo 

*  tedious  nor  chargeable  in  the  Proceeding  as  now  ; 
'  in  order  to  which  we   {hall   offer  fome  further 

*  Particulars  hereafter. 

4  That  Prifoners  for  Debt,  or  other  Creditors, 

*  who  have  Eftates  to  difcharge  them,  may  not, 
4  by  embracing  Imprifonment  or  any  other  Ways, 

*  have  Advantage  to  defraud  their  Creditors  ;  but 
c  that  the  Eftates  of  all  Men   may  be  fome  Way 

*  made  liable  to  their  Debts,  (as  well  as  Tradcfmeii 

*  are  by  Commiflions  of  Bankrupt)  whether  they 
c  be  imprifoned  for  it  or  not.     And  that  fuch  Pri- 
4  foners  for  Debt,  who   have  not  wherewith   to 
c  pay,  or  at  leaft  to  yield  up  what  they  have  to 

*  their  Creditors,    may  be  freed    from  Imprifon- 
'  ment,  or  fome  Way  provided  for,  fo  as  neither 
'  they  nor  their  Families  may  perifh  by  their  Im- 

*  prifonments. 

«  Some 

•of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  223 

*  Some  Provifions  to  be  made,  that  none  may  An.  -,  c«r.  I. 

*  be    compelled,  by  Penalties  or  otherwifc,  to  an-  ,       "647-     , 
'  fwer  unto  Queftions  tending  to  the  accufmg  of       Ausuft. 

'  themfelves  or  their  neareft  Relations,  in  criminal 
4  Caufes,  and  no  Man's  Life  to  be  taken  away 
.'  under  two  Witnefles. 

*  That  Confideration  may  be  had  of  all  Statutes, 

*  and  the  Laws  or  Cuftoms  of  Corporations,,  im- 

*  pofmg  any  Oaths  ;  either  to  repeal,  or  elfe  to  qua- 
4  lify  and  provide  againft   the  fame,  fo  far  as  they 

*  may  extend  or  be  conftrued  to  the  Molcftation, 
*'or  enfnaring   of  religious   and  peaceable  People, 

*  merely  for  Nonconformity  in  Religion. 

3.  *  That,  according  to  the  fevcnth  Head  in  the 

*  Declaration  of  the  Army,  the  large  Powers  given 

*  to  Committees  or  Deputy-Lieutenants,    during 

*  the  late  Times    of  War    and  Diftradtion,   may 

*  be  fpeedily  taken  into  Confideration,  to  be  re- 
4  called  and  made  void;  and  that  fuch  Powers  of 
4  that  Nature  as  (hall  appear  necefTary   to  be  pon- 

*  tinued,  may  be  put   into  a  regulated  Way,  and 
4  left  to  as  little  Arbitrarinefs  as   the  Nature  and 

*  Neceflity  of  the  Things  wherein  they  areconver- 

*  fant  will  bear. 

4.  *  That,  according  to  the  eighth  Head  in  the 
4  faid  Declaration,  an  effectual  Courfe  may  be  taken 

*  that  the  Kingdom  may  be  righted  and  fatisfied, 

*  in  point  of  Accounts,   for  the  vaft  Sums  that 
f  have  been  levied. 

5.  *  That  Provifion  may  be  made  for  Payment 

*  of  Arrears  to  the  Army,  and  the  reft  of  the  Sol-* 

*  dicrs  of  the  Kingdom,  who  have  concurred  with 

*  the  Army  in  the  late  Defires  and  Proceedings 

*  thereof;  and,  in  the  next  Place,  for  Payment  of  the 
1  public  Debts  and  Damages  of  the  Kingdom;  and 

*  that  to  be  performed,  firfr,  to  fuch  Perfons  whofe 

*  Debts  or  Damages,  upon   the  public  Account, 

*  are  great,  and  their  Eftates  fmall,  fo  as  they  arc 
4  thereby  reduced  to  a  Difficulty  of  Subfiftance  ; 
4  in  order   to  all  which,  and  to   the  fourth  Par- 
4  -ticular  laft   preceeding,    we  (hall   fpeedily    offer 

*  fome  further  Particulars,  in  the  Nature  of  Rules, 

5  '  which 


Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  21  Car.  Ii  c  which  we  hope  will  be  of  good  Ufe  towards  pub- 
l647'        «  lie  Satisfaction.' 


A  Thankfgiving 

By  the  Appointment  of  bis  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  War, 

JO.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

had  kft  the 

The  firft  Thing  the  Lords  ordered   this   Day* 
ayhPPArne's    ~u£'  ^*  was  to  aPPomt  a  Thankfgiving  for  God's 
bringing  baTk  the  great  Mercy,  in    bringing  the   Members   of  both 
Members  that    Houfes  of  Parliament  back  again  to  their  Seats  j 
fa  Safety,  an(j  preferring  them  from  Tumults  with- 
out Bioodflied.     Mr.  Marjhal  and  Mr.  Nye  were 
ordered  to   preach   before    the  Members   of  both 
Houfes  that  Day,  in   the  Abbey  Church  at  Weft- 

The  Commiffioners  of  Parliament,  (thofe  that 
attended  the  Peribn  of  the  King  and  thofe  for  the 
Army)  declared,  that  the  Reafon  they  had  not  given 
the  Lords  any  late  Intelligence,  was,  in  regard  of 
the  Violence  and  Force  that  had  been  lately  ufed 
to  both  Houfes  in  the  Tumult.  On  which  their 
Lordfhips  voted,  Th^t  they  approved  of  what  the 
Commiflioners  had  done,  in  omitting  any  Returns 
to  them  of  their  Employment,  in  refpecl  of  the  late 
great  Difturbances.  —  —  Next  the  following  Vote 
was  agreed  to  : 

Rgfohed,  &c.  c  That  the  Ordinance  of  the  26th 
Bay.<>*  J«fy  laft,  for  revoking  and  making  void  the 
Ordinance  of  the  23d  of  the  fame  Month,  for  fet- 
tljng  tne  Militia  of  the  City  of  London^  being  gained 
from  the  Houfes  by  Force  and  Violence  ;  and  all 
Votes,  Orders,  and  Ordinances,  and  other  A&s 
made,  or  pretended  to  be  made,  fmce  the  faid  Ordi- 
nance, by  any  Perfons  in  either  of  the  Houfes,  by 
Colour  of  Parliament,  before  the  Return  of  Ed- 
ward Earl  of  Manchefter^  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of 
Peers,  and  William  Lenthall.,  Efq.  Speaker  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  are  null  and  void,  and  are 
hereby  declared  fo  to  be.' 

Ordered,  That  thefe  Votes,  &c.  (hould  be  fent 
to  the  Commons  for  their  Concurrence. 

The  Lords  de- 

Interval  to  be 

*f    ENGLAND.  225 

Then  a  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  with  a  An-  *3  Car.  I. 
Declaration  inclofed,   were  both  read  :  ^ ' 

To  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers,  and  WILLIAM 
LENTHALL,  Efq  ;  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons, or  either  of  them. 

Colebrooke,  Aug,  3,   1647. 
Right  Honourable, 

HAving  refolved  on  this  Inclofed,  as  the  Senfe  A  Letter  to  the 
;  of  this  Army,  upon  Occafion   of  the  late  Parliament  from 
Violence  offered  to  yourfelves  and  to  both  Houfes  ££/        ' 
of  Parliament,  I  think  fit  to  tender  the  fame  unto 
you  ;  and  defire  that  you  would  be  pleafed  to  com- 
municate it  to  the  Members  of  both  Houfes  now 
in  the  Army.     I  remain 

Tour  Humble  Servant, 


/^DECLARATION  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War,  on  Behalf  of 
themfelves  and  the  whole  Army,  Jhewing  the  Grounds 
of  their  prefent  Advance  towards  the  City  of 
London  (a). 

Colebrooke,  Augujl  3,   1647. 
€  \\J  HEN  this  Army   was   formerly  led  by  A  Declaration  of 

*  W    the  manifold  Difpenfations  of  God's  Pro- the  Army's  Rea- 
'  vidence,  and  the  Grounds  then  declared,  to  ad- ^g  towSdT' 

'  vance  towards   the  City  of  London,  we  held  it  London. 

*  our  Duty  to  yield  the  Kingdom  the  Sum  of  thofe 
'  Defines,  which  we  had  to  propofe  on  Behalf  of 

*  -it  and  ourfelves,   wherein  we  fhould  acquiefce  : 

*  And  having  received   from  the  'Parliament  fome 

*  Hopes  of  due  Satisfaction  therein,   and  fome  Af- 

*  furance  from  the   Lord  Mayor,   Aldermen,  and 

*  Common  Council  of  the  City  of  London,  of  their 

*  ready  Concurrence  with  us  in  thofe  Things  ;  and 

VOL.  XVI.  P  <  alfo 

(a)  From    the  Original   Edition    at   Oxford,    by  J.   Harris  and 
H,  Hilli,  Printers  to  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  1647, 

226  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  e  ajfo  great  Refolution,  profefTed  by  them,  of  their 
j  c  Care  and  Tendcrnefs  to  preferve  all  the  Rights  and 
'  Privileges  of  Parliament  fafe,  free,  and  inviolate 
'  from  Attempts  of  all  Kinds  ;  we  do  appeal  to 
'  God,  to  the  City,  and  to  all  Men,  what  a  fpeedy 
'  Compliance  their  Defires  for  our  Removal  to  a 

*  further  Diftance  found  in  this  Army;  for  prevent - 
'  ing  all   Fears,  Jealoufies,  and   other  Inconveni- 

*  ences  to  the  City,  and  to  give  clear  Teftimony 

*  that  we  had  nothing  in  our  Breaft  but  Thoughts 
<  of  Peace,  and  the  Good  and  Welfare  both  of  the 

*  Parliament,  City,  and  Kingdom;   notwithftand- 

*  ing  many  falfe  and  fcandalous  Reports  raifed  that 

*  we  fought  our  Selves,  that  we  had  vile  and  wicked 

*  Ends,  and  that  nothing  would  fatisfy  the  Soldiers 

*  but  the  Plunder  of  the  City  ;  the  contrary  where- 

*  of  did  manifeftly   appear,  when  they  fo   readily 

*  marched  back  upon  Hopes  of  Satisfaction  in  their 

*  Defires  of  public  Concernment. 

*  Having  then,  upon  the  aforefaid  Confidence,  fo 
'  withdrawn  ;  and,  out  of  a  juft  Senfe  of  the  Coun- 
'  try's  Suffering  by  quartering,  removed  the  Head- 

*  quarters  of  the  Army  above  forty  Miles  from  Lon- 
'  clan,  and  difperfed   the  reft  well  nigh  200  Miles, 
'  tor  the  more  Eafe  of  all  Parts,  and  that  we  might 

*  give  the  better  Satisfaction  to  the  Kingdom  ;  and 
4  being  in  this  fecure  Way,  and  labouring  after  the 
'  fudden  Settlement  of  the  Kingdom,  we  had  even 
'  brought    to   Perfection   the    particular  Propofals 

*  (included  in  the  Generals  of  our  firft  Reprefen- 

*  ration)  to  be  fent  to  the  Parliament  for  a  final 

*  Conciufion  ^f  .ill  ourTroubles;  and  alfo  had  made 
'  good  Progreis  towards  the  prefent  Relief  of  dif- 
'  trefled   Ireland^  by  iJli/ning   a   competent  Force 
'  both  of  Horfe  and  Foot  forthwith  to  have  ad  van* 

*  ccd  for  that  Service. 

'  But  the  Kingdom's  and  our  Enemies  being 
'  moft  vigilant  and  active  to  prevent  a:id  fruftrate 
'  thofe  good  Intentions  and  Endeavours  of  ours> 
'  (that  they  might  carry  on  their  former  evil  De- 
'  ligns,  end  under-hand  rraftices,  and  alfo  preferve 

*  themfelves  from  the  Hands  of  Juftice)  have  en- 

'  deavoured 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  227 

*  deavoured  to  caft  the  Kingdom  into  a  new  and  An.  23  Car.  I, 

*  bloody  War ;  and  for  that  End  have  procured  the 

*  under-hand  Lifting  of  feveral  Reformadoes  and 
'  others ;  have  contrived,  promoted,  and  caufed  to 

*  be  entered  into  by  feveral  Perfons,  a  wicked  and 
'  treafonable  Combination  as  is  fufficiently  mani- 

*  fefted  by  a  Declaration  patted  thereupon  by  both 
'  Houfes  of  Parliament  the  2^d  of  July  laft,  for 
4  Prevention  of  the  Difturbances  that  were  like  to 
6  enfue  thereupon  :  From  which  Kind  of  Diforders 

*  the  City  hath  been  well  preferved  during  the  Space 
'  of  almoft  four  Years,  whilft  the  Militia  was  iri 
'  the  Hands  of  the  old  Commiflioners ;  whereby 

*  it  appears  there  was  Caufe  for  the  Army  to  intreat 

*  the  Parliament  that  the  Militia  might  be  returned 

*  into  the  Hands  it  was  in  before,  as  alfo  for  divers 

*  other  good  Reafons. 

'  rirft.*  The  old  Commiffioners  of  the  Militia, 

*  that  have  been  fince  left  put,  were  not  only  Per- 

*  fons  without  all  Exception,  having  been  formerly 
'  chofen  and  approved  by  the  Parliament  and  City, 

*  but  alfo  Men  of  whom  the  City,  Parliament,  and 
'  Kingdom,  have  had  above  four  Years  Experience 

*  in  the  faithful  Difcharge  of  their  Truft  :   Men 
'  that  ever   from  the  Beginning,  in  the  worft  of 

*  Times,  and  in  the  Occafions  of  greateft  Difficul- 

*  ty,  had  faithfully  and  constantly  engaged  for  and 
«  with  the  Parliament   in  this  Caufe :  Men  that 
<  were  always  moft  defirous  of  a  Peace,  but  of  a  fafe 

*  and   well-grounded    one,    and    that   had   always 
«  testified  a  great  Care  to  prevent  all  Occafions  of 

*  embroiling  the  Kingdom  in  a  new  War.     Now 

*  that,  on  a   fudden,  this  Truft,  which  they   had 
'  faithfully  difcharged  fo  long,  fhould  be  taken  out 
'  of  their  Hands,  and  put  into  the  Hands  of  others, 

*  fome  whereof,    at  the  beft,   have  been  very  cool 

*  in  the  Service  of  the  Parliament  at  the  Begin- 
«  ning  of  this  War  :  That  this  fhould  be  prefled, 

*  and  in  a  Manner  forced    upon  the  Parliament, 

*  with  fuch  Importunity  from  the  Common  Coun- 

*  cil,  that  fome  out  of  every  Ward  fhould  be  ap- 

Pa  *  pointed 

228  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  c  pointed  to  follicit  the  Members  of  the  Houfe  of 
4  Commons,  every  Day  as  they  went  in  and  out 
'  of  the  Houfe,  with  Profeflions,  That  they  would 
'  never  leave  the  Door  of  the  Houfe  till  they  were 
e  fatisned  in  their  Defires :  That  they  would  not 
4  be  contented  with  the  Militia  of  the  City  of  Lon- 
4  don  only,  unlefs  they  might  have  Power  over  that 
4  of  the  Suburbs  and  Out-parts  ;  and  all  this  before 
6  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  was  fettled,  or  the 
c  Proportions  fent  to  the  King  for  that  Purpofe. 
4  Thefe  Things  miniftred  great  Caufe  of  Sufpicion 
4  that  this  Alteration  of  the  Militia  was  in  order 
4  to  a  Defign,  and  to  make  the  Terms  of  the  Peace 
e  and  Agreement  with  the  King  (on  which  the 
4  Security  of  the  whole  Kingdom  and  their  Pofte- 
4  rity  is  to  be  bottomed)  more  fuitable  to  the  pri- 

*  vate  Bargainings  and  Undertakings  offomeMen, 
4  than  to  the  public  Welfare  of  the  whole  King- 
4  dcm  in  its  Security  and  Profperity,   for  the  prefent 
4  and  in  future  Times.     But  this  Defign  difcover'd 
4  itfelf  more  clearly  by  fuch  Things  as  accompanied 

*  the  Purfuit  of  this  Alteration  of  the  Militia,  and 
4  enfued  upon  the  obtaining  thereof :  At  the  fame 
4  Time  that  the  Alteration  of  the  Militia  was  fet 
4  on  Foot,  the  fame  Perfons,   with  as  much  Ear- 
6  neftnefs,  prefled  for  the  Difbanding  of  this  Army, 

*  before  any  thing  was  fettled  for  the  Security  and 
c  Liberties  of  the  Kingdom.     At  the  fame  Time 
4  the  Common  Council  was  new  modelled,  and  a 
c  Lord  Mayor  chofen  that  might  fuit  with  the  pre- 
4  fent  Defign  in  hand  :  At  the  fame  Time  (under 

*  Colour  of  Differences  in  fome  Circumftances  of 
4  Church-Government)    it  was    earneftly   endea- 
4  voured  that  fuch  as  had  been  conftantly  true  and 
4  moft  faithful  to  the  Intereft  of  this   Kingdom, 
«  fhould  be  difabled  to  have  any  Employment  in 
«  Church  or  Commonwealth  either  in  England  or 
4  Ireland:  And,  without  any  Colour  or  Pretence, 
c  divers    Perfons  were  left   out  of  the   Common 

*  Council  and  Militia,  of  eminent  Deferts  and  Fi- 
c  delity,  and  others  brought  into  their  room,  that 

*  had 

^ENGLAND,  229 

'  had  either  teftified    an  ill  Affeclion,  or  little  Af-  An.  23  Car.  T. 
'  feclion,  to  the  Parliament  and  their  Caufe ;  and    t_*64"7'    , 
1  fuch  as  Teemed  to  withdraw   themfelves  from   all       ^ugvift, 
'  Employment  in  the  Beginning  of  this  War,  now 
'  at  the  winding  up  thereof,  are  amhitious  to  thruft 

*  themfelves  into  Employments  ;  with  a  Defign,  as 
'  may  juftly  be  fufpe£ted,   to  fruftrate  and   over- 

*  throw,  in  the  Clofe  of  all,  the  Fruit  and  EffecT:  of 
'  all  the  Coft  and  Blood  that  hath  been  fpent  and 

*  fpilt  in  this  Caufe  :  And  after  that  with  Difficul- 

*  ty,  and  not  without  Reluftancy  in  the  Houfes  of  , 
4  Parliament,  they  had  obtained  the  Power  of  the 

4  Militia  of  London,  and  alfo  in  the  Out-parts,  for 
4  the  Space  of  one  Year,  many  chief  Officers  and 
4  under-officers  in  the  Train'd  Bands,  of  known 
'  Truft  and  Fidelity,  were  difplaced,  and  others  of 

*  more  doubtful  Affe&ions   placed  in  their  room  ; 
4  little  Care  was  taken  of  the  Honour  of  the  Par- 
1  1  iament,  which  was  continually  trampled  under 
4  Foot,  and    their  Authority    affronted,   by  every 
4  Rabble  of  Women,  Apprentices,   Reformadoes, 
4  and  Soldiers ;  which  latter  Sort  of  Perfons  were 
4  thereby  fo  encouraged   to  rife  higher  and  higher 

*  in  their  tumultuous  Carriages  againft  the  Houfes, 
4  till  at  length  it  is  rifen  to  the  Height  of  barbarous 
4  and  Monftrous  Violence  againft  the  Parliament, 
4  that  they  might  fet  themfelves  on  Work  and  the 
4  Kingdom  on  Fire  again  ;    And  now  at  length 
4  the  Defign  appears  open  faced ;  and  though  the 

*  Militia  be  made  as  the  principal  Ground  of  the 

*  Quarrel,  yet,  by  the  late  Vow  and  Engagement, 

*  fet  on  Foot  before  any  Alteration  of  the  Militia, 

*  and  the  prefling  fo  much  the  Meflage  of  the  I2th 

*  of  May,  and  the  King's  coming  to  London  to  con- 

*  firm  the  fame,  they  ftiew  that  the  Militia  is  de- 

*  fired  but  in  order  to  that  Defign,   and  to  force  the 

*  Parliament,  being  wholly  in  their  Power,  to  fuch 

*  Terms  of  Peace  as  they  pleafed. 

*  In  the  next  Place,  when  the  Intereft  of  the 

*  Common  Council,   in  their  Change  of  the  Mili- 
4  tia,  fhall  be  claimed  as  the  Birthright  of  the  City 

*  of  London  (which  they  never  had  any  Colour 

P    1  '  tQ 

23*3  Vhe  Parli at?ient ary  HISTORY 

a?  Car.  I.  <  to  pretend  to,  faving  by  the  Indulgency  of  the 
*  ^  j  (  Parliament  unto  them  fmce  this  Parliament,  in, 
Augu&  '  refpecl  of  the  great  Ufe  they  have  had  of  them, 

*  and  the  many  good   Services  they  have  received 
'  from  them)  it  is  Time  for  all   the  Kingdom  to 
<  look  to  their  Birthrights,  if  fuch  a  Claim  {hall  be 
€  held  up  againft  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  That 
'  upon  no  Occafion  whatfoever,  nor  in  no  Time  of 

*  Danger    and   Diftra&ion  whatfoever,  they   may 
c  appoint  thofe   that  {hall  have  the  Power  of  the 

*  Militia  of  London  without'the  Confent  of  the  Com- 

*  mon  Council,  efpecially  when  as  the  Houfes  {hall 
c  fit   under   their  Power :  The  late  Example  may 

*  evidence  to  all  the  World  who  {hall  be  Mailers 
'  of  the  Parliament's    Freedom  and    Refolutions ; 
'  and  common  Reafon  will   teach  every  Man  who 
'  (hall  be  Mafters  of  the  Birthrights   of  the  whole 
e  Kingdom,  when  there  {hall  be  no  Army  on  Foot, 
'  when  they  have  the  Confidence  to  difpute  for  the 

*  Maftery,  notwithftanding  fuch  an  Army  as  this  to 

*  check  and  balance  them  in  Behalf  of  the  Kingdom 
c  and  Parliament. 

Laftly,  l  The  Army  difcermng  how  intimate  fom,e 
'  of  the  Militia  were  with  fome  of  the  eleven  accufed 

*  Members  ;  how  forward  they  were  to  comply  and 
'  aft  with  them  in  their  Endeavours  to  raife  a  new 
'  War  j  how  they  made  eighteen  or  nineteen  Votes 

*  thereunto,  together  with  them,  in  one  Night,   all 

*  which   the    Common  -  Council,    and  Parliament 
c  difliked  and  revoked  ;  how  notwithftanding  they 

*  afterwards  fecretly  promoted  their  Defigns  by  pri- 

*  vate  Liftings,  which  now  appear  to  have  been  ftill 
'  working  under  Ground  : 

*  The  Army,   we  fay,  obferving  this,   and  ha- 

*  ving  no  more  in  their  Thoughts  and  Defires  than. 

*  to  fettle  a  fpeedy,  fafe,  and  well-grounded  Peace, 
f  and  to  prevent  a  new  War,   found  it  neceffary  to 

*  dcfire,  That  the   Militia  might  be  put  into  the 
'  Hands  wherein  it  was  formerly,  who  had  appro- 

*  ved   themfelves  both   to  the  Army,  Parliament, 

*  and   Kingdom,    to  be  fober-mincied   IvL'n,    and 

*  not    given    to    any   Practices    whereby   a  new 

«  War 

of   E  NG  L  A  N  D.  231 

•*  XVar  might  be  kindled  ;  to  the  Intent  that  the  An-  23  c«- 

*  Army,  being  fecurcd  by  that  Means   from  that        l 

*  Danger,  might,  with  the  more  Confidence,  retire 

*  farther  from  the  City,   enlarge  their  Quarters  for 

*  the  greater   Eafe  of  the   Kingdom,  and  intend 

*  wholly  the  fettling  of  a  fure  Peace  in  this  King- 

*  dom,   and   a  fpeedy  and  effectual   Relief  of  Ire- 

*  land ;  which  was  almoft  brought  to  a  Period,  and 
'  nothing  in  the  Sight  of  Man  could  have  hinder- 

*  ed,  but  the  curled  Violence  upon  the  Parliament 
4  under  Pretence  of  the  Militia  ;  which,  according 
c  to  our  Defire,  being  reftored  again  into  the  Hands 

*  of  the  old  Commiffioners,  by  an  Ordinance  of 
'  both  Houfes,  dated  July  23  :  In  purfuance  of  the 
'  aforefaid  treafonable  Combination,  feveral  Peti- 
'  tions  were  prefented    to    the  Common-Council 

*  of  the  City  of  London^  in  the  Name  of  Appren- 
c  tices,    and  others,  importing  their   Defires  that 

*  the  Militia  of  the  City  might   continue'  in  the 
'  Hands  of  the  former  Commiffioners,  according  to 

*  the  Ordinance  of  the  4th  of  May  laft :  Where- 
e  upon,   Monday    July   26,    the  Common -Council 

*  of  the  City  prefent  their  Petitions  to  both  Houfes 
'  for  changing  the  Militia ;   wherein  the  Houfe  of 

*  Lords  refufe  to    alter  their  Refolutions.      The 

*  Houfe  of  Commons  anfwered,  They  would  take 
'  it  into  Confideration  next  Morning  :  Notwith- 

*  {landing  which,  the  City  and  Kingdom  cannot  be 
'  ignorant  with  what  Rage  and  Infolency  the  Tu- 

*  mult  of  Apprentices,  the  fame  Day,  forced  both 
'  Houfes  :  They  blocked  up  their  Doors,  fwearing 
'  they  would  keep  them  in  till  they  had  pafled  what 

*  Votes  they  pleafed  :  They  threatened  the  Houfes 

*  if    they  granted    not  their   Defires ;    knocking, 
4  hooting,    and    hollowing    fo  at  the  Parliament- 
'  Doors,  that   many   Times  the  Members    could 

*  not  be  heard  to  fpeak  or  debate ;  not  fuffering 
4  the  Houfe  of  Commons  to  divide  for  determining 

*  fuch  Queftions  as  were  put ;    crying  out,  That 
'  thofe  that  gave  their  Votes  again/}  them  Jhould  be 
'  fent  out  to  them ;  very  often  and   loudly  crying, 

*  dgree,  agree ;  difpatch^  we'll  wait  no  longer  j  and 

P  4  *  in 

232  *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I. c  in  this  outrageous  Manner  they  continued  at  the 

1647.         (•  Houfe  above   eight   Hours   together,  neither  the 

*    A   uft      '  *  ^'ty  Guards  tnere  prefent,  nor  the  City,  relieving 

*  them  j  by  reafon  whereof  the  Houfe .  was  forced 
4  to  vote  what  that  rude  Multitude  would  demand, 

*  and  then  adjourned  thcmlelves  till  next  Morning; 
4  after  which   the  Houfe  rifing,  (the  Speaker  and 

*  many  of  the  Members  going  out  of  the  Houfe) 

*  they  forced  them  back  again  into  the  Houfe,  many 
4  of  the  Apprentices  preffing  in  with  them  ;  where 
4  they   flood  with   their  Hats  on  their  Heads,  and 
4  compelled  the  Speaker  to  take  the  Chair,  and  the 
4  Houfe  to  vote,  in  their  Prefence,  what  they  pleaf- 
4  ed  ;  committing  many  other  Infolences,  as  is  pub- 
4  lifhed  by  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
4  in  his  Declaration  (£),  and  is  too  well  known  by 
4  all    then   prefent  :  And  during  the  Time  of  this 
'  execrable  Violence  done  by  the  faid  Apprentices, 
4  WejlmirJler-Hall  and  the  Palace-Yard  were  filled 
4  with  Reformadoes  and  other  ill-affe&ed  Perfons 
'  defigned  to  back  them. 

c  After  tn's,  the  Houfes  being  adjourned  'till  Fri- 
4  day  following,  upon  the  Tbwfday  the  Appentices 

*  printed  and  pofted  a  Paper  in  feveral  Places  of  the 
4  City,  r  quiring  all  their  Fellows  to  be  early  at  the 
4  Parliament  the  next  Morning,  for  that  they  in- 

*  tended  to  adjourn  by  Seven  of  the  Clock,  and  that 
4  for  a  Month. 

4  Thus  the  Speakers,  with  many  of  the  Mem- 

*  hers  of  both  Houfes,  were  driven  away  from  the 

*  Parliament. 

4  This  being  the  true  State  of  Things  as  they 

*  have  broke  forth  within  thefe  few  Days,  (which 
4  are  fo  contrary  to  all  thofe   Pretences  of  Peace, 
4  and   Deteftation    of  a  new  War  of  late    fo  fre- 
4  quently  held  forth  on  all  Sides)  all  Men  may  ob- 

*  lerve  to  what  Maturity  the  long  projected  Defign 

*  of  fome  Men  (of  whom  are  thofe  that  are  im- 

*  peached    by   us)    is  now  brought,  and  may  be 
4  traced  in  the  feveral    Steps  thereof,  as   it  hath 

*  tended 

ft)  The  Army's  thus  referring  to  the  Speaker's  Declaration  feems 
to  confirm  the  Account  given  of  that  Matter  at  p.  2«o. 

0f    ENGLAND.  233 

'  tended  to  the  Enflaving  this  Kingdom,  and  the  An-  23  Car. 

'  Deftructicn  of  all  fuch  well-affeaed  People  who  ^__ 

'  would  not  comply  with  them  therein  ;  fo  as,  by 

4  what  is  now  come  to  light,  the  Juftnefs  of  that 

4  Caufe  this  Army  had  engaged  themfelves  in,  and 

4  the  great  and  wonderful  Mercy  of  God  in  con- 

'  tinuing  them  together,  we  affure  ourfelves,   doth 

'  now  clearly  appear  to  all  Men's  Eyes  and  Appre- 

4  henfions  ;  and  will  every  Day  more  and  more  be 

4  acknowledged,  even  by  thofe  that  haye  heretofore 

4  made  a  Queftion  of  it. 

(  And  if  when  this  Kingdom  hath  fpent  fo  much 

*  of  its  Blood  and  Treafure,  hath   pafled  through 
'  fuch  unheard    of  Dangers,  and   overcome    fuch 
4  Difficulties  fo  many  Years  together,  all  that  they 
4  muft  now  hope  for,  and  reft  in,  muft  only  be 

*  what  the  King  grants  in  his  Meifage  of  the  i2th 

*  of  May  laft  :    And  if  this  muft  be  impofed  upon 

*  Men's  Judgments  and  Confciences  by   an  Oath 

*  and  Vow,  entered  into  in  a  tumultuous  and  un- 

*  lawful   Way,    and    by   Outrage  maintained,   in 

*  Defpight  and   Contempt   of  the   Parliament :  If 
1  rather  than  this   fhould  not  be  accomplifhed,  the 

*  Parliament  itfelf  muft  be  violated  and  forced  in- 
'  to  the  Hands  of  fuch  of  the  Members  thereof  as 

*  have  fecretly  fomented  and  abetted  thefe  Prac- 
'  tices,  to  the  end  that  thefe  hidden  Councils  and 

*  Works  of  Darknefs   might,  when  they  come  to 

*  their  full  Birth,  have  the  Image  of  higheft  Au- 
'  thority  in  the  Face  of  them,    the  better  to  gain 

*  Credit  thereunto,  and  fecure  the  Authors  of  them 

*  from  Punifhment :  For  the  Evidence  of  all  which 

*  we  refer  ourfelves  to  the  Particulars  in  our  Charge 

*  againft    the    Eleven  Members,   compared  with 
4  thofe  Paflages  of  late  broke  forth,  before  rehear- 
4  fed  :    Unto  which  we  {hall  now  only  add,  and 

' 4  leave  it  to  the  Confideration  of  all  wife  and  good 
4  Men,  with  what  Artifice  and  Boldnefs  thefe 
4  Members  have  ferved  themfelves  of  thofe  horrid 

*  Tumults  and  Violences  of  their  own  creating, 
'  inftead   of  {hewing    their  Deteftation   of  them, 
'  again  to  intrude  themfelves  into  the  public  ma- 

'  naging 

234  y&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  43  Car.  I.  *  nJiging  of  Affairs,  and  inevitably  to  embroil  the 
j647-  ^  «  Kingdom  in  a  new  War ;  which  their  own  Rc- 
"  v  *  vengc,  and  the  compafling  of  their  former  Plots 

*  and  Defigns,  makes  them  fo  greedily  thirft  after. 

*  If  thefe  Things,  we  fay,  muft  be  the  End   and 

*  Upfhot  of  all,  what  then  remains   to  this  poor 
«  Kingdom  and  all  true-hearted  Engllfomen^  but  to 

*  join  together,  as  one  Man,  with  their  Counfels, 
'  Eftates,  and  Lives  in  this  Way,  as  our  laft  Refuge 
'  under  God ;  which  he,  by  his  wife  and  gracious 
'  Providence  hath  provided  and  referred,  by  keep- 

*  ing  up  this  Army  even  to  a  Miracle,  fo  to  prevent 
e  the  aforefaid  Evils,  and  to  procure  to  this  dying 
'  Kingdom  yet  a  fettled  Peace  and  Happinefs,  if  it 
«  be  his  blefled  Will  ? 

'  Thefe  Things  being  ferioufiy  confidcred  by 
'  us,  we   have  thought  fit,   in  the  Name  of   the 

*  Army,    to  declare,  Th'.t  all  fuch  Members  of 

*  either   Houfe  of  Parliament  as  are  already  with 
c  the  Army,  or,  for  the  fecuring  of  their  Perfons, 
'  and  for  the  Ends  aforefaid,  are  forced  to  abfent 

*  themfelves  from   Weftminjler^  that  we  (hall  hold 

*  and  efteem  them  as  Perfons  in  whom  the  public 

*  Trufl  of  the  Kingdom  is  ftill  remaining,  though 
'  they  cannot,  for  the  prefent,  fit  as  a  Parliament, 

*  with  Freedom  and   Safety,  at  Weftminfter  \   and 
'  by  whofe  Advice  and  Councils  we  defire  to  go- 

*  vtrn  ourfelves  in  the  managing  thefe  weighty  Af- 

*  fairs  :  And  to  that  End  we  invite  them  to  make 
'  Repair  to  this  Army,   to  ]oin   with   us   in   this 
'  gjeat  Cpnfe,  we  being  refolved,  and  do  hereby 
'  faithfully    oblige    ourfelves,    to    ftand  by    them 
f  therein,  and  to  live  and  die  with  them  againft  all 

*  Oppofition  whatfoever ;  and,  in  particular,  we  do 

*  hold  ourfelves  bound  to  own  that  honourable  Aft 
'  of  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  who, 
'  upon  the  Grounds  he  himfelf  exprefled  in  his  De- 
'  claration  fent  unto  us,  hath  actually  withdrawn 
'  himfelf:  And  hereupon  we  do  further  engage  to 
'  ufe  our  utmoft  and  fpeedy  Endeavours,   that  he 
4  and  thofe  Members  of  either  Houfe  that  are  thus 
1  inforced  away  from  their  Attendance  at 

of  ,E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

f  Jler,  may,  with  Freedom  and  Security,  fit  there,  An.  23  Car.  I« 
and  again  difcharge  their  Truft  as  a  free  and  le-  '« 
gal  Parliament ;  and,  in  the  mean  Time,  we  do 
declare  againft  that  late  Choice  of  a  new  Speaker 
by  fome  Gentlemen  at  Weftmlnfter,  as  contrary 
to  all  Right,  Reafon,  Law,  and  Cuftom  :  And 
we  profefs  ourfelves  to  be  moft  clearly  fatisfied 
in  all  our  Judgments,  and  are  alfo  confident  the 
Kingdom  will  herein  concur  with  us,  that,  as 
Things  now  ftand,  there  is  no  free  nor  legal 
Parliament  fitting,  being,  through  the  aforefaid 
Violence,  at  prefent,  fufpended.  And  that  the 
Orders,  Votes,  or  Refolutions  forced  from  the 
Houfes  on  Monday  the  26th  of  July  laft,  as  alfo 
all  fuch  as  (hall  pafs  in  this  AfTembly  of  fome  few 
Lords  and  Gentlemen  at  Wejlminfter^  under 
what  Pretence  and  Colour  foever,  are  void  and 
null,  and  ought  not  to  be  fubmitted  to  by  the 
free-born  Subjects  of  Endgland.  And  that  we 
may  prevent  that  Slavery  defigned  upon  us  and 
the  Nation,  and  that  the  Kingdom  may  be  re- 
ftored  to  the  happy  State  of  a  vifible  Govern- 
ment now  eclipfed  and  darkned,  we  hold  our- 
felves  bound,  by  our  Duty  to  God  and  the  King- 
dom, to  bring  to  condign  Punimment  the  Au- 
thors and  Promoters  of  that  unparallel'd  Vio- 
lence done  to  the  Parliament,  and,  in  that,  to 
all  the  free-born  Subjects  of  England  that  are,  or 
hereafter  fhall  be  ;  and  therefore  we  are  refolved 
to  march  up  towards  London^  where  we  do  ex- 
pect that  the  well-affected  People  of  that  City 
will  deliver  up  unto  us  (or  otherwife  put  into 
fafe  Cuftody,  fo  as  they  may  be  referved  to  a  le- 
gal Trial)  the  Ele\en  impeached  Members  that 
have  again  thruft  themfelves  into  the  Manage- 
ment of  public  Affairs,  by  this  wicked  Defign  ; 
and  that  all  others  will  give  us  fuch  Aflitlarce 
therein,  that  the  Members  of  both  Houfes  may 
receive  due  PJncouragement  to  return  to  Wejf- 
minfter^  there  to  fit  with  all  Freedom,  and  fo  to 
perform  their  Truft  as  (hall  conduce  to  the  Set- 
dement  of  this  diftmcled  Kingdom  j  and  to  in- 

236  The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  R  y 

An.  23  c,r.  I.  «  fljcl;  fuch  Punifhments  upon  thofe  late  Offender;, 

v *  47'      ,  c  as  fhall  deter  any  for  the  future  to  make  the  like 

Auguft.        '  Attempt. 

'  We  appeal  to  all  the  Kingdom  if  we  have  not  had 
'  a  very  tender  Care  of  the.  City  of  London  ;  their 
6  CommiJJioners  will  witnefs  it  (c)  ;  our  Lives  have 
'  not  been  dear  unto  us  for  the  Public  Good  ;  and 
'  being  now  refolv'd,  by  the  Afliftance  of  God,  to 

*  bring  thefe  Delinquents  to  their  deferved  Punifh- 
'  ment,  as  that  than   which   there  cannot   be   any 
(  Thing  of  more  public  Concernment  to  the  King- 
'  dom,  we  truft,  if  it  (hall  come  to  that,  our  Blood 
'  fhall  not  be  accounted  tbodear  a  Price  for  the  Ac- 

*  complifhment  of  it ;  and  if  any  in  the  City  will 
'  engage  themfelves,  againft   us,  to   protect  thofe 
'  Perfons,  and  fo  put  the  Kingdom  again  into  a  new 
e  and  miferable  War,  the  Blood   muft  be  laid    to 

*  the  Account  of  fuch  Perfons  as  are  the  Authors 
«  thereof. 

'  And,  laftly,  becaufe  it  is  the  main  Engine  ot 
'  our  and  the  Kingdom's  Enemies  to  render  us 
'  odious,  by  pofleffing  the  Minds  of  Men  that  we 
c  gape  only  after  the  Plunder  of  this  great  and 

*  wealthy  City  ;  as  the  Experience  of  the  contrary 
'  Carriage  in  all  Towns  that  we  have  taken  yield- 
'  eth  unto  us  a  Teftimony  beyond  the  Example  of 

*  any  Army,  fo  we  do   from  our  Hearts  declare, 

*  that  we  abhor  the  Thought  thereof:  And   we 
4  doubt  not  but  the  World   fhall  fee  our  Actions 

*  anfwerable  to  our  Profeflions,  and  that  we  fhall 
'  not  caufe  any  Man  to  fuffer  but  by  his  own  De- 

*  fault ;  and  that  God  will  manifeft  we  have  only 

*  in  our  Eyes  that  Juftice  may  have  a  free  Courfev 
'  the  Parliament  a  free  Sitting  and  Voting,  and  a 

*  full  Vindication  of  the  late  Violence  done  to 
«  them.       - 

«  And  as  for  the  City  of  Weftminfter\  the  Bo- 
'  rough  of  Southward  the  Hamlets,  and  the  reft 

*  of  the  Suburbs  and  Out-parts,  as  we  are  inform'd 

*  that  they  are  not  fo  ready  to  engage  themfelves  in 

*  a  new  War  as  fome  would  have  them,  fo  weare 

«  fen- 
(c)  This  Pafiage  in  Italic  is  omitted  in  Mr.  Rujfaetrtb* s  CeUeflhn.'t 

^ENGLAND,  237 

*  fenfible  of  the  hard   Condition  they  are  brought  An.  23  car.  I. 
6  into,  even  by  them  that  claim  a  Right  againft  both  L      l647-     ^ 

*  Houfes   of  Parliament,  (a  ftrange  Claim  againft        Auguft. 

*  a  Parliament,    though    more  reafonable    againft 

*  others)  not  to  be  fubje&ed  to  a  Militia  without 
'  their  own  Confent ;  and  yet  will  not  be  content- 
4  ed  unlefs   they   may    have  others  fubjected   unto 
1  them,  and  lay  what  Burthens  they  pleafe  upon 

*  them,  without  allowing  them  any  Part  of  Vote 

*  or  Confent  with  them ;  in  which  Points  of  com- 

*  mon  Right  and  Equity  we  {hall  not  be  wanting, 

*  in  a  due  Way,  to  affift  them  for  the  obtaining  of 
4  their  juft  Defires  and  Immunities  j  it  being  our 

*  chief  Aim  to  fettle  Peace,  with  Truth  and  Righte- 
c  oufnefs,  throughout  the  Kingdom,  and  that  none 

*  may  be  oppreffed  in  his  juft  Freedom  and  Liber- 
4  ties,  much  lefs  the  Parliament  itfelf :  Which  be- 

*  ing  duly  fettled,  we  fhall  be  as  ready  alfo  to  allure 
'  unto  the  King  his  juft  Rights  and  Authority,   as 

*  any  that   pretend  it  never  fo  much  for  the  better 

*  upholding  of  an  ill  Caufe,  and  the  Countenance 
4  of  tumultuous  Violence  againft  the  Parliament. 
c  The  which  our  honeft,  juft,   and  neceflary  Un- 

*  dertakings,  as  we  are  refolved  to  purfue  with  the 

*  utmoft  Hazard  of  our  Lives  and  Fortunes,  fo  we 

*  dout  not  but  we    fliall  find  God's   accuftomed 
'  Goodnefs  and  Affiftance  with  us  therein,  till  we 

*  have  brought  them  to  a  good  and  happy  Conclu- 
'  fion    for   this  poor,  diftra&ed,    and   languifhing 

*  Kingdom. 

By  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  IVar^ 

J.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

The  fame  Declaration,  from  the  General,  was  sir  Thoma* 
fent  to  the  City ;  which  being  back'd  by  the  whole  Fairfax  marches 
Power   of   the    Army's   Encampment    on    Houn-  '^Vout'oppofi- 
Jlow-Heath^    and  a   Party  of   Col .    Rainfborougti 's  tion ; 
Horfe  entering  Soutbwark^  and  planting  Ordnance 
againft  the  Gate  on  the  Bridge,  the  Citizens  were 
foon  brought  to  a  Submiffion  they   confented  to 



23  Car-  I*. 



floe  Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  R  V 

the  General's  Propofals,  and  admitted  him  into  the 
City;  they  revoked  a  (g]  long  Declaration  publiftied 
by  Order  of  the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and 
Commons  in  Common  Council  afiembled  a  few 
Days  before,  wherein  all  the  prefent  Confufions 
were  charged  to  the  Army's  Account ;  they  fent 
Letters  to  the  General,  by  a  Committee  of  Alder- 
ceedings  againft  men  and  Commons,  to  congratulate  his  Excellen- 
tbe  Army.  Cy»s  Arrival  in  London  ;  they  gave  Orders  to  pre- 
pare for  him  a  Prefent  of  a  Bafon  and  Ewer  of 
Gold  to  the  Value  of  above  iooo/.  and  alfo  in- 
vited him  and  his  Officers  to  a  fplendid  Entertain- 
ment at  the  Guldhall :  But  the  General,  well 
knowing  all  this  to  be  a  forced  Compliment,  de- 
clined accepting  of  thefe  Peace- Offerings  ;  giving 
the  Citizens  for  a  Reafon,  That  the  Settlement  of 
the  Nation  demanded  his  whole  Time  and  Atten- 
tion.   Mr.  Ludlow  makes  this  fhrewd  Remark 

upon  the  Behaviour  of  the  Citizens  at  this  Crifis  : 
*  The  Face  of  Affairs  in  the  City  was  at  this  Time 
very  various,  according  to  the  different  Advices* 
they  received ;  for  upon  the  Report  of  the  Advance 
of  the  Army,  and  the  taking,  of  fome  of  their 
Scouts,  they  cried  out,  Treat,  Treat :  And  at  an- 
other Time,  being  informed  that  Men  lifted  in 
great  Numbers,  the  Word  was,  Live  and  die. 
Live  and  die ;  but  when  South-Mark  had  let  in  part 
of  the  Army,  and  joined  with  them,  they  return'd 
to  the  former  Cry  of  Treat^  Treat ;  to  which  the 
Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen,  and  Common  Council 
confenting,  were  ready  to  admit  the  Army  as  Friends, 
being  not  able  to  oppofe  them  as  Enemies.' — To  this 
Lord  Holies  adds  (£),  '  That,  fome  few  Days  after, 
Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and*the  whole  Army  marched 
in  Triumph,  with  Laurel  in  their  Hats  as  Con- 
querors, through  the  fubdued  City  of  London,  t'o 
fhew  it  was  at  his  Mercy  ;  which,  fays  his  Lord- 
fhip,  was  an  airy  Vanity,  I  confefs  above  my  Un- 
derftanding,  and  might  have  raifcd  a  Spirit  of  In- 
dignation, not  fo  eafyly  to  have  been  laid.  But  a1 


(g)  This  Declaration  of  the  City  is  in  Rufiwrtb,  Vol.  VI.  p.  64^ 
(I)  Memoirs,  p,  i63. 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  239 

higher  Infolency  of  an  Army  compos'd  of  fo  mean  Am  zj  car.  I. 
People,  and  a  more  patient  humble  Submiflion  and    t    *  *7'  ^ 
Bearing  of  a  great  and  populous  City,  but  a  little       Auguft. 
before   fo  full  of  Honour  and  Greatnefs,  was,   I 
think,  never  heard  of.' 

To  return  to  IVeJlmlnJler. 

The  Lords  having  read  the  foregoing  Declara-  The  General  re- 
tion  from  the  General  and  his  Council  of  War,  to  ^jives.thef     A 
fhew  their  Gratitude  for  his  fignal  Services,  voted,  Houfes!  ° 
That  they  approved  of  it,   and  of  all  his  Proceed- 
ings in  bringing  up  the  Army  in  Purfuance  of  thofs 
Ends :  That  he  fhould  have  the  Thanks  of  their 
Houfe  for  the  fame ;    and  that  he  be  defired  to  ' 

take  Care,  for  the  future,  that  the  Parliament  fit 
in  Safety  and  Freedom,  to  difcharge  the  great  Af- 
fairs of  the  Kingdom,  and  be  protected  from  Tu- 
mults and  Diforders.  Ordered  alfo,  That  a  Chair 
be  fet  for  him  within  the  Bar  of  the  Houfe,  when 
he  is  called  in  to  receive  their  Thanks.  Accord- 
ingly the  Earl  of  Mulgrave  and  the  Lord  Wharton^ 
being  appointed  to  go  to  the  General  and  bring  him 
to  the  Houfe,  he  came,  and  was  placed  in  a  Chair  ; 
when  the  Speaker  acquainted  him  with  the  Order, 
and  gave  him  Thanks  in  the  Name  of  the  Houfe 
of  Lords.  The  fame  was  done  to  him  alfo  by  the 
Commons.  / 

Ordered,  That  a  Committee  of  Lords  may  be  inquiry  ordered 
named  to  meet  with  one  from  the  Commons,  to to  ^~ matle  after 
examine  into  the  Matter  of  Force  and   Violence  ^e  ^uth,£rs  of 
done  to  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  to  find  mults. 
out  the  Perfons  that  have  been  Actors,  Abettors, 
Contrivers,  Promoters,   or  Encouragers  of  it ;  to 
ftate  the  Matter  of  Fact,  and  to  report  the  fame  to 
the  Houfe  with  their  Opinions  on  it,  what  they 
think  fit  to  be  done  for  the  Vindication  of  the  two 
Houfes,  and  for  their  future  Security'     Agreed  to 
by  the  Commons. 

An  Ordinance  was  pafs'd  for  making  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  Conftable  of  the  Tower  of  London,  with 


240  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

?  3  Car.  T.  Power  to  make  a  Lieutenant  under  him  for  one 
Year,  unlefs  both  Houies,  in  the  mean  Time,  fhould 
other  wife  order. 

Aug.  6.  Poft  Merid.  The  Parliament,  to  fhew 
their  Gratitude  to  the  Army  ftill  further,  ordered  a 
Month's  Pay  to  be  provided  and  freely  beftowed  on 
the  Norr-Commiffion  Officers  and  private  Soldiers 
of  Horfe,  Foot,  and  Dragoons  of  the  Army. 

Power  was  alfo  given,  by  the  Houfes,  to  their 
Committee,  for  finding  out  the  Perfons  concerned 
in  the  late  Tumults,  that  they  mould  alfo  enquire 
for  and  find  out  the  Promoters,  Framers,  or  Con- 
trivers of  the  Engagement  and  AfTociation,  declared 
againfr  by  the  Houfes  the  twenty-fourth  of  "July  laft, 
or  that  have  been  engaged  by  it.  Alfo  to  examine 
who  have  raifed  or  acted,  or  endeavoured  to  raife, 
any  Force  in  Maintenance  of  the  faid  Engagement 
and  Aflociation,  declared  againft  by  the  Houfes. 

All  Reformado  Officers  and  Soldiers  were  or- 
dered to  depart  from  London^  and  not  to  come  with- 
in twenty  Miles  of  it. 

After  the  Proceedings  of  this  bufy  Day  were  end- 
ed, the  Lords  feem  to  have  taken  a  long  Recefs  : 
they  did  not  meet  again  till  the  tenth,  the  Com- 
mittees of  both  Houfes  being  bufy  all  this  Time 
in  fearching  after  the  Authors  and  Contrivers  of  the 
laft  Riots;  nor  was  the  Houfe  of  Commons  lefs 
deeply  employed,  for  they  fent  up,  that  Day,  to  the 
Lords,  an  Order  of  their  own,  That  untill  their 
Houfe  had  received  Reparation  for  the  Force  and 
Violence  offered  to  both  Houfes,  they  would  not 
meddle  with  any  particular  Bufmefs  ;  which  the 
Lords  alfo  agreed  to. 

The  Houfe  of  Commons  had  met  on  the  ninth, 

The  Lords  pafs    ,  ...  .  .  .   .  .    .  . 

an  Ordinance  for  but    did   nothing   material,    except    debating,    in 

annulling  all       a  Committee  of  the  whole  Houfe,    an  Ordinance 

rin°Cth«i^Sfenee  ^ent  down   ^rom  tne  Lords,   for    the  making  void 

of  fhe  Speaker"  all  A&s,  Orders,  and  Ordinances,  from  the  Vio- 

&c.  lence  offered  to  the  Parliament  till  the  Return  of 

both  Speakers,  viz,  thofe  concerning  the  Militia 

2     -  *  of 

of    ENGLAND.  241 

of  the  City  of  London,  and  the  Declaration  againft  An.  ^  car.  I. 

the  Engagement,  with  that  for  the  King's  Coming :  ^4y 

Thefe  were  to  be  declared  void  for  that  Time,  a       AU  "ft"  ' 
Declaration    to  be  drawn   accordingly,  and   thefe 
Votes  to  be  Part  thereof.     The   Houfe  being  re- 
fumed,  and  this  Report  made,  the  Queftion  was  put,  TO  which  the 
Whether  to  agree  as  aforefaid"?  The  Houfe  being  Commons  refufc 
divided,  the  Numbers  were  95  Yeas,  and  94  Noes  i the' 
but  three  Members,  who  were  prefent  at  putting 
the  Queftion,  and  yet  withdrew    into  the  Com- 
mittee-Chamber, and  affirmed  they  were  not  told, 
being  required  to  vote,  declaring  in  the  Negative, 
the   Speaker  gave  it  accordingly. — A  remarkably 
full  Houfe,  for  the  Time,  and  (hews  how  near  the 
two  Parties  of  Prefbyterian  and  Independent  were 
then  upon  the  Scale ;  which  was  evidently  turned 
in  favour  of  the  latter  by  the  great  Weight  of  the 
Army :  Who,  like  the  furly  Goth,  in  Roman  Story, 
ftood  ready  to  throw  in  the  Sword,  upon  the  leaft 

Aug.  13.  The  'Journals  of  both  Houfes  begin 
this  Day  with  an  Order  of  Thanks  to  Mr.  Mar- 
jhall  and  Mr.  Nye,  for  their  great  Pains  taken  the 
Day  before  ;  and  that  they  be  deflred  to  print  and 
publifh  their  Sermons. 

An  Engagement  of  the  Members  of  both  Houfes 
that  abfented  themfelves  and  went  to  the  Army, 
was  read  in  that  of  the  Lords*  in  b#c  Verba : 


Die  Mercurii,  4/0  Augujli^   1647. 

E  the  Members  of  both  Houfes  of  Par-  The  Engagement 
1  iament,    who   abfent  ourfelves    from  the  of  the  Members 
Service  of  the  Parliament,  by  reafon  of  the  Force  HoufelndV  n* 
and  Violence  thereunto  offered  by  a  tumultuous  totheAnrA-,  " 
Multitude,  having  received  from  his  Excellency 
Sir  Thomas  Fairfax^  a  Declaration,  intituled,   A 
Declaration   of  his  Excellency    and   his  Council  of 
War^    on  the  Behalf  of  themfelves  and  the  -whole 
Army^  jhewing  the  Grounds  of  their  prefent  Ad- 
VOL.  XVI.  Q,  «  vancc 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*  vanee  towards   tie  City   of  London  :  And   having 

*  peruftd  the  fame,  we  look  upon  it  as  a  Declaia- 
'  tirn  full  of  Truth  ;  the  Matter  of  Fa«5l  being  well 

*  known  unto  nioft  of  us,  who  have  been  Eye  and 

*  Ear-witneffes   thereof;  full   of  Chriftian,  noble, 

*  and  public  Affection  to  the  Good,  Peace,  and  Pro- 
4  fperity   of  this   Kingdom  ;  full  of  Integrity   and 
'  Faith fulnefs  to  the  true  Intcreft  of  the  Englijh  Na- 
*"tion  ;  and  full  of  undaunted  and  generous  Refolu- 

*  tion  to  affert  the  Honour  and  Freedom  of  the  Par- 

*  1  iament :  and   effectually  to  vindicate  it  from  the 

*  Force  and  Violence  whereby  it  hath  been  of  late 

*  trampled  under  the  Feet  of  a  Rabble   of  People,* 

*  unto  which  Force  it  is  Itill  ex  poled,  fo  as  it  may 
*"be  exercifed  upon  them  at  Pleafurc.      And  whilft 

*  the  Parliament  remaineth  in   fuch  a  Condition, 
"  although  it  be  not  diffulvahle  but  by  Act  of  Parlia- 

*  ment,  yet  it  is  fufpended  from  acting  as  a  Parlia- 

*  ment :  In  all  thefe  Things,  and  generally  through- 
'  out,  our  Senfe  fo  fully  agreeth  with  what  is  ex-, 
'  preffed  in  that  Declaration  of  the  Army,  that  we 

*  cannot  but  receive  it  with  much  Approbation,  and 

*  alfo  with  great  Thankfulnefs  to  God  in  the  firft 

*  Place  ;  and  next,  under  him,  to  this  ever-faithful 

*  Army,  for  that  tender  Senfe  exprelled  therein  of 

*  our   Honour   and  Security,  who  ablent  ourfelves 

*  from  the  Parliament,  in  regard  of  that  Force;  and 
'  for  that  high  Engagement  of  the  Army  to  live  and 

*  die  with  us  in  this  Caufe  :  Whereupon  we  can- 

*  not  but  mutually  engage  ourfelves,  as  hereby  we 

*  do,  to  live  and  die  with  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and 
'  the   Army,  in   Vindication   of  the  Honour  and 
'  Freedom  of  Parliament :  And  we  cannot  but  ob- 

*  ferve  the   fpecial   Providence  of  God  in  holding 

*  up  fo  extraordinarily  this  Army,  and  referving  it,, 

*  to  take  off  the  Reproach  and   Scorn   of  this  Na- 

*  tion,  and   to  raife  up  again,  from  the  Depth   ot 
v  Contempt,  that  once  io -much-honoured  and  high- 
'  cfte trued  Nsme  of  a  Parll.iment. 

*  And  whereas  in  the  fuid  Declaration  it  is  de- 
<  fired,  we,  as  Perfom  upon  whom  the 
*•  public  Truft  ftill  rciruiiu'th,  though  for  the  pre-, 

4  Cent, 

of   E  ;N  G  L  A  N  D.  243 

c  fent,  we  cannot  exercife  the  fame  in   a  parlia-  An.  23  car.  I. 

*  mentary  Way,  would  advife   his  Excellency  and 
<  his  Council  of  War  in  fuch  Things  as  may  be  for 

*  the  Good  of  the  Kingdom,  and  for  attaining  the 
'  Ends  aforefaid  ;  we  do  declare   that  we  fhall  be 
'  ever  ready  to  do  it,  upon  all  Occafions,  in  fuch 
'  a  Capacity  as  we  may,   till   we  (hall  be  enabled 

*  again  to  difcharge  our  Truft   in   a  free  Parlia- 
'  ment ;  which  we  conceive  we  can  never  do,  un- 

*  til  the  Houfes  of  Parliament  may    be    abfolute 

*  JU(%CS  ant^  Matters  of  their  own  Securities  :  And 

*  that  fuch  traiterous  and  audacious   Offenders  as 
«  have  endeavoured,  with  fo  high  an  Hand,  to  de- 

*  ftroy  the  higheft  Authority,  (as  by  the  Particu- 
«  lars,  fo  fully  and  clearly  expreffed  in  the  Decla- 
«  ration   of  the  Army,  may   appear)   fhall   recehe 

*  condign  Punifhment  ;  or,  at  leaft,  the  Parliament 

*  put  in  fuch  a  Condition  as  that  we  may  be  able  to 

*  bring    them   thereunto :   And  we  truft   in  God, 

*  through  his  accuftomed  Blefling  upon  this  Army-, 

*  and  his  Affiftance  in  their  honeft  and  juft  Under- 

*  takings,  the  Parliament  fhall  fpeedily  be  put  again 

*  into  a  Condition  to  fit  like  a  Parliament  of  Eng- 

*  land :  And  we  hope  that  every  true-hearted  Eng- 
'  lijhmcm  will  put  his  helping  Hand  to  fo  neceflary, 
«  fo  publick,  and  fo  honourable  a  Work  as  is  the 
4  Vindicating  of  the  Freedom  and  Honour  of  the 
'  Parliament,  and   wherein  the  Freedom  and  Ho- 

*  nour  of  all  the  freebern  People  of  this  Nation  are 
'  involved. 

MANCHESTER,  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers. 


DENBIGH,  GREY  of  Wark, 


WILLIAM  LENTHALL,  Spditer  cf  the  Houfe  of 








Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  23  Car.  I.     MlLES  CoRBETT,  GODFREY  BOSVILLE, 






Of  which  the 
Lords  declare 
their  Approba- 













The  Lords  approved  of  this  Engagement,  and 
ordered  it  to  be  communicated  to  the  Common:: 
for  their  Approbation  alfo.  At  the  fame  Time 
they  fent  a  Meflage  to  remind  the  Commons  of 
thoie  Votes  fent  from  the  Lords  to  them  on  the 
6th  Inftant,  together  with  a  Declaration  from 
Sir  T/jcmas  Fairfax,  and  the  Council  of  War,  fent 
down  at  the  fame  Time  :  That  the  Lords  do  de- 
fire  the  Concurrence  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons 
to  thofe  Votes,  and  to  the  Approbation  of  the  faid 
Declaration ;  conceiving  it  to  be  eflential  to  the 
Vindication  of  the  Honour  and  Freedom  of  the 
Parliament :  That  having  hitherto  received  no  An- 
fwer  therein,  thfcy  conceive  it  fit  and  necefTary  at 
this  Time,  to  exprefs  to  that  Houfe,  that  they 
hold  themfelves  acquitted  and  difcharged  of  any  ill 
Confequence  that  may  enfue  upon  fuch  a  Prece- 

*  dent, 

^ENGLAND.  245 

dent,  and,  by  that,  occafion  the  Retardment  of  the  An'  23  Car- 
Settlement  of  Peace.  t     *  47'  ^ 


But  the  Commons  had  debated  the  Army's  laft 
Declaration,  on  the  loth  till  late  at  Night;  when  ^J^of^". 
the  Queftion  was  put,  Whether  to  agree  with  the  curring  herein, 
Lords  in   this  Declaration  ?  and  it  was  carried    in 
the  Negative  by  110  againft  76. 

Another  Part  of  the  Lords  Mcflage  was  to  let 
the  Commons  know,  That  they  were  informed 
the  Committee  of  the  City  of  Liyidon  did  ftill  act 
under  Pretence  of  that  Order,  drawn  from  the 
Houfe  by  Force,  on  the  26th  of  "July  laft ;  which 
they  conceive  is  likely  to  tend  to  the  Difturbance 
of  the  Peace  of  the  Parliament  and  City  :  <  The 
Lords  do  declare  that,  by  fo  doing,  they  act  with- 
out Authority  ;  and  whatever  they  (hall  act  or  do 
in  that  Kind,  they  account  them  anfwerable  for/ 
The  Commons  Confent  was  defired  alfo  to.  this 
Particular  ;  as  likewife  to  an  Ordinance  for  giving 
Power  to  a  Sub-committee  to  examine  Perfons  up- 
on Oath,  under  Secrefy,  concerning  the  Force  and 
Violence  offered  to  the  Parliament.' 

Laftly,  to  let  thqm  know  that  this  Houfe  in- 
tended to  adjourn  to  Wednefday  the  i8th  Inft. 

The  Lord  Montague,  from  the  Committee  ap- 
pointed to  attend  the  King's  Perfon,  fent  Word  to 
the  Lords  that  the  King  had  acquainted  them  with 
his  Refolution  to  go>  the  next  Day,  to  Oatlands, 
where  they  (hould  attend  him.  Dated  from  Stoke^ 
Augujl  12. 

Auguft  1 8.  The  Houfe  of  Lords  met  again  ac- 
cording to  Adjournment*  when  they  received  a 
Meflage  from  the  Commons  of  feveral  Particu- 
lars, but  nothing  fatisfactory  as  to  their  former 
Votes  as  yet.  This  Affair  had  been  agaia  can- 
vafled  in  that  Houfe  the  Day  before,  and  they  had 
-two  Divifions  upon  it,  very  near  run  ^  the  one, 


246  jT7:v  Parliament  dry  HISTORY 

car.  I.  Whether  the  Queftion  fhould  be  now  put  ?  which 
was  c;rried  by  77  againft  72  :  The  other,  to  agree 
with  the  Lords  in  their  Declaration  ;  loft  by  78 
againft  75.  And  though  the  Commons  fent  up 
an  Ordinance  of  their  own  the  next  Day,  with  the 
fame  Title  as  the  former,  yet  the  Lords  rejected  it 
on  the  firft  Reading  :  Whereupon  it  was  ordered, 
A  Conference  is  to  have  a  prefent  Conference  with  the  Commons 
held  thereupon,  thereupon  ;  the  Managers  of  which  being  returned, 
Mr.  Lijle  reported,  that  the  Earl  of  Mamhcjler  de- 
livered the  Senfe  of  the  Lords  to  this  Effect : 

'  The  Lords  having  formerly  fent  a  Vote,  of 
the  6th  Inftant,  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  decla- 
ring that  all  the  Acts  and  Orders  patted,  under  the 
Force  upon  the  Houfes  the  26th  of  July  lad,  an4 
fince^  until  the  Return  of  the  Speakers,  were  null 
and  void  j  and  having  defired  the  Concurrence  of 
the  Houfe  of  Commons  thereunto,  as  alfo  to  feveral 
Declarations,  the  one  of  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and  the 
Council  of  War,  in  the  Name  of  themfelves  and 
the  Army  ;  the  other  of  the  Lords  and  Commons 
which  were  with  the  Army  ;  which  the  Lords  hav- 
ing approved  of,  did  likewife  defire  their  Appro- 
bation of  the  faid  Declarations  ;  and  having  receiv- 
ed no  Anfwer,  being  after  by  their  Lordlhips  put 
in  mind  of  all  thofe  Particulars,  have  therefore  de- 
fied this  Conference,  to  let  them  know  that  their 
Lord/hips  conceive  themfelves  bound,  in  Juftice  to 
the  Kingdom  and  Parliament,  to  infift  upon  thole 
Votes  and  Declarations,  and  to  defire  their  Con- 
currence in  the  Votes  and  Approbation  oi  the  faij 
Declarations,  for  thefe  Reafons,  viz. 

I.  *  It  being  apparent  to  all  the  World,  and 
acknowledged  by  both  Houfes,  that  there  was  a 
vifible,  horrid,  infolent,  and  aclual  Force  upon  the 
Houfes  of  Parliament  ;  and  many  Members,  with 
both  the  Speakers,  forced  from  the  (aid  Hcufes  ; 
it  will  prove  a  dangerous  Example  and  Precedent 
to  maintain  the  Fxercife  of  an  Authority,  as  then 
lawful,  at  the  Time  when  the  Parliament  l;iy 
under  fuch  a  Force  to  be  exercifed  upon  it  at 

of    ENGLAND.  247 

•2.  c  If  any,  fitting  under  fuch  Force,  may  exer- An-  Z3  °ar-  '• 
cife  the  Authority  of  Parliament,  and    thofe   Acts     v   *  ^'    j 
which   they  fhall   do  at   that  Time  be  accounted       AuSutt. 
valid,  and  not  null,  it  will  not  be  in  the  Power  of 
any   to  vindicate  and  deliver  the  Parliament  from 
fuch  Force  and  Violence  ;  but  they  will  be  liable 
to  Cenfure  for  refitting  fuch  Authority  as  is  pre- 
tended to  be  lawful  in  fuch  a  Cafe  ;  and  thofe  who 
have  now  a(fted    under  fuch   Authority,    to   raife 
Forces  and  caft  the  Kingdom  into  a  new  War,  will, 
under  Pretence    of  that    Authority,  be  free   from 
being   queftioned   for    the  fame,  though   fome   or 
them  may  have  been  the  principal  Agents  in  con- 
triving this  Mifchief. 

'  The  Lords,  in  their  lad  Meffage,  did  exprcfs 
to  that  Houfe,  that  if  the  great  Affairs  of  the 
Kingdom,  and  the  Settlement  of  the  Peace  thereof, 
fhall  be  longer  retarded  for  Want  of  their  Con- 
currence in  that  which  the  Lords  judge  to  be 
efiential  to  the  Vindication  of  the  Honour  and 
Freedom  of  Parliament,  they  conceived  it  tit  and 
neceflary  to  exprefs  that  they  held  thcmfelves  ac- 
quitted and  difcharged  of  any  ill  Confequence> 
that  might  enfue  :  Thereupon  the  Lords  have  com- 
manded me  to  declare  the  fame  unto  you  again  : 
and  that  they  may  acquit  themfdves  to  all  the 
World,  to  have  ufed  their  Endeavours  that  the 
Parliament  may  be  put  into  a  Condition  fpeedily 
to  go  on  for  the  Settlement  of  the  Peace  of  the 
Kingdom,  fo  much  defired  by  them,  they  have 
appointed  me  to  offer  unto  you,  in  Purfuance  of 
their  Votes,  an  Ordinance  for  declaring  void  and 
null  all  Ordinances,  Votes,  Orders,  and  Acts, 
maJe  and  done  fmce  the  Force  upon  the  Houfcs, 
from  'July  26  undl  Augnjl  6,  to  which  they  dciirc 
your  Concurrence.' 

Hereupon  the  Queftion  being  put  for  rending  the 
fjid  Ordinance  fent  from  the  Lords,  it  was  carried 
in  the  Affirmative  by  86  againft  6 j  ;  uuJ  tue  lame 
•was  twice  read  and  committed. 

(  A  Letter 

248  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  c»r-  *•  A  Letter  from  the  Commiffioners  of  Sccotland 

6*7'  was  read 

//^SPEAKER    of  the 
Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

e^  Aug.  17,  1647. 
Right  Honourable^ 

The  Scott  Com-  '  "IT  1  E  cannot   but,  with    great   Senfe    of  the 

"ISnof  thrive  *    ^^    many  Injuries   we   fuffer  daily,  acquaint 

cretary's  be'ing'  '  your  Lordftiips  therewith  as  they  fall  out. 

flopped  at  New-       '  Not  long  ago  we  made  known  to  the  Honour- 

caft]e<  '  able  Houfes,  that  the  Earl  of  Lauderdale^  one  of 

'  our  Members,  was  flopped  violently,  and  denied 

'  Accefs   to  his  Majefty,  by  Sir  Thsmas  Fairfax's 

'  Soldiers,  contrary  to  the  Agreement  betwixt  the 

'  Kingdoms,  whereof,  as  yet,  we  have  had  no  Re- 

*  paration  ;  and   now  our  Secretary,  Mr.  Chifjly, 

*  being  fent  by  us  to  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  is 

*  flopped  and  detained  at  Newcaflle  by  the  Gover- 
'  nor  thereof,  Mr.  Lilbourne  j  all  edging  fuch  to  be 
'  the  Condition  of  Affairs  now  betwixt  the  King- 

*  doms,    that,  without    the  General's  Order,    he 
'  was  not  to  permit  any  to  pafs.     Mr.  Chiefly  told 

*  him,  that  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland  had  done  no- 
'  thing  that  might  give  Caufe  to  interrupt  their  for- 

*  mer  Correfpondency  and  mutual  Amity  ;    defi- 
'  ring  that  he  would  not  give  Ground  of  a  Breach 
'  of  that  happy  Union  betwixt  the  Nations,  (hew- 
'  ing  unto  him  our  Pafs,  which  ever  heretofore  has 

*  been  reputed,  to  our  own  Servants,  fufficient  ; 

*  and  teliing  him  he  was  our  Secretary,  fent  by  us 

*  into  Scotland  ;  and  if  that  could  not  procure  him 

*  Liberty  of  PafTage,  he  hoped  he  would  acknow- 
'  ledge  the  Authority  of  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe 
c  of  Commons   Pafs  as  a  fufficient  Warrant  :  But 

*  he  anfwered,  he  was  to  obey  the  General's  Or- 
4  ders,  and  if  he  could  not  produce  that,  he  would 
'  not  let  him  pafs. 

'  If  this  be  not  an  high  Infringement  of  the  Law 
4  of  Nations,  and  of  the  public  Faith  betwixt  the 

*  Kingdoms,    yea,    and  of  your  own  Authority, 

*  we 

of    ENGLAND.  249 

*  we  leave  it  to  yourfclves  to  judge;  hoping  your  An.  23  car.  j. 
'  Lordfliips  will   caufe  Reparation  to   be  made  to         l647- 

*  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland  for  thofe  Multitudes  of        A  ' 
'  Injuries  ;  fuch  as  the  intercepting  of  our  Letters, 

6  and  violent  flopping  their  Commiflioners  from  the 
4  King,  and  now  denying  their  Servants  free  ?af- 
'  fage  to  that  Kingdom,  which,  we  conceive,  the 
'  Honourable  Houles  would  not  have  taken  well 
4  if  the  like  A&s  of  Violence  had  been  done  to 
'  their  Commiflioners  Servants,  whilft  they  were  in 

*  Scotland. 

1  If  efrec"lual  Remedies  againft  fuch  Injuftice 
'  and  Violence  be  not  feafonably  provided  by  the 
4  Wifdom  of  the  Honourable  Houfes,  we  cannot 

*  fee  how  we  can  be  here,  in  the  Capacity  of  Corn- 

*  miflloners,  to  difcharge  the  Truft  committed  to 
'  us.     We  reft 

Tour  Lord/hip's   humble  Servants, 


An  Anfwer  to  this  Letter  was  drawn  up,  read, 
and  ordered  to  be  fent  to  the  Commons  for  their 
Concurrence  :  but  it  is  not  entered  in  the  "Journals. 

Augufl  20.  A  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax^ 
with  a  Remonftrance  or  Declaration  of  the  Army 
inclofed,  was  read  in  both  Houfes :  The  latter 
is  very  long,  for  which  Reafon  Mr.  Ruflnuortb 
hath  given  no  more  than  one  fingle  Paragraph  of 
it ;  which,  he  fays,  relates  particularly  to  the 
Defign  of  the  whole,  viz.  the  purging  of  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  from  thofe  Members  of  it  the  Army 
difliked.  But  as  this  Remonftrance  contains  an 
exa<Sl  hiftorical  Narrative  of  the  Times,  we  fhall 
give  it  at  Length  ;  and  more  efpecially,  becaufe, 
fince  the  Colleftor  has  omitted  it,  it  is  now  no 
where  elfe  to  be  found,  that  we  know  of,  but  in 
the  Lords  ljaurnali,  Obferving  on!v,  that  the 


250  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  *-?  Car.  I-Houfe  of  Lords  voted    their  Approbation  of  this 

v  _,  Remonitrance  ;  ordered  that  a  Letter  {hould  be  fcnt 

Auguft.        to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  from  their  Speaker,  to  give 

him  Thanks   for  the  Continuance  of  his  Care"  to 

prcferve   the  Honour  and  Freedom  of  Parliament ; 

and  that  both  the  Letter  and  Declaration   fhould 

be  printed  and  publifhed. 

The  Letter,  in  which  the  Army's  Declaration 
was  inclofed,  is  as  follows  : 

For  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS   pro  Tempore. 

My  Lara1,  King/Ion,  Aug.  19,   1647. 

Another  Letter    '  '"I*  HE  tender  and  deep  Senfe  which  myfelf  and 
JaS«rTh0tTU5 '  the  Army  have  of  the  Difficulties  and  Dangers 

*  under    which   your    Lordfhip,    with    the   Right 

*  Honourable    Lords,    and    faithful    and    worthy 
4  Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  lately  dri- 
'  ven  away  to  the  Army  (as  alfo  ourfelves  and  all 
'  others  that  love  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  and 
'  Freedom  of  Parliaments,  notwithstanding  the  faid 

*  juft    and    honourable    Refolutions,    Proceed  in  LS, 
4  and  Endeavours  of  the  Right  Honourable  Houfe 

*  of  Peers)  do  dill  lie  under,  hath  produced  this  Re- 
'  monftrance  from  us  ;  whereof  I  have  here  inclofed 
«  fent  your  Lordlhip  a  Copy,  and  thofe  Confidera- 

*  tions  and  Refolutions   therein  exprctted  ;  which 

*  as  they  are,  in   the  prefent  Cafe,  moll  neceflary 

*  for  your  Lordfliips,  ours,    and    the    Kingdom's 

*  Safety,    Quiet,  and    Welfare,    fo  we  hope  they 
'  will  appear  juft  and  honeft,  and  accordingly  be 

*  accepted  and  approved  by  your  Lordfhips,  as  pro- 

*  ceeding  from  the  hearty  Affections  and   fmcere 
4  Intentions  of  your  Lordfliips   and  the  Kingdom's 
4  Servants  here,  and  especially  of 

Your  Lordfe'ip's  humble  Servant, 


of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  251 

J  REMONSTRANCE  from  bis  Excellency  Sir  Thomas  Ar 
Fairfax,  and  the  Army  under  Ins  Command,  con- 
cerning their  juji   and  char  Proceedings  hitherto,        Auguft> 
;';/   the  Behalf  of  the  Parliament,    Kingdom  9    arid 

At  the  Head-quarters  at  Kingfton,  Aug.  18.,  1687.   And  a  Remon- 

ftrance  from  hint- 

4  \T7  HEN,  by  the  BIcffing  of  God  upon  the  and  the  Army»  f 

.     VY      -c     \  J         e     i  •      A  1        i        V  ln  Vindication  of 

Endeavours  of  this  Army  and  other  rorces  all  the;rt>,yc.e(t. 

*  of  the  Parliament,  the  adverfe  Forces   and  Gar-  ingb. 
'  rifons  within  this  Kingdom  were  diffipated  and 

*  reduced,  a  prefent  Quiet  and  Freedom  of  Trade, 

*  and   all   Commerce  and   Bufinefs  reftored   to  all 
4  Parts  of   the  Kingdom,    and    an  hopeful   Way 

*  made  for  fettling  of  a  found  and   lafting  Peace, 

*  on  good  Terms,  for  the  Intereft  of  the  Kingdom  : 

*  Inftead   of  the  hoped  Fruit  of  our  Labours  and 
'  Hazards,  and  of   the  Kingdom's  vaft  Expence, 

*  (in  the  difpenfmg  of  Juftice  and  Rightcoufncfs, 
4  and  the  fettling  and  upholding  of  common  Right 

*  and   Freedom    to  the   Subjects  of   this  Nation) 

*  we   found   immediately  the  crofs  Workings  of  a 

*  jftrong  and  prevalent  Party  in  the  Parliament  and 

*  Kingdom,  who  (walking  under  the  Mafk  of  the 

*  Parliament's  Friends,  but  being,  in  Trutto,  Men 

*  of  corrupt  and  private  Ends   and   Intcrcfb,  clif- 

*  ferent   from,    and   deftructive   to,    the    real    and 

*  common  Intcreft  of  the  Kingdom)  made  ufe   of 

*  their  Power  to  obllrucl:  and   pervert  Juilico,  to 

*  injuYc,  opprefs,  and  cru(h  the  peaceable  and  wdl- 
'  affected  People  of  the  Kingdom  ;   to  abridge  and 

*  overthrow    all  juft    Freedom    and    Liberty,    and 

*  drive   on  JX-figns   to  fct  up  a  Parry  and  Faction 

*  in  the  Parliament  and  Kingdom,  and  (by  (he  A  1- 

*  vantage  of  a  perpetual  Parliament)    to  domineer 

*  ov^r,  and  inflavc  the  Kingdom  to  PofL-nty  :  And, 

*  for  that  End,  to  make  fuch  a  Peace  with  the  King, 
'  if  any,  a*   without    any  julr.    Provifion   for    tiie 

*  common   and   true   Intorell  of    the   People,  an<J 

*  Security  thereof  for  the  future,  would  ferve  only 

*  to  mal^c  up  and  eiUbiifh  their  ovvn  Gr-atnef-% 

'  and 

252  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  <  and  the  affected  Domination   of  themfelvcs  and 

t      I  *7'     ',  '  their  Party  over  all  others. 

Auguft.  '  To  all  which  Ends,  as,  before  this  Parliament, 

e  the  ignominious  Names  of  Puritan  and  Nan- 
'  conformijly  and  the  fpecious  Pretences  for  fettling 
«  of  Order,  Decency,  and  Uniformity  in  Religion, 

*  were  made  ufe  of,  to  the  Prejudice,  Trouble,  and 
'  fupprefling  of  all  that  appeared,  either  for  the 

*  Truth  and  Power  of  Religion,  or  for  the  Rights 
'  and  Liberties  of  the  Kingdom,  and  againft  ad- 

*  vancing,  at  once,  both  of  an  Ecclefiaftical  and 
'  Civil  Tyranny ;  fo  this  Generation  of  Men,  in 

*  the  Application  of  the  Parliament's  Power,  (fuc- 

*  ceeding  the  former  in  the  Exercifeof  the  King's) 

*  have  made  ufe  of  the  odious  Names  of  Browniftsy 

*  Anabaptijis^   Independents^   Hereticks^    Sckifmaticksy 
'  or  Sectaries  of  one   Sort  or  other,   to  blaft   fuch 
'  Men,  in  whom   the  Truth  and  Power  of  Reli- 
1  gion,  or  a  juft  Senfe  of  the  common  Intereft  of 
c  the  Kingdom  hath  appeared  ;  and  have  held  forth 
'  the  Pretences,  of  Reformation  and  Uniformity, 
4  to  colour  and  countenance  their  Defigns  of  fet- 

*  ting  up  their  own  irreligious  or  Pharifaical  and 

*  domineering  Faction,  to  the   Oppreffion  of   all 

*  other  People  :  And    herein  they  have  had  a  great 
4  Advantage  to  further  their  aforefaid  Defigns,  by 
4  reafon  of  the  Jealoufies  which  many  confcientious 
c  Men  of  the  Prefbyterian  Judgment  have  enter- 
'  tained  concerning  this  Army,  concerning  divers 

*  other  eminent   and   worthy   Inftruments  of  the 

*  Kingdom's  Good  (being  in  Places  of  public  Truft 

*  and  Power)  who  were  fuppofed  to  be  of  the  In- 

*  dependent  Way. 

'  In  Purfuance  of  their  aforefaid  Defigns,  they 
4  endeavoured,  and  by  their  Power  and  Influence 
'  upon  the  Parliament,  and  the  Advantage  of  fuch 

*  Pretences  as  aforefaid,  very  much  prevail'd,  to  put 

*  out  of  all  Places  of  Power  or  public  Truft,  the 

*  moft  fober  and  confcientious  Men,  and   fuch  as 
'  had  approved  themfelves  faithful  to  the  public  In- 
«  tereft  throughout  all  the  late  Troubles,  and  to  put 
4  in  debauch'd  and  diflblute  Men,  or  fuch  as  would, 

4  for 

^-ENGLAND:  253 

*  for  Advantage,  ferve  their  private  Interefts ;  and  An.  13  Car.  r. 

*  for  that  End  (in  Cafes  where  they  could  not  other-        l647-   M 

*  wife  prevail)  procured  fuch  Garrifons  to  be  flight-    *    ^  ft 

*  ed,  fuch  Powers  to  be  recalled,  though  more  ne- 

*  ceflary  to  have  been  continued,  which  they  found 

*  in  the  Hands  of  Perfons  of  the  former  Sorts  ;  and 

*  fuch  to  be  continued,  though   lefs  neceflary,  as 

*  they  found  in  the  Hands  of  the  latter.     And,  the 
4  better  to  ftrengthen  themfelves  in  their  Defigns, 

*  clofing  with  a  very  powerful  Party  in  the  City  of 

*  London,  they  firft,  with   much  Activity,  endea- 

*  vou red,  and  prevailed,  to  new-model  the  Com- 
*imon  Council,  and  form  the  fame  to   their  own 
'  Party  ;  and  then  ftirred  them  up  to  petition,  a- 

*  mongft  other  Things  concurrent  to  their  Ends, 
4  for  the  Alteration   of  the  City  Militia,  who,  by 
'  their  continual,  violent,  and  preffing  Importunity 
'  at  the  Parliament's  Doors,  wrung  from  the  Par- 
'  liament  an  Ordinance  for  that  Purpofe  ;  whereby 
'  they  procured  the  Power  of  that  Militia  (the  fpe- 
e  cial  Influence  whereof  upon  the  City  and  King- 
'  dom,  and  upon  the  Parliament  itfelf,  being  the 

*  only  Guard  they  had  for  their  fafe  fitting,  is  evi- 

*  dent  to  all  Men)  to  be  taken  out  of  thofe  Hands 

*  in  which  it  had  been  continued  without  Prejudice, 
'  and  with  great  and  known  Security  and  Advan- 
'  tage  both  to  the  Parliament,  City  and  Kingdom, 
'  throughout  the  late  Troubles,  and  this  without 

*  any  Exception,  either  then  or  fince  made  againft 

*  them  ;  and  to  be  put  into  the  Hands  of  fuch  others 

*  as   were,  at  beft,  of  doubtful  Affections  to  the 

*  Intereft  of  the  Parliament    and  Kingdom  ;    or, 

*  indeed,  to  Men  given  up  and  engaged  to  the  pri- 
'  vate  Interefts  and  Defigns  of  the  faid  factious  Par- 

*  ty  :  as  hath  fince  too  evidently  appeared,  and  as 

*  in  the  late  Declaration  of  the  Army,  concerning 

*  the  Grounds  of  our  Advance  towards  London^  is 
c  more  fully  demonftrated.    And  finding  this  Army 

*  not  for  their  Turns,    they   made  it  their  main 

*  Work  to  difband  or  break  it  in  Pieces,  even  be- 

*  fore  the  Relief  of  Ireland  was  provided  for,  or  the 

*  Peace  of  thfs  Kingdom  fettled. 

«  And 

254  Th*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  And  though  all  this  went  under  the  Pretence 
3()47-  *  of  eafing  the  prefcnt  Burthens  of  the  Kingdom,. 
Aiicurt  *  ye*  a*  ^ie  ^arnc  '1  imc  they  defigncd  and  went 

*  about  to  put   the  Kingdom   to  the  Expence  and 
'  Trouble   of  'railing  and   forming  n    new   Force, 
'  under  Pretence  as  for  the  Service  of  Jrcland,  but 
'  evidently   dcfigned,  and   fo   framed,  as    to    fervc 
'  their  own  Ends   and  Purpofes   aforefaid   in  Eng- 
'  land :  And  many  of  them  being  filled  and  ad"teiT 

*  with   perfonal  Envy,  and  others   with  Malignity 

*  of  Principles  and  Intereft  agaurtft  this  Arm}',  ami 

*  the  Work  of  God  by  it,  it  would  not  ferve  their 
4  Turns  to  break  or  (lifband  it,  but  it  rnuft  be  donc- 

*  with  all   poiiible  Difhonour,  Injury,  Oppreflion, 

*  and  Proiocation   that   they  could    put  upon  it. 

*  And  it  was  too  evident  that  their  Endeavour  was 

*  not  only  to  put  it  off  without  the  Honour  or  Sa- 

*  tisfaciion  due  to  it  for  the  Service  it  had  done, 

*  but  to  difband  it  on  fuch  Terms  as  to  fubjecl  and 

*  cxpofe  all,  and  even  the   mofl  faithful,  Servants 

*  of   the  Parliament  and   Kingdom,    both   in   the 

*  Army   and  clfewhere,  unto  Oppreflion   or   Un- 

*  doing,  or   to  the  Mercy  of  their  own  and   fuch 

*  other   Mens    malicious  and    invenomCd     Spirits 

*  which  could   promife  no  better.     For  the   more 
'  full  and  particular  Demonftration  of  all  which,. 

*  we  refer  all  knowing  Men  unto  the  Practices  and 

*  Proceedings  againft  this  Army,  unto  the  Times, 

*  by  their  Procurement,  appointed  for  the  Difband- 

*  ing  of  it  in  feveral  Parts,  without  juft  and  equal 

*  Satisfaction;  which   have   been  in. part  remon- 

*  itrated  in  Papers  fent  from  this  Army,  and  pub- 

*  lifhed  before  our  coming  up  to  St.  Albotfs. 

*  Upon  Confidcration  of  all  this,  and  upon  the 

*  Retaliations  (which  their  own  Abufes  and   Pro- 

*  vocations,  put  upon  the  Army,  had  raifed  in  the 

*  whole  Body  of  it)  not  to  without  further 

*  Satisfaction  and  Security  from  the  like  Abufes  ia 

*  future,  we  did,  in  our  Rcprefentation  or  Dtrclu- 

*  ration  fcnt  from  St.   AlbarCs,  exprefs  in    general 

*  what  Things  we    cidireJ,   KfiJes   <,ur   Concern- 

*  ments  as  Suiilie,s,  ty  ice  done  or   provided   for 

4  *  before 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  255 

«  before  our  Difbanding,  for  fettling  the  Peace   of  An>  *£  Cdr>  L 
4  the  Kingdom,  and  fecuring  the  common  Rights .       *  *        , 

*  and  Liberties  thereof,  which  we  were  called  out       Auguft. 

*  to  defend  and  vindicate,  and  had  fo  long  fought 
1  for  ;  and    having,   therewithal,  impeached    feve- 
4  ral  Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  for  their 
4  unjuft  Practices  and  Defigns,  to  fuch  Purpofes  as 

*  are   before  exprefled,  and   for  endeavouring,    in 
4  profccution  thereof,  to  engage  this  Kingdom  in 
4  a  new  War,  we  adJed  fome  further  Defires,  for 

*  Prevention  of  that  Mifchief  of  a  new  War  to  the 
4  Kingdom,  and  for  our  own  prefent  Security  from 

*  immediate  Ruin,  while  thofe  other  Things  might 

*  be  treated  on  or  confidered  ;  and  upon  the  grant- 

*  ing  of  fome  of  them  in  part,  and  Hopes  given  of 
4  fome  others,  tho'  we  could   not  obtain  the   reft, 

*  and  efpecially  not  that  which  we  hold  moft  juft, 

*  equal,  and  neceflary,   viz.  The  pofitivc  Sufpen- 

*  fion  of  thofe  impeached  Members  from  fitting  in 

*  the  Houfe,  as  Judges  in  their  own  Caufe,  and  fiom 

*  their  Power  in  Committees,  whereby  they  have 

*  had  the  Advantage  to  raife  War  againft  us,  and 

*  to  make  new  Disturbances  in  the  Kingdom :  yet 

*  the  faid  impeached  Members,  pretending  to  with-  , 

*  .draw  themfelves  from  the  Parliament  until  their 

*  Caufes  ftiould  be  heard  and  tried,  and  the  Houfe 

*  giving  Confent  thereunto,  we,  out  of  our  Ten- 

*  derneis  to  Parliament  Privileges,  and  our  earneft 
'  Defires  to  yield  all  Obfervance  to  the  Parliament, 

*  ajid  Satisfaction   to  the  City,  (who  pretended  a 

*  full  Concurrence  with  us  in  our  declared  Defires 
'  for  fettling  the  Peace  and  Liberties  of  the  King- 

*  dom)  did,  at  the  Parliament's  Command  and  the 

*  City's  Requefr,  withdraw  the  Army   to  the  de- 

*  fired  Diftance  from  London  ^  and  difperfed  it  fur- 

*  ther  to  fevcral  P.irts  of  the  Kingdom  for  the  Eafe 

*  of  theCountry  ;  and  proceeded,  in  a  peaceable  anJ 

*  regular  Way,  to  prepare  and  prefent  more  p.irticu- 

*  lar  Charges  again!}  the  faid  impeached  Members, 

*  which,  within  a  few  Days  after,  we  accordingly  , 

*  fc.nt  up  to   the  Houfe  :   And  the  faid   impjaclieJ 

4  Members 

256  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  z*  Car.  I.  «  Members  (having  put  in  a  dilatory  Anfwer  there - 

v ^j  '  to,  with  a  Plea  and  Demurrer  to  divers  Particu- 

Auguft.  *  ^ars  therein)  pretended  that  (to  avoid  any  Difturb- 
f  ance  or  Interruption  to  the  prefent  Proceedings 
'  for  fettling  the  Public  Affairs  by  the  Interpofal 
'  of  their  private  Caufe)  they  defired  Leave  and 

*  Pafles  to  travel  for  fome  Months ;  which  accord - 

*  ingly  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  was 
'  ordered,  or  authorized,  to    give  them,    and  we 
'  (prefuming   on   the   Houfe's   Caution    for   their 
'  Forthcoming  to  be  tried  when  the  AfFairs  of  the 

*  Kingdom  were  fettled,  which  upon   their    firfl 
'  Motion  of  withdrawing  we  had  infifted   on)  did 
'  not  gainfay ;  and  thereupon  we  proceeded  in  a 
'  quiet  and  hopeful  Way  to  prepare  more  particu- 

*  lar  Propofals,  in  Purfuance  of  our  former  general 
'  Defires,  for  the  prefent  fettling  of  the  Peace  of 
'  the  Kingdom,  to  be  tendered  to  the  Commiflion- 
'  ers  of  Parliament  refiding  with  the  Army  for  that 
4  Purpofe  :  But  finding  that,  while  we  were  thun 
c  peaceably  proceeding,  the  faid  impeached  Mem- 
'  bers,  notwithftanding  their  pretended  Defires  to 
6  travel,  did   continue  in   and  about  London,  very 
'  active  and  bufy  to  raife  War,  or  make  Diftur- 

*  bances  in  the  Kingdom  ;  and  that  the  Committee 

*  of  Militia  there  did  comply  with    them  there  - 

*  in,  by  daily  lifting  of  Men,  and  other  Prepara- 
4  tions  towards  War,  and  flickering  to  that  End, 
c  yea,  and  entertaining   into    Service   thofe   fame 
c  Reformadoes  who,  by  Ordinance  of  Parliament, 

*  were  by  them  to  have  been  put  out  of  the  Lines 

*  of  Communication  ;  and   finding  continual  Jea- 
'  loufies  and  Difturbances  to  our  faid  Proceedings 

*  bred  in  the  Army,    by  the  daily   Reports    and 

*  Alarms  thereof  from  the  City,  we  made  a  parti- 
'  cular  Addrefs  to  the  Parliament  for  the  reftoring 
'  of  the  City  Militia  into  thofe  Hands  in  which  if 

*  was  before  the  Ordinance  of  the  i4th  of  May  laft  j 

*  for  the  Reafonablenefs  of  our  Defires   wherein 

*  (fuppofing  that  we  had  fuch  a  Caufe  to  infift  on 
'  fome  Removal  of  that  Power  out  of  the  Hands 

•    -  2  '  into- 

tf    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  257 

'  into  which  it  was  then  put,  as  here  before  is  partly   An-  |3  c«-  *' 
'  exprefled,  and  in  our  late  Declaration  is  more  fully     v*  4J"    _. 
'  fet  forth)  we  dare  confidently  appeal  to  all  Men,        Auguft. 

*  not  engaged  againft  us,  whether,  for  the  prefent 

*  Safety  and  Quiet  of  the  City  upon  fudh  a  Change, 

*  and  to  prevent  thofe  Dangers  or  Difturbances  to 

*  or  in   the  City,  which   the  Want  of  a   Militia 

*  during  the   Interval   (betwixt  the  ceafing  of  one 
'  and  new  forming  of  another)  might  give  Occa- 
'  fion  and   Advantage   unto,  efpecia'ly   in  fuch   a 

*  Juncture  of  Affairs,  there  could  be  any  other  Way 
4  fo  expedient  as  to  render  that  Change  but  an  im- 
'  mediate  reverting  into   thofe  Hands   in  which  it 

*  was  fo  lately  before,  who  would  make  up  a  Mili- 

*  tia   ready  formed  to  fucceed  immediately  in   the 
1  Place  of  the  other,  without  any  confiderable  In- 

*  termiffion  or  Delay;  and  whether,  at  a  Time  when 

*  Jealoufies   and    Diftrufts   were  both   fo  rife  and 

*  hurtful,  as  they  might  occafion  no  lefs  Diftra&ion 

*  or  Interruption,  to  any  quiet  Settlement  or  Pro- 

*  ceedings  thereunto,  than  real  Attempts   of  Mif- 

*  chief  would,  there  could  be  any   Propofal  more 

*  reafonable  or  hopeful  to  beget  a  Confidence  and 
4  Acquifcence,  as  to  that  Point,  in  the  Parliament, 

*  the  City,  and  the  Army,  than  to  have  that  Power 

*  reftored,  for   the  prefent,    into  thofe  Hands,    of 
4  whofe  Fidelity  to  the  Common  Intereft  we  had  all 
1  found  fo  ample  and  unqueftioned  Proof  through- 
'  out  the  moft  dangerous  Times  ? 

'  Upon  our  Addrefs,  therefore,  to  the  Parliament 
'  for  that  Purpofe,  the  Army  being  at  fuch  Diftance 
'  as  aforefaid,  both  Houfes  were  pleafed,  on  the  2^d 
'  of  July  laft,  to  pafs  an  Ordinance  for  the  return- 

*  ing  of  the  Militia  into  thofe  Hands,  and  repealing 

*  the  Ordinance  of  the  4th  of  May^   by  which  it 
'  had  been  changed  as  before. 

'  Hereupon,  hoping  that  all  would  quietly  fuc- 
'  ceeed  to  a  Settlement  in  this  Kingdom,  we  went 
4  on  fecurely  to  finifh  our  Propofals  for  that  Pur- 

*  pofe,  the  Heads  whereof  have  been  fince  publifh- 

*  ed  ;  withdrew  the  Head-Quarters  to  a  farther  Dif- 
'  tance  ;    difperfed  the  Army  to  larger  QtTarters, 

VOL.  XVI.  R  '     «  for 

258  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

for  more  Eafe  to  the  Country ;  and,  upon  a  Re- 
commendation of  the  Bufmefs  of  Ireland  from  the 
Parliament,  we  had,  in  lefs  than  a  Week's  Space, 
prepared  and  ordered  a  considerable  Force >  no 
lefs  than  4000  Horfe  and  Foot,  as  Sir  John 
Temple^  employed  from  the  Parliament  about' 
that  Bufmefs  to  us,  can  teftify,  for  a  prefent  Re- 
lief thereunto  :  But  the  reftlefs  and  treacherous 
Malice  of  the  Enemies  to  our  and  the  Kingdom's 
Peace,  taking  the  fuppofed  Advantage  of  our 
Diftance  and  difperfed  Pofture,  which  their  fair 
Pretences  of  peaceable  Intentions  had  induced  us 
into,  firft  they  did,  without  all  Colour  of  Au- 
thority, contrive  and  fet  on  Foot  in  the  City, 
and  many  of  them  entered  into  a  mifchievouS 
and  defperate  Vow  and  Engagement,  tending  to 
the  Subverfion  of  the  Freedom  of  Parliament, 
and  the  Liberties  of  this  Nation  :  to  the  fruftra- 
ting  of  thofe  juft  and  public  Ends,  for  which  fo 
much  Blood  and  Treafure  hath  been  fpilt  and 
fpent  in  the  late  War,  and  to  the  raifmg  of  a  new 
War  againft  the  Parliament  and  their  Army  ; 
which  faid  Engagement  both  Houfes  of  Parlia- 
ment did,  by  their  Declaration  of  the  23d  or 
July^  adjudge  and  declare  to  be  High  Treafon  in 
all  that  fhould  promote  or  abet  the  fame  ;  and, 
within  a  few  Days  after,  to  wit,  on  Mc*r.da\ 
July  26,  there  was  a  Petition  brought  to  the 
Parliament  by  the  Sheriffs,  and  fome  Aldermen 
and  Common  Council  Men,  in  the  Name  of  the 
City  of  London,  for  the  recalling  of  the  faid  Or- 
dinance of  the  23d  of  July  concerning  the  Mi- 
litia, and  the  returning  of  the  Militia  into  thofe 
Hands  in  which  it  was  put  by  the  Ordinance  of 
the  4th  of  A'lay  ;  which  Petition  was  immediate- 
ly followed  and  backed  with  a  tumultuous  Con- 
fluence of  Apprentices-,  and  other  diftblute  and 
defperate  Perfons,  who  committed  moft  horrid 
and  unheard-of  Violence  upon  both  Houfes,  en- 
forcing them  to  recall  both  the  faid  Declaration 
of  July  23,  concerning  the  faid  Engagement, 
and  alfo  the  faid  Ordinance  of  the  fame  Date, 

*  con- 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  2^9 

*  concerning    the    Militia ;    and    compelling    the  An.  23  car.  I. 
'  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons  to  icfume  the  v l647- 

'  Chair  after  the  Houfe  was   adjourned,  and  the       Auguft.  ~* 

*  Houfe  to  pafs  fuch  further  Votes  concerning  the 
'  King's  prefent  coming  to  London^  &c*  as  they  the 

*  faid  Rioters   did  pleafe  ;  neither  the  Guard  from 

*  the  City  that  then  attended  the  Houfes,  nor  the 

*  Lord  Mayor,  Sheriffs)  or  any  Authority   in  the 
'  City,  though  fent  to  for  that  Purpofe,  taking  any 
4  Courfe  to  fupprefs  the  faid  Tumult,  or  relieve 

*  the   Parliament  againft  that  Violence,  though  it 
'  was  continued    for   the  Space  of  eight  Hours  : 
'  And   the  Houfes  having  next  Day  adjourned  till 

*  Friday  July  30,  there  were  printed  Tickets  fix'd 

*  upon  Pods  in  and  about  the  City  the  Day  before, 

*  inviting  the  fame  Perfons  to  the  like  Confluence 
c  at  IVcjlminJler  againft  the  Houfes  next  Meeting  ; 

*  all  wfu'ch  hath  been  more  fully,  or  more  affured- 
4  ly,    made    known    by    the    Declaration    of   the 

*  Speaker  of  the   Houfe  of  Commons   concerning 
'  the  fame. 

'  By  this  Means  the  Speakers  of  both  Houfes, 

*  together  with  rnoft  of  the  Lords,    and    a   very 

*  great  Number  of  the  moft  faithful  and  unquefti- 

*  enable  Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  were 

*  driven  away,  fo  as  they  could  not  with  Safety  at- 
c  tend  their  Service  in  Parliament,  nor  with  Free- 
'  dom  difcharge  their  Truft  to  the  Kingdom  there- 
'  in  ;    but  were  forced  to  fly  to  their  Army  for 
c  Safety  ;  fo  as  there  was  not,  nor  could  then  be, 

*  any  free  Meeting  or  legal   Proceeding  of  Parlia- 
'  ment :  Notwithftanding  which,  divers  Members* 

*  of  both  Houfes  (who,  by  the  Carriage  and  Sequel 
'  of  the   Bufmefs,  will  appear  to   be  of  the  fame 
'  Party  and  Confederacy  with  the  aforefaid  Ene- 

*  mies  to  our  and  the  Kingdom's  Peace,  and  with 
4  the  Authors  and  Actors  both  of  the  faid  treafon- 
4  able  Engagement  and  the  tumultuous  Force  up- 

*  on  the   Parliament)   taking  this   Opportunity  of 
4  Time  to  carry  on  their  Defigns,  when  very  few 
r-  were  leftj  but  of  their  own  Party^  did  continue 

R  ?.  'to 

26  o  *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  4^  Car.  I.  4  to  meet  in  the  ufual  Places  at  IVeftminjler  ;   And, 
j647-        '  having,  under  Pretence  of  a  NecefHty  for  cohti- 

*  nuing  the  Parliament  by  Adjournment,  drawn  in 

*  fome  few  well-minded  Members  to  fit  with  them, 
4  out  of  a  Scruple  left  the  Parliament  fhould   fall 

*  for  Want  of  Adjournment,  took  upon  them  the 
4  Name  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament :  And  having, 

*  on  Friday,    July  30,  chofen   a  new  Speaker,  did 
4  proceed  to  vote  and  aft  as  a  Parliament,  and  ad- 

*  journed  from  Time  to  Time  ;  but  of  what  Party 
4  and  Confederacy  the  moft  of  them  were,  and  to 

*  what  Ends  and  Interefts  they  acted,  will  appear 

*  by  what  they  cid  ;  whereof  we  {hall,  for  the  pre- 
4  fent,  give  a  Tafte  in  fome  Particulars,  hoping 
4  that  {hortly  the  whole  Journal  of  their  Proceed- 
4  ings  may  be  made  public. 

4  Firft,  the  faid  Members  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
4  mons,  convened,  as  aforefaid,  immediately  vo- 
4  ted  and  called  in,  as  to  the  Service  of  the  Houfe, 
4  the  Eleven  impeached  Members  ;  and  alfo  thofe 
4  who,  upon  former  Votes  of  the  Houfe,  were  fu- 
4  fpended,  or  under  Queftion  to  be  put  out  for  De- 
4  linquency,  and  had  put  in  their  Cafes.  With 
4  this  pretended  Houfe  of  Commons,  thus  ccm- 
'  pofed,  and  four  or  five  Lords  of  the  fame  Model* 
4  for  a  Houfe  of  Peers,  they  proceed  to  let  up  a 

*  Committee  for  Safety,  whereof  all  or  mod  of  the 
4  faid    impeached    Members  were    a  Part.     This 
4  Committee    they    appointed    to  join  with    that 
4  fame  pretended  Committee  of  the   City  Militia, 
4  whofe   Power  was  obtained  only   by  the  tumul- 
4  tuous  Force  and   Violence  aforefaid.     To  thefe 
4  Committees  the  moft  or  main  of  their  Procced- 
4  ings  refer;  and,  by  divers  pretended  Votes,  Or- 
4  ders,  and  Ordinances,  procured  in  the  Name  of 
4  one  or  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  larger  Powers 

*  were  given  to  thefe  two  Committees,  for  rafing 
4  of  Forces,  appointing  Chief  Commanders,  and 
4  other  Officers;  and  other  vaft,  unlimited,  orun- 
4  ufual  Powers  were    given   them  ;  all  tending  to 

*  the  racing  and  levying  of  a  new  War  within  this 

4  Kingdom  ; 

Sf    ENGLAND.  261 

*  Kingdom  ;  upon  which  many  Forces,    both  of  An.  13  Car.  i. 
'  Horfe  and  Foot,  were  actually  levied ,  and  other        '  47'      j 

*  Preparations   of  War   made :    All  which  were       Augu^T""* 

*  intended    and    defigned    in  Juftification,    Profe- 

*  cution,  and  Maintenance  of  the  aforefaid  trea- 
^  fonable  Engagement,  and  of  the  faid  Force  and 

*  Violence  done  to  the  Parliament,  or  of  the  very 

*  fame  Ends  and  Interefts,  and  to  oppofe  and  hin- 

*  der  the  Reftitution  of  the  ^oijfes  of  Parliament 
1  to  their  Honour  and  Freedom,  and  the  Advance 
*-  of  this  their  Army  for  that  Purpofe,  being  then 
4  upon  a  March  to  conduct  to  London  the  Speakers 

*  and  Members  of  both  Ho.ufes,  who,  by  that  Vio- 
4  lence,  were  driven  away  as  afcirefaid  :  Befides  the 
'  Confederation  of  th,e  Perfons  into  whofe  Hands 
*•  thefe  Powers  were  committed,  this  is  abundantly 

*  evident  many  other  Ways ;    and   efpecially    by 

*  that  Declaration  of  the  Lord  Mayor,  Aldermen, 
c  and  Common  Council  of  London^  which  was  firft, 

*  by  that  pretended.  Committee  of  Safety,  ordered, 
4  and  then,  by  the  pretended  Houfes,  without  read* 

*  ing  a  Word  of  it,  approved,  to  be  publifhed  in 
4  the  Parifti  Churches,  with  an  Exhortation  to  the 

*  People  to  take  up  Arms  in  Maintenance  of  the 
'  Ends  therein  exprefied  ;  which,  though  the  Pre- 

*  tences  were  for  the  Defence  of  the  King,  Parlia- 
4  ment,  and  City,    then    ajledged  to  be  in  great 
'  Danger ;   (when   as  indeed  none  were  in  Danger 
*.  but    only  the  Authors,  Actors,  and  Abettors  of 

*  the  traitorous    Practices    aforefaid)  yet  the  true, 
'  Ends  thereof  appeared  clearly  to  be  the  fame  with 

*  the    faid   treafonable   Engagement    and    Tumult 
*.  againft  the  Parliament ;   all  of  them  concentring, 
4  as  in  other  Things,  fo  efpecially  in  this,  viz.  To. 
4  have  the  King   brought   up  to  Lond'jn^  without 
4  Delay,  or  any    nearer  Approach  of   the  Army* 
4  And  to  all  thefe  the  fucceediag  Votes  of  the  pre- 

*  tended  Houfes,  for  the  fame  Thing,  did  fpeedily 

*  eccho  the  fame  Note. 

4   Concerning  which   Matters   (not  to  examine, 

,  *  what- Alteration- of  the  Cafe,  fincc  both  Houfes, 

R  3  *  and 

262  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

^n.  23  Car.  I.  <  and  both  Kingdoms   alfo,  of  England  and  Scat-. 
4  land)  refolved,    That   it  was  hot  fafe  the  King 

*  fhould  come   to  London,  untill   he  had  given  Sa- 

*  tisfaction  and  Security  to  his  People,  in  relation 
4  to  thofe  public  Ends  for  which   fo  much    Blood 
'  and  Treafure  had  been  (pent)  we  (hall  only  fay 

*  thus  much  to  thefe   Men's  Intentions  and    De- 

*  figns  in  the  Bufinefs,  That  had  the  King  come 
'  up   to   London,   as  they  have  fo  often  defired  and 

*  and  attempted  it  is  apparent  they  intended,  and 
'  would  have  made    ufe  of   it,  rather  to  lay  the 

*  ftronger  Foundations  of  a  new  War,  (upon  the 

*  Ruins  of  that  public  Intereft  contended  for  in  the 
'  former,    and    of  all    thofe   that    had  with    molt 

*  Candor,   Clearnefs,  and  Simplicity  of  Heart  ap- 

*  peared  and  acted  for  the   fame)  than  any  Way 

*  to  fettle  thereby  a  fafe  and  well-grounded  Peace. 

*  And  fmce  they   could    not  rationally   expect    fa 

*  eafy  an  obtaining  of  the  King's   Perfon  to  Lon- 
4  don,  upon  fuch   a   pretended  Vote    or  Declara- 

*  tion  of  their  Defire  thereof,  it  is  as  evident  that 
4  they  cculd   intend   nothing  thereby  but  a  more 

*  plaufible    Pretence    and    Foundation  of  Quarrel 
4  againft  this  Army  ;  thereby  to  engage  or    incline 
4  to  their  Afliftance  the  King's  Party,  and  fuch  o- 
4  thers  as  might  be  catched  with  the  Apprehenfion 
c  thereof  as  a  fpeedy  Way  to  Peace,  the    Thing 
4  fo  generally  longed  for;    and  by  fuch  Afliftance 
4  gained,  the  better  to  ruin  this  Army,  and  thofe 

*  faithful  Members  of  Parliament  who  were  retired 

*  to  it. 

*  For  our  Parts,  we  fhall  rejoice  as  much  as 
6  any  to  fee  the  King  brought  back  to  his  Parlia- 
4  ment;  and  that  not  fo  much  in  Place,  as  in  Af- 
4  fection  and  Agreement,  on  fuch  found  Terms 
4  and  Grounds  as  may  render  both  him  and  the 
'  Kingdom  fafe,  quiet,  and  happy ;  and  fhall  be 
4  as  ready  as  any  to  bring  his  Majefty  to  London, 
4  when  his  being  there  may '  be  likely  to  produce 

*  (not   greater   Disturbances  or  Diffractions,  but) 

*  a  Peace  indeed  j  and  that  fuch  as  may  not,  with 

<  the 

of    ENGLAND.  263 

*  the  Shipwreck  of  the  Public  Intereft,    be  fhaped  An-  23  Car. 
'  and   moulded  only  to  the  private  Advantage  of    v  I( 

c  .a  particular  Party  or  Faction ;  but  bottomed  chief-       Auguft. 

*  ly  on  Grounds  of  common  and  public  Welfare 

*  and  Security :  And  if,  without  regard    to  thefe 
'  Confiderations,  we  would  have  brought  his  Ma- 

*  jefty  with  us  to  London  in  our  late  Advance  thi- 

*  ther,  which  our  Enemies  could  not  hinder  or  pre- 

*  judice  us  in,  we  had  no  caufe  to  doubt,  but,  as 
6  to  Men,  we  might  have  had  all  the  Advantages 

*  which  our    Adverfaries    promifed    to   themfclves 

*  thereby,  added  to  the  Strength  and  Intereft  of  the 
'  Army  ;  and   have  inverted  the  Difadvantages  up- 

*  on  them  that  they  intended  againft  us  thereby,  fo 
"*  as  his  Majefty's  fo-much-defired  Coming  to  Lon- 
'  don   might  have  been  much  to  their   Prejudice, 
c  and  our   Advantage  and  Security,  if  we  had   re- 
c  garded    only    our  own  Particulars  :    But  (as    at 
1  prefent  our    Confciences    bear  clear  Witnefs  to 
'  on  delves,  fo)  we  hope  God   will,  in  the  IlTue, 
'  make  it  clear  to  others,  that  we  have  not  mind- 

*  cd  nor  been  acting,  our  own  Work  or  Interefts, 

*  but  the  Kingdom's,  and  every  honeft  Man's  in 
<  it. 

*  Mean  while,  to  return  to  our  Purpofe,  we 
4  think  is  is  fufficiendy  cleared,  That  the  Proceed- 
'  ings  of  thofe  Members,  or  the  major  Part  of 

*  them,  that  continued  to  fit  at  IVeftm'mJler  during 
1  the  Abfence  of  the  Speakers,  the  Powers  by  then} 
t  given,  the   Forces    by  them   levied,    and  other 
'  Preparations  of  War  thereupon  made,  were  all 
c  defigned  and  driven  on  in  Profecution  and  Main- 
4  tenance  of  the  faid  treafonnble  Engagement,  and 

*  of  the  Force  done  upon  the  Parliament,  or  for 
4  the  fame  Ends  and   Interefts  with  them,  and   to 

*  oppofe  the  Advance  of  this  Army  towards  London* 
4  for  Reftitution  of  the  Parliament  to  Honour  and 
1  Freedom,  and  indeed  to  raife  a  new  War  in  the 

*  Kingdom,  againft  the  Parliament  and   their  Ar- 

*  my,  for  the  Deftruction  thereof.     And  the  fame 

*  may  yet  further  appear  by  this,   that  thofe  very 
'  Apprentices,  Reformadoes,  and  others  about  the 

R  4  <  City, 

264  *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*3  c">  1*  '  City,  who  were  the  chief  Adlors  in  the  faid  En- 
_  _,  *  gagement    and    Tumult,  were   afterwards    moil 
'  trufted  and    employed,  and  moft  active  in  thofe 

*  Preparations  for  War. 

'  By  what  we  have  here  faid,    and  what  hath 
'  been  declared  and  publifhed  from  us,  and  from  the 

*  Speakers  and  aforefaid  Members  of  both  Houfes, 
'  and   by   the  whole   Series  of  our  own    and  our 

*  Enemies  Actions  and  Carriages,  compared  toge- 

*  ther,  it  may  appear  how  tender  we  have  been, 

*  not  only  of  the  Authority  and  juft  Privileges  of 

*  Parliament,  and   of  the  Safety,  Peace  and  Wel- 
4  fare,  both  of  the  Kingdom  and  the  City,  but  even 
'  towards   thofe  our  Enemies  themfelves ;  feeking 

*  only  Things  neceffary  for  the  common  Good  of 

*  the  whole,  and  that,  if  pofftble,  without  Ruin 
'  or  Hurt  to  any;  and  yet  how  malicioufly,  trea<- 

*  cherourty,  and  unworthily  we  have  that  while  beeii 

*  dealt  withrl   by  thofe   our  Enemies,    and   by  a 

*  factious  and  powerful  Party,  efpecially  in  the  Par- 
'  liament  and  City,    combining  with   them  ;    and 
4  what  clear  Caufe  we  have  had,  both  for  all  that 

*  we  have  formerly  defired  or  done,  in  Prevention, 

*  of  our  own  Ruin  and  the  Kingdom's  Difturbance; 

*  and  alfo  what  juft  Grounds  for  our  late  Advance 

*  to  London ;  the  good  Service  whereof,  efpecially 
c  in  reftoring  the  Parliament  to  a  Condition  of  Safe- 

*  ty,  Honour,  and    Freedom  thereby,  hath   been, 

*  without  any    feeking  of  ours,  acknowledged  by 

*  both    Houfes,    with  Thanks    to   us,  and  public 

*  Thankfgiving  to  Almighty  God  for  it :  and  a  fur- 
4  ther  Truil  hath  been  thereupon  committed  to  the 
4  General,  for  taking  Care  with  his  Army  to  fafe- 

*  guard  the  Parliament. 

'  The  Houfes  being  thus  reftored  to  a  Condi- 
c  tion  of  prefent  Safety,   Hon«ur,    and   Freedom, 

*  two  Things  teem  clearly  remaining  to  be  done, 
«  which    our  ov/n,    and  moft   Men's  Expectations 
«  are   moft  fet  upon,  viz.  Firft,  To  vindicate   the 
c  Honour,  Freedom,  and  Safety  of  Parliament  from 

*  the  like  Affronts  and  Violence  in  future,  and  the 

'  Army 

^"ENGLAND.  265 

«  Army  and  Kingdom  from  Danger  of  the  like  Dif-  An-  *fi3  Car.  I. 

*  turbances,  whilft  Things  (hall  be  in  a  Debate  or  i      *  ^'     t 

*  Treaty  for  a  Settlement  and  then  to  proceed  un-        Auguft, 

*  to  a  fpeedy  Settlement  of  the  Peace  of  the  King- 
'  dom. 

*  The  latter  of  thefe  is  firft  in  our  Intentions, 
'  being  neareft  to  the  ultimate  End  ;  and  we  ftiall 

*  earneftly  defire  that,  in  order  thereunto,  the  Pro- 

*  pofals  of  the  Army,  whereof  the  Heads  are  pub- 

*  lifhed,  may  be  fpeedily  confidered  and  brought  to 

*  a  Resolution.     But  confidering  that  the  Debates 
'  of  them   may  take  up  fome  Time  ere  they   be 

*  agreed  on  all  Hands,  and  the  framing  of  them  into 

*  Bills,  and   perfecting  of  the  fame,  will   require 

*  much  more  ;  fomething  muft  firft  be  done  in  the 
«  former,  for  a  prefent  Security  to  the  Parliament 
'  from  like  Affronts  or  Violence,  and  to  the  Army 
'  and  Kingdom  from  the  like  Difturbances  to  the 

*  Peace  thereof,  by  any  farther  Advantage  which 

*  the  Time  like  to  be  fpent  in  the  fettling  of  Peace 

*  may   afford   to  our  watchful!,   reftlefs,  and,  we 

*  doubt,  implacable  Enemies. 

'  Firft,  therefore,  to  thefe  Ends,  unlefs  it  fhould 

*  be  thought  fit  to  fecure  the  Parliament,  by  keep- 

*  ing  the  whole  Body  of  the  Army,  or  fo  great  a 
'  Part  thereof  to  remain  continually  in  and  about 
'  London^    as  might    be    fure    to    over-power  any 
'  future  Tumults  or  Force  that  may  arife  out  of 

*  the  City,  which  neither  the  Welfare  of  the  City 
'  and   Eafe  of  the  Parts  adjacent,  nor  the  Safety 
'  of  the  Kingdom,  in  refpe&of  the  prefent  Pofture 

*  of  Affairs,  will  admit)  it   is  abfolutely   neceflary 

*  that  there  be   fpeedy  and  exemplary  Juftice  done 

*  upon,  at  leaft,  the  chief  Authors  and  Abettors  of 

*  the  faid  treafonable  Engagement,  and  of  the  faid 

*  Force    done    to  the    Parliament,  and   upon   the 
«  chief  A&ors    in   Maintenance   and    Profecution 
'  thereof,  whereby  Men  may  be  deterred  from  the 
'  like  in  the  future :  And  this  is  alfo  as  neceflary 
«  to  the  Security  of  the  Army  and  Peace  of  the 

*  Kingdom,  fince  it  is   apparent   by   all  that  hath 
'  been  faid,   and  by  infinite  other  Evidences,  too 

*  m;v:y 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

«  many  to  recount,   that  both  the  faid  Engage- 
ment,  and  the  Force  done  to  the  Parliament,  an^ 
A    uft.        *  .the   Power  of  the   City   Militia  thereby  gained* 

*  and  the  fucceeding  Votes  and  Orders  or"  the  pre- 
'  tended  Houfes  (but  indeed  of  that  Faction  that 
{  are  our  profefled   Enemies)  in  Maintenance  and 
'  Profecution  -thereof,    and  the  Forces    there upoa 
'  levied,  put   under  the  Command  of  Major-Ge- 

*  neral  MaJJoy^  and  o  hers  our  profefled  Adverfaries, 

*  were  all  defigned  and  directed  to  the  Ruin  and 
'  Deftru£Hon  of  this  Army,  and  the  raifmg  of  a 
'  new  War  againft  us  in  this  Kingdom  ;  and  having; 

*  had  fuch  Experience  of   their  rcftlefs  Malice  and 
'  cruel    Intentions    towards    us,     notwithftanding 
'  our  Tendernefs  and  Lenity  towards  them,  and  of 
c  their  treacherous  Dealings  fo  foon  as  they  thought 
'  they  had  the  Advantage,  notwithilandin^  all  their 
'  Semblances  of  Compliance  to  a  Compofure,  what 
c  Reafon  is  there   to  expect   but  that,  if,  by  our 
'  Patience  and  Delays,  they  apprehend    in  future 
c  the  like    or  other  Advantage,    they  will    break 

*  out  again    into   the   like  or  worfe   Attempts   of 
'  Violence  and  War,  if  all  cfcape  with  Impunity 
'  for  thefe  ? 

'  But  as  to  this  Point  of  Security  by  exemplary 
1  Juftice  in  an  ordinary  Way,  we  fee  our  Hopes 
4  almoft  fruftrated ;  for  tho'  our  Defires  and  Refo- 

*  lutions  to  that  Purpofe,  exprefled  in  our  late  De- 
'  clarations  of  the  Grounds  of  our  Advance  towards 
c  London,    were   then    feconded  with   the  declared 
'  Approbation   and  ccncurrent  Reiohitions  of  the 

*  Speakers  and  Members  of  both  Houfes  that  were 
'  driven  away  to  the  Army,  and  with  their  Engage- 

*  ment  to  live  and  die  with  us  therein  ;  and  tho', 
1  in  purfuance  thereof,  the   Right  Honourable  the 
4  Houfe  of  Peers  have,  fince  their  Reftitution,  be- 

*  gun  and  proceeded  to  declare  null  and  void  a! I 

*  that  was  done  in  the  Name  of  both  Houfes  whilo 
c  they  lay    under    the  Power  of   that  tumultuous- 
'  Violence,  and   to  give  their  more  authentic  Ap- 

*  probation  to  our  faiJ  Declaration  :n:i'l-.-  in  B:hai£ 

*  of   the  faW    Speakers  and   Members  while  they 

of   ENGLAND.  267 

*  were  with  the  Army,  and  in  Behalf  of  the  Ho-  AD.  ^•$  Car.  I. 

*  nour  and    Freedom  of   the  Parliament;    and  to        I64?> 

*  give    their    like    Approbation  to  the  concurrent v  '    '  v      "' 
'  Peclaration  and  Engagement  of  the  faid  Speakers 

'  and  Members  made  to  us  while  they  were  with 

*  us  j  yet  the  Houfe  of  Commons  hath  not  only 

*  not  concurred  with  the  Lords  in  any  of   thofe 
'  Things,  but  rather  feem  to  have  caft  them  afide  ;. 
'  and    upon    the  Queftion  concerning  thofe    very 
'  Votes  of  the  faid  26th  ofju!yy  to  which  theHoufes 

*  were  by  the  faid  Violence  enforced,  whether  they 

*  (hould  be  declared   null   and  void,  it  was  carried 

*  in  the  Negative,  that  the  Queftion  mould  not  be 
'  put :  By   the  Confequences  whereof,  which  are 
1  many  Ways  very  fad  to  this  poor  Kingdom,  and 

*  more  than  we  can  recount ;  and  by  all  fubfequent 

*  Proceedings  in  that  Houfe  in  relation  to  the  whole 

*  \Bufmefs,  we   clearly  find  that  the  Members  of 

*  that  Houfe,  who,   after  the  Violence  done  to  it, 

*  and  during  the  Abfence  of  the  Speaker  and  the 

*  other  Members   thereby  driven  away,  proceeding 

*  in  the  Name  of  that  Houfe  as  aforefaid,  procured 
1  the  pretended  Powers,  and  did  make  the  pretend- 

*  ea  Votes,  Orders,  and  Ordinances  aforemention- 
'  ed  ;  and,  many  of  them,  were  chief  A6iors  there - 

*  upon  for  the  levying  of  War  in  Profecution  and 

*  Maintenance  of  the  aforefaid  treafonable  Engage- 
'  ment  and  Force  done  to  the  Parliament,  and  for 
'  the  oppofing,  refitting,  and  deftroying  of  this  the 

*  Parliament's  Army  in  its  Advance  to  London^  for 

*  th«  Restitution  of  the  Parliament  to  its  Honour 

*  and  Freedom,  being  confcious  of  their  own  Guilt 
'  and    Danger  thereby  ;    yet,  prefuming  on  their 
'  Inteieft  in  the  Houfe,  and  the  Patience  and  Le- 

*  nity  of  this  Army,  do  continue  to  intrude  them- 

*  felves  and  to  fit  and  vote  there;    anc1,  by  their 
'  prefent  Intereft  in  the  Houfe,  do  ufe  their  utmoft 
4  Endeavours,  and  very   much  prevail,  to  obftrucl: 
c  and  avoid  the  bringing  of  any  to  JufHce  who  have 

*  acted  under  their  pretended  Authority  ;    knowing 
•^  it  to  be  their  own  Cafe  and  Concernirent  in  Point 
*.  of  Impunity,  as  \vsil  as  conducing  to  their  Fac- 

*  tioa 

268  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  23  Car.  I.  «  tion  and  Intcreft ;  and  for  that  Caufe  they  labour^ 
as  ^or  f^ifrj  to  uphold  the  Things  paft  and  donex 
t'le  Authorities  given  by  them  and  their  Fac- 
4  tion,  in  their  and  the  Apprentices  pretended  Par-. 

*  liament,  yea  even  thofe  very  Votes  and  Authori- 

*  ties  wrefted  from  the  Parliament  by  that  palpable 

*  Force  of  July   26,  to  be  good   and   valid   until 

*  they  be  repealed,,  as  if  pait  in  a  free  and  legal 

*  Parliament. 

*  In  which  Point,  and  all  Queftions  touching 

*  upjon  it,    we   find  they  prefume  upon,    and  are 

*  ftrenethened  by,  the  Concurrence  of  divers  other 

*  Members,  who    having,  perhaps   with    harmlcfs 
4  Intentions,    continued  to  fit  with  them    during 

*  the  Speaker's  Abfence  as  aforefaid,  though  they 

*  confented  not  to  any  of  their  mifchievous  Votes 

*  and  Orders,  or  treafonable  Proceedings  aforcmen- 

*  tioned,  may  yet  fear  themfelves   to  be   involved 
1  in  the  fame  Cafe  and  Danger,  by  having  fat  with 

*  them :   And   thus,  by   the  Concurrence  of  thefe 
'  two  Parties  in  the  Houfe  as  to  that  Point,  and  the 
'  Intereft  which  both  thefe  Parties  have  with  others 
'  in  the  Houfe,  efpecially  upon  a  Matter  of  faving 
4  one   another ;    and    by    the    partial   Refpe6b  of 
'  fome  others  in  the  Houfe,  for  the  faving  of  their 

*  Friends  out  of  the  Houfe,  who  have  a&ed  under 

*  the  Authority,    and   for  the  evil  Ends  aforemen- 

*  tioneo\  we  find  an  abfolute   Obftruction  to  the 

*  bringing  to  Juftice  or  queftioning  of   any  who 
'  have  atted  in  the  late  levying  of  War  againft  us, 
'  and  againft   the  Vindication  of  the  Parliament's 
'  Freedom,    or    in    the  faid  treafonable    Engage  - 

*  ments ;  yea,  or  in  Abetment  of  the  tumultuous 

*  Violence  upon  the  Parliament  itfelf ;  neither  can 
'  we  find  or  hear  of  any  one  Perfon  hitherto  brought 

*  to  Juftice  or  Queftion  for  any  of  thofe  Things  ;  but 
'   all  feem  to  be  either  juftified,  or  at  leaft  protecl- 
'  ed  from  Juftice,  by   the  Power  and  Prevalence 
'  of  thofe  Members  in  Parliament,  who  are,  ma- 
4  ny  of   them,    as  we  can  make  appear,    equally 
4  9-uilty  of,  and,  others,  in  fome  Kind  obnoxious 
*-  for,    the  fame   Thing  :   And  thus  not  Quly  out 

4  iv.fl 

^ENGLAND.  269 

*  juft  Expectations  of  Vindication  to  the  Paflia-  An.  5^  Car.  I. 

*  ment,  and  Security  to  ourfelves  and    the  King-         l647- 

*  dom    from    the    like  treafonable    and    turbulent    '     ^  uft 

*  Practices    in    future,   by    exemplary   Juftice  for 
'  what  hath  been  fo  done>  are  frustrated ;  but  even 

*  the  Safety  and  Immunity   of  the   Speakers,    and 
'  thofe  faithful  Members  of  both  Houfes  that  were 

*  driven  away  by  the  Violence  aforefaid,   and  the 

*  Immunity  of  the  Army  in  advancing  to  London^ 

*  to  bring  them  back  and  reftore  the  Parliament  to          ^ 
'  its   Honour  and  Freedom,  which  hath  been  ac- 

*  knowledged  by  public  Thankfgiving  to  God  for 

*  it,  as  aforefaid,  is  fubje&ed  and  expofed  to  Que- 
4  ftion  ;  wherein  theirs,  and  ours,   and  the  King- 

*  dom's    Enemies   obtrude    themfelves    to   be  the 

*  Judges  :   For  if  thofe  pretended  Votes,   Orders, 

*  and  Ordinances,  whereby  War  was  levied  againft 

*  them  and  us,  were  then  good  and  valid  ;    though 

*  they  (hould  now  be  repealed  ;  yet  we,  with  the 

*  Speakers,    and   thofe  Members  aforefaid,  in  op- 

*  pofing  of  them  while  they  were  in  Force,  muft 

*  needs  remain  Tranfgreflbrs  ftill ;  and  yet  God  and 
'  we  are  thanked  for  it.     What  a  Mock  is  this  to 
«  God  and  Man  ? 

*  But  to  return  to  the  more  ferious  Confidera- 

*  tion  of  our  Cafe,  in  relation  to  the  Security  of 
"  the  Parliament,  Kingdom,  and  ourfelves,  againft 
'  the  like  turbulent  and  treafonable  Practice  in  fu- 

*  ture  ;  ftnce,  by  the  Means  aforefaid,  no  Security 

*  by  exemplary  Juftice  can  at  prefent  be   had  to 

*  deter  any  from  the  like,  we  wifh   all   Men  to 
'  confider  what  Straits   we  are   in   this    Cafe  put 
'  upon, 

*  That  which  is  the  main  Work  of  the  King- 

*  dom,  and  which  we  moft  earneftly  thirft  for  and 

*  attend  upon,  viz.  The  fettling  of  a*  Peace,  and 

*  Confideration  of  our  Propofals,   in  order  thereun- 

*  to,    will  afk  Time  to  bring  rt  to  an  Iflue ;    and 

*  that  done,  the  relieving  or  remedying  of  the  pref- 
4  ling  Grievances   of  the  Kingdom  will   take   up 

*  and  require    the   Sitting  of   the    Parliament  for 

*  fome  further  Time,   though,  upon  the  fettling 

«  of 

27 o  *The  Parliamentary  H  i  s  f  o  R  V 

An.  23  Car.  I.  '  of  a  Peace,  a  Period  be  .  fet  for  the  certain  end« 

«--  l6.47    J     '  'n»  °^  i.c*     Now,  for  the  Body  of  this  Army,  or 

Auguft.        *  f°  great  a  Part  °f  ^  as  mri)'  ferve  to  over- power 

4  any  future  Tumults  or    Force  that  may  arife   in 

4  or  from  the  City,  to  continue  hereabouts  fo  lono;V 

*  the  Condition  of  the  Country  round  about,   and 

*  the  Necefliiies  of  the  City,  in  Point  of  Provifion, 
4  cannot  well    bear    it ;  and,    we    doubt,    foreign 
4  Forces,    that  are  already   upon    the  Wing,  and 
'  turbulent  Spirits,  that  in  feveral  Parts  of  the  King- 
'  dom  arc  beginning  Infurre&ions  if  we  continue 

*  fixed  here,  will  have  fuch  Opportunity,  and  take 

*  fuch    Encouragement    therefrom,     as   that    they 
'  may,  erelong,  neceflarily  call  us  off.     Should  we 
4  now  or  hereafter,  while  the  Parliament  fits,  draw 

*  off  the  Army  from  about  the  City,   without  ex-' 
4  emplary  Jufticc  upon  fome,  would  not  the  fame, 

*  or  more  dangerous,  Tumults  and  Violences  pro- 

*  babjy return  upon  the  Parliament,   and   the  like, 

*  or  worfe,  Practices  of  raifmg  a  new  War  be  re- 

*  vived,    with  more   Advantage   to  our  Enemies, 
4  more  Danger  to   us   and  the  Kingdom,   and  lefs 
4  Hopes   of  appeafing  it    fo    eafily  .and  happily   as 
4  the  former,   while  the  fame  violent  and   factious 
4  Spirits,  both  in   the   Parliament  jind   el fe where, 
4  foall  continue  in  the  fame  Power  and   Opportu- 

*  nities  as  formerly  ;    and  both  they  and  all  others 
4  {hall  have  before  their  Eyes  the  Encouragement 

*  of  that  Impunity  and  Protection,  yea  rather  that 
4  Juftincation,   which  they    have    hitherto  found 
4  from  within    the    Parliament  itfelf  in  the    paft 
4  Practices  aforementioned,  though  as  grofly  trca- 

*  fonable  as  any  they  can  hereafter  run  into  ?  Should 
4  we   or  any    others,  for  the  obtaining  of  exem- 
4  plary  Juftice  upon  ibme,  proceed  to  impeach  any 
4  for  their  paft  treafonable  Practices,   what  Hopes 
4  of  Juftice  or  of  a  timely  Difpatch  therein  can  we 
4  have,  while  fuch  a  prevailing  Party  of  Men,   in- 
4  tereited  and  concerned  in  the  fame  Things,  {hall, 
4  in  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  continue  to  be  Judges 
4  thereof ;  or  at  leaft  be  ready  to  avow  and  juftify 

*  the   Offenders    therein,  as  having  a<£led    under 

2  4  their 

of   ENGLAND.  271 

*  their  pretended  Authority?  In  this  Strait  there-  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  fore,    though  we  ever  have  been  and  ftiall  be  moft 
4  tender  of  alljuft  Privileges   of  Parliament,   yet 
'  finding  the  Root  of  thefe  and  other  Difficulties 
'  to    the  Parliament,  Kingdom   and   ourfelves,  to 

*  lie    in  this,  viz.     That  thofe  Members  of  the 
1  Houfe  of  Commons  who,  during  the  forced  Ab- 

*  fence  of  the  Speakers  of  both  Houfes,  continuing 
'  to  fit  and  act  as  a  Parliament,  did  procure  and 

*  confent  to  the  pretended  Votes,  Orders,  and  Or- 

*  dinances  aforementioned  for  levying  of  War ;  and 

*  that,  as  is  before  demonltrated,   in  direct  Profe- 

*  cution  or  Maintenance  of  the  aforefaid   treafon- 
4  able  Engagement  and  the  Violence  done  to  the 

*  Parliament ;  and  for  the  oppofing,   refuting,  and 

*  deftroying  of  this  the  Parliament's  Army   in  its 

*  Advance   towards  London^   only   to   reitore   the 

*  Speakers  and  Members  of  both  Houfes  that  were 

*  driven  away,  and  the  Houfes  themfelves,  to  their 

*  Honour  and  Freedom;  and  who  are  thereby,  and 
'  by  their  late  owning  and  avowing  of  the  fame, 

*  and  many  of  them,   as  we  can  prove  by  acting 
'  perfonally   in  the  faid  treafonable  Practices,  be- 

*  come  Parties  to  the  fame,  do  yet  take  the  Bold- 
'  nefs  to  fit  and  vote  in  Parliament,   efpecially  in 
'  the  Houfe  of  Commons.     We  fay,   finding  the 
6  main  Root  of  our  Difficulties  and  Dangers  to  lie 
4  in  this, 

*  Firft,    we  appeal  to  all  Men,  Whether  it  be 
*juft  or  tolerable,    that  any  Privilege  of   Parlia- 

*  mcnt  ftiould,   contrary  to  the  Law   of  Nature, 

*  make  a  Man  Judge -in  his  own   Cafe  and  Con- 

*  cernment  ?  And  we  wifh  thofe  Men  themfelves  to 

*  conlider,  if  we  had  come  to  an  Engagement  with 
1  the  Forces  raifed   by  virtue  of  their  pretended 

*  Votes  and   Ordinances,  and  that  thoufands   had 
'  been  flain,  and  that  we  had  made  our  Way  by  the 
'  Sword,  Whether  they  would  then  have  expected 

*  to  have  fat  as  Judges  on  us  therein  ?   And  we  are 
4  fure  it  is  no  Thanks  to  them  that  it  hath  been 

*  otherwife ;    and  had   we  found  thole    Members 

272  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

.  13  Car.  I.  «  in  Arms  agninft  us^  and  fubdued  and  taken  them, 

*P+7m        *  Whether    had  they  not  been  in    the  Condition 

Au  iift        '  °^  Prif°ners   of  War  ?    And  if  fo   then   having 

'  put  Arms  into  the  Hands  of  others  againft  us,  and" 

'  ftill  maintaing   it,   Whether   can   they,    in  ftrict 

*  Juftice,  challenge  any  better  Condition  from  us  ? 
'  But  that,   contrariwife,    we  (hould  fuffer  either 

*  that  thofc  whom,  by  the  Courfe  of  War  which 

*  they  had  chofe  to  engage  in  againft  us,  we  might 

*  juftly  make  our  Prisoners,  mould,  in  a  Courfe 
'  of  Law,  become  our  M afters  and  Commanders  ; 

*  or  that  thofe  who  the  other  Day  did,  in  an  hoftile 
'  Manner,  endeavour  to  have  been  our  Executi- 
'  oners,    {hould,    now  we    have  by   Force   broke 
4  their  Preparations  againft  us,  become  our  Jud^e?  j 
'  we  fuppofe  no  reafonable  Man,   nor  ttarmfelves, 
'  when  they    well    confider  it,    can   expect    from 
'  us. 

*•  Upon  all  thefe  Confiderations  of  the  Juftnefs 
'  of  the  •  Caufe,  and  the  Neceflity  of  the  Thing, 
'  for  the  Safety  of  the  Parliament,  Kingdom,  and 
'  this  Army,  (having  no  other  Way  left  timely  to 
'  remedy  the  Difficulties  we  are  put  upon,  or  pre- 
'  vent  the  growing  Dangers  of  future  Violence 
'  unto  the  Parliament,  and  Difturbances  to  the 

*  Kingdom,  or  to  fecure  the  Parliament  in  a  quiet 
1  Proceeding  to  fettle  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  ; 
'  and   in  fuch  Cafe,  the  Safety  of  the   People  be- 

*  ing  the  Supreme  Lawj  we  do  proteft  and  declare, 

*  That  if  any  of  thofe  Members,  who,  during  the 
'  Abfence    of  the    Speakers    and   the  reft  of  the 
«  Members   of  both   Houfes,   forced  away  by  the 

*  tumultuous  Violence  aforefaid,  did  fit  and  vote 
'  in    the    pretended    Houfes    then    continuing    at 

*  Weftmatfter^    fhall  hereafter  intrude  themfelves  to 

*  fit  in   Parl  iament,  before  they  fhall   have    given 
4  Satisfaction  to  the   refpe&ive  Houfes,  concern- 
'  ing  the  Grounds  of  their  faid   Sitting  at  Weji- 

*  mlnfter^  during  the  Abfence  of  the  faid  Speakers  j 

*  and  {hall  have  acquitted  themfelves  by  iufficient 
'  Evidence,    that  they  did    not  procure   or   give 

«  their 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.         „ 

c  their  Confent  unto  any  of  thofe  pretended  Votes,  An. 

*  Orders,  or  Ordinances,  tending  to  the  raifmg  and 

*  levying  of  a  War,  as  is   before  declared,  or   for 
4  the    King's  Coming    forthwith  to   London,    we 
c  cannot    any  longer  fiiffer    the  fame  ;    but  fhall 
'  do   that  Right  to  the  Speakers  and  Members  of 

*  both  Houfes  who  were  driven  away  to  us,  and 
1  to.  oiirfelves  with  them,  all  wliom  the  laid   other 
r  Members  have  endeavoured,  in  an  honule  Man- 
'  ner,   moft  unjiiftly   to  deftroy  ;    arid  alfo   to  the 
c  Kingdom,  which  they  endeavoured  to  imbroil  in 

*  a  new  War,  as  to  take  Tome  t'peedy  and  effectual 
'  Courfe   whereby  to    reftrain    them    from    being 

*  their  own,  ours,  and  the  Kingdom's  Judges  in 
'  thofe  Things  wherein  they  have  made  themfelves 
'  Parties ;  by  this  Means   to  make  Way  that  both 

*  they  and  others  that  are  guilty  of  and  Parties  to, 
e  the  aforefaid  treafonable  and  deftructive  Practices 

*  and  Proceedings  againft  the  Freedom  of  the  Pah- 
'  liament  and  Peace  of   the   Kingdom,    may  be 

*  brought  to  condign  Punifhment ;  and  that  at  the 
'  Judgment  of  a  free  Parliament,  confiding,  duly 
c  and  properly,  of  fuch   Members   of  both  Houfes 
c  refpectively,   who  ftand  clear  from  fuch  apparent 
'  and  treafonable  Breach  of  their  Trufi,  as  is  before 
'  exprefled.' 

By    the  Appointment  cf  his   Excellency   and  the 
General  Council  of  his  Army. 

JO.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

Next  follows  the  Letter  of  Thanks  to  the  Ge- 
neral, which  contains  no  more  than  what  is  al- 
ready exprefled  in  the  Order  for  it.  How  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  relifhed  this  laft  Declaration 
from  the  Army  will  (hortly  appear.  However,  it 
plainly  {hews  they  were  in  no  better  Situation  thari 
before,  but  rather  more  under  the  Power  of  the 
Sword  ;  and,  no  doubt,  haftensd  the  Agreement 
between  the  two  Houfes  :  For, 

The  fame  Day,  the  Commons  fent  up  another 
Draught  of  an  Ordinance  for  making  void  all  Votes, 

VOL.  XVI.  S  Orders, 

for  making  void 
all  Proceedings 
during  the  Ab- 
fence  of  the 
Speakers,  pafles 
both  Houfer. 

274  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  Orders,  and  Ordinances,  in  the  Time  of  the  Ab- 

L      l647'         f  nee  of  the  Speakers  ;  which,  after  fome  Debate, 

Auv  ft>       the  Lords  agreed  to.     It  was  in  every  Refpedt  an- 

fwerable  to  that  which  had  been  brought  into  the 

Houfe  of  Lords  before,  and  pafled  there,  except  in 

the  following  Provifo  : 

The  Ordinance        '  Provided  always,  That  no  Perfon  (hall  be  im- 
'  peached  or  punifhed  for  their  Actings,  by,  or  upon, 
or  according  to,  the  aforefaid  Votes,  Orders,  and 
Ordinances,    unlefs   he  or  they    {hall  be  found 
guilty  of  contriving,  acting,  or  abetting,  the  vi- 
ftble  and  actual  Force  aforefaid  ;  or  being  prefent 
at,  or  knowing  of,  the  faid  Force,  did  afterwards 
act  upon  the  Votes  fo  forced  ;  or  were  guilty  of 
entering  into  or  promoting  the  late  Engagement 
for  bringing  the  King  to   the  City,    upon   the 
Terms  and  Conditions  exprefled  in  his  Majefty's 
Letter  of  the  I2th  cf  May  laft.' 
The  Commons  had  warmly  debated  every  Claufe 
of  this  Ordinance  :  For  no  lefs  than  three  Divi- 
fions,  on  the  Queftion,  appear  in   their  Jcurnahy 
of  the  i gth  Inftant,  all  fo  near  in  Number,  as  96 
againft  93,  85  againft  83,  and  87  againft  84,  be- 
fore the  General's  Letter  and  Remonftrance  were 
delivered    to  that  Houfe  j    which,  after    reading, 
filenced  all  their  Debates  j  and,  the  next  Day,  the 
Ordinance  was  pafled,  as  above,  and   fent  to  the 
Lords  by  Sir  John  Evelyn. — In  Lord  Holies':  Me- 
main  we  are  informed,  that  to  enforce  this  Decla- 
ration, a  Party  of  1000  Horfe  were  drawn  up  in 
Hyde-Park;    Cromwell  and   Ireton  making  mena- 
cing Speeches  in  the  Houfe,  and  Guards  out  of 
the  Army  befetting  the  Doors  and  Avenues  there- 

Aug.  22.  The  Commons  fent  up  to  impart  to 
the  Lords  fome  Intelligence  they  had  received  from 
Ireland,  of  a  decifive  Victory  over  the  Rebels  in 
that  Kingdom.  The  Particulars  of  the  Battle,  fcrV. 
being  in  Mr.  Rujbivortb's  Cdleftiom  (f),  and  rather 


(c)  CtUeffina,  Vol.  VII.  p-  779- 

of  E  N  G  L  A  N  a  275 

foreign  to  our  Purpofe,  we  omit ;  obferving  only,  An.  23  car.  r. 

that  the  Parliament  ordered  a  Day  of  Thankfgiving  ^        / 

for  it,  to  be  firft  kept  in  London  and   Wejlminjler*       Auguft. 
and  afterwards  all  over  England, 

Augnjl  24.  There  is  a  Recefs  from  any  material 
Bufmefs  in  both  Houfes,  except  that  this  Day  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  were  fomewhat  alarmed  with 
an  Information  that  Mr.  Anthony  Nicholl*  one  of  the 
Eleven  Members  accufed  by  the  Army,  was  efca- 
ped  out  of  the  Serjeant's  Cuftody.  All  the  Ports  Some  of  the 
in  England  and  Wales  were  ordered  to  be  flopped,  M^"  ir"- 

j     11  r^tf  11-  •      ?  peach  d  by  the 

and  all  Officers  belonging  to  them  were  required  Army  retire  to 
not  to  fuffer  him  to  pafs  through  them.     So  great  different  Parts, 
a  Dread  was  had  of  the  Army  at  this  Time.     Mr. 
Whitlocke  writes  (d}*  <  That  Mr.  Holies*  Sir  Philip 
Stapylton*  Sir  William  Lewis,  Sir  William  Waller*        ^ 
Sir  John  Clotivorthy*  and  Mr.  Long*  went  in  one 
Ship  for  France-*  where,  foon  after,  that  gallant 
Gentleman,  Sir  Philip  Stapylton*  died  of  the  Plague 
at  Calais :  And  that  fome  of  them  went  into  other 
Parts,  or  retired  to  their  own  Countries,  and  lived 
privately.'     Mr.  Holies  went  to  St.  Mere  Eglide*  in 
Normandy* '  where    he  refided   feveral  Years,   and 
wrote  his  Memoirs. 

Thus  the  Army  got  rid  of  the  moft  able  Mana- 
gers againft  them  ;  which,  as  Mr.  Ludlow  (e)  ob- 
ferves,  *  was  their  principal  Aim  in  their  Profecu- 
tion  of  the  Eleven  Members.' 


jfuguft  26.  A  Letter  was  read  from  Lord  Mon-  The  King  re. 
tague*  dated  at  Oatlands*  Augujl  24,  informing  the  mo^es  to  Harnp- 
Lords,  That,    the  Night  before,   the  King  was  ton-Cour 
pleafed  to  tell  them  he  intended  to  go  this  Day  to 
Hampton-Court*    whither    they    were     to     attend 
him.     And, 

Augujl  27.  The  Lords  and  Commons  agreed  to 

the  Propofitions  for  Peace,  with  the  Addition  of  a 

Provifo,  after  a  Conference,  in  which   the  latter 

gave  the  following  Reafons  for  their  infifting  -te- 

S  2  nacioufly, 

{</)  Menoriaht  p.  259.  (<r)  Memoirs,  Vol,  I.  p.   197. 

276  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.I.  nacioufly,  to  the  Propofitions  as  they  came  from 
them,  without  any  further  Alteration  : 

«  Becaufe  it  was  the  Refolution  of  both  Houfes, 
with  the  Confent  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  to 
fend  the  fame  Propofitions  now  as  were  fent  to  the 

ProprftioH  of  K-        a(.  ^euca/Jle:  That  great  Prejudice   would 

Peace  ordered  to  o  rp,rrj  ,    _,. 

be  fent  to  him     enfue,  if  they  were  not  fpeeded  ;  for  fo  much  I  nne 
there.  will  be  elapfed,  if  there  be  any  Alterations  in  them, 

becaufe  they  muft  then  be  fent  to  Scotland  alfo, 
which  will  very  much  retard  the  fettling  the  Peace 
of  the  Kingdom.'  The  Lords  debated  this  Matter 
fome  Time ;  but  at  laft  agreed  to  it,  and  order- 
ed the  Propofitions,  after  having  the  Confent  of 
the  Scots  Commiflioners  to  them,  to  be  fent  to  the 

September  i.  A  Letter  from  the  Setts  Com- 
miflioners was  read  : 

Fcr  the  Right  Honourable  the  SPEAKER  of  the  Hoitfc 
of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

WorceJlcr-Houft)  Aug.  30,  1647. 

Right  Honourably 

*  V¥  J  E  are  commanded  from  the  Committee  of 

*  W    the  Eftates  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland, 
'  to  deliver  this  inclofed  Letter  to  both  the  Houfes 
'  of  the  Parliament  of  England,  and  to  defire  that 

*  a  fpeedy  Anfwer  may  be  returned  thereto,  that 
c  the  Meflenger,  who  is  fent  to  attend  the  fame, 

*  may  be  haftened  back  ;  we  therefore  entreat  your 
'  Lordfhip  to  communicate  the  faid  Letter  lathe 
4  Honourable  Houfes,  and  reft 

Tour  Lord/hip's  humble  Servants, 



of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  277 

For  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  and  COMMONS  An.  a 3  Car.  I. 
ajjembled  in  the  Parliament  of  England  at  Weft-  l647>  , 
minfter.  September. 

Edinburgh,  Aug.  21,   1647. 

Right  Honourable, 
'  ^IT/E  have  heard,  and  not  without  Amaze-  A  ^etter  frora 

*  W    ment,  that  the  Earl  of  Lauderdale,    one  the  states  of 

«  of  the  Commiffioners  employed  by   this  King-  ^^jj^jf 
'  dom,  having,  in  Purfuance  of  our   Directions,  .^|  for'thei* 

*  repaired  to  his  Majefty,  was,  in  a  violent  Man-  Commiflioners, 

*  ner,  forced  away  by  fome  Soldiers  in  Sir  Thomas  Meffengers,  &c. 
'  Fairfax's  Army,  contrary  to  the  Law  of  Nations, 

e  and  a  particular  Agreement  betwixt  the  King- 

*  doms.      We  do  like  wife  find  that  Letters   and 
'  Meflengers,  directed  to  us  from  our  Commiffion- 

*  ers,  have  been  intercepted  j  whereby  that  happy 
*•  Correfpondence,  which  hath  been  formerly  be- 

*  twixt  the  Kingdoms,  is   interrupted;    and,  after 
*•  ferious  Deliberations,  we  thought  good  to  defire 
'  from  the  Houfes  of  Parliament  a  Reparation  of 

*  thofe  Injuries,  efpecially  of  that  done  to  the  Earl 
'  of  Lauderdale,  which  we  look  upon  as  done  to 

*  this  Kingdom ;  rior  can  we,  in   reafon,  think, 

*  though  we  fhould  be  filent,  that  the  Houfes  of 
e  Parliament  will  fuffer  fo  great  an  Offence  to  pafs 
4  unpuniflied.     And  becaufe  we  cannot  .expect  a 

*  free  Intercourfe  and  Communication  of  Affairs 
'  betwixt  the  two  Kingdoms  for  the  future,  unlefs 

*  there  be  a  Protection  of  the  Perfons  of  our  Com- 

*  miflloners  from  all  Injury  and  Violence,  and  a 
'  free  PafTage  for  Meflengers,  Packets,  and  Letters, 
'  betwixt  us  and  them  ;  we  do  further  deiire,  That 
'  we  may  have  Affurance  under  the  Hands  of  the 
'  Speakers   of  both    Houfes,    and   of  Sir  Thomas 
c  Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War,  that  our  Com- 

*  miflioners,  and  fuch  others  as  (hall  be  employed 

*  by  us  hereafter,  with  their  Retinue,  or  fuch  as 
4  (hall  have  Paffes  from  us,  fhall  have  free  Accefs 
^  to  his  Majefty,  and  to  the  Houfes  of  Parliament, 

*  and  be  permitted  to  ftay  there,  and  return  thither 

83  at 

278  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  dr.  I.  «  at  their  Pleafure,  without  any  Moleftation  or  Re- 

, \^'_ ,   '  ftraint  whatfoever  j  as  alfo  that  all  Meflen^ers, 

September.      '  Packets,  or  Letters  fent  from  us  to  them,  or  from 

*  them  to  us,  (hall  freely   pafs  without  any  Man- 
'  ner  of  Interruption :  And  to  the   end   all   thefe 
'  may  be  the  better  obferved,  we  defire  Intima- 
'  tion  may  be  made  thereof  to  all  Commanders  of 

*  Garrifons,and  other  Officers  and  Soldiers  ;  where- 
'  unto  we  defire  and  expeft  your  fpeedy  Anfwer  by 
«  the  Bearer. 

*  We  defire  alfo  that  there  be  a  free  Commerce 

*  and  Traffick  alfo    to   all    the    Subjects  of   this 

*  Kingdom,  as  in  former  Times  before  thefe  late 

*  Troubles.     I  reft 

Your  affcftionate  Friend^ 

And  bumble  Servant, 
LOUD  ON,  Cancellarius. 

The  Lords  ordered  this  Letter  to-  be  commu- 
nicated to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  and  to  defire 
their  Concurrence  that  the  Confideration  of  the 
Matter  of  Fact  be  referred  to  the  Membr-rs  of 
both  Houfes  that  are  of  the  Committee  of  both 
Kingdoms,  toconfider  what  is  fit  to  be  done  there- 
upon, and  to  make  Report  thereof  to  the  Houfes  : 
Alfo  that  the  Fropofitions  of  both  Kingdoms,  for 
a  fafe  and  well-grounded  Peace,  fhall  be  prefented 
to  the  King  on  Tuefday  next ;  that  the  Scots  Com- 
miflioners  be  acquainted  therewith,  and  that  they  be 
defired  to  go  along  with  fuch  a  Committee  of  Lords 
and  Commons  as  fliall  be  appointed  by  both  Houfes 
to  prefent  the  fame,  and  the  Concurrence  of  the 
Houfe  of  Cominons  to  be  defired  herein. 

The  fame  jjjav  the  Sub-committee  of  Lords  and 
Common^,  appointed  to  examine   into   the  Force 
ufed  to  the  Parliament,  &c.  made  fome  Report  of 
A  new  Militia      it  to  this  Effeft  : 

crtnBitutcd  in  *  That  it  is  the  Opinion  of  the  faid  Committee, 

VuiJon.  That  a  new  Militia  be  conftituted,  in  the  City  of 

L  on  dcn^ 

ef  ENGLAND.  279 

London^   by  Ordinance,  and  only  fitting  Perfons  An.  23  Car.  I. 

employed  in   it :    That  the  Train'd    Bands  and    t  l6*7'    A 

Auxiliaries    of  the  'Tower  Hamlets   fhall  be    un-     November. 

der  the  immediate  Command   and  Power  of  the 

Conftable  of  the  Tower  and  his  Lieutenant,  &c. 

That  it  be  referred  to  the  General  and  his  Officers 

to  confider  what  conftant  and  ordinary  Guard  will 

be  fit  for  the  Safety  of  the  Tower ;  and,  admitting 

the  Army  be  removed  from  the  City,  what  fhall 

be  done  with  the  Line  of  Communication  and  the 

Forts  about  London  ? 

'  That  it  is  the  Opinion  of  the  Committee,  in 
order  to  the  Safety  of  the  Parliament  and  City, 
that  they  fhould  take  fuch  principal  Perfons  of  the 
City  into  Cuftody,  as  have  had  a  hand  in  the  late 
Turn  It,  and  have  endeavoured  to  raife  a  new 
War  :  That  they  report  the  State  of  their  Mifde- 
meanors  to  the  Houfes,  to  be  brought  to  fpeedy 
Juftice ;  to  the  end  that  fuch  as  are  faulty  may  be 
removed,  and  fit  Perfons  put  into  fuch  Places  of 
Truft  as  they  now  enjoy. 

'  Laftly^  That  the  Houfes  may  be  moved  to 
confider  of  their  Power,  concerning  the  Adjourn- 
ment of  the  Parliament  unto  fome  other  Place  ; 
for  until  that  be  declared,  it  is  very  difficult  to  of- 
fer what  may  be  for  their  future  Security,  otherwife 
than  by  the  Body  of  the  Army.' 

At  the  fame  Time  was  prefented  to  the  Lords 
the  Anfwer  of  the  General  and  his  Officers  to  the 
Points  referred  to  them  by  this  Sub-committee. 

'  That  as  to  the  Point  concerning  the  Line  of 
Communication,  and  Forts  about  the  Cities  of 
London  and  Wejlminjler^  and  Borough  of  South- 
ward, wherein  you  have  afked  our  Opinion,  we 
anfwer,  That  we  conceive  it  neceflary  that  the 
whole  Line  of  Communication,  as  alfo  the  Forts 
upon  and  about  the  fame,  be  effectually  flighted, 
before  the  Army  draws  off  from  their  prefent 
Quarters  about  the  City. 

'  That  as  to  the  other  Part,  concerning  the 
Guards  at  the  Tower,  they  would  fend  their  Opinion 
in  three  or  four  Days.' 

S  4  Sept. 

"  *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

s&pt.  2.  Purfuant  to  Part  of  this  Advice,  both 
Houfes,  this  Day,  parted  an  Ordinance  for  refet-r 
tling  the  Militia  of  London,  &c.  in  the  old  Hands; 
and  alfo  to  another,  for  effectually  flighting  all  the 
Works  and  Forts  a^out  the  City. 

^novs^Aher^  The  Proportions  for  Peace  having  been  ordered 

theEnghfh  Par-  to  ^e  ftewn  to   ^  Scots  Commifiioners,  for  their 

hament  and  the  Aflent  to  them,  before  they  were  preferred  to  the 

scots  commif-  King,  the  Scots  returned  for  Anfwer,  «  That  they 

fioners  aoout  the   ,',   °         „          .  ,      _.     ,.  .     J 

s  of  did  expedt  to  hear  from  the  Parliament  in  Anfwer 
to  fome  Letters  they  had  fent  to  them,  concerning 
fome  late  Affronts  and  Violence  done  their  Mem- 
bers, for  which  no  Reparation  was  as  yet  given, 
before  they  returned  their  Senfe  of  the  whole  Bu- 
fmefs,  or  could  conceive  themfelves  to  be  in  a  fuf- 
ficient  Security  for  prefenting  his  Majefty  with  the 
Propofitions  for  Peace,  efpecially  where  that  Army 
is  which  acted  thefe  Things  :  Therefore  they  de- 
ftrcd  a  Safe-Conduit,  conformable  to  the  faid  Letter 
in  all  Points/ 

The  Committee  of  Parliament  anfwered  the 
Sects,  '  That  whereas,  in  ,thcir.  Paper  then  given, 
they  fay.  That  before  they  return  their  Stnfe  of  the 
ivbilt  Bufaefs  they  do  expcft^  &c.  the  Committee 
defired  to  know,  whether  by  thefe  Words,  the 
vjhole  Bufinefs^  they  intended  any  other  Thing  than 
the  joining  with  the  Committee  of  Parliament,  in 
prefenting  the  Propofitions  to  the  King?  And, 
for  the  Safc-Conducl:  defired,  whether  they  intend- 
ed any  Thing  elfe  than  a  Safe-Condu6t  for  thofe 
Perfons,  who  were  to  be  employed  in  prefenting 
the  faid  Propofitions  ?' 

To  this  the  Scots  Commiffioners  replied,  *  They 
thought  their  foimer  Paper  was  fo  clear,  that  it 
needed  no  Explanation  ;  but,  to  fatisfy  the  Parlia- 
ment's Commillioners,  defiring  to  know  what  they 
intended  by  thofe  Words,  the  ^vhole  Bufmefs  ;  they 
relate  to  the  feveal  Votes  and  Orders  delivered  tq 

about  the  Proportions  themfelves,  which  they 
hf.u!  not  yet  perufed  ;  and  to  the  Shortnefs  of 
Time  for  prefenting  them  to  his  Majefty,  appointed 


of    ENGLAND.  281 

without  their  Knowledge:  And,  as  to  the  Safe- An.  23  Car.  I. 
Conduct  deiired  by  them,  they  expected  tit  to  be , I047'     t 
for  all  fuch  Perfons  and  Ends,  as  are  fully  expref-     September, 
ied  in  the  Letter  of  the  Committee  of  Eftates  of 
Scotland,  the  2ift  of  Auguft  laft;  and   having  thus 
cleared  the  Thing,  they  defired  that  both  Papers 
might  be  reported  to  the  Honourable  Houfes.' 

Upon  the  reading  of  thefe  Matters  in  the  Houfe 
of  Lords,  it  was  ordered  to  be  referred  to  a  Com- 
mittee to  confider  of  a  proper  Anfwer  to  be  re- 
turned to  the  Scots  Commiflioners  upon  thofe  Pa- 
pers, and  report  the  fame  to  the  Houfe. 

This  Anfwer  was  drawn  up,  read,  and  agreed  to 
the  fame  Day,  and  ordered  to  be  delivered  to  the 
Scots  Commiflioners  that  Afternoon,  as  follows  : 

Right  Honourable,  September  2,  1647. 

WE  have  received  your  Lordfhip's  Papers  of 
the  firft  and  fecond  of  this  Inftant  Sep- 
tember^ as  reported  to  us  from  the  Members  of 
both  Houfes  that  are  of  the  Committee  of  both 
Kingdoms  ;  and,  having  taken  the  fame  into 
Confideration,  do  return  this  Anfwer,  That  a 
Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  of  the  Twentieth 
of  Auguji  laft  (*),  in  order  to  your  Satisfaction  in 
that  Bufinefs  concerning  the  Earl  of  Lauder- 
dalf,  hath  been  already  communicated  to  you  ; 
and  further,  fmce  the  Receipt  of  the  Letter  of 
the  2 1  ft  of  Auguft  from  the  States  of  Scotland, 
we  have  put  the  Bufinefs  into  a  Way  of  Exa- 
mination, that  we  may  fully  and  fpeedily  fatisfy 
ourfelves  of  the  Matters  of  Fact,  and  fhall  do 
therein  what  fhall  be  juft  and  fit  to  give  that 
Kingdom  Satisfaction :  But  the  Houfes  being 
hitherto  not  informed  of  the  Particulars  thereof, 
and  having,  as  yet,  not  any  Proof  at  all,  could 
not  have  expected  that  it  fhould  be  taken  as  an 
Occafion  to  hinder  the  fending  of  the  Propofi- 
•f  tions  for  the  fpeedy  Settlement  of  the  Peace  of 


(«)  We  do  not  find  this  Letter  in  the  Journals  of  either  Houfe, 
or  in  xhe  Colkfiiens* 

282  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car  T.  «  fat   Kingdom  ;  and  the   rather,    becaufe  as  we 

v ,   e  have  not  nor  (hall  not  maintain  any  unfit  and 

September.  *  un;uftifiable  Deportment  towards  any  of  your 
'  Members,  or  any  others  employed  from  the 
'  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  fo  we  have,  upon  diverfe 

*  Occafions,  paffed   by   Matters   of  Offence,    and 

*  never  made  Ufe  thereof  to  obftruft  any  public 

*  Proceedings  betwixt  the  Kingdoms ;  much  lefs 
«  in  fuch  Things  as   immediately  tend  to  the  fet- 

*  tling  the  Peace  thereof. 

'  And  as  to  the  Particular  of  fending  the  Pro- 

*  politions  to  the  King  on  Tuesday  next,  (which 

4  Propofitions  are  the  fame  prefented   formerly  to 

*  the  King  at  NewcaJJle,  except  in  fome  few  Par- 
'  ticulars  concerning  our  own  Delinquents  and  the 
'  Bifliops  Lands,  which  are  given   in  Security  for 
'  the  200,000  /.    paid    unto  you)  we    do  adhere 
'  unto  you,  that  no  Time  may  be  loft  in  a  Bufi- 

*  nefs  of  that  Confequence ;  and  therefore   we  do 

*  hereby  engage  ourfelves  for  a  Safe-Condu&  to 

*  fuch  Perfons  as  you  (hall   fend  to  the  King  upon 

*  this  Service  ;  and  we  do  defire  your  Concurrence 

*  in  injoining  your  Commiflioners  to  deliver  the 

*  Propofiticns  to  his  Majefty  at  the  Time  appoint- 

*  ed,  wherewith  we  did  acquaint  you  without  the 
'  leaft  Delay,  the  very  fame  Day  that  it  was  named 

*  by  the  Hou.fes  in  order  to  their  Confent ;  affur- 

*  ing  you  that   we  hold  it   our  Duties  to  proceed 
c  with  Effcft  and  Speed  to  the  Settlement  of  the 

*  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  according  to  the  Truft 

*  repofed  in  us/ 

Sept.  3.  This  Day  the  Lords   received  from  the 
Scots  Commiffioners  the  following  Reply   to  their 
4          Paper  of  Yefterday  : 

For  the  Right  Honourable  //^  SPEAKER    of  the 

Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

My  Lord,  September  3,  1647. 

'  ^Tp  Hough  it  cannot  in  Reafon  be  denied,  that 

*  Violence    done    to   public    Minifters    gives 

5  toojuft  Grounds  of  the  retarding -of  fuch  public 

*  Proceedings, 

$f   ENGLAND.  23     3 

*  Proceedings,  as  are  neceflfary  to  be  acted  by  them,  An.  13  Car.  I. 

*  yet  it  is  not  our  Mind,  nor  can  it  be  collected  t      l647'     . 

*  from  the  Papers  given  in  to  your  Lordfhips  from     September. 
'  us,  that  the  violent  Deportment  of  fome  Soldiers 

'  as  to  the  Perfon  of  the  Earl  of  Lauderdale  is  re- 
4  prefented  by  us  to  hinder  the  fending  the  Pro- 
'  pofitions  to  his  Majefty  for  the  fpeedy  fettling  the 

*  Peace  of  the  Kingdom ;  but  we  cannot  but  con- 
x  ceive  that  we  have  juft  Reafons  to  demand  Se- 

*  curity   to   our  Perfons  from    that  Army   which 

*  committeth  Violence  againft  the  Perfon  of  that 

*  Nobleman  j  who,  if  he  were  here  prefent,  would 
'  be  able  to  clear  more  of  their  uncivil  Carriage 

*  than  we  can,  being  done  contrary  to  the  ear- 
'  neft   Intreaties  of  fome    of  your  own  Commif- 

*  fioncrs  ;  and,  as  we  are  informed,  in  Prefenc  e  of 

*  fome  Colonels  of  that  Army,    who  know    the 
'  Soldiers  better  than  we  do  :  And  in  regard  the 

*  Committee  of  the  States  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scet- 

*  kmd-t  notwithftanding    our  receiving   and  tranf- 

*  niitting    that  Letter  from    Sir    Thomas   Fairfax^ 

*  whrch  your  Lordfhip  mentions,  have  thought  fit 
'  to  dtfire  from   the  Honourable    Houfes   a   Safe- 
'  Conduct,  under  the  Hands  of  both  Speakers,  the 

*  General  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  and  his  Council  of 
'  War,  for  Indemnity  to  their  Commiffioners  Re- 

*  tiriue  and  Servants,  together  with  a  free  Pafs  and 

*  Repafs  for  their  MefTengers  with  Letters  to  and 
'  fro:n  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland ;  for   the  granting 

*  whereof  we  have  juft   Reafon   to   infift,  fmce  a 
'  MefTenger,  on  Purpofe,   at  their  Command,  doth 
'  yet  here  attend  your  Lordfhips   Anfwer ;  nor  do 
'  we  know  or  remember  any  public  Offence  given 

*  of  that  Nature,  efpecially  to  a  Commiffioner  of 

*  this  Kingdom. 

*  As  to  the  fending  of  the  Prop-fitions  of  Peace 
'  to  his  Majefty  ;  as  it  is  our  earneft  Dffire,  fo  we 
'  hold  ourfelves  bound,  and  do  moil  willingly  a-  . 

*  gree,  to  the  prefenting  of  them  ;  yet  cannot  but 
'  conceive  ourfelves  exceedingly   ftraitened  in   ad- 

*  hering  to  the  Circumftance  of  fo  fhort  a  Day  pe- 

*  remptorily  appointed  by  your  Lordfhips,  without 

2  *•  our 

284  *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  c  our  Knowledge  or  Confent,  notwithftanding  we 

t    i0+7*    ,    '  have  attended  here  thefe  eight  Months  paft,  and 

September      '  tne  Proportions  as  yet  not  having  been  fix  Days 

'  in  our  Hands  ;  upon  Perufal  whereof  we  do  find 

*  an  Addition  of  a  Provjfo  of  above  twenty  Lines, 
'  which  we  apprehend  doth  import  fuch  material 

*  Alteration  tending  to  (if  not  the  deftroying,  yet) 
'.the  weakening  of  fome  preceeding  Proportions, 

*  which  are  moft  confiderable,  which  we  defire  to 
c  be  cleared,  for   the  more  full  fatisfying  of  our 
'  Judgments  and  the  Exoneration  of  ourfelves  in 
'  concurring  with  your  Lordfliips  to  prefent  them 
'  to  his  Majefty. 

«  We  are  likewife  commanded  by  the  Parlia- 

*  ment  of  Scotland  to  let  the  Honourable  Houfes 

*  know,  that  they  have  deleted  out  of  the  Propo- 

*  fitions  of  Peace  the  Names  of  fome  Delinquents, 

*  which  we  fhall  deliver  in  to  your  Lordfhips  be- 
'  fore  the   prefenting  of  them  to  his  Majefty ;  as 
'  alfo  are  warranted  by  them  to  concur  to  the  ex- 

*  punging  of  fuch  of  yours  as  the  Honourable 
e  Houfes,  in  their  Wifdoms,  {hall  think  fit  j  nor 
'  fhall  any  be  more  willing  and  ready  to  do  every 
'  Thing  that  may  conduce  to  the  fpeedy  fettling  of 
c  a  happy  Peace  to  both  Kingdoms  according  to 

*  the  Truft  repofed  in  us/ 

By  Command  of  the  CommiJ/ioners  for  the  Par- 
liament of  Scotland, 


The  Lords  ordered  this  Letter  to  be  communi- 
cated to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  with  this  Senfe, 
«  That  their  Lordfhips  think  fit  that  the  Members 
of  both  Houfes  that  are  of  the  Committee  of  both 
Kingdoms  do  meet  this  Afternoon  ;  and  that  they 
ilo  endeavour  to  clear  thole  Things  which  the  Scots 
Commiflioners  exprefs  themfelves  by  their  Paper, 
of  the  third  of  September  inftant,  to  be  unfatisfied 
jn;  and  further  to  acquaint  them,  that  the  Houfes 
do  adhere  for  fending  the  Propofitions  to  the  King 
on  Tuefday  next.'  To  this  the  Commons  gave 
their  Concurrence, 


^ENGLAND.  285 

Sept.  6.     This  Difpute  is  ftill  continued  in  the  An.  13  Car.  I. 
following  Papers  read   this  Day   in  the  Houfe  of        l647«  ^ 

Lords  :  ' ^~i 


Die  Saturni^  4/0  Septembris,   1647. 

At  a  Committee  of  the  Members  of  both  Honfes  that 

are  of  the  Committee  of  both  Kingdoms, 

1  TN  Purfuance  of  an  Order  of  botji  Houfes  of 
'  •*•  the  third  Inftant,  we  do  acquaint  your  Lord- 
'  (hips,  that,  upon  Confideration  of  the  laft  Paper 
'  fent  to  the  Houfes  by  your  Lordftiips,  the  Houfes 
'  do  adhere  to  their  Refolutions  of  fending  the  Pro- 

*  pofitions  to  the  King  on  Tuefday  next ;  and  we 
'  are   ready    to  endeavour   to   clear  thofe  Things 
c  wherein  your  Lordmips  {hewed  yourfelves  unfa- 

*  tisfied  in  your  faid  Papers.* 

By  Command  of  the  fame  Committee^ 

GUALT.  FROST,  Secretary. 

'the  Scots  Commffioners  ANSWER  to  the  foregoing. 
September  4,  1647. 

*  "O  Y  your  Lordfliip's  Paper,  now  prefently  de- 
c  -D  livered  unto  us,  we  perceive  that  the  Honou- 
'  rable   Houfes  do   adhere   to  the   Refolution   of 

*  fending  the  Proportions  on  Tuefday  to  his  Ma- 

*  jefty,  and  that  your  Lordfhips  are  ready  to  clear 
'  thofe  Things  wherein  we  (hewed  ourfelves  un- 

*  fatisfied.   Your  Lordfliips,  in  your  former  Paper, 

*  told  us,  that  the  Propofitions  are  the  fame  pre- 
«  fented  formerly  to  his  Majefty  at  Newcajile,  ex-» 

*  cept  in  fome  few  Particulars  concerning  your 

*  own  Delinquents  and  the  Bifhops  Lands :    As 

*  to  the  firft,  although  we  do  not  at  all  meddle 
'  with  the  lefiening  of  the  Compofitions  or  Fines 

*  of  your  Delinquents,   or  fhall  not  oppofe   any 

*  Favour  of  that  Kind  which  the  Houfes  fhall  (hew 

*  to    them,    yet  becaufe  the  Orders   and   Ordi- 

*  nances  which  this  Provifo  relate  to,  are  pafled 

*  fince  the  Propofitions  were  prefented  to  his  Ma- 

*  jefty  by  both  Kingdoms  j  and  may,  for  ought 

286  *fhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2-5  Car  I.  *  we  know,  not  be  agreeable  to  the  Proportion* 

1647.         <  as  they  Were  then  agreed  on  by  the  two  King- 

Se  tember      '  ^oms>  we  defire  therefore  to  fee  thefe  Orders  and 

*  Ordinances   of  one  or  both  Houfes  as   alfo  the 

*  two  Ordinances   for  aboliming  Archbimops  and 
'  Bifhops,  &c.  and  the  Sale  of  their  Lands. 

4  This  was  the  Courfe  formerly  obferved,  and 
'  we  are  confident  will  be  now  thought  moft  rea- 

*  fonable.    We  {hall  fjiun  every  Thing  which  may 
«  be  a  Delay   to  the  fettling  of  an   happy    Peace, 

*  which  we  have  been,  and  (hail  ever  be  ready  to 
'  promote  ;  but  we  muft  yet  again  reprefent  to  the 

*  Houfes  the  extreme  Shortnefs  of  the  Time,  which 

*  was  appointed  without  our  Knowledge  or  Con- 
'  fent ;  although,   as  we  faid  before,  we   have  at- 
'  tended  here  many  Months  without  hearing  any 
'  Thing  of  thefe  Proportions. 

'  We  do  not  find  the  firft  Part  of  our  laft  Paper 
'  anfwered  ;  and  therefore  again,  according  to  the 
'  Commands  we  received  from  Scotland,  we  ear- 

*  neftly  entreat  the  Honourable  Houfes  to  return  an 
'  Anfwer  to  the  Letter  of  the  Committee  of  the 

*  Eftates  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  bearing  Date 

*  the  2  ift  of  Auguft,  as  we  have  formerly  deiired. 

By  Command  of  the  CommiJJioners  for  the  Parlia- 
mentof  Scotland,  JOHN  DOWN. 

Die  Saturni,  4/0  Septembrij,   1647. 

Jit  a  Committee  of  the  Members  of  both  Houfes  that 
are  of  the  Committee  of  both  Kingdoms. 

*  \\1  E  have  coniidered  your  Lordfhip's   Paper 

*  VV    now   delivered    unto   us  ;  and   as  to  the 
c  Part  thereof  that  concerns  the  Earl   of  Lauder- 

*  dale  j  we  can  give  no  other  Anfwer  than  what  the 

*  Houfes  have  given  ;  and  to  that  concerning  the 
e  Orders  and  Ordinances  which  the  Provifo  re- 
«  lates  unto,  thev  are  only  for  admitting  fuch  De* 

*  linquents  to   Compoiition  as  had  not  come  in 
'  within  the  Time  limited  by  the  Proportions  for- 
'  merly  fent    to   the   King,   and  for  fettling   the 

*  Rates  of  their  Compofition,    and  the  Time  in 

6  which 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  287 

which  they  {hould  come  in  ;  which  yet,  for  your  An-  *3  £«•  !• 
better  Satisfaction,  we  ihall  endeavour  to  pro-  .       '**7'    , 
cure  you  the  Sight  of  very  fpeedily  ;  as  alfo  the     September. 
Ordinance    concerning   the   Bifliops    and   their 
Lands ;  and  we  do  defire  your  Lordfhip's  Coiv- 
currence  in  the  Delivery  of  the  Proportions  to 
his  Majefty  on  Tuefday  next,  which  is  the  Time 
refolved  on  by  both  Houfes. 

By  Command  of  the  fame  Committee, 

GUALT.  FROST,  Secretary. 

Upon  reading  thefe  Papers,  the  Lords  refolved 
that  they  approved  of  the  Papers  of  the  4th  of  Sep- 
tember, delivered  by  the  Members  of  both  Houfes 
of  the  Committee  of  both  Kingdoms  then  pre- 
fent, unto  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Kingdom  of 
Scotland,  and  of  the  delivering  of  the  fame  unto 
them  ;  and  that  the  Concurrence  of  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  be  defired  therein. 

Next  a  Meflage  was  brought  from  the  Houfe  of 
Commons  by  Sir  John  Evelyn,  defiring  the  Lords 
Concurrence  in  certain  Particulars :  The  firft  of 
thefe  were 

INSTRUCTIONS  for  Philip  Earl  of  Pembroke  and 
Montgomery,  Bafil  Earl  of  Denbigh,  Edward 
Lord  Montague,  Sir  John  Holland,  Bart.  Sir 
Walter  Erie,  Sir  John  Cook,  and  Sir  James 
Harrington,  Knights,  John  Crew  and  Richard 
Browne,  Efquires,  or  any  three  or  more  of  them9 
appointed  Committees  of  both  Houfes  of  the  Par- 
liament of  England,  to  join  with  the  Commif- 
Jioners  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  to  prefent  Pro- 
pojitions  to  the  King's  Majejly  for  a  fafe  and 
tu ell- grounded  Peace,  and  to  receive  his  Majejly's 
Anfwer  thereupon.  Inftruaion*  for 

the  Commiffion- 

I. '  \^  O  U,  or  any  three  or  more  of  you,  fhall««  of  both 
*     JL     prefent  to  the  King  at  Hampton-Court,  or^ttt'eEV 

*  elfewhere  that  the  King's  Refidence  ihall  be,  on  King  therewith. 

«  Tuefday, 

288  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  a3  Car.  I.  <  Tuefday,   being  the  yth  Day  of  this  Inftant  &/U 

t       *^  7'  __t  *  tember,  froln  the  Lords  and  Commons.afTembled 

September.      '  m   tne  Parliament  of  England,  the  .Propofitions 

*  herewith    fent    unto   you   for  a  fafe  and   well- 
'  grounded  Peace. 

II.  '  You,  or  any  three  or  more   of  you,  arc 

*  to  defire  from  the  King  his  pofttive  Anfwer  and 
4  Confent  to  the  faid  Propofitions. 

III.  '  Any  three,  or  more  of  you,  are  to  repair 
c  to  the  Parliament  at  Wejlminjler  with  all   Speed 

*  and  Diligence,  as  foon  as  you,  or  any  three  or 

*  more  of  you,  fhall  have  received  the  faid  Anfwer 

*  from  his  Majefty  ;  in  Expectation  of   the  faid 

*  Anfwer  you  are  not  to  make  Stay  above  the  Space 

*  of  fix  Days  next  after  you  fhall  receive  thefe  In- 

*  ftructions  : 

IV.  *  But  the  faid  Time  of  fix  Days  being  ex- 

*  pired,  any  three  of  you  are  forthwith,  without 

*  any  Delay,  to  repair  to  the  Parliament  of  Eng- 

*  land,  to  give  them  an  Account  of  your  Proceed- 

*  ings. 

V.  '  And  in  cafe  the  Scots  Commiflioners  be  not 

*  prefent  at  Hampton-Court,  or  at  fuch  Place  where 

*  the  King's  Refidence  fhall    be,  on  Tuefday  the 

*  faid  yth  of  this  Inftant  September,  to  join  with 

*  you  when  you  fhall  prefent  the  faid  Propofitions 
4  to  his  Majefty  ;  then  you,  or  any  three  or  more 

*  of  you,  are  to   prefent  the  faid  Propofitions  to 

*  his  Majefty  alone,  and  to  receive  his  Majefty  *s 

*  Anfwer  thereunto  according  to  the  preceding  In- 

*  ftruclions.' 

The  fecond  Particular  of  the  Meflage  fent  by 
Sir  John  Evelyn,  was  an  Order  that  the  Members  of 
both  Houfes,  who  are  of  the  Committee  of  both 
Kingdoms,  do  meet  this  Afternoon,  and  fend  to 
the  Scots  Commiffioners  to  defire  them  to  meet  and 
give  them  their  pofitive  Anfwer  concerning  their 
joining  to  prefent  the  Propofitions  to  his  Majesty 
on  Ttofday  the  yth  of  this  prefent  September,  the 
Houfes  not  intending  thereby  any  way  to  prevent 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  289 

or  delay  the  prefenting  the  faid  Proportions,  To-  Am  23  Car.i. 

morrow,  to  his  Majeity.  .  ,_l6^7' , 

The  Anfwer  returned  by  the  Lords  was,  That     September. 
their  Houfe  agreed  both  to  this  Order  and  to  the 
foregoing  Inftru&ions. 

The  Lord  Vifcount  Say  and  Sele  reported*  from 
the  Committee  of  both  Kingdoms*  two  Papers  de- 
livered to  them,  by  the  Scots  Commifiioners,  which 
were  read* 

September  6,   164?. 

£    haVe    received    the    two    Ordinances, More  Papers  and 
touching    the  abolishing  of  Archbiiliops};;^^^ 

*  and  Bilhops  within  the  Kingdom  of  England  and  mittees  of  Par- 

*  his  Majefty.     We  have  alfo  received  twelve  Or- 

*  ders  and  Ordinances  ;  if  the  Provifo  relate  to  any 

*  more,  we  defire  likewife  to  fee  them,  for  to  thofe 
'  we  have  no   Exception  ;  and   alfo  we  defire  to 
'  fee  the  Form  of  the  Pardon  agreed  on  by  both 
'Houfes,  and  exprefted  in   the  faid  Provifo,  that 

*  there  be  nothing  in  it  contrary   to   any  former 

*  Proportions. 

'  As  to  the  reft  of  your  Lordfhip's  laft  Paper  of 

*  the  4th  of  September,  we  (hall  fay  no  more  than 

*  what  is  faid  in  ours  of  the  fame  Date :  which, 

*  together  with  this,  we  defire  may  be  reported  to 

*  both  Houfes  of  Parliament ;  and  we  are  confident 

*  the  Honourable  Houfes  will  not  infift  fo  peremp- 

*  torily  on  fo  fliort  a  Day. 

*  By  a  Letter  from  the  Committee  of  Eftatcs  of 

*  the  Parliament  of  Scotland,  come  to  our  Hands 

*  this  Day,  they  het  us  know  that  they  have  re- 

*  ceived  the  Copy  of  that  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas* 
"*  Fairfax,  fent  to    us  by  the  Honourable  Houfes, 

*  and  by    us  tranfinitted  to  thein  ;    and  that  they 

*  expec~t    a   more    fetisfactory    Anfwer    from  the 

*  Houfes,    which   they    commanded    us    again   to 
VOL.   XVI.  T  *  defire. 

290  ¥be  Parlttimtntary  HIST 

.  13  Car.  I.  c  defire,  and   to  haftcn  the   fame  to  them  with  nil 
'**?•        c  Speed. 

Command  of  tie  Commijjiwen  for  Us  Parlia?  ^ 
tnent  of  Scotland, 

J  OHN     DOWN. 

Another  Paper  from  the  Scots  Commifli,oncr$.  ' 

September  6,    164". 

WE  are  commanded  by  the  Parliament  of 
Scotland  to  delete,  out  of  the  firft  Excep- 
tion, all  fqch  of  the  Scots  Nation  as  are  taken  orr 
by  the  Parliament  of  ihat  Kingdom  ;  particularly 
tha  Eari  of  Tra^ualr^  v/ho  is  not  only  reconciled % 
but  fits  as  a  Member  of  that  Parliament,  capable 
of  public  Truft  and  Employment ;  as  alfo  thet 
Earls  of  Nitbefdale  and  Forth ^  the  Lords  of  Qgifaey 
and  liham^  Irwin  younger  of  Drum,  and  Sit; 
Alexander  Lejley  of  AiuhentouL  We  are  alfo  war- 
ranted, and  are  willing  to  agree,  to  the  taking  out, 
as  many  of  the  Englijh  as  the  Houfes  of  Parlia- 
ment ihall  think  fit. 

By  Command  of  the  CommiJJiotters  for  the  Parlia 

mcr.t  of  Scotland., 


Next  was  read  a  Draught  of  a  Letter,  to  be  fent 
to  the  Lord  Chancellor  of  Scotland,  figned  by  the 
Speakers  of  both  Houfes. 

My  Lord, 

(  '  |  A  HE  two  Houfes  of  the  Parliament  of  Eng- 
«  J.  lani  have,  by  their  Notes  of  the  24th  of 
f  Augifi,  refolved  and  declared  that  this  Kingdom 

*  is  not  able  to  pay  the  Scds  A. my  in  Ireland  m* 

*  longer,  and  that   they   will  carry  on   the  War 
'  therewith  their  own  Forces  ;  and  finding  it  pro- 
4  vided  and  agreed    upon   by  ^he    I3th  Article  of 

*  that  Treaty,  that,    at  any  Time  after  the  three 
c  Months  then  agreed  upon  for  the  Entertainmerft 
4  of  the  Scots  Army  fiiall  be  expired,  and  that  .the 

*  two 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N.D/  29! 

*  (\Vo  Houfes   of  Parliament,    or  fuch  Perfons  as  An.  23  Car.'  f, 
'  fha1l  be  Authorized  by  them,  (hill   give  Notice    t    >64"'   j 

*  to  the  Council  of  Scot/and,  or  to  the  Lord -Chan-     Se  ts£^ 

*  cellor  there,  that,    after,  one  Alonth   from  fuch 
c  Notice  given,  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  will 

*  not  pay  the  Scots   Army  any  longer  in  Ireland 

*  than    during   the    faiJ    Month  :     The  faid   two 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament,  in  purfuance  of  the  D5- 

*  rcclion  and  Agreement  in   the  faid  i3th  Article 

*  exprefled,  have  commanded   us   to   give  Notice 
4  unto  your  Lordlhip  that,   after  one  Month  frortl 
t  this  Notice  given,  they  will  not  pay  the  faid  Sects 
4  Army  any  longer. 

'  And  we  do  further  fignify  unto  your  Lordfhip, 

*  That  the   faid  two  Houfes   have  alfo    declared-, 

*  that,  in  Cafe  any  thing  fhall  appear  to  be  due 
4  to  that  Army,  over   and   above  what  they   have 

*  already  received,    they  will  take  Care  that  due 
4  Satisfaction    be  given  ;    and  alfo   they  will  give 
(  Order  that  fourteen  Days  Pay  {hall  be  provided 
4  for  the  common  Soldiers  of  the  Suits  Army,  to 
4  be  paid  them  at  their  Difmiffion,  for  the  carrying 
4  of  them  home,   acccording  to  the  Agreement  of 
4  the  i  ath  Article  of  the  faid  Treaty.     This  is  that 
4  at  prefent  which  the  two  Houfes  have  command* 
4  ed  fhall  be   given  Notice  of   to  your  LordQiip 
4  by, 

My  Lord, 

Your  Lordfnip's 
Ajfettionatt  Friends  and  Servants,    • 

Notwithftanding  all  the  Remonftrances  of  the 
Scots  Commiflioners,  the  Lords  refolved  to  adhere 
to  their  former  Refolutions  offending  to  the  King 
the  next  Day ;  and  that  the  fame  be  immediately 
fignified  to  the  Scots  Commiffioners  by  the  Mem- 
bers of  both  Houfes  that  are  of  the  Committee  of 
both  Kingdoms. 

A  Draught  of  a  Letter  to  be  fent  to  the  Com- 
mittee of  Eflates  of  Scotland^  touching  the  Earl*  of 
T  2  Lau- 

2  9  2 

Parliamentary  H  i  s  T  o  n  V 

An.  23  Car.  I.  LauderdaU 's  Bufmefs,  was  read  and  agreed  to,  and 
l647-        ordered  to  be  fent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  for 
their  Concurrence. 


Sept.  7.  The  Lord  Vifcouht  Say  and  Sele  re- 
ported a  Paper  from  the  Scots  Commiflioners,  which 
was  read,  (hewing  their  Concurrence  in  fending  the 
Propofitions  to  the  King  this  Day* 

September  6,   1647. 

TO  the  Papers,  prefented  by  us  to  your 
Lordfhips,  and  from  us  to  the  Honourable 
Houfes,  we  have  received  this  Anfwer,  That 
the  Lords  and  Commons  ordain  your  Lordfliips 
to  meet  with  us,  and  to  crave  our  pofitive  An* 
fwer  concerning  our  joining  to  prefent  the  Pro- 
pofitions to  his  Majefty  To-morrow  the  ^th  of 
this  Inftant ;  the  Houfes  not  intending  thereby 
any  Way  to  prevent  or  delay  the  fending  the  a- 
forefaid  Propofitions.  There  were  alfo  read  to 
us  Inftructions,  appointing  (as  we  remember,  for 
we  got  no  Copy)  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Houfes 
to  pfefent  thefe  Propofitions  ;  and  if  the  Com- 
miflioners  of  Scotland  were  not  there  that  Day, 
to  prefent  them  by  theinfelves  :  We  have  always 
been  ready,  according  to  the  Commands  We  have 
received  from  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  to  pro- 
mote the  Caufe  wherein  both  Kingdoms  are  en- 
gaged, and  more  especially  to  concur  in  every 
thing  that  may  tend  to  the  fettling  of  a  happy 

'  We  did  indeed  hope,  according  to  all  the  for- 
mer Practices,  that  the  Houfes  would  have  been 
pieafed,  feeing  they  have  added  a  new  Provifo,  re- 
lating to  feveral  Orders  and  Ordinances  of  either 
or  both  Houfes,  to  have  {hewed  us  thofe  Pa- 
pers to  which  this  rte\v  Pfdvifo  relates ;  efpe- 
cially  having  declared,  that  we  were  not  to  med- 
dle with  the  Fines  or  Compofitions  of  the  Delin- 
quents of  this  Kingdom  but  only  that  we  might 
be  fatisfied  that  nothing  was  therein  contained 
not  agreeable  to  the  former  Proportions  i  and 

•  vvc 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  pf  293 

*  we  earneftly  defire  that  we  might  not  be  aftri&-   An.  23  Car.  I. 
'  ed   to  fo  peremptory  a  Day,   appointed  without     t  l6*7'     J 

'  our  Knowledge  or  Confent,  which  wzs  not  the     se  tember 
'  Courfe    formerly    obferved ;    that   we   were    fo 
'  far  from  refufmg  to  go,  pr  putting  the  tjoufes  to 
'  the  appojrujng  their  Commhfioners  to  prefent  the    ' 

*  Propositions  of  both  Kingdoms  without  us,  that, 

*  in  our  Paper  of  the  third  of  this  Inftant,  we  de- 

*  clared  that  it  was  not  our  Minds,  nor  can  it  be 
'  duly  collected  from  our  Papers,  that  the  Injury 
'  we  complained  of  was  reprefented  to  hinder  the 

*  fending  of  the  Proportions ;  but  rather,  as  we 

*  fignified  in  that  Paper,  we  find  ourfelves  bound 

*  to  prefent  them  ;  only  we  were  ftraitned  to  ad- 

*  here  to  that .  peremptory  Day:  But  feeing  that 
'  the  Honourable    Houfes   are   pleafed  ftill  to  ad-? 

*  here  to  that  Day,  without  anfwering  any  other 
«  Part   of  our  Papers,  as  appears  by  the  Inftruc- 

*  tions  and  Orders  now  read  to  us  ;    that  we  may 

*  witnefs  our  Readinefa   tq    ufe   all  Means    pof- 
«  fible  for  the  obtaining  a  happy  Peace,  we  {hall, 
'  God  willing,    be  at  Hampton-Court  To-morrow, 

*  if  we  be  not  again  ftopped  ;  and  {hall  concur  in 
'  prefenting  the  Proportions  to   his   Majefty,   as 

*  they   were  agreed  on  by  both  Kingdoms,  with 

*  the  Addition  of  the  Ordinance  for  the  abolUhing 
«  Archbifhops,  Bifhops,    &fc.  and  felling  of  their 
«  Lands.' 

By  Command  of  the  ConvnJJJioners  for  the  Parlia- 
ment of  Scotland, 


This  Day  the  Commons  ordered,  that  the  Eleven 
Members,  impeached  by  the  Army,  {hould  each  of 
them  appear  to  nnfwer  fuch  Things  as  fliould  be 
objected  againft  them,  at  or  before  the  i6th  of  Oc- 
tober next.  Accordingly  the  next  Day, 

Sept.  8,  John  Glynne^  Efq  ;  Recorder  of  London* 

and  Sir   John  Maynard,  appeared  in  the  Houfe  of 

Commons,    when    the    Speaker    informed    them, 

That  there  had  been   a  Report  made,  in  which 

T  3  were 

294  7fo  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  3;  Car.  i.w;re  fomc  Things    that  highly  concerned    them. 
.  _  ,  This  being  read,    Mr.  G/ynne  inftantly   gave  a  ger 

September,     neral  Anfwer  to  many  of  the  Matters  objected  a- 
gainft  him,  and  a  particular  one  to  others.     After 
which,    the    Queflion  being    put,  Whether  John 
jobn    &y»™*  Ef(l  5  Recorder  of  London,  be  difcharg'd  from 
Maynafc  and  Mr.  being  a  Member  of  this  Houfe  ?    it  parted  in  the 
Clynne,  wo  of  Affirmative,  58  againft  52,  and  he  was  discharged 
Steffi?1'*     accordingly.       Sir    John    Maynard  refufed   to  an- 
fwer   to  any  of   the  Informations   that  were  read 
againft  him,  but  prayed  that  he  might  have  Coun- 
iel  affigned  him,  and  withdrew.     On  which  it  was 
refolvedy  without   Divifion,  '  That  Sir  John  May- 
rard  be  expelled  the  Houfe  and  committed  Prifoner 
to  the  Tower.'     Refolved  alfo,  '  That  an  Impeach- 
ment of  High  Treafon  be  prepared  and  brought  in 
againft  him. 

The  fame  Day  the  Commons  fent  a  Meffage  to 
the  Lords  to  defire  them  to  fit  a  while,  for  they  had 
a  Bufmefs  of  Importance  to  communicate  to  them. 
And  foon  after  came  Sir  John  Eveyln,  with  other 
Members,  who  delivered  the  Bufmefs  *  :  The  Report 
of  it  was  poftponed  to  the  next  Day,  and  all  the 
Lords  ordered  to  attend  the  Houfe. 

But  notwithftanding  that  Order,  we  do  not  find 
that  the  Lords  went  upon  the  Report  ;  for  Sept.  9, 
the  moft  material  Thing  done  was  reading  the  fol- 
lowing Letter  from  the  Scots  Commiffioners,  and 
djawing  up  an  Anfwer  to  it;  which,  though  read 
and  agreed  to  on  a  different  Day,  we  put  together 
for  the  Sake  of  Connection. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  SPEAKER  of  the  Houfe 
of  PEERS  pro  Tempore, 

Hampttm-Courty  Sept.  8,   1647. 
Right  Honourable, 

*  \\T  E'  have  many  Times  preffed  an  Anfwer 
^fbel^Tth^  W  to  the  Letter  of  the  Committee  of  E- 
parliament  and  '  ftates  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  bearing  D<ite 
the  Scats  cam-  c  .  t]ie  21ft  Q£  dugujl  :  This  Day  another  Exprefs 

•Wbitfaki,  271.  See  alfo  in  thii  Volume,  Sept,  17.  03.  14. 

*v.  29. 

-3f   E  NG-L  A  N  D.  295 

f  js  come  to  us^   requiring  us  again  to  call  for  an  An-  *3  c*f'  * 
Anfwer  to  that  Letter.   Trny  lay  they  are  to  fend     t   l6*7'    , 
fome  more  of  their  Number  into  this  Kingdom     September. 
for  the  public  Affairs.,  but  when  they<x>nfider  what 
Entertainment  fome  already  employed  by  them 
have  lately  received,  they  are  the  more  earneft  to 
have  fufficient   Security  for  thofe  that  {hall  have 
their  Warrant  hereafter;  in  Obedience,  therefore, 
to  their  Commands,  we  do  moft  earneftly  entreat 
an  Anfwer  to  that  Letter  of  the  2ift  of  Augujly 
and  reft 

Your  Lord/kip's  bumble  Servants, 



*The  Parliament's  ANSWER  to  the  LETTER  of  the 
States  of  Scotland,  of  the  lift  a/'Auguft,  concern- 
ing the  Earl  of  Lauderdale. 

fler^  Sept.   14,    1647. 
Right  Honourable 

*  \J(7  E  have  received  your  Lordfliips  Letter  of 

*  **     tne  2Ifl.  Of  dugujl  laft,  taking  Notice  of 

*  fome  Violence  offered  to  the  Earl  of  Lauderdale 

*  by  fome  Soldiers  in  the   Army    of  Sir  Thomas 
'  Fairfax  :  and  although  your  Commiffioners  have 

*  been  informed  that  the  General  knew  nothing 
'  thereof,  and  hath  difavowed   the  fame  ;  yet   we 

*  have  put  it  into  a  Way  of  further  Examination, 

*  that  we  might  have  full  Satisfaction  of  the  Mat- 
«  ter  of  Fact;    of  the  Truth  whereof,  when  we 

*  are  informed,    we  ftiall  give  you  Notice  ;    and 

*  as  we  have  formerly,  upon  divers  Occafions,  paf- 
'  fed  by  Matter  of  OjFcnce  given  us,  that  no  Mif- 
'  underftanding   might    grow    thereupon  ;    fo  we 

*  ftiall  not  approve  or  maintain  any  unfit  or  unjufti- 

*  fiable  Deportment  'of  any  towards  your  Commif- 
e  fioners,  or  any  employed  from   that  Kingdom  ; 
^  but,  upon  Knowledge  of  the  Matter  of  Fact  and 
«  Perfons  offending-,  vi'e  fhall  do-  that  which  is  jult, 
6  to  give  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland  Satisfaction  in  it, 

T  «  And 

^he  Parliamentary  His  TORT 

I    *  And  as  to  the  Security  defi  red  under  the  HaatJs 

«  of  the   Speakers    of  both  Houfes,   and  from  Sir 

Se  tember  '  Thomas  Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War,  for 
'  fuch  as  you  {hall  employ,  or  thatfhall  have  Pafies 
'  from  you  to  have  Accefc  to  his  Majefty  and  the 
«  Parlbn  ent,  :he  Houfes  do  declare,  That  none 
'  fhall  be  debarred  from  having  Accefs  to  his  Ma-r 
'  jefty  who  have  Warrant  from  the  Parliament  of 
'  Scotland^  cr  from  the  Committee  thereunto  au- 

*  thrived,   except  fuch  as  are  difabkd  by  the  Pro- 

*  poii. ions  agreed   upon  by  both   Kingdoms:   Bat 
'  as   to  iuch  Afiurance  from   Sir  'Thomas  Fairfax 

*  and  his  Council  of  War,  it  hath  been  formerly 

*  refufed  to  the  King,    when  he  defirtd  the  like 
'  from  the  Generals  of  the  Army  of  either  Nations  ^ 
'  and    your    Commiflioners,    then    here    prefent, 

*  joined  with  the    Houfes  in  that  Anfwer  to  his 
'  Majefty. 

«  For  the  Matter  of  Trade  ;  we  do  not  find  in 

*  your  Letters  any  Mention   of  any  particular  In- 
'  terruption  of  Trade,  nor  do  we  know  of  any ; 
'  but  when  any  fuch  do  appear  unto  us  we  will  do 
'  that  which  to  Juftice  ftiall   appertain,  and  {hall 
'  be  ever  ready  to  do  all  Things  that  may  preferve 

*  a  good  Underftandingand  Correfpondence  between 
'  the  two  Kingdoms.    This  is  that  which  the  Hou- 

*  fes  have  commanded  (hould  be  reprefented  to  your 
«  Lordfhips,  and  we  reft 

Tour  Lord/hip's  humble  Servants, 


Speaker  of  tbe  Houfe  of 
Peers  pro  Tempore. 


Speaker  of  the  Commons,  • 
Houfe  of  Parliament 

Both  Houfes  adjourned  to 

Scft.   14,  When  the  Earl   of  Pembroke  reported 
to  the  Lords  that,  according  to  the  Commands  of 


cf   E  N  G  LA  N  D.  297 

feoth  Houfes,  he  had  delivered  the  Propofitions  for  An,  23  c«r.  I. 
a  fafe  and  well-grounded  Peace  to  his  Majefty,  and  t      l6+7- 
had  brought  the  King's  Anfwer  to  them  ;    and  his     September. 
Lordfhip  prefented  a  Paper,  containing  a  Difcourfe 
between  the  King  and   the   Commiffioners,  both 
which  were  read  as  follows  : 

*  A  FTER  we  had  prefented,  and  defired  the  A  Report  pf 

«  £\   King's  pofitive  Anfwer  and  Confent  to  the  what  parted  at 
«  Propofitions,  the  King  afked,  Whether  thefe  Pro-  ^^^ 

*  pofitions  were  the  fame  which  were  formerly  pre-  the  ?ropofition« 
«  lented  to   him  at  Newcafle?  The  Earl  of  Pwz- j£peaceto  «•» 

*  broke  told  him,  That  thefe  were  the  fame  Propo-    '*6* 

*  fitions,  only  that  there  was  an  Addition  for  the 
'  Sale  of  Bishops  Lands,    and    fome   Alterations 

*  touching   Delinquents.     The  King  then  afked, 

*  Whether  the"  Commiffioners  of  Scotland  did  agree 

*  to  t  hofe  Propofitions  as  they  were  now  prefented  ? 
'  The  Earl  of  Lauderdalc   anfwered,  That  thofe 
'  Propofitions  were  the  fame  that  were  formerly  a- 
'  greed  on  by  both  Kingdoms  ;  there  was  only  an 
'  Addition  for  an  Ordinance  to  be  parted  for  the  a- 

*  boliihing  of  Archbifhops  and  Bimops,  and  Sale  of 

*  their  Lands,which,  by  their  Inflru&ions,  theywere 
'  warranted  to  agree  to  ;  and  that  they  were  like- 
'  wife  commanded  to  expunge  fuch  Delinquents  of 

*  the   Scots  Nation    as   the  Parliament  of  Scotland 

*  had  taken  off;  particularly  fome  Perfons,  whofe 

*  Names  had  been  given  in  to  both  Houfes.  He  faid 
'  likewife,  He  found   a   Provifo  added  ;    but  that 
'  they  had   that  Day  received  a  Declaration  from 

*  both  Houfes,   by  which   it  was   declared,  That 

*  there  was  nothing  therein  contained  difagreeable 
'  to  the  former*  Propofitions,  faving  only  in  the  Mat- 

*  ter  of  Fines  and  Compofitions  of  Delinquents, 

*  Upon  which  his  Lordfhip  faid,  They  did  concur 
'  in    prefcnting   thofe    Propofitions.      The    King 

*  then   replied,  That  he  was    fomewhat  furprized 
'.  with  them,   not  looking  now  for  them ;    but  he 

*  would  give, an  Anfwer  to  them  as  4bon   as  he 
'  could, 

«  Upeu 

Parliamentary  H'j  s  T  o  R  Y 
c  Upon  T/jurfd.vy  about  Ten  of  the  Clock,  hfe 
Maie'ty  fent  us  Word,  that  he  would  be  ready 
togiv:e  kis  Anfwer  to  the  Proportions  about  Four 
o'CiocU,  in  the  Afternoon,  and  commanded  us 
then  to  attend  him,  which  we  did  accordingly  ; 
when  his  Majefty  told  us,  That  if  this  were  a 
Time  for  Complaint,  he  might  well  complain  that 
he  had  font  many  Meflages  to  the  Houfes,  to  which 
he  had  received  no  Anfwer  at  all :  But  it  now 
being  a  Time,  faid  he,  for  every  one  to  endea- 
vour to  do  all  the  Good  he  can  ;  therefore  he 
had,  in  as  ftiort  a  Time  as  he  could,  prepared 
his  Anlwer  to  the  Propofitions ;  which,  he  took 
God  to  Witnefs,  was  fuch  as,  in  his  Opinion, 
led  to  the  beft  Way  for  fettling  of  an  happy  and 
fpeedy  Peace  in  thefe  Nations  :  If  it  were  not  fo 
in  every  Man's  Opinion,  his  Majefty  wi(hed  we 
might  all  be  charitable  to  one  another  ;  and  fo  de- 
livered the  Anfwer  to  us ;  which,  after  we  had 
read  amongft  ourfelves,  the  Earl  of  Pembroke^ 
with  the  reft  of  the  Commiffioners,  repairing  to 
the  King,  defired  his  Majefty's  pofitive  Anfwer 
and  Confent  to  the  Propofitions  :  To  which 
the  King  replied,  That  what  he  had  delivered 
to  us  was  his  Anfwer ;  and  that  he  could  gire 
no  other,  which  he  conceived  was  a  pofitire 

Hampton-Court,  Sept.  9,  1647. 

His  Majefty's         TLf 
Anfwer  to  them.  ^  ^ 


Majefty  cannot  ckufe  but  be  paflienately  fen- 
Jible,  as  he  believes  all  bis  good  Subjefis  aret  of 
the  late  great  Diftraflions,  and  jlill  languishing  and 
unfettled  State  of  this  Kingdo?n  ;  and  he  tails  God 
to  jyitnefs^  and  is  willing  to  give  TeJIimony  to  all  the 
World)  of  his  Readinefs  to  contribute  his  utmojl  En- 
deavours for  reftoring  it  to  a  happy  and  flourijhing 

His  Majefty  having  peruftct-the  Proportions  nSW 
brought  to  him,  finds  them  tkt  fame,  in  effefly  which 


of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D. 

•  -^  red  to  bun  at  Newcaftle  :  To  fame  of  ivliJ}  An.  23  Car..  I. 
f;r  t.'i  c.-iuld  not  then  confeni,  iv:thaut  friaLiiiiin  of  bis 
C-onftisnct'  and  Honour,  ft  neither  can  he  agree  ta 
cfbe-'snow;  conceiving  tbeni,  in  many  Refpefls,  mor^ 
)••'•'  '  'a^rcf-ahU  to  the  prefent  Condition  of  Affairs  than 
•i(;ben  th^y  were  formerly  prcfented  unto  him,  as  be  • 
ing  dejlrufiive  to  the  maiy  principal  Interejls  of  the 
Army,  and  of  all  thofe  whofe  Ajfcttions  concur  ivith 
them.  •  And  bis  Alajejiy  having  feen  the  Propofals  of 


Army  to  the  Ctmmijjioners  from  bis  two 
refilling  with  them,  and  with  them  to  be  treated  ony 
in  order  to  tbe  clearing  and  f.  cur  ing  of  tbe  Rights 
'and  Liberties  of  the  Kingdom,  and  the  fettling  of  a 
jujl  and  la/ling  Peace:  To  which  Propofah^  as  be 
conceives  his  two  Houfes  not  to  be  Strangers^  fa  he 
believes  they  will  think  with  him?  that  they  much 
more  conduce  to'  the  Satisfaction  of  all  Inter  efts  ^  and 
tnay  be  a  Jitter  Foundation  for  a  lajling  Peace  ^  than 
tbe  Proportions  which  at  this  Time  are  tendered  unto 

He  therefore  propounds,  as  the  bc/l  Way  in  his 
'Judgment,  in  order  to  a  Peace,  that  his  two  Houfes 
would  injlantly  take  into  Confederation  tbofe  Propofah 
upon  which  there  may  be  a  Perfonal  Treaty  with  his 
Majejly  and  uponfuch  other  Proportions  as  his  Majefty 
foall  make  ;  hoping  that  the  faid  Proportions  may  be 
fo  moderated  in  the  faid  Treaty  as  to  render  them  the 
more  capable  of  his  McijeJJys  full  ConceJJion  ;  wherein 
he  rcfohes  to  give  full  Satisfaction  to  his  People  for 
.  whatsoever  foall  concern  the  fettling  of  the  Protrftant 
Profejffion,  with  Liberty  to  tender  Confcicnces,  and  the 
fecuring  of  the  Laws,  Liberties,  and  Properties  of  all 
his  Subjects,  and  the  juft  Privileges  of  Parliaments 
.  for  the  future  :  And  likewife  by  his  prefint  Deport- 
ment in  this  Treaty,  he  will  make  the  World  clearly 
.  judge  of  his  Intentions  in  Matters  of  future  Govern- 
ment :  In  which  Treaty  Ins  Majefty  will  be  well  plea- 
fed,  If  it  be  thought  fit,  that  Cotnmiflioners  from  the 
Army  (whofe  the  Propofals  are}  may  likewife  be  ad- 

His    Jl'fajefly    therefore   conjures  '  his    two  Houfes 
of  Parliament^  by  the  Duty  tbey  owe  to  God  and  his 


3°°  V&*  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  zj  Car.  J.  Majejly  their  King,  and  by  the  Boweh  of  Companion 

^    l64^*     .   they  have  to  their  Fellow-Subjefls,  both  for  the  Relief 

September,     rf  their  prefent  Sufferings,  and  to  prevent  future  Mife- 

riesy  that  they  will  forthwith  accept  of  this  his  Majejly  s 

Offer,  whereby  the  joyful  News  of  Peace  may  be  re- 

fared  to  this  dijlrejjed  Kingdom. 

And  for  what  concerns  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland, 
mentioned  in  the  I^ropoJitionSy  his  Majejly  will  very 
willingly  treat  upon  thefe  Particulars  with  the  Scots 
CommiJJioners,  and  doubts  not  but  to  give  reasonable 
Satisfaction  to  that  his  Kingdom. 

Sept.  17.  We  yet  meet  with  no  Notice  taken  of 
Sir  John  Evelyn's  MefTage,  delivered  to  the  Lords  on 
thr  8th  Inftant,  except  that,  on  this  Day,  another 
Meflage  from  the  Commons  is  entered,  defiring  the 
Lords  to  appoint  a  Time  when  the  Houfe  of  Com- 
mons might  bring  their  Proofs  and  Evidences  againft 
feven  Lords,  Members  of  that  Houfe,  impeached 
by  them  of  High  Treafon ;  but  nothing  more  is 
added  at  this  Time. 

Sept.  21.  A  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  was 
read,  addrefled  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  ef 

My  Lord,  Putney,  Sept*  20,  1647. 

SirThomasFair- '  I  Have  inclofed  fome  printed  Pamphlets,  which 

fax's  Letter,  de- c  1   are  not  only  very  fcandalous  and  abufive  to 

firing  a  Reftraint  <  this  Army  in  particular,  but  indeed  to  the  whole 

'rcis'       «  Kingdom  in  general :   My   Dcfire  is  that  thefei 

4  and  all  of  the  like  Nature,  may  be  fupprefled  for 

'  the  future  ;  and  yet  (that  the  Kingdom's  Expec- 

'  tation  may  be  fatisfied  in  relation  to  Intelligence, 

*  till    a   firm    Peace  be    fettled,    confidering    the 

*  Mifchiefs   that    will    happen    by    the  poifonous 
/*  Writings  of  evil  Men  fent  abroad  daily,  to  abufc 

*  and  deceive  the  People)  that,   if  the  Houfe  fhall 

*  fee  it  fit,  fomc  two  or  three  Sheets  may  be  pcr- 

*  mitted   to    come   forth  weekly,  which    may   be 
'  liccnfcd,    and    have    fome   Stamp  of    Authority 

*  with  them  :  And  in  rcfpt;£l  the  former  Licenfer, 


^ENGLAND.  301 

*  Mr.  Mabbot,   hath   approved  himfelf  faithful  m*0'  *3  Car.  I, 
'  that  Service  of  Licenfmg,  and  likewife  in  the  Ser-  c    '  f 

*  vice  of  the  Hpufes  and  of  this  Army,  I  humbly     Scftemfcer. 
4  defire  that  he  may  be  reftored  and  continued  in 

*  the  fame  Place  of  Licenfer.' 

Tour  Lord/kip's  humble  Servant^ 


Purfuant  to  this  Letter  an  Ordinance  was  or- 
jered  to  be  drawn  up  for  reflraining  the  Liberty 
of  the  Prefs,  which  we  (hall  meet  with  in  the 

Sept.  22.  The  Parliament  had  another  great 
Alarm  given  them  on  the  Side  of  Ireland ;  they  had 
Intelligence  fent  them  that  the  Lord  Incbiquin,  their 
General,  and  Col.  Jones,  who  had  gained  the  laft 
Victory  over  the  Rebels,  had  a  Defign  to  join  with 
the  Scots  Army  there ;  and,  altogether  to  declare 
For  the  King,  Parliament,  and  Covenant,  and  refift 
the  Englijb  Army.  The  whole  of  this  Affair  was 
communicated  to  the  Lords,  this  Day,  in  the  fol- 
lowing intercepted  Letters,  which  we  give  from 
'their  Journals.  And  firft, 

A  LETTER  from  Major-General  Stirling  /«  the 
Lord  Warrifton,  at  Edinburgh. 

My  tord.  Corky  Auguft  31,  164.7.. 

*  O  Ince  I  faw  you  laft,  I  might  fay  much  for  the 
»  «3  (hort  Time    .vhich  I  have  been  very  much 

*  troubled  j    but   yet,   whatfoever   Time  I   could  Paper 

'  fpend    in  the   public  Service,    according  to  the to  bebni 
11  Covenant,  !  fhould  not  'think  that  Time  trou- 

*  blefome  to  me.     If  I  fhould  write  every  Paflage 

*  of  the  faid  Time,  I  muft  be  mighty  troublefome 
'*  to  you  ;  I  therefore,  as  the  main  Thing,  muft  of 
"*  Necefliry  let  you  know  what  has  been  a&ed  a- 

*  tuong  us,  for  the  Public,  here  in  this  Army  :  All 
1  Of  us  now  are  in  one  entire  Mind,  and  willing 

*  to 

30?,  ?' LSI' <: filamentary  HISTORY 

r.  I.   '  tv  Ctrwe  > he  Public  according  to  the  National  Co- 

J(tr7-          '  vet) 'i^t  ;  vhi^li.ali  of  us   have    entirely  tied  our- 

Septtmbcr       '  felvss  to,  by,  a  new  Oath,  that  we  {hall,  with  tht 

:ur  Lives   and  Fortunes,  maintain 

*  the   Covenant  of  the  two  Nations  $   as  we  have 
'  fet  forth  in  a  Declaration  and  Protection  to  the 
'  Parliament  of  England^  the  Copy  whereof  I  have 
'  fent,  with  a  Letter  to  the  General,  to  be  made 
'  known  to  the  States  of  Scotland^  defiring  to  hear 

*  from  his  Excellency  his  Advice,  which  we  (halt 

*  not  fail   to  obferve  according  to  our  beft  Endea- 
'  vours.     I  am  denied  by  our  General  and  Coun- 

*  cil  of  War  hereto  fi<rnify  fo  much  unto  the  States 
'  of  Scotland^   being  afTured  of  their  beft  Advice  ; 
'  and  therefore,  my  Lord,  to  you,  as- one  of  .ttem, 

*  who  is    one  of  thofe  I  hope,    who  is  a  faithful 

*  Man  to  the  Public,  and  one  who  is  well  acquaint- 
'  ed  with  both  Kingdoms. 

'  Upon  the  fame  Confidence  and  Knowledge  of 
'  you,  I  was  commanded  to  let  you  know  of  *  *  *, 
'  and  todefire  you  to  confer  with  the  General  here- 

*  in,  who  has  the  public  Letter  from  us  altogether, 

*  figned  only  by  me,  I  being  beft  known   to  Scot- 

*  land\    to  that  End  I  have  fent  this  Bearer,    my 
«  Servant,   fo  bring  me  the  General's   Advice  and 
'  Anfwer  upon  it,  with  yours ;  which  I  humbly 

*  defire  may  be  difpatched  with  all  the  Hafte  that 

*  may  be. 

«  I  have'writ  to  this  EfFecT:  to  ***  at  Dublin,  and. 
c  to  MonrOy  who,  I  humbly  defire,  may  know  your 
'  Mind  herein,  that  I  may  hear  from  him,     I  fhall 
. .  '  not  doubt  of  your  Anfwer  fuddenly,  that  I  may 

'  communicate   it  to  thofe  who  have  intruded  me 
'  with  fo  great  a  Meflage;  and  fhall  be  very  faith- 

*  ful  in  communicating  the  fame  according  to  your 

*  Directions. 

'  My  Lord,  I  pray  prefent  my  humbleft  Service 

*  to  the  Marquis  of  Argyle^  to  the  Chancellor  the 
4  Earl  of  Loudont  and  to  my  worthy   Friend  the 

*  Lord  Humby. 

*  My  Lord,  I  have  much  more  to  fay,  but  the 

«  reft  I  leave  to  the  Bearer',  who  will  inform  your 

5  <  Lord- 

cf   ENGLAND.  303; 

'-Lordmip    as   near  as  he  can.     I  could   have  no  An-  23  c». 

*  truftier    Meflenger.    .With  my  Refpecls  to  you,  t       V'7'    , 

*  I  humbly  take  Leave,  and  reft  September 

Your  Lorclfcip's  humlle  Servant , 


Another  Letter  from  Major-General  Stirling,  ad- 
d  re  fled  to  Major-General  Monro. 

Honoured  Sir,  Cork, .  Augvji,  30,  1647. 

«  TP  HIS  Bearer,. 'my  Ssrvan-t*  I  have  fent  to 

*  JL      Scotland  with  'a  Letter  to  the  General,    to 

*  fignify  unto  him  that  all  the  Officers  in-this  Army 
'  have,  declared  them^lves  for  the  King  and  Parlia- 

*  liament,  according  to  the  National  Covenant,  in  a 

*  Remonftrance  to  the  Parliament  of  England,' Aht 
1  Copy  whereof  you  have  here  inclofed  ;  which,  we 

*  all  of  us  in  this  Army  have  figned,  and  are  refoh'- 
'  maintain  with  the  Hazard  of.  our  Lives  and 

*  Fortunes,  againft  all  Sectaries   or  any  new  mo- 
'  delled  Parliament  of  fuch.     The  Ground  of  our 

*  Declaration  is   upon  good   Intelligence   that' Sir 

*  Thomas  Fairfax,  a  Fox  indeed,  is  march'd  to  Lon- 
'  don;  and  there  with  his  Sectary  Army,  had  pofleff- 
'  ed  himfelf  and  them  in  the  Town  and  Forts  tkere- 

*  of;  and  therefore  I  am  deflred  to  let  you  know  fo 

*  much  by  our  Council  of  War  defmng  you  would 

*  be  pleafed  to  let  me  know  by  your  Letter,  fo  near 

*  as  you  may,    how  you  mind  to  fteer  your  Courfe 
'  fince  we  are  fo  refolved  to  be  your  faithful  Friends, 

*  which  I  mail  faithfully  communicate,  unto   them 
'  according  to  Direction. 

I  humbly  intreat  your  Honour  would  be  pleafed 

*  to  difpatch  this  Bearer  away  for  Scotland,  for  the 
'  Ship  is  to  ftay  till  he  return  to  you  again.     This 
'  alfo  I  have  made  known  unto  Sir  Patrick  *  *  *^ 

*  td  fignify  fo  much  to  Col.  Jones  and  his  Army,  if 
<  he  finds  them  to  be  that  Way  inclined. 

'  Sir,  I  fhould  defire,  when  any  Occafion  offers, 

*  tor  hear  from  you,  that  we  may  be  the  more  fer-r      , 

*  viceable  to  the  good  Caufe  we  have  in  Hand. 

*  Sir, 

304  *Tbe  Pdrllahientary  HISTORY 

AD.  n£"'  !•        e  Sir,  I  muft  not  forget  to  tell  you,  that  we  have 

^   ._'*.7'  _,   '  bfeen  moft  Part  in  the  Field  this  Summer,  and  have 

September.      '  done  very  good  Service,  and  much  ;  the  Particu- 

'  lars  I  leave  to  the  Bearers  Relation,  and  with  any 

*  other  Particulars  you  may  truft  him,  as  I  am  in- 

*  formed,  he  is  a  *  *  *  -of  your  own,  and  is  a  very 

*  honeft  Man  :  That  is  only  by  the  way. 

'  Sir,  be  allured  that  if  there  be  any  Service  here, 

*  wherein  I  may  be  ferviceable,  cither  to  Scotland  of 

*  yourfelf,  there  {hall  none  be  more  ready  and  wil- 

*  ling  than  he  who  is 


Moji  affeflionate  and  humble  Servant, 


The  Remonftrance  of  the  Officers  in  the  Irijh 
Army,  mentioned  in  the  foregoing  Letter. 

An  HUMBLE  REMONSTRANCE  to  the  High  and  Hon- 
ourable Court  of  Parliament  from  the  Officers  and 
Soldiers  of  the  Army  in  Munfter, 


*  "TP  HAT  we  having  received  late  Advertife- 
'    JL     ment  out  of  England  of  great  Diftracliona 

*  and  Diftempers  ;    and  fundry  of  us  having  the 

*  former  Experience  that,    during  the  Lord  Lieu- 

*  tenant's  Abode  here,  divers  Perfons   in  Places  of 

*  Truft  and  Confidence  were,  under  Pretence  of 

*  new  moddelling  the  Army,  turned  difgracefully 
'  out  of  their  Places  and  Employments  ;  fome  ruin- 

*  ed  in   their  Fortunes,  and  others  profecuted   for 
'  their  Lives,  notwithftanding  the  apparent  Service 
'  performed  by  them,  in  Prefervation  of  the  State's 

*  Intereft  here,  with  the  Hazard  of  their  Lives  and 

*  Lofs  of  their  Eftates^  which  they  facrificed  to  that 
'  End  ;  and  that  for  no  other  Reafon  than  becaufe 

*  they  fought  to   maintain  the  Intereft  of  the  Au- 
'  thority  of  the  Parliament  of  England,  according 

*  to  their  Ordinances  and  the  National  Covenant? 

4  '  We 

of    ENGLAND.  305 

«  We,   therefore,  being  fadly  apprehenfive  how  An.  23  Car.  T. 

*  much  the  Intereft  of  the  Parliament  may  be  pre-        l647- 

*  judiced,  both  in  that  and  this  Kingdom,  by  fuch 
'  as  endeavour  the    Innovation  of    Government; 
'  and  alfo  fenfible  of  what  is  requifite  to  be  acted 
4  by  us,  in  order  to  our  own  Prefervation,  do  hold  it 
4  our  Duty  to  preferve  the  Authority  of  the  Parlia- 

*  ment,   according   as  it  is  now  eftablifhed  here, 
4  until  we  receive  AfTurance  that  our  Submiffion  to 
4  any  other  Power  (hall  be  confonant  to  their  Plea- 
4  fure,  whereunto  we  fhall  always  readily  fubfcrjbe; 
4  but,   for  the  Reafons  before  exprefTed,  we  defire 
4  that,  before  any  other  Power  or  Government  be 
4  eftabliftied  over  us,  they  will  be  pleafed  to  fecure 

*  us  againft  the  Scorn  and  Practice  of  our  Adver- 

*  faries  ;.  by  whofe  Means  many  of  us  will  other- 

*  wife  undoubtedly-  be  expofed  to  Contumely  and 
'  unworthy  Ufage  j  and  not  only  the  Memory  of 

*  our  beft  Services  defaced,    but  alfo  deprived   of 
4  future  Hope  of  Employment  or  Suftenance  :  And 
4  therefore  we  humbly  defire  that  it  may  receive 
4  no  fmifter  Interpretation,   if  we  expect  and  de- 
4  fire,  in   purfuance   of  the  like  Courfe  held   with 
4  the  Army  in  England,  that  the  High  and  Honour- 
4  able  Court  of  Parliament  would  be  pleafed,  before 
4  they  make  any  fuch  Alteration  in  the  Government 
4  here,  firft  to  caufe  Payment  of,  or  Aflurance  and 
4  Security  to  be  paft  for,  all  the  Arrears  due  unto 
4  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  this  Army,  for  their 
4  prefent  and  paft  Services,  either  in  England,  or 
4  this  Kingdom ;  together  with  fuch  other  Aflur- 
4  ance  and  Security  for  our  Indemnity,  the  Prefer- 
4  vation  of  the  Common  Intereft  in  Ireland,  as  well 
4  to  ourfelves,  as  to  the  reft  of  the  opprefled  and 
4  diftrefled    Inhabitants   of  this  Province  ;•  and  for 
4  the  fecuring  unto  our  Clergy  the  Excrcife  of  their 
'  Function,  and  the  Enjoyment  of  their  Livings, 
4  according  to  the  Ordinance  of  Parliament ;  with 
4  a  Conceffion  of  fuch   other  reafonable  and  mo- 

*  derate  Requefts  and  Propofals,  as  may  be  con- 
4  fiftcnt  with  Juftice,    upon  an  indifferent  Debate 

*  of  our  Defires  ;  without  which  we  may  in  nfcwife 

VOL.  XVI.  U  4  aecoun- 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

account  ourfelves  fecured  againft  the  Practices  of 
our  Adverfaries,  of  whofe  Oppreflion,  Fury,  and 
<  Rigor  fome  of  us  have  had  feveral  Examples. 
*  And  becaufe  we  may  not  leave  any  juft  Grounds 

*  for  our  Adverfaries  toafperfe  us,  (which  they  will 
'  earneftly  endeavour,  as  we  have  Reafon   to  be- 
6  lieve  by  the  Sight  of  feveral   printed   Pamphlets 

*  fomented  by  them)  with  a  Sufpicion  that  we  in- 

*  tend  any  other  Thing  than  a  dutiful  Obedience 

*  to  the  lawful  Authority  of  Parliament,  and  a  care- 

*  ful  and  Chriftian  Regard  to  our  own  juft  Prefer- 
'  vation,  we  do  hereby  manifeft  and  declare,  That 
«  we  fhall  not,  in  the  leaft  Meafure,  delay  or  re- 

*  tard  the   vigorous  Profecution  of  the  War  here 
'  againft  the  bloody  Rebels  to  the  beft  and  utter- 

*  moft  of  our  Power  and   Ability  ;  but  will   con- 

*  ftantly  employ    all  our    Endeavours  to  advance 
'  the  fame,  unlefs  extreme  and  irrefiftible  Neceflity 

*  reftrain  us  ;    which  we  hope  it  will  be  the  Piety 

*  and  Care  of  the  Honourable  Houfes  IQ  prevent 

*  by  feafonable  Supplies1:  Wherefore,  if  thefe  fhall 
c  be   afforded   unto  us,  we  do  faithfully  promife, 

*  by  God's  Bleffing,  to  give  a  good  Account  j  and 
«  doubt  not  but  to   yield  fuch  clear   Account  of 
4  our  Integrity  and  candid  Intentions,  as  will  fully 

*  refute  the  Scandal  and  Calumnies  of  our  unjuft 
c  Adverfaries ;  which  being  prefented  to  the  High 
'  and  Honourable  Court  of  Parliament,  we  hutn- 
'  bly  defire  may  be  taken  into  their  ferious  Confi- 

*  deration.' 

Whereupon  the  After  reading  all  thefe  Papers  in  the  Houfe  of 
Parliament  order  Lords,  the  following  Votes  concerning  the  Army 
of^^pTtTbe*  and  Garrifons»  fent  "P  bv  the  Commons,  were  read 
fent  over  to  that  and  agreed  to,  viz. 

Kingdom.  «  Refihed,  by  the  Lords  and  Commons  aflembled 

in  Parliament,  I.  That,  for  the  prefent  Relief  of 
Ireland,  there  be  five  Regiments  of  Foot,  of  1 200 
Men  a-piece,  drawn  together. 

2.  '  That  four  Regiments  of  Horfe,  of  600  Men 

*  a-piece,  be  drawn  together. 

3.  *  That 

^ENGLAND.  307 

3.  That  there,  be  drawn  together  five  Companies  An.  13  Car.  !• 
of  Dragoons,  of  100  Men  a-piece,  four  of  them  to        l647'  ^ 
be  join'd   to  the  four  Regiments   of  Horfe  by  the     Se  ^^ 
Commanders  of  thofe  four  Regiments ;   and    the 

other  Company  of  Dragoons  to  be  join'd  to  Col. 
Jones's  Regiment,  and  commanded  by  him. 

4.  That  the  Commiffioners  of  the  Army  do  confer 
and  debate  with  the  General,  or  fuch  as  he  (hall 
appoint,  how  all  the  Forces,  defigned  by  thefe  Votes 
for  Ireland^  may  be  fitted  and  put  in  a  Readinefs  to 
be  fpeedily  tranfported  into  Ireland. 

5.  '  That  the  Field  Officers  and  Captains,  that 
fhall  command  thefe  Forces  in  Ireland  in  a  Regi- 
mental Way,  (hall  be  prefented  to  the  Houfes  for 
their  Approbation ;  and  that  it  be  referred  to  the 
Commiffioners  of  the  Army  to  confer  with  the 
General,  or  fuch  as  he  {hall  appoint,  for  that  Pur- 

6.  «  That  for  the  prefent  Security  of  this  King- 
dom, until  Affairs  be  better  fettled,  and  in  order  to 
the  future  Relief  of  Ireland,  7200  Horfe  be  kept 
up  in  England. 

7.  *  That,    for  the   Purpofes  aforefaid,    1000 
Dragoons  be  kept  up  in  England. 

8.  «  That,  for  the  fame  Purpofe,  there  be  kept 
up,  within  this  Kingdom,  18,000  Foot. 

9.  '  That,  for  the  Purpofes  aforefaid,  200  Fire- 
locks be  kept  up  within  this  Kingdom. 

10.  '•  That  the  whole  Matter  concerning  the 
Settlement  of  the  Garrifons  of  the  Kingdom  be  re- 
ferred to  the  Confideration  of  the  General,  and  the 
Commiffioners  appointed  to  refide  with  the  Army, 
who  fhall  confer  and  debate  with  him,  or  whom  he 
fhall  appoint,  upon  the  fame  j  and  that  fuch  Gen- 
tlemen of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  that  defire  to 
reprefent  any  Thing  concerning  the  Garrifons  in 
their  feveral  Counties,  may  have  Notice  to  be  there 
prefent,  if  they  (hall  think  fit. 

II.'  For  all  thefe  Forces  defigned  for  Ireland  it  is 
agreed  there  to  be  one  Month's  Pay  paid  them,  by 
way  of  Advance,  at  the  Water  Side  ;  and,  for  their 
Arrears,  the  Proportions  following,  viz. 

U  2  «  For 

308  f&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An,  *3  Car.  I.       *  For  fuch  of  the  2000   aforefaid,   as  left  the 
l647«        Army,   two  Months  Arrears;    and  for  the  reft  of 
*        •  that  Number,  that  were  not  of  the  Army,  but  have 

fmce  joined  to  them,  one  Month's  Arrears. 

4  For  Col.  Birch's  Foot,  one  Month's  Arrears  to 
what  they  have  had  already. 

'  For  the  3000  out  of  Wales,  Devonjhire,  Ckejhire, 
Yorkjhire,  and  Lancashire,  two  months  Arrears. 

'  And  for  the  Horfe  and  Dragoons,  two  Months 

*  For  flating  the  Accounts,  and  fettling  the  Cer- 
tainty of  all  thefe  Forces,  it  is  agreed, 

'  For  thofe  of  the  Army  to  go  for  Ireland,  and 
fuch  of  the  Train  as  are  to  be  reduced,  that  the 
Committee  of  the  Army  and  Treafurers  at  War  do 
ftate  their  Accounts,  deducting  for  free  Quarter  of 
private  Soldiers  and  Troopers,  for  which  one  Half 
is  offered  to  be  abated. 

«  For  the  reft,  that  Letters  be  written  to  the  fe- 
veral  Committees  of  the  Counties  under  which  they 
ferved,  upon  a  Lift  figned  by  the  Colonel  under 
whom  they  (hall  now  go  for  Ireland,  to  require  the 
feveral  Committees,  with  all  Diligence,  to  ftate  the 
Accounts  of  the  Perfons  mentioned  in  fuch  Lifts, 
according  to  the  late  Inftruclions  of  both  Houfes, 
and  give  Debentures. 

*  For  the  reft  of  the  Forces  that  remain  in  the 
Kingdom  after  thefe  two  Bodies  for  England  and 
Ireland  be  compleated,  that  they  be  forthwith  dif- 
banded  by  the  repfeclive  Committees  of  the  Coun- 
ties, upon  Advice  with  the  General ;  and  that  they 
do  pay  them  two  Months  Arrears,  and  they  to  be 
repaid  by  the  Parliament,  if  the  (aid  Counties  be 
not  already  enabled  by  the  Parliament  thereunto.' 

Sept.  27.  A  MefTage  was  brought  up  from  the 
LordMa^oTo?  Houfe  of  Commons  by  Sir  Peter  Wentwortb  and 
London,  im-      others,   that  he  was  commanded  by  the  Knights, 
peached  of  High  Citizens,  and  Burgefles  of  that  Houfe,  to  impeach 
Sir    John  Gayer,    Knt.   now  Lord   Mayor  of  the 
City  of  London,  of  High   Treafdn ;    and  he    did, 
in  their  Names,  and  of  all  the  Commons  ot  Eng- 

^ENGLAND.  309 

impeach  Sir  "John  Gayer,  Knt.  of  the  fame  :  An.  23  Car.  I. 
That  the  Houfe  had  already  fecured  him  in  the  Tower  v     l6*?» 
of  London ;  and  they  defired  their  Lordfhips  would     September, 
appoint  a  fpeedy  Day,  and  they  would  be  ready  to 
bring   up    their   Articles,  Proofs,    and   Evidences 
againft  him. 

An  Order  from  both  Houfes  was  fent  to  the  City, 
to  ele&  another  Lord  Mayor  in  the  Room  df  Sir 
John  Gayre.  Accordingly  Alderman  John  Warner 
was  ele&ed  into  that  Office. 

Sept.  30.  This  Day  both  Houfes  pafled  an  Or- 
dinance againft  unlicenfed  and  fcandalous  Pam- 
phlets, and  for  better  regulating  of  Printing;  which, 
fmce  it  is  not  in  Mr.  Rujbwortb's  Collections,  and 
is  one  of  the  fevereft  Reftraints  upon  the  Prefs  we 
have  yet  met  with,  we  give  the  following  Abftraft 
of  it : 

*  TP  HE  Lords  and  Commons  in  Parliament  af-  An  Ordinance 
<     1     fembled,  taking  Notice  of  the  many  fed i-  £^££3 

*  tious,  falfe  and  fcandalous  Pamphlets  daily  print-  the  Prefs. 

*  ed  and  publifhed  in  and  about  London  and  Weft- 

*  minfler,    and   thence  difperfed  into  all  Parts  of 
(  this  Realm,  and  other  Parts  beyond  the  Seas  ;  to 
4  the  great  Abufe  and  Prejudice  of  the  People,  and 
'  unfufferable  Reproach  of  the  Proceedings  of  the 
4  Parliament  and  their  Army  :    For  the  better  Sup- 

*  preflion  thereof,  and  Prevention  of  the  like  In- 
4  conveniences  for  the  Time  to  come,  do  order  and 
'  ordain, 

I.  *  That  what  Perfon  foever  fhall  make,  write, 

*  print,  publifh,  fell,  or  utter,  any  Book,  Pamphlet, 

*  Treacife,  Ballad,  Libel,  or  Sheet  of  news,  what- 

*  foever,   or  caufe  fo  to  be  done,  except  the  fame 

*  be  licenfed  by  both  or  either  Houfe  of  Parliament, 

*  or  by  fuch  Perfons  as  {hall  be  thereunto  authori-     ^ 
'  zed  by  one  or  both  Houfes  of  Parliament,  with 

*  the  Name  of  the  Author,   Printer  and  Licenfer 
'  thereunto    prefixed,    (hall,   for  every  fuch    Of- 

*  fence,  fuffer,  pay,   and    incur    the  Punimment, 
•'  Fine,  and  Penalty  hereafter  mentioned,  wz.  The 

U  3  •  Maker, 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Maker,  Writer,  or  Compofer,  of  any  fuch  unli- 
cenfed  Book,  £ffr.  (hall  forfeit  and  pay  4.0  s.  or  be 
September.      t  imprifoned  in  the  Common  Goal  for  the  County 
t  or  Liberty  where  the  Offence  is  committed,  or  the 
Offender  {hall  be  found,    until  he  (hall  pay  the 
Sum,   fo  that  the   faid   Imprifonment  exceed  not 
'  forty  Days.     The  Printer  to  pay  20  s.  and  fuffer 
'  the  like  Imprifonment  till  he  pay  the  fame,  the  faid 
'  Imprifonment  not  to  exceed  twenty   Days  ;  and 

*  Jikewife  to  have  his  Prefs  and  Implements  of  Im  - 

*  printing  feized  and  broken  in  Pieces.    The  Book- 

*  feller  or  Stationer  to  forfeit  and  pay  10  jr.  or  to  be 
'  imprifoned  in   like  Manner  till  he  pay  the  fame, 

*  the  Imprifonment  not  exceeding  teu  Days  :  And 

*  the  Hawker,  Pedlar,  or  Ballad-Singer  to  forfeit 
4  and  lofe  all  his  Books,  Pamphlets,   or  printed  Pa- 

*  pcrs  expofed  to  Sale  ;  and  alfo  to  be  whipped  as  a 

*  common  Rogue   in  the  Liberty  or  Parifh  where 

*  the  faid  Offender  (hall  be  apprehended,  or  the 

*  Offeree  committed. 

II.  '  The  feveral  and  refpe&ive  Commiffioners 
'  for  the  Militia,  in  London^  Middlefex^  and  Sur- 
'  rey,  and  all  Mayors  and  other  Head-Officers  of 

*  Corporations,  and   all  Juftices  of  the  Peace  of 

*  the   feveral  Counties,    Cities,    and  Liberties  in 
'  England  and  Wales  and  every  of  them,  in   their 
e  refpe&ive  Liberties  and   Jurifdidlions,  are  hereby 
'  authorized  and  required  to  put  this  Ordinance  in 
'  Execution  ;    and   all  Conftables,  Headboroughs, 

*  and  other  Officers,   are  hereby   authorized  and 
c  required  to  put  this   Ordinance  in  Execution ; 
£  and,  together  with  fuch  Affiftance   as  they  (hall 
4  call  unto  them,   to  enter  into  any  Shop  or  Houfe 
'  where    they    fhall    be    informed,    or  have   good 
'  Caufe  to  fufpeft,  any  fuch  unlicenfed  Pamphlets 
1  or  Papers   are  printed  or   fold,  and  to  feize    the 
c  fame,  and  likewife  all  Preffes  and  Implements  of 

*  Printing,  and  to  bring  them,  together  with  the  Of- 
e  fenders,  before  the  fcid  Commiffioners,  Mayors, 
'  &c.  or    any  one  of  them  ;    fo  that  the    Fines, 

*  Pain-;,   and    Penalties    before-mentioned  may  be 


*  inflicted  upon  the  Offenders,  according  to  the  In-  An 

4  tent  and  Meaning  of  this  Ordinance. 

III.  '  The  View  of  any  one  Juftice  of  the  Peace, 
e  Head-Officer  or  Commiffioner  aforefaid,  or  the 
'  Oath  of  one  credible  Witnefs,  (which  Oath,  in 
'  fuch  Cafe,  they  are  hereby  authorized  to  admini- 
'  fter,  fhall  be  a  fufficient  Convi&ion  of  anyOffender 
'  in  the  Cafes  before  recited  ;  and  the  fame  Juftices 

5  of  the  Peac,  Mayors,  fcf/r.  have  hereby  Authority 
'  to  difpofe  of  one  Moiety  of  the  Fines  paid  by 
«  Virtue  of  this  Ordinance,  to  the  Collectors  of  the 
e  Poor  for  the  Liberty  or  Parifli  where  the  Offence 
'  is  committed,  and  the  other  Moiety  to  the  Perfon 
'  who  fhall  difcover  and  profecute  the  faid  Offen- 
'  <ers. 

IV.  e  All  Perfons  adYing  any  thing  by  virtue  of 
'  this  Ordinance  (hall  be  indemnified  by  Authority 

*  of  both  Houfes  of  Parliament. 

*  Provided  always,  That  the  Penalties  in  this  Or- 

*  dinance  exprefled,  (hall  not  extend  to  acquit  any 
4  Perfon  that  {hall  make,  write,  print,  publifli,  or 

*  fell,  or  caufe  to  be  fo  done,  any  Books,  &c.  that 

*  {hall  contain  any  feditious,  treafonable,  or  blafphe- 

*  mous  Matter }  but  the  Offenders  in  that  Kind 
'  (hall  be  liable  to  fuch  further  Penalties  as,  by  the 
'  Laws  of  this  Land,  are  provided,  or  by  Authority 

*  of  Parliament  {hall  be  adjudged,  according  to  the 
<  Penalty  of  fuch  Offences.' 

In  purfuance  of  this  Ordinance  Mr.  Gilbert 
Mabbot  was  appointed  Licenfer  of  the  Prefs,  upon, 
the  Recommendation  of  Sir  'Thomas  Fairfax^  in  his 
Letter  of  the  2oth  of  this  Month. 

The  Commons  fent  up  a  Vote  they  had  made,  Thc  Parliament 
That  the  Parliament  ftiould,  once  again,  make  Ap-  refbive  to  make 
plication  to  the  King  for  thofe  Things  which  theanotherAPPlic»- 
Houfes  judge  neceflary  for  the  Welfare  and  Safety  tioatothcKin^ 
of  the  Kingdom.     Agreed  to  by  the  Lords. 

But  this  Vote  was  firft  ftrongly  debated  in  the 

Houfe  of  Commons  ;  though,  upon  the  Queftion  it 

was  carried  by  a  large  Majority  of  70  againft  2.3.    - 

U  4  QRober 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Oftoler  i.  Purfuant  to  this  Vote,  an  Order  was 
made  to  acquaint  the  Scats  Commiflioners  with  it  ; 

'  and  that,  in  order  to  perfect  it,  both  Houfes  had 
taken  into  Confideration  what  Things  to  propound 
and  infift  upon  for  the  Intereft  of  the  Kingdom  of 
England,  which  they  hoped  to  have  finifhed  in 

.  twenty  Days  ;  and  that  then  the  Houfe  would  im- 
part the  Particulars  of  them  to  thofe  Commiflion- 
ers. In  like  Manner  the  Parliament  would  join 
with  the  Scots  in  infifting  on  the  fame  Things  for 
the  good  of  their  Kingdom,  which  were  in  the 
laft  Proportions,  unlefs  the  Eftates  there  had 
agreed,  or  fhall  agree,  to  any  Alterations.  And 
if  any  fuch  be  made,  the  Houfes  defured  to  hear  of 
them  within  the  Time  limited,  that  no  more 
Time  may  be  loft  in  fending  of  them  all  together  to 
the  King. 

Both  Houfes  were  now  bufy  for  fome  Days,  in 
preparing  their  new  Propofitions  for  the  King,  and 
feveral  Articles  of  them  were  debated  and  agreed 
to;  the  Confequences  whereof  will  be  fhewn  in 
the  Sequel. 

And  pafs  an  Or-  The  Parliament  alfo,  at  this  Time,  pafled  an  Or- 
rvn""  agamft  dinance  for  difabling  Delinquents  from  bearing  any 
Office,  or  having  any  Voice  or  Vote  in  the  Election 
of  any  Mayor,  Recorder,  Sheriff's,  Aldermen,  &t. 
in  any  City,  Borough,  or  Town  Corporate,  Uni- 
verfities,  or  other  Place  in  the  Kingdom  of  England 
or  Dominion  of  Wales. 

Off.  7.  A  Letter  from  the  Committee  of  the 
Eftates  of  Scotland  was  read,  and  ordered  to  be  fent 
down  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  in  hesc  Ferba  : 

•  for  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  and  COMMONS 
in  the  Parliament^  of  England,  ajfimbled  at  Weft- 
mi  nfter. 
The  Scot,  Com-  Edinburgh,  Sept.  27,  1647. 

mifiioners  agree          Right 


Ireland.  '    JL    taining  your  Refolutions  for  Difcharge  of 

«  the 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  313 

*  the  Scots  Army  in  Ireland,   upon  the  I2th  and   An.  a  3  Car.  I. 
;  '  1 3th  Articles  of  the  Treaty  made  in    that  Be-     t  *6*?'     t 

4  half,    being   prefented    to    his    Majefty's  Privy-      oftober. 
'  Council  of  this  Kingdom,  and  by  them  commu- 
'  nicated  to  us,  to  whom  the  Care  and  Difpofal  of 
4  that  Army  is  intrufted  by  the  Parliament  of  this 

*  Kingdom,  according  to  our  Commiffion  of  the 

*  igth   Day  of  March  laft;  and  we  having  taken 
4  the  fame  into  Confideration,  are  moft  willing  that 
4  the  Treaty   mentioned  therein,    concerning  the 
4  Scots  Army  in  Ireland,    and  which  was  aflented 

*  to  by  both  Houfes  upon  the  yth  of  Augujl,   1642, 

*  be  punctually  obferved  in  all  the  Articles  thereof; 

*  which   being  equally  obliging  to  reciprocal  Per- 
4  formances,  we  do  declare,  in  the  Name  of  this 
4  Kingdom,  that  .the   Kingdom  of  England,  ma- 
4  king  good  what  by  Articles  of  the  Treaty,  efpe- 
4  cially    the   6th   and    nth,    their  publick    Faith 
4  is  engaged  for,  viz.   That  Payment  (hall  be  made 
4  to  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  and  their  Army,  of 
4  all  Dues  that  (hall  arife  upon  that  Treaty  ;    and 
4  that  when  the  Scots  Army,  employed  in  the  Ser- 

.  *  vice  of  Ireland,  fhall  be  difcharged,  they  fhall  be 
4  difbanded  by  Regiments,  and  no  leflfer  Proper  - 
4  tions,  and  fo  many  of  them  paid  off  as  fhall  be 
4  difbanded,  and  the  Refidue  kept  in  Pay  untill 
4  they  (hall  be  difbanded ;  and  that  the  Scots  Ar- 
4  my  (hall  be  entertained  by  the  Englljb  for  three 
4  Months  from  "June  20,  1642,  and  fo  long 
4  after  till  they  be  difcharged ;  and  that  they 
4  fhall  have  one  Month's  Pay  advanced  when 
4  they  are  firft  muftered  in  Ireland,  and  there- 

*  after    fhall    be    paid    from    Month    to  Month ; 
4  and  that  there  fhall  be  a  Mufter-Mafter,  appoint- 
4  ed    by   the  Englijh  Mufter-Mafter-General,    to 
4  make  frri&  and  frequent  Mufter  of  the  Scots  Ar- 
4  my  ;  and  that  what  Companies  of  Men  fhall  be 
4  fent   out    of   Scotland,    within    the    Compafs  of 
4  10,000  Men,  fhall  be   paid  upon  their  Mufters 
4  in  Ireland,  though  they  make  not  compleat  Re- 
4  giments ;    and    the  common    Soldiers  receiving 
4  their  fourteen  Days  Pay  at  their  Difmiffion^to 

4  carry 

3 1 4  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  at  Car.  I. «  carry  them  home,  then  the  Army  fhall  be  forth- 
wJth  difbanded  and  turned  home. 
*  ^n^  we  ZTe  confi^ent  tnat»  when  the  Honour- 
able  Houfes  fhall  remember  what  Miferies  that 

*  Army  hath  endured,  through  not  due  Payment  of 
*•  what  the  Kingdom  of  England  was  obliged  to  for 
«  them ;  what  Temptations   they  have  withftood, 

*  and  how  conftant  and  faithful  they  have  been  to 
'  this   Service  and  to  the  Crown  of  England,  they 
«  will  find  it  juft  that,  as  is  promifed  in  their  Let- 
«  ter,  Care  be  taken  for  their  due  Satisfaction  before 
'  they  be  recalled  from  the  Service  ;  and  that,  either 

*  upon  Account  of  all  the  Particulars,  or  upon  a 
'  general  Eftimate  to  be  agreed  on  for  the  whole. 
4  This  is  the  Expectation  of  the  Kingdom,  and  is 
'  hereby,  in  the  Name  of  the  Committee  of  Eftates 
<  thereof,  figned  by 

Tour  Lord/hip's 

Affeftionnte  Friend  and  Servant, 

LOUDON,  Cancellariw. 

Oft.  8.  Information  was  given  to  the  Lords, 
That  whereas  divers  Ordinances  had  parted  both 
Houfes  of  Parliament  for  the  regulating  the  Uni- 
verfity  of  Oxford,  and  they  had  granted  a  Com- 
miflion,  under  the  Great  Seal  of  England,  for  that 
Purpofe;  yet  Dr.  Fell  took  the  Boldnefs  upon  him 
to  execute  the  Vice-Chancellor's  Place,  difobeying 
all  Ordinances  and  Powers  of  the  Parliament ; 
fpeaking  infolent  Words  againft  them  ;  wondering 
what  Great  Seal  it  is  the  Commiflion  was  feal'd 
with,  and  queftioning  how  the  Parliament  came  by 
a  Great  Seal.  Whereupon  the  Lords  declared  the 
faid  Dr.  /V//tobeno  Vice-Chancellor  of  that  Uni- 
verfity,  and  ordered  that  he  fhould  be  fent  for  as  a 
Delinquent,  to  anfwer  the  fame  at  the  Bar  of  that 

Ofl.  10.  The  following  Letter  from  Colonel 
Jtnes  in  Ireland,  was  read  this  Day  to  the  Lords : 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  315 

To  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER,  An.  23  car.  i. 
Speaker  of  the  Houje  of  LORDS.  l647- 

My  Lord,  Dublin  ,  Sept.   27,    1647. 

*  \    Ccording  to  the  Commands  on  me  laid,  I 

*  /JL  have   given    the  Acknowledgment    of    the  Col>  jone8,s  Ac_ 

*  Houfes  to  the  Officers  here  ;  who  had  all  of  them,  count  of  the 

*  in  their  refpe£live  Commands,  very  well  merited  State. 
«  of  the  Public  in  the  late  Service  at  Dungan-Hill, 

*  with   which  your  Lordfhips  Senfe  of  that  their 

*  Service  they   reft  very  well  fatisfied  :    However, 

*  fome  of   them  had    before   refented    fomething, 

*  they  being  pafled  over,  while  others  were  remem- 

*  bered,  in  the  Rewards  of  that  Service  difpenfed 
'  by  the  Houfes. 

'  Prejiorfs  Papers,  commonly  called  the  Cabi- 

*  net,  (though  with  no  Cabinet)  {hall  be  fent  by 

*  the  firft  fure  Hands.     I  gain'd  them  in  a  fcattered 
'  Way,  from  feveral  Hands,  as  they  were  fnatch'd 
"*  up  in  the  Field.      It  was  expected  they  might 

*  have  given  us  other  Difcoveries  than,  upon  Pe- 

*  rufal,  I  find  in  them  ;  fo  as,  had  it  not  been  in 

*  Obedience  to  the  Commands  therein  laid  on  me, 

*  I   {hould  not  value  them  worthy  fo  great  taking 
'  Notice  of. 

'  I  have  fent  a  Ship  to  Munjter  with  thofe  Let- 

*  ters  thither  directed,  and  appointed  to  be  hence 
'  tranfmitted  to  the  Lord  Inchequin^  in  Colonel  Stlr- 

*  Jings  Letter  to  Major-General  Monroe  ;  in  which. 

*  among  other  intercepted  Papers  I  have  formerly 
'  fent  thither,  there  was  Mention  made  of  a  Veflel 

*  which  was  to  attend  the  Return  of  his  Servant 

*  Downing,  the  Bearer  of  thofe  Letters  -,  that  Vef- 

*  fel  being,  a:>  is  probably  conceiv'd  the  Charles  Fri- 
4  gate,  belonging  to  the  Lord  Inchequin^  but  in  the 
'  Parliament's  Pay  I  made  flay  of  3  wherein  I  defire 

*  your  Lordfhip's  Pleafure. 

*  I  had  before  intimated  my  Refolutions  for  tak- 

*  ing  the  Field,  but  hitherto  I  could  not  compafs 

*  the  doing  of  it,  partly  in  the  Unfeafonablenefs 

*  of  the  Weather,  wherein  the  naked  and  bare- 

«  footed 

3 1 6  T/je  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2j  Car.  I.  <  footed  Soldier  had  been  endangered  •"  partly,  ob- 
t  '6*^  j  '  ferving  the  Enemy's  Motion,  whereby  I  might 
O£h>ber.  *  find  how  to  dhe£  my  Courfe ;  and  partly,  ex- 

*  peeking  the  Northern  Forces,  commanded  by  Co- 
4  lonel  Monk.     Now  I  find  the  Rebels  drawn  to 
4  an  Head,    under    the   Command   of  their  Uljler 
(  General,  Owen  Roe,    As  for  Prejlon^  he  is  drawn 
4  out  of  the  Field  for  the  fecuring  of  Kilkenny  and 
4  Waterfmrdi    of  both    which    Places    he  is    made 
'  Commander. 

4  The    Strength  of  the  Vlfter   Rebels  is  given 
4  out  to    be  about    8000  Horfe    and  Foot,    with 

*  whom  are  joined  about  1800  Foot  and  500  Horfe 
c  of  the  Leinfler  Forces,    Part  of  Prejlon's  Com- 
'  mand. 

4  Yefternight  I    had  Intelligence   from  Colonel 

*  Monk^  of  his  marching  with  1500  Foot  and  550 
4  Horfe,  and  that  this  Night  he  will  be  at  Dundalk. 
*•  On  Saturday  next,  God  willing,  I  (hall  fet  forward 
4  with  the  Forces   here :  The  Lord  of  Hofts  go 
'  along  with  us. 

4  Very  great  are  the  Difcouragements  of  this 
4  Soldiery  in  the  want  of  all  Things,    the  Store 

*  and  Treafure  here  being  wholly  exhaufted' above 
c  ten  Days  fmce ;  fo  as  I  am  put   to  the   utmoft 

*  of  my  Shifts  for  Provifion  and  Pay  for  the  Ar- 

*  my,  which  cannot  hold  out  long,  if  not  fpeedily 
'  fupplied.     It  would  be  a   Matter  of  exceeding 

*  great  Difcouragement,  fhould  I,  through  Want, 

*  be  forced   from  out  of  the  Field,  as  formerly  I 
4  have  been,  after  the  Fight  of  Dungan-HUL     I 
'  fhould    fail    in  my  Duty    to  the  Service,   did  I 

*  not  thus  reprefent  to  your  Lordfhip  the  Necefli- 
£  ties  of  the  Army ;  and  I  fhould  be  very  much 

*  wanting  to  the  Truft  by  the  Houfes  repofed  in 
1  me,  in  fitting  down  under  any  Difcouragement 

*  lefs    than    Impoffibilities  ;    which   I    afiure  your 

*  Lordfhip  I  fhall  never  do,    refolving,    notwith- 

*  ftanding  all  Difficulties,  to  let  flip  no  Opportuni- 

*  ty  for  promoting  this  Service  to  the  utmoft  of  my 
'  Power ;  and  relying  on  your  Lordfliip's  Care  of 

4  fupplying 

of   ENGLAND,  317 

*  fupplying  us  as  fully  and  as  fpeedily  as  may  be  An.  23  Car.  r. 

*  poffible ;  fo,  humbly  taking  Leave,  I  remain,        v^_<<        ^^ 

My  Lord, 

Yeur  Lordjhips  devoted  Servant, 


Off.  14.  All  this  while  the  Impeachment  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  againft  the  feven  Lords  had  laid 
dormant  in   that  Houfe,  and  no   farther  Notice  is  forthe  TriTof 
taken  of  it  in  their  Journals,  than  what  is  before  the  feven  Peers 
given  ;  till  this  Day  we  find  that  a  MefTage  from  imP^ched  by 
the  Commons  was  fent  up,  declaring,  That  hav-    e  Com 
long  fmce  brought  up  an   Impeachment  of  High 
Treafon,  againft  'James  Earl  of  Suffolk,  Theopbilus 
Earl  of  Lincoln,  James  Earl  of  Middlejex,    George 
Lord  Berkely,  Francis  Lord  Willoughby,  John  Lord 
Hunfdon,  and  William   Lord    Maynard,    they  de- 
fire    their    Lordfhips   would    pleafe  to    appoint  a 
Time  when  the  Houfe  of  Commons  (hould  bring 
up  their  Proofs  againft  them.     The  Anfwer  was, 
That  the  Lords  appoint  that  Day  Fortnight  for  the 

Off.  15.  The  Lords  ordered,  That  fuch  of  their 
Members  as  were  within  twenty  Miles  of  London, 
fhould  be  fummoned  to  attend  the  Houfe  the  igth  A  eau  o 
Inftant ;   and  thofe  Lords  which  were  further  off,  Houfes. 
to  attend  on  the  Day  Fortnight  i  their  Anfwers 
to  be  returned  to  the  Houfe ,  and  all  fuch  Lords  as 
were  then  in  Town  not  to  be  abfent  without  fuffici- 
ent  Excufe  be  made  for  them.     This  Order  for 
Attendance,  we  fuppofe,  was  made  fo  ftric"t  on  ac- 
count of  the  Impeachments. 

The  Commons  had  a  Call  of  their  Houfe  fome 
Day  before  this  ;  when  it  appearing  that  about 
240  of  their  Members  were  abfent  (a),  a  Fine  of 
twenty  Pounds  a-piece  was  fet  upon  thofe  whofe 


(a)  Their  Nines  are  all  entered  in  the  Ccmmtni  Journals  Offt- 
ber  9,  1647. 

3 1 8  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  1.  Excufcs  were  not  allowed;  a   fecond  call  was  or- 
l6*7*        dered  ;  and  the  Members  to  be  fummoned . 

Oft.  15.  The  Lords  having,  for  feveral  Days, 
debated  the  new  Propofitions  to  be  fent  to  the  King  ; 
this  Day  they  were  perfected,  and  all  the  feparate 
Articles  of  them  agreed  to  by  that  Houfe.  The 
Commons  had  feveral  Divifions  on  different  Points 
in  thefe  Propofitions  ;  particularly,  Oft.  \  3,  no  lefs 
than  three  on  the  (ingle  Article  of  limiting  the 
Time  of  the  Settlement  of  Prefbyterian  Church- 
Government  in  England.  The  latter  of  which,  on 
the  Queftion,  Whether  it  fhould  be  for  feven  Years  ? 
was  carried  in  the  Negative,  by  41  againft  33.  It 
was  then  refolved^  That  the  Time  mould  be  to  the 
End  of  the  next  Seflion.  of  Parliament  after  the 
End  of  this.  They  fent  this  Day  alfo  to  let  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  know  it  was  their  Opinion  a 
Committee  of  both  Houfes  fliould  be  appointed,  to 
join  them  with  the  Commimoners  of  Scotland^  to 
carry  their  Propofitions  to  the  King  ;  to  enforce, 
by  Reafons  and  Arguments,  the  Juftnefs  and  Ne- 
ceffity  of  his  Majefty's  giving  his  Confent  unto 
them;  and  humbly,  to  defire  and  infift  upon  his 
pofltive  Anfwer  and  Confent,  and  to  return  to  the 
Houfes  within  ten  Days. 

O#.  19.  This  being  the  Day  appointed  for  a 
Call  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  and  fome  of  them  fend- 
ing their  Excufes  that  they  were  not  in  Health,  it 
was  ordered  to  put  off  the  Call  to  this  Day  Seven- 

A  Report  from  Having  mentioned  the  Univerflty  of  Oxford^  in 
tfce  Vifitors  ap-  the  Cafe  of  Dr.  JFV//,  we  here  fubjoin  an  Entry  made 
r'ntc.d  e° regu"  in  the  Lords  Journal*,  on  the  22d  of  this  Month, 

ate  the  Univer-       ,     .  iX  /~i        i     «      /*    i  t    t    T>    j  i  - 

uty  of  Oxford,   relating  to  the  Conduct  ot  that  whole  Body  on  this 
particular  Occafion. 

The  Earl  of  Pembroke,  then  lately  appointed 
Chancellor  by  an  Ordinance  of  Parliament,  re- 
ported from  the  Committee  of  Lords  and  Com- 

$f   ENGLAND.  319 

mons  appointed  to  regulate  that  Univerfity,  <  That  An.  13  ear.  I. 
the  Vifitors  having  fcnt  a  Summons  to  Dr.  Fell,  then         '  47'   M 
cxercifing  the  Place  of  Vice-Chancellor,  and  alfo      oaober. 
to  the  Heads  of  Houfes,  Do&ors,  Proclors,  Pro- 
feflbrs,  and  Delegates  of  that  Univerfity,  feverally, 
by  a  Mandatory,  they  came  accordingly.    And  firft 
they  told  the  Commiilioners,  '  They  did  not  know 
by  what  Authority  the  Vifitors  did  fend  for  them  ; 
and  thereupon  defired  a  View  and  Copy  of  their 
Commiffion,  which  was  grauted  them.    After  Per- 
ufal  thereof  they  brought  in  their  feveral  Anfwers  ; 
which  were  to  this  Effect : 

*  That  they  could  not  fubmit  to  this  Vifitation, 
becaufe  they  could  not  acknowledge  any  Vifitors  but 
the  King,    or  fuch  as  were  immediately  fent  by 
his  Majefty. 

*  This  was  the  Anfwer  of  the  Delegates,  chofen 
in  a  Convocation  the  firft  of  June  laft,  and  appoint- 
ed to  give  in  their  Anfwer  in  the  Name  of  the  Uni- 
verfity, confifting  of  fixteen  Doctors  and  thirteen 
Matters  of  Arts. 

«  The  Prebendaries  of  Cbrijl  Church  prefented 
the  fame  Anfwer. 

*  Others  faid,  They  could  not  bring  in  their  Re- 
gifters,  Statutes,    &£.   according  to  the   Vifitors 
Order,  becaufe  of  the  Oaths  which  they  had  taken 
to  obferve  the  Statutes  of  their  refpe&ive  Houfes  ; 
which,  as  they  fay,  binds  them  not  to  reveal  the 
Secrets  of  their  Colleges ;  which  they  muft  needs 
do,  if  they  fhould  obey  the  Order  fent  unto  them 
from  the  Vifitors  :   That  by  Statutes  fome  Bifhops 
were  appointed  to  be  Vifitors  of  the  feveral  Col- 
leges ;  and  therefore  they  could  not,  without  Per- 
jury, fubmit  to  this  Vifitation. 

'  Thefe  were  the  Anfwers  of  the  Heads  of  New 
College,  All  Souls,  St.  John's,  Wadham,  Queen's,  Urn- 
nerjity,  Brafen  Nofe,  Lincoln,  and  Exon. 

'  Some  added  to  this  Anfwer,  That  feveral  of 
their  Society,  whofe  Confent  was  requifite,  were 
abfent  from  the  Univerfity,  and  therefore  they  could 
not  fend  in  their  Books.  And  thefe  were  Ballot 
College,  Oriel,  and  Corpus  Cbrijti, 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

c  Dr.  Potter,  the  Prefident  of  Trinity  College,  an- 
fwered,  He  could  not  get  a  Refolution  of  the  Fel- 
lows,  without  whofe  Confent  he  could  not  come 
by  the  Books  required  by  Order. 

'  Dr.  Pelbam,  the  Vice-Prefident  of  Magdalen, 
denying  his  Appearance,  fent  by  the  Vifitors  Man- 
datory this  Anfwer,  That  his  Bufmefs  was  within 
the  College,  and  that  he  neither  had,  nor  would 
have,  any  thing  to  do  in  meddling  with  any  general 
Bufmefs  out  of  the  College. 

'  Sir  Natbanael  Brent,  the  Warden  of  Merton 
College,  profefled  before  the  Vifitors,  that  they 
fhould  have  the  Books  of  his  College  whenever 
they  called  for  them. 

4  Mr.  Langley,  the  Mafter  of  Pembroke  College, 
put  in  by  Ordinance  of  Parliament,  brought  in  what 
Books  he  could  find  j  for  he  was  oppofed  by  Mr. 
Whitivick,  who  pretended  to  be  Mailer,  and  had 
been  put  out  by  the  Parliament. 

«  Jefus  College  fubmitted  to  the  Vifitation,  and 
fent  in  their  Books  according  to  Order. 

*  The  Beadles  of  the  Univerfity  being  required 
to  bring  in  their  Staves,  the  Enfigns  of  their  Office 
anfwered,  the  Vice-Chancellor  had  them  ;  who  told 
them  he  could  not  deliver  them  without  the  Con- 
fent of  the  whole  Univerfity. 

*  Dr.  Petty  exerciling  the  Place  of  Vice-Chan- 
cellor, being  five  feveral  Times  fent  to  by  the  Vifi- 
tors to  appear  before  them,  and  to  bring  in  the  En- 
ligns  of  his  Office,  refufed  to  come,  and  alfo  to 
fend  what  was  required  ;    whereupon  the  Vifitors 
made  an  Aft,  by  which  they  diverted  him  of  that 
Office  he  pretended  to,   and  alfo  another  A&  for 
adjourning  the  Term  till  the  I5th  of  November  next : 
Notwithstanding  which  Aft  Dr.  Fell  did  begin  the 
Term,  contrary  to  the  Orders  of  the  Vifitors,  which 
they  had  publimed  to  the  Univerfity,  and  of  which 
they  had  fent  him  a  Copy.' 

After  this,  both  Houfes  agreed  to  refer  the  Con- 

federation  of  this  Report  from  the  Vifitors,  to  the 

Committee  of  Lords  and  Commons  appointed  for 

2  regu- 

^ENGLAND.  321 

regulating  that  Univerfity,  and  to  apply  effe&ual  An.  z?  car.  i. 
Remedies  as  the  Cafe  fhall  require.  t      i6*7'     t 

Oa.  28.  After  the  Lords  fent  up  the  new  Pro-  NovEmber« 
pofitions  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  mentioned  on 
the  1 5th,  they  voted  that  no  more  Additions  or 
Alterations  mould  be  made  in  them  ;  but  the  Com- 
mons demurred  to  this,  and  defired  a  Conference 
with  the  Lords  about  them ;  the  Altercations  in 
Which,  on  Terms  and  Phrafes,  take  up  fo  many 
Pages  in  the  Lords  Journals,  that  it  would  be  te- 
dious even  to  give  an  Abftract  of  them. 

Nov.  3.  This  Day  the  Commons,  according  to 
Order,  had  a  fecond  Call  of  their  Houfe  j  but,  be- 
fore it,  the  Queftion  was  put,  Whether  fuch  Mem- 
bers as  did  not  appear  at  the  Call,  and  were  not 
excufed,  mould  forfeit  20  /.  it  pafled  in  the  Nega- 
tive, 152  againft  112,  in  all  264,  the  largeft  Num- 
ber we  have  noted  for  fome  Years  ;  tho',  on  a  Di^ 
vifion  the  very  next  Day,  the  Numbers  were  only 
43  againft  41. 

Nov.  6.  A  Letter  from  the  Scots  Commiflioners,  to 
the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Commons,was  read  (#). 

SIR,  Worcefter-Houfe,  Nov.  5,  1647. 

'    A  S  upon  the  Removal  of  his  Majefty  from  A  Letter  fo  the 
'  /V  Holdenby,  againft  his  Will,  by  a  Party  of  J^jj™? 
'  the  Army  under  the  Command   of  Sir  Thomas  mifl-loners,  pref- 
'  Fairfax,  we  exprefled  our  Senfe,  and  the  Refent-  fingfor  a  Perform 
«  ment  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  of  that  violent 

*  A&ion  :  So  the  Committee  of  Eftates  of  the  Par- 

*  liament  of  Scotland,   finding  that  his  Majefty  is 

*  ftill  kept  within  the  Power  of  that  Army,  thought 

*  themfelves   bound   to   endeavour    to  know   the 

*  Certainty  of  his    Condition.     In  Obedience  to 
'  their  Commands  we  applied  ourfelves  to  his  Ma- 

*  jefty,    that  from  himfelf  we   might   know    the 
4  Truth  thereof ;  who  was  pleafed  to  mew  us  his 

VOL.  XVI.  X  <  Ufage 

(a]  From  the  Original  Edition,  printed  by  Robert  Ibbttfon,  and  li- 
eenfed  by  Gilbert  Mabbot.     The  Copy  given  in   Mr.  Ru 
CoL'eciions,  Vol.  VII.  p.  864,  is  extremely  incorreft,  as  wi 
upon  Comparifon. 

322  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  33  Car.  I. «  Ufage  ever  fince  he   came  from  Newcaflle^  but 

11     •  ^  t    *  for  his  prefer) t  Condition,  he  really  profefleth  he 

November.     *  cannot  but  refer  us   to  know  it  from  the  two 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament  and  the  Army. 

*  Both  Houfes,  by  many  Profefiions  and  Erigage- 

*  ments,  have  declared  to  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland 
'  that  they  would  take  Care  of  the  Prefervation  of 

*  his  Perfon,  his  juft  Power  and  Greatnefs,  which 

*  both  Kingdoms  have  fworn  not  to  diminim ;  and 

*  the  Parliament  of  Scotland^  upon  the  King's  going 

*  to  Holdenby,  did  declare  againft  all  Harm,  Pre- 
*judice!>  Injury,  or  Violence  to  be    done  to   his 

*  Royal  Perfon.     Therefore,  in  Purfuance  of  the 

*  Truft  committed  to  us,  we  make  this  Addrefs  to 

*  the  Honourable   Houfes  ;  conceiving  it  neeulefs 

*  to  apply  ourfelvcs   to  the  Army,  who,  we  fup- 

*  pofe,  are  or  ought  to  be  under  their  Command  ; 

*  defiring  to  know  from  them  the  Certainty  of  his 

*  Majefty's  Condition  ;  and  the  rather,  for  that  we 
•*  are    informed  there  are  Intentions  in  the  Army 

*  for  removing  him  from  Hampton- Court. 

4  The   Kingdom  of  Scotland  finding  that  their 

*  Stability  and  Happinefs  doth  fo  much  depend  up- 

*  on  the  Safety  and  Prefervation  of  his   Majefty's 

*  Royal  Perfon :  And  being  refolved  that   no  Alte^ 

*  ration  of  Affairs  {hall  ever  feparate  them  from  the 

*  Duty  and  Allegiance  they  owe  unto  his  Majefty, 

*  nor  from  their  conftant  Refolution  to  live  in  all 
6  Loyalty  and  Obedience  under  his  Government, 
'  have  often  {hewn  their  earned  Defires,  and  contri- 

*  buted  their  utmoft  Endeavours,  towards  the  Com- 

*  pofure  of  thefe  unhappy  Differences :    And  the 

*  Houfes  of  Parliament  having,  by  their  Votes  of 
c  the  28th  of  Ofiober  laft,  intimated  unto  us  their 
4  Refolution  to  apply  themfelves  to  his  Majefty,  and 
6  that  they  are  preparing  Propofitions  to  be  tendered 
e  to  him  ;  we  defire  that  they  may  be  expedited  and 
4  communicated  to  us,  that,  according  to  our  many 
c  Engagements  and  Relations,  there  may  ftill  be  a 
'*  Conjunction  of  Councils   in  thofe   Things  that 

4  are  for  the  common  Peace  and  joint  Intereft  of 

*  both  Kingdoms. 

«  And 

*f    ENGLAND.  323 

'  And  for  the  better  afferting  them,  for  clearing  of  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  his  Majefty's  Doubts,  and  for  giving  and  receiving  ^ s*7*  ^ 

'  mutual  Satisfaction,  we  do  defire,  in  the  Name     Norember. 

4  of  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  that  there  may  be  a 

*  perfonal  Treaty  with  his  Majefty,  as  the  beft  and 
'  readieft  Means  to  obtain  the  joint  Defires  of  both 

*  Kingdoms;  and,  for  that  Effect,  that  the  King 

*  might  be  invited  to  come  to  London,  with   the 
'  Honour,  Freedom,  and  Refpect  due  to  his  Ma- 

*  jefty ;  or  at  leaft  remain  at  Hampton-Court,  and 
'  not  to  be  under  the  Power  and   Reftraint  of  the 

*  Soldiers,  where  both  Kingdoms  may  make  their 

*  free  Applications  to  him  without  any  Danger  of 

*  fuch   Stop  or  Affront  as  hath  been  already  com- 
'  mitted  againft  a  Commiflioner  of  Scotland,    for 

*  which   no  Reparation  hath  been  yet  made,  and 
4  that  his  Majefty  be  no  more  carried  about  with 
'  the  Army  at  their  Pleafure. 

*  Thefe   we  conceive  to  be  the  moft  probable 

*  and  effectual  Means  for  attaining  a  happy  Peace, 

*  and  fettling  of  Religion,  reftoring   his   Majefty 
'  to  his  juft  Rights,  and  continuing  and  ftrength- 

*  ening  a  good  Undcrftanding  betwixt  thefe  King- 

*  doms,  which  are   moft  earneftly  defired  by  the 

*  Kingdom  of  Scotland  \  and  ftiall  be  conftantly  and 

*  faithfully  endeavoured  by 

Your  Lord/hip's  bumble  Servants, 



The  Lords  ordered  that  this  Letter  from  the 
Scots  Commiffioners  mould  be  referred  to  a  Com- 
mittee of  their  Houfe,  to  confider  of  an  Anfwer  to 
it ;  and  to  fend  to  the  Commons  to  defire  they 
would  appoint  a  proportionable  Number  of  their 
Members  to  join  with  them  therein. 

Nov.  9.  This  Day,  according  to  former  Order, 

the  Houfe  of  Lords  was  called  over  ;  and  the  Gen- 

tleman-Ufher  gave  an  Account  that  all  the  Lords, 

X  2  then 

324  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  aj  Car.  I.  then  abfent^  had  Notice  given  them  to  attend  the 
l647-        Houfe  according  to   Order:    On   which   it  was 


November          o  to  ^et  a  ^  ^ne  °^  IO°  ^  on  eac^  °^  tnem  tnat 

had  been  fummoned   and  did  not  appear,    unlefs 

fome  Affidavit   was  made  that  they  were  not  able 

A  Fine  of  ioo  l.  to  attend  by  reafon  of  ill  Health.     The  aforefaid 

each,  upon  fuch  jTjne  to  be  eftreated  in  the  Exchequer,  unlefs  Caufe 

abfent  a^Tcll!  ^e  &ewn  to  tne  contrary,  within  a  Week.     But, 

of  that  Houfe.    amongft  all  the  Peers,  there  was  only   the  Lord 

Herbert  of  Cherbury  fined  ;  and  he  making  his  Ex- 

cufe  next  Day,  that  his  ill  State  of  Health  would 

not  permit  him  to  attend  the  Service  of  the  Houfe, 

the  Fine  was  remitted,  and   he  had  longer  Time 

given  him  ;  as  there  was   to  the  reft  of  the  Abfen- 

tees,  which  were  no  more  than  four  Lords,  fome 

to  a  longer  and  others  to  a  morter  Date. 

Nov.   10.     On  this  Day  it  was  that  the  Com- 
mons fent  up  the  Preamble  to  the  Propofitions  fi- 
nally concluded,  which  was  read  in  thefe  Words  : 
4  The  Lords  and  Commons  aflembled   in  Par- 
liament do  declare,  That  the  King  of  England  ', 
for  the  Time  being,  is  bound  in  Juftice,  and  by 
the  Duty  of  his  Office,  to  give  his  Affent  to  all 
fuch  Laws  as,   by  the  Lords  and  Commons   in 
Parliament,  {hall  be  adjudged  to  be  for  the  Good 
of  the  Kingdom,  and  by  them  tendered  unto  him 
for  his  Aflent  ;  and,  in  Purfuance  thereof,    do 
offer  the  enfuing  Propofitions  to  his  Majefty,   to 
be  made  Laws,  for  a  prefent  fettling  of  a  well- 
c  grounded  Peace/ 

Major-General  Stirling  and  Lieutenant-Colonel 
Marjball,  being  brought  from  Ireland,  were  com- 
mitted to  the  Cuftody  of  the  Serjeant  of  the  Houfe 
of  Commons  for  the  prefent. 

The  King  efcapes     Nov.  12.     After  both  Houfes  had  laboured  with 

J,r°mtHampton~  t^le'r  Pr°P°nt'ons  *°  l°ng»  ancl  were  at  1*^  dc^1" 
vered  of  them,  they  were  dreadfully  alarmed  this 
Day,  with  Intelligence  from  the  Lord  Montague, 
That  the  King  had  efcaped  the  Night  before  from 


of   ENGLAND.  32^ 

Hampton-Court ;  and  that  the  following  Papers,  all  An.  *5  Car.  I 
of  his  own  Hand-writing,  were  found  upon  thet       l647' 
Table  in  his  Chamber.  November. 

And  firft,  was  read  his  Majefty's  Letter  to  the 
Lord  Montague,  one  of  the  Parliament's  Com- 
miffioners  appointed  to  attend  him. 

Hampton-Court,  Nov.  n,   1647. 

/  do  hereby  give  you,  and  the  reft  of  your  His  Letter  to  the 

ellows,  Thanks  for  the  Civilities  and  good  Con*Lor{ M°"ta6ue 
r    •          i        i    7  i     7    f  >T          r  on  »«*  Occa- 

'verjation   that  1  nave  bad  jrom  you.     JVext  1  com-&m. 

mand  you  to  fend  this  my  MeJJage,  which  you  will 
find  upon  my  'Table,  to  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament ; 
and  likewife  to  give  a  Copy  of  it  to  Colonel  Whaley, 
to  be  fent  to  the  General.  Likewife  I  dejire  you  to 
fend  all  my  Saddle-Horfes  to  my  Son  the  Duke  of  York; 
as  for  what  concerns  the  Resolution  J  have  taken,  my. 
declaratory  MeJJage  fays  fo  much  that  I  refer  you  to 
it ;  and  fo  I  rejl 

Your  aflured  Friend, 


Next  the  King's  MefTage  was  read : 

For  the  S  P  E  A  K  E  R  of  the  Houfe  of  L  o  R  D  s  pro 
Tempore,  to  be  communicated  to  the  Lords  and 
Commons  in  the  Parliament  of  England,  at 
Wejlminjler,  and  to  the  Commiffioners  of  the 
Parliament  of  Scotland,  and  to  all  my  other  Sub- 
jects, of  what  Degree,  Condition,  or  Calling, 

Hampton-Court,  Nov.   n,  16.47. 

T  Iberty  being  that  which  in  all  Times  hath  been,  His  Meflage  to 
•*-«  but    efpecially  now   is,    the  common   Theme   tf;/Jthe  Parliament. 
Dejire   of  all    Men,     common     Rcafon  Jhews   that 
Kings,  lefs  than  any,  Jhould  endure    Captivity  ;  yet  I 
call  God  to   witnefs  with  what  Patience  I  have  en- 
dured a  tedious  Rejiraint  ^  which  fo  long  as  I  had 
X  3  any 

•526  *I he  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  any  Hopv  that  this  Sort  of  my  Suffering  might  cm- 
1  *?•     t    duce  to  the  Peace  of  my  Kingdoms,  or  the  hindering 
Novein  °f  more  Effufion  of  Blood,  I  did  willingly   undergo  j 

but  now  finding^  by  too  certain  Proofs,  that  this  my 
continued  Patience  would  not  only  turn  to  my  perfo- 
nal  Ruin,  but  likewife  be  of  much  more  Prejudice 
than  Furtherance  to  the  Public  Good,  I  thought  I  was 
bound)  as  well  by  natural  as  political  Obligations^ 
to  fee k  my  Safety,  by  retiring  my f elf,  for  feme  Timt, 
from  the  public  View  both  of  my  Friends  and  Ene- 
mies. And  I  appeal  to  all  indifferent  Men  to  judge, 
if  I  have  not  jujl  Caufe  to  free  myftlf  from  the  Hands 
of  thcfe  who  change  their  Principles  with  their  Con- 
dition, and  who  are  not  afhamed  openly  to  intend  the 
Ds/Truftion  of  the  Nobility,  by  taking  away  their 
Negative  Voice,  and  with  whom  the  Levellers  Doc- 
trine is  rather  countenanced  than  punijhed :  And  as 
for  their  Intentions  to  my  Perfon,  their  changing  and 
putting  more  Jlritt  Guards  upon  me,  with  the  dif- 
charging  moft  of  all  thofe  Servants  of  mine  who  for- 
merly they  willingly  admitted  to  wait  upon  me,  do  fuf- 
ficiently  declare.  Nor  wwld  I  have  this  my  Retire- 
ment mi/interpreted ;  for  I  Jhall  earnejlly  and  incef- 
fantly  endeavour  the  Settling  of  a  fafe  and  well- 
grounded  Peace  wherever  I  am,  or  Jhall  be  ;  and 
that,  as  much  as  may  be,  without  the  Effujlon  of 
more  Chriflian  Blood;  for  which  bow  many  Times 
have  I  defired,  prejfed  to  be  heard,  and  yet  no  Ear 
given  to  me  ?  And  can  any  reafonable  Man  think  that, 
according  to  the  ordinary  Courfe  of  Affairs,  there  can 
be  a  fettled  Peace  without  it,  or  that  God  will  blefs 
thofe  who  refufe  to  hear  their  own  King  ?  Surely  no. 
Nay,  I  mujl  farther  add,  that,  befides  what  concerns 
myfelf  unlefs  all  cth^r  chief  Intcre/h  have  not  only 
a  Hearing,  but  Hkewife  j'uji  Satisfaction  given  unto 
them,  (to  ^u!f,  the  Prejlyterians,  Indcpendar.ts,  Ar- 
my, th-ife  who  have  adhered  to  me,  and  even  the 
Scots)  I  fey  there  cnnnct  ( I  (peak  not  of  Miracles, 
it  being)  in  my  Opint9fi,  a  f-.r.fid  Prejumption,  in 
fuch  Cafes,  to  cxpeft  or  truft  to  them)  be  a  ^  fafe 
or  lafling  Peace.  Now  as  I  cannot  d?ny  -but  that 
my  perfonal  Sccitrity  is  the  urgent  C<iufe  of  this  my 


of   ENGLAND.  327 

Retirement,  fo  I  take  God  to  witnefs,  that  the  Public  An.  23  Car.  I. 
Peace  is  no  lefs  before  my  Eyes  ;  and  I  can  find  no 
better  Way  to  exprefs  this  my  Profejfion,  (I  know  not 
what  a  wifer  Man  may  do)  than  by  defer  ing  and 
urging,  that  all  chief  Inter  efts  may  be  heard,  to  the 
end  each  may  have  juft  Satisfaction,  As  for  Ex- 
ample \  the  Army  (for  the  reft  though  necejfary,  yet9 
I  fuppofe,  are  not  difficult  to  content}  ought,  in  my 
judgment,  to  enjoy  the  Liberty  of  their  Conferences, 
and  have  an  AR  of  Oblivion  or  Indemnity,  which 
Jhould  extend  to  the  reft  of  rnv  Subjects  ;  and  that  all 
their  Arrears  Jhould  be  fpeedily  and  duly  paid,  which 
I  will  undertake  to  do,  Jo  I  may  be  heard,  and  that  / 
be  not  hindered  from  ufing  fuch  lawful  and  hone  ft 
Means  as  I  Jhall  chufe. 

To  conclude  :  Let  me  be  heard  Tcifh  Freedom,  Ho- 
nour, and  Safety,  and  I  Jhall  inftar.tly  break  through 
this  Cloud  of  Retirement,  and  Jhall  fb  civ  my f elf  real.} 
to  be  Pater  Patriae. 

Then  a  Letter  of  the  King's  to  Col.  JVhaley  was 

Hampton-Court,  Nov.  u,  1647. 
Col.  Whaley, 

THave  been  fo  civilly  ufed  by  you  and  Major  Hunt-  And  another 
•9-  ingdon,  that  I  can't  but,  by  this  parting  Fare-  ^"er  to  Coi 
well,  acknowledge  it  under  my  Handy  as  a/fa  to  de- 
fire  the  Continuance  of  your  Courtcfy,  by  your  pro- 
tecting my  Houjhold  Stuff"  and  Moveables  of  all  Sorts, 
which  I  leave  behind  me  in  this  Houfe,  that  they  be 
neither  fpoiled  nor  embezzled;  only  there  are  three 
Pictures  here,  which  are  not  mine,  which  1  dejire 
you  to  reftore ;  to  wit,  ?ny  Wife's  Pi£lure  in  Blue, 
fitting  in  a  Chair,  you  muft  fend  ta  Mrs.  Kirk  ; 
my  eldeft  Daughter's  Piclure,  copied  by  Belcam,  ta 
the  Countefs  of  Anglefea  ;  and  my  Lady  Stanhope's 
Picture  to  Carew  Rawleigh.  There  is  a  fourth 
Piclure,  which  I  had  almojl  forgot ;  it  is  the  Ori- 
ginal of  my  eldeft  Daughter,  (it  hangs  in  the  Cham- 
ber over  the  Board  next  to  the  Chimney)  which  you 
muft  fend  to  my  Lady  Aubigney.  So,  being  con/i- 
X  4  dent 


An.  23  Car.  I.  dent  that  you 
|647-         Ire/! 

.An  anonymous 
Letter  to  the 
King  advifing 

his  Efcape. 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

my  Preservation  and  Rejlitutiony 
Your  Friend, 


P.  S.  /  a/Jure  you  that  it  was  not  the  Letter  you 
jheiued  me  To-day  that  made  me  take  this  Resolution, 
nor  any  ddvertifemunt  of  that  Kind;  but  I  confefs 
that  I  am  loth  to  be  made  a  clofe  Prifoner,  under 
Pretence  of  fee ur ing  my  Life. 

I  had  almojl  forgot  to  defer  e  you  to  fend  the  black- 
grey  Bitch  to  the  Duke  0/"  Richmond. 

The  Letter  to  the  King,  above  referred  to,  was 
read,  fubfcribed  only  with  E.  R. 

Lwdon,  Nov.  9,  1647. 
May  it  pleafe  your  Afajejiy, 

{  I  N  Difcharge  of  my  Duty,  I  can't  omit  to  ac- 
c  J.  quaint  you,  that  my  Brother  was  at  a  Meet- 
'  ing  laft  Night,  with  eight  or  nine  of  the  Agita- 

*  tors  ;  who,  in  Debate  of  the  Obftacles  which  did 
4  moft  hinder  the  fpeedy  efFecting  of  their  Dqfigns, 
'  did  conclude  it  was  your  Majefty,  and  fo  long  as 
'  your  Majefty  doth  live  you   would  be  fo  ;  and 
'  therefore  refolved,  for  the  Good  of  the  King- 
'  dom,  to  take  your  Life  away  j  and  that  to  that 
c  Action  they  were  well  allured  that  Mr.  Dell  and 

*  Mr.  Peters,  two  of  their  Preachers,  would  wil- 

*  lingly  bear  them  Company  j  for  they  had  often 
'  faid   to  thefe  Agitators,  your  Majefty  is  but  as  a 

*  dead  Dog.     My  Prayers  are  for  your  Majefty's 
'  Safety,  but  do  too  much  fear  it  can't  be  whilft 
c  you  are  in  thofe  Hands.    I  wifh  with  all  my  Soul 
e  that  your  Majefty  were  at  my  Houfc  in  Broad- 

*  Street,  where  I  am  confident  I  could  keep  you 

*  private  till   this  Storm  was  over ;  but  beg  your 
'  Majefty's  Pardon,  and  (hall  not  prefume  to  offer 

*  it  as  Advice  ;  'tis  only  my  conftant  Zeal  to  your 
f  Service,  who  am 

Tour  Majcfy's  dutiful  Subjetf, 

E,  R. 


gf    ENGLAND.  329 

The  Speaker  acquainted  the  Houfe  with  a  Letter  An-  23  Car.  I. 
he  received  from  Lieutenant-General  Cromwell,  that  L     l6*7' 
the  King  went  laft  Night,  with  nine  Horfes,  over     November. 
Kingjlon  Bridge. 

Ordered^  '  That  the  King's  Letter  to  the  Lord 
Montague,  and  his  Majefty's  MefTage,  be  com- 
municated to  the  Houfe  of  Commons.  The  Lords 
alfo  declared  that  they  were  fully  fatisfied  that  the 
Lord  Montague  had,  with  all  Fidelity  and  Dili- 
gence, performed  the  Truft  wherein  he  was  em- 
ployed by  both  Houfes,  in  attending  on  the  King 
at  Hampton-Court ;  and  that  this  Accident  of  the 
King's  goino;  from  Hampton-Court  did  no  way  re- 
flect upon  his  Integrity,  neither  his  Lordfhip  nor 
the  reft  of  the  Commiffioners  having  the  Command 
of  the  Guards  there/ 

Nov.  13.  Col.  Wlwley  made  a  Narrative  to  the 
Lords,  concerning  his  guarding  of  the  King,  and 
the  Manner  of  his  Majefty's  Efcape  from  Hamp- 
ton-Court. Afterwards  the  Speaker,  in  the  Name 
of  the  Houfe,  gave  the  Colonel  this  Anfwer,  That 
the  Lords  were  fully  fatisfied  with  his  free  and  in- 
genuous Relation,  and  alfo  with  his  former  faithful 
Service,  efpecially  with  his  Carriage  in  this  Bufi- 
ncfs,  for  which  the  Houfe  did  give  him  Thanks. 

A  Letter' from  the  Scots  Commiffioners  was  read, 
directed  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords. 

Right  Honourable,  Nov.  13,  1647. 

*  HpHIS  Morning  we  have  heard  a  Report  that  The  Scots  Com. 

*  his  Majefty   is  gone  from   Hampton-Court ;  miffioners  Lett«i 
f  therefore  we   have  thought  it  incumbent  on  us 

*  to  defire  that  both  Houfes  would  make  known 

*  to  us  the  Certainty  thereof,  to  the  end  we  may 

*  be  the  better  enabled   to  give  an  Account  to  the 
'  Kingdom  of  Scotland ;  and  fo  we  reft 

Tour  Lordjhip's  humble  Servants, 



•  Another 

3  3  o 

An.  a  :'-•"• 



The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Another  Letter,    directed   as    before,    from  Sir 
Tljomas  Fairfax  was  read. 

Putney,  Nov.  13,  1647. 
My  Lord, 

*  '~|~  "  HIS  Morning  Col.  Wkaley  hath  been  with 
'     Jl      me,  and  given  me  an  Account,  as   far  as 
'  yet  he  underftandeth,  of  all   Circumftances   ap- 

*  peering  about  the  King's  going  away  ;  all  which 
v  the  CominUiioners  of  both  Houfes,  as  he  faith, 
'  do  know  as  fully  as  he  ;  and  therefore  they  being, 

*  as  he  forctdleth  me,  gone  to  acquaint  the  Houfes 
'  therewith,  I  forbear,  for  this  Day,  to  command 
'  his  Attendance  on  the  Houfes  ;  efpecially  in  re- 

*  gard   that  there  is  yet  fome  Need  of  the  Conti- 

*  nuance  of  his  Guard  and  Care  at  Hampton-Court, 
4  for  the  fafe  keeping  of  thole  whom  he  hath  fe- 

*  cured,  to  be    examined   concerning  the  King's 

*  Efcape  ;  about  whom  I  defire  the  Houfes  would 

*  take  fome  Order  what  fhould  be  done  with  them, 

*  for  the  Examination  of  them  or  otherwife. 

4  I  (hall  To-morrow  go  to  Ware,  according  to 

*  former  Refolution,  to  rendezvous  the  Army»  and 

*  mail   be  there  until  Monday  towards  Night,  to 
c  receive  your  Commands. 


very  bumble  Servant, 


T&rCommcns  On  the  Day  the  firft  News  of  the  King's  Efcape 
^f&^to'ucti"  came  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  a  Queftion  was 
c-^ithe  King's  propofed,  That  what  Perfcn  foever  fhould  harbour 
J%»tiw.  or  conceal  the  King's  Perfon.,  or  know  of  any  that 

did,  and  fhall  not  reveal  it  immediately  to  the 
Speakers  of  both  Houfes,  fhould  be  proceeded, 
aiiainft  as  a  Traitor  to  the  Common-wealth,  for- 
feit Hs  whole  Eitate,  and  die  without  Mercy- 
There  were  two  Divilions  on  this  Qveftiofl  ;  the 
firft,  Whether  it  (hould  be  now  put  ?  which  was 
carried  by  58  anainft  48  ;  then  the  main  Queftion 
being  put,  it  palled  in  the  Affirmative,  61  acvmft 


of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  371 

But  the  Houfes  were  not  very  long  in  Sufpence  An.  23  Car.  t. 
what  was  become  of  the  King  ;  for  this  Morning,        ^'v 
Nov.  15,  a  Letter  from  Col.  Hammond,  Governor     November, 
of  the  Ijle  of  IVight,  was   received,  and  read   in 
thefe  Words  : 

For  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

My  Lord,  Coives,  Nov.  13,  1647. 

'  T  Hold  it  my  Duty  to  give  your  Lordfhip  an  AcrCol.  Hammond 
'  •*•  count  of  the  King's  unexpected  coining  mto  knJs  Advice  of 
'  this  Ifland,  and  of  the  Manner  of  it ;  which  was  jJJJJJSi 
4  thus  :  Ifcof  Wight, 

4  This   Morning,  as  I  was  on  the  Way  pafling 

*  from  CariJbrook-CaJlle  to  Newport,  Mr.  Afnlnrn- 

*  ham  and  Sir  John  Berkley  overtook  me  ;  and,  after 

*  a  fhort  Difcourfe,  told  me,  That  the  King   was 
'  near,  and  that  he  would  be  with  me  that  Ni'c'nt; 
4  that  he  was  come  from  Hampton-Court  upon  In- 

*  formation  that  there  were  fome  intended  to  de- 
'  ftroy  his  Perfon,    and   that  he  could    not   with 

*  Safety  continue  any  longer  there ;  and  that  find- 
c  ing  his  Cafe  thus,  he  chofe  rather  to  put  himfelf  in 
'  my  Hands  (being  a  Member  of  the  Army,  whom, 

*  he  faith,  he  would  not  have  left,  could  he  have 

*  had  Security  to  his  Perfoa)  than  to  go  to  any 

*  other  Place       Being  herewith  exceedingly  fur- 
'  prized  at  prefent,  I  knew    not  what  Courfe    to 
'  take ;  but,  upon  ferious  Confederation,  weighing 

*  the  great  Concernment   that  the  Perfon  of   the 
«  King  is  of,  in  this  Juncture  of  Affairs,  to  the 

*  Settlement  of  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  I  re- 
1  folved  it  my  Duty  to  the  King,  to  the  Parliament, 

*  and  Kingdom,  to  ufe  the  utmoft  of  my  Endea- 

*  vours  to  preferve  his  Perfon  from  any  fuch  horrid 
'  Attempt,  and  to  bring  him  to  a  Place  of  Safety  ; 
'  where  he  may  alfo  be  in  a  Capacity  of  anfwer- 
'  ing  the   Expectation   of  Parliament  and    King- 
'  dom,  in  agreeing  to  fuch  Things  as  may  extend 
'  to  the   Settlement  of  thofe  great  Divifions  and 
'  Diftractions  abounding  in  every  Corner  thereof. 

*  Hereupon 

3  3  2  T&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

/n.  aj  Car-  I.  c  Hereupon  I  went  immediately   with  them    over 

^47'     .  «  the  Water,  taking   Captain  Bajket,  the  Captain 

November.      '  of  Cowes  Cajile,  with  me,  and   found  the  King 

'  near  the  Water  Side  :  And  conceiving  myfelf  no 

c  way  able  to  fccure  him  there,  I  chofe,  he  defiring 

c  it,  to  bring  him  over  into  this  Ifland,  where  he 

'  now  is. 

4  My  Lord,  my  Endeavours,  as   for   my    Life, 

*  (hall  be  to   preferve  and  fecure  his  Perfon.     And 
'  I  humbly  defire  I  may  receive  the  Pleafure  of  the 
c  Parliament    in   this   great  and  weighty  Matter  ; 

*  and  that  the  Lord  will  direct  your  Counfels   to 

*  his  Glory  and   the  Kingdom's  Good  and  Peace, 
e  mail  be  my   Prayer  ;    and  my  Endeavour   (hall 

*  ever  be  to  exprefs  myfelf,  in  all  Things  in  my 

<Power»  My  Lord, 

Tour  Lord/hip's  and  the  Kingdom's 

mojl  humble  and  faithful  Servant  , 


A  Committee  of  both  Houfes  was  appointed  to 
meet  that  Afternoon,  and  confuler  what  was  fit  to 
be  done  with  the  Perfon  of  the  King,  and  report 
the  fame,  that  Orders  might  be  fent  down  to  Col. 
Hammond  accordingly. 

The  Reafons  for  the  Kinefs  making  his  Efcape 
from  Hampton-Court  ,  and  throwing  himfelf  into 
the  Hands  of  Colonel  Hammond,  in  the  Jjle  of 
Wight,  are  varioufly  accounted  for  by  the  Con- 
temporary Hiftorians,  according  to  their  different 
Difpofitions  and  Affections,  and  are  far  too  tedir 
ous  to  be  here  recited  :  But  a  Reference  thereto 
may  not  be  unnecefiary  (£). 

Nov.  1  6.  A  Letter  from  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax 
was  read.  Mr.  Ritfljworth  has  abridged  this  Let- 


(b)  Ludlow't  Memoirs,  Vol.  I.  p.  214.  to  iza.  -  IIcMcf 
tf  tbi  Civil  Wart,  p.  200.  -  ----  Hollefi  Memtirs,  p.  186,  7.  —  ^~ 
H'arvoicFt  Memoirs,  p.  301;  to  308-  --  CtaraiJom'i  Hijlor-c, 
\'c-l.  V.  8vo.  Edit.  p.  76  to  ?6  .......  H'kithcf-r'i  ^f  •;.-:;.•  .'».'-,  \.  170 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  333 

ter,  and  has  not  given  any  Part  of  the  Petition  at  An.  z5  caM 
the  End  of  it ;  but  as  it  has  ever  been  the  Method 
of  thefe  Inquiries   to  publifh  thefe  Affairs  fent  to 
the  Parliament  at  full  Length,  we   fhall  make  no 
further  Apology  for  this  Infertion. 

To  the  Right  Hon.  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
SPEAKER  of  the  Houje  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

My  Lordy  Hertford^  Noltt  15,  1647. 

*  I  Rendezvoufed  this   Day  three  Regiments   of  General  Fair 
«  1   Foot  and  four  of  Horfe,  viz.  of  Horfe,  ^. 

'own    Regiment,    Col.  Rich's,    Col.  FItftwo0d's9 
6  and  Col.  Twijlcton's ;  and  of  Foot,  my  own  Re- 

*  giment,  Col.  Pride's^  and  Col.  Hammond's.  \Vhen 
4  they  appeared  all  at  the  Place  of  Rendezvous,  I 
'  tendered  to  them,  and  had  read  at  the  Head  of 
c  every  Regiment,  this  inclofed  Paper,  which  was 

*  very  acceptable  to  them,  and  to  which  they  have 

*  given  very  full  and  ready  Concurrence,  profeffing 

*  Readinefs  to  ferve  you  and  the  Kingdom  ;  which 

*  I  hope  will  be  conftantly  and  honeftly  by  them 

*  performed ;  and  I  can't  but  attribute  great  Ac- 
*•  knowledgment  to  Almighty  God,  in  making  thefe 
4  poor  Men   fo  unanimous,  in   fuch  Things  as  I 
4  think  do,  and   will,  conduce  to  an  happy  Settle- 
1  ment  of  this  poor  Kingdom. 

4  They  profefs  likewife  an  abfolute  Submiflion 
'  and  Conformity  to  the  antient  Difcipline  of  the 

*  Army,  by  which  I  hope  to  order  it  to  your  Sa- 

*  tisfaclion ;  there  came  thither  alfo  two  Regiments 

*  without  Orders,  viz.  Col.  2farrifan's9  of  Horfe; 

*  and  Col.   Lilburni^  of  Foot.     Thefe  two  had 
e  been  very  much  abufed  and  deluded  by  the  Agents 
1  who  had  their  Intercourfes  at  London^  and  were 

*  fo    far   prevailed  withal,   that,  when  they  came 

*  into  the  Field,  they  brought  with  them,  in  their 
c  Hats,  a  Paper,  commonly  called,  Tbf  Agreement  of 
'  the  People^  being  very  much    inflamed   towards 
c  Mutiny  and  Diibbedience ;  but  truly  I  perceived 

*  the  Men  were  merely  cozened  and  abufed  with  fair 
'  Pretences  of  thofe  Men  which  ailed  in  the  London 

2  <  Councils  ; 

334  *£be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An-  *3  Car.  I.   *  Councils  j  for  Col.   Harrifori's  Regiment  was  no 

L  ^ f    *  fooner  informed  of  tneir  Error,  but,  with  a  great 

November.      *  deal  °f  Readinefs  and  Chearfulnefs,  they  fubmit- 

*  ted  to  me,  expreffing  the  fame  Affection  and  Re- 

*  folution  of  Obedience  with  other  Regiments  ;  and 

*  I  believe  you  will  have  a  very  good   Account  of 

*  them  for  Time  to  come.     As  for  Col.  Lilburnis^ 

*  they  were  put  into  thofe  Extremities   of  Difcon- 

*  tent,  that  they  had  drawn  away  almoft  all   their 

*  Officers  ;  and  came  in  marching  up  near  to  the 

*  Rendezvous,  contrary  to  the  Orders,  the  chief- 
'  eft  Officer  with  them  being  a  Captain-Lieutenant, 

*  whom  I  have  fecured  on  purpofe  to  try  him  at  a 

*  Council  of  War  ;  and,  for  Example  Sake,  drew 

*  out  divers  of  the  Mutineeers,  three  whereof  were 
'  prefently  tried  and  condemned  to  Death  ;  and,  by 
'  Lot,  one  of  them  was  fhot  to  Death  at  the  Head 

*  of  the  Regiment,  and  there  are  more  in  Hold  to 
'  be  tried.     I  do  find  the  fame  Regiment  likewife 

*  very  fenfible  of  their  Error,  and  teftifying  much 
'  feeming  Conformity   to  Commands ;    fo    that  I 
6  doubt  not  but  I  mall  be  able  to  give  you  a  good 
'  Account  of  that  Regiment  alfo.     And  indeed  I 

*  do  fee  that  the  London  Agents  have  been  the  great 
'  Authors  of  thefe  Irregularities,  and  wifli  fome  of 
c  better  Quality  have  not  been  their  Abettors. 

*  Major  Scot  came  to  the  Rendezvous,  and  did 

*  carry  himfelf  very  fa6lioufly  ;  not  only  teftifying 
4  his  own  Difcontent,  but  ftirring  up  others  alfo 
'  to  the  fame  ;  whereupon  I  defired  him  to  with- 
c  draw  out  of  the  Field,  and  repair  to  the  Parlia- 

*  ment ;  and  commanded  an  Officer  to  attend  him 
'  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons. 

'  I  thought  it  my  Duty  to  give  your  Lordfliips 

*  this  further  Account,  that  Colonel  Rain/borough^ 

*  with  fome  others,  tendered  this  inclofed  Petition, 
'  together  with    the    People's   Agreement   annexed 

*  thereunto.     And,  by  what  Hands  I   yet  know 

*  not  fully,  very  many  Copies  of  the  fame  Agree- 
'  ment  were  difperfed  among  the  Soldiers,  thereby 

*  to  engage  them  ;  but,  blefled  be  God,  all  proved 
'  ineffectual  j  and  I  may  repeat  it  once  again,  I 

4  *  never 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  335 

<  never  yet,  upon  any   Rendezvous,  found  Men  An.  23  Car.  r. 
'  better   compofed  and   better  fatisfied   at   parting     t  . *6*7'.^ 
'  than  thefe  nine  Regiments  were  ;  and  I  truft  in     November. 
e  God,  if  a  juft  Care  be  taken  to  anfwer  their  rea- 

*  fonable  Defires,  they  will  ftill  fo  continue :  But 

*  give  me  Leave  to  fay,  that  I  hope,  out  of  a  good 
'  Affection  to  you  and  this  poor  Kingdom,  it  will 

*  be  your  Lordfhip's  Glory  and  Honour  to  make 
«  fuch  Ufe  of  this  Mercy,  as  that  all  the  World 

*  may  fee  that  which  I  know  you  intend,  to  wit> 
'  a  fpeedy  Settlement  of  thofe  Things  that  I  was 

*  bold  to  prefent  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  in  my 

*  late  Addrefles,  and  the  eafing  of  this  poor  King- 

*  dom  of  free  Quarter  ;  by  providing  future  Pay, 

*  that  fo  no  free  Quarter  be  taken,  nor  the  Soldiers 

*  put  to  Shifts,  nor  I  be  unable  to, uphold  the  Dif- 

*  cipline  of  the  Army  ;  that  they  may  be   fatisfied 

*  in  their  Arrears,  according  to  the  former  Defires, 
'  and  the  Act  of  Indemnity  made  full,  and  thofe 
'  other  Things  concerning  the  Soldiers  in  this  Paper 

*  performed. 

'  I  mail  very  much  rejoice  in  the  next  Place, 

*  that  you  will  pleafe  to  anticipate   all  our  Defires 
'  in  thofe  Things  which  concern  the  Settlement 

*  of  the   Kingdom ;  which,   though  they   do   not 

*  move  fo   properly  from  us  as    Soldiers,  yet,  as 

*  Englljbmen^  who  have  engaged  ourfelves  by  our 

*  feveral  Declarations  to  the  Kingdom,  we  cannot 

*  but  continue  our  humble  and  earneft  Defires  that 

*  they  may  be  fettled  to  Satisfaction  ;  and  we  hope 
'  it  will  not  be  any  Regret  to  you  that  we  become 
'  your  Remembrancers   therein ;    and,   my   Lord, 

*  believe  me,  you  will  find  Expedition  will  be  the 
'  Life  of  all  the  Things  which  concern  the  Soldiers 
4  and  the  Kingdom. 

*  We  fhall  have  our  other  Rendezvous  with  what 

*  Convenience  may  be,  of  the  Ifiue  of  which  you 

*  (hall   receive  a  fpeedy  Account.     There  be  four 

*  Regiments    of  Horfe,  one  in    Wales,    viz.    Col. 

*  Hattons\  Col.    Scroop* s9    in   Somer let/hire  ;    Col.  » 
'  Tomltn^s^    in    Lincolnjhire ;    Col.    Tbornbagb's,    in 

'  Nottingbamjhirc;  of  which  I  have  very  good  AiTu- 

'  ranees 

2  $6  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  «  ranees  that  they  will  be  very  faithful  and  obedient 
i__*  *7!  j  '  to  you  and  the  Difcipline  of  the  Army.  Having 
November.  '  troubled  you  thus  much,  I  reft 

Tour  Lord/hip's  mojl  bumble  Servant, 


To  his  Excellency  Sir  THOMAS  FAIRFAX,  out- 
noble  General^ 

TJje  HUMBLE  PETITION    of  many  Officers   and 

Soldiers  under  his  Command, 

*  '~t  "  HAT,  in  Judgment  and   Confcience,    we 
'     J.      engaged  in  War  againft    the   King  under 

*  your    Excellency's    Command,   to    prefefve   and 

*  vindicate  the  Freedom  of  our   native   Countries, 

*  and  of  the  Parliament  in  order  thereunto  : 

4  That,  by  the  Blefling  of  God,  all  thofe  Our 
'  Enemies  are  fallen  or  fled  before  us  ;  that,  foi 
'  the  fame  Ends,  for  our  Rights,  and  for  our  Ser- 

*  vices,  we  were  forced  to  hazard  ourfelves  in  dif- 
'  puting  the  Parliament's   Commands  ;  and   thofe 

*  our  Oppofers  have  likewife  been  fubdued  : 

c  That  the  Countries  have  petitioned  your  Ex- 
'  cellency  to  procure  the  long  expected  Settlement 
'  of  their  Freedoms : 

'  That  we  have  waited  many  Months  for  the 
'  fecuring  to  us,  and  all  the  free-born  People,  their 
c  native  Rights,  and  for  our  Indemnity  and  Arrears 
'  as  Soldiers  ;  and  our  Hearts  bleed  to  fee  our 

*  Country  confumed  under  continued   Diftra6ticns 
'  and  heavy  Oppreffions  : 

'  That  we  fee  no  Hope  of  Indemnity  of  us  and 

*  our  Affiftants,  nor  of  fettling  the  Foundations  of 

*  Freedom,  but  by  entering  into  this  Agreement  (c} ; 

*  which  we  herewith   offer  unto  your  Excellency, 

*  defiring  your  Concurrence  therein  : 


(e)  In  the  Margin  of  the  Lords  Journal's  in  this  Entry,  *  The 
'  Peeflis  Engagement  was  annexed  to  this  Petition,  with  thefe  Words 
4  printed  on  the  back  Side,  in  Capital  Letters,  vix.  ENGLAND'S 

«  FREEDOM,  SOLDIER'S  RIGHTS.'  But  we  find  ro 

Copy  of  it  there,  aor  in  any  of 

^ENGLAND.  337 

'  That  we  have  feen  and  felt  the  fad  Confe-  An.  23  car.  I. 
quences    of  being  divided  and  fcattered,  before  t     J-l6*Il    y 
our  native  Freedoms  were  fettled,  and  our  Ar-      November, 
rears   fecured,  aiid  fuch  a  Way  eftablifhed  for 
conftant  Pay  that  we  may  know  where  to  receive 
it  monthly  without  fail  : 

'  That  we  are  bound  in  Confciencfej  from  the 
Senfe  of  our  Duty  to  our  native  Country,  and  in 
Mercy  to  ourfelves,  to  keep  together  with  our 
Swords  in  our  Hands,  to  maintain  thefe  our 
Freedoms,  for  which  the  Parliament  firft  invited 
us  to  take  Arms  ;  to  fee  our  Arrears  and  Pay  fe- 
cured, and  our  dear  Country  freed  from  thefs  in- 
tolerable Burdens. 

4  May  it  therefore  pleafe  your  Excellency  to  go 
on,  in  owning  and  leading  us  in  Maintenance  of 
this  our  Caufe,  to  the  Righteoufnefs  whereof  God 
hath  born  fuch  clear  Witnefs  ;  and  in  the  Profe- 
cution  of  thefe  Things,  we  humbly  defire  to  live 
and  die  under  your  Excellency's  Conduct.' 

After  reading  all  thefe  Papers,  the  Lords  refol- 
ved  to  have  a  prefent  Conference  with  the  Com- 
mons thereupon.  A  Committee  being  appointed 
accordingly,  the  Earl  of  Northumberland  reported 
the  Heads  to  be  offered  at  the  Conference ;  which* 
being  read  and  confidered,  were  approved  of  as 
follows,  viz. 

1  That  a  Letter  of  Thanks  be  written  to  the  A  Conference  , 
General  from  both  Houfes,  defiring  the  Con- 
tinuance  of  his  Care  to  fee  exemplary  Juftice  done 
upon  thofe  who  fhall  have  raifed  or  (hall  endea- 
vour to  raife  Mutinies,  and  faclioufly  to  fubvert 
the  Order  and  good  Government  of  the  Army  ; 
and  a  Committee  of  both  Houfes  to  prepare  the 

'  That  a  fpeedy  Courfe  may  be  taker!  to  give 
fome  prefent  Satisfaction  to  the  Army  in  their  Pay, 
and  fuch  a  Settlement  of  Pay  to  them  for  the  fu- 
ture, that  the  Kingdom  may  not  continue  under 
the  Burden  of  free  Quarter,  nor  the  Soldiers  be  put 
to  Shifts. 

VOL.  XVI.  Y  <  That 

338  tfhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23.  Car.  I.  «  That  fome  real  Satisfaction  may  be  given  to 
t  l6*7'  j  the  Army  in  refpect  of  their  Arrears  j  and  the  Act 
November.  °^  Indemnity  to  be  made  full. 

'  That  there  may  be  a  Committee  of  both 
Houfes  appointed  to  examine  the  Proceedings  of 
thofe  London  Agents,  mentioned  in  the  General's 
Letter,  and  all  others  who  are  known,  or  {hall  juftly 
be  fufpectedj,  to  have  been  the  Authors  and  Abettors 
of  thefe  feditious  Irregularities,  whereupon  fome 
exemplary  Juftice  may  be  done :  And  becaufe 
Col.  Raimborough  and  Major  Scot,  Members  of  the 
Houfe  of  Commons,  are  named  in  the  General's 
Letter  to  have  acted  in  this  Bufmefs,  to  defire  that 
Houfe  to  take  it  into  their  Care  fo  to  proceed  with 
them,  as  may  conduce  to  the  Safety  of  this  Kingdom, 
and  the  Prefervation  of  this  prefent  Government. 

'  That  Col.  Rainjborougb,  who  is  named  in  the 
General's  Letter  to  have  been  active,  with  others, 
at  this  Rendezvous,  may  not  be  fuffered  to  go  to 
Sea  till  this  Bufmefs  be  fully  examined  (d). 

'  That  for  the  Satisfaction  of  the  Kingdom  and 
Army,  and  to  difcharge  ourfelves  of  the  Duty  and 
Truft  that  lies  upon  both  Houfes,  a  fpeedy  Courfe 
may  be  taken  and  profecuted  to  quiet  the  prefent 
Diffractions,  and  to  fettle  the  Peace  of  the  King- 

Refolutiens  of  A  MefTage  was  brought  up  from  the  Houfe  of 
SHtoU[heSe'.Commons  by  Sir  Walter  Erie,  and  others,  with  the 
curing  of  the  following  Refolutions,  to  all  which  the  Lords  gave 
Ki»g's  perfon.  their  Concurrence  : 

1.  «  That  the  fecureft  Place  for  the  King's  Re- 
fidence,  during  the  Time  the  Houfes  fhall  think  fit 
to  continue  him  in  the  Ifle  of  Wight,  is   Can/brook 

2.  c  That  no  Perfon  who  hath  been  in   Arms, 
or  aflifted  in  this  unnatural  War  againft  the  Parlia- 
ment, be  permitted  to  come  or  remain  in  the  faid 
Ifle  during  the  King's  Refidence  there,  unlefs  they 
be  Inhabitants  of  the  Ifle,  and  have  compounded 
with  the  Parliament. 

3.  «  That 

(d)  Appointed  Vice-Admiral  of  the  Fleet  about  two  Months  be- 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  t>.  339 

3.  '  That  no  Perfon  who  hath  been  in  Arms,  An.  23  Car.  t. 
br  aflifted  in  this   unnatural  War  againft  the  Par-         **47. 
liament,  {hall  be  permitted  to  come  into  the  King's  ^ "  ,     "' 
Prefence,  or  into  any  Fort  or  Caftle  in  the  faid 

Ifle,  during  the  King's  Refidence  there,  altho'  he 
be  an  Inhabitant,  and  hath  compounded  with  the 

4.  '  That  no  Stranger,  or  Perfon  of  a  foreign 
Nation,  fhall  be  permitted  to  come  into  the  King's 
Prefence   without   Directions   of  both  Houfes  of 
Parliament,  except  fuch  as  have  Warrant  from  the 
Parliament  of  Scotland,  or  from  the  Committee  of 
that  Parliament  thereunto  authorifed,  and  are  not 
difabled  by  the  Propofitions  agreed    on  by  both 

5.  c  That  a   fufficient  Guard  be  appointed  by 
Col.  Hammond,   Governor  of  the  faid  Ifle,  for  fe-*> 
curing  the  King's   Perfon  from  any  Violence,  and 
preventing  his  departing  the  faid  Ifle  without  the 
Directions  of  both  Houfes. 

6.  '  That   the  King's  Houfhold   at  Hampton- 
Court  be  forthwith  diflblved; 

7.  '  That  the  Members  of  both  Houfes,  that  are 
of  the  Committee  of  both  Kingdoms,  do  acquaint 
the  Scots  Commiflioners  that  the  Propofitions  a- 
greed  on  by  both  Houfes,  to  be  prefented  to  the 
King  for  fettling  a  fafe  and  well-grounded  Peace^ 
are  ready  ;  and  that  the  Houfes  have  refolved   to 
fend  them  to  the  King  on  Monday  next ;  that  the 
Houfes  will  be  ready  to  join  with  the  Commiflioners 
of  Scotland  to  infift  on  the  fame  Things   for  the 
Peace  and  Intereft  of  that  Kingdom,  as  were  for- 
merly propounded   in  Behalf  thereof   in  the   late 
Propofitions  of  both  Kingdoms  ;  or,  if  any  Altera- 
tions in  Behalf  of  that  Kingdom  be  thought  fit,  the 
Houfes  do  defire  they  may  be  prepared  arid   per- 
fected within   the  Time  before-mentioned  ;    that 
fo  no  Time  may  be  loft  for  the  joint  fending  of 
fuch  Things  to  the  King  as  (hall   be  agreed  on 
for  the  Intereft  and  Peace  of  the  Kingdoms  re* 

Y  4 

34°  *fbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  i\  Car.  I.       November  17.  The  Remonftrance  from  the  Ge- 

^     *  47'        neral,  &c.  mentioned  in  Yefterday's  Proceedings, 

November      was  rea(^'    This  Remonftrance  is  not  in  Mr.  Rujh- 

vuorth's  Collefiions ;  nor  do  we  meet  with  it  any 

where  but  in  the  Lords  ^Journals. 

A  REMONSTRANCE  from  his  Excellency  Sir 
THOMAS  FAIRFAX  and  his  Council  of  War •, 
concerning  the  late  Difcontent  and  Diflraftion  in 
the  Army ;  with  his  Excellency's  Declaration  of 
himfelf,  and  Expectation  from  the  Army  thereupon^ 
for  the  future  uniting  of  the  Army. 

Hertford,  Nov.  14,  1647. 

*om^«eftrSnCe'  HTHAT  ever  fmce  the  Engagement  of  the 

Fairfax,  touch-  *     -»•     Army  at  Newmarket-Heath,  his  Excellency, 

ing  the  late  Mu- «  with  the  General  Officers  and  General  Council 

Army!  th?        '  °^ the  Army,  (to  which  that  Engagement  refers) 

'  have  been   doing  their  Duty  and  beft    Endea- 

'  vour  for  the  Good  of  the  Army  and  Kingdom, 

'  according  to  the  Ends  of  that  Engagement,  and 

*  the  Declarations  and  other  Papers  that  have  fmce 
4  patted  from  the  Army. 

'  And  in  this,  according  to  their  Confciences  and 
'  the  beft  of  their  Understandings,  they  have  done 
'  the  utmoft  they  could,  without  prefent  Deftruc- 

*  tion  to  the  Parliament ;  which,  in  their  Opinions, 

*  would  inevitably   have    put    the   Kingdom    into 
4  Blood  and  Confufion,  and  fo  both  the  Army  and 

*  Kingdom  into  an  Incapacity,  or  paft  all  rational 

*  Hopes  of  obtaining  or  enjoying  that  Satisfaction 
4  or  Security  for  which  the  Engagement  was  en- 
'  tered  into  ;  and  if  they  have  neglected  any  Thing 
'  wherein  they  might  have  done  better,  they  have 

*  been  ready,  as  ftill   they  are,   to  be  convinced 
c  thereof,  and  to  amend  the  Default,  and  to  hearken 

*  to  what  any  Man  would  foberly  offer  for  that 
'  Purpofe,  or  to  lead  them  to  any  Thing  better. 

*  That  while  they  have  been  thus  doing  their 

*  Duty,  (befides  many  other  Interruptions  or  Di- 
'  verfions  by  the  Defigns  and  Workings  of  Ene- 

'  mies) 

^ENGLAND.  341 

'  mies)  they  have  of  late  found  the  greateft  Inter-  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  ruption  to    their  Proceedings    by  a   few   Men,         t6*7'    t 
f  Members  of  the  Army  ;   who,  without  any  Au-     November. 

*  thority  or  juft  Call  thereunto  that  we  know  of, 

*  afluming  the  Name  of  Agents  for  feveral   Re- 

*  giments,  have,  for  what  Ends  we  know  not,  ta- 

*  ken  upon  them  to  act  as  a  divided  Party  from  the 
'  faid  Council  and  Army  ;  and   aflbciating  them- 
v  felves  with,  or  rather  (as  we  have  juft  Caufe  to 
'  believe)  given  themfelves  up  to  be  acted  or  guided 
'  by  divers    private  Perfons   that  are  not  of  the 

*  Army,   have  endeavoured,  by  various   Falfhoods 
'  and  Scandals,   raifed  and  divulged  in  Print  and 

*  otherwife,  againft  the  General,   the  General  Of- 

*  fleers,  and  Council  of  the  Army,  to  poflefs  the 
'  Army   and  Kingdom  with   Jealoulles  of  them, 
4  and  Prejudices  againft  them  ;  as  if  they  had  fallen 
4  from  their  Principles,  had  broke  all  their  En- 
c  gagements  and    Declarations,  and   thereby   for- 
'  feited  their  Truft,  and  were  in  their  whole  Pro- 
'  ceedings  falfe  and  treacherous,  both  to  the  Army 
4  and  Kingdoms :  And,  by  thefe  and  Other  Practices, 
'  the  faid  Agents  and  their  Aflbciates  have  laboured 
4  to  make  Parties   and  Factions  in  the  Army,  to 

*  raife  Difcontents,  Mutinies,  andDiforders  therein, 

*  to  divide  the  Soldiers  from  the  Officers,  and  both 
c  Officers  and   Soldiers  among  themfelves,  and  to 
'  withdraw  feveral  Parts  of  the   Army  from  their 

*  Duty  and  Obedience  to  the  General's  Orders, 

*  and  that  in  Things  moft  neceflary  for  the  Safety 
4  of  the  Army  and  Kingdom. 

4  And  thus,  while  they  cauflefly  cry  out  againft 

*  Breach  of  Engagements,  and  dividing  the  Ar- 

*  my,  they  themfelves  have  made,   or  endeavoured 

*  to  make,  the  greateft  Breaches  of  their  Engage- 

*  ments,  and    greateft  Dividing  of  the  Army  that 

*  can  be ;  a  Dividing  moft  truly  contrary  to  the 
4  Engagement ;  a  Dividing    which   is    as  bad  and 
4  deftrudlive  as  Difbanding  ;  even  the  Diflblution 

*  of  all  that  Order,  Combination,    and  Govern- 

*  ment,  which   is   the  EfTence   of  an  Army  ;    and, 

*  under  falfe  and  delufive  Pretences  that  the  En- 

Y   3  '  gagements 

342  'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  c  gagcments  have  been   broken,  they   have  endea- 
1647.         '  voured   really  to  loofen  and  draw  the  Army  ofF 

* vr— - '    «  from   its   former  Engagements,   and  to  draw  it 

November.      «  jnto  new  Engagements,  different  from,  and,   in 
4  fome  Things,  deftrucYive   to,    the    former  ;  and 

*  have  thus  endangered   the    greateft  Forfeiture  of 
'  the  Faith  and  Honour  of  the  Army  that  ever  it 

*  incurred, 

'  And  whilft  they  cry  out  there  is  nothing  done, 

*  they  themfelves  have  made  the  greateft  Obftruc- 

*  tjons  to  the  doing  of  any  Good  to  the  Army  or 
'  Kingdom,  both  in  the  Hinderance  and  Delays  to 
'  our   Proceedings,    and    the   Expence    of   Time 

*  which  their   Workings  have   occafioned,  either 

*  to  have  fatisfied   them  if  it  had  been   poflible, 

*  or  elfe  to  falve  and  quiet  thefe  Difcontents   and 
'  Diftradtions  which  they  have  raifed  in  the  Ar- 

*  my  ;  and  alfo  by  the  Occafions  which   the  Par- 

*  liament  and  Kingdom,  yea  even  our  beft  Friends 
'  in  both,  have  thus  received,  to  difcourage  them 

*  from  Compliance  with,    or  Confidence  in,    an 
'  Army   fo  uncertain,  fo  unfettled,  fo  divided. 

'  For  thefe  Caufes  the  General  hath  thought  fit 
c  to  rendezvous  the  Army,  or  fuch  Parts  of  it  as 

*  are  not  fixed  upon  neceftary  Duty  elfewhere  ;  and 

*  having:,  with  the  Advice  of  his  general  Council, 
c  fent  to.  the  Parliament  more   importunately  than 
«  before,  for  fpeedy  Satisfaction  to  the  Army  in  their 
'  juft  Defires,  efpecially  in  Points  of  Provifion,  for 

*  conftant  Pay  to  avoid  free  Quarter,  and  of  Se- 

*  curity  for  Arrears,  thought  it  beft,  with  the  fame 

*  Advice,  to  difmifs  m,oft  of  the  Officers  and  Agi- 
'  tators  from  the  Head-Quarters  for  a  Fortnight 
c  unto  their   refpective  Regiments,  to  fatisfy   and 
c  compofe  thofe  Difcontents  and  Divifions   which 

*  have  been  thus   raifed   in  them  ;  and  for  Eafe  to 
'  the  Country  and  Accommodation  to  the  Soldiery, 
<  with   refpeft  to  the   Seafon   of  the   Year,  have 

*  thought  fit  to  contract  the  Quarters  of  the  Army 

*  in  three  Brigades,  and  to   draw   them  to  three 
5  feveral  Rendezvoufes,  not  far  from  each  other, 

'  and 

^ENGLAND.  343 

c  and  this  in  order  to  one  general  Rendezvous,  if  An.  23  Car.  I. 
'  there  (hould  be  any  Occafion  ;  and  in  this  the     t    *6*7'    t 
'  feveral  Regiments  of  Horfe  and  Foot  have  been     November,, 
'  appointed  to  conftant  Quarters  in  order  to  thofe 
e  feveral  Rendezvoufes,    taking    them  dire&ly   in 
e  order  as  their  feveral  Quarters  lay  before,  without 

*  any   other  Refpeft  or  Confideration  j  but  even 
^  thefe  Things  the  pretended  Agents  and  their  Af- 

*  fociates  have  laboured  to  pervert,  and  make  Ad- 

*  vantage  of  to  the  aforefaid   Ends  of  Difcontent 
c  and  Diffraction,    and  to  reprefent  the  fame  to 

*  the  feveral   Regiments,  as  done  in  Purfuance  of 
'  the  fame  treacherous  Councils  and  Defigns  which 

*  they  had  before  fuggefted  j  and  what  Good  they 
'  could  not  deny  to  be  in  the  Things,  they  aflumc 
1  to.  themfelves   as   gained  by  their  Procurement, 
'  and  fo  greedily  catch  at  the  fole  Credit  of  it,  as 
'  if  the  General  and  his  Council  (but  for  them)  had 
<  not  done  it  ^  and,  by  Letters  or  Meflages  contra- 

*  dieting  the  General's  Orders,  they  have,  under 

*  fuch    fcandalous  Pretences,  laboured  to  draw  di- 

*  Regiments  from  the  Quarters   and  Rendez- 
<-  vous  to  which   they  were  ordered  unto  the  firft 
'  Rendezvous  near  ifare^  in  a  diforderly  and  con- 

*  fufed  Manner,  to  the  Oppreffion  of  the  Country 
'  and  Difaccommodation   (if  not  Quarrelling  and 
'  Diftra&ion  of  the  Soldiery)  in  quartering. 

'  That,  without  Redrefs   of  thefe  Abufes   and 

*  Diforders,  his  Excellency  cannot,  nor  will,  any 

*  longer  undergo  or  undertake  further  to  discharge 
'  his  prefent  Truft  to  the   Parliament,  the  Army 
'  and  Kingdom  :  And  tho'  he  is  far  above  any  fuch 
e  low  Thoughts  as  to  court  or  woo  the  Army  to 
'  continue  him   their  General  v  yet,  to  difcharge 

*  himfelf  to  the  utmoft,  and  to  bring  the  Bufmefs  to 
'  a  certain  and  clear  ifTue,  his  Excellency  doth  now 
'  declare,  That  he  is  yet  willing  to  adhere  to,  and  to 
'  conduct,  and  live  and  die  with,  the  Army,  in  the 

*  lawful  Profecution  of  thefe  Things  following  : 

Flrjl  for  -the  Soldiery:  i.  '  To  obtain  prefent 
'  Provifion  for  conftant  Pay,  while  continued,  to 
4  enable  them  to  difcharge  Quarters. 

Y  4  2.  «  The 

'The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

2.  *  The  prefent  ftating  of  Accounts,  and  Se-» 
*  curity  for  Arrears  ;  with  an  effectual  and  fpeedy 
jJpvember.      *  Courfe  to  raife  Monies  thereupon. 

3.  '  Sufficient  Indemnity,  and  Commiflioners  in 
«  every  County  for  that  Purpofe. 

4.  *  Provifion    for   maimed    Soldiers,    and   the 
«  Widows  and  Orphans  of  Men  {lain  in  the  Ser- 
'  vice  ;  and  that  in  a  certain  and  more  honourable 
'  Way,  with  Commiffioners  in  every  County  for 
?  that  Purpofe. 

5.  '  Provifion   for  Freedom    from  preffing,  ac- 
«  cording  to  the  firft  Petition  of  the  Army. 

6.  '  Provifion  for  Freedom  of  Apprentices  that 

*  have  ierved  in  this  War,  with  the  Penalty  upon 

*  Mafters  refufing  to  give  it. 

*  Secondly^  For  the  Kingdom  :  A  Period  to  be 
'  fet  for  this  prefent  Parliament,  to  end  fo  foon  as 
'  may  be  with  Safety  ;  and  Provifion  thereunto  to 

*  be  made  for  future  Parliaments,  for  the  Certainty 
«  of  their  Meeting,  Sitting,  and  Ending,  and  for 

*  the  Freedom  and  Equality  of  Elections  thereto  ; 

*  to  render  the  Houfe  of  Commons,  as  near  as  may 
«  be,  an  equal  Reprefentative  of  the  People  that 

*  are  to  cleft. 

'  And,  according  to  the  Reprefentation  of  the 

*  Army  of  June   I4th,  to  leave  other  Things  to, 

*  and  acquiefce  in,  the  Peterminations  of  the  Par- 
'•  liament ;  but  to  remind  the  Parliament  of,  and 
'  mediate  with  them  for,  Redrefs  of  the  common 

*  Grievances  of  the  People,  and  all  other  Things 

*  that  the  Army  have  declared  their  Defires  for. 

*  That  upon  his  Excellency's  continued   Con- 

*  junction  in  thefe  Things,  he  expe&s  that,  for 

*  the  particular  Circumftances  of  them,  the  Army 
^  (hall,  according  to   their  aforefaid  firft  Engage- 

*  rricnt,    acquiefce  in  what  fhall  be  agreed   unto 
'  by  the  General  Council  of  the  Army,  to  which 

*  that  Engagement  refers ;  and   for  the  Matter  of 

*  Ordering,  Conduct,  and  Government  of  the  Ar- 
'  my,  that  every  Member  of  it  fhall  be  obfervant  of, 
'  and  fubjeft  to,  his  Excellency,  his  Council  of  War, 

*  and  every  one  to  his  fuperior  Oncers,  according 

*  to 

$f    ENGLAND.  345 

'  to  the  Difcipline  of  War  ;  for  Afiurance  where-  An.  23  Car.  I. 

'  of  he  expels  that  as  many  as  are  farisfied  here-  ^ ' 

'  with,  and  agree  hereunto,  do  feverally  fubfcribe  November. 

*  to  what  is  here  under-written  for  that  Purpofe. 

We  the  Officers  and  Soldiers  of  Regiment 

of  ,  ivhofe  Names  are  hereunto  fubfcribed, 

do  hereby  declare  that  we  are  fatisfied  in  his  Excel- 
lency the  General's  continued  Conjunction  "with  tbe  Ar- 
my, in  the  lawful  Profecution  of  the  Things  hereto- 
fore declared  to  be  prosecuted  for  the  Soldiery  and 
Kingdom  refpettively  j  and,  for  the  particular  Cir- 
cumjlances  of  them,  we  Jhall,  according  to  the  general 
Engagement  of  the  Army  above-mentioned,  acquiefce 
in  what  Jhall  be  agreed  unto  by  the  General  Council 
of  the  Army,  to  which  that  Engagement  refers  ;  and 
for  the  Matter  of  Ordering,  Conducl,  and  Govern- 
ment of  the  Army,  we  Jhall  be  obfervant  of,  and 
Jubjeft  to,  his  Excellency  and  his  Council  of  War, 
and  every  one  of  us  to  our  fuperior  Officers  in  this 
Regiment  and  the  Army,  according  to  the  Difcipline  of 

Signed  by  the  Appointment  of  his  Excellency 
Sir  Thomas  Fairfax  and  his  Council  of  War, 
JO.  RUSHWORTH,  Secretary. 

This  Remonftrance  was  ordered  to  be  fent  down 
to  the  Commons. 

The  Lords  received  another  Letter  from  CoL 
Hammond,  directed  to  their  Speaker; 

From  the  Cajlle  of  Carifbrook, 
My  Lord,  Nov.  16,  1647. 

*  OlNCE   my   laft,  which  gave  your  Lordftiip  Another  Letter 

*  O  an   Account  of  his  Majefty's  being  in  this  from  Col.  Ham. 
'Ifland,  I  have  had   a  Meeting  with  the  Gentry 

*  thereof,  who  have  exprefled  a  great  deal  of  Chear- 

*  fulnefs   in  their  Defires  and  Endeavours  of  pre- 

*  ferving  his  Majefty's  Perfon,  and  their  Obedience 

*  unto  the  Authority  of  Parliament. 

'  I  have 

3  4  6  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

n>  2i36C7ar'  L       '  *  have  al*°  £'ven  Orders,  which  are  diligently 

f'_  '    .    4  obferved,  that   no   Perfons  go  out  of  the  Ifland 

November.      *  without  a  Pafs ;  and  that  no  Boat  bring  over  any 

'  Perfon  whatfoever,  not  belonging  to  this  Ifland, 

*  but  whom  they  caufe  to  be  brought  to  me  to  be 
4  examined  ;  that  I  may  thereby  be  the  better  able 
4  to  preferve  the  King's  Per/on  in  Security,  as  alfo 
4  to  prevent  the  Confluence  of  People  that  other- 

*  wife,  upon  the  Occafion  of  his  Majefty's   Pre- 
'  fence,  would  flock  hither,  to  the  Difturbance  of 
4  the  Peace  of  this  Tfland  ;  which  at  prefent,  thro* 
4  the  Blefling  of  God,  is  in  a  quiet  and   peaceable 

*  Pofture,   having   earneft  Expectations   upon   the 
4  Continuance  of  their  Peace,  by  a  general  Settle- 
'  ment  of  the  Peace  of  the  Kingdom  ;  for  Convey- 
4  ance   of  which   unto    them,    they  look  at  your 
4  Lordfhips  as  the  blefled  Inftruments. 

'  My  Lord,  give  me  Leave  to  acquaint  you 
4  that  the  Accommodations  of  the  King,  at  this 

*  Time,  are  no  ways  fuitable  to  his  Quality  ;  which 

*  makes  me  bold  to  offer  to  your  Lordfhips,  if  it 

*  be  thought  fit,  that  his  ufual  Allowance  may  be 
4  continued  to  him  for  his  better  Provifion   whilft 

*  he  (hall  abide  in  this  Place. 

4  I  fhall  not  further  trouble  your  Lordfhip,  than 
4  to  aflure  you,  that  in  all  things  in  my  Power, 

*  which  may  exprefs  my  Duty  to  you  and  the  King- 

*  dom,  I  fhall  ftudy  to  declare  myfelf, 

My  Lord, 
Tour  Lordjhip's  and  the  Kingdom's 

rnojl  humble  and  faithful  Servant, 


A  Letter,  or  MefTage,  from  the  King  came  at 
the  fame  Time  with  the  former,  but  the  Confidera- 
tion  of  it  was  deferred  to  the  next  Day.  And  it 
was  then  only  ordered  to  be  fent  down  to  the 
Commons,  and  afterwards,  by  a  Committee,  to 


of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  347 

be  communicated  to  t,he  Scots  Commiifioners   ac-  An.  23  Car. 
cording  to  the  Direction  of  it.  L     l647' 

This  Meflage  from  the  King  is  not  entered  in  November, 
the  Journals;  a  Slight  put  upon  his  Majefty  of 
which  we  have  not  hitherto  found  an  Inftance.  It 
is  however  printed  in  Royjlons  Edition  of  the  King's 
Works,  (from  which  Authority  we  give  it)  and 
alfo  in  Mr.  Ru/bworth's  Co/legions.  But  we  find 
nothing  done  upon  it  in  either  Houfe. 

To  the  SPEAKER  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro 
Tempore,  to  be  communicated  to  the  two  Houfes 
of  Parliament  at  Weftminfter,  and  to  the  Com- 
miflioners of  the  Parliament  of  Scotland. 

From  the  IJle  of  Wight  ^  Nov.  17,  1647. 


7JT/5  Majefty  is  confident  that,  before  this  Time,  HisMajefty's 
•*•*  his  two  Houfes  of  Parliament  have  received  the  Meffage  from 
MeJJage  which  he  left  behind  him  at  Hampton-Court  wight*.0 
the  eleventh  of  this  Month  ;  by  which  they  will  have 
underjlood  the  Reafons  tuhith  enforced  him  to  go  from 
thence,  as  likewife  his  conjlant  Endeavours  for  the 
fettling  of  a  fafe  and  well-grounded  Peace  wherefo- 
ever  he  Jhould  be  ;  and  being  now  in  a  Place  where 
he  conceives  bimfe/f  to  be  at  much  more  Freedom  and 
Security  than  formerly,  he  thinks  it  necej/ary  (not  only 
for  making  good  of  his  own  Profejfions,  but  alfo  for 
the  fpeedy  procuring  of  a  Peace  in  thefe  languijhing 
and  dijlrejjed  Kingdoms)  at  this  Time  to  offer  fuch 
Grounds  to  his  two  Houfes  for  that  hffett,  which, 
upon  due  Examination  of  all  Interejis,  may  bejl  con- 
duce thereunto. 

And  bccaufe  Religion  is  the  be  ft  and  chiefeji  Foun- 
dation of  Peace,  his  Majefty  will  begin  with  that  Pa- 

That  for  the  abolijhing  Archbijhops^  Bifhops^  &c. 
his  Majcjty  clearly  profejj'eth  that  he  cannot  give  his 
Confent  thereunto,  both  in  relation  as  he  is  a  Chri- 
fiian  and  a  King  :  For  the  firjl,  he  avows  that  he  is 
fatisfied  in  his  Judgment  that  this  Order  was  placed 

348  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  *3  Car<  *'  in  the  Church  by   the  Apoftles  themfelves ;  and,    ever 
'647-        fmce    their    Time,    hath  continued  in   all  Chriftian 
'     v  Churches  throughout  the  World,  until  this  loft  Cen- 

tury of  Years  ;  and  in  this  Church,  in  all  Times  of 
Change  and  Reformation,  it  hath  been  upheld  by  the 
Wifdcm  of  his  Anceftors,  as  the  great  Preferver  of 
Doflrine,  Difcipline,  and  Order,  in  the  Service  of 
God.      As  a  King)  at  his  Coronation,  he  hath  not  only 
taken  a  folemn  Oath  to   maintain  this  Order,  but  his 
Majefty  and  his  PredeceJJbrs,  in  their  Confirmations 
cf  the    Great  Charter ',    have  infeparably   -woven   the 
Rights  of  the  Church  into  the  Liberties  of  the  reft 
of  the  Subjefts  ;  and  yet  he  is  willing  it  be  provided 
that  the  particular  Bijhops  perform  the  fever al  Duties 
cf  their    Callings,    both   by  their   perfonal  Rejidence 
and  frequent  Preaching  in  their   Diocefes,  as    alfo, 
that  they  exercife  no  Aft  of  Jurifdifiion  or   Ordi- 
nation, without  the  Confent  of  their  Prejhyters  ;  and 
will  confent  that   their   Poivers  in  all  Things  be  fo 
limited,  that  they  be  not  grievous  to  tender  ConJ'ciences  : 
[Wherefore  fmce  his   Majefty  is   willing  to  give 
Eafe  to  the  Confciences  of  others]  (d)  he  fees  no 
Reafon  why    he  alone,  and   thofe   of  his  Judgment, 
Jhould  be  prejjed  to  a  Violation  of  theirs.     Nor  can 
his  Majefty  confent  to  the  Alienation  of  Church  Lands, 
becaufe  it  cannot  be  denied  to  be  a  Sin   of  the  higheft 
Sacrilege  ;  as  alfo,  that  it  fubverts  the  Intentions  of 
fo  many  pious  Donors,  who  have  laid  a  heavy  Curfe 
upon  all  futh  prophane  Violations,  which  his   Majefty 
is  very  unwilling  to  undergo  ;  and  befides   the  Matter 
of  Confciente,  his  Majefty  believes  it  to  be  a  Preju- 
dice to  the  Public  Good,  many  of  his   Subjefls  having 
the  Btnefit  of  renewing  Leafes  at  much  eafeer  Rates, 
than  if  thofe  Pojffefftons  were  in  the  Hands   of  private 
Men  ;  not  omitting  the  Difcouragement  which  it  will 
be  to  all  Learning  and  Induftry,  when  fuch  eminent 
Rewards  Jhall  be  taken  away,  which  now  lie  open  to 
the  Children  of  the  meaneft  Per  fans. 

Yet  his  Majefty,  confidering  'the  great  prefent  Dif- 
tempers    concerning  Church  Difcipline,    and  that  the 


(f)  Thi*  Paflage  is  omitted  in  Mr.  RvfiwrtL's  Ctlltllitnt, 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  349 

Prefbytertan  Government  is  now  in  Practice ;  his  Ma-  A««  *3  Car.  i. 
jejly,  to  efchew  Confufton  as  much  as  may  be,  and  t  *  r' '  , 
for  the  Satisfaction  of  his  two  Houfes,  is  content  November. 
that  the  fame  Government  be  legally  permitted  to 
ftand,  in  the  fame  Condition  it  now  is,  for  three. 
Years  :  Provided,  that  his  Majejly  and  thofc  of  his 
Judgment  (or  any  other  who  cannot  in  Confdence 
fubmit  thereunto)  be  not  obliged  to  comply  with  the 
Prejbyterian  Government,  but  have  free  Practice  of 
their  own  Profejfion,  without  receiving  any  Preju- 
dice thereby  ;  and  that  a  free  Confultation  and  De- 
bate be  had  with  the  Divines  at  Weftminfter,  (twenty 
of  his  Majejly' s  Nomination  being  added  unto  them) 
whereby  it  may  be  determined  by  his  Majejly  and  the 
two  Houfes,  how  the  Church-Government  after  the 
faid  Time  jhatt  be  fettled,  (or  fooner,  if  Differences 
may  be  agreed)  as  is  mojl  agreeable  to  the  Word  of 
God;  with  full  Liberty  to  all  thofe  who  Jhall  differ ^ 
upon  confcientious  Grounds,  from  that  Settlement; 
always  provided,  that  nothing  aforefaid  be  under- 
flood  to  tolerate  thofe  of  the  Popi/h  ProfeJJion^  nor 
the  exempting  of  any  Popi/h  Recufant  from  the  Pe- 
nalties of  the  Laws,  or  to  tolerate  the  public  Pro* 
fejffion  of  Atheifm  or  Blafphemy,  contrary  to  the 
Doclrine  of  the  Apojlles,  Nicene  and  Athanaflan 
Creeds ;  they  having  been  received  by,  and  had  in 
Reverence  of,  all  the  Chrijlian  Churches,  and  more 
particularly  by  this  of  England,  ever  fince  the  Refor- 

Next,  the  Militia  being  that  Right,  which  is  in- 
feparably  and  undoubtedly  inherent  in  the  Crown, 
by  the  Laws  of  this  Nation,  and  that  which  former 
Parliaments,  as  likewife  this,  have  acknowledged  fo 
to  be  ;  his  Majejly  cannot  fo  much  wrong  that  Truft 
which  the  Laws  of  God  and  this  Land  hath  annexed 
to  the  Crown,  for  the  Protection  and  Security  of  his 
People,  as  to  divejt  himfelf  and  Succejfirs  of  the 
Power  of  the  Sword ;  yet  to  give  an  infallible  Evi- 
dence of  his  Defire  to  fecure  the  Performance  of 
fuch  Agreements  as  Jhall  be  made  in  order  to  a  Peace, 
h'u  Majejly  will  confent  to  an  -Aft  of  Parliament^  that 
2  the 

35°  ^be  P&rliamentary  HISTORY 

An-  *1  Car.  I.  fa  whole  Power  of  the  Militia,  both    by   Sea  arid 

v ^J ,    Land,  for  and  during  hii  whole  Reign,  fhall  be  or- 

November.  dered  ar.d  difpofed  by  bis  two  Houfes  of  Parliament^ 
or  by  fuck  Perfons  as  they  Jhall  appoint,  with  Powers 
limited  for  fupprejfmg  of  Forces  within  this  King- 
dom, to  the  Diflurkan.ce  of  the  puhlit  Peace,  and 
again/1  foreign  Invafion  ;  and  that  they  jball  have 
Power,  during  his  f aid  Reign,  to  raife  Money  for  the 
Purpofes  a  f  ore  fend  \  and  that  neither  his  Majejly 
that  now  is,  or  any  other  (by  any  Authority  derived 
only  from  him)  Jhall  execute  any  of  the  faid  P  ewers 
during  his  Majefty's  faid  Reign,  but  fuch  as  Jhall 
afi  by  the  Confent  and  Approbation  of  the  two  Houfes 
t>f  Parliament ;  neverthelefs  his  Maje/ly  intends  that 
all  Patents,  Commijfions,  and  other  Acls  concerning 
the  Militia,  be  made  and  a£ied  as  formerly  ;  and  that 
after  his  Majejly's  Reign,  all  the  Power  of  the  Militia 
Jhall  return  entirely  to  the  Crown,  as  it  was  in  the 
Times  of  Queen  Elizabeth  and  King  James  of  bleffed 

After  this  Head  of  the  Militia,  the  Confedera- 
tion of  the  Arrears  due  to  the  Army  is  not  improper 
to  follow  ;  for  the  Payment  whereof,  and  the  Eafe 
<jf  his  People,  his  Majejly  is  willing  to  concur  in 
any  Thing  that  can  be  done  without  the  Violation  of 
his  Confcience  and  Honour :  Wherefore,  if  his  tws 
Houfes  Jhall  confent  to  remit  unto  him  fuch  Benefit 
out  of  Sequejlrations  from  Michaelmas  lajl,  and 
out  of  Compofttions  that  Jhall  be  made  before  the 
concluding  of  the  Peace,  and  the  Arrears  of  fuch  as 
have  been  already  made,  the  Affiftance  of  the  Clergy, 
and  the  Arrears  of  fuch  Rents  of  his  own  Revenue 
as  his  two  Houfes  Jhall  not  have  received  before  the 
concluding  of  the  Peace,  his  Maje/ly  will  undertake, 
within  the  Space  of  eighteen  Months,  the  Payment 
of  400,000  1.  for  the  Satisfaction  of  the  Army  : 
And  if  thofe  Means  Jhall  not  be  Sufficient,  his  Ma- 
jejty  intends  to  give  way  to  the  Sale  of  Forejl  Lands 
for  that  Purpofe,  this  being  the  public  Debt,  which> 
in  his  Majcjly's  Judgment,  is  firjl  to  be  fatisjied  ; 
and  for  other  public  Debts  already  contracted  upon 


ef   ENGLAND.  351 

Clnirch- Lands,   or  any  other  Engagement ,,   his  Ma-  An«  23  Car- r- 
jejly  will  give  his  Confent  to  fuch  Aft  or  Afts  for     t   I^'  _j 
raiftng  of  Monies  for  Payment  thereof  as  both  Houfes      November. 
Jhall  hereafter  agree  upon,  fo  as  they  lie  equally  laid, 
whereby  his   People  (already  too  heavily  burdened  by 
thefe  late    Dijlcmpers]  may  have   no  more  PreJJures 
upon  them  than  this  abfolute  NeceJJity   requires :  And 
for  the  further  fecuring  all  Fears,  his   Majejly  will 
confent,  that  an  Aft  of  Parliament  be  pajjed  for  the 
difpofing  of  the  great   Offices  of  State,  and  naming 
of  Privy  Counfellors,  for    the   whole  Term    of  his 
Reign,  by  the  two  Houfes  of  Parliament,  their  Pa- 
tents and  CommiJJions  being   taken  from  his   Majejly^ 
and  after   to  return  'to  the  Crown,  as  is  expreffed  in 
'the  Artifles  of  the  Militia.     For  the  Court  of  Ward* 
and  Liveries,  his  Majefly  very  well  knows  the  Con- 
fequence    of  taking   that   away,     by    turning   of  all 
Tenures   into   common   Soccage,   as  well   in  Point  of 
Revenue  to  the  Crown,  as  in  the  Proteftion  of  many 
'of  his   Subjefls,   being  Infants :    Neverthelefs,  if  the 
Continuance  thereof  feem  grievous  to  his  Subjeffs,  rather 
than  he  will  fail  on  his  Part  in  giving  Sutisfaftion, 
he  will  confent  to  an  Aft  for  taking  of  it  away,  fo  as 
a  full  Recompence  be  fettled  upon  his  Majejly  and  his 
SucceJ/ors  in  Perpetuity,  and  that  the  Arrears  now  due 
be    referved   unto    him    towards    the   Payment  of  the 
Arrears  of  the  Army. 

And  that  the  Memory  of  thefe  late  Dijlraftions  may 
be  wholly  wiped  away,  his  Majejly  will  confent  to  an 
Aft  of  Parliament  for  the  fupprejjing  of  and  making 
null  all  Oa'hs,  Declarations,  and  Proclamations  againjl 
both  or  either  Houfe  of  Parliament,  and  of  all  Indift- 
mcnts  and  other  Proceedings  againjl  any  Perfons  for 
adhering  unto  them  ;  and  his  Majejly  propofeth  (as  the 
left  Expedient  to  take  away  all  Seeds  of  future  Dif- 
ferences] that  there  be  an  Aft  of  Oblivion  to  extend  to 
ell  his  Subjects. 

As  for  Ireland  ;  the  Ccjjation  there  is  long  fmce  de- 
termined; but  for  the  future,  all  other  Things  being 
fully  agreed,  his  Majejly  will  give  full  Satisfaction  to 
his  Houfes  concerning  that  Kn^Ttim. 


352  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  And  although  his  Majefly  cannot  confent,  in  Ho- 
l6*?'  nour  and  Jujlice,  to  void  all  hi  sown  Grants  and  Aft  s 
November.  PaJfid  under  his  Great  Seal  fince  the  lid  of  May, 
1642,  or  to  the  confirming  of  all  Atts  and  Grants 
paj/ed  under  that  made  by  the  two  Houfes  ;  yet  bis 
Majejly  is  confident  that,  upon  Perufal  of  Parti- 
culars^ he  Jhall  give  full  Satisfaction  to  his  two 
Houfes,  to  what  may  be  reafonably  defired  in  that  Par- 

And  now  his  Majejly  conceives  that,  by  thefe  bis 
Offers,  (which  he  is  ready  to  make  good  upon  the  Set- 
tlement of  a  Peace)  ht  hath  clearly  manifefhd  his  In- 
tentions, to  give  full  Security  and  Satisfaction  to  all 
Interejls,  for  what  can  juftly  be  defired  in  order  to 
the  future  Happinefs  of  his  People.  And  for  the 
perfefting  of  the.fe  ConccJJions,  as  alfo  for  fitch  other 
Things  as  may  be  propofed  by  the  two  Houfes,  and 
for  fuch  jujl  and  re afonable  Demands  as  his  Majejly 
Jhall  find  necejjary  to  propofe  on  his  Part,  he  earnejlly 
defires  a  perfonal  Treaty  at  London  with  his  tw» 
Houfes,  in  Honour,  Freedom,  and  Safety  ;  it  being, 
in  his  Judgment,  the  mojl  proper,  and  indeed  only, 
Means  to  a  firm  and  fettled  Peace,  and  impojffible 
without  it  to  reconcile  former,  or  avoid  future,  Mifun- 

All  thefe  Things  being  by  Treaty  perfected,  his  Ma- 
jefty  believes  his  two  Houfes  will  think  it  reafonable 
that  the  Propofals  of  the  Army  concerning  the  SucceJJion 
of  Parliaments  and  their  due  Elections,  Jhould  be 
taken  into  Confederation. 

As  for  what  concerns  the  Kingdom  of  Scotland,  his 
Majefty  will  very  readily  apply  himfelf  to  give  all  rea- 
fonable Satisfaction,  when  the  Defires  of  the  two 
Hnufes  of  Parliament  on  their  Behalf,  or  of  the  Com- 
mijfioners  of  that  Kingdom,  or  of  both  joined  together, 
Jhall  be  made  known  unto  him. 

Nov.  1 8.  A  Letter  from  the  Scots  Commiffioners 
was  read,  and  ordered  to  be  taken  into  Confidera- 
tion  the  next  Morning. 



for  the  Right  Honourable  the  &  P  E  A  K  E  R  of  the  An.  7  3  Car.  f. 
Hwfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore.  J647- 

Worce/ler-Hoitfc)  Nov.  16,   1647.        November. 
Right  Honourable, 

Occafion   ic  fo  often  A  Remonftrjnce 

\\7  ^  arC  VCry  f°rry  *kat  Occafion  ic  fo  often  A  Remonftrjn 
V  .  given  to  us  to  complain  that  we  receive  no  from  the  Scots 
nfwer  to  the  Papers  delivered  in  by  us  to  the  35!?S 

'  Anf 

*  Honourable  Houfes,  and  that,  in  all  Defires  made  Propoficions  of 

*  unto  us,  even  in  Matter  of  Common  Intercft  and  Pe»ce>  and  'n~ 

*  greateft  Confequence,  a  fhort  Time  is  limited  and  fonTrrreaty  "" 

*  peremptorily  prefcribed  unto  us  ;  and  we  do  ear-  with  the  King, 

*  neftly  defire  the  Houfes  to  confider  that  it  is  not     • 

*  according  to  the  Cuftom  which  hath  been  formerly 

*  obferved,    nor  is  it  the  Way  to  continue  good 
'  Underftanding  betwixt  the  Kingdoms. 

'  Upon  the  5th  of  this  Inftant  we  wrote  a  Let- 
4  ter  to  both  Koufes,  to  which  we  again  defired  an 
'  Anfwer  upon  the  nth,  when  the  Proportions 
'  were  communicated  unto  us  ;  but  we  have  yet 
«  received  no  Anfwer  at  all  ;  and  hearing,  upon  the 
'  1  2th,  that  his  Majefty  was  gone  from  Hampton- 

*  Court)   we  did  then  defire  to  underftand  from  the 
'  Honourable  Houfes  the  Certainty  thereof,  con- 
'  ceiving  it  very  improper  for  us  to  take  into  Con- 
«  fideration    the  fending   of   Proportions  unto  his 
«  Majefty  until  we  knew  the  Certainty  of  his  De- 
«  parture    from  Hampton-Court  ,    znd    whither   he 

*  was  gone.     Yefternight  late,  and  no  fooner,  we 
<  received   the  Copy  of  a  Letter  from  his  Majefty, 
'  dated  at  Hampton-Court  the  1  1  th  of  this  Inftant, 
'  and  directed  to  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Peers, 

*  to  be  communicated  to  the  Lords  and  Commons 
«  in  the   Parliament  of  England^  and  the  .Commif- 

*  fioners  of  the  Parliament  of  Scotland*  &c.  but  no 
«  Intimation  is  made  unto  us  whither  his  Majefty  is 
«  gone,  in  what  Condition  he  is,  or  how  any  Addrefs 

*  may  be  made  unto  him  ;   all  which  are  moft  ne- 
«  ceflary  to  be  made  known  unto  us  before  we  can 
4  fay  any  thing   of  Propcfitions  to  be  fent  to  the 

*  King  :  Yet,  neverthelefs,  by   Order   from   both 

VOL.  XVI.  Z  *•  Houtes 

354  ^e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  i.  <  Houfes,  it  is  fignified  unto  us    that  they  have  fe- 

^_         | f  4  folvcd  to  fend  Propofttions  upon  Monday  next  to 

November.  '  n's  Majefty,  without  allowing  us  any  competent 
4  Time  to  confidcr  of  the  fame  ;  tho*  (as  upon  the 
4  fhort  View  that  we  have  taken  we  do  perceive^ 
4  there  be  very  many  and  great  Alterations  and 
'  Omiflions  of,  and  Additions  to,  the  former  Pro- 
4  pofitions  agreed  on  by  both  Kingdoms,  and  thofe 

*  Alterations  principally  in  Matters  of  joint  Intereft. 

4  We  have  perufed  his  Majefty's  Letter  from 
4  Hampton  Court,  and  do  think  that  Terrors  being 
4  fuggefted  to  him,  and  Dangers  threatened  to  his 
4  Peribn,  he  had  juft  Caufe  to  look  for  his  own 

*  Safety  and  Prefervation  ;  and  here  \ve  cannot  but, 
4  with  much  Grief,  regret  his  Majefty's  hard  Ufage, 
4  when  we  call  to  Mind  how  he  was  violently  car- 
4  ried  away  from  Holdenby  by  a  Party  of  the  Army, 
4  and  is  now  forced  to  fly  from  amongft  them  for 

*  Prefervation  of  his  Life  ;  certainly  the  Houfes  of 
4  Parliament  cannot   think  but  the   Kingdom    of 
4  Scotland  is  highly  concerned  in  the  Safety   of  his 
4  Majefty's  Perfon,  and  in  Duty  bound  to  ufe  their 

*  beft  Endeavours   to  prevent  his  Ruin  ;  and    we 
4  alfo  hope  therein  to  have  the  Concurrence  of  the 
4  Honourable  Houfes. 

4  It^s  his  Majefty's  own  Defire,  in  his  late  Mef- 
4  fage,  that  he  may  be  heard  with  Freedom,  Ho- 
4  nour,  and  Safety  :  We  do  therefore,  according 
4  to  our  former  Paper  of  the  5th  of  this  Inftant, 
4  earneftly  defire  and  infift  that,  after  fo  many  va- 

*  rious  Tcffings  up  and  down  from  Place  to  Place, 
4  to  the  great  Hazard  of  his  Perfon,   and  Retard- 
4  ment  of  his  fettling  of  an  happy  Peace,   his  Ma- 
4  icfty  may    be  invited    to  come  to   London  with 

*  Safety,    Honour,  and  Freedom,   and  neither  he 
4  nor    his  Parliament  may  be  environed  with  Ar- 
4  mies ;    to  the    end    his  Conceflions,    and    their 
4  Confultations,  being  voluntary  and  free,  all  Dif- 
4  ferences   may  be  ended,  and  a  perfonal  Treaty 
4  with  his  Majefty  may  be  had,  which,  in  our  Judg- 
4  ment,  is  the  moft  probable  Way,  with  Hope  of 

4  Succefs, 

^    ENGLAND.  355 

*  Succefs,  to  fettle  Religion  and  a  laiting  Peace.    An.  23  Car.  I. 
<  We  are  t      l6*7'     . 

Tour  Lordfiips  bumble  Servants,  November. 



Nov.  20.  Both  Houfcs  were  now  employed  in 
nominating  Sheriffs  for  the  Year  enfuing  :  A  Cu- 
ftom  they  had  annually  kept  for  fome  Years  laft 
paft,  ufurped  from  the  Crown  ;  and  they  exer- 
cifed  it  with  that  Power  and  Authority  as  if  they 
had  done  it  for  Ages,  and  that  there  was  then  no 
King  in  England. 

This  Day  a  Letter   came   from   the  General  to  General  Fairfax 
the  Lords    Committees  of  the  Army,  acqvtainting^"^0^0^ 
them,    That  he    had  ordered  Col.    Hcivfcn    with  city  of  London. 
IOOO  Foot  to  march  and   quarter  in  the  City;  if 
they   did  not  fpeedily  raife   the  Arrears  due  to  the 
Army.     This   Intelligence  alarmed   both  Houfes  ; 
and  the  City   alfo  being    acquainted   with  it    by 
their  Orders,  fet  about  raifms;  their  £hiota  of  thefe 
Arrears,  and  by  far  the  largeft,  with  no  little  Di- 

The  fame  Day  a  Letter  was  agreed  on  by  both 
Houfes  to  be  fen;  to  Sir  Thomas  Fairfax,  in  Anfwer 
to  his  of  the  I5th  Inftant  from  Hertford,  with 
a  proper  Hint  at  the  End  of  it  relating  to  the  laft 
Piece  of  Intelligence.  The  Letter  was  in  thefe 
Words : 


I  Am  commanded,  by  the  Lords  in  Parliament,  A  Letter  of 
to  return  you  Thanks  for  the  great  Care  and  Thanks  to  him 
Faithfulnefs  you  have  exprefled  by  the  feafonable^  l|£  ££'*" 
Suppreffion    of   thofe  mutinous    Perfons,    whofe  prefling  the  lute 
fadtioas  Defigns  might  probably   have  deftroyed  Mutini 
the   good  Difcipline  of  the  Army,  and  likewife Arm>< 
endangered  the  Safety  of  the  Parliament,    with 
the  H.izard  of  the  Subveruon  of  the  Fundamental 
Government  of  this  Kingdom,     They   are  well 
Z  2  «  pleafed 

356  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  43  Car.  I.  <  pleafed  that  fomc  Juftice  hath   been  done  upon 

^__         f  *  thofe  that  appeared  in  Oppofition  to    you ;  and 

November       '  they  defire  you  (till  to  continue  your  Care  to  the 
'  further  Execution  of  exemplary  Puifhment  upon 

*  thofe  who  have,  or  fhall,  endeavour  to  raife  Mu- 
'  tinies,  and  fadlioufly  to  fubvert  the  orderly  Regu- 
'  lation  of  the  Army  ;    and  they  fhall  be   ready  to 

*  improve  their    Intereft  for    Satisfaction  in  thofe 

*  Things  that  may  tend  to  the  Prefervation  of  the 
4  Order  and  Quiet  of  the  Army  j  in  order  to  which 

*  they  have  recommended  to  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons  that  fpeedy  Courfe  may  be  taken  for  the 
'  fatisfying  of  the  Arrears  of  the  Army,  and  for 

*  fuch  a  Settlement  of  Pay  for  the  future,  that  the 
'  Kingdom  may  not  continue  under  the  Burthen 

*  of  free  Quarter,  nor  the  Soldiers  be  put  to  Shifts. 

*  This 'is  that  which  I  have  in  Command  as 

Tour  Excellency 's  Friend,   and  Servant. 

Nov.  22.  Another  Letter  from  the  General  was 

For  the  Right  Honourable  the  Earl  of  MANCHESTER, 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro  Tempore. 

My  Lord,  Windfor,  Nov.  21,  1647. 

His  Letter  tothe  <  T}Y  the  fame  Meffenger  that  brings  Letters  to 
SuaHy  fee"  '  -*-*  >'our  Lordfhip  and  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe 
ring  the  king's  *  of  Commons  from  Col.  Hammond,  I  received 
Perfon  in  the  Ifle  (  another  from  him,  by  which  I  perceive  he  hath 
^  *  not  as  yet  fent  up  thofe  Gentlemen  that  came  to 

*  him  from  rhe  King,    and  were  fent  for  by  the 

*  Parliament.     I  do  not  know  how  far  this  Letter 

*  to  yourfelf,  or  the  Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons,  may  concern  that  Bufmefs,  nor  what  Sa- 

*  tisfaclion  they  may  give  the  Houfes  therein ;  and 

*  therefore  I  have  written  unto  him  to  fend  up  the 

*  Gentlemen  with  all  convenient  Speed,  which  I 

*  am  confident  he  will  accordingly  do  ;  unlefs  the 

*  Houfes  find  fuch  Satisfaction  in  his  Letters  as  to 
'  fignify  their  Pleafure  to  him  fgr  their  Stay. 


ef    ENGLAND.  357 

<  The  King's  being  in  the  Ifle  of  Wight  (whilft  An.  23  Car.  I. 
the  Houfes  think  fit  he  fhould  be  continued  there)         l64_7' 
will  neceffarily  require  fome  Strength   to  be  fcnt     November. 
over  to  Col.   Hammond,   both  for  the  better  fecu- 
ring  the  King's  Perfon,  and  for  ftrengthening  the 
Ifland,  to  prevent  any  Confluence  of  fuch  Per- 
fons  there   as  may  breed   Danger  to  the  King- 
dom ;    for  which,    in    my  Opinion,  the  Ifland, 
and  the  King's  being  in  it,  yield  too  great  Op- 
portunity, if  not  prevented  by  a  fufficient  Strength 
to  fecure  the  Caftles  and  landing  Places  therein. 

'  I  remain 

Your  Lor  drip's  mojl  humble  Servant ', 


The  Letter  from  Col.  Hammond,  directed  to  the 
Speaker  of  the  Houfe  of  Lords,  was  next  read. 

CariJbrook-Caftle,  Nov.   19,   1647. 
My  Lord, 
'  '"I""*  HIS  Morning  I  received,  by  the  Hands  of  Another  from 

'     JL     a  MefTenger  from  the  General,  a  Paper  of  CoL,  Hammon^ 
,  TT-  j  T>    r  i      •  r  L     i_   TT      r        r  rT    i-      on  the  fame  Sub- 

'  Votes  and  Refolutions  of  both  Houfes  of  Parha-jea. 

e  ment,  bearing  Date  Die  Martis,  Nov.  16,  1647, 
'  relating  to  the  Security  of  his  Majefty's  Perfon  ; 
'  which  although  they  came  not  to  me  with  Direc- 

*  tions  from  the  Houfes,  yet  I  thought  it  my  Duty 
'  to  take  Notice  of  them,  by  what  Hand  foever  re- 

*  ceived,  as  their  Commands,  and   accordingly   to 

*  fee  them  put  in  Execution. 

'  As  concerning  that  Vote,  not  permitting  fuch 
«  as  have  been  in  Arms,  or  afiifted  againft  the  Par- 
'  liament,  to  come  into  this  Ifland,  it  tending 
'  much  to  the  Security  of  his  Majefty's  Perfon, 
'  and  the  preferving  the.  Peace  of  this  Ifland  ;  I 
'  have,  as  I  acquainted  your  Lordmips  in  my  lad 

*  Letter,  before  I  received  thefe  Votes,  given  Or- 
'  ders  to  that  Efre£t,    which  are   carefully  put  in 
'  Execution  ;    commanding   all    Mailers  of  Boats 
c  belonging  to  Hampjhire  and  this  Ifland,  that  they 

*  land   neither  Perfons  nor  Goods  in  any  Part  -of 

Z  3  «  this 

3  5  8  *Tbe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  zj  Car. I.*  this  Ifland,    fave  only    Yarmoulb-CoJlle^    Comes- 

l647-         <  Cajile,  and  £•/<&,  at  which  Place  I  nave  alfo  ap- 

.,  '  pointed  a  Guard  ;  to  whom  Order  is  given,  as  to 

4  the  ether   two  Caflles,   for   the  examining  of  all 

*  Pcrfons  fo  landing,  and  to  detain  and  fecure  any 
'  that  cannot  give  a  very  good  Account  of  them- 
4  felves  and  their  Bufinefs. 

c  As  concerning  your  Lordfhips  other  Votes, 
c  now  they  are  come  to  my  Hands,  I  {hall,  with 

*  the  beft  of  my  Endeavours,  fee  them  put  in  Exe- 

*  cution. 

*  My  Lord,  Ycfterday  there  came  to  me  an  Of- 
'  ficer  belonging  to  the  Sergeant  of  the  Houfe  of 
4  Commons,  with  particular  Warrants  for  the  ap- 
4  prehending  and  bringing  up  in  fafe  Cuftody  the 

*  Perfons  of  Mr.    John  ^fnburnbam^  Mr.   f William 
4  Legge,  and  Sir  John  Eerk/ey,  who  came  hither  with 
'  the  King.     The  faid  Warrants  required  my  Af- 
4  fiftance  to  him  in  the  Execution  of  them,  but 
'  with  no  other  to  me  from   either  or  both  Houfes 

*  to  that  Purpofe  :    And  finding  the  Matter  to  be 
4  of  very  great  Importance,  I  have  defired  the  Mef- 

*  fenger  to  forbear  the  Execution  of  his  faid  War- 
4  rants  till  I  have  given  the  Houfes  to   underftand 
4  th;  t,  in  cafe  the  faid  Warrants  {hould  be  ferved 
4  and  put  in  Execution,  it  would  be  impoflible  for 
4  me  to  anfwer  the  Expectations  and  Commands 
4  of  Parliament,    in  preferving  the  Perfon  of  the 
4  King  in  Security,  to  be  difpofed  by  them,  unlefs 
4  I  fliould  keep  him  clofe  Prifoner  ;  which  is  a  Bu- 
4  finefs  of  that  Nature,  that  it  is  neither  fit  nor  fafe 
4  for  me  to  do,  efpecially  for  myfelf. 

4  The  Grounds  from  whence  I  gather  this  are 
4  plainly  thus  :  The  King  hath  declared  himfelf  to 
4  me,  That  he  came  from  Hampton-Court  for  no 
4  other  C-iufe  but  for  the  Prefervation  of  his  Per- 
4  fon  ;  which  was,  as  he  apprehended,  in  fuch 

*  Danger,  that  he  could  not,  with  Safety,  continue 
4  longer  there  :  That,  if  he  could  have  been  there 
4  with  Safety,    he  would  not   have  parted  thence, 
4  nor  from  the  Army  ;  and  that  he  chofe  this  Place 
4  rather  than  any  other,  when  he  was  at  Liberty 

*  to 

^ENGLAND.  359 

*  to  have  gone  whither  he  pleafed,   that  he  might  An-  *3  Car.  I. 
4  ftill  continue  under  the  Protection  of  the  Army,     v    j6*7;    t 

4  myfelf  beins;  a    Member    thereof;    and  that  he     November. 

*  might  have  Conveniency  of  free  Intercourfe  be- 

*  tween  himfelf  and  the  Parliament  for  the  Settle- 

*  ment  of  a  general  Peace  ;  to  which  he   profefles 

*  greater  Inclinations  and  Defires  than   ever,  and 

*  that  there  fh.ill  be  nothing  wanting  on  his  Part 

*  that  may  be  reafonabl  /  expected  from  him. 

*  He  further  faith,  That,  in  cafe  thefe  Gentle- 
4  men  be  taken  from  him,  and  punifhed  as  evil 
4  Doers,  for  counfelling  him  not  to  go  out  of  the 
4  Kingdom,  but  rather  to  come  to  a  Place  where 
'  he  now  is,  for  the  Ends  aforefaid,  and  for  their 
4  endeavouring  accordingly  in  attending  him  hi- 

*  ther,  he  cannot  but  himfelf  expect  to  be  dealt  with 
4  accordingly,  his  Cafe  being  the  fame. 

4  My  Lord,  I  (hall  further  let  you  know  that, 
4  fcefides  the  Care  I  {hall  always  have  of  thefe  Gen- 
4  tlemen,  they  have  engaged  their  Honours  not  to 
4  depart  from  me,  fo  that  I  am  moft  confident  of 

*  their  Security.     And  truly,  were  not  their  Ends 
4  the  fame  with  their  Pretences   in  relation  to  the 
4  Peace  of  this  Kingdom,    I   am  confident   they 

*  would  never  have  ad vi fed  nor  conducted  the  King 
4  to  this  Place.     Befides,  were  they  at  this  Time 
4  removed  from  the  King,  there  would  be  none  left 
4  for  his  Attendance  j  which  befides  the  Offence, 
4  how  great  the  Inconvenience  would  be  to  himj 
4  your  Lordftiips  cannot  be  ignorant. 

4  And"  further  give  me  Leave  to  add,  if  fo  un- 
4  worthy  a  Servant  of  your  Lordfhips  as  I  am,  and 

*  that  which  concerns   my  Honour,   were  at    all 
4  worthy  your  Confideration,  whether  it  would  not 
4  mnch  refle6t  upon  me,  in  Cafe  thefe  Gentlemen 
4  fhould  be  thus  removed  from  hence  ?  The  King 

*  and  themfelves    have   freely    thrown  themfelves 

*  upon  me  for  Safety  ;   upon   Confidence,  as  they 
4  pleafe  to   fay,  of  my  Honour  and  Honefty,  and 

*  the   Satisfaction  they  expedt  it  would  have  given 
4  the  Parliament,  the  King  being  neceifitated  to 

*  re'move. 

Z  4  *  My 


An.  23  Car.  I. 



The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

t  jyry.  Lor(^  my  Duty  to  you  and  the  Kingdom, 
whofe  Good  and  Peace  I  moft  defire,  and  (hall 
moft  faithfully  endeavour,  calls  for  this  Account  ; 
which,  with  niyfelf  and  thefe  Gentlemen,  I  leave 
to  your  Lordfhip's  Confidcration  ;  with  this  Con- 
clufion,  That  whatever  is  commanded  by  Autho- 
rity, efpecially  that  of  the  Parliament,  though 
never  fo  contrary  to  my  Senle  or  Honour,  (hall 
never  be  difobeyed  by, 


Tour  Lord/hip's  moft  faithful 

and  humble  Servant, 

P.  S.  *  Since  the  Conclufion  of  my  Letter,  I 

*  received  the  Letter  and  Votes  of  both  Houfes,  of 
<  the  1  6th  prefent,  which  {hall  be  carefully  put  in 

*  Execution.' 

The  Scots  Commiflioners  had  not  given  their 
miffioncr*  ref™e  Aflent  yet  to  the  Propofitions  to  be  fent  to  the 
their  Affent  to  Kine,  on  account  of  the  Houfes  not  giving  them 
fitiow  any  Satisfaction,  in  regard  of  the  Indignities  and 
Affronts  they  had  complained  of,  The  Lords, 
therefore,  this  Day,  took  their  Letter  of  the  i6th 
Inftant  into  Confederation  ;  and,  after  Debate,  ap- 
pointed a  Committee  to  draw  up  an  Anfwer  to  it, 
according  to  the  Senfe  of  that  Houfe.  Soon  after 
t'lis  Anfwer  was  read  and  approved  of,  and  was  or- 
dered to  be  fent  down  to  the  Commons  for  their 

NOV.  25.  The  Scots  ftill  refufing  to  give  their 
Confent  to  the  Propofitions,  a  Committee  of  Lords 
and  Commons  were  fent  to  prefs  them  to  it  ;  this 
Pay  it  was  reported  to  the  Lords,  from  that  Com- 
mittee, that  they  had  been  with  the  Scots  Com- 
miflioners, and  had  received,  for  Anfwer,  the  fol- 
lowing Paper  : 


*f    ENGLAND.  361 

WE  are  commanded    by  the  Committee  of  An.  -3  Car- 
Eftates     of   the    Parliament    of     Scotland,  ^       -^ 
to  prefs  an  Anfwer  to  our  former  Papers  which     Noveniber% 
we  have  daily  expected  ;  and  do  again,  with  all 
Earneftnefs,  defire  a  Perfonal  Treaty  with  his  Ma-  TheReifons 
jefty,  it  being,  in  our  Judgments,  a  readier  Way  for  fo  doing. 
to   compofe  all  Differences,  than  the  fending  of 
thefe   Propofitions,  wherein  there  are  fuch  great 
and  eflential  Differences  from  what  was  formerly 
agreed  on  by  both  Kingdoms.     And,  to  the  end 
there  may  be   no    Retardment  on  our  Part,  for 
Purfuance  of  all  good  Means  which  may  procure 
a  happy  Peace,  we  defire  that  we  may  have  a  free 
Conference  with  a  full  Committee  of  both  Houfes, 
where  we  mall  endeavour  to"  give  Satisfaction  of 
the  Expediency  of  qur  Defires  :  And   {hall   alfo 
fhew  the  Difference  of  our  Judgments  from  thefe 
Propofitions,  that,  acccording  to  the  Treaty,  there 
may  be,  with  Advice  and  Content  of  both  Nations, 
a  fpeedy  Agreement  in  that  which  is  the  Founda- 
tion of  fettling  Religion,  with  the  Peace  and  Safety 
of  both  Kingdoms'. 

The  Lords  did  not  then  give  any  Anfwer  to  this 
Pvcmonftrance,  but  appointed  a  Committee  to  con- 
itder  of  fuch  Propofitions  to  be  fent  to  the  King  as 
they  conceived  to  be  abfolutely  neceflary  for  their 
prefent  Security. 

The  fame  Day  the  Lords  fent  the  following 
MefTage  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  :  '  That  they, 
having  ferioufly  confidered  the  Dangers  and  Mif- 
chiefs  that  may  be  brought  upon  the  Kingdom  by 
the  Endeavours  of  thofe  Agents  that  have  former- 
ly and  ftill  do  continue  to  ufe  their  Intereft  for  the 
fubverting  of  tiie  prefent  eftablifhed  Government 
of  the  Kingdom,  do  defire  that  the  Committee 
formerly  appointed  for  the  Examination  of  that 
Bufmefs,  may  have  Power  to  frame  a  Declara- 
tion, fetting  forth  the  dangerous  Confequences 
that  may  come  to  the  whole  Kingdom,  if  not 
prevented  :  And  likewife  to  put  them  into  a  Way 

4  for 

362  ffje  Parliament  dry  H I  s  T  9-  R  Y 

An.  21  Car.  I. for  a  prefent  Puniftiment  and  Suppreflion  of  fuch 
l6*7'        Perfons,  or  writing  of  Books,   or  procuring  Sub- 
November.  '  fcriptions  to  Petitions,  or  be  any  other  Way  active 

in  promoting  fo  deftru£tive  a  Defign.' 

The  Lords  re-         The  Report  from  the  Committee  what  Propofi- 
/olve  upon  four  tions  were  now  abfolutely  ncceflary  for  pt  efent  Se- 
JSJSSriS'cuK^;  was,  That  they  think  the  Propofitions  for 
to  be  offered  to   the  Militia,  with  thofe  for  the  King's  Declarations, 
the  Kfog.         as  alfo  that  Proportion  concerning  Titles  and  Hon- 
ours,  with    another  about  Power  to   adjourn  this 
Parliament  as  both   Houfes  fhould  agree,  may  be 
moft  neceffary  to  infift  upon.  Thefe  being  approved 
on  by  the  Houfe,  the  Lords  thought  fit  to  have  a 
Conference,  the  next  Day,  with  the  Commons,  to 
acquaint  them  with  thefe  Matters,  and  give  them, 
Reafons  for  fo  doing. 

Accordingly  the  next  Day,  Nov.  26,  a  Confe- 
rence was  held  between  the  two  Houfes,  at  which 
the  Lords  offered  the  following  Reafons  : 

'  That  the  King  having  fo  often  defired  to  be 
heard,  and  the  Commiffioners  of  Scotland  fo  often 
prefling  for  a  Perfonal  Treaty,  the  Kingdom  alfo 
long  expecting  to  be  freed  of  their  great  Preffures 
and  Burthens,  by  fome  fpeedy  Settlement  of  the 
Government ;  they  defired  that  the  two  Houfes 
might  do  that  which  fhould  difcharge  their  Duty, 
in  refpecl  of  the  Safety  of  both  Kingdom  and  Par- 
liament, and  yet  not  refufe  to  hear  the  King  in 
fuch  Things  as  might  be  fubje&ed  unto  Debate. 
The  Lords  therefore  propofed  four  Propofitions, 
which  they  then  offered,  as  moft  immediately  con- 
cerning the  Safety  and  Security  of  the  Kingdom 
and  Parliament,  which  being  put  into  Bills,  the 
King  might  be  defired  to  give  his  Royal  Affent  to  ; 
And  a  Perfonal  and  this  being  done  accordingly,  they  did  next  con- 
Treaty  for  the  Ccive  it  to  be  the  moft  fatisfactory  Way,  and  what 
reft*  Was  moft  likely  to  produce  a  fpeedy  Settlement 

of  the  prefent  Diftractions  for  the  Houfes  to  ad- 
mit of  a  Perfonal  Treaty  upon  the  reft  of  the  Pro- 

^"ENGLAND.  363 

Nov.  27.   There  was   no   Report  made  of  the  An.  23  Car.  I. 
Refult  of  this  Conference,  nor  are  the  four  Propofi-        l6*7- 
tions  v^t  entered  in  the  Lords  Journals  \  but  in  thofe     ^     V7 

/  ~> .        rr     '•  .  November. 

of  the  Commons  they  are,  viz.  I  hat  concerning 
the  Militia  :  For  recalling  the  King's  Oaths  and 
Declarations :  Concerning  the  Peers  made  fmce  the  To  which  the 
Seals  was  fuffcptitioufly  carried  away  by  the  then Commons  asrce« 
Lord- Keeper  Littleton  ;  and  that  the  Houfes  (hould 
h:ive  Power  to  adjourn  to  what  Place  they  fhall 
think  fit.  Which  being  put  to  the  Queftion, 
Whether  to  agree  with  the  Lords  in  their  Defires 
concerning  thefe  four  Propofitions  ?  it  was  carried 
in  the  Affirmative  by  115  againft  106.  They 
were  afterwards  ordered  to  be  put  into  Bills  ac- 

Nov..  29.  Very  little  Notice  being  yet  taken  in 
either  of  'the  Journals,  of  the  Impeachment  of  the 
feven  Lords  by  the  Commons,  it  feems  as  if  that 
Houfewere  not  able  to  fupport  their  Charge  againft 
them  ;  for,  on  this  Pay,  we  meet  with  the  follow- 
ing Entry  by  the  Lords  : 

'  Whereas  a   general    Impeachment  hath  been 
«  brought  by  the  Houfe  of  Commons  againft  Theo-  J"^  the Co'm- 
'  philis  Earl  of  Lincoln,  James  Earl  of   Middlefex^  mnns  >o  haften 
<  James  Earl  of  Suffolk,  George  Lord  Berkley,  Francis  their  Prowedinp 

T         i   urs'ii        77      .f*  7     r        j    TT      rj  j   7T/~ir         againft  the  feven 

4  Lord  Wittougbby,  John  Lord  Hunjdon,  and  Ivtlham  impeached  Peers, 

*  Lord    Maynard ;  and   a   Day   appointed   by  the 

*  Lords,  at  the  Defire  of  the  faid   Houfe  of  Com- 

*  mons,   to  profecute  their  Impeachment  :    That 

*  Day  being  now  paft  above  a  Month,  and  nothing 
'  being  done  in  the  further  Profecution  of  the  faid 

*  Impeachment,   the  Lords  confidering  the  danger- 
'  ous  Confequence  of  keeping  the  faid  Peers  under 
'  Reftraint  for  fo  many  Weeks,   without  any  legal 

*  Proceeding  againft  them,  do  order,   that  if  the 

*  Houfe  of  Commons  fhall  not  profecute  their  Im- 
'  peachment  againft  the  aforefaid  Lords,  by  Friday 

*  next,  (3° prox.}  then  their  Lordfhips  will  do  there- 

*  in  according  to  the  uiual  Courfe  and  Proceedings 

*  of  Parliament.' 



A  Petition  from 
the  City  of  Lon- 
don againft  Free 
Quarter,  the  Al- 
terations in  their 
Militia,  and  o- 
ther  Grievances. 

T£e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

To  end  this  Month. — Mr.  JMitlocke,  (a]  obfer- 
ving  upon  the  great  Diffractions  of  thcfe  Times*, 
makes  this  Reflection  :  That,  in  thefe  PafTages, 
Notice  might  he  taken  of  the  ftrange  Workings 
of  God,  and  of  the  perplexed  Condition  the  Par- 
liament was  then  in.  The  Army,  whom  they  had 
raifed,  paid,  arid  commiflioned,  now  mutinying  a- 
gainft  them  ;  r.nd  with  their  Swords  in  their  Hands, 
controuling  and  oppofing  their  Principals  and  Ma- 
tters. The  City,  their  old  Friends,  joint  Actors  and 
conftant  Affiftants  of  the  Parliament  with  their  Lives 
and  Fortunes,  becoming  full  of  Sedition  and  Averfe- 
nefs  towards  them  ;  questioning  their  Integrity,  re- 
proaching and  feeking  to  caft  them  oft.' The 

Truth  of  this  Remark  has  been  much  fhewn  by 
former  Tranfa&ions,  and  will  not  be  lefs  fo  by  thofe 
that  are  to  come. 

December  i .  A  Petition  from  the  City  of  Lon- 
don was  prefented  by  Sheriff  jfvery  and  others,  and 
publickly  read  in  their  Prefence. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  the  LORDS  ajfimbled  in  the 
High  Court  of  Parliament^ 

The  HUMBLE  PETITION  of  the  Lord  Mayor,  Alder- 
men and  Commons  of  the  City  of  London,  in  Com- 
mon Council  affembled, 


THAT  your  Petitioners  do,  with  all  Readi- 
nefs,  acknowledge  the  High  Court  of  Par- 
liament to  be  the  Supreme  Power  and  Judicatory 
of  this  Kingdom,  conftituted  for  the  Defence,  and 
contrived  for  the  Safety  and  Freedom,  of  this 
Nation  ;  unto  whom  all  other  Powers  and  Socie- 
ties of  Men  ought  to  fubmit,  and,  with  their  ut- 
moft  Ability,  to  affift  and  fupport ;  in  whofe 
Well-being,  and  happy  Progrefs,  the  peaceable 
and  flourifning  Condition  of  this  Nation  doth 
principally  confift  ;  the  Contempt  and  Overthrow 

4  of 

(a)  Memeriah,  p.  l8j" 

tf    ENGLAND.  365 

*  of  whofe  Power  and  Authority  cannot  but  be  the  An-  23  Car« 

*  woful  Inlet  to  all  Tyranny  and  Confufion,    the    t      -*7'-v 

*  People's  Slavery,  and  the  Law's  Subverfion.  December. 

fc  And  your  Petitioners  do,  with  all  Thankful- 
c  nefs,  acknowledge  and  remember  the  unwearied 

*  Pains,  inceflant  Labour  and  conftant  Endeavours 

*  of  this  prefent  Parliament,  in  the  common  Caufe 

*  of  God  and  this  Kingdom ;  wherein  (though  the 
4  Enemies  have  been  many  and  great,  their  Op- 
'  portions  ftrong,   their  Councils  deep,  and  their 
<  Difcouragements  not  a  few)  yet,  thro'  the  good 
'  Hand  of  God  upon  them,  with  the  united  Afiift- 
'  ance  of  their  Brethren  of  Scotland,  and  the  well- 
'  affe&ed  People  of  this  Kingdom,  joined  together 

*  in  a  Solemn  League  and  Covenant,  whofe  Lives 

*  and  Treafure,  under  God,  became  their  Bulwark* 

*  (among  whom  this  City,  hath  been  by  you,  often 
4  acknowledged   to   be  Contributors   to  an  ample 
'  Share)  your  Enemies    have   been  difperfed,  their 

*  Councils  broken,  your  Endeavours  crown'd  with 
6  Honour,  and  your  Armies  reft  fuccefsful. 

*  And  though  the  long-defired  Fruits  of  Peace, 
'  of  Freedom  and  common  Juftice,  the  eafing  of 
'  the  People's  Burdens,  and  the  reforming  of  A- 
'  bufes,  have  been  much  obftru&ed  and  retarded 
4  by  the  Neceflities  of  a  long  continued  War,  by 

*  the  fad  Divisions  amongft  all  Orders  and   Socie- 
'  ties  of  Men  in  the  Kingdom,  and  the  Fears  of  ap- 
'  parent    Dangers    and  fudden    Changes    to  arife 
4  thereby,    yet  when  your  Petitioners   look  upon 

*  their   Exemption  from  Monopolies,  and  other  il- 
'  legal  Impofitions ;    the   Deliverances  they  have 

*  had  from  the  Power  and  Tyranny  of  the  Prelates, 

*  and  their  vexatious  Courts  ;  the  demolifhing  of 

*  the   High  Commiffion   and    Star-Chamber;   the 

*  unparallel'd  Benefit  and  Freedom   this  Kingdom 

*  now  enjoys  by   the  Removal  of  the    Court  of 

*  Wards,    whereby   the    Perfons,    the  Pofterities, 

*  and  Eftates  of  the  Subjects  were  fo  much  incum- 
£  beted  and  enthralled  ;  all  which  by  many  are  un- 

*  gratefully  forgotten,   and  caft  out  of  Mind,  and 

*  which,  therefgre,  out  of  Duty,  your  Petitioners 

c  *  have 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  13  Car.  I.  c  jlave  emboldened  themfelvcs  thus  publickly  to  enu- 

.    '  47'    j   *  merate :  they   cannot   chufe  but,  with    renewed 

December.      '  Hopes,    expe£    ere  long   to  fee    the    Kingdom 

'  flourishing,  and  their  Troubles  ended. 

'  And  when  your  Petitioners  do  confider  how, 

*  not    many   Months    ago,    the  whole   Kingdom 

*  feemed  to  be  reduced   to  the  Obedience  of  the 

*  Parliament ;  their  Brethren  of  Scotland  returned 

*  home  with  good  Content ;  the  City  replenimed 

*  again  with  Inhabitants ;  the  Exchange  of  Money 

*  with  foreign  Nations  brought  into  a  good  Medi- 

*  um  ;  Trade  in  a  profperous  Condition  ;  the  Ex- 
c  cife  and  Cuftoms  increafmg  thereby  ;  a  Way  of 

*  Settlement    agreed    upon   by  the  Parliaments   of 

*  both  Nations;  and    all   Things  looking  with  a 

*  Face  of   Quietnefs  and  fweet  Compofure,    they 
c  cannot  but,   with  Grief  of  Heart,  remember  the 

*  unhappy  Difagreement  between   the    Parliament 

*  and  Army,  and  that  late  dangerous  Engagement, 
'  which  as  it  was  fet  on  Foot  in  or  about  this  City 

*  without  their  Knowledge  or  Confent,  fo  they  do 

*  utterly  difavow  and   abhor  it ;  thofe  many  Dif- 

*  contents  and  great  Disturbances  which  accompa- 

*  nied  the  fame,  and   followed  thereupon,   both  to 
'  Parliament  and  City  ;    thofe   unparallel'd   Out- 
6  rages  and  Affronts  committed  by  Reformadoes, 
e  and  other  tumultuous  and  difcontented  Perfons, 

*  upon  both  Houfes  ;  the  Army  advancing  towards 

*  the  City  ;    the  Common  Council  hurried  into  a 
«  Declaration,    and  into  divers  Military  Prepara- 
'  tions,  intended   by  them  for  no  other  End  but 

*  the  Safety  of  the  Parliament  and  City:   Where - 

*  upon  hath  followed  the  free  Quartering   of  the 
'  Army  about  the  City,  which  hath  occafioned  the 

*  Dearnefs  of  Provifions,  and  given  Opportunity  to 
'  evil-minded  Perfons    to   foment  Differences  and 
c  Difcontents,  both  in  the  City  and  Army;  hath 

*  caufed    foreign    Nations,    and    others,    to    call 
«  home  and   remove  their  Stocks  to  Parts  beyond 
'  the  Seas,  to  the  great  Decay  of  Trade  in  this  City 
c  and  Kingdom  ;  and,  by  the  Difproportion  of  Ex- 

*  change,  the  Kingdom  is  not  only  deprived  of  fo- 

*  reign 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  367 

*  reign  Bullion,  but,  thro'  the  Encouragement  ta-  An.  23  Car. 

*  ken    thereby,  have  their  own  Coin  tranfported     t    l6^7'    M 

*  a  way.  December. 

'  That  your  Petitioners  are   deeply  fenfible  of 

*  the  great  Difpleafure  of  the  Parliament  towards 

*  this  City,    manifcfted  in  limiting  the  Extent   of 
'  their  Militia,  taking  away  their  Nominations  of 

*  the  Perfons  intrufted  therewith,  and  of  the  Lieu- 

*  tenancy  of  the  Tower  of  London  ;  the  guarding  of 
'  the  Parliament  and  the   Tower  with   Soldiers   of 

*  the  Army  ;   the   imprifoning  of  their  Recorder 
'  and   feveral  Aldermen,   and    other  Members  of 
4  this  City. 

4   Wherefore    your    Petitioners    humbly    pray, 
'  That  the  Honour,  Power,  and  Privileges  of  Par- 

*  liament  may    be,  -by  your  Wifdom    and  Juftice, 

*  inviolably  preferved;   that  the  Army  may  be  fo 

*  .provided  for,  that  they  may  be  enabled  to  remove 

*  their  Quarters   to  a  further  Diftance   from  the 

*  City,   whereby   the  Price   of  Provifions  may  be 
e  abated,   and  Trade  encouraged  ;   that  free  Quar- 
c  ter  may  be  prevented,   and  fupernumerary  Forces 

*  difbanded  ;    that  a  more  vigorous  Courfe  may  be 
<  taken  in  fettling  of  the  Peace  and  Government  of 

*  the  Kingdom  fo  long  defired  ;  that  the  Covenant 
«  may  be  fully  obferved  ;  that  all  well-affe&ed  Per- 

*  fons  that  have  adhered  to   the  Parliament  may  be 
•«  efFe&ually  protected  and  defended  ;  that  the  'Re- 
«  corder,  Aldermen,   and  other  Citizens,  now  im- 

*  prifoned,  (fo  as  it  may  ftand  with  the  Honour  and 
'  Wifdom  of  Parliament)  may  be  enlarged,    which 

*  your  Petitioners  mail  efteem  great  Favours  to  this 

*  City ;  and  that  all  the  late  unhappy  Proceedings, 
4  as  to  this  City  and  Members  thereof,  may  be  for- 
•'  gotten  and  and  obliterated  ;  that  your  Petitioners 
'  may  enjoy  the  Splendor  of  your  former  Favours, 

*  and  be  thereby  enabled  to  be  the  more  ferviceable 
'  to  the  Prefervation  of  the  Parliament  and  City,  and 

*  reuniting  of  all   that  are  well-afFe&ed  thereunto, 

*  which  is  their  moft  earneft  and  hearty  Defires. 

And  your  Petitioners  Jball  pray ^  &c. 


23  Car 

—v  ' 

The  Anfwer  of 
the  Houfe  of 
Lords  thereto. 

368  T/je  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I.  Then  the  Meflengers  withdrew,  and,  after  Con- 
fideration had,  they  were  called  in ;  iind  the  Speaker, 
in  the  Name  of  the  Houfe,  returned  to  them  this 
Anfwer : 

'  The  Lords  have  commanded  me  to  let  you 
6  know,  that  they  return  you  Thanks  for  the  Ac- 

*  knowledgements  you  now  make  for  the  Benefits 

*  received  by  this  Parliament,  and  for  the  Care  of 

*  the  Honour  and   Privileges  of  Parliament  as  the 

*  Supreme  Court  and  Judica  ory  of  this  Kingdom, 

*  together  with  thofe    good  Affections  which  are 
'  very  largely  and  feafonably  expreffed  by  this  your 
'  Petition.     They  defire   you    to   be  affured    that 
'  they  will   improve  their  utmoft  Endeavours   for 
'  eafmg  the  Burdens    that  lie  upon  the  Kingdom, 

*  for  procuring  a  juft  and  fafe  Peace  ;  neither  will 

*  they  omit  any  Means   that  may  rcfiorc  the 
'  City  of  London  unto  a  flourifhing  and  happy  Con- 

*  dition,  in  refpect  of  Trade,  as  a  Return  of  thofe 
'  great  and  faithful  Services  that  they  have  done  to 
'  the  Parliament  and  Kingdom.     As  to  thofe  other 

*  Particulars   in  the  Petition,  which   relate  to  the 

*  Power  of  this  Houfe,   they  {hall  take  them  into 
'  their  Confideration,  and  do  therein  what  fhall  be 

v*  according  to  Honour  and  Juftice.' 

Dec.  2.  The  Commons  fent  up  a  Meffage  to 
the  Lords,  defiring  fome  longer  Time  for  bring- 
ing up  the  Articles  of  Impeachment  againft  the 
feven  Lords,  in  regard  of  the  urgent  Bufinefs  the 
Houfe  of  Commons  had  before  them  at  that  Time ; 
on  which  the  Lords  enlarged  the  Time  for  a  Week 

^  Complaint  being  made  to  the  Lords  of  a  great 
Diforder  committed  laft  Night  in  the  Strand,  fe- 
veral  Soldiers  making  a  Stop  of  all  Coaches,  and 
fuffering  none  to  pafs  unlefs  they  would  drink 
the  King's  Health  ;  an  Order  was  made  for  the 
Militia  of  London  and  Weftnnvfler  to  take  Care 
to  iupprefs  fuch  Riots,  and  to  apprehend  the  Au- 
thors of  them  j  alib  ti^t  the  Lord  Mayor,  and 


^ENGLAND.  369 

Officers  of  IVeJlminjler  fhould  fufFer  no  Company  An.  23  Car.  I. 
in  any  Tavern  or  Alehoufe  after  Nine  o'Clock  at  L      l6W'     , 


The  Houfe  of  Commons  had  feveral  Petitions 
prefented  to  them,  as  the  Supreme  Authority  <?/"  Eng- 
land, which  they  had  hitherto  difcouraged  ;  and 
this  Day  another  coming  with  the  fame  Direction, 
ftil'ed,  Tfie  humble  Petition  of  many  free-born  People, 
fcfY.  they  refolved  to  give  this  Anfwer  thereto,  with- 
out any  Addition  or  Alteration  :  '  That  this  Houfe 
doth  declare,  That  it  is  the  Right  of  the  Sublet  to 
petition  ;  and  that  it  is  the  Right  of  the  Parlia- 
ment to  judge  of  fuch  Petitions  when  they  are  pre- 
fented :  That  all  Perfons  are  bound  to  acquiefce  in 
the  Judgment  of  the  Parliament,  upon  Petitions 
prefented  ;  and  that  this  Houfe  doth  expect  the  fame 
from  the  Petitioners.' 

Both  Houfes  adjourned  to 

Dec.  7.  Several  Petitions  from  the  County  of  petit;ons  a  a!nft 
Middlefex,  and  other  neighbouring  Counties  where  p*^  Quarter'. 
the  Army  chiefly  laid,were  prefented  to  both  Houfes, 
complaining  grievoufly  of  the  heavy  Burden  they 
endured  from  free  Quarter,  and  other  Depredations 
of  the  Soldiers  ;  which,  with  great  Taxes  and  Af- 
feffinents,    made  the  Inhabitants  almoft   ready  to 
fink  under  them.    Both  Houfes  put  them  off  with 
fair  Speeches  and  Promifes  ;   knowing  very  well  it 
was  not  in  their  Power  to  eafe  them  of  their  Burden. 

The  fame  Day  Colonel  Sir  Hdrdrefs  Waller, 
and  Colonel  IVhaley,  prefented  to  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  and  after  to  the  Commons,  a  Remonftrance 
from  the  General  and  Council  of  War,  and  in  re- 
gard, they  faid,  that  the  Bufmefs  of  it  was  con- 
cerning Money  to  fupply  the  Army,  and  the  con- 
ftant  fettling  of  their  Pay,  they  did  expert  an  An- 

Mr.  Rujbwortb  has  abridged  this  Remonftrance 
to  a  fmgle  Page  :  But  fmce  thefe  Kind  of  Inftru- 
xnents  are  the  moft  authentic  Hiftory  of  the  Times, 
we  are  pcrfuaded  our  Readers  would  rather  chufe 

VOL.  XVI.  A  a  to 

370  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An  z-j  Car.  I.   to  fee  it  at  large.     Here  then  it  follows  in  all   its 
^  l6*7'     ,  Prolixity.  (l>) 

December.  ^  J-fUMBLE  REPRESENT AT10K  from  his  Excellency 
Sir  THOMAS  FAIRFAX  and  the  Council  of  the 
Army,  concerning  their  paft  Endeavours,  and  now 

final  Deftres,  for  putting  the  Soldiery  into  conjlant 
Pay  ;  for  'immediately  difburdening  the  Kingdom  of 

free  Quarter  j  the  Prevention  of  any  further  In- 
creafe  of  Arrears  ;  and  in  order  to  the  diflanding  of 
Supernumeraries^  and  other  Things  concerning  the 

A  Remonftnnee  <  Q  Ince)  by   the  Blefling   of  God,  the  Speakers 

g^SrSte  '  ^  and  Members  of  both  Houfes  (that  had  been 

and  the  Council  '  driven  away)  were,  without  Blood,  reftored,  and 

of  War,  reqoi-    c  nave  ^een  ever  fince  fecured  to  fit  and  attend  their 

&"f  f«  the  Ar! '  Duty  in  Parliament ;    with   what  Patience  God 

my.  '  hath  given  us  to  wait  for  the  Refolutions  of  thofe 

'  Things  we  have  infifted  on  or  offered,  tending  to 

4  the  future  Security  of  the  Parliament,  the  jufl 

*  Satisfaction  of  the  Soldiery,    and  the  Eafe   and 

*  Settlement  of  the   Kingdom,    we  need    not  ufe 
'  many  Words   to  fet  forth ;  the  Expence   of  a- 

*  bove  four  Months   Time  in  quiet  Expectation 

*  thereof,  with   fo  little  Satisfaction,  does  fuffici- 
'  ently  fpeak. 

*  As  to  what  Fruit  we  have  found  in  any  thing 

*  done  to  any  of  thefe  Ends,  we  are  forry  we  can 

*  fay  fo  little  thereof;  or  that  we  have  Occafion  to 
4  fay  fo  much  of  the  Delay  and  Neglect  of  Obfer- 

*  vation  thereof,  as  we  are  now  conftrained  to  do  : 

*  But  whatever  thefe  Neglects  or  Delays  have  been, 

*  or  wherever  the  Fault  hath  been,  we  are  fure  the 

*  Blame  thereof  hath  been  laid  upon  us  almoft  on 
c  all  Hands  ;   and  this  is  the  Fruit  we  have  found, 
£  from    the   Hands    of  Men,    of  all    our   patient 
'  Waiting  hitherto. 

'  It  is  not  unknown  what  Reproaches  and  Scan- 
'  dais  of  this  Kind  have  been  caft  upon  us»  and 

'  what 

(I)  From  the  original  Edition,  (printed  for  Gierge  Whittingtsn  in 
Cornhill  and  licenfed  by  Giihcrt  Mabbot )  which  correfponds  exactly 
\vith  the  Copy  enter'd  in  the  Lords  Jtitrnalt- 

0f    ENGLAND. 

c  what  tJfe    and  Advantage    have  been    made   of 

*  thofe    Delays,  thereby  to  work  upon  the  Irnpa-, 

e  tience    of  the  Soldiers   and   Country,  to  incenfe      December. 
1  the  Country  againft  the  Army,  and  both  the  Ar- 

*  my  and  Country  againft  us,  as  if  it  had  been  our 
'  Fault  alone  that  no  more  was  done  j  and  to  what 
'  an  Height  of  Scandal  and  Difcontent  againft  us 

*  the  Pretence  hereof  was  driven,  or   what  defpe- 
s  rate  Endeavours  have  been    thcreupoa  made  to 
5  withdraw  the  Soldiers  from  the  Officers,  (as  having 
'  betrayed,    or  fail'd  and  neglected  both  theirs  and 
'  the   Kingdom's  Intereft)  to   divide  and  diftemper 
c  the  Army$  and  to  engage  both  the  Soldiery,  and 
'  many  other  well- afFedted  People,  under  the  fame 

*  Notion  and  Pretence,  in  Ways  of  Diftra&ion  and 

*  Confufion  :  And  as  we  accounted  thefe  of  moft 

*  imminent  Danger  both  to  the  Parliament,  City, 

*  and  Kingdom,  we  need  not  fpend  much  Time  to 
'  exprefs  ;   for  we  believe  all  that  wifhed  well  to 

*  the  Public  were  fo  deeply  fenfible  thereof  as  they 

*  cannot  fo  fuddenly  forget  it ;  and  others,  who  had 

*  any  thing  to  lofe    or  hazard,    though,   perhaps 

*  fo  far  as  they  had   Hopes  the  Army  might  that 

*  Way  have  deftroy'ed  itfelf,  they  might  have  fome" 

*  fecret  Rejoicing  at  it,  and  may  now  be  forry  the 

*  Bufmefs  is  fo  we'll  over  without  that  Offer ;    yea, 
4  fo  far  as   they  confidered   the  bottomlefs  Depth 
'  and  endlefs  Danger  of  it,  they  could  not  but  be 

*  affe&ed  with  it,  -fo  far  as  we    need  not  mention 

*  it,  fave  to  mind  Men  of  what  Danger  and  Mif- 

*  chief  God  hath  therein  delivered  them  from ;  and 

*  whence  the  greateft  Advantage  to  the  Rife  and 

*  Growth  of  it  was,   even   from  Delays  and  flow 
'  Proceedings  in  thofe  Things,  which  the  long  Ex- 

*  peclation  of  the  Soldiery  and  Kingdom  have  been 
'  fet  upon }  and  to  obferve  how  apt  both  the  Soi» 

*  diery  and  People,  through  tedious  Delays  in  fuch 

*  Cafes,  are  to  hearken  to   any  Part,  and  try  any 

*  new   Way  propofed   under  the  Notion  of  more 

*  fpeedy  and  effectual,  though  perhaps  fo  far  from 

*  real  Remedy,  as  that  indeed  it  endangers  the  ut- 

A  a  2  *  tcr 

$7 2  *The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  »j  Or.  I.  <  ter  Lofs  of  their  End,  with  Ruin  and  Deftrudlion 

l6*7'     ,  <  to  both. 

D.cei..ber.  *  To  prevent  the  Progrefs  of  this  growing  Dan- 
'  ger  to  all,  we  have  lately  expofed  ourfelves  to  the 
'  utmoft  Hazard  ;  and  being  a&ed  therein  from 
'  fome  Clearnefs  in  our  Conscience  that  the  Fault 
'  of  thefe  Delays  lay  not  upon  us,  as  was  fcanda- 
'  loufly  fuggefted,  and  a  Confidence  in  God  that 

*  he  would  appear  to  vindicate  that  Meafure  of 
'  Truth    and    Integrity    he   had  given  us    in  the 
*' Thing,  though  with  many  Failings  and  Mifcar- 

*  riages  on  our  Parts,  we  were  led  forth   by  him, 
'  without  any  Artifice  whereby  to  vindicate  or  ex- 

*  cufe  ourfelves,  nakedly  to  caft  ourfelves  and  the 

*  Bufinefs  upon   him  ;  and,   to  his  Praife  we  muft 
4  fpeak  it,  he  hath  appeared  in  an  anfwerable  I  flue, 
4  whereof  the  Parliament  and   Kingdom  have  had 
'  an  Account ;  and  wherein  they  may  fee,  and  we 
4  wifh  they  may  with  us  take  Notice  and  be  mind- 
'  ful  of,  the  Mercy  and  Goodnefs  of  God  in  our  De- 

*  liverance,  which  were  added  to  all  the  reft  ;  and 

*  therein  the  Army,  which,  in  cafting  off  all  Bands 

*  of  Order  and  Government,  was  like  to  have  been 
«  let  loofe  to  have  been  a  Plague  and  Bane  both  to 

*  the  Kingdom  and  itfelf,  once  more  reduced  un- 
<  der  that  Temper  and  Difcipline  which  may  ren- 
«  der  it,  through  and  under  God,  a  further  Secu- 
«  rity  and  Stay  to  the  Kingdom  ;  and,  in  due  Time, 
'  bring  it  to  a  quiet  Difbandins:,  when  juft  Satis- 

*  faction,  with  Settlement  and  Safety,  {hall  admit ; 
«  But,  as  hath  been  in  part  done  already,  we  muft 
'  again  mind  the  Parliament  upon  what  Terms  this 

*  hath  been  wrought :  The  General  (as  we  all  with 

*  and  under  him)  ftands  engaged  to  the  Army  for 
6  the  lawful  Profecution  of  the  Soldiers  Concern- 
'  ments,    and  fome  general    Fundamental    Things 

*  for  the  Kingdom  ;  and,  in  Confidence  of  the  Par- 

*  liament's  good  Acceptance  of  the  Service  thereby 

*  done,  and  of  their  real  Intention,  and  prom i fed 
'  effectual  Refolutions,   to  give  Satisfaction  in  thofe 
4  Things,  hath,  in  a  Manner,  undertaken  for  the 

*  Parliament  therein. 


^ENGLAND.  373 

<  We  wifh  we  may  fee  Caufe  to  acknowledge  An.  23  Car.  I. 

*  their  juft  Senfe  of  his  Excellency's  good  Affection^ l647' 

*  and  Service  in  that  Bufinefs,  or  at  leaft  of  their     December. 

*  own  Engagement,  or   the  Kingdom's  Concern- 

*  ments  therein  ;  and  that  we  had  not  Caufe  either 

*  to  apprehend  a  ftrange  Neglc<5t  thereof  growing 

*  upon  many,  or  ratlier,  in  fome,  the  fad   Syinp- 
'  toms  of  an  evil  Eye  at  the  Service  itfclf,  as  if  they 

*  did  regret  the  happy  Compofure  of  thofe  Diftrac- 

*  tions  begun  in  the  Army,  or  the  Re-uniting  of  it  j 

*  or  did  grudge  the  good  Hand  of  God  towards  it 
4  and  the  Kingdom  therein,  that,  in  Mercy,  would 

*  not  fuffer  it  to  run  on  in  thefe  Diftractions  to  its 
4  own  Ruin  and  the  Kingdom's  :  For  though  it  be 
4  moft  evident  that  had   God  given  up  the  Army 
4  to  caft  of  the  Reins -of  Government  and  Order, 

*  and  to  go  on  in  thofe  diftra&ing  and  confound- 

*  ing  Ways,  which  it  was  endeavoured  to  be  drawn 

*  into,  both  it  and  other  Forces  of  the  Kingdom 
'  were  like,  ere  this  Time,   to  have  been  engaged 

*  in  Blood  one  againft  another ;  or  elfe  united  only  in 

*  fome  defperate  Courfe  of  rending  and  tearing  out 

*  the  Bowels    and  Vitals   of  the  Kingdom,    and 

*  of  plucking  up  or  endangering  all  Foundations  of 
4  Order,  Peace,  and  Government  therein ;  yea,  and 

*  of  all  Right  and  Property  too ;  yet  the  Envy  and 

*  Malignity  of  fome  Men's  Spirits  againft  this  Ar- 

*  my,  and  againft  the  Intereft  of  good  Men  there  - 

*  in,  feems  to  be  fuch  as   if  they  had  rather  have 

*  feen   it  fo,    than  that  this  Army  (hould  again  be 
"*  an  united  Piece ;    and  we  clearly  apprehend  the 

*  fame  Principles,    that  fwayed  heretofore,  now  a- 
'  gain  prevailing,   as    if  there   were  no   Good   fo 

*  ferviccable,    or   Evil    fo    formidable,   which  the 
4  breaking  of  this  Army,  with  as  much  Ignominy 
4  and  Confufion  as  maybe,  would  not,  in  their  Ac- 
*~  count,  countervail ;  and   if  fuch  an  envious  and 
4  evil  Spirit  be  indeed  lodged   and  working  in  the 
4  Hearts  of  any,  we  defire  God  in  Mercy  to  con- 

*  vince  them  of  it,  left  he  confound  them  for  it. 

4  For  our  Parts,  having  the  Witnefs  of  God  in 

our  Confciences,  that  though  we  are  notvwithout 

A  a  3  *  weak 

374  T&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car.  I. «  weak  and  frail  Workings  of  our  flefhly  Hearts  in 

t  l6*?'         '  all  cur  Ways;  yet,  for  the  main,  we  have,  in  all 

December       '  ojr    t-neage "nents    ^rom    tne    Beginning  of  the 

'  Vv'^r,   hi.d  ihe  Wcrk  of  God  and  the  Kingdom 

'  in  our  Eye,  and  not  our  own  :  And  that,  fmce  the 

'  At  my   (by  the  oppreflive  Prov  king  and  fpitefut 

'  Proceedings  of  Men,  aclcd  by  the  aforefaid  en- 

*  vious  Principles   againft  it)   was   raifed   to  fuch 

*  Refoluiions,  and  driven   into  fuch   a  Pofture  as 

*  put  it  p?.ft  the  Power  of  the  Officers  to  bring  it 
'  to  a  quiet  Difbanding,  without  further   Satisfac- 

*  ticn  and   Security,  it  hath  been  our.  main  End 

*  in  continuing  wiih    it,    and    almoft   our   whole 

*  Work,  to  kepp  it  Within  Compafs  and  Modera- 

*  tion  ;  to  withhold  it  from  Extremities  of  all  Sorts, 

*  and  from  that  Mifchief  to  the  Kingdoni  or  it- 
'  felf,  which  our  withdrawing  and  taking  off  our 

*  Hands  from  the  Government  of  it  would  have 

*  let  it  loofe  unto  ;  and  to  make  Ufe.  of  it,  and  of 

*  the  Providence  that  brought  it  to  that  Pafs,  if 

*  poflible,  to  feme  grod  Hue  for  the  juft  Liberty, 

*  Safety,  and   Settlement  of   the    Kingdom  ;    and 

*  bring  the  Army  to  fome  Bottom  of  reafonable 
'  Satisfaction   wherein  it  might  acquiefce,  and   at 

*  laft  come  to  a  quiet  Difbanding;  and,  in  tranf- 
'  aclion  of  all  this,  with  <;I1  Tenderr.els  and  Pa- 
'  tience,  to  pieferve,  if  poffible,  the  Authority,  and 

*  Peace  of  the  Kingdom,  anti  prevent  new  Broils 

*  which  feveral  Parties  and  Inteicfts  have  been  fo 

*  apt  unto.     Having,  we  fay,  the  Witnefs  of  thefe 

*  Things  within  us,  when,  on  the  other  Side,  we 

*  confider  what  unworthy  Requitals  we  rpeet  with 
'  for  all  this  from  the  Hands  of  Men ;  how  we  are 

*  loaded  with    Reproaches   for  it,    and  accufed  of 
'  being  the  only  Diilurbers  of  the  Kingdom,  and 

*  the  Authors    of  its   Burdens,    as  if  for   private 

*  Ends  and  Defigns,  we  kept  up  the  Army;  and 
'  how  generally    moft  Men,   even  of  the  Parlia- 
.'  ment  Party,  for  whofe  Prclcrvation,  and  for  Pre- 
'  v,:ntion  of  whofc  Ruin,  we  have  expofed  our- 
*•  i'elvcs  to  all  Hazards  therein,  do,  either  from  Difaf- 
'  fedtion  or  Dcfign  to  divide  and  break  the  Army, 

1  withhold 

of   ENGLAND, 

*  withhold  or  obftrucT:  all  Supplies  and  Satisfaction  Al 

4  which  might  keep  it  in  Order,  Union,  or  Re-    , ^^_^ 

4  pute :     We    confefs,    when    we    confider    thefe    pecember.J 
4  Things,  we  are  ready  to  apprehend  that  God  do'.h 

*  herein  feem  moft  juftly  to   upbraid  our  Care  and. 
4  Solicitoufnefs   to  preferve  a  People  given   up,  as 

*  we  begin  to  fear,   to  their  own  Deftrudtion,  and 

*  which   feem  to   chufe   it  rather  than  not  to  have 

*  their  own    factious    Interefts    or  Envy  fulfilled ; 

*  rather  than  to  own  their  Prefervation,  in  the  leaft 
4  Degree,  to  thofe  whpm  God  hath  appeared  wil- 
4  ling  to  ufe  for  their  Prefervation  and  Deliverance, 

4  And,   rather  than  we  would  further  increafe 

*  the  Odium  and  Scandal  of  being  the  only   pub- 
4  lie  Difturbers  and  Oppreflbrs,  fo  unworthily  caft 

*  upon  us,  meerly  for- our  Good-will  and    Endear 
4  vours  to  prevent  greater  Mifchiefs,  we  are  apt  to 
4  chufe  rather  to  withdraw  from  our  private  Sta-r 
'  tion,  though  with  Hazard  of  our  perfonal  Safety, 

*  and  the  Lofs  not  pnly  of  any  imagined   Benefit 

*  of  future  Employment,  but  even  our  Arrears  for 

*  what  Service  we  have  done  ;  and  fo,  leaving  al\ 

*  to    whatever   Confufion    God,  in   his  righteous 

*  Judgment,   may  feem    good  to    bring  upon  the 

*  Nation,  to    caft  ourfelves  wholly  upon    him'  to 
4  preferve  and  provide  for  us  in  the  Midft  thereof; 

*  or,    if  God  in  Mercy  intend  better  Things    to 
4  the  Kingdom,  or  hath  found  ought  in  us,  which 

*  we  confefs  he  may,  rendering  us  unworthy  to  be 

*  any  longer  Inftruments  thereof,   we  fhould    de- 

*  fire,  with  Meeknefs  and   Rejoicing,    to  fee  any 
'  other  whom  he  finds,  or  the  Kingdom  judgeth, 
«  more  worthy  to  take  up  our  prefent  Charge  :  But 
4  finding  not  yet  any  fuch  clear  Difcharge  as  would, 
4  to  our  Apprehenilon,  fully  quit  us  before  God 

*  or    Man,  to   leave  the    Army    or    Kingdom  in 
'  this  prefent  Condition,   we  (hall,  in  Difcharge  of 
'  our  Duty  to  the  utmoft,  add  this  one  Eflay  more 
«  to  bring  both  into  a  better,  if  God  in  Mercy  fee 

*  it  good  j    we  fhall  therefore  once  more  beg  the 

*  Parliament  timely  to  confider  and  provide  effec- 

A  a  4  *  tually 

The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

<  tually  for  thofe  Things  exprefled   in  the  late  Re- 

*  monftrance  publifhed  at  the  feveral  Rendezvoufes 
December.     '  °^  *^e  Army,  upon   his  Excellency's  continued 

'  Conjunction,  whereby  the  Difcontents  in  the  Ar- 

*  my  were  quieted,  the  Diftractions  compofed,  and 

*  the  due  Order  and  Difcipline  of  it  recovered   and 

*  fubmitted  to  :  And,  amongft  thefe  Things,  fince 
6  the  greateft   and  moft  immediate  and  prefling  E- 

*  vil  to  the  Soldiery  is  the  Want  of  Pay  j  and,  to 

*  the  Country,   the  Diforders,  Exactions,  and  A- 
4  bufes  of  the  Soldiers,  with  the  Burden  and  An- 
4  noyance    of  free  Quarter  thereby  enforced  ;  and 
4  which,  if  once  provided  for,  gives  Time  of  Con- 

*  fideration  for  other  Things  :  We  {hall  firft  apply 

*  to  that,    either  to  obtain  a  prefent  Remedy,  or 

*  at  leaft  to  acquit  and  discharge  ourfelves,   in  that 
4  Point,  of  the  many   Evils  thereof,    bpth  to  the 

*  Soldiery  and  Country. 

4  We  have  long  been  fadly  fenfible,  and  many 
4  Ways  and  often  exprefs'd  our  Senfe  thereof  \  but 

*  we  have  been  moft  troubled  at  it,  fmce  that  Ne- 
4  ceflity    which    heretofore    enforced   it,   viz.  the 

*  Straitnefs  of  the  Quarters  the  Parliament  had  to 
4  raife  Money  in  was  taken  away,   and  all  Parts  of 

*  the  Kingdom  have  been  cleared  from  any  Ene- 

*  my,  and    free  for  the  equal  levying  of  Money 

*  to  fupply  the  NeceiTities  of  the  whole :   And  it 
4  feems  a  Matter  of  Wonder  to  us,  or  an  Argument 
4  of  great  Improvidence    at  beft,    that  fmce  that 
4  Time  the  Soldiery,  though  much  lefien'd  in  Num- 
4  ber,  (hould    be  no  better  paid  and  provided  for 
4  than  before. 

*  From  the  Senfe  of  thefe  Things,  we  have  made 
4  frequent  Addrefles  to  the  Parliament  for  a  fuffici- 
4  ent  Eftablifliment  and  Provifion  of  Pay  for  the 
4  Army  and  other  Forces  cf  the  Kingdom,  untill 

*  they  might,  with   Safety    to  the  K  ngdom,  and 
4  juft   Satisfaction   and  Security  to  themfelves,  in 

*  Point  of  Arrears,  Indemnity,  C5V.  be  difbanded, 

*  or  otherwife  employed  out  of  the  Kingdom.    We 
4  have  long  waited  with   Impatience  as  aforefaid, 

4  for 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  377 

*  for  fome  Fruit  of  our  AddrefTes  at  leaft  in   this  An.  23  Car-  I. 
'Point;  but  what  through   the   Difficulty  or  De-         l647'     t 

*  lay  of  getting  Things    pafled  in  Parliament    to      December. 

*  this  Pqrpofe,    or  of  putting  in  Execution  thofe 
c  Ordinances  that  have  been  palled,  and  the  Ne- 

*  gleet  or  Slqwnefs  of  Country  Committees,  Af- 

*  feflbrs  or   Collectors,   to  do  their  Duty  therein  ; 

*  what  thro*  the  Malignity  of  fome,  who,  in  Defign 

*  to  break  or  diftra£t  the  Army  as  aforefaid   for 
'  want  of  Pay,   and  to  difaffedt  the  Country  there- 
f  to  by  neceflitated  free  Quarter,  do  induftrioufly 
'  retard  all  Supplies  of  Money  ;  and  what  thro*  the 
f  general   Backwardnefs  of  all,  efpecially   in   the 
'  City  of  Londan^  to   part  with  it,   we   have  yet 
'  found   little  Fruit  of  all  our  AddrefTes  and  En- 
'  deavours  in  this  Kind  ;  there  being  not  as  yet 
'  any  Eftablilhment  of  Contribution  for  Pay   of 

*  the  Soldiery,    ariy   whit  near   proportionably  to 

*  the  Numbers  that  we  yet  keep  up,   or  any  effec- 
'  tual  Execution  of  the  Powers  already  given  for 

*  raifing  of  the   Taxes  already  charged  upon  the 
'  Kingdom ;  fo  as  we  remain  yet  as  far  as  ever  from 
'  that  Supply  of  Pay  to  the  Army  or  other  Forces, 
'  whereby  either  the  Burdens  and  Grievances  of 
'  free  Quarter  can  be  taken  off,  or  the  Neceflity  of 
'  the  Soldiery  competently  fupplied,  or  their  Dif- 
'  content    in  any  Meafure  removed,  or  Diforders 

*  prevented,    or  good    Difcipline  prefervedj    and, 
'  which  is  moft  fad,  in  the  Garrifons  of  the  King- 
'  dom,  and  thofe  of  moft  Importance,  where  the 
e  Soldiery  have  not,  nor  well  can  have,  the  Bene- 

*  fit  of  Quarter  for  their  Subfiftance,  (as  the  Army 
f  and  Field-Qfficers  have  yet)  they  have  very  long 

*  been  without  any  Supply  of  Pay  at  all ;    fo  as  di- 

*  vers  poor  Soldiers  in  fome  of  them  have  actually 

*  ftarv'd  and  died  for  Want,  in  Attendance  upon  their 
'  Duties  ;  others  forced  by  Extremity  of  Want  to 

*  quit  their  Service :  and  the  reft  ready  to  ftarve  or 

*  quit  their  Garrifons  to  any  that  will  poflefs  them ; 
\  and  as  it  is  moft  apparent  that  the  prefent  Pro- 

*  portion  of  Tax,  if  duly  levied,  could  not  com- 

*  petently  fupply  them,  and  others  too,  in  an  equal 


The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

*  D'ftribution  thereof,  confidcring  the  Numbers  that 

*  are  yet  in  being  ;    fo   the  Committees    in   many 
December.     *  Countries  where  fuch  Garrifons  are,  that  have  en- 

4  gaged  with  the  Army,  do  refufe  to  levy  thofe  fmall 

*  Proportions    of  Money  that  have  been   afligncd 
'for  the   prefent    Relief  of  fuch  Garrifons  j^but 
4  are  content  to    fee  the  aforefaid  Miferies  of  the 
'  Soldiery,    and   Danger  to  the  Garrifons,  rather 
4  than  do  their  Parts  to  give  the  leaft  Remedy  to 

*  either;  divers  of  them  telling  the  Soldiers  plain- 

*  ly,  as  we  are  informed,  that  if  they  had  declared 
'  againft  the  Army  they  fhould  not  have  wanted  ; 

*  but   having   engaged  with    it  they   mult  expect 
4  neither  Quarter  nor  Pay  but  what  they  get  from 
4  the  Army. 

4  If  we,  or  this  poor  Army,  have  deferved  iuch 
4  Hatred  or  Defpite,  efpecially  from  pretended 
4  Friends  to  the  Parliament  and  the  Kingdom's  In- 
4  tereft,  we  would  fain  be  plainly  told  £nd  con- 
4  vinced  wherein  ;  otherwife  we  cannot  account  it 
4  but  moft  unchriftian  and  inhuman  Dealing,  and 
4  fuch  as  can  have  no  better  Root  than  envious 
4  Faction,  void  of  all  Regard  to  public  Intereft  ; 
4  and  we  would  have  all  fuch  know  that,  if  we  had 
4  been  in  the  fame  Mind,  or  would  have  allowed 
4  ourfelves,  by  Power,  to  purfue  the  Ruin  of  ad- 
4  verfe  Parties,  by  indirect  or  unchriftian  V/ays^ 
4  or  otherwife  to  fet  up  a  Party  of  our  own  and 
4  fupprefs  all  others  ;  or  if  we  had  not  ftvl.l,  accor- 
4  ding  to  our  firft  Principles,  loved  much  more  the 

*  Ways  of  Common  Right  and  Freedom,  and  the 
4  Proceedings  in  all  fuch  Things  by  Parliament  in 

*  order  thereunto ;  or  if  we  had  not,  in  the  Way 
4  of  ordering  our  Affairs  fince  the  Army^s  Engage- 

*  ment,  confulted  more  the  preferving  of  Peace  in 
4  the  Kingdom,  and  to  prevent  the  Rife  of  any  new 
4  War,  than  our  own  Advantage  or  Security,  \vc 
4  could  (to  fpeak  as  Men,  with  the  Power  and  Ad- 
4  vantages  God  hath  put  into  our  Hands)  long  ere 
4  this  Time,  as  yet  alfo  we   might,    have  put  the 
4  Army,  and  all  other   Forces  engaged  with  it  in- 

*  to  fuch  a  Pofture  as  to  have  altered  thcmfelvc- 

4  of 

of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  379 

*  of  Pay  while  continued  ;  and  probably  to  have  An-  *3  Car- I. 
'  made  our  Oppofers  in  the  Kingdom,  and    City     t   *  *7'    , 
f  too,  willing  to  have  followed  us  with   Offers  of    December. 

'  Sntisfa&ion  as  to  the  Arrears  and  other  Dues  that 
f  concern  the  Soldiery  ;  or  we  could  have  told  how 
4  to  profecute  thofc  Advantages  we  have  had  to 

*  the  Suppreflion,    if  .not  Deftru£ion,  of  adverL 
'  Parties  and  Interefts,  fo  as  they  fhould  not,   pro  • 

*  bably,  have  had  thofe  Foundations  or  Poflibilitiei 
'  to  grow  up  again  to  our  further  Trouble  or  Dan-* 
1  ger,  as  now  they  feem  to  have  j  and  all  this  with, 

*  Reafon  and   Juftice  enough  too  :    But   that  we 

*  have  ftudied   the  Prefervation  and  Good  of  all, 
'  without  Ruin  or  Deftruction  to  any,  as  far  as  we 
'  could  j  and  have,  thro'  God,  been  acted  therein 
'  in  fome  Meafure  with  that  Mildnefs  and  Mode- 

*  ration,  Paiience  and  Love  in  the  Name  of  Chrift ; 
'  and  we  are  yet  confident  we  fhail  at  laft  lofe  no- 
'  thing  by  it.     But  to  return  to  our  Purpofe, 

4  As  to  the  Inconveniences  and  Dangers  of  a 
4  new  Provifon  for  the  Soldiers,  in  Point  of  Pay, 
'  the  Parliament  hath  had  fufficient  Cautions  and 

*  Warnings,    efpecially  in  the    late  Diftractions  ; 

*  and  while   the  Danger  thereof  continued  vifible, 

*  it  was>  largely  profefled,  if  that  Danger  could  be 

*  removed,    and  the  Army  reduced  into  Order  and 
'  Difcipline,  we  fhould  have  what  Provifion  we 
f  could,  with  Reafon,  defire  in  that  Point ;  and  the 
'  fame,  with  much  more,  upon  the  firft  Hopes  of 

*  overcoming  that  Danger,  was  as  largely  promifed  : 

*  Yet  now,  the  Danger  is  over,  we  fee  little  better 
'  care  of  Performance  than  before  j   but  after  ma- 
'  ny  Days  fmce  elapfed,  and  fome  fpent  in  pro- 

*  feffed  Conn/deration  of  it,  the  whole  Care  of  that 

*  Bufmefs  feems  to  be  wrapt  up  in  one  bare  Vote, 
'  viz.    That    all  fupcrnumcrary   Forces  foall  be  dif- 
«  banded. 

.  '  As  to  which  Matter  of  Difbanding  Supernu- 
«  meraries,  fo  it  be  with  reafonable  Satisfaction  in 

*  Point  of  Arrears,  we  are  fo  far  from  oppofing  or 
'  obftructing  it,  that,  for  the  fpeedy  Eafmg  of  the 

*  Kingdom's  Burdens  by  it,   we  (hall  readily  give 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  2-?  Car.  I.    <  all  Furtherance  and  Afliftance  to  it ;   and  mail, 

t  f   *  by-and-by,   offer  that  Encouragement  thereunto 

December.      '  as  w^'  demonftrate  the  fame  ;  and  on  fuch  Terms 

*  we  (hall  ourfelves  moft  gladly  be  of  thofe  Svper- 

*  numeraries  that  (hould  come  firft  to  difb;incing; 

*  but  as  to  the  Thought  of  the  prefent  difbanding 
4  of  all  Supernumeraries,   according  to  the  Vote, 
4  firft,  we  cannot  but  wifh  it  be  confiderrd',  whe- 

*  ther,  with  any  Refpeft  at  all  to  the  Service  and 

*  Relief  of  Ireland^    the  Parliament  can  well  dif- 
4  band  them  all ;   unto  which  Service,    (as    thefc 
4  might  have  been  of  great  Advancement  of  Af- 
1  fi'-  mce  long  fmcc,  but  for  the  Prevalence  of  Fac- 

*  tion  and  Defign  to  break  that   Force  that  might 
*>  have  affo-ded   it,  as  we    have  formerly  demon- 

*  ftrated,  fo)  we  have  more  lately  rcr'.'iS..  .ed  our 

*  Parts  in  the  Offer  and  Dcfignation  of  a  very  con- 
4  fiderable  Force  thereunto ;  and  there  hath  wanted 
'  nothing  but  Refolution  and  Money,  with  Expe- 

*  dition  to  fend;  the-m  over,  which  was  not  in  our 
4  Power. 

4  But  if  (with  refpecl  to  that  Service  and  the 
e  Safety  of  this  Kingdom)  the  Parliament  can  but 
^  leiTcn  their  Forces  fo  much,  as  to  bring  them 
4  near  6oo,OCO  /.  per  Menfem  Pay  ^  y?t  we  wifh  it 
4  be  withall  confukred  how  many  thefc  Supermi- 
4  meraries  are,  that  muft  fo  come  to  be  prefcntly  (iif- 
4  banded  ;  which,  to  bring  the  Refidue  within  that 
4-  Compafs,  would  be  little  lefs  than  2O,cco.ot.  one 
4  Sort  or  other;  and  if  fo,  how  great  a  Sum  it 
4  would  require  to  give  any  reafonable  Satisfaction 
4  to  fomany,  in  Point  of  Arrears  in  Hand  :  and  by 
*-  the  Hardnefs  of  getting  fo  much  Money  as  to 
4  piece  up  the  Month's  Pay  to  the  Armv,  we  have 

*  much  Reafon  to  doubt  how  long  the  Parliament 
4  will  be  in  raifmg  fuch  a  Sum  together,   or  where 
4  they  will  fuddenly  find  Money  to  give  competent 

*  Satisfaction  to  the  Proportion  but  of  a  Regiment 
•4  or   two    upon  a  prefent  difbanding;    and   unlefs 

*  they  be  provided  with  prefent  Money  to  give  rea- 

*  fonable  Satisfaction  to  fo  many  at  once  as  would 
4  to  that  End  come  to  be  difbaiuico,  the  Parliament 

4  muft 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  381 

*  muft  either  turn  them  off  prefently  with  extreme  An.  23  Car.  i. 

*  Dinfatiscac~tion  and  Diibbligation ;  (which  will  ren-    t    '  ^  __, 

*  der  them  apt  to  rife  again  with  any  Party  againft     rjecejnber. 

*  the  Parliament,   who  would   give  them  Hope   of 
'  better  Dealing,  or  but  of  Revenge)  or  elfe  muft 
'  continue  them  untill  better  provided. 

*  And  tho'  there  were  Money  ready  for  a  com- 

*  petent  Part  of  Arrears  in  Hand,  yet  it  will  be  ne- 

*  ceflary,    however,    that    they    be  continued  for 

*  fome  Time  for  the  ftating  of  their  Accounts,  and 

*  giving  Debentures  for  the  Remainder  ;  for  (be- 
'  fides  the  Injuftice  and  Diffatisfaclion  of  turning 
'  the  Soldiers   off  without    that)  we  prefume  the 

*  Parliament  hath  had  too  much    Experience   al- 
4  ready  of  the  bottomlefs  ill  Confequences  of  not 
'  afcertaining   their  Accounts    and  Arrears  before 

*  difbanding,  and  not  keeping  the  fame  regiftered 

*  together,  by  the  endlefs  Clamours  and  Outcries  of 

*  particular  rerfons  for  Arrears,  and  the  vaft  Sums 
'  expended  thereupon,  without  End  of  Satisfaction  j 

*  the  Perfons  or  their  State  of  Arrears  (thro'  Ne- 
'  gle&  of  taking  fuch  Accounts  before  difbanding) 
'  having  never  been  certainly  known,  nor  any  End 
4  either  of  their  Number  or  Claims  ;  and  the  Dif- 
'  patch  of  fuch  Accounts  for  thofe  that  remain  be- 

*  fore  difbanding  will  certainly  take  up  fome  Time  j 

*  we  doubt,  fome  Months. 

'  Now*  if  thus  any  Part  of  the  Supernumeraries, 

*  above  what  the  60,000 /.  a-month  will  pay,  {hall, 

*  either  for  the  Time  of  ftating  their  Accounts,  or 

*  longer  for  Want  of  prefent  Money,  not  be  dif- 

*  banded,  the  Army  muft  fo  long  remain  without 

*  conftant    Pay ;    and    confequently  go  upon  free 

*  Quarter  the  while,  unlefs  the  Tax  for  their  Pay 

*  be  for  the  mean  Time  proportionably  increafed  ; 
'  for  the  6c,oco/.  a-month  not  affording  any  Affign- 
'  ment  for  fuch  Supernumeraries  Pay,  thqfe  muft  of 

*  NecefHty  go  unpaid  the  while,  and  confequently 

*  upon  free    Quarter ;    and  their  going  any  where 

*  upon  free   Quarter  will   hinder  the  coming  in  of 

*  the  Contribution  of  thofe  Parts  which  fhould  be  to 
'  pay  fome  others;  and  fo  thefc  muft  likcwifc  go 

s  upon 

3  8  2  T&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  ^3  Car.  I,  c  upon  free  Quarter  t^e  while,  which   will,  in  like 

.    '  47'    i    e  Manner,  hinder  the   Pay  and  neceflitate  the  like 

December.      c  free  quartering  of   others  ;    fo  as  all  will,    that 

c  while,  be  equally  hindered    from  conftant  Pay, 

'  and  forced  to  take  free   Quarter  ftill.     But  be- 

c  fides  thefe  aforementioned  certain  and  vifible  Oc- 

*  cafions  of  Delays  to   the  prefent  Effect   of  the 

*  Vote    for    difbanding    all    Supernumeraries^  we 

*  doubt  it  will  find  many  other  Difficulties  and  Ob- 

*  ft  ructions    to    the  fpeedy  and  effectual  Difpatch 

*  thereof^   and  prove  not  fo  eafy,  or  fo  well  execu- 

*  ted  as  voted  ;  fo  that  though  we  wifli  that  Bufi- 
'  nefs  of  difbanding  Supernumeraries  put  into   as 
c  fpeedy  a  Way  of  Execution  as  may  be,  yet,  up- 
4  on  all  thefe  Confiderations,   we  cannot  imagine 

*  that  Vote  to  be  abfolute  and  fovereign  ;    nor  fo 
'  fpeedy  and  timely  a  Care  of  the  Soldiers  Wants 

*  and    Difcontents',  arid  the  Country's  Grievance 

*  in  their  free  Quarter,  as  the  Nature  of  the  Mala- 

*  dy  and   Temper  of   the  Patient  requires  :    We 

*  (hail  therefore  offer  our  final  Advice  for  fome  d- 

*  ther,  firft  fetting  down  the  Particulars,  and  then 

*  fhewing  the  Efficacy  and  Benefit  thereof;  The 
4  Particulars,  which  we  have  in  part  heretofore  pro- 

*  pounded  to  the  Parliament  j  are  thefe  : 

I.  *  That  the  Parliament  do  forthwith  enlarge 

*  their    monthly    Contribution    for    five    or     fix 

*  Months,   to  the  full  Proportion  of  the  Pay  of  all 
'  the  Forces  now  in  being  within  this  Kingdom^ 
e  or  at  leaft  fo  many  of  them  as  they  are  not  pro- 
1  vided  with  ready  Money  to  difband,  and  to  a  cort- 

*  fiderable    Proportion,     viz.    about    1 0,000  /.    a 

*  Month  over  ;  which,  by  a  near  Eftimate,  we  con- 
c  ceive  would  well  be  by  the  Addition  of  40,000  /. 

*  per   Menfem  to  the   prefent  6o,ccc /.  per  Men- 
fem,  and  with  lefs  we  believe  it  cannot  be ;  and 

'  the  fame  Committees  to  be  appointed,  and  to 
'  have  the  fame  Powers  for  the  levying  this  as  for 
4  the  former  60,000  /.  and  the  fame  Penalties  for 

*  Neglects  or  Defaults  therein  as  for  the  Arrears  of 

*  former  Taxes  to    the  Army :  And  for  the  more 

*  fpeedy  pafling  of  this,   unlefs  fome  viable  Ine- 

*  quality 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  383 

*  quality  in  the  Rates  of  Countries  be  readily  reo  An.  aj  Car.  I. 
4  tified,  without  Delay  to  the  paffingof  it,  we  wifh     t  J!^*7' _-» 

'  it  might  (being  but  for  that  fhort  Space)  pafs  ac-      Dece^iber. 

*  cording  to  the  fame  Rates  as  the  60,000  /.    And 

*  for  the  Kingdom's  better  Satisfaction  herein,  it 

*  may  be  refolved  and  declared, 

1.  '  That  upon  this  Enlargement,    arid  the  ef* 

*  fecrual  levying  of  it  in  the  refpective   Counties, 

*  no  free  Quarter  at  all  (hall,  from  within  a  Month, 
'  at  moft  after   pafiing  the  Ordinance,  be  taken  irj 

*  any  County  or  Place  where  it  fhall  be  duly  levied 

*  and  paid. 

2.  *  That  it  is  intended  this  Enlargement  of  Tax 

*  (hall  not  be  continued  beyond  the  Space  of  the 

*  Months   limited  ;  and  that,   in  the  mean  Time, 

*  as  the  Parliament    can  find  Money    and    Safety 

*  to  difband  and   leflen  their   Forces,  fo,    if  that 

*  Leffening  be  confiderable,  they  will,  by  Degrees, 
'  lefien  the  faid  Tax  proportionably. 

II.  *  We  defire   that,  for  the  more  fure  and  ef- 

*  fe&ual  levying  of  the  whole  Tax,  the  GeneraJ. 
'  and  Committee  of  the  Army,  or  one  of  them, 

*  may  have  Power,  in  Cafe  of  any  Country  Com- 

*  mittee's    Negle<St    or    Fail   therein,  to  add  new 

*  Men  to  any  of  the  refpe&ive  Committees,  ywho  are 

*  thereupon  to  have  the  fame  Power  as   the  Coin- 
4  mittees  named  in  the  Ordinance  have. 

III.  '  That  for  the  more  fure    and  ready  Pay- 
4  ment  of  the  Soldiery  out  of  this,  the  Forces  which. 

*  are  not  or  cannot  be  provided  for  to  be  forthwith 

*  difbanded,  may  be  immmediately  afligned  to  feve- 

*  ral  Counties,  or  Aflbciations  of  Counties,  out  of 

*  whofe  Taxes  they  mail  be  paid  ;    and  that  the 
'  General  may  have  Power   accordingly  to  make 

*  fuch  Difrribution  and  Affignment,  giving  Notice 

*  and    Account    thereof  to  the  Committee  of  the 

*  Army,  and  they  thereupon  to  take  Order  for  the 

*  Payment  of  the  Forces  fo   afllgneci,  immediately 

*  out  of  the  Counties  or  Aflbciations  to  which  they 
'  are  affigned  ;  and  that  the  Payments  be  made  ac- 

*  corcling  to  dueMuMers,  and  according  to  the  laffc 

*  Eftablilhinent,  as  to  the  Rate  of  each  Officer's 

4  'Pa/ 

384  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Ah.  *3  car.  I.  c  pay  .  an(j  tne  Surplufage  of  any  County's  Taxes, 

t     '  *7'      .  *  above  the  due  Pay  of  their  Forces  fo  afligned  to 

Dettmbtr.     *  be  paid  out  of  them,  to  be  at  the  Care  and  Over- 

'  fight  of  the  fame  Committee  for  the  Army,  called 

'  for  and  paid  into  the  common  Treafury,  for  fuch 

'  general  Ufes  as  (hall  be  found  neceflary  relating 

'  to  th.e  Forces  and  Service  within  this  Kingdom, 

'  by   Warrant  from  the  General  or  Committee  of 

*  the  Army,  according  to  the  ufual  Courfe  of  Li- 
'  mitations  heretofore  ;  and  the  Remainder  and  Sur- 

*  plufage  of  the  faid  Taxes  of  the  whole  Kingdom^ 
'  above  the  Ufes   aforefaid,   to  be  for  the  Supply 
'  and  Relief  of  the  Forces   already  in  Ireland,  or 
'  other  public  Ufes  as   the  Parliament  (hall   think 
'  fit  j  and  the  fame  Committee  likewife,  with  the 

*  Trcafurers,    to    take  Care    for  the  methodizing 

*  and  balancing  of  the  whole  Accounts,  and  to  have 

*  Power  for  the  employing  of  Officers  needful   for 

*  the  Difpatch  and  Accomodation  of  this  Service; 

*  and  to  make  Allowance  of  Salaries  to  them,  with- 

*  in  fome  reafonable  Limitation  ;   particularly  that 

*  there  be  Allowances  for  fo  many  Deputy-Corn- 
'  miflaries  of  Mufters,  as  upon  the  Practice  of  this 

*  Diftribution    the    General   and  Committee  IhaH 
'  find  needful ;  and  the  Treafurers-General  out  of 

*  their  Salary,  in  regard  of  this  Accefiion  to  it,  to 

*  maintain    fo    many    Deputy-Treafurers,   as  the 
•.General  and  the  Committee  of  the  Army  (hall 

*  find  needfol  to  be  employed,  and  to  refide  in  fuch 

*  feveral  Parts  of  the  Kingdom  as  the  General  (hall 

*  find  convenient  for  that  Service. 

IV.  «  That,  the  Security  for  Arrears  being  fct- 

*  tied  as  hath   been  already,  and  is  again  hereafter 

*  propounded,  the  Parliament  would  fpeedily  fend 

*  down  Commiffioncrs  to  the  Army,   and  appoint 

*  the  like  for  the  other  Forces  of  the  Kingdom,  to 

*  ftate  Accounts  and  give  Debentures  ;   whereby 
'  the  Soldier  may,  before  his  Difbanding,  have  his 

*  Arrears  afcertained  to  him  as  a  clear  Debt,   to   be 

*  p«id  him  out  of  that  Security  }   and  that  one  Of- 

*  nee  or  Regiftry  may  be  appointed  into  which  ail 
6  Accounts  fo  taken  may  be  returned,  and  all  Ar- 

*  rears, 

6f   ft  N  O  L  A  tf  D.  38$ 

*  rears  regiftered  to  be  paid,  in  Order  as   is  here-  An.  23  Car.  2» 

*  after  exprefled  :  And  for  this  Office  we  offer,  that  t      l64?-    M 
1  two  Regifters,  with  four  Clerks,  may  be  allowed      pec*enit'e*, 
4  to  have  reafonable  Salaries  out  of  the  Revenue^ 

'  iffuing  out  of  the  faid  Security }  and  this  we  de- 

*  fire  rrtay  be  haftened  for  the  fpeedier  Preparation 
'  to  the   Work  of  Difbanding,  that  fuch  as  are  to 
c  be  difbanded  may  be  ready  for  it  by  that  Time  the 

*  Parliament  can    provide    Money    wherewith  to 
'  difband  any  of  them;  and  fo,  by  difbanding   the 
c  Supernumeraries  as  faft  as  may  be,  Way  may  be 

*  made  for  the  fpeedier  leflening  and  taking  off  the 

*  Taxes  by  Degrees 

'  Now    for   the  Advantage  and  Benefit  of  the 

*  Things    here    propounded,    they  will  appear  as 
'  follow*  v/Zi 

*  Whereas,  upon  the  former  Suppofition,  that 

*  the  putting  of  the  Soldiery,  that  are  to  be  con- 

*  tinued,  into  a  Way  of  conftant  Pay*  to  depend 

*  only  upon  the  Difbanding   of  Supernumeraries, 
4  whom  the  prefent  Tax  will  not  extend  to  pay  ; 
'  it   is  moft  evident,  as  before  demonstrated,  that 

*  none  can  be  put  into  prefeht  Pay,  but  all  fuch  go 

*  on  upon  free  Quarter  fo  long  as  until  every  one  of 

*  the   faid  Supernumeraries   be  difbanded  }  which, 

*  whatever  may  be  imagined^  tho*  no  other  Dif- 
4  faculties  or  Obftru&ions  fhould  happen  than  what 
'  are  now  vifible$  as  before  mentioned,  would  not 

*  be  effected,  nor,  we  doubt,  provided  for,  in  three 
'  or  four  Months  Time ;    we  wifh  it   proved  fo 

*  foon*  but  we  much  fear  Interruptions  or  Delays 

*  will  happen  to  make  it   much   longer  j  and  all 
'  that  while,  free  Quarter  continuing  as  before,  the 
c  Burden  thereof,  befides  the  Annoyances,  tho'  it 
'  may  fall  more  lightly  upon  Come  Pans,  and  hea- 
'  vier   upon  others,    yet,    in  the  whole,    it  danv 
'  nifies  the  Kingdom  as  much  as  the  faid  mcreafed 

*  Contributions  come  to:    The  Soldier  alfo  muft 

*  have,  befides  his  Quarters,  fome  Pay  in  Hand  in  , 
c  the  mean   while,  otherwife  he  can  neither  fubfift 

i  nor  be  kept  in  Order ;  yet  ftill  he  accounts,    ad 
VOL.  XVL  B  b  *  feaft, 

*?be  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

Jeaft,  half  of  his  Pay  for  the  remaining  Time  in 

*  Arrear  to  him  ;  fo  as  that  further  Debts  do  alfo 

*  grow  upon  the  Kingdom's  Score. 

*  Now,  contrariwtfe,  the  Things  we  have  pro- 

*  pounded  being  granted,  that   bare  Contribution 
'  awfwejs   all;    for  we  dare  undertake,  within  a 

*  Fortnight   after    the    granting  of   them,   all  the 

*  Forces  of  the  Kingdom  {hall  be  afligned  where 
'  and  how  to.  receive  their  Pay  conftantly  till  dif- 

*  banded,  and  more  free.  Quarter  (hall  hence- 

*  forth  be  take,n ;    no  Part  of   the  Kingdom  any 
4  more  unequally  opprefled  thereby  ;  nor  any  fur- 
'  ther   Debt  of  Arrears   henceforth  incurred  upon 

*  the  Kingdom  ;  and  the  Work  of  Difbanding  Su- 

*  pernumeraries  not  at  all  hindered,  but  much  faci- 

*  litated  thereby  j    and,   as    the   Parliament  finds 

*  Money  and  Safety  to.difband  any  of  them,  they 

*  may,    by  the    fame  Degrees,    either  leflen    the 

*  Tax  proportionably,  or  will  have  fo  much  more 
'  Surplufage  from  thence  towards  Relief  of  Inland^ 

*  or  towards  difbanding  of  others,   or  any  other 
e  public  Ufes. 

'  And  now,  for  Furtherance  and  Encouragement 

*  in  the  Matter  of  Difbanding,  thefe  Things  afore- 
'  mentioned  being  granted,  we  (hall,  for  the  Army 

*  and  the  other  Forces  engaged  with  it,   offer  and 

*  agree  to  thefe  Rules  following  : 

1.  '  That  fuch  of  the  faid  Forces  as  (hall  come 

*  to  bedifbanded  as  Supernumeraries,   {hall,  out  of 

*  the.  Monies  to  be  railed  upon  the  Security  of  Ar- 

*  rears,  have  the  full  Moiety  of  their  Arrears  firft 

*  made  good   to  them,  as   Monies   come  in  here- 
'upon,  before  thofe  which  fall  out  to  be  continued 

*  (hall  receive  any  Part  of  theirs ;    and  after  that, 

*  when   thofe  that  continue  {hall   have   received  a 
V  like  Proportion  of  theirs,   then  thofe  that  fhall  be 

*  di{banded    to  receive   the  other   Moiety,    or  full 

*  Remainder,  of  their  Arrears,  before  thefe  that 

*  continue  have  any  more.    .. 

2.  «  That  thofe  of  them  that  {hall  di{band,  {hall, 
'  as  Monies  come  in  upon 'the  faid  Security,  re- 

'  ccive 

^ENGLAND.  387 

'  ceive  their  Proportions  of  Arrears  in  the  fame  An>  23  c»r- 
<  Order  and  Courfe  as  they  dilband  ;  of  which  Or-  .        *7' 

*  der  and  Courfe  a  Remembrance  to   be  kept  and     December. 

*  regiftered  in  the  aforcfaid  Regiftry  of  thefe  Ac- 

*  counts ;   the  Perfons   of  the   Regiment,  Troop, 

*  or  Company  firft  difbinding,    and  fo  the  reft  in 

*  Courfe,  to  receive  firft  what  was  due  to  them  at 

*  difbanding,  to  make  up  their  firft  Moiety,  by  two 
1  equal  Portions  ;   and  likewife  to  receive  their  fe- 

*  cond  Moiety  at  twice,  by  equal  Portions,  in  the 
'  fame  Courfe  as  they  diiband. 

*  Now,    for  our  t)efire  in   the  firft  Proposition 

*  aforegoing,  to  have  the  Increafe  of  Contribution 
'  extended  to  the  Proportion  of  10,000 /.  a  month, 

*  by  Eirimate,  over  and  above  what  we  think  the 
c  juft  Pay  for   the  Soldiery  now  in  being    in  the 
'  Kingdom,  and  not  ready  for  prefent  difbanding, 

*  will  come  to  ;    the  Reafbn  is  partly,  that  there 

*  may  be  fome  prefent  certain  Supply  out  of  it  for 

*  the  Forces  in  Ireland  \  and  partly  becaufe,  if  the 

*  Contribution  fhould  be  fcant  of,   or  but  juft  an- 

*  fwerabie  to,    the  Pay  of  the  Soldiery,  the  many 

*  Contingencies  and  neceflary  Charges,  not  to  be 
€  foreefeen,  and  the  probable  Failings  of  fully  levy- 

*  ing  the  Contribution  in  fome  Parts,    would  rife- 

*  ceflitate  the  going  of  fome  upon   free  Quarter,     ' 
'  which  worrld  difturb  the  Order  and  conftant  Pay 

*  of  the  whole  ;  and  it  would  alfo  coft  muci  Time 

*  to  proportion  the  Forces  to  be  affigned  upon  the 

*  feveral  Counties  exactly  to  the  Contribution  of 

*  them,  which  would  make  it  lor.g  ere  free  Quar- 

*  ters  could  be  taken  off,  fmce  none  could  be  af- 

*  figned   where  to  be  paid,  tmtil  the  Pay  of  ea'ch 
'  Part  of  the  Soldiery  were  exactly  computed,  and 

*  all  of  them  as  exactly  diftributed   acccording  to 

*  each  Country's  Tax  :  Whereas,  the  Taxes  bang 

*  laid  to  a  fufficient  Proportion  above  the  juft  Pay, 
'  we  can  immediately  make  Diftributicns  and  Af- 

*  figrtments   by   Eftimate,    fo   as   tor  be   fare   the 

*  Taxes  of  each  County    exceed   the  Pay  of  the 

*  Soldiers  affigned  to  it :  And  tho'  fome  one  Coun- 

*  ty   have  more,    and  another  fewer,  Soldiers  af- 

B  b  2  *  figned 

388  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.  23  Car,  I.  <  figned  to  them  than  (upon  an  exa£l  Diftribution  - 
v  __,  *  according   to    the   Number  and  Pay  of  the  Sol- 

*  diery)    their   juft    Proportion    would    come   to,, 
'  yet  none  having  fo  many  but  that  their  Taxes. 

*  will  do  more  than  pay  them,  no  Part  will  bear 
1  above  its  due  Proportion  of  Charge  j  and  thofc 

*  Counties  which  have  leaft  Number  of  Soldiers 

*  afligned  upon  them,  yet  will  bear  their  due  Pro- 

*  portion  of  Charge,  either  in  Pay  to  the  Soldiers, 

*  or  in  the  Surplufage  of  their  Tax  above  it ;  which 
'  being  collected   into  the  common  Treafury,  wili 

*  be  for  the  Relief  of  Ireland,  or  other   publick 

*  Ufes  ;  fo  as  the  Surplufage,   either  in  particular 

*  Counties  above  their  particular  Afiignments,   or 

*  of  the  whole   Kingdoms  Taxes  above  the  Pay 

*  of  the  whole  Soldiery  in  it,  will  be  no  Lofs  ;  but 
1  (as  to  fome  certain  and  prefent  Relief  for  Ire- 

*  land   out  of    it,    upon    the    Suppofition    of  the 
'  roOjCOo/.  per  Month)  we  (hall  (befides  the  Sur- 

*  plufage  of  every  County's  Tax  above  the  Pay  of 
'  the  Soldiers  to  be  afligned  to  it)   forecaft,  in  the 
'  Diftributions  and  Alignments,  to  levy  the  Taxes 

*  of  fome  Counties,  and  that  as  many  as  may  be, 
'  to  come  entirely  into  the  common  Treafury  for 

*  Relief  of  Ireland^   without  affigning  any  of  the 
4  Forces  of  England  to  be  paid  out  of  them. 

4  And  for  that  Power  defired  for  making  fuch 

*  Diftributions  and  Alignments,  the  Advantages  and 

*  Benefits  of  that  Way  of  Repartition,    as  to  the 

*  more  fure  and  ready  Pay  of  the  Soldiers,  are  fuf- 

*  ficiently  known  and  tried  ;  and  it  is  moft  evident 
;  that,  without  it,    (if  no  Soldiers  be  paid  before 
£  the  Monies  be  firft  colle&ed  in  the  feveral  Coun- 
''  ties,  and  then  fent  into  the  common  Treafury 
6  for  all  the  Kingdom,  and  then  fent  to  the  Head'* 

*  Quarters,  or  thence   diftributed    to  the   fe.veraS 

*  Forces  within  the  Kingdom)  it  is  in  vain  to  think 
1  that  the  Soldier  can    be    fupplied   with   Money 

*  aforehand,  or  timely  enough  to  make  him  pay  for 
c  Quarters  j  and  it  is  as  bad  almoft  not  at  all  as  not 
'  in  Time. 


of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  389 

*  We  have  thus  propounded  a  Way,  whereby  all  An.  -i\  Car. 
••  the   Soldiery  of  the  Kingdom  may  be  inftantly 

*  in  a  Condition  of  conftant  Pay  while  continued, 
'  and  thereby  be  kept  in  Order  and  Difcipline;  all 

*  free  Quarter,  with  the   Abufes,  Exa&ions,  An- 

*  noyances,  and  unequal  Preflures  that  accompany 

*  it,  immediately  taken  off;  no  further  Debt  of  Ar» 

*  rears    incurred    upon   the    Kingdom,    and    that 
'  which  is  already  incurred,  put  in  a  Way  to  be 
'  recovered  and  overcome  in  Time  ;  and  whereby 

*  the  fupernumerary  Forces  may  fhortly  be  difband  - 
'  ed  by  Degrees,  as   the  Parliament  can   find  Mo- 

*  ney  to  do  it,  and  will  be  fatisfiable  to  difband  with 
'  lefs  Money  in  Hand,  without  Danger  of  Pifobli- 

*  gation  therein  j   and.  whereby  alfo  the  additional 
'  Charge,   now  propounded,  with  other  Burdens 

*  of  the    Kingdom,   may,  by  the  fame  Degrees, 

*  be  leflened  and  eafed  with  Safety  and  Satisfa&ion, 

*  until  all  can  be  taken  off. 

'  And  as  it  is  evident  that,  if  fuch  a  Courfe  as 

*  this  had  been  taken  fooner,   and  the  Parliament, 

*  as  they  found    the  feveral    Parts  of  the   King- 

*  dom   cleared  from  the  Enemy,  and   eafed    from 

*  the  Oppreffions  they  fuffered  under  them,  had, 

*  by    Degrees,    extended    an  equal    Contribution 
'  over  all  Parts,  in  proportion   fufficient  to  have 

*  paid  all  their  Forces,  while  they  continued  them, 
4  the  Kingdom  had  been  eafed  of  free  Quarter, 
'  and  no  further  Debt  of  Arrears   to  the  Soldiery 

*  incurred  upon  it ;    for,  at  leaft,   a  Year  and  an 

*  half  ago,  thofe  that  have  been  difbanded  had  not 
'  been  put  dff  with  fo  much  Difobligation  as  fome 

*  have  been ;    nor    had  their  Claims  and   end  lefs 

*  Demands  fmce  brought  fuch  Trouble  upon,  or 

*  drawn  fuch    vaft  Arrears  from,    the  Parliament 
'  and  Kingdom  ;  and  thofe  that  remain  now  to  be 

*  difbanded    had  been    much   e'afier    fatisfied,  and 

*  much  more  readily  difbanded  ;  fo  if  fuch  a  Courfe, 

*  as  is  here  propounded,  be  not  fpecdily  taken,  but 

*  the  putting  of  the  Soldiery  into  a  Way  of  Pay  be 

*  left  to  depend"  only  upon  the  difbanding  all  Su- 

B  b  3  *  pernumenu-ic* 

390  *T&e  Parliament  cry  H  i  s  T  o  *  Y 

n.  Z3  Car.  I. «  pcrnumeraries  (  and  that  fo  unprovided  for,  or  fo 

*6*7^    f   *  very  uncertainly   and    {lowly    provided   for    and 

L>eecrr.btr       '  proceeded  in,   as,    without  this  Ccrurfe,  it  is  like 

*  to    bt)    it    is  moft   eviJent,    (befides   unfcrefeea 

*  Dangers  of  Difccrtrnt,  hot:1,  in  the  Soldttry  and 

*  Country,  of  Difficulties   to    difband,    or    Inter- 

*  ructions  or  DifTaiisfactions  in   it)  that  the  Non- 

*  difb-r.ding  of  fome  will  fo  long  occafion  the  Non- 

*  payment  of  all,   and  continue  free  Quarter,  witfa 
4  the  Inconveniences    thereof  upon   ail ;  and    the 
4  Non-payment  of  all   may  hinder  the  difbanding 
4  of  any  ;  and  fo  both  Debts  and  Difcontents  grow 

*  upon   the   Soldiery  and  Kingdom,    perhaps,   till 

*  it  paficth  tither  the  Power  of  the  General  and 

*  Officers  to  compofe  the  one,  or  the  Parliament 
'  and  Kingdom  to  fatisfy  the  other. 

*  Having    therefore  fufficiently  difcharged  our- 

*  felves   in  this  Point,    fo  as  we    {hall,    we  hope, 
«  ftand  acquitted  before  Godand  Man,  from  what- 

*  ever  Evils  enfue  upon  any  further  Neglect  there- 
4  of,  we  muft  now  declare,    That  we  find  the  juft 
'  Expectations  of  the  Army  herein  (efpecially  fmce 
'  the  General's  late  Engagements  or  Undertakings 

*  at  the  Rendezvous)  are  fo  great  and  earneft  ;  the 
'  Clamours  and  Outcries  to  us  from  other  Forces 
'  and  Garrifons  of  the  Kingdom  engaged  with  the 
'  Army,   for  their  extreme  Neceffity,  and  our  ap- 
'  prehended   Negleci  of  equal  Provif;on  for  them, 
'  are  fo  fad  and  prefiing  ;    the  Difcontents  of  the 

*  Country,   from  the  Opprefnons  of  free  Quarter, 
'  are  fo  full,  and  yet  growing,   and  almoft  defpe- 

*  rate ;     and    the     Diftemptrs,    Diftraclions,    and 
4  Dangers  threatened  by  all   thefe  are   fo  vaft  and 
4  imminent,   as  we  can   no  longer  ftand  under  the 

*  Burthen  or  Blame  of  them.     But  if  the  Things 
4  here  before  propounded  be  not  granted  and  paiTed 
4  effectually,   or  a  certain  Courfe  fettled   according 

*  to  the  Effect  of  them,  by  the  End  cf  this  preftnt 
4  Week,  we  can   no  longer  give  Account  of  the 

*  Army,    or  other  Forces  in  a  regular  Way  ;  and, 
4  unlefs  we  find*  Saiisficlion  in  gur  Judgments    to 

•  take 

of   ENGLAND.  39f 

'  take  fome  extraordinary  Ways  of  Power,  we  mud  An.  23  Car. 

*  let  the  Soldiery  and  the  Kingdom  know  that  we    t    ' 6*7'  _ 
4  cannot  fatisfy  their  juft  Expectations;  and  there-     December. 
1  upon  defire  that  the  Charge  of  the  Soldiciy  may 

*  be  tranfmitted  to  others.     If  the  Parliament  (hall 
4  approve,  and  pafs  what  we  have  here  propounded, 
fc  we  rquft,  for  the  better  Profecution  and  Eftecting 

*  thereof,  add,  That  the  fuperlative  Backwardnefs 

*  and  Obftinacy,  or  Difaffection   rather,  of  thofe 

*  within  the  City,  who  have  thus   long  with-helJ' 

*  their  Arrears  of  Taxes,  fo  long  fince  due  to  the 
4  Army,  may  not  efcape,  either  with  Victory  there- 

*  in,  or  without  exemplary  fuffering  at  leaft,  by 

*  ftridt  and  fpeedy  levying,  as  well  the  Penalties  as 
4  the  Arrears  themfelves  ;  and,    for   that  Purpofe, 
4  that  the  Parliament  would  reafTume  the  Confide- 
4  ration  of  the    General's  late  Letters  about  that 
4  Bufinefs  to  the  Committee  of  the  Army,  and  alfo 
4  review  that  to   the  Lord  Mayor   and  Common 
4  Council ;    wherein  the  ill  Conlequences,  both  of 
4  the  wilful  Negledl  of  the  Thing,  and  of  the  Ar- 
4  my's  withdrawing  to  a  further  Diftance  before  it 
4  be  done,  or  of  its  continuing  longer  hereabouts 
4  in    the    dilatory,    perhaps    fruitlefs,    Expectation 
1  thereof,   from  the  City's  own  Actings  therein, 
4  may  fufficiently  appear. 

4  To  which  we  add,  that  till  it  be  done  effec- 
1  tually,   and  fharply  to  fome,  the  Diftribudon  of 

*  the  Forces  to  feveral  Committees  to  be  paid,  at- 

*  cording  to  what  is  before  propounded,   can  riei- 
4  ther  be  effectual  nor  fafe ;    and  we  muft   there- 
4  fore  defvre  that,   (unlefs  it  be  thought  fit  that  the 
4  whole  Kingdom  fhould  groan  ftill  under  the  Op- 
4  preffion    of    free    Quarter,    and    thefe   adjacent 
4  Counties   be   undone  chiefly,  while  thofe  of  fhfe 
4  City,   that  occafion  all,  fit  free  from  any  Tafle 

*  of  it)  there  may  be  no  longer  Stop  to  the  draw- 

*  ing  in  of  the  Army,  or  a  confiderable  Part  of  it, 
4  to  quarter  upon  them  in  the  City,  who  had  not 
4  paid  before  the  faid  Letters,   until  they  fhall  haVe 
4  paid  doth  the  Arrears  and  full  Penalties ;  and  tho' 
'  our  Tenderncis  of  that  City's  Safeguard  and  Wel- 

392  The  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

».  a3  Car.  J.   *  fare,  and  our  Clearnefs  from  the  leaft  Thought  of 

*6*7'     ^  *  Evil  towards  it,  or  bafe  Defign  to  make  the  leaft 

December.      *  Advantage  to  ourfelves  or  the  Army  by  it,  hath 

*  fufficiently  appeared  in  all  our  former  Demean* 
'  ments,  and  in  our  Carriage  of  the  Bufmefs  upon 
«  our  late  Advance  towards  it,  notwithftanding  the 
'  juft  Occ.afions    and    great  Provocations  there  fo 
'  newly  given,  as  alfo  in  our  innocent  March  to- 
'  wards  it,  and  the  quiet  and  patient  waiting  about 
c  it  for  thofe   long  due  Arrears,  without  quarter- 
'  ing  any  Soldiers  in  it ;  yet  now,  in  Juftice,  ye 
'  cannot  but  defire  that,  bcfides  the  levying  of  the 

*  Arrears  at  laft,  for  which  we  have  been  put  to  a 
4  Stay  fo  long,  there  may  now  likewife  fome  Repa- 

*  ration  be  thought  on  from  the  City  to  the  Parts 

*  adjacent,  for  above  ioo,oco/.  Damages  fuftained 

*  through  the  Army's  Attendance  here  on  the  City's 

*  Defaults  and  Delays  ;  which  Reparation  we,  if 

*  neceffitared  thereto,  or  called  upon  by  the  Coun- 

*  try,  muft,  in  their  Behalf,  demand  from  the  City 

*  to  the  full ;  and  now  alfo  the  rather,  in  order  to 
'  that,  we  muft  earneftly  defire  that  the  Proceed- 

*  ings  againft  thofe  Citizens,  and  others  lately  im- 

*  peached,    may  be  haftened  j    and,    out  of  their 

*  Fines    or  Confiscations,    fome    Part  of  Repara- 

*  tion  may  be  made  to  the  Countries  adjacent  for 

*  the   aforefaid    Damages,   which    the    Crimes  of 

*  thofe  Perfons,  and  others  in  the  City,  did  firft 

*  bring  upon  thenv;  And,  indeed,  without  fome- 

*  thing  done  againft  thefe  Perfons,  for  Examples  to 

*  others,  before  the  Army's  withdrawing,  we   do 
'  not  fee,  when  it  {hall  withdraw,  with  what  Safety 
'  or    Freedom    the    Parliament    can    fit  longer  at 
<  Weflminfter  ;  especially  when  we  find  the  Com- 

*  mon-Council,  thro'  the  Parliaments  and  Army's 

*  Lenity,  do  take  the  Boldnefs  already,  in  the  Face 

*  of  both,  to  intercede  tor  the  Releafe  and  Acqutt- 
'"  tal,  or  rather  Juftification,    of   thofe  impeached 
4  Perfons,  who  indeed  are  but  Fellow-Delinquents, 
r-  we  doubt,  to  moft  of  that  Council ;  as  if  that  fo 
6  a6live,  immediate,   and  horrid  a  Force  upon  both 
\  the  Houfes  of  Parliament,  and  upon  levying  a 


of   ENGLAND.  391 

*War  in  Abetment  and  Profecution  thereof,  and  An>  Z3  UP  *• 

«  of  that  concurrent  treafonable  Engagement,  vuere  t    ./t47' , 

'  already    forgotten   by    th;  m    to    have  been  any      ve*.wnber. 

*  Crime ;    the  Confideration  whereof,  and  of  the 

*  renewed  Confidence    of  Mr.  Genven^  and  fon.e 

*  other  Members  of   Parliament,  known   to  have 

*  been    Partakers,    if    not  Principals,  in  the  fame 
4  Things,  (who  yet  prefume,  and  arc  filtered,   to 
'  appear  again  in  the  Houfe,  as  if  in  thofe  Things 
'  there  had  not  been  fo  much  a  Fault  as  to  render 
4  them  lefs  worthy  of  continuing  in  that  higheft 
'  Truft)  makes  us  begin  to  fear  that  while  fo  much 
'  of  the  fame  Leaven  (this  Leni*j  and  Moderation) 
"  is  left  behind,  it  may  (  fpre'ad  till  even  the 

*  wo1  ft  of  the  Eleven  (notwithftanding  their  dou- 
4  bled  Crimes)  be  again  called  for   in  ;    unlefs  the 
'  Houfe,   by  fome  exclufive  Refolutiuns  and  Pro- 
'  ceedings,  do  timely  prevent  the  fame.     We  hr.'pe^ 

*  therefore,  the  Parliament  will  weigh  thefo  Things  ^ 
'  and  fpeedily,   ere  it  be  too  late,  confult  at  k-aft 
4  their  own  Safety  and  the  Kingdom's,  if  not  ours 
'  and  the  Army's,  their  poor  Servants,  and 

*  thing  concerned  with  them,  cfpeciaily  in  this  Af- 

*  fair. 

4  Next,  we  again  more  importunately  defire,  that 

*  thofe  other  fo  near  Concernments  of  th?  Soldiery, 
4  expreffed  in  the  General's   late  Reinonftrance  at 

*  the  Rendezvous,  may  be  fpeedily  confidered,   and 

*  fully  and  effe&ually    provided   for  ;   in  order    to 

*  which  we  (hall  here  more  particularly  propound 

*  as  follows  : 

*  Firjij  As  to  Security  for  Arrears  :    Where- 

*  as  in   the  late  Votes,  or  Propnfition  intended  for 

*  that  Purpofe,  the  two  Thirds   of  the  Lnnds  or 
4  Compofitions    of   certain  Delinquents,   affign^d 
4  towards  the  faid  Security,  is  only  of  the  De'in- 

*  quents  within  the  three  firft  Qualifications  of"  the 

*  twelfth  Propofition  ;   we  defire  that  they  may  he 
4  altered,   fo  as    to  be  two  Thirds  of  the  Lands 

*  or  Compofitions  of  all  the  Delinquents  that  have 
4  not  yet  compounded.     And  next  we  muft  defire^ 

*  that   Dean  and    Chapter  Lauds  may  be  udded, 

2  '-.  with 

3  94  ¥bc  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

kn.^3  Car.  j.  t  wjth  a  provjfo  for  reafonable  Satisfaction  or  Main- 
,  *  tcnance  to  fuch  Perfons  as,  having  a  prefent  law- 
December.     *  ful  Intereft  in  any  of  the  Revenues  thereunto  be- 

*  longing,   have  not  forfeited  the  fame  by  Dclin- 

*  quency.     Thefe  Additions   are  defired,    becaufc 
4  the  Security  as  yet  voted  is  juftly  eflimated  not 

*  to  be  fufficient  j  and  fince  all  that  is  propounded  is 

*  but  for  Security,  if  the  Security  prove  to  exceed 
'  the  Arrears   really    due,  the  Surplufage  will  be 

*  free  for  any  other  public   Ufe,   fo  as   the  State 

*  will  not  be  damnified  by  any  of  thefe  Additions 
'  to  the  Security.     Laftly,   as  to  this  Bufmefs,  we 
'  defire  that  the  Matter  of  Security,  being  refol- 

*  ved  on  as  delired,  may  be  pafled  into  an  Ordi- 
'  nance,   and  thereby  be  put  into  a  fpeedy  and  ef- 

*  fe&ual  Way  of  raifing  Monies  thereupon. 

*  Secondly,    For  Matter  of  Indemnity  :  That,  if 

*  no  Indemnity  more  abfolute  can  be   provided  to 

*  free  the  Soldiery  from  all  Queftion  for  Things 

*  done  in  the  War,  but  that  they  muft,  in  Cafe 
'  of  Queftion  at  Law,   fly  to  fome  Committee  or 

*  Commiffioners  for   Relief,    it  may   be    provided 
'  for  the  Eafe  of  all,   that  either  under  the  Grand 
'  Committee   of  Indemnity,  or  otherwife  by  the 

*  immediate   Appointment     of   Parliament,    there 
'  may  be  Commiflioners  in  each  County,  impower- 
'  ed  to    give  Relief  in   fuch  Cafes    as  the  Grand 

*  Committees  now  are  ;  and  thofe  Commiflioncrs 

*  to  be  fuch  as  ordinarily  refide  in  the  rtfpective 

*  Counties,  and  mixt  of 'fuch  as  have  been  Mili- 
4  tary    Officers  to  the  Parliament,    together  with 

*  fuch    Inhabitants    as    have    appeared    and    been 

*  faithful  to  the  Parliament  in  the  late  War  ;  for 

*  which  Purpofe  we  lhali,  if  admitted,  offer  Names ; 

*  and  that  there  may  be  a  fcvere  Penalty  laid  upon 

*  Judges  and  other  Officers  of  J uftice,  in  Cafe  they 
v  Ihall   proceed  againft   any,  contrary  to  the  Ordi- 

*  nance  for  Indemnity. 

''Thirdly,  That  a  fufHcient  Provifon  be  made  in 

*  a  certain  and  no  diftionourable  Way,  for  the  R  e- 

*  lief  and    Support  of  maimed  Soldiers,    and    the 

*  Widows  anu  Oi'p'ui.i  of  Mca  tibt  died  in  the 

•  Service 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  395 

*  Service,    to    continue   during    the   Lives  of  the  An.  »3  Car.  J. 

*  maimed  Soldiers  and  Widows,  and  during   the    ,  l6*7'    f 

*  Minority  of  their  Orphans ;   and  that  the  fame     D^mbM. 

*  Commiflioners,  to  be  appointed  in  each  County 

*  for  Indemnity  as  aforefaid,  or  others,  in  like  Man- 

*  ner  mixt,    may  be  impowered  for   this  Purpofe 

*  alfo.     And  in  Cafe    of  the  Death    of  any  fuch 

*  Commiffioners,  or  their  Departure  out  of  their  xe-r 

*  fpec~live  Counties,    thofe  that  furvive  and  remain 

*  may  chufe  new  ones  to  fill  up  the  Number. 

*  Fourthly,   That  for  the  juft  Freedom  of  Ap- 
'  prentices  who  have  ferved  the  Parliament,  there 
4  may  be  a  fufficient  Penalty  laid  upon  the  Matters 
4  refuftng  or  delaying  to  give  the  feme  when  their 

*  Times  are  out,    accounting  the  Time  that  they 

*  ferved  in  the  War  as   Part ;  and  that  the  Ap- 
'  prentice  may  have  his  A&ion  at   Law  for  that 
4  Penalty. 

*  Fifthly^  For  Freedom  from  imprefling :  That 
4  (as  no  Freeman  of  England  may  be  imprefled  for 

*  any  foreign  Service,   or  other  than  for  the  imme- 
'  diate  Defence  of  it,  fo)  no  Soldier  that  hath  vo- 

*  luntarily  ferved  the  Parliament  in  the  late  Wars 
'  for  the  Liberty  of  the   Kingdom,  may  be  liable 

*  to  be  prefled  for  any  military  Service  at  all  ;   and 

*  that  it  may  be  promifed  that  a  Certificate  of  his 

*  faid  Service  as  a  Volunteer,  under  the  Hand  and 

*  Seal  of  his  Colonel,  or  other  Field-Officer  under 

*  whom  he  hath   ferved,  may  be  a  fufficient  Pro- 
'  teilion  and  Difcharge  to  him  from  any  fuch  im- 

*  preifing. 

*  leaving  thus  difcharged  ourfelves  of  thefe  Mat- 

*  ters,   which  are  our  moft  proper  and  immediate 

*  Concerns,    the    Bufinefs  of    the    Soldiery,    we 

*  muft  now  redouble  our  Defires,    that  the  two 

*  firrt  (concerning  putting  them  intoconftant  Pay, 

*  while  continued,  and  Provifiun  for  their  Arrears) 

*  may  be  fiift  confidered,  and  immediately  fettled, 

*  before  any  other  Bufmek ;  and  then  that  the  reft 
'  of  them  may  be  alfc  provided  f  >r  as  foon  as  may 

*  be. 

*  Now, 

Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'  Now,  tho'  the   two  firft    of  thefe   want  not 

*  their  equal  Concernments    to  the  Kingdom,  in 

December.      '  l^e    prefent    taking  ofF  the  Oppreffion    of   free 

*  Quarter,  preventing  the  Increafe  of  Arrears,  and 
'  providing  or  preparing  for  the  more  eafy  and  fatif- 
'  fadlory  difbandingof  Supernumeraries,  and  there- 
'  by  the  better  eafmg  of  the  Kingdom's  Burden? 
'  by  Degrees ;  yet  we  cannot,  by  any  of  our  Ad- 

*  drefles  of  this  Kind,  fo  far  forget  thofe  Things, 

*  we    have    formerly   declared,    concerning    more 
'  nearly  the  public  Intereft  of  the  Kingdom,  and 
'  ourfelves  as   Members  of  it,   but  we  muft  here- 
'  with   renew  our  humble  and  earneft  Defire  that 
'  no  Time  may  be  loft  by  the  Parliament  for  the 
'  juft  Confideration  and  Difpatch  of  thofe  Things 
'  both    for   the  Redrefs   of  common   Grievances, 
'  Relief  of    the   Opprefieil,   and  for  the  Liberty, 
'  Security,   Quiet,  and  fome  fafe  Settlement  of  the 
'  Kingdom ;  and  more  efpecially  that  the  Things, 

*  of  this  Nature,  exprefled  in  the  late  Remonftrance 

*  at  the  Rendezvous,   may,  in  fuch  Settlement,  be 

*  fully  and  effectually  provided  for,  and  that  with 

*  ail  poflible  Expedition.    And  it  is  our  Hearts  De^ 

*  fire  and  Hope  that    therein   the  Proceedings  and 

*  Refolutions  of  the  Parliament  may  be  fuch,  and 
'  fo  timeous,    as  that  we   need  not  any   more  to 

*  remind  the  Parliament  in  any  of  thofe  Things  ; 
«  which  (as  far  as  with  Truth,  or  any  Safety  to  that 
c  moft  obliging  Intereft  of  the  Public,  and  to  thofe 
'  that  have  engaged   for  it,  we  may  forbear)  we 

*  are    moft  unwilling,   and  take  no   Pleafure,  to 

*  meddle  in.' 

By    Appointment   of  his    Excellency  Sir  Thomas 
Fairfax  and  the  Council  of  the  Army^ 

r/>Kdflr6v"'  5<  J°'  RUSHWORTH,  Secy. 

The  Lords  took  no  Manner  of  Notice  of  this 
long  Remonftrance,  further  than  in  reading  of  it, 
and  referring  it  all  to  the  Commons  :  That  Houfe 
appointed  a  Committee  to  confider  of  it,  who 
the  next  Day  reported,  it  was  their  Opinion, 


of    E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  397 

That  all  the  fupernumerary  Forces  in  the  Kingdom  An.  Z3.  car.  t 
fhould  be  difbanded.  —  But  their  further  Proceed-  t  l6*J"  t 
ings  in  this  Bufmefs  we  leave  to  the  Sequel.  December. 

Dec.  9.  This  Day  qame  a  Meflage  from  the  King 
to  the  Parliament,  which  was  read  in  the  Houfe  of 
Lords,  and  ordered  to  be  fent  prefently  down  to; 
the  Commons;  and  that  Committees  of  both  Houfes  *9*f 
do  communicate  this  Meflage  alfo  to  the  Scots  Com- 

To  the  S  p  E  A  K  E  R  of  the  Houfe  of  PEERS  pro 
Tempore,  to  be  communicated  to  the  Lords  and 
Commons  in  the  Parliament  of  England  at  IVeft- 
minfler,  and  the  Commiflioners  of  the  Parlia- 
ment of  Scotland. 

Carifbrook-Caftle,  Dec.  6,  1647. 

77 A  D  his  Majefty  thought  it  pojfebk  that  his  two  AnotherMeflage 
Houfes  could  be  employed  in  Things  of  gf eater  from  the  King, 
Concernment  than  the  Peace  of  this  miferable  •<#Jpreffingf«raper- 
JlraBed  Kingdom,  he  would  have  expected,  with  °n 
more  Patience,  their  Leifure  in  acknowledging  tht 
Receipt  of  his  MeJJ'age  of  the  i6th  of  November 
la/I.  But  fence  there  is  not  in  Nature  any  Confede- 
ration prtceeding  to  that  of  Peace,  his  Majejlys 
conjlant  Tendernefs  for  the  Welfare  of  his  Subjefls 
hath  fuch  a  Prevalence  wich  him,  that  he  cannot 
forbear  the  vehement  Profecution  of  a  Perfonal  Trea- 
ty ;  which  is  only  fo  much  the  more  defer ed  by  his 
Majejiy,  as  it  is  fuperior  to  all  other  Means  of 
Peace.  And  truly  when  his  Majefly  confeders  we 
feveral  Complaints  he  daily  hears  from  all  Parts  of 
this  Kingdom,  that  Trade  is  fo  decayed,  all  Comma* 
dities  fo  dear,  and  Taxes  fo  infupportable,  that 
even  natural  Subfejlence  will  fuddenly  fail ;  his  Ma- 
]?fty,  to  perform  the  Truft  repofed  in  him,  mnjl  ufe 
kit  utiermojl  Endeavours  for  Peace,  tho'  he  w?re  to 
have  no  Share  in  the  Benefit  of  it.  And  hath  not 
his  Majejly  dine  his  Part  for  it,  by  divejting  him- 


398  ¥&e  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

An.   a  3  C*.  1-feJf  of  fo  much  Power  and  dufhority,  ris  by  his  ta/f 

^..   *6*7'      ,  Mefjctge  he  hath  pramiftd  to  do,  upon  the  concluding 

l^enAcr.      °f  the    whole   Peace  ?    And  hath    he  met  with    that 

Acknowledgment  from    his    two    Houfes    -which   this 

great    Grace  arid    Favour  fajlly  deferves?   Surely  the 

tilaitie  of  thii  great  Retarding  of  Peace  mujlfalljornt- 

tvhefe  elfe  than  on'  his  Majejly . 

To  conclude  :  If  you  will  bvi  confider  in  how  little 
Time  this  nettjfary  gevd  Work  will  be  done^  if  ymi+ 
the  two  Houfes  ^  will  wait  on  his  Majefty  with  the  Jam; 
Refolutions  for  Peace  as  he  will  meet  you,  he  no  way 
doubts  but- theft  yo*  will  wittingly  agree  to  this  his  Ma- 
jefty's  earnefi  Defire  of  a  Perfenal  Treaty,  and fyeedily 
dtpre  his  Prefence  among  ft  yon  ;  where  all  Things 
agreed  on  &Mrig  digefttd  into  Arts,  (till  when  it  is  moj] 
unreafonable  for  his  Majefty  or  his-  two  Houfts  to  defire 
each  of  ether  the  leajl  Concejjlon}  this  Kingdom  may, 
at  la/fj  enjoy  the  feUjjlngt  ef  a,  kng-wijtf d-for 

Dec.  TO.  The  Gommons  fent  up  to  the  Lords 
to  defire  more  Time  ftiil  to  bring  up  the  Articles 
of  Impeachment  againft  the  fevcn  Lords,  in  re- 
gard of  the  great  Affairs  of  the  Kingdom.  The 
Lords  gave  them  till  Tuefday  the  i4th  Inftant,  and 
ordered  all  the  Lords  to  be  lummoncd  to  attend  the 
Houfe  that  Day. 

Propofals  from  *  Dec.  II.  The  Lords  having  defired  a  Confe- 
thc  Lords  to  the  rence  with  the  other  Houie  concerning  the  Matter 
Commons,  in  f  th  jaft  Remonftrance  from  the  Army,  the  Sub- 

Purfuancc  of  the  „  ...  i          rr        i  \ 

l*ft  Reprefenta-  nance  of  what  was  to  be  ottered  to  them  was  re- 

tion  from  the      ported  this  Day,  and  agreed  to  : 

Awt)Jf'  «  That  the  Petitions  from  the  Counties  of  Hert- 

ford^ Middlefex,  and  Buckingham  complaining  of 
$he  Burden  of  free  Quarter,  may  be  communi- 
cated at  this  Conference  ;  and  the  Houfc  of  Com- 
mons be  defired  that  fome  fpcedy  and  efFeclual 
Courfe  may  be  taken,  by  providing  Pay  for  the  Ar- 
my, that  the  Counties  may  be  cafed  of  this  great 

«  That 

of   E  N  G  L  A  N  D.  399 

'    *  That  the  Army  may  have  Security  for   their  An.  13  car.  I. 
Arrears,  by  fuch  a  Provilion  as  may  give  them  a        J6+7' 
reasonable  Satisfaction.  "  December 

*  That  the  Ordinance  for  Indemnity  may  be  made 
full,  that  they  may  not  be  in  Danger  to  be  quefti- 
oned  for  fuch  Things  as  they  have  a&ed,  as  Soldiers, 
in  the  Service  of  the  Parliament. 

*  That,  upon  the  i6th  Day  of  November  lalt,  the 
Lords    did,   at  a    Conference,   recommend    thefe 
Things  to  the  Houfe  of  Commons  ;  but  not  hear- 
ing from  them  any  Refolutions  in  thefe  Particulars 
in  all  this  Time,  and  finding  the  Delay  thereof  is 
yery  prejudicial   to. the  Kingdom,  their  Lordlhipa 
do  again  remind  them  of  it ;   and,  for  their  Parts, 
fhall  hold  themfelves  difcharged,  as  having  in  this 
done  their  Duty  to.  the  Kingdom/ 

Th.e  fame  Day  the  following  Petition  was  pre* 
fenced  and  read  in  the  Houfe  of  Lords. 

To  the  Right  Honourable  thf  LORDS  and  COMMONS. 
ajjembled  in  Parliament. 

¥})e  HUMBLE  PETITION  offondry  Mini/ten  within 
the  County  of  Rutland  and  Parts  adjactnt^ 

Humbly  Jhnueth, 

"  TH  HAT  your  Petitioners,  being  allured  of  the  petition  from 

*  JL     fincere  intentions  and  real  Endeavours  of ferer!llMiniftCTS' 
«  the  Honourable  Houfes  to  promote  the.  Reform*- 

*  tion  of  Religion,. and  the  Extirpation  of  Popery, 

*  Herefy,  and  Schifm,  according   to  the   Solemn 
'  League   and  Covenant,   and  to.  bring  to.  con* 

*  dign  Puuiftiment  all  fuch  as  (hall  endeavour  the 

*  contrary ;    as  appears    by  an  Ordinance  of  the 
«  Houfes  of  the  26th  of' April  1645,  anc*  ty  a  De- 

*  claration  of  the  Houfes,  of  Commons  for  the  ap- 

*  prehending  of  Offenders,  in  that  Kind,  of  tha 

*  30th  of  UeciTnber   1646;    and  the  Expreffion  of 

*  their  deep  Senfe  of  God's  Difhonotir  in  the  fpread- 

*  ing  of  fuch  Blafphemies  and  Herefies,  as  tend  to 

4.  *  the 

400  *rhe  Parliamentary  HISTORY 

'lr-  *• «  the  Subverfion  of  the  Faith  ;   with  Profeffcon  & 

i        ~  _,  _j   l  improve  the   utmoft  of  their  Endeavours,   that 

December.      *  nothing  be  i!  ric  againft  the  Truth,   but  for  the 

'  Truth,  as  in  th°  Ordinance  for  the  Faft,  the  4th 

c  of  February,  1646. 

*  Upon  Cnnfideration  thereof,  we  your  Peti- 
'  tioners  are"  emboldened,  in  Purfusnce  of  the  (aid 
'  Covenant,  and  in  Dlfcharge  cf  oiir  Duty  to  God 
£  and  the  State,  to  rtprefent  unto  the  Honourable 
4  Houfes,  the  perilous  Condition  wherein  our  Coun- 
'  try  now  ftands,  by  reafon  of  divers  erroneous  and 
6  feducing  Spirits,  lately  crept  in  amorigft  us,  fuc- 

*  cecding  one   another  in    their  wicked   Practices ; 

*  namely,  one  ff^yke  Lamb,  and  efpeciully  one  Sa- 

*  muel  Gates,  now  fettling  himfelf  amongft  us,  a 
«  W'-aver  by  Trade,  and  a  profeft  and  known  Ana-. 

*  baptiji,  who  pretends  to  have  his  Authority  from 
'  God,   and  not  from  Man  ;    one   that  hath  been 

*  arraigned  for  the  Death  of  a  Woman  re-bapti-* 

*  zed  by  hiiti^  ftff  which,  and  other  his  grofs  Mif- 
"  demeanors,  he  (lands  bound  to  the  good  Beha- 

*  viouf ;    and,    having   been  driven  out  of  other 
'  Countries  by  the   Hands  of  Juftice,  is  bold  to 
4  thruft  himfelf  into  the  County  of  Rutland,  going 
f  up  and  down  from  Town  to  Town   preaching 

*  and  re->baptiz<ing  very  many$  and  drawing  a  Con- 
'  courfe  of  People  after  him  ;  appointing  his  public 

*  Meetings  weekly  in  Barns  and  Stables,  and  fuch 

*  unfeemly  and    Unfit   Places  ;    fometimes  alfo  he 
'  breaks  into  Churches*  thrufts  himfclf  into  our  Pul- 

*  pits,  and  vents  moft  falfe  and  heretical  Doctrines 
'  of  Arminianijm,   Antinomlanifm,    Anabaptifm,  So- 
c  dnianiftn,  and  divers  other  Tenets  tending  to  A- 

*  theifm,  fome  Particulars  whereof  we  exhibit  in 

*  the  Articles  hereunto  annexed  ;  whereby  he  draws 
'  Difciples  after  him,  not  only  to  prey  upon  their 

*  Eftates  for  his    Belly's   Sake,    but  poifons   their 
'  Souls  with  his  wicked  Errors  j  filling  this  Court- 

*  ty  with  divers  Se£ts  and  Schifms  ;  withdrawing 
'  them  from  their  own   Minifters   into  mutinous 

*  AfTemblies  weekly,    almoft  daily,  and  perverting 
«  whole  Families  j  working  Divifions  even  between 

*  neareft 

of   ENGLAND.  401 

c  neareft  Relations  ;   which   tends   not  only  to  an  An-  23  Car.  i. 

*  apparent  Schiiin  and  Separation,  but  to  a  general  t  ^ 

*  Mutiny  thro'  this  County  and  Par;s  adjacent  o,t 

*  Lincoln^  Northampton^  and  Lelccjhr^    Shires  bor- 

*  dering  upon  us  ;  he  having  of"  hue  difperfed   and 

*  endeavoured  to  promote  that  feditious  Paper  called, 

*  The  Agreement  6f  ibc  People,  which  he  hath,  by 

*  himfelf  or   Agents,    brought  or  lent  to  feveral 
4  Towns  in  the  County :  All  which,  if  not  timely 

*  prevented,  will,   in  all   likelihood,   raifc  a  great 
1  Combuftion  among   us  fpcedily  ;  the  rather  be- 
'  caufe  he  is  now  labouring  to  i'ettle  himfelf  and 

*  Family  among  uj,  to  our  further  Diilurbance. 

*  In